Cordova (in spagnolo Córdoba) è un comune spagnolo di 308.072 abitanti situato nell'Andalusia lungo le rive del Guadalquivir e alle falde della Sierra Morena.
La città è stata inserita dall'UNESCO nella lista dei siti che costituiscono Patrimonio Mondiale dell'Umanità.
Fondata dagli antichi romani e chiamata Corduba da Claudio Marcello, la città conserva importanti testimonianze dell'architettura moresca, quando era la prospera capitale dell'Emirato di Al-Andalus, poi trasformatosi in Califfato nel 928 d.C. per volere di Abd al-Rahman III fino alla sua caduta alla fine del terzo decennio dell'XI secolo.
Cordova fu la città natale di tre famosi filosofi: Lucio Anneo Seneca, il musulmano Averroè e l'ebreo Mosè Maimonide. Ha dato i natali anche al poeta latino Marco Anneo Lucano|Lucano e, più recentemente, a diversi artisti di flamenco, come ad esempio Paco Peña, Vicente Amigo e Joaquín Cortes.
Treni AVE (Alta Velocità Spagnola) collegano Cordova a Madrid in un'ora e 45 minuti e a Siviglia in appena 45 minuti. Altri treni (più lenti) la collegano a Malaga.
Linee regolari collegano Cordova con tutte le città dell'Andalusia. Una linea regolare, che parte dalla "Estación Sur", collega Cordova a Madrid con circa 5 viaggi giornalieri.
The area with the most to see is around the Old City. every thing is in walking distance, (train station, bus station, shopping area, tourist sites, restaurants, bars, etc).
The typical tourist can do with the standard tourist map that can be obtained from the tourist offices. (one on the east side of the Mezquita-Cathedral and the other between the Alcázar and the city walls). Orientation is provided by the river, Plaza de las Tendillas and Passeo de la Victoria.
The area around the Mezquita-Cathedral is crammed with places to stay, eat and buy souvenirs but it's a bit too touristy, more interesting things are to be found wandering to the east of the Mezquita-Cathedral. On Sunday mornings you can watch a procession after the catholic mass. Excercise a lot of caution when walking around the area near the Mezquita: a lot of gypsies and beggers will try to sucker you for some money and they often work in teams. You may find yourself being charged 40 Euro for a palm reading, or having your money snatched by a little kid working together with the supposed palm reader. Just keep an eye on your things and don't get caught up with their scams.
- The Mezquita - a beautiful cavernous Moorish Mosque with a Cathedral built inside. Andalucia.com - Mezquita A must see.(8 Euro, free from 8:30 to 10:00 a.m.)
- Alcazar de los Reyes Cristianos - Castle of the Christian Monarchs with beautiful gardens
- Puente Romano - Old Roman bridge over the Guadalquivir, 'Torre de la Calahora' at the opposite end
- Medina Azahara - Ruins of the capital of the Western Caliphate, built beginning in 940. Approximately 5km west of town. (The tourism office currently runs a bus at 11:00 a.m. for 5 Euro.)
- Semana Santa (The Week Before Easter) - Processions throughout town involving scenes from the life of Christ, bands, and penitents. Approximately six processions each night from 6 p.m. to midnight.
- Drive an electric car to discover one of the largest historical downtowns in Europe. The electric car is equipped with a GPS touristic assistant which gives spoken information on the monuments within 100 meter. Descriptions available in Spanish, English, and French. Besides, there are 10 exclusive parking spots to park the electric car. From 30€ for 2 hours. 2 seats and 4 seats cars available. - Blobject
- Take a Segway Tour in Cordoba, passing by places which are normally missed by the visitor. English spoken tours. From 30€ per person - Blobject
- Vision Walking Tours - An excellent walking tour of the old city, Alcázar, Synagogue, and Mezquita. steep at €27 (no reductions) but worth it. (includes entry to buildings).
- Cordoba Feria - Last week in May, a huge fair of drinking, eating, and not working. Flamenco music. Highly recommended for fun.
- Hammam - Arabic baths - Just 5 minutes walking distance west of the mosque there is a modern Arabic bath, recreating the antique ones. During the golden times of the western caliphate Cordoba was said to have more than 400 hundreds baths. The atmosphere in this one is delicious and a session of two hours (including a massage) can be a relaxing experience. - Hammam (only in Spanish)
- Festival de Patios - About 2 weeks during May. People living in the ancient districts of Cordoba are proud to open their courtyards to visitors and participate in a contest in which colourful plants and different elements invite to contemplate the beauty of traditional style houses.
- Cruces de Mayo - 1st week of May
- Festival Internacional de la Guitarra - July. Two weeks full of concerts featuring the top world guitar players and bands ranging from Jazz to Blues, Classic and of course, Flamenco. Excellent music and dance seminars, courses and conferences about guitar. - www.guitarracordoba.com
The main shopping area is around the Plaza de las Tendillas.
More interesting shops can be found to the east.
- Sukia - cocktail shop, Cuesta Luján 4. (between Plaza de las Tendillas and San Fernado), 95749051, Really cool shop. Its sells Kitch, be it in clothes, music, decorations form, if its Kitch from the 50's 60's or 70's its here.
- La Gusa, C/ Diario de Córdoba, 18 (Near ruins of the Roman temple), 957491123 ([email protected]), . Every Day 2PM-1AM. A refreshing twist on traditional Spanish cooking. Relaxed cool atmosphere and unusual flavours.
- Bodegas Campos, Los Lineros, 32 San Pedro, 14002 Cordoba Website. Open traditional Spanish hours. Classic Cordoba place to eat. Historical building and famous for people who have visited. Food is fantastic. Can be $$.
- Amore Bona Pasta, C/ Reyes Catolicos, 17, 14001 Cordoba, +34 957484848 Website. Fantastic pizza and pasta at $-$$ prices. Try the Pasta Carbonara, very nice. Pizza was great as well.
- La Fragua Cja. Los Arcos, 2 (off C/Tomás Conde) Phone: (+34) 957 48 45 72. Delicious home made food and traditional cooking with a modern and personal style. Enjoyable meals in an authentic 16th century charming courtyard accompanied by flamenco ambient music. It is also possible to try tapas and drinks for a very reasonable price. Relaxed atmosphere.
- Taberna La Lechuga C/Tomás Conde, 12 +34 204 311. Cordoban Traditional style food. Try their brand name tasty specialty, seasoned "lettuce sprouts", served with garlic. They serve a wide range of traditional dishes. Don't forget their "Croquetas", but to be sure about their daily recommendations just try and ask their friendly staff.
- Casa El Mala Cara, C/. Esquita. Almodóvar/Judíos,2 (at the edge of the old Jewish Quarter beside the Pta. Almodóvor) 665 098 233 - 656 638 045 ([email protected]). A tiny bar with some nice tapas. Reasonably priced.
- Apartamentos Mezquita Soluzione economica è quella di affittare un appartamento con cucina risparmiare sulla prima colazione, pranzo e cena, e di essere a casa. Moschea Apartments è bello, nuovo e pulito, 8 persone sedute e una posizione ottimale accanto alla moschea.
- Hotel Macia Alfaros Website. Great hotel with old town central location. Walking distance to central plaza, shopping, archeology sites, drinks. Reasonable rates, excellent for business travel.
- AC Cordoba Hotel Excellent hotel in a modern environment set a block from the bus and train stations.