Difference between revisions of "Zhouzhuang"
Revision as of 14:56, 12 November 2009
Zhouzhuang (周庄)  is located in Jiangsu province, about 50km from Shanghai, and is China's oldest water town. It is the Venice of China (a description given to a number of towns). Be warned that there are a lot of tourists (although predominantly from China), which means high prices and lots of people hustling you to buy things. On holidays and weekends the old town will be so packed that it is difficult to move around. This aside its worth the visit.
==Introduction== Zhouzhuang is located in the southeast city of Suzhou Province and in the Southwest of Kunshan. It was known as Zhenfeng Lane in ancient times. In the Spring and Autumn Period, Zhouzhuang was a part of the King of Wu and called Yaocheng. It was called Zhouzhuang after ZhouDigong donated more than 200 acres to local Quanfu Temple on the Yuan Dynasty (1860.on the mid-Yuan Dynasty, Wanshan Shen used the superior geographical advantage to do trade, hence, Zhouzhuang became a distribution center of food, silk, ceramics, arts and crafts in the south of China. It officially named Zhouzhuang town on the beginning of Qing Dynasty.
As the river into the street, giving Zhouzhuang a simple, vivacious and bright quiet. Therefore, it is the southern typical symbol “small bridge, flowing water, people”. Zhouzhuan likes a pearl embedded in river. The ancient town, which has a history of more than 900years old still keeps the intact, original ancient water village’s style and pattern. The most famous attractions are Fu’an Bridge, Double Bridge and the Hall of Shen’s Residence. Fu’an Bridge is the only remaining three-dimensional building which made a connection between bridge and house. Zhouzhuang is surrounded and divided by lakes and rivers, 14 stone bridges cross the rivers, showing distinctive views of the water-town. Double Bridge connected by two bridges as a whole. Stone Bridge was built in Ming Dynasty. It is firm and simple, and composed by a stone arch bridge and a beam bridge. The Stone Bridge, likes a lock, tightly connects the north-south River and Silver Band River. The Hall of Shen’s Residence is Qing-style. The overall structure looks very rigorous and the parts of the hall have different scenery. In addition, there are Quanfu Temple (Buddhist) and Chengxu Temple (Taoist) and other religion sites. The whole town connected to the bridges and streets, all houses were built on the river. The boat gently rocking and green shadow whirling on the bank of river. When you visit it, you will feel you are in a picture. Overseas newspapers called Zhouzhuang as "China's first water village". “Small bridge, Flowing water, people” is the special characteristics of Zhouzhuang. Every family has its own pier in the water town. There is a proverb in Zhouzhuang is the “sedan chair through into the front door and the boat through the home gone”. “The boat through the home gone” means that there is a stream flows in the yard of the Hall of Zhang’s Residence. There is a big pool in Zhang’s Residence which used unloading in the past.
===A story about Zhouzhuang=== With regard to Zhouzhuang, there is a story: In 1984, Chen Yifei,a painter of China, studying in the United States. He used the Double Bridge as the creation material and created an oil painting which was entitled “The memories of home”. It was exhibited in a New York gallery of Armand Hammer, chairman of Occidental Petroleum Corporation on October and caused a sensation in the United Stated. Especially those works which were used the traditional Chinese ink painting technology depict the beautiful flowing water and southern garden scenery. Those beautiful picture brought American to a mythical situation.
On November, Armand Hammer bought “The memories of home” with a high price and visited to China. He sent this oil painting as a gift to Xiaoping Deng who was the president at that time. We don’t know why he chose China's "local products" as a gift to the Chinese leaders, but just this chooses that let Chinese people really know Zhouzhuang.
As the transportation is well-developed, it is very convenient to get Zhouzhuang. There is only 60 kilometers away from Zhouzhuang to Shanghai downtown; 38 kilometers away to Suzhou downtown; 30 kilometers away to Kunshan downtown.
