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{{pagebanner|Banner_Uzice.jpg}}
  
Between the high hills,  in the valley of Djetinja river at the altitude of 411 meters Užice is situated – geographical and natural center of Užice area, as administrative, commercial and cultural center of Zlatibor Region. Užice is one of the biggest settlements on the railway Beograd – Bar.
 
  
Užice is the municipality center consisting of 31 settlements spread in the area of 667 km2. According to the statistics from 2002, there were 83.022 inhabitants.
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'''Uzice''' is a city in [[Serbia]].
  
Taking into account the material remains; the area of Užice was inhabited since pre-historical times. The findings of Neolithic period have been found in large number of localities (cave Megara in southern part of Stapari village, Potpećka Pećina in the village of Potpeć).
+
==Understand==
 +
[[Image:R001-002-1.jpg|thumb|Uzice]]
 +
Uzice has a very attractive setting, in a limestone gorge, with red-roofed houses spreading up the hillsides. It gained attention during World War II, when it was the first city liberated by the Partisan resistance forces from the Nazi occupation. For a few months, Josip Broz Tito (later the ruler of Yugoslavia) created an independent state called the Republic of Uzice. Though the Nazi's retook the area, Tito remembered Uzice and poured money into the city after the war. For a while, it was called Titovo Uzice. Today, the remnants from the Republic of Uzice are housed in the city museum, and there is still a lot of city pride toward the resistance movement. There is quite a lot of history in Uzice and tremendous natural beauty only a short day trip away. It is also very affordable.
  
At the end of XII century Užice and its suburbs joined Nemanja’s Medieval Feudal State, which is proved by the charter from Studenica Monastery issued in the year of 1196.
+
==Get in==
  
The first significant mentioning of Užice was found in the document from Dubrovnik Archive, dated 9th October 1329.
+
===By bus===
 +
Best way to get in is by bus from Belgrade. There are also other buses from other cities like Kragujevac and also from Sarajevo and Montenegro.
 +
Buses run to and from most major cities out of Uzice.
  
By the mid XIV century the wider part of Užice was under the reign of Vojislav Vojinović, and after his death, the sovereignty was taken by Nikola Altomanović. By broadening his territory and power, he endangered Dubrovnik, Governor of Bosnian Banovina, Tvrtko and the Prince Duke Lazar. By joined forces Prince Duke Lazar and Bosnian Tvrtko seized Nikola Altomanović in 1373 and made him blind. Since that day Užice Region had become part of the country of Lazar the Prince Duke.
+
===By train===
 +
There are five trains a day from Belgrade which run as modern EMUs from Belgrade's central station (Beograd Centar) and take around 3 1/2 hours and one Intercity train IC Tara with classic loco hauled rolling stock(unfortunately as a rule all cars are climatised and windows don't open, if there is a dining car it has opening windows)departing from Topcider station. Timetable information available here on the [http://www.srbvoz.rs/eng/timetable.html Serbian Railways] website.  
  
After the decline of Serbian Despotic State  it was conquered by the Turks. In XVI century Užice was the headquarters of Nahi and Qadi, and during XVII century it has become significant cultural and craftsmen center.
+
The train and bus stations are adjacent, south of the river, just a few minutes walk to the centre. There is a useful map (ariel view) of the town at the train station, from which you can find your way to the Tourist Information Office (closes at 4pm).
  
During Austro-Turkish Wars, by the end of XVII and XVIII centuries, the city has become an important military base, and during the times of The First Serbian Uprising the very important military and strategic place. Serbian uprisings liberated the city of Užice in 1805, and soon after that in 1807 the fort was liberated. Užice has become very important uprising center. After the defeat of The First Serbian Uprising in 1813, it fell into Turkish hands again. Užice was finally liberated in 1862.
+
==By air==
 +
The local airport Uzice-Ponikve airport is for very small airplanes, with flights to Nis and Belgrade.
  
According to the first preserved statistics on population after the Turkish emigration, there were 3163 citizens in Užice. By approval of Urban Plan in 1871, its intensive development started. The town was economically empowered, the crafts and commerce flourished, the guilds were founded.
+
==Get around==
 +
The best way to get around is walking, but taxis are another relatively low-cost option.
  
