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Modifica di Myanmar

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== Valuta ==
 
== Valuta ==
La valuta locale è il '''kyat''' (abbreviato '''K'''), ''pronunciato "ciat"''. '''Pya''' sono le monete ma ne circolano pochissime. Soltanto il kyat e i ''' ''Foreign Exchange Certificates (FECs)'' ''' hanno corso legale legale, ma nella pratica quotidiano i dollari statunitensi sono accettati dapertutto e spesso preferiti ma soltanto le banconote e mai le monete.  
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{{infobox|Unfunny money|In a misguided attempt to fight rampant black marketeering, the Myanmar government has an unfortunate habit of '''declaring notes to be worthless''': this happened for the first time on May 15, 1964, when the 50 and 100 kyat notes were demonetized. On November 3, 1985, the 20, 50 and 100 kyat notes were demonetized again and replaced with new kyat notes in the unusual denominations of 25, 35 and 75, possibly chosen because of dictator Ne Win's predilection for numerology; the 75-kyat note was introduced on his 75th birthday.
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Only two years later, on September 5, 1987, the government once again demonetized the 25, 35 and 75 kyat notes with no prior warning, rendering some 75% of the country's currency worthless. A new series of 15, 45 and 90-kyat notes was issued, incorporating Ne Win's favorite number 9. The resulting economic disturbances led to serious riots and eventually the 1989 coup by General Saw Maung.  The post-coup notes come in more normal denominations from 1 to 1000 kyat, and this time the old ones remain legal tender... so far.}}La valuta locale è il '''kyat''' (abbreviato '''K'''), ''pronunciato "ciat"''. '''Pya''' sono le monete ma ne circolano pochissime. Soltanto il kyat e i ''' ''Foreign Exchange Certificates (FECs)'' ''' hanno corso legale legale, ma nella pratica quotidiano i dollari statunitensi sono accettati dapertutto e spesso preferiti ma soltanto le banconote e mai le monete.  
  
 
Il Kyat non può essere scambiato all'estero.
 
Il Kyat non può essere scambiato all'estero.
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Myanmar's currency is the '''kyat''' (abbreviated '''K'''), pronounced "zhet". '''Pya''' are coins, and are rarely seen. Technically only kyat and ''' ''[[Myanmar#Foreign Exchange Certificates (FECs)|FECs]]'' ''' are legal tender, but US dollars (USD) and euros very widely accepted and often preferred, but in many cases, payments can only be made in USD notes.
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Kyat cannot be exchanged abroad. Bring USD cash, and dispose of remaining kyat before leaving.
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=== Foreign currencies ===
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Visitors must plan carefully and '''bring enough cash''' with them to cover their entire visit, as there's no easy way to get more without leaving the country.
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'''Never exchange money in a bank or at the airport''' as the rates are excrutiatingly uncompetitive: the official rate "floats" around a farcical 6 (yes, '''six''') kyat to the US dollar [http://www.xe.com/ucc/convert.cgi?Amount=1&From=USD&To=MMK]. In reality, the true (so-called "black market") exchange rate fluctuates considerably around both sides of the 1000 kyat to the USD mark (1350 kyat to the USD in July 2006 in Yangon, slightly less in Mandalay), and dissident newspaper The Irrawaddy [http://www.irrawaddy.org/] (not available in the country) publishes daily exchange rates. Exchanging money on the black market is illegal in theory, but common in practice and easy to do in markets, jewelry shops, travel agents, etc. Exercise due caution. Just bring USD50 or USD100 bills for exchanging purpose.
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Western currencies are best exchanged in Yangon, however rates for everything other than USD (and to a lesser extent euro) are poor, hence it's best to convert to USD before entering Myanmar. Both USD and euro can easily be exchanged in most cities; sterling can be exchanged in Yangon and Mandalay, possibly in Bagan.
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Foreign currency (including USD) must be in good condition. Torn bills are virtually impossible to change, and the same sometimes applies to notes which have been written on, otherwise marked, or even repeatedly folded. When getting currency from a bank to take to Myanmar, request new notes. Some USD100 bills with certain serial number prefixes (especially "CB") are sometimes regarded as suspect, so it may be better to take USD50 or smaller denominations.
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=== Foreign Exchange Certificates (FECs) ===
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Visitors to Myanmar were previously required to change USD200 into FECs upon arrival, but this was '''abolished''' in August 2003. FECs are still valid tender, but should be avoided at all costs as they are no longer worth their face value (although a one FEC note has good souvenir potential).
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=== Credit cards & ATMs ===
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Due to EU and US sanctions, credit cards are rarely accepted in Myanmar. There are places where cash can be obtained with a credit card, however the rates are extremely uncompetitive (with premiums certainly no lower than around 7%, and with quotes of 30% and more frequently reported). An exceptionally small minority of up-market hotels accept credit card payments (and will surcharge accordingly).
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Some ATMs can be found in large cities, but these are purely for locals and cannot be used for withdrawing money.
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=== Travellers cheques ===
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Travellers cheques are '''not accepted''' in Myanmar. The only exception might be some especially shady money changer - but be prepared to pay an astronomical commission (30% is not uncommon).
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=== Costs ===
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It's quite possible to be comfortable on less than USD20/day. Foreigners will likely be charged fees, including video camera, digital camera, entrance, parking, and zone fees.
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=== What to buy ===
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A popular purchase in Myanmar is '''lacquerware''', which is made into bowls, cups, vases and various items. Beware of fraudulent lacquerware, though, which is poorly made, but looks authentic. Buy from reputable dealers. There is also a wide variety of beautiful silverware and jewellery as well as textiles, including gorgeous silks and handcrafts such as wooden carvings, silk paintings and stonework.
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Avoid giving money to beggars in Yangon and Mandalay (as painful as it might be to refuse them) but do buy handcrafts from street vendors and be generous at temples and monasteries. Definitely bargain! It's expected virtually everywhere, even in some of the nicest hotels.
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Textiles in Myanmar are stunning. Each region and each ethnic group has its own style. Chin fabrics are particularly stunning. They are handwoven in intricate geometric patterns, often in deep reds and mossy greens and white. They can be quite pricy, perhaps USD20 for the cloth to make a longyi (sarong).
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Some items may need customs permits.
  
 
== Cibi ==  
 
== Cibi ==  

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