Tver Oblast : Tver
Tver  is a city in Tver Oblast,Russia. It was the capital of the powerful medieval Tver Principality and one-time rival to Moscow as Russia's preeminent power base. The medieval center is long gone, a victim of centuries of fires, Nazis, and general rebuilding, but the downtown area is nonetheless quite attractive, dominated by neoclassical architecture erected during the reign of Catherine the Great.
Russians usually say "Tver-v Moskvu dver"(Tver is a door to Moscow).Since the Saint Petersburg was founded,Tver became a critical transit city on the road between two major cities.The main waterway-Volga is also pass through the city so thats why a lot of tradeways connected here.Tver was famous for its merchants.One of them Afanasiy Nikitin reached India and was the first one of the first Europeans (after Niccolò de' Conti) to travel to and document his visit to this country. He described his trip in a narrative known as The Journey Beyond Three Seas (Khozheniye za tri morya).
Tver is localted 175 km north-west from Moscow on the railway and highay which connecting Moscow and St.Petersburg.
There are two ways to reach Tver:
Tver was one of the first Russian cities where the railroad was built.In the 1850 railroad from Moscow to Saint Petersburg passed through the city. Now it is an important railway hub.Almost every train from Moscow to saint Petersburg stops here. The fastest way to reach Tver from Moscow or Saint Petersburg is getting on high-speed "Sapsan" train.Trainride from Moscow takes one hour and two hour from St.Petersburg.
There are also a lot of slower sleeper trains which run mostly during the nightime.Some of them have a bus-like seats(sidyachiy class or СИД).This kind of trains also reach Tver from Kazan,Mahachkala,Sochi,Murmansk,Soukhumi,Tallinn,Helsinki,Petrozavodsk and many other cities.Most of these trains are going to Saint Petersburg or via it.
The cheapest option is a suburb trains.Tver located close to Moscow so there is a busy commuter line connecting it with the capital.Thousands of commuters use this line every day.During the summer thousands of moscovites filling the trains to reach their dachas(summer houses) or lakeshores for camping and making picknics.So if you chose a suburb train,beware the rush hours(during the working days in the morning to Moscow and during the evening to Tver). There are two types of suburb trains on this line:
All suburb trains to Tver running from Leningradskiy railway terminal(Leningradski vokzal) in Moscow.The suburb trains ticket offices(prigorodnye kassy) and vending machines located outside the Leningradski railway terminal building just in front of Komsomolskaya metro station exit(near the fountain).If you get lost ask policemen or security to help you.
After buyng the ticket you should reach the turnstiles(20 meters along the glassed wall towards the corner-just follow the people who bought ticket together with you) and incert it into(strichcode toward the turnstile nest until the green light switch on and the gate will open).
Remember!Save your ticket until the whole ride.It will be neccesary during the ticket controll in the train and during the leaving the railway station in Tver(and almost all train stations along the route except some rural ones).
Then go through the hall towards the platforms.There will be a big screen with a platform numbers and destination points.Tver will be marked as Тверь.Each platform have a screen with a trains destination point.If you chose an express suburb train,you should show the ticket to the train staff in front of the door.If you chose an ordinary suburb train just take your seat in the train car.
The bus service between Tver and Moscow/St.Petersburg is very unstable because of traffic jams.Most of the buses from Moscow to St.Petersburg and back dont enter the city and use Leningrad highway which located on the outskirts for saving the time.
However if the bus servis between Moscow and St.Petersburg is weak,the neighboring cities and villages have a wide bus connection with Tver.Most of the Tver Oblast towns have a bus connection with the regional center. The main bus hub in the city is a Tver bus station located near the railway one.They are devided by big shopping mall "Karusel" so you should to walk 200 meters south east along the tram line until you see a big building with glassed wall and letters "АВТОВОКЗАЛ" on it. There are air conditioning and free wi-fi inside.Chicken house fast food cafe is located just across the tram line as well as supermarkets.There is also some food bouth indide a bus station.Toilet is free if you show the bus ticket.
There are several TV screens with a bus timetable(on Russian) but if you will ask someone to translate,people will help you. Bus service connect Tver with most of the cities of Tver oblast and with some neighboring regions.
City transport is represented by tram line,trolleybus,buses and marshrutkas(mini buses).
The only tram line(route№5) starts from the bus station passes through the railway station,city center,bridge across Volga and ends on the north-western outskirts.
Trolleybuses and buses have a wide network around the city.They are more safe then marshrutky which are famous for their reckless drivers.
Tver is famous for it old architecture,Volga embankment and parks.
Tver is an old Russian city but most of its architecture didn't survive the war and the economic crisis of the 90s. The city center was completely rebuilt.
The remnants of old Tver begin from the northern end of Tryokhsvyatskaya street. Tryokhsvyatskaya street is a local version of Moscows Arbat.It is a walking street where local artists sell their paintings and souvenirs. The embankment of the Volga river is also popular among the city residents.
Several churches and palaces survived and most of them are museums now.
There are a lot of shops,shopping malls and markets along the city.
There are several international fast food nets in the city:McDonalds,Burger King,KFC,Subway. Most of them located in the main shopping malls food courts.
There is also Russian fast food net Chicken House(with it biggest cafes near the bus and railway stations) and a lot of another local cafes,canteens and restaurants.
The situation is the same for all Russian cities.
There are several hostels and hotels around the city.You can also rent a flat for a night.
The main way out is a Tver railway station.If you want to get to another towns of Tver oblast bus station is a better option.