On the 3rd of May in 1899, the King Aleksandar Obrenović placed the first cornerstone for the water plant on Djetinja River. The city got electrification on 2nd of August 1900, and in May of 1901 the Wavering Workshop started with its experimental work. Developing industry and merchandise, made positive conditions for the foundation of the first banks: Citizen bank (1884), Commercial Bank (1908) and Cooperative Credit Bank of Užice (1911).
+
==See==
  
Telegraph was installed in 1860, and the first telephone in 1904.
+
'''Hotel Zlatibor''' Hotel Zlatibor is one of the landmarks of the city, named after the nearby mountains Zlatibor. The brutalist building was designed by the modernist architect Svetlana Kana Radević and constructed in the city center. Construction took place in the late 70s and 80s; officially was opened on 24. September 1981.
  
Patriotic, cultural and sport associations were founded by the end of XIX and the beginning of XX century: Home Reserve, Cavalry Association “Knez Mihailo”, Archery Club  “Napredak”, Choral Group “Zlatiborska Vila”, Gym Club “Dušan Silni” and many others.
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'''The Old Town''' (Fortress and Ruins) lie on a rocky cliff that separates the river bed of the Djetinja from where it flows out of the gorge into the valley. The fortification was built on a high cliff, and it is difficult to access because the Djetinja River surrounds it on all three sides. It can be accessed by bus or by foot, also known as Stari Grad.
  
After the end of Balkan wars and the First World War, the industry and production were soon restored in Užice. The Industry for Hide Processing in Vrela was founded, railcars workshop, and finally, in the year 1928 the arms factory by Jakov Pošinger from Slovenia was moved to Užice (today it is “Prvi Partizan”-Ammunition Factory) The old banks were renewed, and some of the new were founded: Bank of Commerce, Market Bank of Užice and Užice Regional Bank. The railways and roads network developed: railways Užice - Vardište, road Užice - Kraljeve Vode on Zlatibor, road Užice – Kadinjača - Bajna Bašta.
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'''The Old Church''' in Uzice sits in the town centre, in the area known as Carina. The church was mentioned for the first time in the third decade of the 18th century as a small church-wattle house. It was built in the style of wooden churches and placed in the Serbian section of the town in the past, as Stari Grad was the Turkish area.  
  
During the period of the Second World War 1941-1945, Užice was the center of significant historical moments (Republic of Užice).
+
'''The National Museum of Uzice''' is in two separate buildings, which were built just before the Second World War as a National Bank. The museum was founded in 1947 with the mission of collecting and studying the cultural and political history of the town. Well worth a visit and by staying at Eco Hostel Republik will give you a free access. The museum also holds the biggest statue of Tito ever made located in the back yard, which was set in place right before the war.
  
After the Second World War, Užice slowly developed and has become a great commercial and cultural center of Western Serbia. There are Primary Schools, High Schools and Teacher’s College, National Theatre, National Museum, Historical Archives, City Gallery and National Library.
+
'''The Grammar School''', built in 1838, was the first indication of that Uzice craftsmen and merchants wanted to advance the education system in the town. It is made in the style of academic realism.
 +
 
 +
'''The beach''' on the Djetinja River is both a promenade and, in the summer time, a swimming area. Be careful, though, as the water is quite cold. You can also rent kayaks or paddle boats for very little cost.
 +
 
 +
'''The Hydroelectric Power Plant''' is located on the Djetinja River, at the bottom of the Užice Old Town. It was made in 1900 and is one of the symbols of the town of Užice. It was the first electrical plant in Serbia made according to Tesla’s principles of an alternating current. The main Square used to hold the statue of Tito until the war.
 +
 
 +
'''The Old Tunnels''' is located on the Djetinja River, in between the Tesla Hydroelectric Power Plant going up the stairs on the rights side of the river, if you have a bicycle there is a lift on the left side of the river. You will find the tunnels where the old train system used to connect Belgrade with Dubrovnik passing by Užice. Today you can walk the tunnels and on the way you will find a old Yugoslavian dam.
 +
 
 +
'''Main Square''' is located right downtown, it holds the library, the  Užice Theater and right in front of it there is the Zlatibor Hotel (not working at the moment) which was built in in the shape of a rocket in a brutalist style in the 70˙s during the Yugoslavian times.
 +
 
 +
==Do==
 +
'''Walk around''' and see the sights of Uzice. You can do this on your own or you can go on a free walking tour with Eco Hostel Republik (until recently the only one in town).
 +
 
 +
'''Zipline Stari Grad ''' One of the main attractions in Užice among locals and travelers is the Zipline Start Grad, a unique line that goes over the canyon and pass right next to the medieval fortress which was build in the 14th century. Cost 10 Euros and guest from the EcoHostel get 10% discount.
 +
 
