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Quick Facts
CapitalDar es Salaam; note - legislative offices have been transferred to Dodoma, which is planned as the new national capital; the National Assembly now meets there on regular basis
CurrencyTanzanian shilling (TZS)
Areatotal: 945,087 sq km
note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar
water: 59,050 sq km
land: 886,037 sq km
Population37,187,939 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageKiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
Religionmainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
Time ZoneUTC +3
Country Calling Code55 (007 from Kenya and Uganda)

Tanzania is the largest country in east Africa, bordering Kenya to the north, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west, and Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique to the south.


Map of Tanzania


Other destinations

See also African National Parks



A large central plateau makes up most of the mainland (at between 900m and 1800m) and the mountain ranges of the Eastern Arc and the Southern and Northern Highlands cut across the country to form part of the Great Rift Valley.

A land of geographical extremes, Tanzania has the highest peak – Mount Kilimanjaro, the lowest point – the lakebed of Lake Tanganyika, and shares the largest lake – Lake Victoria - on the African continent.

Get in

===By plane=== There are two major airports; one in Dar and one in Kilimanjaro, in addition to several smaller airports. KLM and BA have daily flights from Europe.

By train

The Tanzania - Zambia train service known as TAZARA operates trains between New Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia and Dar es Salaam twice a week. TAZARA site

By car

By bus

By boat

Get around



Tanzania is a country with great national parks where you can see some of the finest African flora and fauna ==Talk== Tanzanians speak Swahili and, to some extent, English. Smaller regional languages are also very common. ==Buy== There are many markets in tourist cities that sell standard "African" goods. Beaded jewelry, carved soapstone and Masaai blankets make interesting gifts. Be aware that most "ebony" wood is fake (shoe polish), and make sure to bargain hard for everything. Masks are not typical of most East African groups, and the ones you will find in the markets are either imported from West Africa, or are strange things made just for tourists. ==Eat== Produce is often of very high quality. Meat and milk can be difficult for Western systems, so be sure that all meat is cooked through. At hotels, you will not have any trouble, but if you venture into small villages, make sure that all water is boiled before drinking, and all fruit/veg is peeled before eating. Local dishes include Mtori (cooked beef and bananas) and Ugali (a polenta-style corn dish). ==Drink== Boil water before drinking. Konyagi is a wonderful gin-like beverage, sold only in Tanzania. Tusker, Kilimanjaro and Safari beers are western-style and very good. Locally produced banana-beer is also sometimes found. Traditionaly, you will drink this out of a hollowed gourd. Guests drink first, and then pass to the elders. ==Sleep== Sunrise and sunset are always the same time (about 6) at the equator.



==Stay safe== Be very careful driving. Some 90% of all accidents involve drunk drivers.

Stay healthy

As in most African countries, the AIDS/HIV infection rate is high. Do not have unprotected sex in Tanzania or anywhere.



External links

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