- For other places with the same name, see Verona (disambiguation).
Verona  is a city (pop. ~250,000) in north-eastern Italy's Veneto region.
The city is famous as it is the place where William Shakespeare set his play Romeo and Juliet. Though situated an hour away from the more popular tourist destination, Venice, many people consider Verona a more relaxed, pleasant place to visit. In the year 2000 Verona has become a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its urban structure and architecture.
The true origin of Verona is some kind of mystery. It was probably founded by an early Italic civilization and then conquered by the Romans. In 89 BC the city became a colonia and in 49 BC it became a municipium. The importance of Verona grew rapidly because of its position at the junction of four of the most important Roman ways of that time.
- Verona-Villafranca Airport (IATA: VRN) (ICAO: LIPX), named after Valarie Catullo and thus also referred to as Verona 'Catullo' Airport , is the closest airport to Verona. It is located 12 km southwest of the city.
- A shuttle bus service (operated by ATV) connect Verona's main railway station, Verona Porta Nuova to Verona-Villafranca Airport. As of 2014, a single journey costs €6 and travel time is 15-20 minutes. The service runs from 6 am to 11 pm every day with a frequency of 15 minutes during daytime hours. Tickets can be bought from machines at the airport's bus stop, which is outside the Arrivals Terminal, or directly from the bus driver.
- Budget airlines fly from Brussels (Charleroi), Dublin, London-Gatwick, London-Stansted, Paris-Beauvais, Madrid, Alghero, Palermo, Trapani and Brindisi to Catullo Airport (IATA: VRN) of Verona.
- National carriers fly from Frankfurt, Munich, London-Gatwick, Paris Charles de Gaulle, Rome-Fiumicino ('Leonardo da Vinci') and Moscow.
Alternative airports to Verona-Villafranca are Venice 'Marco Polo' Airport or Treviso Sant'Angelo Airport.
- Although Verona Airport is located next to the junction of two motorways, the north-south A22 (Modena-Brennero and continues into Austria) and the east-west A4 (Milan-Venice), the access road to the Airport is located on Dossobuono's SS62 road, which could be accessed by leaving the A22 north of the A4-A22 Junction.
- Rental car companies have stations at Verona-Villafranca Airport.
- Verona Porta Nuova station is served by regional, high-speed and international services. Trenitalia train services operate to destinations within Italy, such as Milan (Milano Centrale), Venice (Venezia Mestre and Venezia S. Lucia), Turin (Torino Porta Nuova and Torion Porta Susa), Bologna (Bologna Centrale), Florence (Firenze S. Maria Novella), Rome (Roma Termini), Trieste (Trieste Centrale) and Bolzano (Bozen).
- International services by ÖBB (Austrian Federal Railways), DB (Germany's Deutsche Bahn), SBB-CFF-FFS (Swiss Federal Railways) and Thello (Italy's and France's Trenitalia-SNCF night train) operate at Verona Porta Nuova to Vienna (Wien Miedling and Wien West), Munich (München Hbf and München Ost), Innsbruck (Innsbruck Hbf), Geneva (Geneve/Genf), Dijon and Paris (Paris Gare d'Est).
- Luxury tourist train, the Venice-Simplon Oriental Express, operates between Venice and London (London Victoria) via Verona Porta Nuova, Innsbruck and Paris Gare d'Est).
- 1 hour 22 mins from Milan (Milano Centrale) by EuroCity or high-speed Freccia trains [21,00€], or 1 hour 50 mins by Trenitalia RV (Regionale Veloce) [11.00€]
- 1 hour 10 mins from Venice (Venezia Santa Lucia) by EuroCity or high-speed Freccia trains [19,00€], or 1 hour 22 mins by Trenitalia RV (Regionale Veloce) [6,25€], also 2 hours 10 mins by Trenitalia R (Regionale) [6,25€]
- 49 mins from Bologna (Bologna Centrale) by high-speed Freccia [22€] or 1 hour 28 mins by Trenitalia RV (Regionale Veloce) [7,55€]
- 5 hours 20 mins from Munich (München Hbf) by EuroCity [75,80€].
