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[[Image:Civic Center, Shenzhen Lianhuashan Park (2018.9) Daytime.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Civic Center and the Futian District CBD from Lianhuashan Park]]
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'''Shenzhen''' (深圳; ''Shēnzhèn'') is a city in [[Guangdong|Guangdong Province]] in [[People's Republic of China|China]]. It lies immediately North of [[Hong Kong]] separated for the most part by a narrow river. Shenzhen lies directly en route between Hong Kong and China's third-largest city, [[Guangzhou]] which is approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) North West of Shenzhen. Shenzhen was a market town of 30,000 people until designated in 1980 as the first of China's five Special Economic Zones. It then became the fastest growing city in history to today become an amazing, thriving, well planned metropolis of 20 million people.
'''Shenzhen''' (深圳; ''Shēnzhèn'') is a city in [[Guangdong|Guangdong Province]] in [[People's Republic of China|China]]. It lies immediately North of [[Hong Kong]] separated only by a narrow river. Shenzhen lies directly en route between Hong Kong and China's third-largest city, [[Guangzhou]] which is approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) North West of Shenzhen. Shenzhen was a market town of 30,000 people until designated in 1980 as the first of China's five Special Economic Zones. It then became the fastest growing city in history to today become a thriving, well planned metropolis of 20 million people.
 
  
Being such a new city, Shenzhen's inhabitants and visitors have the advantage of planned street grids, modern construction at all but its historical buildings and excellent public transport among its infrastructure. Also considering the often flat terrain, Shenzhen is among the most disabled friendly cities in China. Shenzhen is on the list of [[UNESCO Creative Cities]] and ranked second on the list of ‘Top 10 cities to visit in 2019' by Lonely Planet.
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Shenzhen is on the list of [[UNESCO Creative Cities]] and ranked second on the list of ‘Top 10 cities to visit in 2019' by Lonely Planet. Shenzhen’s tourism hospitality facilities welcomed over 64 million overnight visitors in 2018 of which 12.2 million were from outside mainland China. Tourists were originally attracted by Shenzhen's theme parks but as the city has developed and prospered they are increasingly drawn by Shenzhen's stunning architecture, numerous beautiful parks and mountains, highly active cultural arts scene, and breadth of restaurants, bars and shopping. Shenzhen's beaches have become famous throughout China. In 2006, the Dapeng Peninsula, the location of Shenzhen's best beaches, was nominated by the China National Geographic Magazine as one of China's most beautiful coastlines. Many are drawn by Shenzhen's status as a world leading futuristic tech city. Visitors also increasingly recognise fascinating historical sites of national significance dating as far back as the 12th century scattered throughout Shenzhen, e.g. impressive forts and temples and sites related to Hakka culture or Hong Kong's annexation after the Opium Wars.
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Being such a new city, people in Shenzhen have the advantage of planned street grids, modern construction at all but its historical buildings and world leading eco-friendly public transport among its infrastructure. Also considering the often flat terrain such as in Shenzhen's very sizeable downtown area, Shenzhen is among the most disabled friendly cities in China.
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[[Image:Civic Center, Shenzhen Lianhuashan Park (2018.9) Night cropped.jpg|thumb| Shenzhen Civic Centre in Futian District viewing South from Lianhuashan Park, September 2018. The 599 metre tall Ping An Building centre right on the skyline is the 4th tallest skyscraper on earth as at July 2019.]]
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
Shenzhen is a popular destination for Chinese domestic tourists. They were originally attracted by its theme parks but as the city has developed and prospered they are increasingly drawn by Shenzhen's architecture, restaurants, shopping, bars, and active cultural arts scene. Shenzhen's beaches have become famous throughout China. In 2006, the Dapeng Peninsula, the location of Shenzhen's best beaches, was nominated by the China National Geographic Magazine as one of the most beautiful coastlines in China. Visitors are also starting to recognize some fascinating historical sites, such as those related to the Hakka culture and Hong Kong's annexation after the Opium Wars, which are scattered throughout the suburban area. Shenzhen attracted relatively small numbers of international visitors prior to the Lonely Planet 'top 10 cities to visit in 2019' second placing.
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[[Image:Shenzhen_(Chinese_characters).svg|thumb|Shenzhen as written in Chinese]]
 
 
 
===History===
 
===History===
 
The earliest known recorded mention of the name Shenzhen could date from 1410, during the Ming Dynasty. Local people called the drains in paddy fields “zhen” (圳). Shenzhen (深圳) literally means “deep drains” as the area was once crisscrossed with rivers and streams, with deep drains within the paddy fields. The character 圳 is limited in distribution to an area of South China with its most northerly examples in Zhejiang Province which suggests an association with southwards migration during the Southern Song Dynasty (12th and 13th centuries).
 
The earliest known recorded mention of the name Shenzhen could date from 1410, during the Ming Dynasty. Local people called the drains in paddy fields “zhen” (圳). Shenzhen (深圳) literally means “deep drains” as the area was once crisscrossed with rivers and streams, with deep drains within the paddy fields. The character 圳 is limited in distribution to an area of South China with its most northerly examples in Zhejiang Province which suggests an association with southwards migration during the Southern Song Dynasty (12th and 13th centuries).
  
Contrary to a common misconception of Shenzhen being a fishing village prior to becoming a city, Shenzhen was a regional market town that had been the county town of Bao'an since 1953. Shenzhen train station was the last stop on the Mainland Chinese section of the railway from Guangzhou to Kowloon in Hong Kong. In November 1979, Bao'an County (宝安县) was promoted to prefecture level, directly governed by Guangdong province. It was renamed Shenzhen, after Shenzhen town. The administrative centre of the county stood approximately around the present location of Dongmen.  
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Contrary to a common misconception of Shenzhen being a fishing village prior to becoming a city, Shenzhen was a regional market town that had been the county town of Bao'an since 1953. Shenzhen train station was the last stop on the Mainland Chinese section of the railway from Guangzhou to Kowloon in Hong Kong. In November 1979, Bao'an County (宝安县) was promoted to prefecture level, directly governed by Guangdong province. It was renamed Shenzhen, after Shenzhen town. The county administrative centre county stood approximately around the present location of Dongmen.  
  
Shenzhen was singled out to be the first of the five Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in May 1980. Initially, the SEZ comprised an area of only 327.5 km2 (126.4 sq mi) of southern Shenzhen, covering the current Luohu, Futian, Nanshan and Yantian districts. The SEZ was created to be an experimental ground for the practice of market capitalism within a community guided by the ideals of "socialism with Chinese characteristics". In 1982 Bao'an County was re-established, though this time as a part of Shenzhen. The county was converted to become Bao'an District, which was out of the Special Economic Zone. Shenzhen was promoted to a Sub-provincial City in March 1983 and was given the right of provincial-level economic administration in November 1988. With a population of 30,000 in 1980, economic development has meant that by 2008 the city has had 12 million inhabitants.
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Shenzhen was chosen as the first of five Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in May 1980. Initially, the SEZ comprised an area of only 327.5 km2 (126.4 sq mi) of southern Shenzhen, covering the current Luohu, Futian, Nanshan and Yantian districts. The SEZ was created to be an experimental ground for the practice of market capitalism within a community guided by the ideals of "socialism with Chinese characteristics". In 1982 Bao'an County was re-established, though this time as a part of Shenzhen. The county was converted to become Bao'an District, which was out of the Special Economic Zone. Shenzhen was promoted to a Sub-provincial City in March 1983 and was given the right of provincial-level economic administration in November 1988. With a population of 30,000 in 1980, economic development has meant that by 2008 the city has had 12 million inhabitants.
  
Shenzhen became one of the largest cities in the Pearl River Delta region, which itself is an economic hub of China, as well as the largest manufacturing base in the world. By 2001, as a result of Shenzhen's increasing economic prospects, increasing numbers of migrants from Mainland China chose to go to Shenzhen and stay there instead of trying to illegally cross the border into Hong Kong. There were 9,000 captured border-crossers in 2000, while the same figure was 16,000 in 1991. On 1 July 2010, the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone was expanded to include all districts, a five-fold increase over its pre-expansion size.
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Shenzhen became one of the Pearl River Delta region's largest cities. The Pearl River Delta, which itself is an economic hub of China, as well as the largest manufacturing base in the world. By 2001, as a result of Shenzhen's increasing economic prospects, increasing numbers of migrants from Mainland China chose to go to Shenzhen and stay there instead of trying to illegally cross the border into Hong Kong. There were 9,000 captured border-crossers in 2000, while the same figure was 16,000 in 1991. On 1 July 2010, the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone was expanded to include all districts, a five-fold increase over its pre-expansion size.
  
 
===Geography===
 
===Geography===
Shenzhen is one of the nine prefectures within the [[Pearl River Delta]] megalopolis. Shenzhen borders Hong Kong to the south, Huizhou to the north and northeast, Dongguan to the north and northwest. Lingdingyang and Pearl River to the west and Mirs Bay to the east. Shenzhen is roughly 100 kilometres (62 mi) southeast of the provincial capital of Guangzhou. Shenzhen is much flatter than adjacent Hong Kong.  
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Shenzhen is one of 9 prefectures and 2 Special Administrative Regions within the 120 million people [[Pearl River Delta]] megalopolis. Shenzhen borders Hong Kong to the south, Huizhou to the north and northeast, Dongguan to the north and northwest, Lingdingyang and the Pearl River to the west and Mirs Bay to the east. Shenzhen is roughly 100 kilometres (62 mi) southeast of the provincial capital, Guangzhou.
  
Over 160 rivers or channels flow through Shenzhen. Notable rivers in Shenzhen include the Shenzhen River, Maozhou River and Longgang River. Shenzhen is surrounded by many islands. Most of these islands fall under the territory of neighbouring areas such as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Huiyang District, Huizhou. Several islands are under Shenzhen's jurisdiction, such as Nei Lingding Island, Dachan Island (Tai Shan Island), Xiaochan Island, Mazhou, Laishizhou, Zhouzai and Zhouzaitou.
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Shenzhen is flat downtown and in other areas but still has hills and mountains. e.g. Wutong Mountain in Shenzhen is the 2nd highest mountain in the Pearl River Delta. Over 160 rivers or channels flow through the Shenzhen area. The West flowing Shenzhen River forms most of the physical border between mainland China and Hong Kong SAR. Notable other rivers within Shenzhen include Maozhou River and Longgang River.
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Shenzhen is surrounded by many islands. Most such islands fall under neighbouring territories such as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Huiyang District, Huizhou. Several islands are under Shenzhen's jurisdiction, such as Nei Lingding Island, Dachan Island (Tai Shan Island), Xiaochan Island, Mazhou, Laishizhou, Zhouzai and Zhouzaitou.
  
 
===Orientation===
 
===Orientation===
[[Image:Shenzhen Skyline from Nanshan.jpg|thumb|Skyline of Shenzhen from Nanshan District.]]
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[[Image:Lo Wu District 201701.jpg|thumb|right|Shun Hing Square 'Di Wang Tower' and Luohu District viewing South East from the KK100 Building. The hills in the background are in Hong Kong.]]
[[Image:Shenzhen night street.jpg|thumb|right|View East of Luohu District. The distinctive Shun Hing Square "Di Wang Tower" with green lighting near the top is at 5002 Shennan Road.]]
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[[File:Shenzhen view 2016.jpg|thumb|right|KK100 building viewing West with Futian District behind it viewed from 'Di Wang Tower' in 2016. Hong Kong's wetlands are on the left across the Shenzhen River.]]
The city is elongated measuring 81.4 kilometers from East to West while the shortest section from north to south is 10.8 kilometers. Shenzhen's mostly flat terrain includes the downtown Luohu and Futian districts. Being such a new city, Shenzhen benefits from planned street grids. The quality of the urban planning contributes to excellent local transport infrastructure (see separate Get Around section). This includes its friendliness to wheelchairs (see Wheelchair Access sections below).
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[[Image:Sai Ge Guang Chang, Shenzhen Shi, China (Unsplash).jpg|thumb|View East towards Luoho from Sai Ge Guang Chang (SEG Plaza). Part of Shennan Road is the well illuminated main street. Di Wang Tower and KK100 buildings are both in the distance slightly left of Shennan Road. The bright 'S' shaped line of lighting on the right is the border with Hong Kong.]]
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[[Image:Shenzhen_skyline_viewed_across_Hong_Kong_wetlands.jpg|thumb|Sunset over Futian District CBD viewing NorthWest from across Hong Kong's wetlands. The tallest building in this skyline photo is the Ping An Building.]]
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The city is elongated measuring 81.4 kilometers from East to West while the shortest section from north to south is 10.8 kilometers. Shenzhen's often flat terrain includes the downtown Luohu and Futian districts. Being such a new city, Shenzhen benefits from planned street grids. The urban planning quality contributes to excellent local transport infrastructure (See [[Shenzhen#Get around|"Get around" section below]]). This includes its friendliness to wheelchairs (see Wheelchair Access sections below).
  
Shenzhen is subdivided into 9 districts and 1 "New District" as of the 2016 government plan. The 9 districts are:
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Shenzhen is subdivided into 9 districts and 1 "New District" in the 2016 government plan. The 9 districts are:
  
 
* Bao'an District (宝安区 Bǎo'ān Qū)
 
* Bao'an District (宝安区 Bǎo'ān Qū)
 
* Futian District (福田区 Fútián Qū)
 
* Futian District (福田区 Fútián Qū)
 
* Guangming District (光明区 Guāngmíng Qū)
 
* Guangming District (光明区 Guāngmíng Qū)
* Longgang District 龙岗区 Lónggǎng Qū
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* Longgang District (龙岗区 Lónggǎng Qū)
* Longhua District 龙华区 Lónghuá Qū
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* Longhua District (龙华区 Lónghuá Qū)
 
* Luohu District (罗湖区 Luóhú Qū)
 
* Luohu District (罗湖区 Luóhú Qū)
 
* Nanshan District (南山区 Nánshān Qū)
 
* Nanshan District (南山区 Nánshān Qū)
Line 42: Line 49:
 
Dapeng New District despite being a peninsula at the East of Shenzhen comes under the jurisdiction of Longgang District in central Shenzhen to which Dapeng is separated by Pingshan District. A New District is a management area and an not administrative division registered under the Ministry of Civil Affairs.
 
Dapeng New District despite being a peninsula at the East of Shenzhen comes under the jurisdiction of Longgang District in central Shenzhen to which Dapeng is separated by Pingshan District. A New District is a management area and an not administrative division registered under the Ministry of Civil Affairs.
  
[[Image:ShennanzhongRD.JPG|thumb|Part of Shennan Middle Road.]]
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Shennan Road (Chinese: 深南路; pinyin: Shēnnán Lù) is Shenzhen's principal street. It runs east-west 25.6 km (15.9 mi) in length through Shenzhen's very sizeable downtown area and beyond. Shennan Road spans Luohu, Futian and Nanshan Districts and is divided into three sections:
Shennan Road (Chinese: 深南路; pinyin: Shēnnán Lù) is a major east-west thoroughfare within Shenzhen's elongated layout. Spanning all over Luohu, Futian and Nanshan Districts, the road measures 25.6 km in length. It is divided into three sections:
 
  
 
* Shennan East Road (深南东路) from Yanhe Road to Hongling Road
 
* Shennan East Road (深南东路) from Yanhe Road to Hongling Road
Line 49: Line 55:
 
* Shennan Boulevard (Chinese: 深南大道; pinyin: Shēnnán Dàdào; Jyutping: Sam1 naam4 Daai6 dou6) from Huanggang Road to Nantou Checkpoint
 
* Shennan Boulevard (Chinese: 深南大道; pinyin: Shēnnán Dàdào; Jyutping: Sam1 naam4 Daai6 dou6) from Huanggang Road to Nantou Checkpoint
  
The road is named after the two former settlements (of which both would later be integrated as part of the city of Shenzhen) it links on each end:
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Prior to the designation of Shenzhen as a city in 1979, the road was but a 2.1 km gravel path linking Shenzhen and Shangbu planning area. The road is named after the two former settlements (both later integrated within the city of Shenzhen) it links on each end:
  
 
* Shenzhen Town (深圳镇) in Luohu
 
* Shenzhen Town (深圳镇) in Luohu
 
* Nantou (南头镇) in Nanshan
 
* Nantou (南头镇) in Nanshan
  
Prior to the designation of Shenzhen as a city in 1979, the road was but a 2.1 km gravel path linking Shenzhen and Shangbu planning area. It is known for its skyscrapers flanking its sides but also with greening in some areas. Because of its length and the districts it passes through, Shennan Road is near a great number of Shenzhen's places of interest making it an obvious orientation point for many people.
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Shennan Road's length and downtown location make it an obvious orientation point for many people. See also "Do" section on "Urban Walking'.
  
 
===Climate===
 
===Climate===
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Although Shenzhen is situated about a degree south of the Tropic of Cancer, due to the Siberian anticyclone it has a warm, monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa).
 
Although Shenzhen is situated about a degree south of the Tropic of Cancer, due to the Siberian anticyclone it has a warm, monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa).
  
* Winters are mild and relatively dry, due in part to the influence of the South China Sea, and frost is very rare; it begins dry but becomes progressively more humid and overcast. However, fog is most frequent in winter and spring, with 106 days per year reporting some fog.
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* Winters are mild and relatively dry, due in part to South China Sea influence, and frost is very rare; it begins dry but becomes progressively more humid and overcast. However, fog is most frequent in winter and spring, with 106 days per year reporting some fog.
  
 
* Early spring is the cloudiest time of year, and rainfall begins to dramatically increase in April; the rainy season lasts until late September to early October.
 
* Early spring is the cloudiest time of year, and rainfall begins to dramatically increase in April; the rainy season lasts until late September to early October.
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===Population===
 
===Population===
The question of the population of Shenzhen is a hotly discussed one. Official Chinese population figures have been traditionally affected by the fact that the basis for reporting is those who have official registration or "hukou" in the city. Shenzhen has many immigrant workers whose hukou are for their home town or village, so "official" numbers are wildly low. An advance on this front came a couple of years ago when, for practical purposes, "hukou" was replaced by a residents' registration certificate. This certificate, which is cheap and easy to administer, and which allows for travel to Hong Kong without returning to one's place of origin for passport application, has made population counting easier.
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Shenzhen population is hotly discussed. Depending on where you wish to draw the boundary the population figures for Shenzhen are:
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* City of Shenzhen: 12.1 million as at 2019
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* Shenzhen urban area: 13.1 million as at 2019
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* Shenzhen metropolitan area: 23.3 million as at 2010 (according to the OECD)
  
The Shenzhen Statistics Bureau [http://www.sztj.com/main/xxgk/tjsj/tjgb/gmjjhshfzgb/201004265740.shtml] in April 2010, as of end 2009, says that Shenzhen has an official resident population of 8.91 million, out of which 2.41 million have legal household (hukou) status. The official Family Planning Bureau which bases its figure on police registration data gives the population as 14 million. However, the Shenzhen Municipal Party Committee estimates that the population of Shenzhen is about 20 million, due to the large unregistered floating migrant population living in the city. Note that unlike Shanghai and Beijing which have large rural populations, all of Shenzhen's population is classified as urban. The Shenzhen metropolitan area has an official population of 23 million. A 2010 study conducted by Forbes magazine ranks Shenzhen's population density as the 5th highest in the world.
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However, local authorities estimate that the population of the city of Shenzhen is about 20 million, due to huge numbers of floating migrants un-required to register if staying less than 6 months.
  
