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Tibetan phrasebook

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[[Image:Sign OmManiPadmeHum.JPG|thumb|240px|The ''Om mani padme hum'' mantra in Tibetan]]
 
[[Image:Sign OmManiPadmeHum.JPG|thumb|240px|The ''Om mani padme hum'' mantra in Tibetan]]
  
'''Tibetan''' is the main language of [[Tibet]] and among Tibetan communities around the world.
+
'''Tibetan''' is the main language of [[Tibet]], and its accompanying regions and among overseas Tibetan communities around the world. Tibetan is spoken by several million people in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR) of the Chinese People’s Republic, the Chinese provinces of Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan, as well as the neighboring countries Bhutan (around 4,000 speakers), India (over 124,000 speakers), and Nepal (around 60,000 speakers). Written Tibetan is used as the religious language in the countries where Tibetan Lamaistic Buddhism is practiced (e.g. in Mongolia and parts of China proper). Tibetan communities also exist in Taiwan, Norway, Switzerland and the United States of America.
 +
 
  
 
==Pronunciation guide==
 
==Pronunciation guide==
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===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
  
; ཨ : Like "a" in "alone" (a).
+
; ཨ : Like "a" in "alone"; like "a" in "cat" (a).
 
; ཷ : Like "aw" in "paw" (å).
 
; ཷ : Like "aw" in "paw" (å).
 
; ེ : Like "e" in "bet" (e).
 
; ེ : Like "e" in "bet" (e).
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; ཟ : Like "z" in "zoo" (z).
 
; ཟ : Like "z" in "zoo" (z).
 
; ཞ : Like "s" in "treasure" (ž).
 
; ཞ : Like "s" in "treasure" (ž).
; ར : A throaty "r", not rolled (r).
+
; ར : Must be trilled - just like Spanish "r" (r).
 
; ས : Like "s" in "suck" (s).
 
; ས : Like "s" in "suck" (s).
 
; ཤ : Like "sh" in "shut" (š).
 
; ཤ : Like "sh" in "shut" (š).
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==Phrase list==
 
==Phrase list==
 +
{{phrase}}
  
 
===Basics===
 
===Basics===
 
{{infobox|Common signs|
 
{{infobox|Common signs|
; OPEN : Open
+
; OPEN : Kha chay OR kha pay
; CLOSED : Closed
+
; CLOSED : Kha gyab
; ENTRANCE : Entrance
+
; ENTRANCE :Go xhugsa
; EXIT : Exit
+
; EXIT : Go Dhonsa
; PUSH : Push
+
; PUSH : Bigyar gyab
; PULL : Pull
+
; PULL : Thang
; TOILET : Toilet
+
; TOILET :Sangchod
; MEN : Men
+
; MEN : Pho mi
; WOMEN : Women
+
; WOMEN : Mo mo
; FORBIDDEN : Forbidden}}
+
; FORBIDDEN : }}Jyed machogpa
  
