Trieste  (Triest in German, Trieszt in hungarian, T(e)rst in Slavic languages) is a city in North-East Italy.
Palazzo del Municipio at Piazza Unità, Trieste
Trieste is the capital of the autonomous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia and has 260,000 inhabitants. It is situated on the crossroads of several commercial and cultural flows: German middle Europe to the north, Slavic masses and the Balkans to the east, Italy and then Latin countries to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Its artistic and cultural heritage is linked to its singular "border town" location. You can find some old Roman architecture (a small theater near the sea, a nice arch into old city and an interesting Roman museum), Austrian empire architecture across the city centre (similar to stuff you can find in Vienna) and a nice atmosphere of metissage of Mediterranean styles, as Trieste was a very important port during the 18th century.
National flights via Milan, Rome and Genoa. International flights via Milan and Rome (Alitalia ); direct flights from Munich (Air Dolomiti - Lufthansa ); direct flights from London (Ryanair ); direct flights from Belgrade (Jat ).
The International Airport of Ronchi dei Legionari  is linked with its teminal in the city centre (33 km) not far from the railway station by a shuttle service .
Three (or so) buses a day to Koper/Capodistria and Piran/Pirano in Slovenia, Pula/Pola, to Rijeka/Fiume in Croatia, and to Sezana in Slovenia. Local routes include Udine, Grado, San Candido/Innichen
A4 Venice-Trieste, toll-gate Monfalcone-Lisert, exit point "Sistiana" (SS 14 "Costiera" ). The town is 24 km from the motorway.
SS 202 Triestina: Motorway A4, toll-gate Lisert, Carso Plateau, Opicina, Padriciano, Trieste
SS 15 Via Flavia: Koper (Slovenia) - Rabuiese border
SS 58, Carniola highway: Ljubljana (Slovenia) - Fernetti border - Opicina, where the highway joins to SS 202, Trieste
Lots of trains from Venice and Udine, Eurostar from Milan and Rome and Cisalpino from Zürich at the Central Railway Station.
Trains from Ljubljana, Maribor, Budapest and also Zagreb (Euronight) at the Villa Opicina Station, from where you can travel to central Trieste by the tram or by bus #42.
If you arrive by train, the last 15 minutes of travel you have a beautiful sight, because the railway goes along the sea and if the weather is good it should be very striking.
Coach tour of Trieste 040 308536, (040 311529, [email protected]), . Saturday 2-4:30pm. Sightseeing tour starts outside the railway station (Piazza Libertà 8). Booking and ticket purchase (5,20 Euro) at the Eurostar office of Trieste Centrale Railway Station.
Walking Like most of Europe, a stroll through the town to admire it's acient architechture is a very popular activity. You get to travel at your own pace and even get some coffee along the way. Trieste is not particlarly big and for if you do not have luggage with you there is no need to take bus.
Bus Trieste has a network of buses runing on a strict schedule. This can often be checked on the web . However runs are not very frequent and may vary between 10-30 minutes. This can be troublesome if a run is cancelled
- Museo Revoltella  - This museum was donated to the city in 1869 by Baron Pasquale Revoltella, a great patron of the arts who liked to surround himself with precious and avant-garde works. In a building restored and extended by architect Carlo Scarpa, the museum today houses one of Italy’s finest collections of 19th-century, modern and contemporary art.
- Museo di Storia, Arte e Orto Lapidario (Museum of History and Art and Lapidary Garden)
Archaeological, historical and art collections. Prehistoric and protohuman findings of local origin; Roman and medieval sculptures and epigraphs. Egyptian, Greek, Roman and pre-Roman antiques. Numismatic collection. Photograph and book libraries.
- Museo di Storia Naturale - Zoological, botanical, geological, palaeontological and mineralogical collections. Vivarium. Specialised scientific library.