Driving From Shanghai: A9 highway-getting off at Jinze- go about 4 km of 318 State Road-Shangzhou Road- Zhouzhuang From Kunshan: Kunzhou Road-Jinxi-Zhouzhuang, 38 killomaters From Suzhou (via Tongli): Suzhou-Sujia Road-Songling Town- Songbei Road- Pingwang-Huqingping Road-Beiku-Jinjiabei-Zhouzhuang From Suzhou (via Yongzhi):Suhong airport(via Yongzhi and Zhangpu)-Zhouxiang- Kunzhou Road-Dashi-Jinxi-Zhouzhuang,71 killomaters From Zhejiang: Jiaxing exit of the Huhang highway-Sujia Road-Pingwang-Huqingping Road-Beiku-Jinjiabei-Zhouzhuang
By Bus Shanghai: Shanghai People Stadium. Tel: 64,265,555. Departure time: 7:00, 8:30, 9:05, 9:45, 12:10, 14:00; the price is 200RMB include round-trip fees and visiting tickets 120RMB.
The Hall of Shen’s Residence Built in 1742 and located at the southeast side of Fu’an Bridge, Shen’s house was the private property of the descendant of Shen Wansan, who was the first millionaire of the south of Yantze River in the early Qing Dynasty. His property was envied by the king and he personally funded to repair one-third of the Nanjing Ming city wall. He has many industries in various places, but he always made Zhouzhuang as his foundation. The whole building is Qing-style. Shen’s house occupies an area of more than 2,000 square meters (half an acre) and over 100 rooms. It consists of three parts. The first part is the wall of the water gate and pier, which is used by Shen's family moored boats and washed clothes. The middle part includes the gate tower, the tearoom and the main hall. Tea room and main hall are places for serving guests, and handling weddings, funerals and other events. The furnishings in here are all very elegant. The main hall called “Songmao hall” covers an area of 170 square meters and up to 6 meters. It carved very vivid figures, beast, and pavilions. The last section is the two-storied dwelling which consists of several buildings which are quite different from the main hall, more comfortable and refined in pattern and atmosphere.
The Hall of Zhang’s Residence It located to the south of the Double Bridge. Zhang’s house formerly known as “Yishun Hall” which was built by the descendants of XuKui in the Zhengtong era (1436 - 1449) of the Ming Dynasty. It bought by Zhang's family in the early Qing Dynasty. Zhang House has more than 70 rooms and takes up about 1,800 square meters. Yuyan Hall is the main hall, which is bright, simple, quaint and elegant. Thick west columns of the hall stood upright on a pier at the Phoebe drums, solid as stone, was indeed the legacy of the Ming Dynasty house. There is a river flowing through Zhang’s house that makes Zhang’s house graceful and dapper. The back hall was designed a row of special windows, and through the window and we can enjoy the backyard flowers and trees.
Double Bridge Double Bridge, commonly known as the key bridge, which composed with Shide Bridge and Yongan Bridge. It is the symbol of Zhouzhuang. The reason why it called Double Bridge is the Shide Bridge is east-west and has a round arch, and Yongan Bridge is north-south and the bridge arch is square. It looks like the key that used in the ancient times. These two stone bridge, built in the Ming Wanli before AD 1573 - 1619,Shide Bridge was funded by XuSong quan and XuZhu xi, and Yongan Bridge was funded by XuZheng wu. The two bridges were rebuilt in the Qing Dynasty. Double Bridge is the best place to expresses the ancient water town’s charm: clear water, green trees and small boat cross through the bridge aperture. It attracts teachers and students of art from different parts of county to paint in the four seasons, and photography lovers take camera and select the best shooting angle.
Fu’an Bridge It located at the eastern end of Zhongshi Street. It was the ancient perfect unique architecture as combination of the single-arch bridge. It was built in 1355 during the Yuan Dynasty and was rebuilt by Wanshan Shen’s younger brother, Wansi Shen. He renamed the bridge as Fu’an, which expected the local people not only rich but secure. The four sides of the bridge floor are well-preserved. The bridge towers have tearooms, restaurants and stores, and are good places to appreciate the views while taking a rest.
Chengxu Taoist Temple Chengxu Taoist Temple, also known as “Sanctity Hall”, which has more than 900years old and was built during1086 - 1093 of the Song Dynasty. It stood on Zhongshi Street that is opposite to Puqing Bridge. Since the mid-Ming Dynasty, it has increasingly grand scale. After several periods of expansion, it covered an area of 1,500 square meters (1,800 square yards) in mid-Qing Dynasty. It became one of the famous temples in Wuzhong Region. The main building (hall) in Chengxu Taoist Temple is YUhuang pavilions, Wenchang pavilions and Shengdi pavilions. Wenchang pavilions is the main pavilion which was built Song Dynasty.
