Difference between revisions of "Victoria (state)"
Revision as of 02:09, 8 January 2010
Victoria  is the southernmost of the eastern mainland states of Australia. The state is roughly triangular in shape. New South Wales lies to the north / north-east, with the Murray River forming most of the boundary between the two states. South Australia lies to the west and the southern coast forms the other side of the triangle. Melbourne, the state capital and largest city, is nestled on Port Phillip Bay in the center of the southern coast.
Cities and Towns
Standard time is 10 hours ahead of GMT and summer time (from the first Sunday of October to the first Sunday of April) is 11 hours ahead.
Victoria has good cross border road connections into its neighbouring states. The main routes from the north are the Princes Highway following the coast and entering the state near Genoa, the Hume Highway from Sydney entering the state at Wodonga, the Newell Highway entering the state near Shepparton and being the main route from Brisbane, and the Sturt and Silver City Highways entering at Mildura. From the west, the Princes Highway is again the coastal route, and the Western Highway the more direct route.
Melbourne is the main entry point to Victoria by air and has direct flights to all Australian capital cities, and many international destinations.
Touring Victoria by car is a straightforward and practical way of seeing the state. Distances between towns tend not to be as great as in other states, and it is unusual to drive for more than a couple of hours without passing through a small town. Victoria has the most developed road network of any state of Australia, and most towns are accessible without using dirt of gravel roads. Roads are indicated as motorways, A, B or C roads, but in general there is no need to avoid a C road if it clearly provides the quickest trip to where you want to go.
By public transport
The state rail company, V/Line  provides rail services within the state, and connecting coach services to the towns that the railway line no longer reaches to.
V/Line train services operate to and from Melbourne on the Geelong line in the south-west, Ballarat in western Victoria, Bendigo, Swan Hill and Echuca in the north, Seymour and Wodonga in the north-east, and Sale, Traralgon, and Bairnsdale in the state's east.
Melbourne has an integrated bus, tram and train network, described at the Metlink website. . Many other larger towns have buses servicing the towns. See the local guides.