Trenitalia regional (R) trains also call at a smaller station, Verona Porta Vescovo, to the east of Verona Porta Nuova.
Upon arrival at Verona Porta Nuova station, it is 15 minute walk down a long boulevard to reach the centre of town, the Verona Arena (Arena di Verona). Just leave the train station, walk through the bus station and past a triumphant arch and follow the boulevard Corso Porta Nuova till the end.
Bus services in Verona are operated by ATV . The website has English version and up-to-date timetable and ticket information. As of 2014, a single 'urban' ticket (valid for 90 minutes on as many bus connections within Verona's central area) costs €1.30 from ATV's ticket office or any newsagent stores at Verona Porta Nuova station. Buying directly from the bus driver costs €2.00. You can also buy a bus ticket from one of several parking ticket machines scattered around town for €1.10.
Buses 11, 12 or 13 runs (among others) frequently rus between Verona Porta Nuova and the Verona Arena (bus stop: Piazza Bra). Journey time is 10 minutes. Busses 21, 22, 23, 24 and 61 travel from Porta Nuova to Castelvecchio and Porta Borsari.
Verona has a city bike hire scheme. It has a registration cost of either €30 annually, €5 weekly or €2 daily, and is free for 30 minutes, then costs 50c, then 75c for each successive 30 minutes up to one hour, after which the rate goes up. Registration can be done online at https://www.bikeverona.it/
Verona was taken over by the Roman Empire in the First Century AD and many Roman-era ruins have been preserved, notably the Arena (which is in the same style as Rome's Colisseum). Most of the historical sights, however, date from the past 800 years. If you are keen on art history, Verona offers a golden opportunity to see the transition of Western European art from late-Medieval to early-Renaissance styles, with its rich offering of 12-Century churches and art museums.
After the Roman Empire came the Republic of Venice from 853 AD until Napoleon Bonaparte conquered the republic. After the Fall of Napoleon in 1815, the Austrian Empire took over the city until 1866.
Verona's military importance under the Austrians has also left city fortifications and an excellent castle. Look out for architectural details related to the Scaligeri (or della Scala) family, who ruled the city from the 12th to 14th Century: their family emblem is a ladder, which appears across many places around Verona (scala is Italian for 'ladder').
- The Arena, . An enormous, spectacular Roman amphitheatre, crumbling on the outside but still functioning today. It was erected in the 1st Century AD in an elliptical shape, and is the world's third-largest amphitheatre to survive from antiquity. Much of the outer ring was damaged during the earthquake of 1117 but the inner part is still intact. If you can, plan your trip during the Opera season and see a performance in the Arena. Ouside the opera season you can visit it during the day. edit
Juliet's House and Balcony
- Juliet's House (Casa di Giulietta), Via Cappello (just off the Piazza delle Erbe). Supposedly the location of the famous balcony love scene from Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. The house is a major destination for tourist pilgrimage, as the tiny courtyard is normally packed with lovestruck teenagers photographing each other on the famous balcony. In fact, the house has no connection with Shakespeare's fictional characters - although the house is old, the balcony was added in 1936 and declared to be "Juliet's house" to attract tourists. You can visit the house itself (€4 entry) - it contains a sparse collection of Renaissance frescos rescued from other demolished palaces, and the bed from Zeffirelli's 1968 movie, but not a lot more.
The balcony overlooks a tiny courtyard containing a statue of Juliet. There is an unbelievable amount of graffiti and general scrawling on the walls, floor, seats, anything that will hold ink - there is a tradition of writing love messages to Juliet, and visitors leave notes, trinkets and bits of chewing gum fashioned into love hearts. Juliet's house is a popular romantic shrine, but its popularity belies its value; compared to some of the treasures around Verona, Juliet's house has very little to offer. edit
So, if Juliet lived here, what about Romeo? A couple of streets away the house at 4, Via Arche Scaligere has been designated as his home. It is private, so other than a sign on the wall there is nothing much to see.
