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'''Tajik''' is the main language of [[Tajikistan]], and is closely related to [[Farsi phrasebook|Farsi]]. and [[Kurdish phrasebook|Kurdish]]
+
{{pagebanner|Tajik phrasebook Banner.jpg}}
 +
 
 +
'''Tajik''' is the main language of [[Tajikistan]], and is closely related to [[Farsi phrasebook|Persian]] and has borrowed many [[Russian phrasebook|Russian]] and Turkic words. Tajik is written in a modified Cyrillic script.
  
 
==Pronunciation guide==
 
==Pronunciation guide==
  
 
===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
 +
A a (a, as in cat)
 +
O o (ah, as in car) (equivalent to Persian alif)
 +
E e (eh, as in met)
 +
Y y (oo, as in root)
 +
Ӯ ӯ ( ū, as in wood)
 +
И и (ii, as in sit)
 +
Ӣ ӣ (ī, as in sit )
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! Cyrillic Letter
 +
! Latin Letter
 +
! Phonetic Value (IPA)
 +
! Non-phonetic Sound
 +
! Usage Examples
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| А а
 +
| A a
 +
| a
 +
| 'a' as in cat
 +
| санг= stone
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| О о
 +
| O o
 +
| ɒ
 +
| 'ah' as in car
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Е е
 +
| E e
 +
| e
 +
| 'eh' as in wet
 +
| себ (seb) = apple
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ё ё
 +
| Yo yo
 +
| jɒ
 +
| 'yah' as in yak (یا in Persian)
 +
| дарё = daryah = sea (compare to Persian دریا)
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| У у
 +
| U u
 +
| u
 +
| 'oo' as in food
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ӯ ӯ
 +
| Ū ū
 +
| ø
 +
| 'oo' and in wood
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| И и
 +
| I i
 +
| i
 +
| 'ee' as in peel
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ӣ ӣ
 +
| Ī ī
 +
| iʲ
 +
| 'ee' as in peel
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Й й
 +
| Ye ye
 +
| j
 +
| 'ye' as in yellow
 +
 +
 +
|}
  
 
===Consonants===
 
===Consonants===
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! Cyrillic Letter
 +
! Latin Letter
 +
! Phonetic Sound (IPA)
 +
! Usage Examples
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Б б
 +
| B b
 +
| b
 +
| бобо = grandfather
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| В в
 +
| V v
 +
| v
 +
| номвар = نامور = ناموَر
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Г г
 +
| G g
 +
| ɡ
 +
| санг= سنگ = سَنگ
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ғ ғ
 +
| Gh
 +
| ɣ (غ in Persian)
 +
| ғор = غار = cave
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Д д
 +
| D d
 +
| d
 +
| модар = mother
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ж ж
 +
| Zh
 +
| ʒ
 +
| жола = hail
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| З з
 +
| Z z
 +
| z
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Й й
 +
| J j
 +
| j
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| К к
 +
| K k
 +
| /k/
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Қ қ
 +
| Q q
 +
| q
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Л л
 +
| L l
 +
| l
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| М м
 +
| M m
 +
| m
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Н н
 +
| N n
 +
| n
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| П п
 +
| P p
 +
| p
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Р р
 +
| R r
 +
| r
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| С с
 +
| S s
 +
| s
 +
| Салом = Hello (lit. peace)
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Т т
 +
| T t
 +
| t
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ф ф
 +
| F f
 +
| f
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Х х
 +
| X x
 +
| χ
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ҳ ҳ
 +
| H h
 +
| h
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ч ч
 +
| C c
 +
| ʧ
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ҷ ҷ
 +
| Ç ç
 +
| ʤ
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ш ш
 +
| Ş ş
 +
| ʃ
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| ъ
 +
| '
 +
|
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Э э
 +
| E e
 +
| e
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Ю ю
 +
| Ju ju
 +
| ju
 +
 +
|- align="center"
 +
| Я я
 +
| Ja ja
 +
| ja
 +
 +
|}
 +
 +
==Some words that are very similar in Tajik and English==
 +
 +
Try to sound out each of the following words using the phonetic mapping above. 
 +
 +
{| align="center" style="background:#fff; width:210px; padding-left:10px;"
 +
!<p align="left">Tajik</p>
 +
!<p align="left">English</p>
 +
|-
 +
|банк
 +
|bank
 +
|-
 +
|диалéкт
 +
|dialect
 +
|-
 +
|Аврупо
 +
|Europe
 +
|-
 +
|компютер
 +
|computer
 +
|-
 +
|лáмпа
 +
|lamp
 +
|-
 +
|телевизор
 +
|television
 +
|-
 +
|университéт
 +
|university
 +
|-
 +
|хор
 +
|choir
 +
|-
 +
|шонс
 +
|chance
 +
|}
 +
 +
{{BookCat}}
  
