Trentino-Alto Adige is a region in Northeast Italy.
The region is divided in two provinces:
- Trento - has a very nice medieval/renaissance city centre with a splendid cathedral and the Buonconsiglio castle, once the seat of the Bishopric of Trent and where the council of Trent was held
- Bolzano - the capital and the largest city of Alto Adige - culture, business, shopping and nature. Has several interesting churches
- Brixen - Bressanone in Italian, a very nice small medieval town with a cathdral and bishops palace
- Merano - a health spa resort town with a nice city centre
- Rovereto - small town with a medieval centre and castle
- Riva del Garda - pictuesque lakeside town on the shores of Lake Garda popular among locals and foreigners
- Tenno - picturesque medieval town with a castle just north of Lake Garda part of the club The most beautiful villages in Italy
- Glorenza - considered as the smallest town (place with Stadtrecht, right of city) in Italy and one of the smallest in Europe with its 800 inhabitants, pretty medieval town surrounded by walls also part of the club The most beautiful villages in Italy
- Chiusa - picturesque town with castle and walls located between Bolzano and Brixen; also included in the list The most beautiful villages in Italy
- Vipiteno - very important town near to Brenner Pass; its historic centre is included in the list of The most beautiful villages in Italy
- Rolle Pass - a high mountain pass with a spectuacular scenery
- Stelvio National Park - beautiful national park shared with Lombardy where the highest mountain of the region is located (Ortler, 3905m)
- Lake Braies - beautiful large lake surrounded by mountains
- Dolomites - a spectacular mountain range covering most part of the Region, a perfect place for skiing and hiking and also a Unesco World Heritage Site.
During the Middle Ages, this region was divided between the Prince-Bishop of Trento and the Prince-Bishop of Brixen. Both principalities were under the sphere of influence of the Counts of Tyrol (and later, the Austrian Empire). To the south, they bordered with the Venetian Republic, which had influence on the southernmost valleys.
After the collapse of the Venetian Republic, and the Napoleonic wars, most of northern Italy fell under Austrian Empire rule. This region became part of Tirol. Italian independence wars in the last half of the XIX century claimed back from Austria the former Venetian Republic. The need to "liberate" these Italian lands was used by Italy to enter the World War I against Austria.
After the war was lost by Austria, the portion of Tirol south of the Brenner Pass was annexed by Italy and renamed Trentino - Alto Adige, Trentino being the part with Italian-speaking population. The German-speaking population of Alto-Adige were not recognized minority status. Indeed, as Italy fell under nationalistic fascist rule, the government started an effort to "italianize" Alto-Adige. Use of German in schools and in official documents was forbidden, the official names of places was changed to be Italian-sounding, Italians were moved from other parts of Italy to "colonize" the region.
As a result of the pact between Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, the Germans in the regions were given the option to relocate to Germany. Only few accepted, and most of them returned to their homeland after the war. During the end of the war, the region was briefly annexed to the Third Reich.
After WWII, the region remained part of Italy, as two provinces ("Trentino" and "Alto Adige/Südtirol") were granted large administrative and legislative autonomy.
In Alto Adige/Südtirol, German is official language as well as Italian. All official acts, place names and signs are in both languages. There are both Italian- and German-language schools. A third language, Ladin, spoken in the eastern valleys, is also a recognized linguistic minority, and is taught in schools where it is native. Jobs in the public sector are awarded proportionally to people with the three mother tongues, and applicants must prove fluency in both Italian and German.
Despite some fringe groups that persist in asking for reunification with Austria, the current system has proved very popular, and is often proposed as an example of peaceful coexistence of populations of different ethnicity.
- German (in South Tyrol)
- Ladino (in Fassa valley, Gherdeina/Gardena valley, Badia valley and Fodom)
- Überetsch/South Tyrol: there you can find large producing areas for wine and apples
- Meran/Merano: health resort with great tradition, i.e. empress Sissi of Austria stayed there
- Everywhere: because Südtirol is in the middle of the Alps, the maximum distance to a skiing region from every town is one hour car driving.
Magazines, events calendarsEdit
- Inside - events in South Tyrol  bilingual (German, Italian) pocket calendar with all events in South Tyrol. The index is written in English. You can find it everywhere. Free. Also online available.
- Albergo Antica Trattoria Cles, via Roma 13, Cles, Val di Non, . The Antica Trattoria Cles is in the center of Cles, in Val di Non, a beautiful valley in the west of Trentino. The central location makes it particularly suitable as a starting point for short excursions in the beautiful surroundings of the Val di Non. The hotel has eight comfortable rooms, finely furnished and equipped with every comfort, all with bathroom, hairdryer, TV LCD 26 inch satellite, ADSL and Wi-Fi Internet, telephone, minibar, strongbox safe and air conditioning.The hotel has a garage and a covered parking for motorbikes. edit
- Family Hotel Adriana, Via Doghen, 3 - 38060 Concei, ☎ (+39) 0464 591184 ([email protected]), . edit
- Hotel Interski, Strada Cisles, 515 - 39047 St. Christina/Val Gardena, ☎ (+39) 0471 793460 ([email protected]), . edit
- Dolomit Family Resort, Niederrasen 232 - 39030 Rasen im Antholzertal, ☎ (0039) 0474497004 ([email protected]), . edit
- Hotel Maria, Obereggen 12 - 39050 Obereggen, ☎ (0039) 0471615772 ([email protected]), . edit
- Dolce Vita Hotels, I-39025 Naturns, ☎ +39 0473 720165 ([email protected]), . edit
- Hotel Leitlhof - Dolomiten Living, Pustertalerstrasse, 29 (San Candido), ☎ +39 0474 913440 ([email protected], fax: +39 0474 914300), . edit
- Berghotel-Zirm, Eggerweg 16 (Olang), ☎ 0474592054 ([email protected]), . checkin: 10; checkout: 14. Hotel in the Dolomites 100€. edit
- Regina Hotel San Martino di Castrozza – Via Passo Rolle, 154 - 38054 Primiero - San Martino di Castrozza, Italy. . Telephone +39 0439 68221• Fax +39 0439 68017 • Elegant and historic four-star hotel located in San Martino di Castrozza. A great location to enjoy the snow in Trentino and the summer on the Dolomite. Wide choice of bedrooms, suites and services including the Spa centre, restaurant, bar and abundant breakfast buffet. Standard rooms: Euros 168.