- Roman amphitheatre (Teatro Romano). Across the river on the hill, in the north-east of the city. edit
- Castle Scaligeri. edit
- Castelvecchio. A 14th-century, red brick, fortified castle on the banks of the river Aldige. The main castle buildings house the city art museum which is packed with a rich collection of medieval sculpture and Renaissance paintings. As well as the museum, the extensive castle ramparts are great for exploring - ideal for families with children who enjoy running around castle fortifications. The Castelvecchio has an adjoining bridge over the river which is open all the time - walk over the bridge for some fantastic views of the castle on the river. edit
- Piazza delle Erbe. Home of the Forum in Roman times this is still a focal point of the city. Contains the 'Britney Verona' fountain, 14th century 'Gardello Tower', and a market that, while picturesque, seems to have become another tourist cliche during its recent refurbishment. edit
- Lamberti's Tower (Torre dei Lamberti). Completed in 1463, this is the tallest of Verona's towers. The unmistakable clock tower looms over the Piazza delle Erbe, and you enter via the palace courtyard. Although there are 238 steps to the top, there is a lift! Views from the top are breathtaking. edit
- Porta Borsari. The remains of a Roman gate, dates to at least the 2nd Century AD, but is almost certainly older. edit
- Giardino Giusti. One of Italy's most important renaissance/mannerist gardens, with grottos, fire-breathing masks carved into the hillside etc. edit
- Verona Cathedral (Duomo di Verona). was built to replace an 8th-century church which was destroyed in the earthquake of 1117. Consecrated in 1187, the church features an ornate marble Romanesque façade by the Veronese architect Nicolò; its pillars are supported by two griffins. Stone reliefs around the door include Biblical scenes. The smaller side door is also worth a look - medieval carvings include Jonah being swallowed by a whale. Inside, the nave has many Gothic alterations, and oil paintings around the side chapels include an Assumption by Titan. The Romanesque baptistery adjoining the chapel of Sant'Elena is preserved, with its exquisite marble font and collection of medieval paintings. edit
- San Giorgetta. A tiny chapel immediately next to San'Anastasia. Easily overlooked, this church s richly decorated with early Renaissance frescoes depicting the walled garden of the Virgin Mary. edit
- Basilica of St Zeno. Located slightly outside the centre. A 10-15 minute walk from the Castellvecchio, but well worth the walk, as it is possibly the richest in devotional artwork and historical preservation in Verona. The church is dedicated to Verona's patron saint, Zeno, a 4th-century North African and a keen fisherman who was ordained Bishop of Verona in 363. Zeno's tomb lies in an atmospheric shrine in the church undercroft, and he is also commemorated with a grinning medieval statue of Zeno in full episcopal robes, dangling a golden fish on the end of a fishing rod. The entrance to the church is graced with a ornate Romanesque façade by Nicolò; like the cathedral, this church was erected after the earthquake of 1117. The church itself was a centre of European pilgrimage for centuries; pilgrims were greeted by huge 10-metre frescoes of St Peter, patron saint of pilgrims. Visitors across the centuries have left their mark - pilgrims happily inscribed graffiti in the frescos, and signatures dating from 1390 survive to this day. There is also graffiti left by the invading Austrians in 1865. edit
- Other significant churches include: Sant' Anastasia, San Lorenzo Maggiore and San Fermo Maggiore
- Castell San Pietro (St Peter's Castle), (across the Ponte Pietra (Peter Bridge)). Climb the steps up the hill above the Roman Amphitheatre to the Castell San Pietro. This former Austrian barracks dates back to the Austrian occupation of the left bank, and while the building is not open to the public, the views from the hill over Verona are spectacular. Go up in the early evening and enjoy a romantic sunset for free! edit
- Roman Theatre. Where theatre performances still take place. It is also the seat of the Archaeological Museum.
- Juliet's Tomb, at the Capuccin Church, which also houses the Antonian Fresco Museum.
- Climb to the top of the Lamberti tower (or take the lift if you are unable).
- Climb the narrow staircase to Castel San Pietro and enjoy the sweeping views over the rooftops
- Shop till you drop on Verona's golden mile.