; Hello. : Hello. (''HEH-low'')
+
; Hello. : Tashi deleg (བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས)
; Hello. (''informal'') : Hi. (''HIGH'')
+
; Hello. (''informal'') : Demu (བདེ་མོ།)
; How are you? : How are you? (''HOW ah YOO?'')
+
; How are you? : Khye-rang ku-zug de-po yin-pe ()
; Fine, thank you. : Fine, thank you. (''FIGHN, then KYOO'')
+
; Fine, thank you. : De-po yin. Thug je che.
; What is your name? : What is your name? (''WUT iz yer NAYM?'')
+
; What is your name? : Khye-rang gi tshen-la ga-re zhu-gi yod? ()Or Khedrand ming Gangyin.
; My name is ______ . : My name is ______ . (''Migh NAYM iz _____ .'')
+
; My name is ______ . : Ngai ming ___ yin.
; Nice to meet you. : Nice to meet you. (''NIGHSS t' meet YOO'')
+
; Nice to meet you. : Khye-rang jel-ney ga-po joong ()
; Please. : Please. (''pleez'')
+
; Please. : Thuk-je zig ()
; Thank you. : Thank you. (''THANK yoo'')
+
; Thank you. : Thuk-je-che (ཐུགས་རྗེ་ཆེ།)
; You're welcome. : You're welcome. (''yuhr WEL-kuhm'')
+
; You're welcome. : ()Yin dang yin
; Yes. : Yes. (''YESS'')
+
; Yes. : hon, reh (རེད།)
; No. : No. (''NOH'')
+
; No. : Ma-ray
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : Excuse me. (''ehkz-KYOOZ mee'')
+
; Excuse me.  
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : Excuse me. (''ehkz-KYOOZ mee'')
+
gong-pa-ma-tsom / gong-ta
; I'm sorry. : I'm sorry. (''IGHM SAW-ree'')
+
; I'm sorry. : Gong dag
; Goodbye : Goodbye. (''GUHD-bigh.'')
+
; Goodbye : Chagpo nang, as in take care
; Goodbye (''informal'') : Bye. (''BIGH'')
+
Shug dan ja (when other person is staying):
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. : I can't speak English [well]. (''IGH cant speek ING-lush [wehl]'')
+
kha-lay-pheb (when other person is going)
; Do you speak English? : Do you speak English? (''doo YOO speek ING-lush?'')
+
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. :
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : Is there someone here who speaks English? (''IZ thayr SUM-wun heer hoo speekz ING-lush?'')
+
nga ''name of language'' yak-po kyab gi mey
; Help! : Help! (''HEHLP!'')
+
; Do you speak English? :  
; Look out! : Look out! (''look OWT!'')
+
khye-rang yin-ji-kay rgyab thub gi yin pe?
; Good morning. : Good morning. (''guhd MOAN-ing'')
+
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : Dhir Engi shenyan yod Pai.
; Good evening. : Good evening. (''guhd EEV-ning'')
+
; Help! : Rog pa jed
; Good night. : Good night. (''guhd NIGHT'')
+
; Look out! : Phar toe
; Good night (''to sleep'') : Good night. (''good NIGHT'')
+
; Good morning. :ngado deleg
; I don't understand. : I don't understand. (''IGH doan UHN-dur-STAND'')
+
; Good evening. : gondo deleg
; Where is the toilet? : Where is the toilet? (''WAYR iz thuh TOY-leht?'')
+
; Good night. : Sim jha nang go
 +
; I don't understand. : Nai she gyi med
 +
ha kho gi mey
 +
; Where is the toilet? :
 +
Sang chod gawa yod ray.
  
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===
  
 
===Numbers===
 
===Numbers===
 +
'''One'''
 +
  Chig གཅིག།
 +
 +
'''Two'''
 +
  Nyi གཉིས།
 +
 +
'''Three'''
 +
  Sum གསུམ།
 +
 +
'''Four'''
 +
  she བཞི།
 +
 +
'''Five'''
 +
  Nga ལྔ།
 +
 +
'''Six'''
 +
  Dug དྲུག།
 +
 +
'''Seven'''
 +
  Dun བདུན།
 +
 +
'''Eight'''
 +
  Gyed བརྒྱད།
 +
 
 +
'''Nine'''
 +
  Gu དགུ།
 +
 +
'''Ten'''
 +
  Chu བཅུ།
 +
 +
'''Twenty'''
 +
  Nyi-shu ཉི་ཤུ།
 +
 +
'''Thirty'''
 +
  Sum-chu སུམ་ཅུ།
 +
 +
'''Forty'''
 +
  Zhi-chu བཞི་བཅུ།
 +
 +
'''Fifty'''
 +
  Nga-chu ལྔ་བཅུ།
 +
 +
'''One Hundred'''
 +
  Gya tham-pa བརྒྱ།
  
