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Dudhwa Tiger Reserve
Dudhwa is the last remnant of Terai region, one of the most endangered ecosystems on the planet. This complex ecosystem is a beautiful mosaic of dense Sal jungles, Grasslands and Swamps. Forty-seven species of mammals are found at Dudhwa; of these thirteen species are endangered. Dudhwa is home to a sizable tiger population. This place is the last refuge for critically endangered sub-species of the Swamp deer, Cervus duvauceli duvauceli (called Barasingha in Hindi). Out of the seven species of deer in India, five (swamp deer, sambar, barking deer, spotted deer and the hog deer) thrive at Dudhwa. The only place in the world inhabited by 5 species of deer. Critically Endangered species like the Bengal Florican and Hispid Hare have been rediscovered at Dudhwa. Besides 13 species of mammals, 9 species of birds and 11 species of reptiles & amphibians are Endangered (listed in Schedule-1 of the Wildlife (Protection) Act). The grasslands are the natural habitat of Indian one-horned Rhinoceros. About a hundred and fifty years ago the last rhino was hunted to extinction. Conservationists felt that Dudhwa could support a rhino population. In 1984, rhinos from Assam and Nepal were introduced. The rhinos are kept inside an electrical fence and their activities are strictly monitored. The family has increased to 17, despite the initial hiccups. The Park affects the water and climatic conditions of the region. This is absolutely essential for the human survival and agriculture (the main thrust of local economy).
LOCATION: The Dudhwa National Park lies in the sub-Himalayan region referred to as the Terai belt. The Park is tucked between India and Nepal in the Lakhimpur-Kheri District of the Indian State of Uttar Pradesh.
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION: The Park lies between 28^18’N and 28^42’N latitudes and 80^28’E and 80^57’E longitudes.
DISTANCES: From Delhi (via Bareilly and Shahjehanpur): 450 km From Lucknow (via Sitapur and Lakhimpur): 250 km From Shahjehanpur: 110 km
Camping at Dudhwa National Park
Karavan Heritage and Nature Society organise camp at Dudhwa with the name "National Environment Science Camp."
Every year since 2006, Karavan Heritage & Nature Society has successfully conducted the National Environment Science Camp or NEVSC at Dudhwa National Park. This Camp is a nationwide student’s movement for Environment Education and Conservation.
Right from November to March, we pitch our tents in the heart of Terrai forest of Dudhwa. Teams arrive on successive slots to explore the dense Sal forest, spooky swamps and vast grasslands of the endangered Terrai region. We dwell on a new theme every year: Habitats, Evolution, Web of Life, with an entirely new set of activities. Until 2010 around 1000 students, from Jalandhar in the North to Ooty in the South and from Guwahati in East to Nagpur in the West, have become a part of this movement.
Programs at Dudhwa
Student Camp "Student’s Movement for Environment Conservation"
Field Study Camp "In-Depth Study of Nature"
Off-Roading "Let’s Burn Some Rubber"
Photography Camp "Be the Master Photographer on the go"
Forest Healing "How Trees provide Health and Happiness"
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