Attention cet article doit étre traduit.
Le Kerala  est un Etat dans le sud Inde, réputé pour sa culture, ses épices, ses plages et ses mare (backwaters). Il est aussi un des Etats les plus instruits et les prospères en Inde. Les Keralalites appellent leur Etat "le pays de Dieu" ("God's own country"). Le Kerala dispose de forêts tropicales, d'une plaine côtière fertile, du commerce de la pêche, du tourisme et d'une situation politique relativement stable.
- Kovalam Beach -- une plage populaire près de Trivandrum
- Papanasam Beach -- elle aussi proche de Trivandrum, avec un temple vieux de 2000 ans
- Varkala -- près de Trivandrum
- Kerala backwaters -- Une expérience à ne pas rater.
- Thekkady -- Réserve de tigres de Periyar (Periyar Tiger Reserve)
- [Réserve naturelle de Chinnar] au-dessus de Munnar, avec éléphants sauvages
- Kumarakom -- Sanctuaire des oiseaux (Bird Sanctuary)
- Sabarimala and Guruvayoor -- site saint hindou
- Bekal Fort
- Fort Kochi
Kerala est un des rares endroits de l'Inde à ne pas avoir été sous contrôle direct des Britanniques. Les parties du Kerala, la région Thiruvithankoor étaient dirigée par des rois locaux pendant la période où l'Inde a été sous contrôle britannique (IL FAUT VERIFIER QUE CETTE PHRASE EST BIEN TRADUITE PAR RAPPORT A L'ORIGINAL ANGLAIS). Les gens ont vécu de la même manière qu'au cours des 2000 dernières années et une bonne partie de sa riche culture et de son héritage a été très bien préservée. Le Kerala a l'une des cultures les plus cosmopolites du monde. Il a une culture hindoue depuis des temps immémoriaux, chrétienne and juive depuis 1000 ans et aussi une forte culture musulmane dans le nord. Les dialectes locauxl du malayalam, la cuisine et les vêtements variant d'une ethnie à l'autre reflètent cette diversité.
Une chose qui sépare le Kerala du reste de l'Inde (peut-être que Bengal Ouest peut partager cette caractéristique) est que les gens y sont politiquement très actifs. Les syndicats au Kerala feraient rougir leurs homologues anglais et français. Le Marxisme et le Communisme se sont épanoui au Kerala depuis le 19e siècle. Cependant, le Communisme au Kerala se mélange parfaitement aux idéaux démocratiques du de l'Inde. Le Kerala a été le premier état au monde à élire un chef de gouvernement communiste.
La forte influence du marxisme au Kerala a pour conséquence une majorité considérable d'athées. Indépendants de la religion, les gens sont moins religieux comparés aux autres cultures en Inde. Les tensions communautaires et sectaires sont dès lors moindres.
L'État a une superficie de 38,864 km2 une population de 33 millions d'habitants. Les langues de l'Etat inclue le malayalam, l'anglais, le tamoul, le kannada et le hindi.
A peu près partout au Kerala, la population est très dense. Les gens parlent différentes langues et suivent différentes religions comme pour le reste de l'Inde. Cependant, par rapport à d'autres endroits en Inde, il y a moins de tension communale et sectaire.Cela dit, en prenant n'importe quel jour, il y aura des altercations violentes entre différentes parties politiques quelquepart dans le Kerala. Les gens s'intéressent plus à la politique qu'à la religion. Une majorité des gens sont athées mais actifs politiquement.
- Kerala has four seasons as against three for the rest of India. The Summer, Monsoon, Spring and Winter. March to Second half of May would be summer. Its very hot and isn't the best time to visit. Mid of May to Mid of October would be called the Monsoon or Rainy Season. Sometime during Mid of August to End of September would be the Spring Season or 'Onam Season'. This would be the ideal time to visit Kerala with Onam related festivals all over Kerala. Onam by the way is a festival that's celebrated all over Kerala by all sects of people. Mid of October to say Mid of February would be the winter of Kerala.
- When in Kerala, carry an umbrella no matter what time of the year it is. You'll have flash rains that may leave you drenched in a summer afternoon.
- Kerala is a state in the Union of India. The state has a cabinet of ministers headed by the Chief Minister. A Governor appointed by the Central Government of India oversees the State Government. Kerala's governing body is called the Legislative Assembly and the law makers are called Members of Legislative Assemblies. MLA's in short.
- The State of Kerala is divided into 14 districts and the districts are further divided into Taluks. Each Taluk will elect an MLA. Further each district has a Central Government of India appointed District Collector to oversee the government actvities.
- Kerala is one of the economically backward states in India. Jobless rate is very high and growth rates are 1% or so which is way below 8% or so growth rate of India. Much of the blame is shouldered by successive Marxist governments and their left leaning policies.
- At least one person, usually a wage-earner would be working somewhere outside Kerala to make ends meet. Most youngsters leave Kerala to Arab countries or other places in search of work. Their remittances make up for a sizable percentage of the economy.