===Time===
+
===Time===Due tsod
  
====Clock time====
+
====Clock time====chutsod duetsod
  
====Duration====
+
====Duration====ring, kab
  
====Days====
+
====Days====nyin ma
  
====Months====
+
====Months====dawa
  
 
====Writing time and date====
 
====Writing time and date====
 +
yige dipai due dang tse
  
 
===Colors===
 
===Colors===
 +
    tseun dok ཚོན་མདོག
 +
Blue  སྔོན་པོ་
 +
    ngeun po
 +
Yellow སེར་པོ་
 +
    ser po
 +
Green  ལྗང་ཁུ་
 +
    jang koo
 +
Red  དམར་པོ་
 +
    mar po
 +
Brown
 +
    gyar mook
 +
Black  ནག་པོ་
 +
    nak po
 +
Orange ལི་ཝང་
 +
    li wang
 +
White  དཀར་པོ་
 +
    kar po
  
 
===Transportation===
 
===Transportation===
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===Money===
 
===Money===
 +
pay sha OR
 +
go-mo
  
 
===Eating===
 
===Eating===
 +
Bon appetit! ཞལ་ལག་མཉེས་པོ་ནང་གོ
 +
  shelak nye po nang ko
 +
delicious ཞིམ་པོ་ སྤྼོ་པོ་(H)
 +
  shimpo  t(r)opo (H)
 +
meal  གསོལ་ཚིགས
 +
  sol tsi'
 +
meal, food  ཁ་ལག  ཞལ་ལག
 +
  kalak, shelak
  
 
===Bars===
 
===Bars===
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===Authority===
 
===Authority===
  
{{outline}}
+
 
 +
{{outlinephrasebook}}
 +
{{phrasebookguide}}
 +
 
 +
== Learning more ==
 +
* [http://www.wiki-babel.org/en/Lesson:Bod:1:Numbers_-_1_to_10 Listen to tibetan numbers on WikiBabel]

Latest revision as of 00:33, 12 October 2017

The Om mani padme hum mantra in Tibetan

Tibetan is the main language of Tibet, and its accompanying regions and among overseas Tibetan communities around the world. Tibetan is spoken by several million people in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR) of the Chinese People’s Republic, the Chinese provinces of Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan, as well as the neighboring countries Bhutan (around 4,000 speakers), India (over 124,000 speakers), and Nepal (around 60,000 speakers). Written Tibetan is used as the religious language in the countries where Tibetan Lamaistic Buddhism is practiced (e.g. in Mongolia and parts of China proper). Tibetan communities also exist in Taiwan, Norway, Switzerland and the United States of America.


Pronunciation guide[edit]

Tibetan spelling and pronunciation diverged around the 11th century, and there is no widely agreed standard on how to spell phonetic Tibetan with the Latin alphabet.

Vowels[edit]

ཨ 
Like "a" in "alone"; like "a" in "cat" (a).
ཷ 
Like "aw" in "paw" (å).
ེ 
Like "e" in "bet" (e).
ི 
Like "i" in "in" (i).
ཱི 
Like "ee" in "seen" (í).
ོ 
Like "o" in "so" (ó).
ྲྀ 
Like "e" in "father" (ö).
ཱུ 
Like "ue" in "glue" (ú).
ུ 
Like "oo" in "soon" (ū).
ུ 
Like "ee" in "seen" but with rounded lips (ü).
ེ 
Like "ay" in "day" (ą).

Consonants[edit]

ཀ 
Like "k" in "skill" (k).
ག 
Like "g" in "garden" (g).
ང 
Like "ng" in "sing" (ng).
ཅ 
Like "ch" in "charge" (ç).
ཇ 
Like "j" in "jar" (j).
ཉ 
Like "ny" in "canyon" (ñ).
ཏ 
Like "t" in "stop" (t).
པ 
Like "p" in "spot" (p).
ཙ 
Like "ts" in "weights" (ţ).
ཛ 
Like "ds" in "adds" (ds).
ཟ 
Like "z" in "zoo" (z).
ཞ 
Like "s" in "treasure" (ž).
ར 
Must be trilled - just like Spanish "r" (r).
ས 
Like "s" in "suck" (s).
ཤ 
Like "sh" in "shut" (š).

