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'''Solo''' the short name for '''Surakarta''', is a major city in [[Central Java]], [[Indonesia]]. Together with [[Yogyakarta]], these two cities are heirs of the Mataram kingdom that was split in 1755.
 
'''Solo''' the short name for '''Surakarta''', is a major city in [[Central Java]], [[Indonesia]]. Together with [[Yogyakarta]], these two cities are heirs of the Mataram kingdom that was split in 1755.
  
==Understand==
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==Introduction==
  
 
Solo lies some 100 km south of [[Semarang]] and some 60 kilometers east of [[Yogyakarta]]. As the 'twin' sister of [[Yogyakarta]], this city looks much like the later. But because Solo is not a provincial capital, this city has preserved much of its Javanese character. This also means that Solo is less touristy than [[Yogyakarta]]. Solo is a former Royal city and home to two Royal enclaves; that of the Kasunanan Kingdom and the Mangkunegaran Principality.  
 
Solo lies some 100 km south of [[Semarang]] and some 60 kilometers east of [[Yogyakarta]]. As the 'twin' sister of [[Yogyakarta]], this city looks much like the later. But because Solo is not a provincial capital, this city has preserved much of its Javanese character. This also means that Solo is less touristy than [[Yogyakarta]]. Solo is a former Royal city and home to two Royal enclaves; that of the Kasunanan Kingdom and the Mangkunegaran Principality.  
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===By bus===
 
===By bus===
  
The main bus station is '''Terminal Tirtonadi'''. There are regular services throughout the island, including [[Jakarta]] (10 hours) and [[Surabaya]] (5 hr).
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The main bus station is actually not in Solo city itself, but in [[Kartasura]], some 12 km west of the centre. There are regular services throughout the island, including [[Jakarta]] (10 hours) and [[Surabaya]] (5 hr).
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The city bus terminal, '''Terminal Tirtonadi''', services more local destinations such as [[Yogyakarta]], for Rp 8,000
  
 
===By train===
 
===By train===
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* '''Yan'''. Jl Sriwijaya 11 RT 002/03. ☎ +62 271 717541.
 
* '''Yan'''. Jl Sriwijaya 11 RT 002/03. ☎ +62 271 717541.
 
* <listing name="Central Java Transporter" alt="" directions="" address="" phone="+6285225993574" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://centraljavatransporter.jimdo.com/" hours="" price=""></listing>
 
* <listing name="Central Java Transporter" alt="" directions="" address="" phone="+6285225993574" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://centraljavatransporter.jimdo.com/" hours="" price=""></listing>
* <listing name="JavaBali Transport" alt="" directions="" address="Tours & Transport Desk-Counter at The Sunan Hotel, Solo" phone="+62 818 466 933" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://javabalitrips.com/" hours="" price=""></listing>
 
  
 
===By horse cart===
 
===By horse cart===
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Becak (traditional pedicabs) are an entertaining way of seeing the city, albeit quite slowly. Expect Becak drivers to quote prices inflated to at least 3 times for the average tourist.
 
Becak (traditional pedicabs) are an entertaining way of seeing the city, albeit quite slowly. Expect Becak drivers to quote prices inflated to at least 3 times for the average tourist.
 
===By Bike===
 
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
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* '''Jurug Zoo'''. Facility: zoo, aquarium.
 
* '''Jurug Zoo'''. Facility: zoo, aquarium.
  
* '''Sriwedari Park'''. Javanese art and cultural centre with a Wayang kulit puppet show and Wayang wong / orang Javanese theatrical dance at night, childrens playground, and a food court with traditional Javanese restaurants). Also there is a small amusement park inside with every night live band.
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* '''Sriwedari Park'''. Javanese art and cultural centre with a wayang kulit puppet show and wayang wong Javanese dance at night, childrens playground, and a food court with traditional Javanese restaurants).
  
 
* '''Sahasra Adhi Pura''' [http://www.sahasraadhipura.org/] A new Hindu temple under construction 5 km east of Solo, it is a Kundalini yoga centre that  has 50 miniatures of sacred sites from around the world.
 
* '''Sahasra Adhi Pura''' [http://www.sahasraadhipura.org/] A new Hindu temple under construction 5 km east of Solo, it is a Kundalini yoga centre that  has 50 miniatures of sacred sites from around the world.
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* '''Sepoor Kluthuk''' Ride in an old train, with stops at Loji Gandrung and Kampung Batik Kauman, costs about Rp 100,000.
 