 
===Economy===
 
===Economy===
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Shenzhen's Municipal Bureau of Statistics describes Shenzhen's economy to be upheld by its four-pillar industries:
  
Shenzhen is a leading global technology hub, dubbed by media as the next Silicon Valley. Shenzhen is also an extremely fertile ground for startups, be it by Chinese or foreign entrepreneurs. Shenzhen boasts the highest per capita GDP in China, pulling in USD13,581 in 2009, but this is hotly disputed due to the method whereby the population figure is derived. But many observers also point out that, given the preponderance of privately held companies in Shenzhen and the widespread avoidance of tax, it is highly likely that the GDP figure is also severely understated. A walk around Shenzhen's leafy western suburbs will quickly allay any doubts as to the wealth in the city.
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#high-tech
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#finance
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#logistics
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#culture
  
Shenzhen hosts the Shenzhen Stock Exchange as well as the headquarters of numerous multinational companies such as JXD, Vanke, Hytera, CIMC, SF Express, Shenzhen Airlines, Nepstar, Hasee, Ping An Bank, Ping An Insurance, China Merchants Bank, Tencent, ZTE, Huawei and BYD. Shenzhen ranks 12th in the 2018 Global Financial Centres Index. It has the third busiest container port in the world after Shanghai and Singapore as at 2017. Nearby Hong Kong and Guangzhou placed fifth and seventh respectively.
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From being a quiet market town in 1980, the effect of Shenzhen being China's 1st Special Economic Zone has been astounding. Shenzhen ranks:
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* 14th in the 2019 Global Financial Centres Index
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* 8th highest stock exchange market capitalisation globally as at 30 November 2018 with the Shenzhen Stock Exchange's (SZSE) market capitalisation value at US$2.5 trillion
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* 3rd busiest container port on earth in 2017 after Shanghai and Singapore. Nearby Hong Kong and Guangzhou placed fifth and seventh respectively
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* 1st in the 2017 list of Chinese cities by GDP per capita with 183,544 RMB
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* 3rd in the economic output of Chinese cities in 2018 behind only Shanghai and Beijing with nominal GDP of 2.42 trillion RMB (HK$2.87 trillion) up 7.6% year on year surpassing neighbouring Hong Kong's GDP of HK$2.85 trillion and Guangzhou's GDP of 1.98 trillion RMB
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* 1st in the report by Evergrande Research Institute in August 2019 on Chinese cities with the most potential
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Some observers point out that, given the preponderance of privately held companies in Shenzhen and the widespread avoidance of tax, it is highly likely that the GDP figure is severely understated. A walk around Shenzhen's leafy Western suburbs will quickly allay any doubts as to the wealth in the city.
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Shenzhen is a leading global technology hub, dubbed by media as the next Silicon Valley. Shenzhen is an extremely fertile ground for startups, be it by Chinese or foreign entrepreneurs. UNESCO approved Shenzhen's entrance into the Creative Cities Network in December 2008, awarding the title of "United Nations Design Capital".
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[[Image:BYD_K8A_K9FE_C9_C8_K6_T8SA_T3_Electric_Vehicles.jpg|thumb|K8A, K9FE, C9, C8, K6, T8SA, T3 electric vehicles. The highly successful project to electrify Shenzhen's bus and taxi fleet is more than just environmental sense; it's a showcase for vehicles such as these manufactured by Shenzhen headquartered BYD.]]
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Major companies headquartered in Shenzhen include:
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* BYD (vehicle manufacture)
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* China Merchants Bank
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* China Resources Group (conglomerate)
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* CIMC (transportation equipment)
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* DJI (drone manufacturer)
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* Hasee (computers)
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* Huawei (electronics and telecommunications)
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* Hytera (radio systems)
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* JXD (consumer electronics)
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* Nepstar (pharmacy retail)
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* Ping An (banking & insurance)
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* SF Express (courier)
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* Shenzhen Airlines
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* Tencent (internet giant and holding conglomerate)
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* Vanke (real estate developer)
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* ZTE (telecommunications)
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
  
 
===Visa===
 
===Visa===
In most cases, a visa should be obtained from a Chinese embassy or consulate before arriving anywhere in China. See the [[China#Visas|China]] page for more information.
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In most cases, a visa should be obtained from a Chinese embassy or consulate before arriving anywhere in China. There are certain exceptions including visa free transit visits to China. See the [[China#Visas|China]] page for more information.
  
Certain nationalities arriving from Hong Kong can obtain a single-entry five-day Special Economic Zone Tourism Visa on arrival for ¥168-1,000. At the Luohu border (罗湖口岸), the office is on the mainland Chinese side of the river, and is accessible by using the escalator signed "Port Visa" to the left just before immigration control.  It is open 09:00-23:30 seven days a week (the opening time may now be 8AM or earlier)  and accepts RMB and credit cards (Union Pay, Visa and MasterCard). Some credit cards do not process, try to have RMB or back up credit card. The telephone number of the office is +86 755 8232-7700 for enquiries. In theory, the visas are available for most nationalities (with the notable exception of French and Americans), though it should be noted that no nationality is guaranteed a visa and some nationalities (Filipinos and Indians, for example) seem to have had issues. In March 2014 it was observed that Dutch, Australian, Irish and Colombian passport holders were obtaining visas without issue.
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[[File:Shenzhen visa.jpg|thumb|Visa rules]]
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Many nationalities arriving at Shenzhen can obtain a single-entry, five-day tourism visa on arrival (VOA).Shenzhen VOA offices are only at the following entry points and open at the hours listed:
  
[[File:Shenzhen visa.jpg|thumb|Visa rules]]
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# Fuyong:         10:00 - last carrier arrival  (0755)23459289
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# Huanggang:         00:00 - 24:00  (0755)83391060
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# Luohu:    07:00 - 23:30  (0755)82324022
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# Shekou:         09:00 - 13:00 & 14:30 - 17:00  (0755)26691202
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# Shenzhen Airport: 10:00 - last flight arrival (0755)82327700
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See the relevant sections below for more info on each of those entry points. This visa is strictly only valid in Shenzhen. The Shenzhen VOA can neither be extended nor converted meaning holders must leave China before visa expiry. Payment is by RMB or credit card (Union Pay, Visa and MasterCard). Some credit cards do not process, try to have RMB or back up credit card. For most nationalities the Shenzhen VOA fee is the same as a regular visa fee (168 RMB). This though various for countries with a reciprocal visa fee (e.g. the fee is 304 RMB for UK passport holders). National eligibility for Shenzhen VOA changes so the following should be taken only as a rough guide to be checked elsewhere:
  
As of February 2019, fees for a U.K Passport holder are ¥304 at the Luohu crossing from Hong Kong.
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# Most European and developed countries are eligible for the five-day VOA, including US, UK, Canada, French, Australia, Germany, Korea, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland
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# Indonesian and Filipino passport holders can get it only if they have been granted a Chinese visa previously
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# Citizens from the following countries are ineligible: Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Cameroon, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Turkey, Uganda, and Yemen
  
[[File:Shenzhen visa fees.jpg|thumb|Visa fees]]
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Citizens of countries not mentioned should contact the relevant Chinese embassy or port to ask if they can apply for the Shenzhen visa on arrival.
  
Note that there are reports of US passport holders being denied the visa and being fined for entering the Chinese side of the border without a visa/eligibility to obtain a visa. Don’t get fined for arriving without a valid visa! There are conflicting reports regarding the availability of the same five-day visas at other border points between Hong Kong and Shenzhen. There is no visa-on-arrival office at Futian Checkpoint. The reason for the differing fees is that Chinese visa fees are set on a reciprocal basis.
+
[[File:Shenzhen visa fees.jpg|thumb|Visa fees]]
  
Besides the five-day SEZ visa, you may also apply for a full China visa (single and double entry only) at the Luohu border. This visa can be obtained only between the hours of 09.30-16.30. Again, UK passport holders are expected to pay more and US passport holders are not entertained at all. It is better to apply for a ten year multiple entry visa at any consulate in the US for approximately $140 (ten year visa recently introduced for US citizens).  For US passport holders, the length of the visa will depend on the previous visas that have been issued.  The first visa will be double entry, the second will be six month multiple entries, and so forth.  US citizens who were originally Chinese citizens or are married or children of Chinese citizens are eligible for two year multiple entry visas.  If you have an old Chinese visa in another passport, it will be helpful to include the old passport in the visa application.
+
Besides Shenzhen VOA, you may also apply for a full China visa (single and double entry only) at Luohu checkpoint. This visa can be obtained only between the hours of 09.30-16.30. It is better to apply for a ten year multiple entry visa at any consulate in the US for approximately $140 (ten year visa recently introduced for US citizens).  For US passport holders, visa length will depend on the previous visas that have been issued.  The first visa will be double entry, the second will be six month multiple entries, and so forth.  US citizens who were originally Chinese citizens or are married or children of Chinese citizens are eligible for two year multiple entry visas.  If you have an old Chinese visa in another passport, it will be helpful to include the old passport in the visa application.
  
 
Getting a tourist visa in Hong Kong takes from 1 to 3 days and costs HK$150-1,100. A list of costs [http://www.fmcoprc.gov.hk/eng/zgqz/blsjfy/] is available. [[Macau]]'s visa office is less crowded and the hotels are a bit cheaper, but it takes just as long. In general, only single and double entry visas are granted to visitors without HKID cards, although foreigners with previous entries into the mainland and Hong Kong student or work visa holders have been known to be approved for multiple entries.
 
Getting a tourist visa in Hong Kong takes from 1 to 3 days and costs HK$150-1,100. A list of costs [http://www.fmcoprc.gov.hk/eng/zgqz/blsjfy/] is available. [[Macau]]'s visa office is less crowded and the hotels are a bit cheaper, but it takes just as long. In general, only single and double entry visas are granted to visitors without HKID cards, although foreigners with previous entries into the mainland and Hong Kong student or work visa holders have been known to be approved for multiple entries.
Line 139: Line 194:
 
===By air===
 
===By air===
 
[[Image:Shenzhen Bao'an Airport.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Bao'an Airport.]]
 
[[Image:Shenzhen Bao'an Airport.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Bao'an Airport.]]
Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport [http://www.szairport.com] has domestic and international flights. Metro line 11 connects the airport to downtown Shenzhen in 50 minutes, (¥8).
+
Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport [http://eng.szairport.com/] is 32 km (20 mi) northwest of the city centre. In the 1st half of 2019 the airport served just over 25 million passengers making it the 26th busiest airport in the world by passenger numbers. The airport apron has parking spaces for 53 aeroplanes. While most flights are domestic, the airport website lists over 50 international destinations. There is also a helicopter shuttle to/from [[Macau]]'s Terminal Marítimo for over 4000 RMB per person for the 15 minute 1 way trip.
Follow signs to the Ground Transportation Center, and take the metro downtown. Note the metro closes at 11-12 PM, and during rush hour it gets very packed. Line 11 is an express line, so you can purchase business class tickets if you don't want to get squished.
+
 
 +
From the airport arrivals hall, follow signs to the Ground Transportation Centre. Shenzhen airport is accessible to 2 metro lines:
 +
 
 +
* A) Metro line 11 runs from Airport metro station Southwest to Futian station in downtown Shenzhen. As an express line this takes only 25 minutes (price ¥7). Futian is on China's high speed rail (HSR) network with HSR trains to Hong Kong and the HSR hubs at Shenzhen North and Guangzhou South (see [[Shenzhen#By train|"By train" section below]]). Airport North metro station is operational but inaccessible to the airport until Terminal 4 becomes operational (scheduled to be in 2020)
 +
 
 +
* B) Metro line 1 is accessible to Shenzhen Airport via shuttle bus M416 to Hourui metro station. Line 1 runs all the way to Luohu station adjacent to Luohu border checkpoint. Hourui is the optimal station on metro line 1 for Shenzhen airport since the closure of 3 older airport terminals in November 2013. Since then Airport East metro station ironically no longer has airport access. Hourui to Luohu takes 65 mins  (price ¥8)
 +
 
 +
There are many bus routes between the airport and the urban area, most of them via expressways and only cost ¥10 yuan. Cross border buses operate to/from many destinations in Hong Kong mostly via Shenzhen Bay checkpoint.
 +
Local taxis and often some taxis from Dongguan, pick up passengers from 3 designated waiting areas. Taxis to downtown Futian are approximately ¥100 and to Luohu approximately ¥150 including tolls.
 +
 
 +
====Transportation between Hong Kong International Airport and Shenzhen====
 +
Please note with respect to your flight arrival time that Huanggang is the only 24 hour border crossing in Shenzhen. Other Shenzhen land border checkpoints close in some places at 10 pm with all except Huanggang closed from midnight til at least 6.30 am.
 +
 
 +
There are bus, train, ferry and MPV options for travelling between Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) and Shenzhen. Each has its own merits dependent on the intended start/end point in Shenzhen. All train and franchised bus choices require making at least one connection somewhere en route.
 +
 
 +
Travel involving high speed rail (HSR) is the premier transport mode between HKIA and central or especially Northern Shenzhen. HSR travel time is helped in that HSR trains do not stop at the geographic land border.
 +
 
 +
HKIA franchised bus travel to the geographic land border checkpoint crossings has numerous benefits compared to equivalent travel using trains from HKIA all the way across Hong Kong to geographic land border checkpoint crossings. Compared to the equivalent train journey these journeys by bus are:
 +
 
 +
# around 1/2 price
 +
# less circuitous and with less interchanges thus being 30-45 mins quicker and with only 1 rather than 4 connections to carry luggage between
 +
# equipped with free open wifi on airport buses (locations with free open wifi in Hong Kong include the airport, airport buses, railway stations but not on trains. Nor is free open wifi on all of Hong Kong's bus fleet so if you need wifi after landing at Hong Kong airport, use it where it is available)
 +
# very rarely fully occupied offering higher likelihood of seated travel
 +
# better for viewing scenery than trains that travel through extensive tunnels. All the more so from the bus upper deck
 +
 
 +
Hong Kong airport and airline staff (e.g. cabin crew of Hong Kong based airlines) are educated on HKIA public transport by their experience of being its most frequent and regular users. Such people provide real-time, visible, operational endorsement of these buses 365 days a year with their journeys to and from their workplace.
 +
 
 +
'''Bus from HKIA''':
 +
[[Image:A43P_and_NA43_airport_bus_stop_sign_at_San_Tin_PTI_in_Hong_Kong.jpg|thumb|Hong Kong Airport bus A43P and its NA43 night service to Sheung Shui & Fanling makes an additional stop at San Tin PTI that airport bus A43 does not. San Tin PTI and Sheung Shui both offer public transport connections to & from Shenzhen.]]
 +
 
 +
HKIA bus station is clearly signposted coming from HKIA Arrivals Hall and adjacent to the Airport Express rail station.
 +
 
 +
* 1) Franchised bus A43 [http://www.lwb.hk/chi/pdf/A43.pdf] runs to/from the bus station directly opposite Sheung Shui rail station on Hong Kong's East Rail Line. Sheung Shui then has plentiful connection options to border crossings:
 +
 
 +
* A) 1 stop by train to Lo Wu/Luohu (in Luohu district) that closes daily at midnight
 +
* B) by bus to Man Kam To/Wenjindu (in Luohu district) that closes daily at 10 pm
 +
* C) by bus to Sha Tau Kok/Shatoujiao (in Yantian district) that closes daily at 10 pm
 +
 
 +
Sheung Shui also offers a rail connection to Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Checkpoint. However if targeting bus travel from HKIA to Lok Ma Chau, bus A43P below is more direct. Bus A43 between HKIA and Sheung Shui costs 30.90 HKD as at September 2019 and takes 37 mins.
 +
 
 +
* 2) Compared to service A43, franchised services A43P and NA43 (check the schedule [http://www.lwb.hk/chi/pdf/A43_A43P_20160615.pdf]) stop between HKIA and Sheung Shui at San Tin Passenger Transport Interchange (PTI). HKIA bus A43P takes 32 mins to San Tin PTI and 44 mins to Sheung Shui. San Tin PTI has frequent, regular buses to 2 different nearby border checkpoints:
 +
 
 +
* A) Lok Ma Chau/Huanggang (in Futian district) open 24 x 365
 +
* B) Lok Ma Chau Spur Line/Futian (in Futian District) closing daily at 10.30 pm
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Cross boundary shuttle buses visible and green minibus stands at San Tin Public Transport Interchange.jpg|thumb|A distinctively yellow cross boundary shuttle bus to the 24 hour Lok Ma Chau/Huanggang checkpoint is visible in this picture of San Tin PTI. These shuttle buses run every 15 minutes at off-peak schedule.]]
 +
 
 +
3) If travelling to Western Shenzhen, Shenzhen Bay border crossing is the most direct land border crossing from HKIA. As an approximate guide (check online in advance for quirks in the schedule around your likely time of use), the 2 most efficient franchised bus permutations to get to Shenzhen Bay checkpoint from Hong Kong Airport are:
 +
 
 +
* A) Bus A33X from Hong Kong Airport connects at Goodview Garden light rail stop in Tuen Mun with bus B3 that runs to Shenzhen Bay border crossing. The 1st A33X each day with a connecting service for Shenzhen Bay border crossing departs Hong Kong Airport 05.45 am as a once per hour service (becoming a twice per hour connecting service from 07.45 am onwards). The last A33X each day from Hong Kong Airport with a connecting service for Shenzhen Bay border crossing departs HK Airport at 10.15 pm.
 +
* B) Bus A37 from Hong Kong Airport connects at Fortune Kingswood shopping mall in Tin Shui Wai with bus B2P that runs to Shenzhen Bay border crossing. Bus A37 with a connecting service for Shenzhen Bay border crossing departs Hong Kong Airport every 30 mins each day from 09.00 am to 09.30 pm.
 +
 
 +
TILChinalink [https://www.tilchinalink.com] advertise regular unfranchised buses from HKIA to/from Shenzhen Bay checkpoint and 4 locations in Western Shenzhen. The hefty 150 HKD price tag for such a short bus journey between HKIA to Shenzhen Bay checkpoint is disproportionate to prices they advertise between Shenzhen and other locations in Hong Kong. It thus seems likely that their service from HKIA is an MPV (see below).
 +
 
 +
Other journeys are possible between Hong Kong Airport and Shenzhen Bay checkpoint. Although they either take longer and / or require more connections than the journeys suggested above, these other journeys can be useful before 08.45 am and after 9.45 pm. If needed, check online in advance and with free open airport wifi on arrival.
 +
 
 +
[[Image:MTR_CRH380A-0259_G5620(Hong_Kong_West_Kowloon_at_Shenzhenbei)_05-07-2019_cropped_twice.jpg|thumb|A Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL) train at Shenzhen North station.]]
 +
'''Train from HKIA''':
  
In addition to domestic flights, the airport also serves limited international flights from the following destinations:
+
If taking the  train from HKIA all the way to the border, take the Airport Express train from Hong Kong International Airport and then either:
  
* '''Air Asia''' [http://www.airasia.com] flies direct from Bangkok, Thailand as well as Kuala Lumpur and Kota Kinabalu in Malaysia.
+
* 1) Disembark at Kowloon Station and walk from there to the adjacent West Kowloon High Speed Rail station. High Speed Rail (HSR) runs Northbound from West Kowloon cross-border to Futian, Shenzhen North, Guangmingcheng and Shenzhen Pingshan stations all in Shenzhen before progressing onward. HSR from West Kowloon is the premier transport mode to central or especially Northern Shenzhen. See [[Shenzhen#High Speed Rail (HSR) from Hong Kong|"High Speed Rail (HSR) from Hong Kong"]] section below for more info.
* '''Silkair''' [http://www.silkair.com] and '''Scoot''' [http://www.flyscoot.com/en/] fly direct from Singapore.
 