 
===Common diphthongs===
 
===Common diphthongs===
  
 
==Phrase list==
 
==Phrase list==
 +
{{phrase}}
  
 
===Basics===
 
===Basics===
; Hello. :  . ('' '')
 
; Hello. (''informal'') :  . ('' '')
 
; How are you? :  ? ('' ?'')
 
; Fine, thank you. :  . ('' '')
 
; What is your name? :  ? ('' ?'')
 
; My name is ______ . :  ______ . (''  _____ .'')
 
; Nice to meet you. :  . ('' '')
 
; Please. :  . ('' '')
 
; Thank you. :  . ('' '')
 
; You're welcome. :  . ('' '')
 
; Yes. :  . ('' '')
 
; No. :  . ('' '')
 
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') :  . ('' '')
 
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') :  . ('' '')
 
; I'm sorry. :  . ('' '')
 
; Goodbye :  . ('' '')
 
; Goodbye (''informal'') :  . ('' '')
 
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. :  [ ]. ('' [ ]'')
 
; Do you speak English? :  ? ('' ?'')
 
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : ? ('' ?'')
 
; Help! :  ! ('' !'')
 
; Look out! :  ! ('' !'')
 
; Good morning. :  . ('' '')
 
; Good evening. :  . ('' '')
 
; Good night. :  . ('' '')
 
; Good night (''to sleep'') :  . ('' '')
 
; I don't understand. :  . ('' '')
 
; Where is the toilet? :  ? ('' ?'')
 
  
===Problems===
+
{{infobox|Common signs|
 +
; OPEN : кушода
 +
; CLOSED : махкам
 +
; ENTRANCE : дохл
 +
; EXIT : харч
 +
; PUSH :
 +
; PULL :
 +
; TOILET : ҳочатхона
 +
; MEN : мардон
 +
; WOMEN : занон/заъифон
 +
; FORBIDDEN :манъ аcт }}
  
===Numbers===
+
; Hello. : ассалому алейкум. (''asah-lomu ah-lay-koom'')
 
