Transylvania is the largest region of Romania. It is also the westernmost region, the most prosperous, and perhaps the best known.
Central region, around Cluj Napoca
Eastern region (Secuime), with the counties of Harghita and Covasta
Even though some people may only associate the name with tales of bloodthirsty vampires, Transylvania is actually known as one of the most beautiful natural regions in Europe dotted with picturesque, medieval fortress towns and monasteries and lively cities with stunning baroque architecture which offer modern tourism services at a price far below that of, say, Germany or France.
Transylvania has all the history and multi-ethnic culture you want. Although part of Romania, the history of Transylvania has more to do with German Saxons and the former Austro-Hungarian Empire, as far as administration is concerned. However the population has been and remains overwhelmingly Romanian.
Nowadays, almost everyone in Transylvania speaks Romanian, though for many of the ethnic Hungarians -- about 20% of the population, but far more in certain areas -- Hungarian is actually their first language. Few native German-speakers remain, but in any sizeable town you should be easily able to find people who speak at least moderately good English, French, or German.
Transylvania is relatively easy to access, due to its relative economic prosperity, tourism industry and proximity to Central Europe.
There are three main airports in the region.
There are several daily international trains:
Very frequent trains link cities in Transylvania with Bucharest and major cities in all other regions of Romania. Check timetables on infofer.ro.
Transylvania is a must see destination for people travelling in this part of Europe. Trains are usually the best way to travel between major Transylvanian cities and touristic destinations. However, many of the region's landmarks lie hidden from major transportation routes, so it is recommended you either rent a car or take buses to these places.
You can find great and detailed road maps in any gas station throughout the country, in train stations and in most newsstands. These detailed road maps can lead you anywhere, without much guidance needed. Be careful though for secondary and tertiary roads are not clearly marked, so sometimes you have to ask for directions. People are usually very friendly and will help you get to the destination of your choice.
Buses are becoming a popular means of transportation in Transylvania. Usually, they leave from train stations in major cities, and stop in the central area of smaller ones.
Transylvania is not a land of dangers lurking around each darkened corner. It houses a relatively large bundle of police headquarters, so that if anything goes amiss in your journey, help will be close by.