- During recent years, Kerala is undergoing an image make over. There is a growing IT and ITES industry which in turn booms the construction industry in big cities.
- Tourism is now a booming industry in Kerala and is one of the premier tourist destinations in India.
Why should you visitModifier
- Kerala is wedged between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats Mountain range. The terrain is mostly hilly. The sun, the sand, the back water lagoons, the mountains and the culture is a unique combination that you won't find anywhere else.
- Due to its unique geography, Kerala gets rains for atleast 8 months of an year and the forests are classified as 'rain forests' a la Amazon. You'll be spoiled by the number of oppurtunities to trek, camp, see wild life and live the Tarzan.
- There are many back-water lakes along the coast making it an ideal location for water sports. Time your arrival for the 'Vallam kali', annual boat race.
- Take a trip in the Water Routes of Alappuzha, the Venice of the East
The people of Kerala speak Malayalam (a palindrome when written in English). However, most of the people speak and understand English. Most bus routes and other important signs are written in English.
Towards the east of Kerala(especially in Palakkad), there is a sizable population of Tamil speaking people, greatly enriching Kerala's culture. Also towards North, some communities speak Kannada and Tulu.
kerala travel > www.keralaforever.com
There are three airports in Kerala. The airports at Kozhikode, Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram are international airports. The international airports have several carriers operating from Singapore, Colombo, Male, Muscat, Bahrain, Kuwait, Abu Dhabi and Dubai. Also Kerala could be reached through the major air-transport hubs in India, Chennai, Mumbai and Delhi and sometimes that would be cheaper than flying directly to airports in Kerala. Some airlines based in India are Air India, Air India Express, Alliance Air
Inter-state private and government buses operates between neighbouring states. Usually the journey is performed in the night so that you can escape the heat of the day.
Trains, buses and taxis provide the easiest way to get around Kerala. Trains are good for long distance travel, say from the north to the south.
Taxis are good but expensive way to get around for short distances. Do negotiate the price before you get into the taxi.
Buses are good for very short travel. Both government and private buses travel between and within cities. Buses within cities are very crowded and if you travel on them, please take care of your belongings (wallet, passport) as pickpockets are not rare.
Auto-rickshaws are another convenient mode of transport for very short travel - not too expensive and fast. By law the auto driver has to start a meter for every journey. However this is rarely done except in Kozhikode. The best way not to get tricked would be to ask a helpful samaritan how much it would cost to your destination and check it up with your driver before you get into the auto.
Kerala is one of the few places which caters to all kinds of tourists. It has hill stations, virgin beaches, lazy backwaters, rain forests, historical and cultural destinations.
Kerala cuisine is never complete withour sea food and cocount. Almost every dish will have coconut paste in it.The oil used for cooking is also coconut oil. Kerala is the only state in India where beef is consumed by almost every non vegetarian including hindus. It is alwasy best to stick to sea food as it is been rated as one of the best.
Water is usually safe to drink, but mineral water is available at almost all shops and is the safe bet. Alcochol consumption in public is considered an offence; even consumption of beer in public will be frowned upon. Chilled local toddy is definitely worth a try.
Even though the reaction to public consumption of alcohol is bitter, Kerala tops in per capita alcohol consumption in India. You'll find a bar in most hotels and they would serve from 'Kallu' to Scotch Whiskey.
Kerala has its share of criminals. Pick pockets are quite common. Don't trust your hotel cleaning staff with your costly belongings. Also for woman, don't walk in skimpy clothes like bikinis. It just isn't safe for woman to walk alone in the night.
Use bottled water and stay in decent hotels even if you have to shell out some extra money.
Watch out for political strikes as they break out frequently and are often violent. Prepare for a 'lightning' strike of shop owners or hotels or any group of workers. Stay indoors during a 'Hartal'(A total break down of all services) and keep some rations just in case the hotels stop serving. Having said that some essential services are always excempt from strikes like medical staff, hotels, medicine shops etc.
Visiting Religious CentersModifier
Kerala is one of the places where multiple religions exist in great harmony. This is achieved by one respecting the customs and rituals of other religions. A visit to these shrines is necessary to understand the breadth of cultural influences in the state.
In some Hindu temples non Hindus are not allowed enter the shrines. It is best to ask someone at the temple. Many are happy to let you in as long as the usual rules of the temple are observed. However, photography inside the temple is a strict no-no. Also for male visitors at many places inside a temple, dress code is traditional mundu without a shirt - the no-shirt rule will be enforced even if the mundu rule is not. The best thing to do is to watch what others are doing and follow. You are also expected to take off your footwear outside the temple. Usually there are no locker facilities, cheap footwear is best.
For females any non exposed dress, preferably not shirts and trousers.
There are exceptions to these rules, example everybody is welcome at Adhi Shankaracharya's temple. At Shabarimala any male who have done the prerequisite rituals are welcome, but females are not.
At a Muslim mosque females have some restrictions.
At Christian churches usually males should be at left side of aisle and females on right side.
The synagogue at Kochi is not open to non Jews on Saturdays.