 +
'''Drink''' a beer, a coffee or a rakia in a cafe along the river.
 +
 
 +
'''Rent a kayak or paddle boat''' and relax on the water.
 +
 
 +
'''Go on a day trip''' and see the lovely mountains around Uzice. You can take a bus or rent a car. Užice is also a base to visit National Parks like Uvac and Tara.
 +
Mokra Gora (Kusturica`s village) is also reachable by public transportation, taxi or on a tour.
 +
 
 +
And if you are between he ages of 13 to 99, you can '''go to the techno clubs'''. There are many around, and if you don't know which is best, just ask around or ask a taxi driver. Skala happens to be the most popular one
 +
 
 +
==Buy==
 +
'''A house'''. Locals say that Uzice is one of the most laid back and easy going towns in whole of Europe. (And one of the most affordable.)
 +
 
 +
'''Food.''' A slice of Caprichos (ham and mushroom pizza) is only 140 Dinars, and it's not that much more for a chevapi, a burek or a komplet lepinjia (only found in Western Serbia).
 +
 
 +
'''A book'''. Uzice has a nice bookstore with English translations of writers such as Ivo Andrich.
 +
 
 +
==Eat==
 +
 
 +
The best thing to eat might be '''Burek''', pastry with meat and cheese that can be bought from vendors all over town.
 +
 
 +
Another specialty is '''Komplet Lepinjia''', a pita with cheese, egg and sauce.
 +
 
 +
Western Serbia is also well-known for '''Kaymak''', a thick creamy cheese with a rich taste.
 +
 
 +
For veggies and meant such as prochuto and bacon the local market in front of the museum is the place to get them and is very affordable.
 +
 
 +
==Drink==
 +
Beer types vary from smaller Serbian beers to the big American brands. The best thing to drink is rakia, a strong fruit brandy that is regarded as Serbia's national drink.
 +
 
 +
Because of the low cost, a beer at a club or bar will cost you the equivalent of one euro or so.
 +
 
 +
==Sleep==
 +
[[Image:Uzice Zlatibor Hotel.JPG|thumb|Hotel Zlatibor]]
 +
 
 +
There are two potential accommodations in Uzice.
 +
 
 +
The first option is the '''Hotel Zlatibor''', a brutalist concrete tower right in the centre of town. It was built in the early 1960s. The interior is quite dim and feels a little haunted. One night will cost between 20-25 euros.
 +
 
 +
The second is '''Eco Hostel Republik''', a new modern hostel with with shared and private rooms. It's located on Zele Durica 34 just five minutes away from the centre of the town. It has a garden, a kitchen, a large common room and a terrace with couches. They can also arrange trips for you around the city and to the surrounding countryside. Cost is about 10 euro. Recommended. [http://www.republik.rs "Eco Hostel Republik" Website]
 +
 
 +
==Get out==
 +
'''Mokra Gora''' is a quaint village located in the picturesque area on the border of Tara National Park. You can ride on the Sargan Eight railway, a narrow gauge railroad (heritage railroad) that connects from Mokra Gora to the nearby Sargan station. It is very scenic and costs only 600 dinar.
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Mokra_Gora_wooden_village.jpg|thumb|Mokra Gora wooden village]]
 +
 
 +
'''Tara National Park''' is mountainous nature preserve with a great diversity of flora and fauna. You can check out the "meaders" from a lookout point, go hiking on the many trails, or watch for the griffons or many other birds. The air is also very fresh.  Hostel Tara Hikking Center is in the middle of the park and offers free guidance and maps for the trails at backpacker prices.
 +
 
 +
'''Zlatibor''' is well-known for its beautiful mountains, its clean air and its excellent ski slopes during the winter. Even today it is still used as a respiratory spa because of its fresh air. In the summer, there are many walking paths and even a new bobsled ride.
 +
 
 +
'''Visegrad''' is a small city just across the border in Bosnia. The bridge in Visegrad was immortalized by Nobel Prize-winning author Ivo Andric in his book “Bridge over Drina,” and it is the main tourist attraction in this small Bosnian town. Rising above the emerald green waters of the Drina River, the bridge has eleven stone arches and can be seen from below on a tourist boat.
 +
 
 +
'''Stopica Cave''' is famous river cave known for its "bigren" tubs. There is also a waterfall close by known as The Source of Life.
 +
 
 +
'''Studenica Monastery''' is perhaps the best monastery in all of Serbia. It has very well-preserved frescoes and impressive architecture, and is surrounded by nature. It was built in 1190 and is an important monument to Serbian heritage. There is also a dormitory where you can stay.
 +
 
 +
'''Rujno Monastery''' is located in the village of Vrutci on the banks of the lake that supplies water for Uzice. Serbia’s first book was printed in this monastery. The Rujno monastery can be reached by going from Uzice to Biosci and, a few kilometers before the village, turning into the village of Vrutci. After a few hundred meters in Vrutci, go to the right of Rujno Monastery. All turns are marked.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{{outline}}
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{{isIn|Podrinje}}
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 +
[[WikiPedia:Uzice]]

Latest revision as of 10:36, 7 November 2020


Uzice is a city in Serbia.