* '''Sepoor Kluthuk''' Ride in an old train, with stops at Loji Gandrung and Kampung Batik Kauman, costs about Rp 100,000.
  
* A tour by car, public bus or scooter (it's hard to find a rental, maybe ask the car rental, near Sala View hotel on Jl. Hasanudin) to the small temple '''Candi Sukuh''' [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sukuh], Candi Cetho and '''Tawangmangu''' Hill Station (it's possible to stay there), all located 40 km east of Solo; more infos see by "Get Out" below
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* A tour by public bus or scooter (it's hard to find a rental, maybe ask the car rental on Jl. Hasanudin) to the small temple '''Candi Sukuh''' [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sukuh], Candi Cetho and '''Tawangmangu''' Hill Station (it's possible to stay there), all located 40 km east of Solo; more infos see by "Get Out" below
  
 
==Buy==
 
==Buy==
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:* '''Pusat Grosir Solo''' 5-story tall wholesale centre of clothing items located nearby Keraton Solo and Pasar Klewer (''Klewer market'') where you can find many shops selling batik with competitive price.  Great for a one-stop shopping centre.  
 
:* '''Pusat Grosir Solo''' 5-story tall wholesale centre of clothing items located nearby Keraton Solo and Pasar Klewer (''Klewer market'') where you can find many shops selling batik with competitive price.  Great for a one-stop shopping centre.  
  
*<buy name="Batik Omah Laweyan" alt="" address="Dr. Radjiman 549 Laweyan" directions="" phone="0271-717287" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This Place uses Javanese Home Concept in serving customers in High Quality batik and Craft.  +62 888 294 3172</buy>
 
  
*<buy name="Piguno Furniture & Craft" alt="" address="Hartono Lifestyle Mall, Jl. Ir. Soekarno, Madegondo, Grogol, Kabupaten Sukoharjo, Jawa Tengah 57552" directions="" phone="(0272) 555777” email=“[email protected]url="https://www.piguno.com/" hours="10am - 10pm" price="" lat="" long="">selling a furniture with different style and design, unique crafts are there. Also handling for hospitality project and export market.</buy>
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*<buy name="BATIK OMAH LAWEYAN" alt="" address="Dr. Radjiman 549 Laweyan" directions="" phone="0271-717287" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This Place uses Javanese Home Concept in serving customers in High Quality batik and Craft. +62 888 294 3172</buy>
 
===Mall and shopping centres===
 
===Mall and shopping centres===
  
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Casual dining:
 
Casual dining:
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* '''1863 Restaurant & Lounge''', Jl. Monginsidi 79 (near Station Balapan). [http://www.1863resto.com] ☎ +62 271 631395.  Located in an old colonial house, this restaurant opened in 2013 and serves Javanese food, grilled meat (steak) and fish, real Dutch pancakes and 'bitterballen' (Dutch beef-ragout filled deep-fried balls), soups, fresh salads and snacks.  All food is freshly prepared and home-made.  They also have a large terrace situated in the secluded garden where you can enjoy coffee, tea, fresh juice or a choice of the many beers they have on offer, served by relaxed, friendly staff creating an European atmosphere.  Free parking, free high speed WiFi, lounge with large LED-TV.  Great food, great place, very moderately priced; Rp20,000-130,000.   
 
* '''Soga Restaurant & Lounge''', Jl. Slamet Riyadi 261. [http://sogarestaurant.com/] ☎ +62 271 727020, located within the House of Danar Hadi complex. This is a proper casual dining restaurant, the cuisine offered is a blend of traditional Javanese as well as some western/dutch colonial cuisine. Dishes are presented elegantly and the atmosphere is grand and cozy, with colonial antiques and batik decorating the interior as well as TVs. Live piano and music every night. A nice alternative to the street food culture that is prevalent in Solo. The food is moderately priced and delicious, Approx. US$5-10/person
 
* '''Soga Restaurant & Lounge''', Jl. Slamet Riyadi 261. [http://sogarestaurant.com/] ☎ +62 271 727020, located within the House of Danar Hadi complex. This is a proper casual dining restaurant, the cuisine offered is a blend of traditional Javanese as well as some western/dutch colonial cuisine. Dishes are presented elegantly and the atmosphere is grand and cozy, with colonial antiques and batik decorating the interior as well as TVs. Live piano and music every night. A nice alternative to the street food culture that is prevalent in Solo. The food is moderately priced and delicious, Approx. US$5-10/person
  
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* '''Pizza Hut''', Jl Brigjen Slamet Riyadi 380. ☎ +62 271 721577. American style fastfood. Approx. US$5/person.
 