- The Roman Theatre - Trieste or Tergeste, which probably dates back to the protohistoric period, was enclosed by walls built in 33-32 BC on Emperor Octavius’s orders. The city developed greatly during the 1st and 2nd century AD. The Roman Theatre lies at the foot of the San Giusto hill, and faces the sea. The construction partially exploits the gentle slope of the hill, and most of the construction work is in stone. The topmost portion of the amphitheatre steps and the stage were presumably made of wood. The statues that adorned the theatre (which was brought to light in the '30s) are now preserved at the Town Museum. Three inscriptions from the Trajan period mention a certain Q. Petronius Modestus, a person who was closely connected with the development of the theatre, which was erected during the second half of the 1st century.
- Il Faro della Vittoria - Victory Lighthouse - The Lighthouse of the Victory, an impressive work of the Triestine architect Arduino Berlam (1880-1946) and of the sculptor Giovanni Mayer (1863-1943), has two important functions. Besides lighting the gulf of Trieste, in order to help navigation, it also serves as a commemorative monument dedicated to the fallen of the first Worid War. The lighthouse is topped by an embossed copper statue of Victory sculpted by Giovanni Mayer. Under this statue is affixed the anchor of the torpedo-boat Audace (the first Italian ship that entered the port of Trieste on November 3,1918),
- Arco di Riccardo - The "Arco di Riccardo" is an Augustan gate built in the Roman walls in 33 A.D. It stands in Piazzetta Barbacan, in the narrow streets of the old town.
- Museo della Comunità Ebraica di Trieste "Carlo e Vera Wagner" ("Carlo e Vera Wagner" Museum of the Jewish Community of Trieste) - Collection of ritual art of the Jewish community of Trieste, mainly silverware and fabrics.
- Synagogue - It's one of the largest in Europe, and was built in 1912. Open on Sundays 10÷12 and on Thursdays 15.30÷17.30, guided tours only, info Key Tre Viaggi tel. +39 040 6726736
- Museo della Risiera di San Sabba (Risiera di San Sabba Museum) - A national monument - a testimonial of the only Nazi extermination camp in Italy.
- Railway Museum Trieste Campo Marzio - Housed in the former railhouse, the museum features drawings, models and fullsized train engines and railcars as well as horse-drawn trams from Trieste's past .
San Giusto - Cathedral and Castle
A walk on the Castle ramparts and bastions gives a complete panorama of the city of Trieste, its hills and the sea.
- Capitoline Temple
- Church of San Giovanni
- San Michele al Carnale
- WWI Alter
- Roman forum and civic building
- Castle of San Giusto.
- Park of Remembrance World War I commemorative park,
- Lapidary Garden. Contains Roman and Medieval relics discovered in Trieste. In it stands a Cenotaph to the archaeologist Johann Winckelmann, father of neoclassicism, who died in Trieste in 1769.
The Miramare Castle
- Maximilian's chambers and those of his consort, Carlota of Belgium; the guest rooms; the information room telling the history of the Castle and the Park's construction;
- Duke Amadeo of Aosta's apartment with furnishings from the 1930's in the Rationalist style.
- Throne room
- The park offers the public a chance for an interesting stroll among botanical species and an important collection of sculptures dotted along its numerous paths.
- the Stables, a building which was recently restored and is now used for temporary exhibitions;
- the Old Greenhouses
- Little Castle
Take the tram #2 from Piazza Oberdan to Opicina. Alight at the Obelisco, and take a walk along the pedestrian Strada Vicentina to Prosecco. The views are superb.
- Ghetto and Piazza Unità. for Biedermeier and Liberty furniture, Bohemian glassware and Austrian silverware, and other fine antiques.
- Glassworks from France and Venice.
- Prints and antique engravings as well as books, postcards, and historical photographs.
The plentiful "souls" of Trieste influence the every-day life with the habits of the numerous populations which inhabited it during the centuries and which are still alive: the dishes proposed in the city "buffets", the typical restaurants of Middle-European origins, is an experienced and flavored mixture of the local Austrian and Slavic tradition.
- Caldaia Traditional dish of boiled pork.
- Jota a soup prepared with the pork skin, potatoes, beans and cappucci agri or the goulash, tripe or sguazeto, or veal stew.
- Gnocchi made with everything from ham to stuffed with plums.