+
; Hello. (''informal'') : салом . (''sah-lohm'')
- nis  ½ - nis
+
; How are you? : Шумо чи xeл? (''shoo-moh-chee-khel?'')
-  
+
; Fine, thank you. : Нағз, рахмат. (''Naghz, rah-mat '')
  0 - sifir  0 - sifir
+
; What is your name? (Formal/informal):Hоми шумо/ту чист? (''No-mee shoo-moh/too chist?'')
-  
+
; My name is ______ . :Номи ман ______. (''No-mee man _____ .'')
1 - ek  1 - ek
+
; Nice to meet you. :Aз вохуриамон шод ҳастам. (''Az vo-khu-ri-amon shod has-tam '')
-  
+
; Please. : Лутфан, Илтимос (''Loot-fan/Il-ti-mos '')
  2 - du  2 - du
+
; Thank you. : . Рахмат/Ташаккур(''rah-mat/tasha-koor''),
-   
+
; You're welcome. : . Саломат бошед(''Salomat boshed'')
3 - se 3 - se
+
; Yes. : . Ҳa/Бале(''Ha/Ba-le '')
-  
+
; No. : . Не (''Ne'')
4 - char  4 - char
+
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') :Meбaxшeд . (''Mebakhshed'')
-  
+
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : бубахшед. (''Boo-bakhshed'')
5 - penc  5 - penc
+
; I'm sorry. : Мебахшед . (''mebakhshed'')
-  
+
; Goodbye : Хайр! (''Khayr!'')
6 - shas  6 - shas
+
; Goodbye (''informal'') : Сихату саломат боши . (''Sikhat-oo salomat boshee'')
-  
+
; I can't speak Tajiki [very well]. :Ман забони Тоҷикӣ [хеле хуб] гап задан наметавонам. (''Man zaboni Tojikī [khele khub] gap zadan nametavonam.'')
  7 - héft  7 - héft
+
; Do you speak English? : Шумо англиси гап мезанед? ('' Shumo Anglisi gap mezaned'')
-  
+
; Is there someone here who speaks English? : Оё кace дар инҷо англиси гап мезанад ? (''Oyo kase dar injo anglisi gap mezanad?'')
  8 - hisht  8 - hisht
+
; Help! : Ёри диҳед! (''Yori dihed!'')
-   
+
; Look out! : Эҳтиёт шавед ! (''Eh-ti-yot shaved!'')
  9 - nuh  9 - nuh
+
; Good morning. : Cyбҳ ба xaйр. (''Soobh-ba-khayr '')
-   
+
; Good evening. :Шаб ба хайр. (''Shab ba khayr'')
  10 - dah  10 - dah
+
; Good night. :Шаб ба хайр/Шаби хуш. (''Shab ba khayr/shabee khoosh'')
-   
+
; Good night (''to sleep'') : Хоби ширин/Шаби хуш . (''Khobi shirin/Shabi khoosh '')
11 - yezde 11 - yezde
+
; I don't understand. : . Ман нaмефаҳмам/нафаҳмидам. (''Man na-me-fah-mam/na-fah-mi-dam '')
-   
+
; Where is the toilet? : Ҳочатхона кани? (''Ho-jat-kho-na kani?'')
  12 - duzde  12 - duzde
 
-  
 
  13 - sezde  13 - sezde
 
-   
 
14 - charde 14 - charde
 
-  
 
15 - pencde  15 - pencde
 
-   
 
  16 - sasde  16 - sasde
 
-   
 
17 - héfde  17 - héfde
 
-  
 
18 - hisde  18 - hisde
 
-  
 
19 - nuzde  19 - nuzde
 
-   
 
20 - bist  20 - bist
 
-   
 
21 - bistuu-ek  21 - bistuu-ek
 
-   
 
  22 - bistuu-du  22 - bistuu-du
 
-  
 
50 - pancoh  50 - pancoh
 
-  
 
100 - sad 100 - sad
 
-  
 
1000 - hazor  1000 - hazor
 
  
 +
===Problems===
 +
;I don't know. :ман намедонам. (''Man namedonam.'')
 +
;Where is ____[at]? :_____ [дар] куҷо аст? (''_____ [dar] koojo ast?'')
  
  
Line 108: Line 332:
  
 
====Days====
 
====Days====
 +
 +
'''Рӯзҳо''' ''(Rüz-ho)''
 +
 +
'''Monday'''
 +
:Душанбе ''(do-shan-bay)''
 +
 +
'''Tuesday'''
 +
:Сешанбе ''(say-shan-bay)''
 +
 +
'''Wednesday'''
 +
:Чоршанбе ''(chor-shan-bay)''
 +
 +
'''Thursday'''
 +
:Панҷшанбе ''(panj-shan-bay)''
 +
 +
'''Friday'''
 +
:Ҷумъа ''(joom-ma)''
 +
 +
'''Saturday'''
 +
:Шанбе ''(shan-bay)''
 +
 +
'''Sunday'''
 +
:Якшанбе ''(yak-shan-bay)''
  
 
====Months====
 
====Months====
Line 114: Line 361:
  