  
There is also a helicopter service from Terminal Marítimo in [[Macau]] to Shenzhen Airport [http://www.helihongkong.com], though it is very expensive.
+
* 2) A) Change at Tsing Yi on to the to Lai King; B) then change to the Tsuen Wan MTR line to Prince Edward; C) then change to the Kwun Tong MTR line to Kowloon Tong; D) then change to the East Rail MTR line to Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau. This costs 70 HKD and takes 85/90 minutes to Lo Wu/Lok Ma Chau (see [[Shenzhen#Hong Kong Land Border Crossings|"Hong Kong Land Border Crossings"]] section below). If a particular journey from HKIA to mainland China means Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau Spur Line is the optimal border crossing, travel from HKIA across Hong Kong's MTR network to the border is more expensive (approx double the cost), time consuming (30-45 mins longer), convoluted and troublesome compared to A43/A43P/NA43 bus options described above to those border crossings. There are though people who make the lengthier/costlier airport journey by MTR through lack of knowledge of bus options or (somewhat ironically considering the gigantic emissions footprint that goes with air travel), through environmental preference of electric train over petroleum fuelled bus. The choice is yours.
  
Taxis to central Futian are approximately ¥100 and to Luohu approximately ¥150 including tolls.
+
'''Ferry from HKIA''':
 +
[[Image:Shekou Cruise Center.jpg|thumb|Shekou ferry terminal.]]
 +
Ferries from Hong Kong Airport "Skypier" operate direct to/from 6 destinations in mainland China including 2 in Western Shenzhen:
  
''' Airport Shuttle Bus''' You should mark down the Schedule Table, so as not to miss the bus.
+
* A) Fuyong Port at Shenzhen Airport
 +
* B) Shekou Port
  
# From Luohu check point to Hualian Mansion, in addition to taxi, one can take No. 215 and get off at the station of "Xinhua Hotel" or take No.25 and No. 12 and get off at the station of "Technology Gallery".
+
This option avoids going through Hong Kong passport control and customs. Ask at the ferry ticket booth at the airport for them to transfer your luggage. Then take the free airport driverless train to the Skypier and then straight to mainland China. Shenzhen metro access is available at both Shenzhen Airport and Shekou Port. People exiting China this way receive HKD 120 departure tax at HKIA.  
# One who holds the ticket of FM, MF, 3C and HU gets off at waiting hall of terminal A. And the passengers who hold the tickets of ZH, CA, MU, SC and international flights get off at waiting hall of terminal B.
 
  
====Transportation from Hong Kong International Airport to Shenzhen====
+
'''MPVs''':
'''Public transport''' A cheap and quite comfortable way to Shenzhen is to take the Airport Express train from Hong Kong Interantional Airport to Tsing Yi, then the Tung Chung underground line to Lai King, then the Tsuen Wan Line to Prince Edward, then the Kwun Tong Line to Kowloon Tong and then the East Rail suburban rail line to Lo Wu. This costs in total $60 ('''ie: the Airport Express fare with no additional cost because free transfers are permitted with your Airport Express Octopus usage; if you pay by cash, the total fare would be $107.5''') and takes 78 minutes to Lo Wu. Another option is to take the bus from the airport to Sheung Shui (Deluxe Express Bus A43) and transfer to the East Rail line. Taking the bus is cheaper (HK$30.90) and faster (1 hour vs 90 minutes by rail), and saves you the hassle of carrying luggage around the crowded MTR network during the multiple interchanges. Moreover, the buses are nearly never full so you are almost guaranteed a seat and a view of the outside for the whole journey. The bus terminus is to the right of the Airport Express station coming from Arrivals of HKIA. From Lo Wu, you pass through a long corridor and a large international border gate (make sure to have your visa ready for this) after which you'll find youself on the mainland, where the Shenzhen underground (Metro) and buses will take you from Luohu station to the rest of Shenzhen and the airport.
 
  
'''Ferry'''
+
A number of private companies operate MPVs between HKIA and destinations in Shenzhen and Shenzhen Airport. These MPVs disingenuously/misleadingly/comically/insultingly (take your pick of any of those) advertised as 'luxury limousine' would be more accurately described to the uninitiated as 7 seat minivans. While they are comfortable enough, they are neither limousines nor luxurious. MPVs are the most expensive (and polluting) shared public transportation from HKIA to the land border. The are basically glorified minibuses with the only genuinely competitive benefit they offer for travel between HKIA and Shenzhen being that they operate direct to/from locations they serve without interchange en route.
There is also ferry service from Hong Kong airport to Shenzhen, check at the information desk for their schedule.  A further alternative is to take "Skypier". This service takes you direct from HKIA to the mainland (Shekou area in Shenzhen, Shenzhen Airport Fuyong Terminal or Zhuhai) without going through Hong Kong immigrations or customs or in fact the city itself. There is a booth before you get to immigration and you purchase your ticket and ask them to get your luggage transferred and then you go by skytrain to the ferry and then straight to China. When arriving in China you may find a long queue waiting for a taxi. It is often much faster to take the metro to get close to your destination in Shenzhen, and then take a taxi from there. Using the ferry to get from HKIA to Shenzhen is cheaper, easier, and faster than going into Hong Kong Central or Kowloon. If you exit China this way you get HKD120 departure tax given to you when you arrive at HKIA.
 
  
'''Private Limousine Van Service'''
+
* MPVs between HKIA and Shenzhen's Huanggang Checkpoint in Futian District cost HK$150 per person (this price may be out of date). This fee includes ferrying you onwards to some destinations within Shenzhen (e.g. hotels) after you have cleared the China immigration at the border. It is worth clarifying on arrival at HKIA information desk. On the trip from Huanggang Checkpoint to HKIA, directions to the MPV vans to HKIA are clearly signposted at Huanggang Checkpoint after passport control and customs.
There are a number of companies that operate luxury vans from HKIA to destinations in Shenzhen and Shenzhen Airport. They typically involve crossing via the Shenzhen Bay Bridge Customs Point. Passengers are often not even required to leave the vehicle at the border post, with the driver handling all the passports and details. Costs can be from HK$200 upwards. It is a unique experience, being driven on the left side of the road in Hong Kong and then the right side once on the mainland. All in all it takes about 2 hours. When using the van service from Shenzhen to HKIA, book it at your hotel, the price is usually CNY200.
 
  
You can get a taxi van from HK International Airport to Shenzhen via the Huanggang border for HK$150. This fee includes ferrying you onwards to some destinations within Shenzhen (e.g. hotels) after you have cleared the China immigration, but do clarify with the airport service counter staff first.
+
* Other services involve border crossing at Shenzhen Bay Checkpoint. Passengers are often not required to leave the vehicle at the border post, with the driver handling all the passports and details. Costs can be from HK$200 upwards per person. All in all it takes about 2 hours.
 +
 
 +
The service from Shenzhen to HKIA can be booked at your hotel. The price is usually CNY200.
  
 
===By land===
 
===By land===
 +
====High Speed Rail (HSR) from Hong Kong====
 +
[[Image:CRH380As_at_Shenzhenbei_on_18_Feb_2019_cropped.jpg|thumb|The Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL) train on the left in this picture at Shenzhen North is identifiable by the MTR Corporation logo. The rest of China's HSR network trains are operated by state owned CRH.]]
 +
HSR trains in China whoosh along at speeds up to 350 km/h on their fastest sections making it second only to the Shanghai Airport Maglev as the quickest passenger train services on earth. HSR runs Northbound from West Kowloon station in Hong Kong to 4 stations in Shenzhen. Trains depart from West Kowloon from 7 am with the last departure from there gone before 11 pm. As at September 2019, approx journey times and one way adult ticket costs from West Kowloon station are:
 +
 +
* Futian:            14 mins, HKD76, 36 direct trains per weekday plus additional trains at weekends
 +
* Shenzhen North:    18 mins, HKD84, 66 direct trains per day
 +
* Guangmingcheng:    31 mins, HKD106, 3 direct trains per day (8 additional trains Northbound from Shenzhen North stop here. Trains depart Shenzhen North between 8 am and 7 pm)
 +
* Shenzhen Pingshan: 60 mins, HKD97,  3 direct trains per day (18 additional trains Eastbound from Shenzhen North stop here. Trains depart Shenzhen North between 8 am and 6 pm)
 +
 +
HSR is the premier transport mode to/from central or especially Northern Shenzhen. HSR from West Kowloon is an even better choice if using HSR to travel further into mainland China via the HSR hub at Shenzhen North. West Kowloon station has free open wifi like all rail stations in Hong Kong. HSR trains do not stop at the geographic land border (passport and customs requirements are actioned at West Kowloon station). See the MTR high speed rail website[https://www.highspeed.mtr.com.hk/en/main/index.html] for the latest schedule and pricing info.
 +
 +
====Hong Kong land border checkpoint crossings====
 +
As at August 2019, The Hong Kong Immigration Dept website[https://www.immd.gov.hk/eng/contactus/control_points.html] lists 6 land border checkpoint crossings operational between Hong Kong and Shenzhen. A 7th has been reported scheduled to open by the end of 2019. 4 of these are among the world's 7 busiest land border crossings in 2017. All open 7 days per week but with varying opening hours. See list below for details on each of those pairs of control points.
 +
 +
Until metro line 8 opens in mid 2020, Shatoujiao checkpoint is Shenzhen's only operational land border checkpoint without Shenzhen metro access. As per the [[Shenzhen#By metro|"By metro"]] section below, the ease of use the bargain priced Shenzhen metro is invaluable to those who do not speak Chinese. The Shenzhen metro accessible border crossings include the 2 accessible via urban rail in Hong Kong. Hong Kong East Rail Line trains connecting Hung Hom with Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau Spur Line checkpoints depart every few minutes during service hours (see paragraphs below for specifics on each). Some short trips operate from Hung Hom, so check the destination screen before boarding. For more details, see the MTR web site [http://www.mtr.com.hk].
  
===Hong Kong land border crossings===
+
MTR East Rail Line trains are usually crowded and around rush hours (8-9 am and 5-7 pm) are overcrowded. The line is also heavily used by traders moving goods between Shenzhen and Hong Kong for re-sale. Spare seats are especially difficult to find on the section between Kowloon Tong and Sheung Shui. The front carriage is usually last to fill in both directions and the best bet for obtaining a seat without paying for a 1st class ticket. Hong Kong's MTR East Rail Line connects with the other MTR lines in Hong Kong. For travellers from Hong Kong Island, it is suggested to consider transferring from a Cross Harbour Tunnel bus to Hung Hom Station. Hung Hom Station exit A is the 1st bus stop North of the Cross Harbour Tunnel. Cross Harbour Tunnel buses on Hong Kong Island begin with number 1 (101, 102, 103, 104  etc). Boarding the East Rail Line at Hung Hom station has a massively higher likelihood of obtaining a seat compared to those who transfer from the green MTR Kwun Tong Line at Kowloon Tong station.
As at April 2019 there are six pairs of land border crossings with another under construction. The existing six includes two accessible via urban rail networks on both sides of the border.
 
  
In Shenzhen even though the Huanggang (皇岗口岸) and Futian checkpoints (福田口岸) are only a few hundred metres apart, they are different land crossings paired with different control points in Lok Ma Chau on the Hong Kong side. On the Shenzhen side, there are large buildings between the Huanggang and Futian checkpoints making it impractical to walk between the two. On the Hong Kong side the two Lok Ma Chau border control stations are over 2 km apart by road and linked by bus. The pairs of land border crossings are (listed by order of location, East to West):
+
The pairs of land border checkpoints are (listed by order of location, East to West):
  
* Sha Tau Kok/Shatoujiao (in Yantian district)
+
* 1) Sha Tau Kok/Shatoujiao (in Yantian district). Open 07.00 - 22.00 as a road vehicular border gateway between Hong Kong and places in Eastern Guangdong Province (e.g. Huizhou and Chaoshan). The crossing bridges the opposite sides of the East flowing Sha Tau Kok river (although at this stage of its flow it is more like a stream). This is the only land crossing between Hong Kong and Shenzhen that does not cross the (West flowing) Shenzhen River / Shenzhen Bay. Sha Tau Kok Express buses depart from the bus stations opposite Fanling and Sheung Shui rail stations running to Shatoujiao Checkpoint in Shenzhen via Sha Tao Kok Checkpoint in Hong Kong. Fanling is the nearer of the 2 to Sha Tau Kok. Shatoujiao checkpoint will be given metro access when metro line 8 opens in June 2020.
* Heung Yuen Wai/Liantang (in Luohu district) scheduled to open mid 2019
+
 
* Man Kam To/Wenjindu (in Luohu district)
+
* 2) Heung Yuen Wai/Liantang (in Luohu District). It has been reported as scheduled to open by the end of 2019 to road vehicles and pedestrians. A plan feature is a joint arrivals hall built across the Shenzhen River. Shenzhen metro line 2 is being extended to access Liantang checkpoint.
* Lo Wu/Luohu (in Luohu district). Lo Wu railway station in Hong Kong is the only public access to Lo Wu control point. Luohu in Shenzhen is accessible to the public by urban rail (metro green line 1) and road (see "By Bus" section below)
+
 
* Lok Ma Chau/Huanggang (in Futian district). This is the only 24 hour border crossing between Hong Kong and Shenzhen. This crossing is accessible via bus services on both sides. Also, Huanggang Checkpoint metro station is on Shenzhen metro blue line 7. Huanggang's paired control point at Lok Ma Chau has a bus interchange and is connected by bus to Lok Ma Chau railway station 2 km away
+
* 3) Man Kam To/Wenjindu (in Luohu district). Open 07.00 - 22.00 to road vehicles across the West flowing Shenzhen River that forms the border. Man Kam To Express buses depart from the bus station opposite Sheung Shui rail station running to Wenjindu Checkpoint in Shenzhen via Man Kam To Checkpoint in Hong Kong. Wenjindu Checkpoint is accessible from Wenjin station on purple line 9 on the Shenzhen metro.
* Lok Ma Chau Spur Line/Futian (in Futian district). This crossing connects with urban rail on both sides. Futian Checkpoint station is on the red metro line 4 and is also accessible by bus / road. Futian Checkpoint metro station should not be confused with Futian station elsewhere in Shenzhen (See "By Train" section below for info on the separate Futian station accessed from Hong Kong by high speed rail - high speed trains from Hong Kong do not stop at the border). Futian's paired control point at Lok Ma Chau Spur Line is accessible via Lok Ma Chau railway station. Lok Ma Chau Spur Line is connected by bus to Lok Ma Chau bus terminus 2 km away
+
 
* Shenzhen Bay/Shenzhen Wan (in Nanshan district) which is at the end of a long bridge across Shenzhen Bay connecting Ngau Hom Shek in Hong Kong with Dongjiaotou in Shenzhen. Hong Kong passport control and customs are located on the mainland China side of the bridge
+
[[Image:Public transport signs on arriving at Luohu from Hong Kong.jpg|thumb|Luohu checkpoint in Shenzhen is 1/2 of the world's 3rd busiest land border crossing. Most arrivers from Hong Kong descend from the checkpoint straight into Luohu metro station entrance A. Shenzhen Railway Station is also nearby.]]
[[Image:Shenzhen Bay Bridge 2.jpg|thumb|The Shenzhen Bay Bridge forms part of the Shenzhen Bay Port.]]
+
* 4) Lo Wu/Luohu (in Luohu district). Open 6:30 am - midnight. This is the world's 3rd busiest land border crossing with 81 million people crossings in 2017. It is one of the 2 MTR accessed border crossings. Lo Wu is the last stop on this one of the two sections of the MTR East Rail Line. Traveller then cross the border by footbridge. East Rail runs from downtown Kowloon in Hong Kong at Hung Hom Station. The last train to Lo Wu departs Hung Hom a few minutes after 11 pm. The journey from Hung Hom to Lo Wu takes 45 minutes. Subsequent trains from Hung Hom terminate at Sheung Shui. Lo Wu is in Hong Kong's Border Restricted Area with MTR East Rail the only means of public access. A one way ticket costs HKD40 (you can save about HKD4 if you get off and exit the gates at Sheung Shui and get back on again from Sheung Shui to Lo Wu.)  First class is charged double. Lo Wu Station is only open for subsequent travel to Shenzhen or beyond, and a valid travel document is required to travel there. It is often very crowded especially at rush hour, weekends and holidays. Luohu in Shenzhen is accessible to the public by urban rail (metro green line 1) and road.
 +
 
 +
* 5) Lok Ma Chau/Huanggang (in Futian district). Open 24 x 365 (the only 24 hour border crossing between Hong Kong and Shenzhen). This is the world's 7th busiest land border crossing with over 37 million people crossings in 2017. This crossing is accessible only to road vehicles. Huanggang Checkpoint metro station is on Shenzhen metro blue line 7. Huanggang Checkpoint metro station exit D is approximately a 5 min walk by footbridge over a Shenzhen urban bus station from where the actual border checkpoint is located.
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Yellow shuttle bus outside the Cross Boundary Shuttle Bus San Tin Terminus at San Tin PTI.jpg|thumb|The Cross Boundary Shuttle Bus Terminus is at the core of San Tin Public Transport Interchange.]]
 +
[[Image:20190917 San Tin PTI (5).jpg|thumb|right|As well as the cross boundary shuttle buses, numerous buses and minibuses run from San Tin PTI mostly but not exclusively to destinations in Hong Kong's New Territories.]]
 +
[[Image:Red minibus number 17 from Sheung Shui to Yuen Long at San Tin PTI (landscape).jpg|thumb|Red minibus #17 en route to Yuen Long from Sheung Shui stopped on the main road outside San Tin PTI.]]
 +
[[Image:20190917 San Tin PTI road sign (2) cropped.jpg|thumb|On leaving San Tin PTI the cross border shuttle buses head for Huanggang in Shenzhen via Lok Ma Chau checkpoint.]]
 +
 
 +
Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint in the closed border area is served by the nearby open access Lok Ma Chau San Tin Public Transport Interchange (PTI). San Tin PTI is home to  San Tin Cross Border Shuttle Bus Terminus. Yellow coloured shuttle buses run from San Tin PTI via Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint and then across the Shenzhen River to Huanggang Checkpoint. These shuttle buses run 24 x 365, every 5 - 15 mins depending on time of day. The shuttle bus ticket cost is 10 hkd. Passengers using the shuttle buses should:
 +
 
 +
* A) Enter the Terminal and buy the shuttle bus ticket. Cash or Octopus card are accepted for payment. San Tin PTI has no Octopus card top up facility
 +
* B) Board the shuttle bus outside the terminal exit
 +
* C) Retain your ticket for use later in the journey
 +
* D) Disembark from the shuttle bus on arrival at Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint
 +
* E) Proceed through Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint passport control and customs
 +
* F) On exiting customs, proceed to the end of the row of bus stops to where the yellow shuttle buses can be re-found
 +
* G) Deposit your ticket into the transparent ticket box that is in the custodianship of a ticket inspector at the shuttle bus stop
 +
* H) Re-board the shuttle bus to complete the journey over to Huanggang Checkpoint
 +
 
 +
In addition to the yellow shuttle bus connecting San Tin PTI with Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint and Huanggang Checkpoint, other bus services use San Tin PTI:
 +
 
 +
Buses:
 +
 
 +
* 76K between Ching Ho Estate / Sheung Shui and Long Ping
 +
* 276B between Choi Yuen / Sheung Shui and Tin Shui Wai
 +
* A43P and night service NA43 Airport Express buses between HKIA and Sheung Shui and Fanling. Note that Airport Express buses A43P and NA43 stop at San Tin PTI; Service A43 (i.e. without the 'N' or 'P'), does not stop at San Tin PTI
 +
* B1 between Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point and Tin Shui Wai / Yuen Long
 +
* N73 night bus between San Tin PTI and Sha Tin Central
 +
* Shuttle bus between San Tin PTI and The Boxes shopping mall 250 metres away on the other side of San Sham Road
 +
 
 +
New Territories green minibuses:
 +
* 44B between Tuen Mun and San Tin PTI (extending from San Tin PTI to Lok Ma Chau Control Point during the night service)
 +
* 75 between Yuen Long and Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point
 +
* 78 between Pat Heung Road near Tai Lam Bus Interchange and San Tin PTI
 +
* 79S is a night service between Tin Shui Wai, Yuen Long and Lok Ma Chau Control Point
 +
* 616S is a night service between Mong Kok and Lok Ma Chau Control Point
 +
 