- Brodetto Fish soup
- Risottos Creamy rice dish
- Sardoni in savor flavored pilchards
- Salads commonly include chicory and rocket
- Farmers of the plateau who had been allowed by an imperial decree to sell their own products during a period of 8 days, organized the so-called osmizze, where it is possible to taste local wines and products: Tabor cheese of Monrupino and honey of San Dorligo are other typical products.
- The pastry shops in Trieste offer delicious local varieties of the most famous Austrian cakes: Sacher cake, krapfen, strucolo cotto and strucolo de pomi (local varieties of local kinds of "strudel"), chiffeletti (typical cookies made with four, eggs and potatoes and fried in oil)
- During Easter you can taste the pinza, a sweet leavened bread that many women still prepare at home and take to the bakery to be cooked. Richer variants of this are: the titola, that is decorated with a hard egg, the putizza and presnitz. Fritole, pancakes stuffed and fried in oil and fave, small round cookies made with almonds and aromas are typical during Carnival.
Some local specialties include:
- Frambua - from framboise - mint and tamarind
- Terrano wine other popular local wines include the Rosso, Malvasia, and the white Vitovska Garganja.
Coffee has been an important part of Trieste since the 1700s. Some of the most famous caffè, know as much for their famous patrons as their food and drink, include:
- Caffè Tommaseo, Riva 3 Novembre
- Caffè San Marco, via Battisti, 18. Open since 1914, San Marcho is as popular with todays students and tourists as it was in the days of Saba and Giotti.
- Caffè Pasticceria Pirona One of the few remaining petesserias (cake shop that also sells coffee and liqueur, as well as beverages made from ) to have retained its Viennese charm. One of its most devoted customers was none other than James Joyce.
- Caffè degli Specchi, Piazza Unità d'Italia
The helpful tourist information in Piazza Unita can provide you with a list of accommodation and will even make bookings for you. They also have free maps.
- The Tergeste Youth Hostel, Viale Miramare, 331, (Take line 36 from Oberdan Square to Grignano. Get off at the Miramare junction, two minutes walk to the hostel.) 040224102 ([email protected]), . 74 beds, Restaurant indoors and a snack-bar and restaurant on the panoramic terrace The youth hostel is easily reached by bus. It should be noted that this hostel is in a fantastic location with the Adriatic sea just a few metres infront of the hostel.
- Hotel Porta Cavana, Via Felice Venezian, 14, tel. 0-4030-1313; [email protected], . Close to the beautiful Piazza Unità, its rooms have a CD-player, cable TV and VCR. Staff is friendly and speaks English. Singles/Doubles min/max € 36 - 130
- B&B Adria, Sistiana, 59/V, tel. +39/328 09 77 182; [email protected], www.adriasistiana.altervista.org. Close to the beautiful Castle Duino, the Rilke Promenade above the Natural reserve of Duino's Cliffs and the beaches of Sistiana Bay, very good connections with public transport to Airport and Downtown. Staff is very friendly and helpful.. Double Rooms min/max € 22/24 per Person/Night, Breakfast is always included
- Hotel Roma, Via Ghega 7, +39 040 370040 (), . 3 star hotel in the town centre. 19th century building, hotel bar and even business facilities. Not a bad idea for a base from which to drive around the region or into Slovenia.
Across the countryside you can find small beautiful farms where you will find beautiful different kinds of home-made salami, cheese and ham, and a characteristic red wine. And maybe along the Riviera ( Muggia, Sistiana,Duino)you can find some nice places to sleep, too.
The pretty island of Grado just to the west makes a good half day boat trip (ticket retour 6 €) .
Venice and Ljubljana are also major nearby destinations.
Grotta Gigante - The Giant cave claims to be the biggest tourist cave in the world (since 1997 in the Guinness'book of records). 15 km by city bus #42 or the tram of Opicinathen 1 hour walking along the path #26. The enormous hall is 107 metres high, 280 metres long and 65 metres large. The multi-lingual guided tour takes about 45 minutes. You can also visit the Museum of Speleology is near the cave and besides the various speleological, geological and paleontological finds it also includes some valuable archeological pieces and a poster collection of the cave. Two wide parking lots are available on the outside.