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Secondary roads are passable, but beware: certain zones can be full of potholes and you must treat them with extra care, or avoid them entirely. Roads between villages are often little more than dirt tracks and not metalled.  
 
Secondary roads are passable, but beware: certain zones can be full of potholes and you must treat them with extra care, or avoid them entirely. Roads between villages are often little more than dirt tracks and not metalled.  
  
Road works have been ongoing, but the quality of the roads is shy of [[Western Europe]] (with the exception of [[Kyiv]]).
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Road works have been ongoing, but the quality of the roads is shy of [[Western Europe]] (with the exception of [[Kiev]]).
  
 
The lighting in small towns and rural areas is poor or not-existing, so it's better avoid night driving, especially on secondary roads.
 
The lighting in small towns and rural areas is poor or not-existing, so it's better avoid night driving, especially on secondary roads.
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===By bus===
 
===By bus===
  
There are two major bus companies that run buses from all of the major cities to and from Kyiv: they are [http://en.autolux.ua/Main Avtolux], and [http://www.gunsel.ua/ Gunsel]. Prices run about  UAH200-220 (USD20-27) for service to [[Dnipro]] and [[Kharkiv]]. The major advantage that the bus service has, is that it leaves from Boryspil [http://skybuskiev.com/en/index.html] and stops in [[Kyiv]], so if your destination is not [[Kyiv]], its easier then taking a bus to the Main Passenger Railway Station [http://skybuskiev.com/en/kiev.html] in [[Kyiv]]. They are standard coach buses, serve cold drinks and tea, show movies, and make a stop about every 3-4 hours. Buses [http://etransport.com.ua/ticket.html] run every few hours.
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There are two major bus companies that run buses from all of the major cities to and from Kiev: they are [http://en.autolux.ua/Main Avtolux], and [http://www.gunsel.ua/ Gunsel]. Prices run about  UAH200-220 (USD20-27) for service to [[Dnipro]] and [[Kharkiv]]. The major advantage that the bus service has, is that it leaves from Boryspil [http://skybuskiev.com/en/index.html] and stops in [[Kiev]], so if your destination is not [[Kyiv]], its easier then taking a bus to the Main Passenger Railway Station [http://skybuskiev.com/en/kiev.html] in [[Kiev]]. They are standard coach buses, serve cold drinks and tea, show movies, and make a stop about every 3-4 hours. Buses [http://etransport.com.ua/ticket.html] run every few hours.
  
 
VIP bus to and from [[Odesa]] that has nice leather seats and is more less non-stop. It departs once a day, takes four hours or so both to and from [[Kyiv]] and costs about 200-260 UAH (2014).
 
VIP bus to and from [[Odesa]] that has nice leather seats and is more less non-stop. It departs once a day, takes four hours or so both to and from [[Kyiv]] and costs about 200-260 UAH (2014).
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==Talk==
 
==Talk==
  
Ukrainian is the official language. Near the neighbouring countries, [[Romanian phrasebook|Romanian]], [[Polish phrasebook|Polish]], Belarusian, Hungarian and [[Russian phrasebook|Russian]] are spoken.  
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Ukrainian is the official language. Near the neighbouring countries, , [[Romanian phrasebook|Romanian]], [[Polish phrasebook|Polish]], Belarusian, Hungarian and [[Russian phrasebook|Russian]] are spoken.  
  
Ukraine has only one transliteration system to represent English-spelling names. It is used by all major English speaking countries and international organizations (like for example United Nations or NATO). Kyiv, Odesa, Kharkiv are correct spellings for sometimes used KIEv/OdeSSa/KharkOv. This mostly happens because of Russian several-century propaganda and forced Russification of Ukraine. As for internet today, way more Russian-speaking internet users actively use wrong 'Kiev' version, other Russian speakers in Ukraine do follow that as well. Wikipedia policy (as source that many people consider as genuine) actively blocks all mentions of `Kyiv` and other correct spellings, prevents already renamed in May 2016 city Dnipropetrovsk to be changed to official name Dnipro. A lot is made as part of war against Ukraine by Russian professiional users and government who overuse rights of administrators on Wikipedia. This distortion affects other foreigners and creates sometimes 4-5 different names of the same geographical object used in the internet. Official and the only correct names may be found here, in Ukrainian law which preserves the most proper spelling: http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/55-2010-%D0%BF or on U.S. Board Of Geographical Names website. Ukraine is actively fighting Russification and implements decomunization laws.
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Ukraine has only one system of transliteration to represent English-spelling names. It is used by all major English speaking countries and international organizations (like for example United Nations or NATO). Kyiv, Odesa, Kharkiv are correct spelling for sometimes used KIEv/OdeSSa/KharkOv. This mostly happens because of Russian several century propaganda and forced Russification of Ukraine. As for internet today, way more Russian-speaking internet users actively use wrong Kiev (from spelling of Russian language), Russian speakers in Ukraine do follow that as well. Wikipedia policy (as source that many people find as genuine) actively blocks all mentions of `Kyiv` and other correct spellings, prevents already renamed in May 2016 city Dnipropetrovsk to be changed to official name Dnipro. A lot is made as part of war against Ukraine by Russian users who overuse rights of administrators in Wikipedia. This distortion affects other foreigners and creates sometimes 4-5 different names of the same geographical object used in the internet. Official and the only correct way to get name may be found here, in Ukrainian law which preserves the most proper spelling: http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/55-2010-%D0%BF or on U.S. Board Of Geographical Names website.
  
 
In the eastern parts and especially Crimea, Russian is the most commonly spoken language. In the central and eastern parts of the country, you may also find people using these two languages simultaneously (so called surzhyk—mix of languages). It is also common for people to talk to others in their native language, irrespective of the interlocutor’s one, so a visitor speaking Russian may be responded to in Ukrainian and vice versa due to their extremely high level of mutual intelligiblity. In Crimea there is also a nourished community of speakers of Crimean Turkish; a Turkic language closely related to Turkish, Turkmen and Azeri.
 
In the eastern parts and especially Crimea, Russian is the most commonly spoken language. In the central and eastern parts of the country, you may also find people using these two languages simultaneously (so called surzhyk—mix of languages). It is also common for people to talk to others in their native language, irrespective of the interlocutor’s one, so a visitor speaking Russian may be responded to in Ukrainian and vice versa due to their extremely high level of mutual intelligiblity. In Crimea there is also a nourished community of speakers of Crimean Turkish; a Turkic language closely related to Turkish, Turkmen and Azeri.
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It is a good idea to familiarize yourself with the Cyrillic alphabet to save you a lot of time and difficulty. Nearly of signs are in Ukrainian.
 
It is a good idea to familiarize yourself with the Cyrillic alphabet to save you a lot of time and difficulty. Nearly of signs are in Ukrainian.
  
* See also: [[Ukrainian phrasebook]]
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* see: [[Ukrainian phrasebook]]; [[Russian phrasebook]]
  
 
==See==
 
==See==

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