 +
Red minibuses (operating from the road in front of the interchange):
 +
 
 +
* 17 between Sheung Shui and Yuen Long
 +
* Un-numbered red minibus from Kwun Tong via Sha Tin and Sheung Shui displaying a destination of Lok Ma Chau and terminating at San Tin PTI. Due to infrequency of this service, people considering this service are keenly recommended to check the schedule in advance[http://www.16seats.net/eng/rmb/r_kn77.html]
 +
[[Image:Wan_Chai_bus_at_Lok_Ma_Chau_checkpoint.jpg|thumb|right|The bus from Wan Chai operated by All China Express having dropped off passengers at Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint.]]
 +
 
 +
The dedicated Hong Transport Department web page has details of public transport utilising Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint [https://www.td.gov.hk/en/transport_in_hong_kong/land_based_cross_boundary_transport/access_to_lok_ma_chau_control_point/index.html]. That includes short-haul cross border buses operated by All China Express to Huanggang checkpoint completely bypassing San Tin PTI. These short-haul cross border buses disembark and re-embark passengers en route at Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint similar to that described above for shuttle bus passengers at Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint. Ticket prices vary by journey length with the most expensive being 52 HKD from Wan Chai as at August 2019 with a 5 HKD surcharge for night services. Prices are reasonable if looking for a direct service between the locations served and Huanggang checkpoint. Check the weblink provided for each route for details of stops en route:
 +
 
 +
* A) Kam Tin (Kam Sheung Road Station Public Transport Interchange, daily from 6.30 a.m. to 8.00 p.m.)[https://www.td.gov.hk/en/transport_in_hong_kong/land_based_cross_boundary_transport/access_to_lok_ma_chau_control_point/kam_tin_route/index.html]
 +
* B) Kwun Tong (Lam Tin Station Public Transport Interchange, 24 x 365)[https://www.td.gov.hk/en/transport_in_hong_kong/land_based_cross_boundary_transport/access_to_lok_ma_chau_control_point/kwun_tong_route/index.html]
 +
* C) Mong Kok (Arran Street outside Golden Plaza, 24 x 365)[https://www.td.gov.hk/en/transport_in_hong_kong/land_based_cross_boundary_transport/access_to_lok_ma_chau_control_point/mong_kok_route/index.html]
 +
* D) Tsuen Wan (Tsuen Wan Discovery Park Public Transport Interchange for departure during the period from 5.30 a.m. to 10.30 p.m., Tsuen Wan Station Nam Fung Centre Bus Terminus for departure during the period from 10:30 p.m. to 5.30 a.m. the next day)[https://www.td.gov.hk/en/transport_in_hong_kong/land_based_cross_boundary_transport/access_to_lok_ma_chau_control_point/tsuen_wan_route/index.html]
 +
* E) Tsim Sha Tsu/Yau Ma Tei (Austin Road Cross Border Coach Terminus, 24 x 365)[https://www.td.gov.hk/en/transport_in_hong_kong/land_based_cross_boundary_transport/access_to_lok_ma_chau_control_point/yau_tsim_route/index.html]
 +
* F) Wan Chai (Wan Chai North Temporary Public Transport Interchange, 24 x 365) [https://www.td.gov.hk/en/transport_in_hong_kong/land_based_cross_boundary_transport/access_to_lok_ma_chau_control_point/wan_chai_route/index.html]
 +
 
 +
[[Image:Shenzhen Huanggang border crossing direction to HK.jpg|thumb|right|Sign at Huanggang border crossing in Shenzhen pointing to buses to Hong Kong]]
 +
For the opposite direction in these journeys, after passport control and customs at Huangang, passengers buy a ticket from the ticket office for one of the routes listed at the ticket booths. Buses then take passengers over the river to Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint where passengers disembark for Hong Kong passport control and customs. Passengers then re-board buses near the customs exit point.
  
The China High Speed Rail service from Hong Kong is not included above since passport control and customs services are actioned at West Kowloon station in Hong Kong and not at the land border (see By Train section instead). Visitors to Shenzhen via the above land border crossings are likeliest to use Low Wu and/or Lok Ma Chau crossings.
+
[[Image:Huanggang border checkpoint bus ticket office.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Huanggang border checkpoint ticket office for buses to Hong Kong]]
  
Lo Wu/Luohu is one of the two rail border crossings and is the most popular crossing point. Operating daily, 6:30 am - midnight, the last train to Lo Wu departs Hung Hom a few minutes after 11 pm. Subsequent trains terminate at Sheung Shui. Lo Wu is the last stop of the MTR East Rail Line. East Rail runs from downtown Kowloon in Hong Kong at Hung Hom Station. Because Lo Wu is in Hong Kong's Border Restricted Area, MTR East Rail is the only means of public access. Lo Wu Station is only open for subsequent travel to Shenzhen or beyond, and a valid travel document is required to travel there. It is usually very crowded especially on weekends and holidays.
+
Note that in Hong Kong, Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint and Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Checkpoint are completely separate border crossings 2 km apart by road. While San Tin PTI has services to both checkpoints, no bus runs directly between the two checkpoints. In Shenzhen even though the respective Huanggang (皇岗口岸) and Futian checkpoints (福田口岸) are only a few hundred metres apart, there are large buildings between the Huanggang and Futian checkpoints making it impractical to walk between the two.
  
For travelers to Futian District including the Free Trade Zone and other destinations in Central and Western Shenzhen, the most convenient Hong Kong MTR route is to Lok Ma Chau station. Lok Ma Chau connects directly across the border to Shenzhen Metro red line 4 Futian Checkpoint station. The MTR train follows the same route as the Lo Wu service but turns off after the penultimate station. The last train to Lok Ma Chau departs Hung Hom a few minutes after 9:30 pm.
+
* 6) Lok Ma Chau Spur Line/Futian (in Futian District). 6:30 am to 10:30 pm. This is the world's 5th busiest land border crossing with with over 59 million people crossings in 2017. For travellers to Futian District and other destinations in Central and Western Shenzhen, the most convenient Hong Kong MTR route is to Lok Ma Chau station. Lok Ma Chau is the last stop on this one of the two sections of the MTR East Rail Line. Travellers then cross the border by footbridge. Lok Ma Chau connects directly across the border to Shenzhen Metro red line 4 Futian Checkpoint station. The MTR East Rail train follows the same route from Hung Hom as the Lo Wu service but turns off after the penultimate station at Sheung Shui. The last train to Lok Ma Chau departs Hung Hom a few minutes after 9:30 pm. Futian Checkpoint station is on the red metro line 4 and is also accessible by bus / road. Futian Checkpoint metro station should not be confused with Futian station elsewhere in Shenzhen (See [[Shenzhen#By train|"By Train"]] section below for info on the separate Futian station accessed from Hong Kong by high speed rail). Futian's paired control point at Lok Ma Chau Spur Line is accessible via Lok Ma Chau railway station.
  
Hong Kong's MTR East Rail Line connects with the other lines on the MTR. For travelers from Hong Kong Island, it is suggested to transfer from a cross harbor bus outside Hung Hom Station exit A. Alternatively, take KMB route 968, and changing from route B1 at YOHO Mall I, Yuen Long - it's cheaper.
+
The checkpoint has 2 road public transport services both to/from the West (MTR trains to the checkpoint run to/from the East). Those road services are:
  
The journey from Hung Hom to Lo Wu takes 45 minutes and costs HK$40, first class is charged double. (However generally you can save about HK$4 if you get off and exit the gates at Sheung Shui and get back on again from Sheung Shui to Lo Wu.)
+
* Bus B1
 +
* Green minibus 75
  
Trains depart every few minutes but some short trips operate in rush hour, so check the destination screen before boarding. The train can be crowded during rush hours (8-9 A.M. and 5-7 P.M.) as it serves millions of commuters. The line is also heavily used by traders moving goods from Hong Kong to Shenzhen for resale.
+
Both run to/from Yuen Long town centre from where other destinations in Western New Territories can be reached by road and rail. Among public transport destinations from Yuen Long is also bus 968 to Hong Kong Island via the Western Harbour Tunnel.
  
For more details, see the MTR web site [http://www.mtr.com.hk].
+
Bus B1 and green minibus 75 operate via San Tin PTI. San Tin PTI offers many more connections than Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Checkpoint. However other than the 2 afore mentioned road public transport services to/from Yuen Long and beyond, most destinations from Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Checkpoint are quickest reached using the MTR from the checkpoint. The likeliest exception to that is using the Hong Kong airport bus A43P to/from San Tin PTI. Details of public transport to / from Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point are on the dedicated Hong Transport Department web page [https://www.td.gov.hk/en/transport_in_hong_kong/access_to_lok_ma_chau_spur_line_control_point/index.html].
  
Road border crossings (such as Lok Ma Chau/Huanggang) are accessible by coaches from en route from various locations in Hong Kong including Kam Tin (Kam Sheung Road), Kwun Tong, Mong Kok, Tsim Sha Tsu, Tsuen Wan and Wan Chai. As examples, the Tsim Sha Tsui service stops en route in Yau Ma Tei; the Wan Chai service stops en route in Sheung Wan and Central. Huanggang Checkpoint metro station exit is approximately a 8 - 10 min walk by footbridge over a Shenzhen urban bus station from where the actual border checkpoint is located. After passport control and customs when traveling to Hong Kong, passengers buy a ticket from the ticket office for one of the eight routes listed. Coaches then take passengers across the bridge over the river to Hong Kong where passengers disembark for Hong Kong passport control and customs. Coaches then re-unite with passengers near the exit point from customs. Ticket prices vary by route but are around 50 HKD as at April 2019.
+
[[Image:Shenzhen Bay Bridge 2.jpg|thumb|The Shenzhen Bay Bridge forms part of the Shenzhen Bay Port.]]
 +
* 7) Shenzhen Bay (in Nanshan district) is the world's 6th busiest land border crossing with over 45 million people crossings in 2017. It is located at the end of a long bridge across Shenzhen Bay connecting Ngau Hom Shek in Hong Kong with Dongjiaotou in Shenzhen. Hong Kong passport control and customs are located in a terminal shared with mainland China border authorities on the Shenzhen side of the bridge. A distinctive landmark visible from the checkpoint is the nearby bullet shaped China Resources Building supertall skyscraper (see Architecture section of this web page). Hong Kong Transport Department's website [https://www.td.gov.hk/en/transport_in_hong_kong/access_to_shenzhen_bay_port/index.html] lists bus and minibus services from Hong Kong to Shenzhen Bay checkpoint as:
  
There are yellow coloured cross-border shuttle buses between Huanggang checkpoint and Lock Ma Chau. Shuttle buses between the control points run 365 days per year, every 5 - 15 mins depending on time of day. The shuttle bus ticket cost is 10 hkd.
+
* Buses B2/B2P from Yuen Long Station Public Transport Interchange / Tin Tsz Estate Bus Terminus
 +
* Buses B3/B3A/B3X from Tuen Mun Pier Head / Ming Kum LRT Station / Tuen Mun Town Centre
 +
* Green minibus 618 from Tin Shui Wai (Tin Yan Estate)
  
As well as the cross border coaches mentioned above, public transport is available from Lok Ma Chau Control Point bus terminus to other parts of Hong Kong:
+
TILChinalink [https://www.tilchinalink.com/] run unfranchised, cross border buses between Hong Kong and Shenzhen Bay checkpoint and 4 further destinations in Western Shenzhen. As an example price, Wan Chai to Shenzhen Bay checkpoint is 55 HKD. These buses are useful for the direct services offered to/from approx 30 locations in Hong Kong. Anyone interested should check the website directly.
  
* Franchised KMB buses 76K, 276B, B1, N76, N277
+
====By train====
* Green Minibus routes NT 44B, 44B1, 75, 78, 79S, 605, 616S
+
Shenzhen is served by several mainline intercity railway stations of which 5 serve HSR. While Shenzhen North is the HSR hub in Shenzhen, Shenzhen North does not serve the HSR trains that operate to/from Shenzhen Station.
* Red minibus from Kwun Tong (via Tai Wai, Sha Tin, CUHK, Tai Po, Fanling, Sheung Shui)
 
  
MPV style vans fitting 6 people leave from HK island and Kowloon to Shenzhen and back. 790 CNY.
+
[[Image:[email protected]_(20180927161411).jpg|right|thumb|HSR train at Futian station.]]
 +
* <see name="Futian Station" alt="Futian Zhan" address="" directions="Shenzhen Metro lines 2, 3, 11." phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Futian station (Chinese: 福田站; pinyin: Fútián Zhàn; Jyutping: Fuk1 Tin4 Zaam6) is a downtown interchange between Shenzhen Metro lines 2, 3 and 11 and the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong HSR link (simplified Chinese: 广深港高速铁路; traditional Chinese: 廣深港高速鐵路). The station opened on 28 June 2011 serving the Shenzhen Metro. Since 30 December 2015 it has been the first underground HSR station on a long-distance line in China. It opened as the 2nd largest underground mainline rail station on earth with floor area the size of 21 football pitches (2nd only to New York’s Grand Central Terminal).
  
===By train===
+
Futian station should not be confused with Futian Checkpoint metro station elsewhere in Shenzhen. Futian is a Southern district of Shenzhen with Futian station in the central business district. Futian is the first HSR station in mainland China after the HSR leaves Hong Kong.
  
Shenzhen is served by numerous intercity railway stations including one such station serving high speed trains from Hong Kong that do not stop at the border.
+
The first level underground is a concourse with passport control, customs and passenger lounges. The second and third underground levels serve Shenzhen Metro trains. At the fourth level underground is the HSR.</see>
  
[[Image:Futian_Railway_Station.jpg|left|thumb|Futian Railway Station]]
+
[[Image:Guangmingcheng_Railway_Station_Platforms_cropped.jpg|right|thumb|Guangmingcheng station platforms]]
* <see name="Futian Station" alt="Futian Zhan" address="Shekou" directions="Longhua  #4 (red) & Luobao #1 (green) Line Futian Metro Station" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Futian station (Chinese: 福田站; pinyin: Fútián Zhàn; Jyutping: Fuk1 Tin4 Zaam6) is a station on the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High Speed Rail link, and the first station in mainland China after the train leaves Hong Kong. Futian station should not be confused with Futian Checkpoint metro station elsewhere in Shenzhen. Travelers from Hong Kong are required to fulfill passport control and customs requirements at West Kowloon station in Hong Kong before boarding the train; the high speed train does not stop at a border crossing point.
+
* <see name="Guangmingcheng Station" alt="Chinese: 光明城站" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> In Guangming district in Northern Shenzhen, this station is on the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong HSR link. Many trains between Shenzhen North and Guangzhou South do not stop when passing through Guangmingchen.</see>
  
Futian is in the southern district of Shenzhen, where the central business district is located. The station opened on 28 June 2011 serving the Shenzhen Metro, and since 30 December 2015 it has been the first underground high speed railway station on a long-distance line in China. It serves as an interchange station between the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High Speed Rail link (simplified Chinese: 广深港高速铁路; traditional Chinese: 廣深港高速鐵路) and Line 2, Line 3 and Line 11 of the Shenzhen Metro. The first level underground is a concourse for reaching both the metro trains and the high speed intercity trains. Passenger lounges and customs and immigration facilities are located here. The second and third underground levels serve Shenzhen Metro trains. At the fourth underground level are the platforms for China Railway High-speed (CRH) intercity trains arriving from Guangzhou and cities farther along the line.</see>
+
[[Image:CRH1_EMU_Head.jpg|right|thumb|Guangzhou - Shenzhen HSR shuttle train at Shenzhen station]]
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* <see name="Shenzhen Station" alt="Shenzhen Zhan 深圳站" address="Luohu" directions="Luohu Metro Station (green line 1)" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="22.531407" long="114.117969" email="" fax=""> Shenzhen station (Chinese: 深圳站; pinyin: Shēnzhèn Zhàn, formerly Shum Chun station) or Shenzhen Luohu station (Chinese: 深圳罗湖站; pinyin: Shēnzhèn Luóhú Zhàn), was first opened as Shum Chun in 1911. Originally at Dongmen in Luohu at what was then the market town of Shenzhen/Shum Chun, Shenzhen station was relocated in 1950. This station was in turn demolished in 1983 and successively rebuilt and re-modelled multiple times to its current scale.</see>
  
[[Image:Platform_2_of_Guangmingcheng_Station.JPG|left|thumb|Platform 2 of Guangmingcheng Station]]
+
Shenzhen station has a North-South alignment located immediately North of the East-West running Hong Kong border. Shenzhen station is the Guangshen Railway (previously known as Chinese section of the Kowloon–Canton Railway or KCR) Southern terminus. The Guangshen Railway meets what was known as the British section of the KCR at nearby Lo Wu station in Hong Kong (the British section of the KCR is now known as the Hong Kong East Rail Line). KCR trains between Hung Hom downtown in Hong Kong's Kowloon and Guangzhou East run through Lo Wu and Shenzhen station but do not stop at either nor any other stations in Shenzhen. The only scheduled stop en route for passengers on the KCR is at Dongguan Changping station.
* Guangmingcheng Station (Chinese: 光明城站) in Guangming district is a railway station on the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link.
 
  
[[Image:Shenzhen-Gare.jpg|left|thumb|Shenzhen Railway Station]]
+
Six platform Shenzhen station serves mostly Guangdong provincial trains and a handful of long-distance sleeper trains from other major cities. A HSR shuttle service runs every 10-15 minutes from/to Guangzhou East Station (with alternate services from/to Guangzhou station. Both Guangzhou East and Guangzhou station have many more long-distance connections). HSR from Shenzhen to Guangzhou East and Guangzhou station does not journey through the Shenzhen North HSR hub (See Shenzhen North below). Guangzhou East is approx 1 hour away and costs 80 RMB one way. Shenzhen station is accessible to Luohu metro station and adjacent to Luohu border checkpoint.
* <see name="Shenzhen Station" alt="Shenzhen Zhan 深圳站" address="Luohu" directions="Luobao Line #1 (green), Luohu Metro Station" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="22.531407" long="114.117969" email="" fax=""> Shenzhen station (Chinese: 深圳站; pinyin: Shēnzhèn Zhàn, formerly Shum Chun station) or Shenzhen Luohu station (Chinese: 深圳罗湖站; pinyin: Shēnzhèn Luóhú Zhàn), is located across from Luohu Commercial City in the Luohu district of Shenzhen, Guangdong and is the southern terminus of the Guangshen Railway. Shenzhen station was first opened as Shum Chun, as the last stop of the mainland Chinese section of the Canton-Kowloon Railway in 1911. This station situated in Dongmen, in what was then the market town of Shenzhen/Shum Chun. It was relocated near its current location on the China-Hong Kong border, opposite Lo Wu station, in 1950. This station was in turn demolished in 1983 and successively rebuilt and re-modelled multiple times to its current scale.
 