- Take the Bus 41 for a breathtaking view from S. Maria di Lourdes Sanctuary, placed on the edge of Verona's highest hill.
- Eat gelato in one of Piazza Bra's many bars.
- Wander around Carega block (just ask for 'Carega', close to the Duomo), near Garibaldi Bridge, and experience traditional wine bar and cosy restaurants.
- Take a short walk to Castel San Pietro for a great lookout on the town center.
- In summer see an opera in the Arena, the Roman amphitheater.
- Hire a tourist guide for a guided sightseeing tour or a wine tour in Valpolicella or Soave
- Visit the Christmas markets during your winter holidays
- If you'd rather find your way through the city on your own instead of being guided consider the Verona edition of whaiwhai, . , a series of guidebooks that turn visits to Verona into intriguing treasure hunts. edit
- Go to listen classical music at Filarmonic Theatre, one of the most ancient of Italy.
- Via Mazzini is Verona's golden mile of shopping, taking you between Piazza Bra and Piazza delle Erbe. Most of the major Italian labels are represented, and even if you can't afford them it's great to wander and window shop.
- Corso Porta Borsari is another elegant shopping street in Verona. There are very nice shops, like Lo Scrittorio, an old fashioned shop selling papery and elegant pens and pencils.
- Corso Santa Anastasia, This street is the centre of antiques shops' zone. Narrow streets where you can find authentic masterpieces.
- The Veronese are keen eaters of horse-meat (cavallo), a local specialty. Pastissada de caval, is a dish of braised horse meat, as is Picula de Caval.
- Pizza is not traditionally eaten locally, but pasta dishes feature widely on restaurant menus. Try Pizzocheri (buckwheat pasta with cheese and sage), casoncelli (a type of ravioli) or bigoli (thick spaghetti).
- Casoela is a pork casserole, and a bollito misto is a mixture of boiled meats, usually served with pearà, a local sauce then you can find only in Verona.
- Al Carro Armato ('Armoured Car' – Leonardo's, not Mussolini's), Vicolo Gatto, 2, +39 045 803 0175 · carroarmato.it – This is a charmingly atmospheric and good value restaurant/wine bar in the 'ancient canteen' style with shared tables and paper place mats. Food is authentically Veronan but unpretentious. There is an enormous, equally good value wine list, which can however rise to meet all budgets.
- Cat Alley is not entirely easy to find. Best to face the (nominal) west front of S. Anastasia on via Massalongo and then turn right towards v. Trotta. Vicolo Gatto is a few tens of yards down on the left. There is also an entrance on Via Massalongo itself. Opera goers should note the late opening times. Highly recommended, but it helps if you can speak Italian. Not that they're stuck up about trying to understand one, they're not Venetians after all.
- Al' Duomo, Via Duomo 7, tel: 045 800 4505. Excellent family-run restaurant, just next to the Cathedral ((as its name suggests). It's popular with the local Veronese (a good sign) and with a menu full of traditional local specialities. You'll find this is a good place to blend in with the local scene, and has welcoming staff who will help you with unfamiliar items on the menu. On Wednesdays, Al' Duomo plays host to a local mandolin ensemble, so if you're on a traditional music tour, put this on your list. As it's a popular place, booking is advised. Menus are not overpriced, about €15-20 a head (plus wine).
- Osteria Pigna, Via Pigna 4/b tel: 045 800 4080.Great restaurant with a truly authentic feel. Not far from the Duomo this restaurant offers an excellent service and it is recognized as a great place to eat by the locals. They have a choice of 6 day menus dishes ranging from 10-12 EUR wine, water and coffee included. The food is excellent and service impeccable.
Avoid the hordes of tourists in Piazza Bra and head to Piazza delle Erbe. At least slightly more genuine, this Piazza has a number of good bars where you can sit and enjoy a coffee or aperitivo in the sun. Great for your coffee in the morning and your drinks into the evening.
