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Differenze tra le versioni di "Pechino"

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==Da vedere==
==Da vedere==
[[Immagine:CN-Beijing-Forbidden City.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Pechino: La città proibita]]
[[Immagine:CN-Beijing-Forbidden City.jpg|thumb|250px|right|Pechino: La città proibita]]
* '''Città proibita''' o '''Palazzo imperiale''' (故宫 Gù Gōng) <!-- Get there when the gates open (around 8.30am) if you want to walk through the vast and spectacular courtyards in relative peace. This is truly the spot to appreciate the might and grandeur of the Imperial Chinese court during the height of its power in the Ming and Qing dynasties. Despite the transformation of the city around it, the Forbidden City remains mercifully relatively untouched. A few years ago there was a lot of local fuss when a Starbucks coffee shop opened in the Forbidden City, some interpreting this as a return to the bad old days of colonial domination. However, in July 2007, Starbucks decided to close the shop as part of the restoration of the Forbidden City, which is in part toning down the commercial locations inside the city walls. Only 2/5 area of the palace is opened, but some places are under restorations and will be opened before 2008.-->
* '''Piazza Tiananmen''' (天安门广场 Tiānānmén Guǎngchǎng) è la piazza più grande al mondo.
<!--Built by Mao to impress; his riposte to the Forbidden City, the square is surrounded by Soviet-style monuments and government buildings, and houses Mao's mausoleum at the end opposite the entrance to the Forbidden City. It remains an astounding place and a spot to linger and see visitors from all over China, many visiting their capital for the first time. There is a flag raising and lowering ceremony at dawn and dusk. There are 4 marble lions in front of the Tiananmen gate, the northwest one has a bullet hole on its stomach from the 1989 Tianamen Square massacre. -->
* '''Tempio del Cielo''' (天坛 Tiāntán) <!--, south east of Qianmen and the Tiananmen Square. Not only a beautiful sight, but also surrounded by a vast public park popular with local residents practicing tai chi, dancing, and so on in the mornings and on weekends. Home to many ancient trees, this is also the greenest place in Beijing. Just a short stroll away from the historical sights will bring you to peaceful woods and, amazingly, solitude (especially toward the West Gate). The temple itself was the site where the emperor prayed every year for good harvests and fair weather. Can be reached by buses 2, 7, 17, 20, 110, 120, 726, 803, 826 to the West Gate (天坛西门 Tiāntán Xīmén); or buses 35 and 106 to the North Gate (天坛北门 Tiāntán Běimén). Park and historical sights (like the temple) ¥35, park only ¥15. -->
* '''Palazzo d'Estate''' (颐和园 Yíhé yuán) <!--extensive gardens and the ruins of palaces constructed by the Qing emperors. Most visitors stay in the front hill area, but if you prefer quiet places, the west bank and back hill areas are good choices. There are some quiet and secret ruins, caves, and other fun stuff in the back hill area. -->
* '''Yonghegong''' o '''Tempio dei Lama''' (雍和宮 Yōnghégōng) <!-- (also known as Lama Temple or Palace of Peace) The temple was built by Chinese emperors who harbored a deep fascination for the Tibetan (Tantric) version of Buddhism. Over the years many Tibetan and Mongolian monks lived and taught here, and there are still monks in residence today. The temple is famous for its 18m statue of Maitreya Buddha carved from a single piece of sandalwood. -->
* '''Colline profumate''' (香山 Xiāng Shān) <!--, in the northwestern corner of Beijing. A good place for weekend outings and picnics. Formerly a Qing imperial garden, today Fragrant Hills makes an easy short climb in the suburbs of Beijing. It's also home to the Fragrant Hills Hotel, designed by I.M. Pei (Louvre Museum Pyramid). Take buses 331, 726 to the last stop. ¥10, students ¥5. -->