  
The station is located immediately north of the border from Hong Kong in a north-south alignment. The Guangshen Railway joins the East Rail Line in Hong Kong just south of the station, where Lo Wu Station on the Hong Kong MTR is located. The Shenzhen Metro system has Luohu Station nearby on a lower level connected with Shenzhen Station. It's a fairly small, but clean and well-organized station serving mostly Guangdong regional trains and just a handful of long-distance sleeper trains to other major cities. A high-speed shuttle service runs every 10-15 minutes to Guangzhou East Station (with alternate services continuing to Guangzhou main station - both GZ East and GZ have much more long-distance connections) - it takes approx 1 hour and costs 80RMB one way. Tickets for this service are available from a separate ticket office or from self-service machines and there is a separate platform entrance. For those only visiting the city for a day and then heading somewhere else, on the ground floor of this station there is a luggage storage facility located all the way at the end of the station (opposite to the direction you just arrived from Hong Kong).</see>
+
[[Image:Shenzhen_East_Railway_Station_Platform_cropped.jpg|right|thumb|Shenzhen East Railway Station]]
  
The Hong Kong to Guangzhou East train (previously referred to by many in English as the Kowloon - Canton Railway) passes through Shenzhen station but does not stop here nor at any other station on Shenzhen. The only scheduled stop en route for passengers on this service is at Dongguan Changping station. This train does not stop at a border checkpoint.
+
* <see name="Shenzhen East Station" alt="simplified Chinese: 深圳东站; traditional Chinese: 深圳東站; pinyin: Shēnzhèndōng Zhàn Zhan 深圳站" address="Buji" directions="Metro lines 3 and 5" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Formerly known as each of Pu Kut station and Buji station (布吉站), Shenzhen East is in the town of Buji in Longgang District in North East Shenzhen. Shenzhen East station interchanges the Guangshen Railway with Buji metro station accessing Shenzhen Metro lines 3 and 5. Shenzhen East exclusively serves non-HSR trains. Trains at Shenzhen East are middle and long-distance from e.g. Sichuan, Human, Hubei, Jiangxi and Anhui provinces. Long-distance trains from Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Guilin and Fuzhou relocated to Shenzhen East from Shenzhen station.</see>
[[Image:Shenzhen_East_Railway_Station.JPG|left|thumb|Shenzhen East Railway Station]]
 
* "Shenzhen East Station" (simplified Chinese: 深圳东站; traditional Chinese: 深圳東站; pinyin: Shēnzhèndōng Zhàn), formerly Pu Kut station and Buji station (布吉站), serves the town of Buji in Shenzhen. It is a stop on the Guangzhou–Shenzhen Railway. The new Shenzhen East serves lower speed trains of middle and long-distance; e.g. trains to Sichuan, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi and Anhui provinces. Long-distance trains to Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Guilin and Fuzhou relocated to Shenzhen East from Shenzhen station.  
 
  
The station opened in 1911 as a freight and Level 3 passenger station (三等站) on the Kowloon–Canton Railway. Initial renovation works commenced in 2004. The station building was demolished in April 2008, and work began on the construction of a new passenger hub that was completed by the end of October 2012. In September 2012, it was announced that the new station would be named "Shenzhen East Station". The Shenzhen East name was originally assigned to a proposed Longgang Station on the Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway, currently named Shenzhen Pingshan Station.
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Shenzhen East station opened in 1911 as a freight and Level 3 passenger station (三等站) on the Kowloon–Canton Railway. Initial renovation works commenced in 2004. The station building was demolished in April 2008, and work began on the construction of a new building completed by the end of October 2012. In September 2012, it was announced that the refurbished station would be named "Shenzhen East Station". The Shenzhen East name was originally assigned to a proposed station on the Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway, currently named Shenzhen Pingshan Station (see Shenzhen Pingshan below).
  
[[Image:Shenzhen_North_Railway_Station_in_construction.jpg|left|thumb|Shenzhen North Station during construction]]
+
[[Image:Platforms_of_Shenzhenbei_Railway_Station_on_18_Feb_2019.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen North]]
* <see name="Shenzhen North Station" alt="Shenzhen Bei Zhan 深圳北站" address="MinZhi" directions="Longhua #4 (red) & Huanzhong #5 (purple) Line,  Shenzhen North Metro Station" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="22.61096" long="114.029453" email="" fax=""> Like Futian station, Shenzhen North is part of China's high speed rail network. This new and modern station in the northern Bao'an district, has high speed services to Guangzhou South and beyond to Wuhan. Future high speed link to Fujian province has started trial operations. This station is not to be confused with an older freight station of the same name in Luohu district as still marked on some maps.</see>
+
* <see name="Shenzhen North Station" alt="Shenzhen Bei Zhan 深圳北站" address="MinZhi" directions="Shenzhen Metro red line 4, purple line 5" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="22.61096" long="114.029453" email="" fax=""> Shenzhen North's 20 platforms make it Shenzhen's largest railways station. It is the hub of 3 sets of HSR tracks:</see>
  
[[Image:SZS_EastSq.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Pingshan Rail Station East Square]]
+
* A) From the Northwest at Guangzhou South (the enormous Guangzhou South's 28 platforms make it China's equal 5th largest rail hub as at December 2017)
* "Shenzhen Pingshan Station" (Chinese: 深圳坪山站; pinyin: Shēnzhèn Píngshān Zhàn; Jyutping: sam1 zan3 ping4 saan1 zaam6) is a high-speed railway station on the Xiamen-Shenzhen Railway.The station is located in the Pingshan New District of Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province, China. The station opened to the public on 28 December 2013.
+
* B) From the Northeast at Chaoshan
 +
* C) From the South at West Kowloon in Hong Kong
  
It was originally designated as Shenzhen East railway station in initial government announcements. However this former name has now been used to rename Buji railway station as of December 2012. In February 2013, the name of Shenzhen Xincheng Station was adopted by the local railway bureau, however this was dismissed by national railway authorities in October, 2013. This was due to existence of another Xincheng Station on the Chinese rail network. In order to avoid any repetition of names and to reflect localities better, it was deemed that the new station would be named Shenzhen Pingshan railway station, after the district of Shenzhen that it is located in.
+
Note Shenzhen North does not serve the Guangzhou and Guangzhou East HSR shuttle trains to Shenzhen station (See Shenzhen Station above). The HSR network configuration makes journeying between Shenzhen station and Shenzhen North impractical by HSR. Alternatives such as changing metro lines at Conference and Exhibition Centre station are recommended should anyone wish to travel between Shenzhen North and Shenzhen station.
  
[[Image:Shenzhenxi.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen West Railway Station]]
+
Shenzhen North's is in the Northern Bao'an. Shenzhen North's excellent Shenzhen Metro access via red line 4 and purple line 5 with be increased when line 6 opens in June 2020. Shenzhen North station is not to be confused with an older freight station of the same name in Luohu district as still marked on some maps.
* <see name="Shenzhen West Station" alt="Shenzhen Xi Zhan" address="Shekou" directions="Shekou Line #2 (orange) Chiwan Metro Station" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Located in Nanshan district offering few & limited services to other parts of Guangdong and some other Chinese provinces.</see>
 
  
===By bus===
+
[[Image:SZ_Pingshan_Platform.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Pingshan station]]
 +
* <see name="Shenzhen Pingshan Station" alt="Chinese: 深圳坪山站; pinyin: Shēnzhèn Píngshān Zhàn; Jyutping: sam1 zan3 ping4 saan1 zaam6" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Shenzhen Pingshan as the name indicates is in Shenzhen's Pingshan district in North East Shenzhen. HSR trains from/to the East of Shenzhen North run via Pingshan from/to Chaoshan and beyond. Shenzhen Pingshan opened to the public on 28 December 2013.</see>
 +
 
 +
Shenzhen Pingshan was originally designated as Shenzhen East railway station in initial government announcements (See Shenzhen East above). However this former name has now been used to rename the former Buji railway station as of December 2012. In February 2013, the name of Shenzhen Xincheng Station was adopted by the local railway bureau, however this was dismissed by national railway authorities in October 2013. This was due to existence of another Xincheng Station on the Chinese rail network. In order to avoid any repetition of names and to reflect localities better, it was deemed that the new station would be named Shenzhen Pingshan railway station, after the district of Shenzhen that it is located in.
  
There are several long-distance bus stations. The most convenient is Luohu Bus Station adjacent to Luoho rail station and the border crossing. Luoho has regular buses to Dongguan, Guangzhou (Tianhe, Liuhua and Guangyuan stations), Zhuhai, Foshan, Zhongshan, Shantou and many other cities in Guangdong. Unlike most bus stations there is no ticket office - instead bus station employees will ask you where you are going and will direct you to the bus and you buy your ticket from the conductor on board. NOTE if you are going to Guangzhou it's important to check which bus station you will arrive at (qu na ge zhan? - lit. Go to which station?) - if you arrive at Tianhe or Liuhua bus stations then both have direct subway connections, but many go to Guangyuan bus station which is in Baiyun district and requires a long connection by bus to the city centre.
+
[[Image:DF11-0008_Leaving_Shenzhen_West_Station.jpg|thumb|Train departing Shenzhen West Railway Station]]
 +
* <see name="Shenzhen West Station" alt="Shenzhen Xi Zhan" address="Shekou" directions="Orange line 2, Chiwan Metro Station" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Located in Nanshan district offering non-HSR services from/to other parts of Guangdong and some other Chinese provinces.</see>
  
Be sure to watch out for scams at the Shenzhen bus station. For example, if you are traveling between Hong Kong Airport and Shenzhen Airport, you may need to transfer between vehicles when crossing the border from Hong Kong to Shenzhen. Your bus or limo company may supply you a sticker to attach to your shirt. When you cross over to the Shenzhen side of the border, a scam artist may spot your sticker, claim to work for the bus or limo company you are using, and demand that you pay an additional fee to complete the journey. To prevent this from happening, go to the actual counter or stall that represents the bus or limo company you are using. The bus or limo companies are aware of this problem but have no incentive to correct it, nor do the local authorities care, so you need to be extra careful when crossing the border.
+
====By bus====
 +
[[Image:SZ_深圳_Shenzhen_僑社汽車客運站_Qiaoshe_Bus_Terminal_01_carpark_April-2012.JPG|thumb|Qiaoshe Bus Terminal in 2012.]]
 +
Shenzhen has several long-distance bus stations. Luohu Bus Station is adjacent to Luoho border checkpoint and Shenzhen Railways Station. Luoho has regular buses to Dongguan, Guangzhou (Tianhe, Liuhua and Guangyuan stations), Zhuhai, Foshan, Zhongshan, Shantou and many other cities in Guangdong. Luohu bus station has no ticket office - instead bus station employees will ask where you are going and direct you to the bus to buy your ticket from the conductor on board. NOTE if you are going to Guangzhou it's important to check which bus station you will arrive at (qu na ge zhan? - lit. Go to which station?). If you arrive at Guangzhou's Tianhe or Liuhua bus stations, both have metro connections. Many buses travel from/to Guangyuan bus station in Guangzhou's Baiyun district requiring a lengthy bus connection from/to Guangzhou city centre.
  
 
===By sea===
 
===By sea===
There are ferries from [[Hong Kong]] (Tsim Sha Tsui, Central (also know as HongKong/Macau Ferry Port) and HK airport), [[Macau]], and [[Zhuhai]]. Most services land at the ferry terminal at Shekou. The Shenzhen Prince Bay Cruise Homeport is a new terminal complex, opened in November 2016, that caters for ferries across the Pearl River Delta and is China's first purpose built cruise ship terminal. It is located 1.5km South-West of the previous Shekou Ferry Terminal. There are free shuttle buses from the old terminal where the Shenzhen Port Metro Station is also located. The new terminal is large and spacious, overcoming the cramped and lack of facilities at the old site.
+
====Shekou Harbour Ferry Terminal====
 +
[[Image:2_ferries_at_Shekou_Cruise_Centre.jpg|thumb|Shekou ferry terminal.]]
 +
The current ferry terminal in Shekou in Southwest Shenzhen opened in November 2016. It serves ferries from/to across the Pearl River Delta:
 +
 
 +
* A) Hong Kong International Airport (see "By Air" section above for more info): 14 services per day of 30 mins duration
 +
* B) Hong Kong Sheung Wan (aka Hong Kong Macau Ferry Terminal): 8-9 services per day of 1 hr duration
 +
* C) Macau Maritime Ferry Terminal: 12-13 services per day of 1 hr duration
 +
* D) Macau Taipa Ferry Terminal: 8-9 services per day of 1 hr duration
 +
* E) Zhuhai Jiuzhou Port: 25 services per day of 1 hr duration
 +
* F) Zhuhai Wailingding Island Ferry Terminal: 1 service per day of 70 mins duration
 +
 
 +
This is China's first purpose built cruise ship terminal. It is located 1.5 km Southwest of the previous Shekou Ferry Terminal. There are free shuttle buses from the old terminal where the Shenzhen Port Metro Station is located. The large, spacious new terminal surpasses the old site's cramped, lack of facilities.
 +
 
 +
The cruise terminal is set to become the home port for several cruise ships targeting the Chinese market. Initially Virgo Cruises and Silver Shadow Cruises will operate from the port.
  
There is further information available online: Hong Kong Ferry Info [http://www.cksp.com.hk/eng/skypier/introduction/main.html],  Ferry service to Macau is frequent, but ferry service to HK is rather limited.  Ferry services to Hong Kong International Airport are frequent, but you will need an air ticket to be able to use them, as it bypasses HK immigration at the HKIA Skypier. There are regular ferries to Zhuhai too.
+
====Shenzhen Airport Fuyong Port Ferry Terminal====
 +
[[Image:Fuyong_ferry_pier_passengers_disembarking.jpg|thumb|Passengers disembarking at Fuyong ferry pier.]]
 +
Fuyong Port in Western Shenzhen is approx 6 km from Shenzhen Baoan International Airport terminal. Fuyong relocated to its present location in 2010. There is a free shuttle bus from the ferry port arriving at the airport at:
  
The cruise terminal is set to become the homeport for several cruiseships targeting the Chinese market. Initially Virgo Cruises and Silver Shadow Cruises will operate from the port.
+
* Terminal A Arrivals, gate 3
 +
* Terminal B Arrivals, gate 6
  
Shenzhen Ferry Info [http://www.szgky.com/en/index.asp]. As with buses, be extremely careful about scams, don't accept a "taxi" ride from the men who walk up to you, just walk straight out to the taxi line or the metro stop behind it.  The ferry police only have authority over the ferry and the parking lot and cannot do anything about scams that happen just outside the parking lot.
+
Fuyong serves ferries to/from:
  
There is also a ferry port at Shenzhen Airport Fuyong which features a bonded service to HK Airport avoiding HK customs and immigration plus check-in facilities for some flights leaving from HKIA. There are also limited services connecting the airport to Hong Kong, Macau and Zhuhai.
+
* A) Hong Kong International Airport: 4 services per day of 40 mins duration
 +
* B) Macau Maritime Terminal: 6 services per day
 +
* C) Macau Taipa Terminal: 1 service per day
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
Shenzhen being such a new city has the advantage of a planned street grid. The quality of the urban planning is reflected in excellent transport infrastructure. The often flat terrain is advantageous for bicycles and electric vehicles.
+
Shenzhen being such a new city has the advantage of a planned street grid. Urban planning quality reflects in excellent transport infrastructure. The often flat terrain is advantageous for bicycles and electric vehicles.
  
===Wheelchair access===
+
'''Shenzhen Tong (深圳通)''' facilitates further convenience of public transport in Shenzhen. This stored value card is similar to an Octopus card in Hong Kong, Oyster card in London etc. Touch the card on the turnstile reader on entering and exiting the station. The card can be bought from a separate stand at metro stations, as well as from special machines. At Luohu station, the stand is located at Exit A. The stand displays the Shenzhen Tong cards and they cost 50 yuan. It can also be used for convenience store purchases.
A review of Shenzhen in January 2019 reported, "Shenzhen wheelchair access travel is superior to most other Chinese cities, largely as a result of the recent construction of so much of the city." Wheelchair friendliness is another beneficiary of Shenzhen's often flat terrain.
 
  
All Shenzhen's metro lines are wheelchair accessible. Physically disabled passengers are among those to whom the Shenzhen metro is free.
+
===Wheelchair, disabled and priority friendliness===
 +
[[Image:SZ 深圳 Shenzhen 車公廟站 Metro Chagongmiao Station platform June 2017 IX1 curtain doors cropped.jpg|thumb|The wheelchair symbol indicates the optimal door for wheelchair users on this metro platform 5 train at Chegongmiao metro station in Shenzhen.]]
 +
[[Image:Shenzhen_Metro_wheelchair_space_cropped.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen metro wheelchair spaces are marked on the train inside as in this picture as well as outside of the train.]]
 +
[[Image:Shenzhen_metro_priority_seats_cropped.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen metro priority seats]]
 +
[[Image:Signs_indicating_1)_Chegongmiao_Station_2)_Priority_Carriages_for_Women_3)_Line_1_direction_to_Luohu.jpg|thumb|"Priority Carriages for Women" sign at line 1 of Chegongmiao Station.]]
  
Shenzhen's first 25 buses specially disabled friendly buses went into operation in 2006 on route No. 59 (and the corresponding N6 night service), running between Bu Xin bus terminal in Luohu District and Window of the World in Nanshan. Many of the Shenzhen's new-energy buses include wheelchair friendly facilities such as:
+
A review of Shenzhen in January 2019 reported, "Shenzhen wheelchair access travel is superior to most other Chinese cities, largely as a result of the recent construction of so much of the city." All Shenzhen's metro lines are wheelchair accessible. Physically disabled passengers are among those to whom the Shenzhen metro is free. Wheelchair friendliness is another beneficiary of Shenzhen's often flat terrain.
 +
 
 +
Shenzhen's first 25 buses specially disabled friendly buses went into operation in 2006 on route No. 59 (and the corresponding N6 night service), running between Bu Xin bus terminal in Luohu District and Window of the World in Nanshan. Shenzhen's new-energy buses often include wheelchair friendly facilities such as:
  
 
* lower floors
 
* lower floors
Line 278: Line 488:
  
 
===By metro===
 
===By metro===
[[Image:Shenzhen Metro (Rapid Transit) System Map.png|thumb|400px|Shenzhen Metro Map]]  
+
[[Image:Shenzhen Metro (Rapid Transit) System Map.png|thumb|Note that the Line 9 Hongshuwan South - Qianwan extension included in this map is not in service until the end of November 2019.]]
 +
[[Image:Pillared direction signs to platforms at Chegongmiao Station.jpg|thumb|Chegongmiao Station is the 2nd 4 line metro interchange in China after Century Avenue in Shanghai.]]
 +
[[Image:2019-09-14 Chegongmiao station overhead lighting.jpg|thumb|Chegongmiao station passageways prone to peak time overcrowding have numbered, coloured arrows on overhead lighting to assist navigation.]]
 +
The excellent, ever expanding Shenzhen Metro (深圳地铁) is the most convenient and easy to understand method of transport around the Shenzhen city area. Reliable, regular, clean, efficient, inexpensive and safe. Since Shenzhen hosted the 2011 Universiade Games, signs, exit guides and announcements at metro stations as well as on trains are also in English. Hence it is very easy to get around the metro without Chinese skills. [http://www.szmc.net/page/eng/index.html See the excellent Shenzhen Metro English language website]
  
The Shenzhen Metro (深圳地铁) [http://www.szmc.net/index.jsp] is the most convenient and easy to understand method of transport around the Shenzhen city area. Reliable, regular, clean, efficient, inexpensive and safe. Since Shenzhen hosted the 2011 Universiade Games, signs, exit guides and announcements at metro stations as well as trains are also in English. Hence it is fairly easy to get around the system without Chinese skills.
+
The Shenzhen Metro opened in December 2004 as the second rapid transit system in Guangdong province and 7th in mainland China at that time (8th in the People's Republic of China [PRC] since Hong Kong has the 2nd oldest metro system in the PRC after Beijing). The initial line numbering system was subsequently replaced by line names and then subsequently reverted back to line numbers again. On 12 July 2019 it set a new record for its peak daily ridership at 6.63 million. By annual ridership it is 4th busiest anywhere in China and 7th busiest on earth. The extension opened on 28 September 2019 put the Shenzhen metro at that date at:
  
Trains come every 3 minutes or so and the metro runs until 11PM. Fares are ¥2-9. Children under the height of 120 cm or aged below 6 may ride for free when accompanied by an adult. The metro also offers free rides to senior citizens over the age of 65, the physically disabled and military personnel. Tickets for children between 120 cm and 150 cm, or aged between 6 and 14 years, or middle school students, are half priced.
+
* 7th longest in China (including Hong Kong by now dwarfed at just over 1/2 the length of the Shenzhen metro) and 12th longest on earth with 293.8 km (182 mi) of trackage operating on 8 lines
 +
* 5th most metro stations in the PRC and 12th most on earth with 205 stations
  
There is a relatively high standard of public courtesy on the Shenzhen Metro. Some customs are unusual to foreigners. For example people will often give their seats up to young children. The system is being rapidly expanded and the numbering system for the lines, was replaced by names, then reverted to numbers again. The Shenzhen Metro currently has 8 lines, 199 stations, and 286km (178 miles) of total trackage in operation
+
The system is being extended at a jaw droppingly ambitious rate encapsulating so much about Shenzhen's breathtaking expansion, development and 'can do' attitude. Extensions currently at the planning or construction stage are progressing rapidly with schedules to go into operation regularly in the years ahead. By 2030 the network is projected to be longest on earth with 8 express and 24 non-express lines operating 1142 kilometres (709 miles) of trackage.
  