* '''Pizza Hut''', Jl Brigjen Slamet Riyadi 380. ☎ +62 271 721577. American style fastfood. Approx. US$5/person.
 
* '''O Solo Mio''', Jl. Slamet Riyadi 253. ☎ +62 274 727264. Nice Italian restaurant. Mains around 50 000-150 000 IDR.
 
  
 
Chinese:
 
Chinese:
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Other than Serabi, Solo offers a rich varities of snack, ranged from dry snack, (onde-onde ceplus, kripik cakar, kripik paru, kerak nasi goreng) to keleman (fresh snack) (solo, wajik, jadah, kue ku, lapis, cara bikang). Sosis Solo has been identified as the specialty snack from Solo, is made of chopped beef combined with spices wrapped in a thin egg pancake. You can find many varieties of traditional fresh snacks once you walk into Pasar Gede.
 
Other than Serabi, Solo offers a rich varities of snack, ranged from dry snack, (onde-onde ceplus, kripik cakar, kripik paru, kerak nasi goreng) to keleman (fresh snack) (solo, wajik, jadah, kue ku, lapis, cara bikang). Sosis Solo has been identified as the specialty snack from Solo, is made of chopped beef combined with spices wrapped in a thin egg pancake. You can find many varieties of traditional fresh snacks once you walk into Pasar Gede.
 
*<eat name="Soto Triwindu" alt="" address="Jl. Teuku Umar No 41 Keprabon" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="06.00-15.00" price="10.000" lat="" long="">Soto is a Javanaese soup that contains meat, sprout, rice and many other. Usually for breakfast and lunch.</eat>
 
*<eat name="Soto Triwindu" alt="" address="Jl. Teuku Umar No 41 Keprabon" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="06.00-15.00" price="10.000" lat="" long="">Soto is a Javanaese soup that contains meat, sprout, rice and many other. Usually for breakfast and lunch.</eat>
*<eat name="BAKMI JAWA PADMASARI" alt="" address="jl pulanggeni 44 Tipes , Surakarta" directions="" phone="+62271730364" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">bakmi Jawa is a popular traditional noodle from solo. cooked by anglo ( stove ) different taste with natural seasoning. Try Java Tea with special sugar ( shape like rock ) with strong tea flavour. The food is moderately priced and delicious, Approx. IDR 12.000</eat>
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*<eat name="BAKMI JAWA 45 SARI" alt="" address="jl pulanggeni 45 Tipes , Surakarta" directions="" phone="+62271730364" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">bakmi Jawa is a popular traditional noodle from solo. cooked by anglo ( stove ) different taste with natural seasoning. Try Java Tea with special sugar ( shape like rock ) with strong tea flavour. The food is moderately priced and delicious, Approx. IDR 12.000</eat>
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*<eat name="Batik Omah Laweyan" alt="" address="Dr. Radjiman 549, Laweyan" directions="" phone="0271-740852" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This Place uses "JAVANESE HOME" concept. Sell high quality batik and Crafts. We will have traditional feel here.We are able to learn how to write batik....Cool and Remarkable !  </eat>
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
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*<sleep name="Baron Indah Hotel" alt="" address="Jl. Dr. Radjiman no. 392 Laweyan" directions="Behind Solo Grand mall" phone="+62 271 729071" email="[email protected],[email protected]" fax="" url="www.baronindahhotel.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="Rp 462.000 nett/room/night for std, Rp 558.000 nett/room/night for deluxe" lat="" long="">27 standard and 10 deluxe room, free airport transfer, in-house spa, free wi-fi internet connection at lobby and restaurant, business centre, meeting room, in-house and outside laundry.</sleep>
 
*<sleep name="Baron Indah Hotel" alt="" address="Jl. Dr. Radjiman no. 392 Laweyan" directions="Behind Solo Grand mall" phone="+62 271 729071" email="[email protected],[email protected]" fax="" url="www.baronindahhotel.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="Rp 462.000 nett/room/night for std, Rp 558.000 nett/room/night for deluxe" lat="" long="">27 standard and 10 deluxe room, free airport transfer, in-house spa, free wi-fi internet connection at lobby and restaurant, business centre, meeting room, in-house and outside laundry.</sleep>
 