- Caffè Borsari (formerly "Tubino"), Corso Porta Borsari 15, is a small roaster that serves the best coffee in town. MAny Veronese buy freshly ground coffee here. The Viennese cappuccino (with whipped cream) is a must.
- Rain, Via Stella 13A. Be sure to check out Verona's newest wine bar and jazz club. Located in the heart of Verona, this bar provides a great atmosphere to enjoy a glass of wine, nibble on some food, and listen to great music. The owners, brothers Giuseppe and Riccardo Zambelli Rain, provide visitors the warmth that one expects in Italy. Giuseppe (you can call him Joe) is fluent in English. Ask for him if you have any questions about the area.
- Rossa di Verona is a local beer with an unique taste served only in the city of Verona and close surroundings. It can not be found in supermarkets, but many restaurants in Verona sell it. A must-try for beer lovers!
Verona is frequented annually by millions of tourists, so you'll be able to choose among a lot of different accommodation options, all a lot cheaper than nearby Venice. However it is essential to have booked hotel accommodation on days when the annual arena opera performances fdsa are taking place. Turn up on spec or late and it is possible to find every bed in the city taken.
In the city you'll find famous luxurious hotels, such as Due Torri or Accademia. In the nearby province there are a lot of enchanting small B&B and holiday farms.
There are three youth hostels in Verona, all of which are within walking distance of the town centre and a short bus ride from the main train station (Porta Nuova). A tourist map, available from the station's tourist information centre, will point you to their locations. The northeasternmost hostel of the trio, near Piazza Isolo (regular buses from Porta Nuova has a stunning converted Renaissance complex complete with porticoes, verandas and a huge forested garden, dorm beds for only €15 per person, with a passable breakfast included.
Also consider several small bed and breakfasts in the immediate province, after all a car rental for 30 € / day and a substantial saving on the nightly fee is an acceptable turnaround. Especially if you need the car to visit the surroundings.
There is also a campsite Campeggio Castel San Pietro with spectacular views over the city and about 15 minutes walk from the centre. Peaceful, lowbudget, luxuriant vegetation. Also cabins and tents-for-rent offered. Via Castel San Pietro, 2 - tel/fax +39 045592037 www.campingcastelsanpietro.com  E-mail: [email protected]
Verona's Hotel list available on www.listaviaggi.com 
- Il Ghiro B&B, Via Negrelli 21 (Verona Centre), ☎ +39 329 4959620 ([email protected]), . A few minutes walking from Railway station and from the Arena, just 15 minutes driving from the highway exits Verona Nord or Verona Sud, with free parking; all touristic attractions in a walking distance. Two coloured and cozy double rooms. English and German spoken. Price for 1 DBL: Euro 60.00/night with breakfast, free Wi-Fi and parking.. edit
- B&B Sommavalle, Via Marsala, 93, tel.:+39 348 8101844 (Fax: +39 045 8344343, E-mail: [email protected]),  Peaceful, lowbudget, spacious Bed&Breakfast, just 15mins by walk to the city center, surrounded by nature. Huge rooms around 60 EUR.
- Agriturismo Sommavalle, Via Sommavalle 9/a, tel.:+39 346.140.4242 - (Fax. +39 045.835.0502, Email: [email protected]', . Located in the Torricelle suburb north of Verona, 4Km from the historical center; it occupies a sunny and panoramic area on the southern side of a hill about 300mt above sea level. It can be easily reached by car or with the urban bus service. Reaching the train station (Verona Porta Nuova) will take about 20 minutes by car. Beautiful rooms around 70 EUR.