{| class="wikitable" style="cell-padding:1.5; font-size:96%; text-align:center;"
+
The 1st trains start at different times on each line between 6.00 and 6.30 am. Trains then arrive every few minutes. Like so many places, during rush hour the metro gets packed. The last journeys on lines commence from starting points around 23.00 and complete around midnight at their terminii. On special occasions the metro is extended later by a further hour. There is a relatively high standard of public courtesy on the Shenzhen Metro. Some customs are unusual to foreigners. For example people will often give their seats up to young children.
! data-sort-type="text"style="width:120px;"|Line
 
! class="unsortable" colspan="2" style="width:450px; line-height:1.05"|Terminals<br><small>(District)</small>
 
! Opened
 
! Latest<br>Extension
 
! style="line-height:1.05"| Length<br><small>/km</small>
 
!Stations
 
!Former Name
 
|-
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| '''Line 1'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Luohu'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Airport East'''
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2004
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2011
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 41.04
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 30
 
|'''Luobao Line'''
 
|-
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| '''Line 2'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"|  '''Chiwan'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"|  '''Xinxiu'''
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2010
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2011
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 35.78
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 29
 
|'''Shekou Line'''
 
|-
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| '''Line 3'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Yitian'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Shuanglong'''
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2010
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2011
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 41.66
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 30
 
|'''Longgang Line'''
 
|-
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| '''Line 4'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Futian Checkpoint'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Qinghu'''
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2004
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2011
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 19.96
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 15
 
|'''Longhua Line'''
 
|-
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| '''Line 5'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Qianhaiwan'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Huangbeiling'''
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2011
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| —
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 40.00
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 27
 
|'''Huanzhong Line'''
 
|-
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| '''Line 7'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Xili Lake'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Tai'an'''
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2016
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| —
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 30.3
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 28
 
|
 
|-
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| '''Line 9'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Hongshuwan South'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Wenjin'''
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2016
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| —
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 25.33
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 22
 
|
 
|-
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| '''Line 11'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Futian'''
 
|style="text-align:center; width:225px; line-height:1.05"| '''Bitou'''
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 2016
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| —
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 51.94
 
|style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05"| 18
 
|'''Airport Line'''
 
|-class="sortbottom"
 
| colspan="5" style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05" |'''Total'''
 
!286.2
 
|'''199'''
 
| style="text-align:center; line-height:1.05" |
 
|}
 
  
Chegongmiao station (simplified Chinese: 车公庙站; traditional Chinese: 車公廟站; pinyin: Chēgōngmiào Zhàn; Jyutping: Ce1 Gung1 Miu2 Zaam6; literally: 'Che Kung Temple station'), downtown in Futian District is the passenger nucleus of the Shenzhen Metro system. It is the first metro four-line interchange hub in Shenzhen, and the second in mainland China after the Century Avenue station in the Shanghai Metro. Chegongmiao is on lines 1, 7, 9 and 11 of the Shenzhen metro. It is located underneath Shennan Road, at the west of Xiangmihu Road. It is near China Merchants Bank Tower and Donghai Pacific Mall.
+
If not using Shenzhen Tong (see above for more info), buy metro tokens at station concourse token vending machines. Token machines only accept notes of 5 and 10 yuan. Machines often reject old or worn notes. Line 11 as an express line includes business class carriages. Ticket machines dispense a round plastic token (yellow for business class, green for non-business class). Touch the token on the reader on the entry turnstile and deposit it in the slot on the exit turnstile. Fares are distance based (¥2-14).
  
[[Image:Shenzhen Metro Line 4 Train 20141124.JPG|thumb|The Shenzhen Metro is the sixth rapid transit system in mainland China and second such system in Guangdong.]]
+
* Children under the height of 120 cm or aged below 6 ride for free when accompanied by an adult
Buy metro tickets at ticket machines on station concourses. Note that single ticket vending machines only accept notes of 5 and 10 yuan. The machine will dispense a round green plastic token. Touch it on the reader on entering the station and deposit it in the slot on the turnstile on leaving. The machines often reject old or worn notes.  
+
* The metro also offers free rides to citizens aged over 65, the physically disabled and military personnel
 +
* Tickets are half priced for children between 120 cm and 150 cm, or aged between 6 and 14 years, or middle school students.
  
'''Shenzhen Tong'''
+
Chegongmiao station (simplified Chinese: 车公庙站; traditional Chinese: 車公廟站; pinyin: Chēgōngmiào Zhàn; Jyutping: Ce1 Gung1 Miu2 Zaam6; literally: 'Che Kung Temple station'), downtown in Futian District is the Shenzhen Metro passenger nucleus. It is the 2nd metro four-line interchange hub in China after Century Avenue station in the Shanghai Metro. Chegongmiao is on metro lines 1, 7, 9 and 11. Passageways within the station prone to peak time overcrowding have coloured arrows on overhead lighting to assist navigation. Chegongmiao station is located underneath Shennan Road, at the west of Xiangmihu Road. It is near China Merchants Bank Tower and Donghai Pacific Mall.
The most convenient way to travel is to buy a Shenzhen Tong (深圳通) card. This is a stored value ticket. Touch it on the turnstile reader on entering and leaving the station. It can also be used for purchases in convenience stores. The card can be bought from a separate stand at metro stations, as well as special machines. At Luohu station, the stand is located at Exit A. The stand displays the Shenzhen Tong cards and they cost 50 yuan.
 
  
 
===By bus===
 
===By bus===
[[File:EBUS 651 1.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Eastern Bus]]
+
[[File:SBG_59_ZK6120HG_cropped.jpg|thumb|Route 59 was the first Shenzhen bus route to have wheelchair friendly buses.]]
In an world leading step against global climate extreming, all 16,000 Shenzhen buses are electric. This makes standing at a Shenzhen bus stop a very different experience to inhaling the choking pollution at a bus stop in nearby Hong Kong.
+
[[Image:HK_SZ_Shenzhen_%E5%AF%B6%E5%AE%89%E5%8D%80_BaoAn_%E8%A5%BF%E7%92%B0%E8%B7%AF_Xihuan_Road_%E6%96%87%E5%8D%9A%E5%AE%AE_Wenbo_Palace_chinese_gate_sign_n_bus_385_April_2017_IX1_cropped.jpg|thumb|Bus 385 at the gate of Wenbo Palace, Xihuan Road, Baoan.]]
 +
In a world leading step against global climate extreming, all 16,000 Shenzhen buses are electric. This makes standing at a Shenzhen bus stop a very different experience to inhaling the choking pollution at a bus stop in nearby Hong Kong.
  
 
There are three kinds of city buses: orange short route buses, green longer route buses, and express buses.
 
There are three kinds of city buses: orange short route buses, green longer route buses, and express buses.
Line 398: Line 528:
 
Cycling is not as popular as in Beijing for example but Shenzhen is nearly as cycle-friendly as neighbouring Guangzhou, and much more cycle-friendly than most of neighboring Hong Kong, Macau, and Humen. Downtown is relatively flat and traffic is not as heavy as in other cities (thanks to a good road infrastructure, although bicycle lanes can be sporadic which means bicycles have to run in the vehicle lanes or sidewalks).  
 
Cycling is not as popular as in Beijing for example but Shenzhen is nearly as cycle-friendly as neighbouring Guangzhou, and much more cycle-friendly than most of neighboring Hong Kong, Macau, and Humen. Downtown is relatively flat and traffic is not as heavy as in other cities (thanks to a good road infrastructure, although bicycle lanes can be sporadic which means bicycles have to run in the vehicle lanes or sidewalks).  
  
There is a new bike path that runs along a new park the length of the Shenzhen Bay, opened up for the Universiade in July 2011. From there you can go up along the Shahe (Sand River canal) most of the way to the GZ Greenway without crossing any vehicular traffic.  Unfortunately the GZ greenway is not well marked, so it can be difficult to find your way from Shenzhen to neighboring cities such as Guangzhou. Another small canal also runs north from the southwest of Shenzhen Bay Port, connecting to the bayfront park bike path.
+
There is a new bike path that runs along a new park the length of the Shenzhen Bay, opened up for the Universiade in July 2011. From there you can go up along the Shahe (Sand River canal) most of the way to the Guangzhou Greenway without crossing any vehicular traffic.  Unfortunately the Guangzhou greenway is not well marked, so it can be difficult to find your way from Shenzhen to neighbouring cities such as Guangzhou. Another small canal also runs north from the southwest of Shenzhen Bay Port, connecting to the bayfront park bike path.
  
The  Bike rental card is a bit of a hassle to get. You need to go to the fourth floor of the hotel by Shekou Wal-mart on XingGong Road. Go to the fourth floor, where the bike rental office is located. Bring your passport, a copy of your passport and 215RMB (115RMB deposit, and 100RMB credit). Ask for option 3. You will need to fill out a form with basic information such as your passport number, date of birth, address, telephone number etc. You will get a receipt to keep if you want to cancel the bike service. After you have filled out the form and paid the deposit the receptionist will give you a demonstration of how to use your new card. [http://http://www.lovesz.net/2014/10/lets-go-ride-bike/ How To Get a Bike Rental Card]
+
The  Bike rental card is a bit of a hassle to get. By Shekou Wal-mart on XingGong Road, go to the nearby hotel's 4th floor to the bike rental office. Bring your passport, a copy of your passport and 215RMB (115RMB deposit, and 100RMB credit). Ask for option 3. You will need to fill out a form with basic information such as your passport number, date of birth, address, telephone number etc. You will get a receipt to keep if you want to cancel the bike service. After you have filled out the form and paid the deposit the receptionist will give you a demonstration of how to use your new card.
  
 
Note that electric-bicycles and motorcycles are banned within the SEZ area.  
 
Note that electric-bicycles and motorcycles are banned within the SEZ area.  
Line 407: Line 537:
  
 
===By taxi===
 
===By taxi===
[[File:Shenzhen KIA red taxi 2.jpg|thumb|A red petroleum fuel taxi, with an electric blue taxi behind it.]]
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[[File:SZ_深圳灣口岸_Shenzhen_Bay_Port_南山_Nanshan_bus_Stop_square_January_2019_SSG_08_blue_taxis.jpg|thumb|In Shenzhen electric taxis are blue in colour as per these taxis at Shenzhen Bay Port in January 2019.]]
 
As of January 2019 electrification of Shenzhen's 21,689 taxi fleet has reached 99%.[https://phys.org/news/2019-01-gas-china-shenzhen-electric-taxis.html]. Two kinds of taxis are able to operate in all areas of Shenzhen, distinguished by their color:
 
As of January 2019 electrification of Shenzhen's 21,689 taxi fleet has reached 99%.[https://phys.org/news/2019-01-gas-china-shenzhen-electric-taxis.html]. Two kinds of taxis are able to operate in all areas of Shenzhen, distinguished by their color:
  
Line 413: Line 543:
 
* Red taxis and Green taxis are petroleum fuel taxis
 
* Red taxis and Green taxis are petroleum fuel taxis
  
Taxi meters start at ¥10.00 for the first 2 kilometers, then ¥0.60 for each 250 meters. Late night costs slightly higher. There is a ¥2.00 fuel surcharge added to all fares. Tipping is not expected at all. Round up to the next Yuan.
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Unlike neighbouring Hong Kong it is rare to find any drivers who speak English. Hence be sure to have the names and addresses of your destinations written in Chinese to show your taxi driver if you do not speak Mandarin.
  
Unlike neighbouring Hong Kong it is rare to find any drivers who speak English. Hence be sure to have the names and addresses of your destinations written in Chinese to show your taxi driver if you do not speak Mandarin.  
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Taxi meters start at ¥10.00 for the first 2 km, then ¥0.60 for each 250 meters. Late night costs slightly higher. There is a ¥2.00 fuel surcharge added to all fares. Tipping is not expected at all. Round up to the next Yuan.
  
Taxis are unusually (for China) well regulated and managed in Shenzhen. It is very rare to have a driver give you problems or take you the long way to your destination. However, be sure that the cab has a license prominently displayed in the plastic stand provided for this purpose on the right hand dashboard of every cab. If there is no license, get the next cab. Unless you are extremely familiar with local conditions (in which case you will not be reading this) or an expert Chinese negotiator, avoid like the plague illegal unlicensed taxis of the type which proliferate in places such as border crossings. You are just calling down trouble in infinite variety on your head. If you ask for a driver from a hotel it is likely they will get a private driver. Negotiate the price before you leave.
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Avoid like plague unlicensed taxis including those proliferating places like border crossings and transport hubs. Before entering any taxi cab, ensure it has a taxi license prominently displayed in the plastic holder provided for this purpose on the right hand dashboard of every cab. Unlicensed taxis are illegal and all too often have unscrupulous drivers. Taking an unlicensed taxi makes it likely you will bring trouble upon yourself of potentially infinite magnitude and variety. Anyone who ignores this paragraph and decides to do business with unlicensed taxi drivers, you have been warned.
  
Driving is incompetent and terrifying. If you think your life is in danger, do not be afraid to get out and get the next cab. Sadly there is little assurance that the next driver will be any better. If you have a major problem, threaten to complain (use the word "tousu" (toe-soo) meaning "complaint"). Penalties are believed to be a 200RMB penalty per complaint - 5 complaints and their license will be revoked!). On the receipt you should get when the driver prints out the ticket is a phone number and his taxi license. Use this if you want to file any type of complaint.
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Taxis are (unusually for China), well regulated and managed in Shenzhen. It is very rare to have a driver give you problems or take you the long way to your destination. Driving standards of licensed taxis are usually adequate. However if you are unfortunate enough to feel in danger, do not be afraid to get out and get the next cab. If you have a major problem, threaten to complain (use the word "tousu" (toe-soo) meaning "complaint"). Penalties are believed to be a 200 RMB penalty per complaint - 5 complaints and their license will be revoked!). On the receipt you should get when the driver prints out the ticket is a phone number and his taxi license. Use this if you want to file any type of complaint.
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 +
If you ask for a driver from a hotel it is likely they will get a private driver. Negotiate the price before you depart.
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
===Amusement parks===
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===Architecture===
Shenzhen has many theme parks, which are popular with Chinese tourists, many of whom go to Shenzhen mainly for these. Reactions of Western visitors vary widely, from enjoying them immensely to finding them amazingly tacky. Most of them are owned and operated by the Shenzhen OCT (Overseas Chinese Town) Group [http://www.szoct.info]:
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[[Image:Ping An Tower Nov.2016.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Ping An Finance Centre, 2nd tallest building in China and 4th tallest in the world]]
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[[Image:Lizhi Park.jpg|thumb|200px|KK100 with Di Wang Tower to its left viewed from Lizhi Park (荔枝公园) in 2015]]
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[[File:China_Resources_Headquarters_03-10-2018.jpg|thumb|right|200px|China Resources Headquarters.]]
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[[Image:Shun_hing_Square.jpg|thumb|right|200px|Shun Hing Square 'Di Wang Tower' taken viewing East from the KK100 tower. Luohu District is in the background.]]
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The large-scale construction work carried out in Shenzhen since 1980 almost completely destroyed some historical architecture prevalent in the city before its special economic zone status. Some historical buildings in the city are either reconstructions or new models. Despite this, there are still a good number of historical buildings in Shenzhen (see Historical Sites and Religious Structures sections below).
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There is a significant number of supertall skyscrapers (over 300 m / 984 ft) either proposed, approved, under construction or completed in Shenzhen. Shenzhen is the skyscraper capital of China's many cities of skyscrapers. At September 2018 Shenzhen had 14 skyscrapers at least 300 metres tall  meriting supertall status. 7 others are under construction with tens of others proposed. 14 completed is second globally to Dubai's 25. The tallest building in Shenzhen is the 599 metre, 115 floor Ping An Finance Centre, which is also the second tallest in China and the fourth tallest building in the world. More skyscrapers were completed in Shenzhen in the year 2016 than in all the USA and Australia combined, such is the rate of skyline transformation.
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Many designs have had to be reduced in height due to risks for airlines. Of the three districts with supertall skyscrapers, airline risk especially curtails height designs in Nanshan District close to Shenzhen airport. Nanshan is especially targeted for future skyscraper development. Five of Shenzhen's skyscrapers are among the 40 tallest on earth as at March 2019:
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* Ping An International Finance Centre (also known as the Ping An IFC) (Chinese: 平安国际金融中心) at 5033 Yitian Road, Futian District, is a 115-storey supertall skyscraper. 599 metres tall makes it 1 metre short of megatall categorisation. The original design was 660 metres tall including a spire that was removed due to airline risk. The building was commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. It was completed in 2017, becoming the tallest building in Shenzhen, the 2nd tallest building in China and the 4th tallest building in the world. It also shares the record (with the Shanghai Tower) of having the highest observation deck in a building at 562 m. Nearest Metro - Shopping Park
  
* <see name="Happy Valley Theme Park" alt="欢乐谷 huanle gu" address="Qiaocheng W Rd OCT 南山区华乔城乔城西路" directions="Shi Jie Zhi Chuang Metro Station, walk about 500 meters" phone="" url="http://www.happyvalley.com.cn/index.htm" hours="9am - 10pm" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">A conventional fun park bigger than Hong Kong Disneyland. Divided into theme areas it has the usual fun rides. There are several levels of roller coasters, ranging from tame kiddie coasters to the Snow Dragon which holds you upside down with your feet dangling and the Shangra-La which has a 4G drop, and the Magic Castle which has carnival games. If you try the flume ride be prepared to get wet.</see>
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* The KK100 (Chinese: 京基100), formerly known as Kingkey 100 and Kingkey Finance Tower, is a supertall skyscraper at 5016 Shennan East Road, Luohu District. The mixed-use building rises 441.8 metres (1,449 ft) and contains 100 floors for office space and a hotel. It is currently the second tallest building in Shenzhen as well as being the 22nd tallest building in the world. It is the tallest building ever designed by a British architect. There is a building front water fountain and an observation deck near the top. In December 2011, the Emporis Skyscraper Award awarded the building a fourth place. The building has a height-width ratio of 9.5:1, thus becoming one of China's slimmest buildings. Despite not being tallest, the KK100 apex like appearance when viewed from East or West with the adjacent and also distinctive view of Di Wang Tower, these two buildings together make for many people the defining view of Shenzhen's skyline. Nearest Metro: Grand Theatre.
  
* <see name="Minsk World" alt="明思克航母; Míng​sī​kè​ Háng​mǔ​" address="Jinrong Rd, Shatoujiao 盐田区沙头角金融路海滨明思克大厦; Yán​tián​ Qū​ Shā​tóu​jiǎo" directions="opposite the Yantian District Government Bldg, Buses 103, 202, 205 or 430; or taxi from Lo Hu" phone="+86 755 2535-5333" email="" fax="" url="http://www.szminsk.com/" hours="09:00-19:30" price="¥110"> Was a military theme park centered around the former Soviet aircraft carrier ''Minsk''. It was closed on February 14th, 2016 and the ship was moved away for repairs in order to be reestablished as a theme park in [[Nantong]], [[Jiangsu]]</see>
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* China Resources Headquarters (Chinese:华润总部大厦), colloquially known as the Spring Bamboo (Chinese:春笋), is a 392-metre (1,286.1 ft) supertall skyscraper at 2666 Keyuan South Road, Houhai, Nanshan District. A design of 500 metres was reduced due to airline risk. The building topped out on July 1, 2016 and surpassed Shun Hing Square as the 3rd tallest building in Shenzhen upon its completion in 2018. It is 33rd tallest on earth.
  