 
===Colors===
 
===Colors===
 +
; black : сиёҳ (''siyoh '')
 +
; white : сафед  (''sa-fed '')
 +
; gray :  хокистарранг  (''kho-ki-star-rang '')
 +
; red : сурх  (''surkh '')
 +
; blue : кабуд (''ka-bud '')
 +
; yellow : зард (''zard '')
 +
; green : сабз (''sa-bz '')
 +
; orange : норанҷӣ  (''no-ran-ji '')
 +
; purple : бунафш  (''bu-nafsh '')
 +
; pink: гулобӣ (''gu-loh-bi'')
 +
; brown : қаҳваранг  (''qa-h-va-rang'')
  
 
===Transportation===
 
===Transportation===
Line 128: Line 386:
  
 
===Eating===
 
===Eating===
 +
; Water : ob
 +
; Milk : shir
 +
; Yoghurt : yogurt
 +
; Honey : asal
 +
; Fruit : meva
 +
; Apple : seb
 +
; Bread : non
 +
; Fish : mohi
 +
; Meat/Beef : guscht/gov
 +
; Vegetables : sabzarot
  
 
===Bars===
 
===Bars===
  
 
===Shopping===
 
===Shopping===
 +
; I need ___. : ___ba-man darkor / losim ast.
 +
; How much does this/that cost? : In/on chand pul ast?
  
 
===Driving===
 
===Driving===
Line 139: Line 409:
 
==Learning more==
 
==Learning more==
  
{{outline}}
+
{{Outlinephrasebook}}
[[Category:Phrasebooks]]
+
{{phrasebookguide}}

Latest revision as of 15:28, 8 March 2018

Tajik is the main language of Tajikistan, and is closely related to Persian and has borrowed many Russian and Turkic words. Tajik is written in a modified Cyrillic script.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

A a (a, as in cat) O o (ah, as in car) (equivalent to Persian alif) E e (eh, as in met) Y y (oo, as in root) Ӯ ӯ ( ū, as in wood) И и (ii, as in sit) Ӣ ӣ (ī, as in sit )

Cyrillic Letter Latin Letter Phonetic Value (IPA) Non-phonetic Sound Usage Examples
А а A a a 'a' as in cat санг= stone
О о O o ɒ 'ah' as in car
Е е E e e 'eh' as in wet себ (seb) = apple
Ё ё Yo yo 'yah' as in yak (یا in Persian) дарё = daryah = sea (compare to Persian دریا)
У у U u u 'oo' as in food
Ӯ ӯ Ū ū ø 'oo' and in wood
И и I i i 'ee' as in peel
Ӣ ӣ Ī ī 'ee' as in peel
Й й Ye ye j 'ye' as in yellow


Consonants[edit]

Cyrillic Letter Latin Letter Phonetic Sound (IPA) Usage Examples
Б б B b b бобо = grandfather
В в V v v номвар = نامور = ناموَر
Г г G g ɡ санг= سنگ = سَنگ
Ғ ғ Gh ɣ (غ in Persian) ғор = غار = cave
Д д D d d модар = mother
Ж ж Zh ʒ жола = hail
З з Z z z
Й й J j j
К к K k /k/
Қ қ Q q q
Л л L l l
М м M m m
Н н N n n
П п P p p
Р р R r r
С с S s s Салом = Hello (lit. peace)
Т т T t t
Ф ф F f f
Х х X x χ
Ҳ ҳ H h h
Ч ч C c ʧ
Ҷ ҷ Ç ç ʤ
Ш ш Ş ş ʃ
ъ '
Э э E e e
Ю ю Ju ju ju
Я я Ja ja ja

Some words that are very similar in Tajik and English[edit]

Try to sound out each of the following words using the phonetic mapping above.

