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Thiruvananthapuram (formerly known as Trivandrum) is the capital (pop. 826,225 in 1991) of the state of Kerala, India. The city is part of a district, also called Thiruvananthapuram, one of the 14 districts of Kerala.


Thiruvananthapuram has an international airport, with direct flights from the Middle East, Singapore, Maldives and Sri Lanka. It is therefore considered as the doorway to the tourism rich state of Kerala.

The central railway station is located at Thampanoor in the heart of the city, 8 km from the airport. Very well connected and serviced by rail to all major cities in India. Trivandrum is the first major city along second longest train route in the world, Kanyakumari to Jammu.

The long distance bus station is located next door to the railway station. Buses ply to all major towns and villages in the state as well as with the big cities like Kochi, Bangalore and Chennai. The city bus stand is located 1 km away at East Fort, near the Padmanabha Swamy Temple.

Within the city, city buses and autorickshaws provide means of transportation. A noticeable feature of the civilian city bus transportation is the lack of route descriptions in English, with almost all the route descriptions on the buses being only in Malayalam, the official language of Kerala. Two wheelers, especially scooters and motorcycles are the favoured means of personal transportation on the roads.