* <see name="OCT East" alt="东部华侨城" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="09:00-22:00" price="¥120" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Built by the same company that brought you Windows of the World. Located at the valleys and hills behind Dameisha (beach), it features a thrill ride, shows, and replica of European towns. Be prepared to climb a lot of stairs or escalators to reach all the different rides or attractions. There is a golf club on the hill called Wind Valley Golf. Please do note that there are certain safety issues about the park - mainly electrical problems. In June 2010, 6 people died when a electrical failure threw them off a ride. Several were injured as well. The park was plagued with other small electrical outages which have resulted in people trapped in cable cars etc.</see>
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* Shum Yip Upperhills Tower 1 is a supertall skyscraper 388 metres (1,273.0 ft) tall at Huanggang Road in Futian District. It is 36th tallest on earth. The tower has a novel structural system called a "Ladder System" where the perimeter mega columns are connected to the central reinforced concrete core at every story as opposed to the typical configuration where they are only connected via outriggers at mechanical floors.
  
* <see name="Playa Maya" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Water park open in Summer built around a Maya architectural theme.  There are shows all day and well into the night. The park is crowded on the weekends and holidays, but few people on the weekdays.</see>
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* Shun Hing Square (Chinese: 信兴广场), also known as "Di Wang Tower" (Chinese: 地王大厦) is a 384-metre-tall (1,260 ft) skyscraper. It is 36th tallest on earth. It's twin antennae design paired with the KK100 apex shape combine for the defining outline of Luohu's skyline and for all of Shenzhen for many people. Nearest Metro: Grand Theatre.
  
* <see name="Sea World Shekou China" alt="蛇口海上世界中国">There are no shortage of international chain restaurants. It is called sea world, because it has a big ship named ''Minghua'' that is now used for a hotel. Before, it was used in the sea, but now the have docked it on shore.  In the ship, there is also a restaurant/sports bar named X-Ta-Sea. In that restaurant, there are pool tables, a Foosball table, live sports on television, and live music Tuesdays through Saturdays. Out in the plaza you can also rent a electronic animal ride or a triple seated bike. Behind the ship, there is a golf course that you could also visit. In the center of sea world, is a really smooth tiled center where people are riding their bikes, S boards, skateboards, and scooters.</see>
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===Galleries and museums===
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* <see name="Chung Ying Street Museum" alt="中英街; Zhōngyīng Jiē" address="Chung Ying Street, Shatoujiao" " directions="Take bus 68, B924, or B961 to Zhongyingjie (Chung Ying Street)" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">This museum is located on the street's east side. There are thousands of exhibits which mainly contain historical relics and folk heritage of modern times. Many rare photos also attract visitors' eyes. These photos remind people the history of Chung Ying Street and help people get a better understanding this street's importance. Exhibits are distributed across four exhibition halls. The first hall introduces the history of Chung Ying Street and some folk customs. The second hall mainly tells '3.18 Boundary'; it was on March 18, 1898 that the China-Britain Boundary was settled. The third hall introduces many heroic deeds from 1937 to 1945. The fourth hall is about the bright future and accomplishments of reform and opening policies. Atop the museum is a viewing platform where visitors can see Hong Kong's New Territories natural scenery. See detailed text on Ching Ying Street in section on Historical Sites below.</see>
  
* <see name="Splendid China & Chinese Folk Culture Village" alt="深圳锦绣, 中华中国民俗文化村; Shēnzhèn​ Jǐnxiù  Zhōnghuá, Zhōngguó Mín​sú​ Wén​huà Cūn​​" address="" directions="Hua Qiao Cheng Metro Station, exit D, about 200 meters" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.cn5000.com.cn/english/index.asp" hours="" price="&yen;150">In two sections: The first part is a miniature park of copies of well known Chinese sites; Forbidden City, Terracotta Soldiers, Tibet Potala Palace, Huangshan Mountains, Yunnan's Stone Forest, the Great Wall of China. This park covers 300,000 square meters with forested and greenery. The other part consists of 56 houses, each representing one of the 56 nationalities in China, such as Miao, Yi, Bai, Mongol and Uygur. You can find here real people, culture, fashion, habits, religion and language. Uygur women twirl to Turkish music, Miaos dance, a miniskirted Ming Dynasty troupe performs electronic versions of Ming music and dance. A simulated Mongol horse battle held daily. The final Phoenix show is ticketed on holidays. Afterwards near closing time there is a techno-light water splash fight in the splash area.</see>
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[[Image:Artists_at_work_in_Dafen_Oil_Painting_Village.jpg|thumb|Artists at work in Dafen
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Oil Painting Village.]]
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* <see name="Dafen Oil Painting Village" alt="大芬油画村; Dà​fèn​ Yóu​huà Cūn​" address="Dafen Village, Buji,
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龙岗区布吉街道大芬社区" directions="Dafen (大芬) Stn, Longgang Line" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">In 1988, a Hong Kong businessman called Wong Kong, who had a business specialising in reproduction art, decided that there was no future in Hong Kong and set up in Dafen, even though it was not in the SEZ. Soon he was joined by artists from all over China, some classically trained but many just talented amateurs fresh from the paddy fields. And so Dafen was born. It is set in an old Hakka village and consists of street after street of shops selling oil paintings, watercolors, and embroidered paintings. Examine things carefully, as some artwork is machine printed, rather than hand made. Much of it is rubbish but some of China's best artists also have studios in Dafen. For a few hundred Yuan you can commission an artist to copy your favorite piece of art, your wedding photo, or photos of your family. Insist on "A" quality - it costs a little more but it's worth it. You can also get incredibly rapid framing while you wait and inexpensive art supplies. There is a handsome modern gallery exhibiting works by Dafen local painters. Consider the Qi Xing teahouse, built round several 300 year old Hakka houses with beautiful courtyards.</see>
  
[[Image:Windows_show.jpg|thumb|Nightly Show, Windows of the World]]
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*<see name="Guan Shan Yue Art Gallery" alt="关山月美术馆" address="6026 Hong Li Rd, Futian 福田区红荔路6026号" directions="Bus 25,215,105 Shao Nian Gong Stn (少年宫)" phone="" url="http://www.gsyart.com" hours="" price="" lat=" 22°33'6.14"N" long="114° 3'32.78"E">The Guan Shan Yue Gallery is dedicated to the works of Guan Shanyue, a modern master of the Ling Nan school of Chinese ink painting. The Ling Nan (Ling Nan is the Tang Dynasty name for Guangdong and Guangxi provinces) originated in the early 20th century inspired by Japanes westernising schools. Guan Shanyue studied under the school masters and produced some very competent art in that style. He had revolutionary associations and, after the communist takeover, became an arts bureaucrat until he was attacked during the Cultural Revolution. He donated his paintings to the Shenzhen City Government in 1993 and the gallery opened in 1997. It contains exhibits of Guan's work and hosts regular special exhibitions</see>
* <see name="Window of The World" alt="世界之窗" address="南山区华侨城深南大道" directions="Window of the World (世界之窗) Metro Station, Luobao Line" phone="" url="http://www.szwwco.com" hours="9am - 10 pm" price="¥180" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Travel around the world in one day. This 480,000 square meter park has a beautiful natural landscapes and wonderful lighting at night. Inside, you can climb the 1:3 ratio Eiffel Tower, Egyptian Pyramid, Pisa Tower, Taj Mahal of India, Grand Canyon, and other famous places of interest. There is also an indoor ski slope, paddle boats, and a flume ride. Every night there are dance shows based on themes of Chinese and world history. Hundreds of dancers perform on the outdoor stage. The performance finishes with a procession and fireworks at 9PM.</see>
 
  
===Architecture===
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[[Image:He_Xiangning_Art_Museum3.jpg|thumb|He Xiangning Art Museum.]]
[[Image:Ping An Tower Nov.2016.jpg|thumb|Ping An Finance Centre, 2nd tallest building in China and 4th tallest in the world]]
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* <see name="He Xiangning Art Museum" alt="何香凝美术馆; Hé​ Xiāng​níng​ Měi​shù​guǎn​" address="9013 Shennan Blvd (深南大道9013号;; Shēn​nán Dà​dào​)" directions="Get off at Huaqiaocheng Stn (华侨城), exit C, walk W past the InterContinental hotel" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.hxnart.com" hours="10:00-17:30, closed M" price="¥20, free F" lat="  22°32'10.46"N" long="113°58'35.62"E">China's second national modern art museum, after the National Art Gallery of China. He Xiangning was the widow of Liang Zhongkai, the pro-Moscow leader left the Kuomintang during the 1920s. Liao was expected to become KMT leader after Sun Yat-sen's death but he was assassinated by gangsters probably hired by Chiang Kai-shek. He Xiangning then became an important leader of the leftist wing of the KMT and after 1949 stayed on in Beijing. Her son, Liao Chengzhi was a leading Communist and head of the organisation that originally controlled the area where the He Xiangning Art Gallery is located, Overseas Chinese Town (OCT) in Eastern Shenzhen. This is why the gallery was built as a memorial to her.  The gallery has shifting exhibits mainly of avant garde and modern Chinese art. Some of China's best known painters regularly exhibit there and it is definitely worth a visit.</see>
The large-scale construction work carried out in Shenzhen over the past three decades almost completely destroyed some of the historical architecture that was prevalent in the city before its status of being a special economic zone. Some of the historical buildings in the city are either reconstructions or new models. Despite this, there are still a good number of historical buildings in Shenzhen (see Historical Sites and Religious Structures sections below).
 
  
There is a significant number of supertall skyscrapers (over 300 m / 984 ft) either proposed, approved, under construction or completed in Shenzhen. The tallest building in Shenzhen is the 599 metre, 115 floor Ping An Finance Centre, which is also the second tallest in China and the fourth tallest building in the world. More skyscrapers were completed in Shenzhen in the year 2016 than in the whole of the USA and Australia combined, such is the rate at which the skyline is being transformed. Five of Shenzhen's skyscrapers are among the 40 tallest on earth as at March 2019:
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*<see name="OCT Art and Design Gallery" alt="华美术馆" address="Shennan Ave OCT 南山区华乔城深南大道" directions="Bus nos. 21, 26, 54, 59, 101, 105, 109, 113, 204, 223, 338, 373, 390, Huaqiaocheng Stn (华侨城), exit C, walk W past the InterContinental Hotel" phone="" url="" hours="" price="¥15" lat=" 22°32'9.67"N" long="113°58'40.46"E">Shenzhen is famous throughout China as a centre of design and the OCT Art and design gallery is where you go to see it exhibited. Set in a restored industrial building, the gallery holds regular exhibitions showcasing Shenzhen and China's industrial, domestic and fashion design.</see>
  
* Ping An International Finance Centre (also known as the Ping An IFC) (Chinese: 平安国际金融中心) is a 115-storey supertall skyscraper. The building was commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. It was completed in 2017, becoming the tallest building in Shenzhen, the 2nd tallest building in China and the 4th tallest building in the world. It also shares the record (with the Shanghai Tower) of having the highest observation deck in a building at 562 m. Nearest Metro - Shopping Park
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[[Image:[email protected]_OCT_Loft_in_Shenzhen,_Guangdong_province,_China_-_panoramio.jpg|thumb|Floral car at OCT Loft.]]
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*<see name="OCT Contemporary Art Terminal and Loft Area" alt="OCT当代艺术中心" address="Behind Konka, OCT, 南山区华乔城康佳集团北则" directions="Qiao Cheng Dong Stn, Exit A. Walk back 150 m to Enping Rd" phone="" url="http://www.ocat.org.cn/index.php/home?lang=en" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></see>
  
[[File:Shenzhen-centreville.jpg|thumb|View East of KK100 (center) and Shun Hing Square (right)]]
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*<see name="Shenzhen Art Museum" alt="深圳美术馆" address="32 Donghu St, Donghu Park, Aiguo Rd, Luohu 罗湖区爱国路东湖一街32号" directions="Bus 3, 17, 360, 351, 300. Take the bus to the Shenzhen Reservoir (Shenzhen Shui Ku) station and go to the East Lake (Dong Hu) Pk" phone="" url="" hours="Tu-Su 09:00-17:00, closed M" price="" lat="" long=""></see>
* The KK100 (Chinese: 京基100), formerly known as Kingkey 100 and Kingkey Finance Tower, is a supertall skyscraper. The mixed-use building rises 441.8 metres (1,449 ft) and contains 100 floors for office space and a hotel. It is currently the second tallest building in Shenzhen as well as being the 22nd tallest building in the world. It is the tallest building ever designed by a British architect. There is a water fountain in front of the building, and an observation deck near the top. In December 2011, the Emporis Skyscraper Award awarded the building a fourth place. The building has a height-width ratio of 9.5:1, thus becoming one of China's slimmest buildings.
 
  
* China Resources Headquarters (Chinese:华润总部大厦), colloquially known as the Spring Bamboo (Chinese:春笋), is a 392-metre (1,286.1 ft) supertall skyscraper in Houhai, Nanshan. The building topped out on July 1, 2016 and surpassed Shun Hing Square as the 3rd tallest building in Shenzhen upon its completion in 2018. it is 33rd tallest on earth.
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[[Image:SZ_深圳博物館_Shenzhen_Museum_entrance_building_name_Aug-2010.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Museum in 2010]]
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* <see name="Shenzhen Museum" alt="深圳博物馆; Shēn​zhèn​ Bó​wù​guǎn​" address="Jintian Rd Entrance, Shenzhen Civic Centre, Futian District (福田区市民中心东座)" directions="Central Futian (Shi Min Zhong Xin Stn)" phone="+86 755 8210-1044" email="" fax="" url="http://www.shenzhenmuseum.com" hours="10:00-18:00, closed M" price="Free">In Shenzhen City Hall Centre's East Wing, the City Government's wing-roofed building. This is a must-see. The ground floor gallery has exhibits from some of China's most famous museums. So far since its opening in December 2008 it has played host to exhibits of jade burial suits, bronzes from the Shu Kingdom and Shang Dynasty bronzes. The upper floors exhibit the SEZ founding and development revealing details of some of Chinese history's most significant events. There is also a history of the Pearl River region exhibit, including the incredible number of ancient relics unearthed during construction in Shenzhen, and an exhibit of the Qing and Republican periods in Shenzhen.</see>
  
* Shum Yip Upperhills Tower 1 is a supertall skyscraper 388 metres (1,273.0 ft) tall. It is 36th tallest on earth. The tower has a novel structural system called a "Ladder System" where the perimeter mega columns are connected to the central reinforced concrete core at every story as opposed to the typical configuration where they are only connected via outriggers at mechanical floors.
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===Gardens and parks===
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Shenzhen is famous in China as being one of its greenest cities with dozens of parks. Only nearby [[Dongguan]] has a greater percentage of its area given over to parks and gardens.
  
* Shun Hing Square (Chinese: 信兴广场), also known as "Di Wang Tower" (Chinese: 地王大厦) is a 384-metre-tall (1,260 ft) skyscraper. It is 36th tallest on earth.
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*'''CITIC Minsk aircraft carrier'''(中信明思克航母) The park by the sea and on land Minsk aircraft carrier Minsk CITIC Plaza is composed of two parts.
  
===Galleries and museums===
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*<see name="Fairy Lake Botanical Gardens" alt="仙湖植物公园; Xiān​ Hú​ Zhí​wù​ Gōng​yuán​" address="Lian Shi Rd, Lian Tang Rd, Luohu District 罗湖区莲塘村莲十路" directions="Bus 218, 220 to the garden gate (for bus 218 get off at Foreign Language School stop and walk up Xian Hu Rd to the main gate).  On return, Bus 220 will take you to Guomao station" phone="" url="" hours="07:00-22:00" price="¥20" lat=" 22.34.17.01N" long="114.9.50.73E">[[Image:Small_Bridge_3.JPG|thumb|250px|Lake of the Immortals Botanical Gardens]]
* <see name="Dafen Oil Painting Village" alt="大芬油画村; Dà​fèn​ Yóu​huà Cūn​" address="Dafen Village, Buji,  
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This park sprawls over miles of foothills, valleys, rivers and lakes before climbing half way up Wutong Mountain (see info on Wutong Mountain below). The main attraction is the Hong Fa Buddhist Temple (see entry above) but there are beautiful and peaceful lakes surrounded by teahouses and pavilions which could inspire great poetry. Don't miss the azalea garden, the pertified forest, the paleontology museum or the medicinal plants garden. From the main gates to the various attractions within, there is a bus (¥3 each way) that will drop you near the temple (400 m away).  Purchase the bus tickets before joining the queue. If you choose to walk instead of bus, be prepared for a 30 min gentle inclined walk on awkwardly crowded pavements, next to jammed country roads. It's also worth noting that on public holidays, weekends and great weather the parks and the temple will be flooded with the locals, becoming more of a family and fun affair, rather than a place of relaxation. Be careful of the burning incense sticks at the temple!</see>
龙岗区布吉街道大芬社区" directions="Dafen (大芬) Stn, Longgang Line" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.cndafen.com" hours="" price="">In 1988, a Hong Kong businessman called Wong Kong, who had a business specialising in reproduction art, decided that there was no future in Hong Kong and set up in Dafen, even though it was not in the SEZ. Soon he was joined by artists from all over China, some classically trained but many just talented amateurs fresh from the paddy fields. And so Dafen was born. It is set in an old Hakka village and consists of street after street of shops selling oil paintings, watercolors, and embroidered paintings. Examine things carefully, as some of the artwork is machine printed, rather than hand made. Much of it is rubbish but some of China's best artists also have studios in Dafen. For a few hundred Yuan you can commission an artist to copy your favorite piece of art, your wedding photo, or photos of your family. Insist on "A" quality - it costs a little more but it's worth it. You can also get incredibly rapid framing while you wait and inexpensive art supplies. There is a handsome modern gallery exhibiting works by Dafen local painters. And don't miss the experience of the Qi Xing teahouse, built round several 300 year old Hakka houses with beautiful courtyards.</see>
 
  
*<see name="Guan Shan Yue Art Gallery" alt="关山月美术馆" address="6026 Hong Li Rd, Futian 福田区红荔路6026号" directions="Bus 25,215,105 Shao Nian Gong Stn (少年宫)" phone="" url="http://www.gsyart.com" hours="" price="" lat=" 22°33'6.14"N" long="114° 3'32.78"E">The Guan Shan Yue Gallery is dedicated to the works of Guan Shanyue, a modern master of the Ling Nan school of Chinese ink painting. The Ling Nan (Ling Nan is the Tang Dynasty name for Guangdong and Guangxi provinces) originated in the early 20th century inspired by Japanes westernising schools. Guan Shanyue studied under the masters of the school and produced some very competent art in that style. He had revolutionary associations and, after the communist takeover, became an arts bureaucrat until he was attacked during the Cultural Revolution. He donated his paintings to the Shenzhen City Government in 1993 and the gallery opened in 1997. It contains exhibits of Guan's work and hosts regular special exhibitions</see>
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*<see name="Lianhuashan Park" alt="Lotus Mountain Park; 蓮花山公園; Liánhuāshāngōngyuán" address="Hongli Rd W, Futian Central" directions="Shaoniangong Stn on Line 3 & 4 or Lianhua North station on Line 4 phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat=" 22.33.5.22N" long="114.3.1.78E">This is Shenzhen's most central park. Set at the northern end of the Futian central access it is 150 ha of urban bushland. The gardens themselves are extremely beautiful and meticulously cared for. But to really enjoy the mountain, you need to be there with Shenzhen's middle classes early in the morning or on Sundays when large family groups gather to have fun. At the mountaintop, reachable via a 20 minute, not-too-challenging walk, is a large bronze statue of Deng Xiaoping striding out over the city. Large aerobics groups operate to loud music, people play badminton, a man walks down the path inscribing Tang Dynasty poetry in ever evaporating water with an enormous brush. Further down the mountain, ballroom dancers do the tango, a group of belly dancers wiggle and large men lay into each other with bamboo staves and swords. A famous and totally spontaneous group of singers of revolutionary opera sings by the lotus lake every Sunday morning, a must-see if you are even remotely in the vicinity. They are just past the laughter therapy group and the marriage market. And in Autumn, do not forget your kite.</see>
  
