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{{pagebanner|Viana do Castelo Banner.jpg}}
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[[Image:Viana do Castelo.jpg|thumb|400px|A view of the city.]]
 
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'''Viana do Castelo''' is one of the most beautiful portuguese cities, in the [[Minho-Lima]] subregion of [[Northern Portugal|Northern]] [[Portugal]]. The Pilgrimage of Nossa Senhora da Agonia and the amazing views of the Lima River maked this city unforgettable. Classified as the Mecca of Architecture by ''Wallpaper'' ([http://www.wallpaper.com/]), the city is famous for the monuments in and around the city, and the surrounding natural beauty.
'''Viana do Castelo''' is one of the most beautiful Portuguese cities, in the [[Minho-Lima]] subregion of [[Northern Portugal|Northern]] [[Portugal]]. The Pilgrimage of Nossa Senhora da Agonia and the amazing views of the Lima River maked this city unforgettable. Classified as the Mecca of Architecture by ''Wallpaper'' ([http://www.wallpaper.com/]), the city is famous for the monuments in and around the city, and the surrounding natural beauty.
 
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
[[Image:Viana do Castelo.jpg|thumb|400px|A view of the city.]]
 
 
{{infobox|The Legend of Rio Lima|
 
{{infobox|The Legend of Rio Lima|
It is said that when the Roman legions arrived in the first century C.E. at the falls of the Lima River, they were so taken aback with the landscape that they thought they were at the gates of paradise, with the River Lethe, the famed river of forgetfulness at their feet. The men refused to take another step. The then Councilor who accompanied them charged ahead and crossed it alone. He was then only able to convince the others it was safe by calling out the name of each and every man, to prove that the river hadn't caused him to forget everything.}}
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It is said that when the Roman legions arrived in the first century C.E. at the falls of the Lima River, they were so taken aback with the landscape that they thought they were at the gates of paradise, with the River Lethes, the famed river of forgetfulness at their feet. The men refused to take another step. The then Councilor who accompanied them charged ahead and crossed it alone. He was then only able to convince the others it was safe by calling out the name of each and every man, to prove that the river hadn't caused him to forget everything.}}
  
The city is the capital of a municipality with 314,36 km² and has some 36.750 inhabitants. The municipality borders the municipality of Caminha in the north, the municipality of Ponte de Lima in the east, the municipalities of Barcelos ans Esposende in the south and the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The city's origins date back to before the Christian era, as it can be seen in the hill fort near the Basilica of Santa Luzia. It received its first foral from King Afonso III of Portugal in 1258, as well as the name Viana da Foz do Lima, because of its geografical location; in 1848 it became a city by a decree of Maria II of Portugal, and received the name of Viana do Castelo.
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The city is the capital of a municipality with 314,36 km² and has some 36.750 inhabitants. The municipality borders the municipality of Caminha in the north, the municipality of Ponte de Lima in the east, the municipalities of Barcelos ans Esposende in the south and the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The city's origins date back to before the christian era, as it can be seen in the hill fort near the Basilica of Santa Luzia. It received its first foral from King Afonso III of Portugal in 1258, as well as the name Viana da Foz do Lima, because of its geografical location; in 1848 it became a city by a decree of Maria II of Portugal, and received the name of Viana do Castelo.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
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=== By bus ===
 
=== By bus ===
Some companies, such as '''AVIC''', have connections to [[Porto]] and [[Lisboa]].
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Some companies, such as '''AVIC''' have connections to [[Porto]] and [[Lisboa]].
  
 
=== By car ===
 
=== By car ===
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The most obvious way to see the town is on foot. Most of the city's attractions and a large part of its shopping are found in the historic downtown, quite close to each other, and many pathways downtown are pedestrian-only.
 
The most obvious way to see the town is on foot. Most of the city's attractions and a large part of its shopping are found in the historic downtown, quite close to each other, and many pathways downtown are pedestrian-only.
  
=== By bicycle ===
 
 
Although there are few bicycle lanes, the city center is very bike friendly. Rentals are available in the Tourist Information Office near Praça da Liberdade. During the summer, the 2/4 seats pedal karts are also very popular.
 
