Tongeren (French: Tongres, German: Tongern) is a city and municipality located in the province of Limburg, Flemish region, Belgium. Tongeren is the oldest town in Belgium. Known as Atuatuca Tungrorum to the Romans, it was the administrative centre of the district Tungri under their rule.
Hourly trains from Liege Guillemins take 40 minutes to reach Tongeren. Trains also run hourly from Brussels, taking one hour 50 minutes.
Tongeren is a relatively small city, easy to navigate by foot to the major attractions.
- Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe Basilie (Our Lady's Basilica), Grote Markt, ☎ +32 (0)12/39-40-34. Apr.-Sept., Mon. 1:30-5:00pm, Tues.-Sun. 10:00-noon and 1:30-5:00pm. One of the most beautiful medieval monuments in the world. Built in Gothic style in the 13th century, where recent excavations have produced some of the richest archaeological finds in Flanders. Archaeological excavations have proven the presence of an edifice here starting from the 4th century, while a Carolingian prayer house existed here in the 9th century. The building of the choir of the present basilica began in 1240. Nave, transepts and side chapels were added between the 13th and 15th century. The original Romanesque tower was replaced by the present, 64 m-tall Gothic tower from 1442 until 1541. The basilica's interior is home to the statue of Our Lady of Tongeren, executed in 1475. The treasury is housed in the former hall of the Chapter and comprises one of the richest collections of religious art in Belgium. The basilica has excellent acoustics and is often used for symphony concerts. 2.50 eur for treasury.
- Statue of Ambiorix, Grote Markt. The fearsome leader of the Eburons, which was a tribe that defeated two of Caesar's legions in 54 B.C. Nowadays Ambiorix is one of the most famous characters in Belgian history.
- Roman Walls. The original Roman wall, dating from the 2nd century, still visible on more than 1,500 meters.
- Provinciaal Gallo-Romeins Museum (Gallo-Roman Museum), Kielenstraat 15, ☎ +32 (0)12/67-03-32, . Mon. noon-5pm; Tues.-Fri. 9:00am-5:00pm, weekends 10:00am-6:00pm. Houses Celtic gold, Roman glassware, Merovingian filigree work, and the dodecahedron (12-facet ball), an unusual Gallo-Roman object found during excavations which nobody knows that it represents or was used for. 5 eur.