* '''Zoo di Pechino''' (北京动物园 Běijīng Dòngwù Yuán)<!-- (they do have Pandas, but displays are not great, your best bet is to go to the Panda Breeding Centre in Chengdu, Sichuan Province). Some think the Zoo is one of the worst you will ever see (partly because of the way they treat animals), but the aquarium is one of the biggest in the world, and very impressive. The Zoo was built on the sites of some ancient gardens, has lakes, pounds, pavilions and other beautiful old buildings. The Soviet revival Beijing Exhibition Hall is located nearby and has a Russian restaurant, "Moscow Restaurant". -->
* '''Parco Beihai''' (北海 Běihǎi) <!-- Beihai is a good place to take a glance at Zhongnanhai (中南海 Zhōngnánhǎi), heart of Communist China. There's a big island and white pagoda which was built in the 17th century. The giant buildings westward outside are PRC's Ministry of Defence and General Staff, which, to be honest, ruin the scene of the west bank. On the north bank, you can visit some small but beautiful gardens. -->
* '''Prince Gong's Mansion (恭王府 Gōngwáng Fǔ) <!-- The garden is fulled with Chinese tourists, and the mansion will be opened as a museum before 2008, which will display the life of princes during the Qing dynasty -->
* '''Giardino botanico''' (北京植物园 Běijīng Zhíwù Yuán) <!--, steps away from the east gate of Fragrant Hill. Acres of greenery and flowers for those tired of urban smog and traffic noise. Sir Johnston, teacher of the last emperor Puyi, had a villa in Cherry Glen, a silent and beautiful retreat in the Gardens. In the spring, the gardens hosts special exhibits of tulips, peach and plum blossoms, peonies, and the like. Take buses 331, 726. ¥10, students ¥5. -->
* '''Hutongs''' (胡同 Hútòng) <!--are Beijing's ancient alleyways, where you can find traditional Beijing architecture. They date back to when Beijing was the capitol of the Yuan dynasty (1266-1368). Most buildings in hutongs are made in the traditional siheyuan (四合院), or courtyard, style. Many of these courtyard homes were originally occupied by aristocrats, though after the Communist takeover in 1949 the aristocrats were pushed out and replaced with poor families. Hutongs can still be found throughout the area within the 2nd Ring Road, though many are being demolished to make way for new buildings and wider roads. Most popular among tourists are the hutongs near Qianmen (前门) and Houhai (后海). -->
* '''Museo Militare della Rivoluzione Popolare Cinese''' (中国人民革命军事博物馆 Zhōngguó Rénmín Gémìng Jūnshì Bówùguǎn) <!--+86 10 68529647 is a great place to read the official Chinese version of what happened in Chinese military history, from ancient times up to 1949. There are also airplanes, boats, guns, missiles, rockets and vehicles on display (including U.S. military hardware evidently seized during the Korean conflict). The exhibit in "The Hall of the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea" was unfortunately inaccessible as of April 2007. You can pay an extra ¥5 to take a picture in a 1980's era Chinese tank. Entrance fee is ¥20. -->
* '''Museo dell'Aviazione Cinese''' <!-- is a must see for all aviation fans. It is located about 50 km outside Beijing in Changping District and is probably better known by the name Datangshan. Best way to get there is to arrange a taxi from your hotel. The other more adventurous way is to take bus 912 from Andingmen bus station, just remember that 912 has some branch lines and not all of these go via museum. The museum hosts over 200 exhibits, many of them very rare. Entrance fee is ¥45. -->
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Versione delle 20:57, 26 ago 2007