  
 
=== By bus ===
 
=== By bus ===
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* '''Marco Portugal Rent-a-Car''', Rua Emídio Navarro 9, tel. +351-258 813 800, [http://www.marcoportugal.com/].
 
* '''Marco Portugal Rent-a-Car''', Rua Emídio Navarro 9, tel. +351-258 813 800, [http://www.marcoportugal.com/].
 
* '''Europcar''', Praça General Barbosa 124, tel. +351-813370, [http://www.marcoportugal.com/].
 
* '''Europcar''', Praça General Barbosa 124, tel. +351-813370, [http://www.marcoportugal.com/].
* '''Auto Jardim''', Rua Alves Cerqueira, 71 / 73, Tel: 258 847 301/2/3, [http://www.autocar-hire.com.com/].
 
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
 
[[Image:800px-Viana do Castelo 7-1-.jpg|thumb|500px|The Republic Square.]]
 
[[Image:800px-Viana do Castelo 7-1-.jpg|thumb|500px|The Republic Square.]]
 
[[Image:2389975508 a14630baaa b-1-.jpg|thumb|325px|Basilica of Santa Luzia]]
 
[[Image:2389975508 a14630baaa b-1-.jpg|thumb|325px|Basilica of Santa Luzia]]
* '''Basilica of Santa Luzia''', on Mt. St. Luzia - Constructed in 1903, it was inspired by the Sacré Coeur de Montmartre in [[Paris]]. From the basilica's location on top of Mount St. Luzia, there are spectacular views of the city and the beach. The best view of the city can be seen from the pinnacle of the church, accessible from the church through an funicular or through the stairs. You can reach the basilica either by car via the Santa Luzia highway, or by taking the Santa Luzia funicular.
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* '''Basilica of Santa Luzia''', on Mt. St. Luzia - Constructed in 1903, it was inspired by the Sacré Coeur de Montmartre in [[Paris]]. From the basilica's location on top of Mount St. Luzia, there are spectacular views of the city and the beach. The best view of the city can be seen from the pinnacle of the church, accessible from the church through an elevator or through the stairs. You can reach the basilica either by car via the Santa Luzia highway, or by taking the Santa Luzia Elevator.
 
* '''Gil Eanes Naval Museum''', on the Dock - A floating naval hospital constructed in 1952 and which operated until 1973. It is now open to the public as a kind of museum, housing the original equipment. The ship has operation rooms, communication equipments, refrigerating chambers and a reinforced hull. It was restored by a group of locals. It was then adapted to become a youth hostel and is one of the city's biggest attractions.
 
* '''Gil Eanes Naval Museum''', on the Dock - A floating naval hospital constructed in 1952 and which operated until 1973. It is now open to the public as a kind of museum, housing the original equipment. The ship has operation rooms, communication equipments, refrigerating chambers and a reinforced hull. It was restored by a group of locals. It was then adapted to become a youth hostel and is one of the city's biggest attractions.
 
* '''Former City Hall''', at the Praça da República (Republic Square) - Built in the 16th century, it is located in the Praça da República. In the facade you can see the coat of arms of the city: a boat and an an armillary sphere.
 
* '''Former City Hall''', at the Praça da República (Republic Square) - Built in the 16th century, it is located in the Praça da República. In the facade you can see the coat of arms of the city: a boat and an an armillary sphere.
* '''Sá Family House''', at the Praça da República (Republic Square) - An ancient building, also in the Praça da República, with a beautiful facade. It was designed by João Lopes, the same architect that designed the fountain in the middle of the square. Each battlement of the facade has a human renaissance figure.
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* '''Sá Family House''', at the Praça da República (Republic Square) - An ancient building, also in the Praça da República, with a beautiful facade. It was projected by João Lopes, the same architect that projected the fountain in the middle of the square. Each battlement of the facade has a human renaissance figure.
 
* '''Fountain at Praça da República''', at the Praça da República (Republic Square) - This granite fountain, richly adorned with carved figures, was built by João Lopes in the 16th century.
 
* '''Fountain at Praça da República''', at the Praça da República (Republic Square) - This granite fountain, richly adorned with carved figures, was built by João Lopes in the 16th century.
* '''Monument to Caramuru and Paraguaçu''' at the Praça da República (Republic Square), was built by Jose Rodrigues in 2009.
 