Understand[edit]

Uzice

Uzice has a very attractive setting, in a limestone gorge, with red-roofed houses spreading up the hillsides. It gained attention during World War II, when it was the first city liberated by the Partisan resistance forces from the Nazi occupation. For a few months, Josip Broz Tito (later the ruler of Yugoslavia) created an independent state called the Republic of Uzice. Though the Nazi's retook the area, Tito remembered Uzice and poured money into the city after the war. For a while, it was called Titovo Uzice. Today, the remnants from the Republic of Uzice are housed in the city museum, and there is still a lot of city pride toward the resistance movement. There is quite a lot of history in Uzice and tremendous natural beauty only a short day trip away. It is also very affordable.

Get in[edit]

By bus[edit]

Best way to get in is by bus from Belgrade. There are also other buses from other cities like Kragujevac and also from Sarajevo and Montenegro. Buses run to and from most major cities out of Uzice.

By train[edit]

There are five trains a day from Belgrade which run as modern EMUs from Belgrade's central station (Beograd Centar) and take around 3 1/2 hours and one Intercity train IC Tara with classic loco hauled rolling stock(unfortunately as a rule all cars are climatised and windows don't open, if there is a dining car it has opening windows)departing from Topcider station. Timetable information available here on the Serbian Railways website.

The train and bus stations are adjacent, south of the river, just a few minutes walk to the centre. There is a useful map (ariel view) of the town at the train station, from which you can find your way to the Tourist Information Office (closes at 4pm).

By air[edit]

The local airport Uzice-Ponikve airport is for very small airplanes, with flights to Nis and Belgrade.

Get around[edit]

The best way to get around is walking, but taxis are another relatively low-cost option.

See[edit][add listing]

Hotel Zlatibor Hotel Zlatibor is one of the landmarks of the city, named after the nearby mountains Zlatibor. The brutalist building was designed by the modernist architect Svetlana Kana Radević and constructed in the city center. Construction took place in the late 70s and 80s; officially was opened on 24. September 1981.

The Old Town (Fortress and Ruins) lie on a rocky cliff that separates the river bed of the Djetinja from where it flows out of the gorge into the valley. The fortification was built on a high cliff, and it is difficult to access because the Djetinja River surrounds it on all three sides. It can be accessed by bus or by foot, also known as Stari Grad.

The Old Church in Uzice sits in the town centre, in the area known as Carina. The church was mentioned for the first time in the third decade of the 18th century as a small church-wattle house. It was built in the style of wooden churches and placed in the Serbian section of the town in the past, as Stari Grad was the Turkish area.

The National Museum of Uzice is in two separate buildings, which were built just before the Second World War as a National Bank. The museum was founded in 1947 with the mission of collecting and studying the cultural and political history of the town. Well worth a visit and by staying at Eco Hostel Republik will give you a free access. The museum also holds the biggest statue of Tito ever made located in the back yard, which was set in place right before the war.

The Grammar School, built in 1838, was the first indication of that Uzice craftsmen and merchants wanted to advance the education system in the town. It is made in the style of academic realism.

The beach on the Djetinja River is both a promenade and, in the summer time, a swimming area. Be careful, though, as the water is quite cold. You can also rent kayaks or paddle boats for very little cost.

The Hydroelectric Power Plant is located on the Djetinja River, at the bottom of the Užice Old Town. It was made in 1900 and is one of the symbols of the town of Užice. It was the first electrical plant in Serbia made according to Tesla’s principles of an alternating current. The main Square used to hold the statue of Tito until the war.

The Old Tunnels is located on the Djetinja River, in between the Tesla Hydroelectric Power Plant going up the stairs on the rights side of the river, if you have a bicycle there is a lift on the left side of the river. You will find the tunnels where the old train system used to connect Belgrade with Dubrovnik passing by Užice. Today you can walk the tunnels and on the way you will find a old Yugoslavian dam.

Main Square is located right downtown, it holds the library, the Užice Theater and right in front of it there is the Zlatibor Hotel (not working at the moment) which was built in in the shape of a rocket in a brutalist style in the 70˙s during the Yugoslavian times.