- Ca Vendramin apartment, Via Dietro Filippini 2, Verona, . Located in the quiet Filippini area, next the Arena (at five minutes walking). Rates from €40€ per person edit
- B&B Mambrotta (Agriturismo Verona Mambrotta), via Case Nove 3, ☎ +39 329.2322572 ([email protected], fax: +39 045.8820029), . B&B Mambrotta, located 14 Km from the center of Verona. The Bed and Breakfast is situated only 2 minutes from autostrada A4 VERONA EST exit, in a quiet and wonderful environment of Venetian plain, in Mambrotta village. It's only 20 minutes by car to Opera of Arena of Verona and to Soave town, it's only 18 minutes by car to Verona fair show and exhibitions . edit
- Veronesi La Torre Airport Hotel, Via Monte Baldo 22, Dossobuono di Villafranca, ☎ +39 0458604811, . Located next to Verona’s Airport (Valerio Catullo). Veronesi La Torre is a former monastery renovated to a 4 star hotel. Features 78 hotel rooms. Rates from €94 edit
- Grand Hotel Verona – Corso Porta Nuova, 105 - Cap: 37122, Verona, Italy. . Telephone +39 045 595600 • Fax +39 045 596385. An elegant aristocratic building decorated with paintings and sculptures of some of best Italian artist of the 20th century, for this luxury four star hotel of Verona. From the Grand Hotel one can easily reach by walk the famous Arena and the other monuments of the historic centre of Verona.
- Hotel Gardenia, Via Unità d'Italia, 350 (San Michele Extra - VR), tel.: +39 45 972122 (Fax: +39 45 8920157, E-mail: [email protected]), . High quality service with rooms from around €80.
- Hotel Italia Verona – Via Gofreddo Mameli, 58 - Cap: 37216, Verona, Italy. . Telephone +39 045 918088 • Fax +39 045 8348028. Thanks to its large meeting room, restaurant and comfortable position close to the Central Train Station and the city centre of Verona, this excellent and economic three star hotel is one of the best accommodations for both business travellers and holiday makers coming to Verona, the romantic city of Romeo and Juliet.
- Hotel Montemezzi, Via Verona, 92, tel: +39 045.7363566 fax: +39 045.7364888, .
- Agriturismo Ca' del Ferro, located 15Km from the heart of Verona, this bed and breakfast (country house) is ideal to relax and enjoy home made jams, cakes and muffins for breakfast! Rooms are very cosy and spacious and the owner is very helpful and friendly. You need to have a car though to reach it and move around, but it's conveniently located if you want to travel around Veneto or if you are thinking of staying in Verona for 1 or two weeks. Single rooms at €45-€50 and double rooms from €75. They all have private beautiful coloured bathrooms .
- *Hotel Siena, Via Marconi, 41, tel:+39 045.8003074 fax:+39 045.8002182 
- Delo Relais is a charming farmhouse a few kilometers away from Verona city center in the Veneto hills. The property features 4 standard rooms, 2 junior suites and 2 suites. Price range: from Euro 130 up to Euro 200. Open all year. Delo - 37141 Verona - Tel +39 045 4858380 / Fax +39 045 4858395 mail:[email protected] 
- Hotel Postumia (Hotel Postumia), Via Cavour, 71 - Dossobuono (Verona), ☎ +39 0458600671, . edit
- Verona Hotel CTC Hotel Verona Via Monte Pastello, 28 - 37057, San Giovanni Lupatoto (VR) - Tel: 045 875 4111
- Gardaland Resort Hotel, Via Palu’ 1, Castelnuovo del Garda 37014, Verona, Italy, ☎ +39-045-6404000 ([email protected], fax: +39-045-6404444). The official Gardaland theme park hotel, located on the shores of Lake Garda.> edit
The surrounding area around Verona offers access to some of Italy's most spectacular scenery - to the north you have rolling hills with vineyards and small towns, to the west the Lake Garda (Lago di Garda).
- Drive to the nearby valley Valpolicella, famous for its renowned Amarone, Recioto and valpolicella wines as well as for its ancient villas.
- Lake Garda can be easily reached from Verona for a day trip. Buses run by APTV (the regional bus company) leave from Porta Nuova - catch a 62-64 bus in the morning from the railway station or from Corso Porta Nuova (the boulevard just south of Piazza Bra). It takes about 2-3 hours, depending on lakeside traffic (which can be heavy), to reach pretty towns of Malcesine or Torbole. Get a timetable (orario) from the tourist office or from APTV transport website  (Lake Garda is in Zone C). Tickets can be bought from the tobacco shop down the road or on the bus.