QuanfuTemple It was a set of ornamental and practical antique-shaped water tower which was built in 1987. The temple has 5 layers and 33 meters high. There is stairs up to the tower roof. Visitors can see the whole landscape of Zhouzhuang. It is a landmark in Zhouzhuang.
South lake It is located in the south of Zhouzhuang, commonly known as “Nanbai swing”. Only one third of lake is Zhouzhuang; the rest are Wujiang City. The lake is surrounded by trees and bamboos and attracts lots of visitors. According to South Lake’s natural beauty and historical relics, local people built South Lake Garden. The whole garden is divided four beauty spot as the unique scenery in spring, suumer, autumn and winter. It covers an area of 3.6 hectares, and construction area of 6300 square meters. The beauty spot in spring and summer is for the landscape garden. Wanghu building, Jiuqu Bridge, LIngbo marble boat were built around with lotus pond. Autumn beauty spot is a set of Halls, temples, pavilions, corridors, rockeries in a park. The beauty spot in winter is mainly about Quanfu Temple.
1.Ancient stage (Drama performances, folk songs, ballads, etc.) 2.Zhenfeng Street (the show of tradition handicraft : blacksmith, paper cutting, straw, clay sculpture, spinning, weaving, brewing,) 3.Jubin building (the show of speaking and singing) 4.Water Alley (Osprey fishing show) 5.Zhouzhuang Night (visiting Zhouzhuang at night and appreciating light show)
On April, Tea Culture Exhibition (the teas that are Lady Tea, Wedding Rea, etc.)
On May, Dragon Boat Festival (visiting ghost boat, dragon-boat race, eating salted egg, dumplings and seasonal fresh fruit, etc)
Be aware that Zhouzhuang, while indeed an old, beautiful and cool town, can be very commercialized, and contains aggressive sales people and vendors, and that can spoil your visit. Suzhou-area locals seem to strongly concur with this perception. There are also many other beautiful little water towns throughout this area of southern Jiangsu and northern Zhejiang.
Since there many canals, be safe around water edges. Many areas do not have fencing.
Do not be scammed by vendors. Many will say items are handcrafted and hand painted. If an item is in extreme abundance the item is likely made in mass quantity. Some vendors will even have paint sitting out to portray the idea that the items are handcrafted
Wansan pig’s upper leg.There are many special snacks in Zhouzhuang and the most famous one is Wansan pig’s upper leg, locally called “Wansan elbows” or “Wansan hoof”, which originated in Wansan Shen’s family in the Ming Dynasty. It is the necessary dishes when entertain guests. Although it looks fat, it is not greasy. It is sold at all local restaurant and shops.
The other local snacks are Wansan cake, Sesame cakes, peanut cakes, walnut cakes, salt and pepper cake, green cake, tiny cucumber, shrimp and a vegetable call “Chuncai”, which is lived in water and is used in soup. It tastes super delicious.
If you want to taste local classical food, just go to “Wansan Family Feast”, the restaurant located on the Fu’an Bridge and still maintains the Ming-style. Specialties include Wansan elbow, glutinous rice balls, steamed mandarin fish, steamed eel stew extinguishers, bass soup with Shuncai, ginger snail, Cypriot meat oil package, venetian package of meat, stewed dried tofu, steamed lotus root and so on. It is a very local-style restaurant.
Aquatic products in zhouzhuang are available all the year round and the bests of them are perches, white clams and fresh – water white baits.
To fully appreciate Zhouzhuang, you should consider an overnight stay, especially if you enjoy a romantic setting. Accommodation can be found near the bus station, but is also easy to find by the canals. Cheap, basic, but comfortable. Four-poster beds are available too to complete a wonderful evening.
The bus station (NOT the sightseeing bus parking lot at Fuguiyuan) is located at the north end of town on Daqiao Lu. According to the 3RMB map sold by old ladies in various parking lots around town, the bus schedule runs like this:
To 青浦(Qingpu) from 0630 to 1720, every 30 minutes.
To 苏州 (Suzhou) from 0610 to 1700, every 30 minutes.
To 上海（Shanghai) 0600, 0830, 0915, 1140, 1250, 1420, 1620
To 嘉兴 (Jiaxing) 0850, 1235