* <sleep name="The Sunan Hotel" alt="" address="Jl. Ahmad Yani No. 40, Jawa Tengah 57143, Indonesia" directions="" phone="+62 271 731312" url="http://thesunanhotelsolo.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="US$60-600" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="+62-271 738677">A 4-stars hotel is located closed to the airport, tourist spots and downtown. The Sunan Hotel provides supporting facilities, such us Coffee Shop, Meeting Room, Music Room, Fitness Center, and  Ramen corner, Tours and Transport service by a reliable Tour company Java Bali Trips placed a desk counter at the lobby. free airport transfer</sleep>
 
  
 
==Get out==
 
==Get out==
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* '''[[Borobudur]]''', the largest Buddhist structure in the world located in Magelang, can be reached from Solo. A particularly scenic route would be to travel through the Selo and Ketep pass in Boyolali, located between Mount Merapi and Merbabu with breathtaking views of both mountains and directly to Magelang, without going through Yogya. The whole journey should take around 1 hour and 30 minutes to 2 hours with a rented or private car.  
 
* '''[[Borobudur]]''', the largest Buddhist structure in the world located in Magelang, can be reached from Solo. A particularly scenic route would be to travel through the Selo and Ketep pass in Boyolali, located between Mount Merapi and Merbabu with breathtaking views of both mountains and directly to Magelang, without going through Yogya. The whole journey should take around 1 hour and 30 minutes to 2 hours with a rented or private car.  
  
*'''[[Tawangmangu]]''', a [[hill station]] located on the slopes of [[Mount Lawu]], a dormant volcano which straddles the border between [[Central Java]] and [[East Java]]. It is an hour drive from Solo, and is a popular weekend getaway for the Solonese. Tawangmangu is famous for its natural scenery, with waterfalls (Grojogan Sewu and Jumog Waterfall) and breathtaking views. For those who are not faint-hearted, it is also possible to climb to the top of Mount Lawu (3,265 m) from Tawangmangu, which is a 7 hours hike. Nearby Tawangmangu are the ruins of the '''Sukuh Temple''' (''Candi Sukuh''), a Hindu temple built at the end of the period of Hinduism (15th century) in Java. The temple is famous for its unique shape, which resembles [[Mayan]] pyramids as well as its erotic iconographies. Another temple within the vicinity of Sukuh is the '''Cetho Temple''', located high above the sprawling tea plantations of Kemuning. You can visit the temples with a tour group or easily on your own. Take any bus to Tawangmangu and hop off at Karangpandan bus station. From Karangpandan get minibus to the turn off to Candi Sukuh. From there you can take a motorbike taxi (around 60 000 IRD) to visit both temples. Please note that the last bus from Karangpandan back to Solo leaves at 4 p.m.  
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*'''[[Tawangmangu]]''', a [[hill station]] located on the slopes of [[Mount Lawu]], a dormant volcano which straddles the border between [[Central Java]] and [[East Java]]. It is an hour drive from Solo, and is a popular weekend getaway for the Solonese. Tawangmangu is famous for its natural scenery, with waterfalls (Grojogan Sewu and Jumog Waterfall) and breathtaking views. For those who are not faint-hearted, it is also possible to climb to the top of Mount Lawu (3,265 m) from Tawangmangu, which is a 7 hours hike. Nearby Tawangmangu are the ruins of the '''Sukuh Temple''' (''Candi Sukuh''), a Hindu temple built at the end of the period of Hinduism (15th century) in Java. The temple is famous for its unique shape, which resembles [[Mayan]] pyramids as well as its erotic iconographies. Another temple within the vicinity of Sukuh is the '''Cetho Temple''', located high above the sprawling tea plantations of Kemuning.  
  
 
*'''Sangiran Early Man Site''', is an archeological site located 15 km from Solo. The area is a [[UNESCO World Heritage Site]] and an archeological treasure trove of fossils and remnants from the prehistoric era. The most important discovery however was the skeleton of the Java Man (''Pithecanthropus erectus'') an important predecessor of the modern human. The site contains a museum housing the archeological finds as well as an archaeological park.  
 
*'''Sangiran Early Man Site''', is an archeological site located 15 km from Solo. The area is a [[UNESCO World Heritage Site]] and an archeological treasure trove of fossils and remnants from the prehistoric era. The most important discovery however was the skeleton of the Java Man (''Pithecanthropus erectus'') an important predecessor of the modern human. The site contains a museum housing the archeological finds as well as an archaeological park.  

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