Poliziotto con il ritratto di Mao sulla piazza Tiananmen

Beijing o Pechino (in cinese 北京) è la capitale della Cina.

Distretti cittadini

8 distretti sono vicini il centro cittadino:

  • Distretto di Dongcheng (东城区 Dōngchéng Qū)
  • Distretto di Xicheng (西城区 Xīchéng Qū)
  • Distretto di Chongwen (崇文区 Chóngwén Qū)
  • Distretto di Xuanwu (宣武区 Xuānwǔ Qū)
  • Distretto di Chaoyang (朝阳区 Cháoyáng Qū)
  • Distretto di Haidian (海淀区 Hǎidiàn Qū). Comprende il quartiere di Zhongguancun (中关村 Zhōngguāncūn), la "Silicon Valley" cinese e 39 università incluse quella di Pechino, Tsinghua e Renmin
  • Distretto di Fengtai (丰台区 Fēngtái Qū )
  • Distretto di Shijingshan (石景山区 Shíjǐngshān Qū)

Altri 8 distretti sono notevolmente più lontani dal centro:

  • Distretto di Mentougou (门头沟区 Méntóugōu Qū)
  • Distretto di Fangshan (房山区 Fángshān Qū)
  • Distretto di Tongzhou (通州区 Tōngzhōu Qū)
  • Distretto di Shunyi (顺义区 Shùnyì Qū)
  • Distretto di Changping (昌平区 Chāngpíng Qū)
  • Distretto di Daxing (大兴区 Dàxīng Qū)
  • Distretto di Pinggu (平谷区 Pínggǔ Qū)
  • Distretto di Huairou (怀柔区 Huáiróu Qū)

Eccezion fatta per Mentougou, questi distretti erano prima del 1988 contee al di fuori dei limiti amministrativi della città di Pechino.

Da sapere

Pechino: il palazzo d'Estate



Come arrivare

In aereo

In treno

In auto

In autobus

In nave

Come spostarsi

Pechino: stato attuale della rete dei trasporti

Da vedere

Pechino: La città proibita
  • Città proibita o Palazzo imperiale (故宫 Gù Gōng)
  • Piazza Tiananmen (天安门广场 Tiānānmén Guǎngchǎng) è la piazza più grande al mondo.
  • Tempio del Cielo (天坛 Tiāntán)
  • Palazzo d'Estate (颐和园 Yíhé yuán)
  • Yonghegong o Tempio dei Lama (雍和宮 Yōnghégōng)
  • Colline profumate (香山 Xiāng Shān)
  • Zoo di Pechino (北京动物园 Běijīng Dòngwù Yuán)
  • Parco Beihai (北海 Běihǎi)
  • Prince Gong's Mansion (恭王府 Gōngwáng Fǔ)
  • Giardino botanico (北京植物园 Běijīng Zhíwù Yuán)
  • Hutongs (胡同 Hútòng)
  • Museo Militare della Rivoluzione Popolare Cinese (中国人民革命军事博物馆 Zhōngguó Rénmín Gémìng Jūnshì Bówùguǎn)
  • Museo dell'Aviazione Cinese

Attività ricreative

Folclore e manifestazioni

  • Olimpiadi dall'8 al 24 agosto la città ospiterà i Giochi Olimpici e dal 6 al 17 settembre i Giochi Paraolimpici [3]

