Difference between revisions of "Uzhhorod"
Revision as of 11:44, 14 March 2010
Uzhhorod (Ukrainian, Russian: Ужгород, Hungarian: Ungvár, German: Ushhorod) is a city in Western Ukraine, the administrative center of Zakarpatska Oblast (Transcarpthian Region). Its population is 120,000 people.
Uzhhorod is the administrative center of the youngest region in Ukraine - Transcarpathia, which was annexed to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1945. Until that it was part of Czechoslovakia and before 1919 it was Hungarian. The population of Uzhhorod is multiethnic. The nmajority of the natives are Ukrainian, but there are a lot of Russins (immigrated here after World War II), Hungarians, Slovaks, Germans, Jews and Gypsies. A foreigner has to be very patient with the natives, because some of them will be glad to help you, but some might like to make your life tougher. Anyway, Uzhhorod is a very interesting place to visit because the cultures cross here.
Uzhhorod has a very small airport (IATA code - UDJ). There are flights only to or from Kiev, Simferopol and Moscow. There are plans to close the airport in a few years.
Uzhgorod has railway lines going north towards Lviv, and south towards Chop. There are no direct lines to Slovakia. The center of railway transportation in Transcarpathia is Chop; it has dual-gauge rails going into Slovakia and Hungary, a railway going into Southern Transcarpathia, and a main line going towards Stryi/Lviv that connects one with the rest of the Eastern Europe.
To/From Slovakia: there is a single border crossing train running twice a day between Cierna nad Tisou to Chop. Additionally, It is possible to get a train directly between Chop and Bratislava and Vienna for around 20 euros.
To/From Hungary: there are trains running between Zahony (Hungarian Border Crossing) and further westward to Niryeghaza and Budapest.
To/From Moldova: Impossible by railway in Transcarpahia; one must take a train directly to Chernivtsi, and from Chernitvsti there is a train going to Moldova.
To/From Romania: there are railway border crossings from Solotivno and one other place.
In general: it's best to consult Ukraine's railway web page, which is a relational database and allows anyone to examine the schedule of both a route AND a station simply by clicking on it. The web site for Uzhgorod station can be found here: [here http://www.uz.gov.ua/index.php?m=services.transppl.ScheduleOra&f=ScheduleOra.Stan&lng=uk title].
The newly renovated M06 highway connects Kiev with Budapest and runs through Uzhhorod. Driving from the direction of Budapest (Chop) you need to go straight after Rizivka through Mynay. If you Drive from the direction of Kiev (Mukachevo), you need to turn right after Rozivka. The road from Rizivka-Mynay will take you as far as Zakarpattia Hotel (the city's largest hotel) and then Petofi Square in downtown.
There are daily buses from the Hungarian Nyiregyhaza, from Slovakian Kosice, Michalovce, from Polish Krakow and from Kiev and Lviv.