 
* '''Consistory of Misericórdia''', at the Praça da República (Republic Square) - Situated at the Praça da República, the complex is constituted by the Misericórdia Hospital, with one of the most beautiful renaissance facades in the city, built by João Lopes, and by the Misericórdia Church, remodeled in the 18th century, with beautiful tiles inside.
 
* '''Consistory of Misericórdia''', at the Praça da República (Republic Square) - Situated at the Praça da República, the complex is constituted by the Misericórdia Hospital, with one of the most beautiful renaissance facades in the city, built by João Lopes, and by the Misericórdia Church, remodeled in the 18th century, with beautiful tiles inside.
 
* '''Cathedral''', on the Largo da Matriz - The cathedral is Gothic in style, with Galician influence, and has two large towers. It has a very beautiful interior.  
 
* '''Cathedral''', on the Largo da Matriz - The cathedral is Gothic in style, with Galician influence, and has two large towers. It has a very beautiful interior.  
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==Do==
 
==Do==
 
* '''Beach - ''' most beaches along the coast line have Blue Flag classification and start not more than a 10 minute drive from the city center, so make sure you take your time to enjoy one of the best things the region has to offer. The beach at Cabadelo is also accessible by public transport; ask at the Turismo for the times of the buses, which run several times a day from the bus station. Alternatively, walking there takes about 45 minutes from the city centre. Cross the Limia River on the upper level of the green Eiffel Bridge, then immediately turn right at the roundabout and follow this road to the end.
 
  
 
==Buy==
 
==Buy==
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===Mid-range===
 
===Mid-range===
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* '''Restaurante "O Pescador"''' (Largo de São Domingos, 35,  +351258 826 039 - +351 914 462 301, http://www.opescadorviana.com)
 
* '''Casa D'Armas''', Largo 5 de Outubro, 30, tel. +351-258 824 999. Splendid seafood restaurant on the banks of the river.
 
* '''Casa D'Armas''', Largo 5 de Outubro, 30, tel. +351-258 824 999. Splendid seafood restaurant on the banks of the river.
 
* '''Cozinha das Malheiras''', Rua Gago Coutinho 19, tel. +351-258 823 680. Regional cuisine in historic downtown, famous for its ''rojões'', as well as for its ''cabrito'' (goat) and its seafood.
 
* '''Cozinha das Malheiras''', Rua Gago Coutinho 19, tel. +351-258 823 680. Regional cuisine in historic downtown, famous for its ''rojões'', as well as for its ''cabrito'' (goat) and its seafood.
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* '''Restaurante Camelo''', Rua de Santa Marta 119, Estrada Nacional 202 - Santa Marta de Portuzelo (''on the outskirts of town''), tel. +351-258 839 090. One of the best places to try local cuisine.
 
* '''Restaurante Camelo''', Rua de Santa Marta 119, Estrada Nacional 202 - Santa Marta de Portuzelo (''on the outskirts of town''), tel. +351-258 839 090. One of the best places to try local cuisine.
 
* '''Restaurante Náutico''', Praça da Galiza, tel. +351-258 822 330.
 
* '''Restaurante Náutico''', Praça da Galiza, tel. +351-258 822 330.
* '''Restaurante O Pescador''' (Largo de São Domingos, 35,  +351258 826 039 - +351 914 462 301, http://www.opescadorviana.com)
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===Splurge===
 
===Splurge===
  
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==Get out==
 
==Get out==
 
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| imagesize1=40
 
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| minorl1=
 
| directionr1=E
 
| majorr1=[[Ponte de Lima]]
 
| minorr1=
 
 
| image2=A28.JPG
 
| imagesize2=40
 
| directionl2=N
 
| majorl2=[[Caminha]]
 
| minorl2=
 
| directionr2=S
 
| majorr2=[[Porto]]
 
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| majorl3=END
 
| minorl3=
 
| directionr3=E
 
| majorr3=[[Braga]]
 
| minorr3=[[Ponte de Lima]]
 
}}
 
  
 
{{IsPartOf|Minho}}
 
{{IsPartOf|Minho}}

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