Opportunità di studio

Opportunità di lavoro


Dove mangiare


Prezzi medi

Prezzi elevati


Vita notturna

Dove alloggiare


Red Lantern House hostel
  • Red Lantern House, No.5 Zhengjue Hutong, Xinjie Kou, Xicheng District, +8610 66115771/66169477 (), [1]. Absolutely adorable hostel with a genuine Chinese feeling. The courtyard in the middle is a great place to hang out, talk to new friends or just sit by yourself and read. Its location in a classical Hutong adds to the feel of experiencing the real China. They offer airport pickup for ¥160 Dorm beds from ¥45, singles from ¥130, doubles from ¥140..
  • Qiao Yuan Fandian: Located not far west from Beijing South train station. About ¥20 from Beijing Zhan (Beijing Train station) by taxi, or take buses 744 or 20; best from Qianmen near Tiananmen Square. There's a whopping ¥200 deposit but 4 bed dorms with a/c are reasonably priced at ¥31 or ¥260/360 for standard suites, the more expensive option in the building in the back (newer). Level 6 has a laundry, kitchen, and travel agency. Internet access is located towards the train station (look for the fish net character (网) on the signs, or ask for 'wang ba') or a few blocks away to the west near KFC, McDonalds and a supermarket. Plenty of eating is nearby, and also don't miss the Art Deco interior of a hotel/restaurant when its lit up at night (head towards KFC).
  • Beijing City Central Youth Hostel, Located directly across from Beijing Zhan (Beijing train station), [2]. Dorms ¥60 (4-8 beds). Doubles with shared bathrooms ¥160..
  • Beijing Saga International Youth Hostel, No. 9 Shijia Hutong, Dongcheng District. Tel. 86-10-65272773, 65249098, Sagayangguang. This place is about a 15 minute walk from the Beijing Main Railway Station. From the station, follow the road North past the Beijing International Hotel. After about a ten minute walk look for the hostel sign with an arrow pointing down one of the hutongs on the left side. The hostel is very popular with backpackers. They charge ¥180 for a triple room, ¥160 for a double room and ¥40-50 for a bed in a dormitory (the price depends on how many beds are in the room). There's a restaurant on the top floor. The staff speaks some English.
  • Beijing Far East Youth Hostel [4], 90 Tie Shu Xie Jie, Xuan Wu District. Tel. 86-10-51958811. It's in a traditional Chinese courtyard, about 10 minutes walking from Tiananmen Square. The Far East Youth Hostel has become very famous after having been added to major travel guides. During summer time you should book one week in advance.
  • Leo's Hostel [5] is a good alternative to the Far East and is just around the corner. Leo's Hostel is in the same road as the Far East, has a free Playstation 2, Internet, Pool, lockers, maps, guides, magazines etc. It is well known for its friendly staff and lively bar atmosphere. It has a beautiful courtyard, with dorm rooms (¥45-70) as well as private rooms (¥160-200) Tel: (10) 63031595 or (10) 63033318.
  • Changgong Hotel is one of the cheapest places in the Qianmen Hutong. It has an traditional arichitecture and is just next door from Far East and Leo's. Don't try to find any of the narrow roads on the map. Navigation is only possible by asking or in a rickshaw. Dormbeds are ¥35, a triple room is ¥210. Tel: (10) 63015088 or (10) 63032665.
  • Eastern Morning Youth Hostel is a great budget option if price is your primary concern. The hostel is located in the basement of the Oriental Plaza shopping/office/residential complex next to Wangfujing. Private rooms cost about ¥90 per night - book in advance. The staff does not speak much English but are friendly. Internet access is available at ¥10 per hour. The hostel is located on Dongdan Santiao (which runs behind Oriental Plaza). It is a 5 minute walk to the Dongdan or Wangfujing subway stations and about a 15 minute walk to the International Hotel airport shuttle stop. Tel: (10) 65284347
  • Jing Yi Shi Hotel [6] is located between Leo hostel and Far East Y/H. The hotel is traditional siheyuan and has beautiful courtyard. The staff does not speak much English but are very friendly. There are two PCs available, Internet access costs ¥10 per hour. Twin room costs ¥150, 180, 220. Tel: 86-10-63043822
  • Houhai Youth Hostel is one of the most mysterious and charming old-Beijing style courtyard inns, which is located in Sanbulao Hutong in Houhai. Its only 5 minutes by foot to the Houhai Lake. They provide free services such as a map of Beijing, tour of HuTong(traditional courtyard house), tea, Internet access, satellite TV & DVD access, usage of kitchen, baggage deposit. The staff speak English, and there is parking as well. Each single rooms cost $15 and up. Dorm beds cost $6 and up. Contact: Tel:0086-10-66128458,mobil:0086-13439801676,email:[email protected]

Prezzi medi

Prezzi elevati




Postazioni Internet e Wi-Fi spots

Sicurezza personale




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