Tajik

English

банк bank
диалéкт dialect
Аврупо Europe
компютер computer
лáмпа lamp
телевизор television
университéт university
хор choir
шонс chance

Template:BookCat

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics[edit]

Common signs

OPEN 
кушода
CLOSED 
махкам
ENTRANCE 
дохл
EXIT 
харч
PUSH 
PULL 
TOILET 
ҳочатхона
MEN 
мардон
WOMEN 
занон/заъифон
FORBIDDEN 
манъ аcт


Hello. 
ассалому алейкум. (asah-lomu ah-lay-koom)
Hello. (informal
салом . (sah-lohm)
How are you? 
Шумо чи xeл? (shoo-moh-chee-khel?)
Fine, thank you. 
Нағз, рахмат. (Naghz, rah-mat )
What is your name? (Formal/informal)
Hоми шумо/ту чист? (No-mee shoo-moh/too chist?)
My name is ______ . 
Номи ман ______. (No-mee man _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Aз вохуриамон шод ҳастам. (Az vo-khu-ri-amon shod has-tam )
Please. 
Лутфан, Илтимос (Loot-fan/Il-ti-mos )
Thank you. 
. Рахмат/Ташаккур(rah-mat/tasha-koor),
You're welcome. 
. Саломат бошед(Salomat boshed)
Yes. 
. Ҳa/Бале(Ha/Ba-le )
No. 
. Не (Ne)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Meбaxшeд . (Mebakhshed)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
бубахшед. (Boo-bakhshed)
I'm sorry. 
Мебахшед . (mebakhshed)
Goodbye 
Хайр! (Khayr!)
Goodbye (informal
Сихату саломат боши . (Sikhat-oo salomat boshee)
I can't speak Tajiki [very well]. 
Ман забони Тоҷикӣ [хеле хуб] гап задан наметавонам. (Man zaboni Tojikī [khele khub] gap zadan nametavonam.)
Do you speak English? 
Шумо англиси гап мезанед? ( Shumo Anglisi gap mezaned)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Оё кace дар инҷо англиси гап мезанад ? (Oyo kase dar injo anglisi gap mezanad?)
Help! 
Ёри диҳед! (Yori dihed!)
Look out! 
Эҳтиёт шавед ! (Eh-ti-yot shaved!)
Good morning. 
Cyбҳ ба xaйр. (Soobh-ba-khayr )
Good evening. 
Шаб ба хайр. (Shab ba khayr)
Good night. 
Шаб ба хайр/Шаби хуш. (Shab ba khayr/shabee khoosh)
Good night (to sleep
Хоби ширин/Шаби хуш . (Khobi shirin/Shabi khoosh )
I don't understand. 
. Ман нaмефаҳмам/нафаҳмидам. (Man na-me-fah-mam/na-fah-mi-dam )
Where is the toilet? 
Ҳочатхона кани? (Ho-jat-kho-na kani?)

Problems[edit]

I don't know. 
ман намедонам. (Man namedonam.)
Where is ____[at]? 
_____ [дар] куҷо аст? (_____ [dar] koojo ast?)


Time[edit]

Clock time[edit]

Duration[edit]

Days[edit]

Рӯзҳо (Rüz-ho)

Monday

Душанбе (do-shan-bay)

Tuesday

Сешанбе (say-shan-bay)

Wednesday

Чоршанбе (chor-shan-bay)

Thursday

Панҷшанбе (panj-shan-bay)

Friday

Ҷумъа (joom-ma)

Saturday

Шанбе (shan-bay)

Sunday

Якшанбе (yak-shan-bay)

Months[edit]

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

black 
сиёҳ (siyoh )
white 
сафед (sa-fed )
gray 
хокистарранг (kho-ki-star-rang )
red 
сурх (surkh )
blue 
кабуд (ka-bud )
yellow 
зард (zard )
green 
сабз (sa-bz )
orange 
норанҷӣ (no-ran-ji )
purple 
бунафш (bu-nafsh )
pink
гулобӣ (gu-loh-bi)
brown 
қаҳваранг (qa-h-va-rang)

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

Directions[edit]

Taxi[edit]

Lodging[edit]

Money[edit]

Eating[edit]

Water 
ob
Milk 
shir
Yoghurt 
yogurt
Honey 
asal
Fruit 
meva
Apple 
seb
Bread 
non
Fish 
mohi
Meat/Beef 
guscht/gov
Vegetables 
sabzarot

Bars[edit]

Shopping[edit]

I need ___. 
___ba-man darkor / losim ast.
How much does this/that cost? 
In/on chand pul ast?

Driving[edit]

Authority[edit]

Learning more[edit]

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