Do[edit][add listing]

Walk around and see the sights of Uzice. You can do this on your own or you can go on a free walking tour with Eco Hostel Republik (until recently the only one in town).

Zipline Stari Grad One of the main attractions in Užice among locals and travelers is the Zipline Start Grad, a unique line that goes over the canyon and pass right next to the medieval fortress which was build in the 14th century. Cost 10 Euros and guest from the EcoHostel get 10% discount.

Drink a beer, a coffee or a rakia in a cafe along the river.

Rent a kayak or paddle boat and relax on the water.

Go on a day trip and see the lovely mountains around Uzice. You can take a bus or rent a car. Užice is also a base to visit National Parks like Uvac and Tara. Mokra Gora (Kusturica`s village) is also reachable by public transportation, taxi or on a tour.

And if you are between he ages of 13 to 99, you can go to the techno clubs. There are many around, and if you don't know which is best, just ask around or ask a taxi driver. Skala happens to be the most popular one

Buy[edit][add listing]

A house. Locals say that Uzice is one of the most laid back and easy going towns in whole of Europe. (And one of the most affordable.)

Food. A slice of Caprichos (ham and mushroom pizza) is only 140 Dinars, and it's not that much more for a chevapi, a burek or a komplet lepinjia (only found in Western Serbia).

A book. Uzice has a nice bookstore with English translations of writers such as Ivo Andrich.

Eat[edit][add listing]

The best thing to eat might be Burek, pastry with meat and cheese that can be bought from vendors all over town.

Another specialty is Komplet Lepinjia, a pita with cheese, egg and sauce.

Western Serbia is also well-known for Kaymak, a thick creamy cheese with a rich taste.

For veggies and meant such as prochuto and bacon the local market in front of the museum is the place to get them and is very affordable.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Beer types vary from smaller Serbian beers to the big American brands. The best thing to drink is rakia, a strong fruit brandy that is regarded as Serbia's national drink.

Because of the low cost, a beer at a club or bar will cost you the equivalent of one euro or so.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Hotel Zlatibor

There are two potential accommodations in Uzice.

The first option is the Hotel Zlatibor, a brutalist concrete tower right in the centre of town. It was built in the early 1960s. The interior is quite dim and feels a little haunted. One night will cost between 20-25 euros.

The second is Eco Hostel Republik, a new modern hostel with with shared and private rooms. It's located on Zele Durica 34 just five minutes away from the centre of the town. It has a garden, a kitchen, a large common room and a terrace with couches. They can also arrange trips for you around the city and to the surrounding countryside. Cost is about 10 euro. Recommended. "Eco Hostel Republik" Website

Get out[edit]

Mokra Gora is a quaint village located in the picturesque area on the border of Tara National Park. You can ride on the Sargan Eight railway, a narrow gauge railroad (heritage railroad) that connects from Mokra Gora to the nearby Sargan station. It is very scenic and costs only 600 dinar.

Mokra Gora wooden village

Tara National Park is mountainous nature preserve with a great diversity of flora and fauna. You can check out the "meaders" from a lookout point, go hiking on the many trails, or watch for the griffons or many other birds. The air is also very fresh. Hostel Tara Hikking Center is in the middle of the park and offers free guidance and maps for the trails at backpacker prices.

Zlatibor is well-known for its beautiful mountains, its clean air and its excellent ski slopes during the winter. Even today it is still used as a respiratory spa because of its fresh air. In the summer, there are many walking paths and even a new bobsled ride.

Visegrad is a small city just across the border in Bosnia. The bridge in Visegrad was immortalized by Nobel Prize-winning author Ivo Andric in his book “Bridge over Drina,” and it is the main tourist attraction in this small Bosnian town. Rising above the emerald green waters of the Drina River, the bridge has eleven stone arches and can be seen from below on a tourist boat.

Stopica Cave is famous river cave known for its "bigren" tubs. There is also a waterfall close by known as The Source of Life.

Studenica Monastery is perhaps the best monastery in all of Serbia. It has very well-preserved frescoes and impressive architecture, and is surrounded by nature. It was built in 1190 and is an important monument to Serbian heritage. There is also a dormitory where you can stay.

Rujno Monastery is located in the village of Vrutci on the banks of the lake that supplies water for Uzice. Serbia’s first book was printed in this monastery. The Rujno monastery can be reached by going from Uzice to Biosci and, a few kilometers before the village, turning into the village of Vrutci. After a few hundred meters in Vrutci, go to the right of Rujno Monastery. All turns are marked.


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