Common diphthongs[edit]

ཁ 
Like "k" in "kill" (kh).
ཆ 
Like "ch h" in "punch hard" (çh).
ཐ 
Like "t" in "time" (th).
ཕ 
Like "p" in "pit" (ph).
ཚ 
Like "ts h" in "fights hard" (ţh).

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics[edit]

Common signs

OPEN 
Kha chay OR kha pay
CLOSED 
Kha gyab
ENTRANCE 
Go xhugsa
EXIT 
Go Dhonsa
PUSH 
Bigyar gyab
PULL 
Thang
TOILET 
Sangchod
MEN 
Pho mi
WOMEN 
Mo mo
FORBIDDEN 

Jyed machogpa

Hello. 
Tashi deleg (བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས)
Hello. (informal
Demu (བདེ་མོ།)
How are you? 
Khye-rang ku-zug de-po yin-pe ()
Fine, thank you. 
De-po yin. Thug je che.
What is your name? 
Khye-rang gi tshen-la ga-re zhu-gi yod? ()Or Khedrand ming Gangyin.
My name is ______ . 
Ngai ming ___ yin.
Nice to meet you. 
Khye-rang jel-ney ga-po joong ()
Please. 
Thuk-je zig ()
Thank you. 
Thuk-je-che (ཐུགས་རྗེ་ཆེ།)
You're welcome. 
()Yin dang yin
Yes. 
hon, reh (རེད།)
No. 
Ma-ray
Excuse me.

gong-pa-ma-tsom / gong-ta

I'm sorry. 
Gong dag
Goodbye 
Chagpo nang, as in take care

Shug dan ja (when other person is staying): kha-lay-pheb (when other person is going)

I can't speak name of language [well]. 

nga name of language yak-po kyab gi mey

Do you speak English? 

khye-rang yin-ji-kay rgyab thub gi yin pe?

Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Dhir Engi shenyan yod Pai.
Help! 
Rog pa jed
Look out! 
Phar toe
Good morning. 
ngado deleg
Good evening. 
gondo deleg
Good night. 
Sim jha nang go
I don't understand. 
Nai she gyi med

ha kho gi mey

Where is the toilet? 

Sang chod gawa yod ray.

Problems[edit]

Numbers[edit]

One

  Chig གཅིག།

Two

  Nyi གཉིས།

Three

  Sum གསུམ།

Four

  she བཞི།

Five

  Nga ལྔ།

Six

  Dug དྲུག།

Seven

  Dun བདུན།

Eight

  Gyed བརྒྱད།
 

Nine

  Gu དགུ།

Ten

  Chu བཅུ།

Twenty

  Nyi-shu ཉི་ཤུ།

Thirty

  Sum-chu སུམ་ཅུ།

Forty

  Zhi-chu བཞི་བཅུ།

Fifty

  Nga-chu ལྔ་བཅུ།

One Hundred

  Gya tham-pa བརྒྱ།

===Time===Due tsod

====Clock time====chutsod duetsod

====Duration====ring, kab

====Days====nyin ma

====Months====dawa

Writing time and date[edit]

yige dipai due dang tse

Colors[edit]

   tseun dok ཚོན་མདོག 

Blue སྔོན་པོ་

   ngeun po

Yellow སེར་པོ་

   ser po

Green ལྗང་ཁུ་

   jang koo

Red དམར་པོ་

   mar po

Brown

   gyar mook

Black ནག་པོ་

   nak po

Orange ལི་ཝང་

   li wang

White དཀར་པོ་

   kar po

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

Directions[edit]

Taxi[edit]

Lodging[edit]

Money[edit]

pay sha OR go-mo

Eating[edit]

Bon appetit! ཞལ་ལག་མཉེས་པོ་ནང་གོ

 shelak nye po nang ko

delicious ཞིམ་པོ་ སྤྼོ་པོ་(H)

 shimpo   t(r)opo (H)

meal གསོལ་ཚིགས

 sol tsi'

meal, food ཁ་ལག ཞལ་ལག

 kalak, shelak

Bars[edit]

Shopping[edit]

Driving[edit]

Authority[edit]

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


Learning more[edit]