* <see name="He Xiangning Art Museum" alt="何香凝美术馆; Hé​ Xiāng​níng​ Měi​shù​guǎn​" address="9013 Shennan Blvd (深南大道9013号; Shēn​nán Dà​dào​)" directions="Get off at Huaqiaocheng Stn (华侨城), exit C, walk W past the InterContinental hotel" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.hxnart.com/msgjs.htm" hours="10:00-17:30, closed M" price="¥20, free F" lat=" 22°32'10.46"N" long="113°58'35.62"E">China's second national modern art museum, after the National Art Gallery of China. He Xiangning was the widow of Liang Zhongkai, the leader of the pro-Moscow left of the Kuomintang during the 1920s. Liao was expected to become KMT leader after Sun Yat-sen's death but he was assassinated by gangsters probably hired by Chiang Kai-shek. He Xiangning then became an important leader of the leftist wing of the KMT and after 1949 stayed on in Beijing. Her son, Liao Chengzhi was a leading Communist and head of the organisation which originally controlled the area where the He Xiangning Art Gallery is located, Overseas Chinese Town (OCT) in Eastern Shenzhen. This is why the galllery was built as a memorial to her. The gallery has shifting exhibits mainly of avant garde and modern Chinese art. Some of China's best known painters regularly exhibit there and it is definitely worth a visit.</see>
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*<see name="Mangrove National Park" alt="红树林生态公园" address="Binhai Freeway Futian 福田区滨海大道" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="Free" lat="22.31.41.97N" long="113.59.47.89E">China's smallest national park. Hong Kong's Mai Po Marshes are one of the world's great birdwatching paradises as birds migrating from Siberia rest in the fishponds. The same birds also rest in the mangroves on Shenzhen Bay a scant two miles north of Mai Po. In the late 1990s when the Binhai Freeway was being built, there was public outrage at plans to route the freeway through the bird habitated mangroves. The freeway was moved 200 metres north and China's smallest national park was founded. The bird watching is legendary, but if you are not into birds, the park provides coconut palm shaded walks and views to die for across Shenzhen Bay.</see>
  
*<see name="OCT Art and Design Gallery" alt="华美术馆" address="Shennan Ave OCT 南山区华乔城深南大道" directions="Bus nos. 21, 26, 54, 59, 101, 105, 109, 113, 204, 223, 338, 373, 390, Huaqiaocheng Stn (华侨城), exit C, walk W past the InterContinental Hotel" phone="" url="" hours="" price="¥15" lat=" 22°32'9.67"N" long="113°58'40.46"E">Shenzhen is famous throughout China as a centre of design and the OCT Art and design gallery is where you go to see it exhibited. Set in a restored industrial building, the gallery holds regular exhibitions showcasing Shenzhen and China's industrial, domestic and fashion design.</see>
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* <see name="Safari Park Shenzhen" alt="深圳野生动物园; Shēn​zhèn​ Yě​shēng​ Dòng​wù​yuán​" address="Xili Rd, Nanshan District (南山区西丽路; Nán​shān​ qū​ Xīlì Lù)" directions="" phone="+86 755 2662-2888" email="[email protected]" fax="+86 755 2662-2333" url="http://www.szzoo.net/" hours="10:00-17:00" price="&yen;160">Billed as a safari park where the animals stare at the humans. It is dirty, disorganised and a bit of a dud. Considering the animals, its downright depressing.</see>
  
*<see name="OCT Contemporary Art Terminal and Loft Area" alt="OCT当代艺术中心" address="Behind Konka, OCT, 南山区华乔城康佳集团北则" directions="Qiao Cheng Dong Stn, Exit A. Walk back 150 m to Enping Rd" phone="" url=" http://www.health800.com/loft" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></see>
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* <see name="Shenzhen Garden and Flower Exposition Center" alt="园博园" address="Zhuzilinxi, Futian District (at the intersection of Shennan Ave and Qiaocheng E Rd) (深圳市福田区竹子林西 (深南大道与侨城东路交汇处); Fútián​ Qū Zhú​zi​lín Xī (Shēn​nán Ddà​dào Yú​ Qiáo​chéng Dōng​ Lù​ Jiāo​huì Chù​​)​​)" directions="Qiao Cheng Dong Stn, exit A" phone="" url="" hours="09:00-22:00" price="¥50" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">This park started life as the site of an international garden exhibition in 2004. It is an enormous garden with an area of 660,000 m². It ranges from gently undulating to quite steep and contains gardens in many different styles, not only Chinese but from all over the world. Jiangnan style gardens are built around lakes in the north-east corner. Visit the hot houses and climb the hill past the waterfall to the pagoda on atop the hill. Views back to Hong Kong are visible on a clear day. Its 242 more steps to the top of the pagoda.</see>
  
*<see name="Shenzhen Art Museum" alt="深圳美术馆" address="32 Donghu St, Donghu Park, Aiguo Rd, Luohu 罗湖区爱国路东湖一街32号" directions="Bus 3, 17, 360, 351, 300. Take the bus to the Shenzhen Reservoir (Shenzhen Shui Ku) station and go to the East Lake (Dong Hu) Pk" phone="" url=" http://www.szam.com" hours="Tu-Su 09:00-17:00, closed M" price="" lat="" long=""></see>
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* <see name="Shiyan Lake Hot Spring Resort" alt="石岩湖温泉度假村; Shí​yán​hú Wēn​quán​ Dù​jià​cūn​​" address="Shiyan Town, Bao'an District (宝安区石岩镇; Bǎo​'ān​ Qū​ Shí​yán​ Zhèn​)" directions="" phone="+86 755 2716-4148" email="" fax="" url="" hours="06:00-21:00" price="&yen;15">This has been a popular attraction since the 16th century when it was named one of the "Eight Great Views of Xin'an County" (the county of which Hong Kong and Shenzhen were part). Situated on a man-made reservoir at the back of Yangtai Mountain, it is not easy to get to but it is worth the trouble. Water springs from the ground at over 60°C, but is cooled to about 40°C before being fed into pools. Pools are both public and private and indoor and outdoor.</see>
 
 
* <see name="Shenzhen Museum" alt="深圳博物馆; Shēn​zhèn​ Bó​wù​guǎn​" address="Jintian Rd Entrance, Shenzhen Civic Centre, Futian District (福田区市民中心东座)" directions="Central Futian (Shi Min Zhong Xin Stn)" phone="+86 755 8210-1044" email="" fax="" url="http://www.shenzhenmuseum.com.cn/" hours="10:00-18:00, closed M" price="Free">In the East Wing of the Shenzhen City Hall Centre, the City Government's wing-roofed building. This is a must-see. The ground floor gallery has exhibits from some of the most famous museums of China. So far since its opening in December 2008 it has played host to exhibits of jade burial suits, bronzes from the Shu Kingdom and Shang Dynasty bronzes. The upper floors have exhibits of the founding and development of the SEZ revealing details of some of the most significant events of recent Chinese history. There is also an exhibit of the history of the Pearl River region including the incredible number of ancient relics unearthed during construction in Shenzhen, and an exhibit of the Qing and Republican periods in Shenzhen.</see>
 
  
===Gardens and parks===
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[[Image:Entrance_of_Mount_Wutong,_picture2.jpg|thumb|Wutong Mountain entrance gate]]
Shenzhen is famous in China as being one of its greenest cities. Only nearby [[Dongguan]] has a greater percentage of its area given over to parks and gardens.
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*<see name="Wutong Mountain National Park" alt="梧桐山Wutong Village Luohu District 罗湖区捂桐村" address="" directions="Bus 221 from starting at Jian She Lu in Luohu terminates at Wutong Village." [https://moovitapp.com/index/en/public_transit-line-211-Shenzhen_%E6%B7%B1%E5%9C%B3-3743-858281-413412-0 See weblink for bus 221 route and timetable.] phone="" url="http://www.szwtm.org" hours="" price="Free" lat="" long="">Wutong Mountain at just over 900 m tall is the second tallest mountain in the Pearl River Delta after Hong Kong's Tai Mo Shan and it is a Mecca for hikers and climbers. The park spans part of Luohu, Yantian and Longgang districts. This has been a recognised beauty spot since at least the Ming Dynasty when it was included in the Eight Great Views of Xin'an County and was celebrated in poetry. There are three main ridgeline peaks; Lesser Wutong (小梧桐), 692 meters high easily identified by Shenzhen TV Company transmission tower; Bean Curd Head (豆腐头), 706 meters; and Great Wutong (大梧桐), at 943.7 meters is highest. There is a pool on the top of Greater Wutong called Wuling Heavenly Pond (梧岭天池). Starting point choices are east side of Shatoujiao/Yantian, the south side of Xianhu/Liantang, the west of Wutongshan Village, the north side of Longgang, and the north and south entrances. The difficulty level and the scenery along each route vary. The starting point for many is Wutong Village accessed by bus 211 from Luohu. Wutong Village itself is a popular visitor attraction with many cafes, restaurants, spas and craft shops. Many eateries are all-vegetarian. Greater Wutong Mountain from Wutong Village is an 11.4 kilometre moderately trafficked loop trail rated as a difficult hike. It gets busy on public holidays. The broad road is a gentle climb but the Hao Han Slope is notoriously difficult. The walk from Wutong Village to Greater Wutong summit takes around 5 hours in total for the return walk. On a clear day, the views from the summit over Mirs Bay and the mountains of Hong Kong's New Territories are indescribably beautiful. Night views over the city set against the sweep of Shenzhen Bay are also to die for.</see>
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[[Image:Mountain_Wutong_top.jpg|thumb|Wutong Mountain top]]
  
*'''CITIC Minsk aircraft carrier'''(中信明思克航母)  The park by the sea and on land Minsk aircraft carrier Minsk CITIC Plaza is composed of two parts.
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*<see name="Yangtai Mountain Forest Park" alt="羊台山森林公园" address="Longhua Town Bao’an 宝安区龙华镇" directions="NOT easy to get to and advise to combine the hot springs with a visit to Yangtai Mountain. That way you can take advantage of easy public transport connections between them. Take the Metro to Windows on the World, Shi Jie Zhi Chuang. Next to Exit B there is a large underground bus station. Take bus no 392 to its terminus which is the Shiyan Hot Springs. When you’ve finished, take bus no 769 from the place where you got off. This terminates at Yangtai Mountain" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is a forest park administered by the water and forestry administrations of Guangdong Province. The mountain, 500-m high, lies around an attractive reservoir. It is heavily wooded with native and exotic vegetation and abounds with wild life. The climb to the top is moderately difficult and very rewarding.</see>
  
*<see name="Fairy Lake Botanical Gardens" alt="仙湖植物公园; Xiān​ Hú​ Zhí​wù​ Gōng​yuán​" address="Lian Shi Rd, Lian Tang Rd, Luohu District 罗湖区莲塘村莲十路" directions="Bus 218, 220 to the garden gate (for bus 218 get off at Foreign Language School stop and walk up Xian Hu Rd to the main gate).  On return, Bus 220 will take you to Guomao station" phone="" url="" hours="07:00-22:00" price="¥20" lat=" 22.34.17.01N" long="114.9.50.73E">[[Image:Small_Bridge_3.JPG|thumb|250px|Lake of the Immortals Botanical Gardens]]This is Shenzhen's most beautiful park and surely one of the most beautiful in China. It sprawls over miles of foothills, valleys, rivers and lakes before climbing half way up Wutong Mountain. Main attraction is the Hong Fa Temple (see entry above) but there are beautiful and peaceful lakes surrounded by teahouses and pavilions which could inspire great poetry. Don't miss the azalea garden, the pertified forest, the paleontology museum or the medicinal plants garden.  From the main gates to the various attractions within, there is a bus (¥3 each way) that will drop you near the temple (400 m away).  Purchase the bus tickets before joining the queue.  If you choose to walk instead of the bus, be prepared for a 30 min gentle inclined walk on awkwardly crowded pavements, next to jammed country roads.  It's also worth noting that on public holidays, weekends and great weather the parks and the temple will be flooded with the locals, becoming more of a family and fun affair, rather than a place of relaxation. Careful of the burning incense sticks at the temple!</see>
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===Historical sites===
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[[Image:Chiwan_Left_Fort_internal_20140515.JPG|thumb|Chiwan Left Fort]]
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[[Image:Linzexu_Memorial_Statue_at_Chiwan_Left_Fort_20140515.JPG|thumb|Linxezu memorial statue at Chiwan Left Fort]]
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People, even long time Shenzhen residents, will confidently tell you that "Shenzhen has no history". However there are a number of important sites, some of great national significance, dating back to the twelfth century. Shenzhen, it seems, was critically involved in a number of historical events, especially the Southern Song Dynasty collapse and final stand (13th century), the Ming Dynasty last stand (17th century) and the Opium War (19th century).
  
*<see name="Lianhua Mountain Park" alt="Lotus Mountain Park; 蓮花山公園; Liánhuāshāngōngyuán" address="Hongli Rd W, Futian Central" directions="Shaoniangong Stn on Line 3 & 4 or Lianhua North station on Line 4 phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat=" 22.33.5.22N" long="114.3.1.78E">This is Shenzhen's main and most central park. Set at the northern end of the Futian central access it is 150 ha of urban bushland. The gardens themselves are extremely beautiful and meticulously cared for. But to really enjoy the mountain, you need to be there with Shenzhen's middle classes early in the morning or on Sundays when large family groups gather to have fun. At the top of the mountain, which you can reach via a twenty minute, not-too-challenging walk, is a large bronze statue of Deng Xiaoping striding out over the city. Large aerobics groups operate to loud music, people play badminton, a man walks down the path inscribing Tang Dynasty poetry in ever evaporating water with an enormous brush. Further down the mountain, ballroom dancers do the tango, a group of belly dancers wiggle and large men lay into each other with bamboo staves and swords. A famous and totally spontaneous group of singers of revolutionary opera sings by the lotus lake every Sunday morning, a must-see if you are even remotely in the vicinity. They are just past the laughter therapy group and the marriage market. And in Autumn, do not forget your kite.</see>
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*<see name="Chiwan Left Fort" alt="赤湾左炮台" address="Chiwan First Rd, Chiwan, Nanshan 南山区赤湾一路" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="8am - 5.30pm" price="" lat="" long="">Chiwan was one a prime defensive spots on the Pearl River. The Chiwan Fort was divided into two parts, the Left Fort and the Right Fort. Originally they had twelve gun positions but now only the Left Fort is in any reasonable degree of repair. Perched on Ying Zui Mountain, at over 500 feet above the Pearl River, they commanded a full field of fire. Their failure to make any impression on British ships as they entered the Pearl was one of the Opium War's first great disasters. There is also a statue of Lin Zexu, the Viceroy of the Two Guangs, whose decision to try to destroy the opium trade was a causative factors leading to the Opium War</see>
  
*<see name="Mangrove National Park" alt="红树林生态公园" address="Binhai Freeway Futian 福田区滨海大道" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="Free" lat="22.31.41.97N" long="113.59.47.89E">China's smallest national park. Hong Kong's Mai Po Marshes are one of the world's great birdwatching paradises as birds migrating from Siberia rest in the fishponds. The same birds also rest in the mangroves on Shenzhen Bay a scant two miles north of Mai Po. In the late 1990s when the Binhai Freeway was being built, there was public outrage at plans to route the freeway through the bird habitat of the mangroves. The freeway was moved 200 metres north and China's smallest national park was founded. The bird watching is legendary, but if you are not into birds, the park provides coconut palm shaded walks and views to die for across Shenzhen Bay.</see>
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[[Image:Chung_Ying_Street.JPG|thumb|Chung Ying Street sign]]
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*<see name="Chung Ying Street" alt="中英街; Zhōngyīng Jiē" address="Chung Ying Street, Shatoujiao" directions="Take bus 68, B924, or B961 to Zhongyingjie (Chung Ying Street)." phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">
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Note See the Hong Kong Govt website re obtaining a permit that is difficult to obtain[https://www.police.gov.hk/ppp_en/11_useful_info/licences/cap_access.html]. Mainland Chinese residents can obtain access from the Shenzhen side by purchasing an organised tour ticket from the tour operator there. No other form of access is permitted. Chung Ying Street (Chinese: 中英街) is a street on the border between Hong Kong and Shenzhen, within the border town of Sha Tau Kok (Hong Kong) and Shatoujiao (Shenzhen). One street side belongs to Hong Kong and the other belongs to Mainland China. In Cantonese, Chung means China and Ying means England or the United Kingdom.
  
* <see name="Safari Park Shenzhen" alt="深圳野生动物园; Shēn​zhèn​ Yě​shēng​ Dòng​wù​yuán​" address="Xili Rd, Nanshan District (南山区西丽路; Nán​shān​ qū​ Xīlì Lù)" directions="" phone="+86 755 2662-2888" email="[email protected].net" fax="+86 755 2662-2333" url="http://www.szzoo.net/" hours="10:00-17:00" price="&yen;160">Billed as a safari park where the animals stare at the humans. It is dirty, disorganised and a bit of a dud.</see>
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The street was a river in 1899 of which the British used the high water mark as the border after the Second Convention of Peking, a treaty that China under the Qing dynasty forced the lease of New Territories to Britain in 1899. The river was shallow at the section of Sha Tau Kok eventually drying out pre World War II. The residents on both dried river sides then erected shops to trade. The dried river then renamed Chung Hing Street (traditional Chinese: 中興街; simplified Chinese: 中兴街), and later renamed to Chung Ying Street. The town of Sha Tau Kok subsequently flourished. Because of its location, Sha Tau Kok was also a place through which robbers fled from Hong Kong to China and illegal immigrants came the other way, and one where smuggling syndicates thrived. The British colonial government decided to close the border and the town fell within the Frontier Closed Area.
  
* <see name="Shenzhen Garden and Flower Exposition Center" alt="园博园" address="Zhuzilinxi, Futian District (at the intersection of Shennan Ave and Qiaocheng E Rd) (深圳市福田区竹子林西 (深南大道与侨城东路交汇处); Fútián​ Qū Zhú​zi​lín Xī (Shēn​nán Ddà​dào Yú​ Qiáo​chéng Dōng​ Lù​ Jiāo​huì Chù​​)​​)" directions="Qiao Cheng Dong Stn, exit A" phone="" url="http://www.szyby.cn/" hours="09:00-22:00" price="¥50" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">This park started life as the site of an international garden exhibition in 2004. It is an enormous garden with an area of 660,000 . It ranges from gently undulating to quite steep and contains gardens in many different styles, not only Chinese but from all over the world. Jiangnan style gardens are built around lakes in the north-east corner. Visit the hot houses and climb the hill past the waterfall to the pagoda on top of the hill. Views back to Hong Kong are visible on a clear day. A further 242 steps go to the top of the pagoda.</see>
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Being the only area in Hong Kong people from Mainland China could access, Sha Tau Kok was flooded by Chinese tourists, who came to buy goods such as soaps, bolts of fabric and electronic appliances. This turned Chung Ying Street into a bustling shopping area. In the 1980s and 1990s the area received nearly 100,000 tourists a day. Sensing a business opportunity, gold shops and jewellery stores sprang up in Sha Tau Kok. Shops sold out of goods and before they could even restock the shelves, customers would grab goods directly from the delivery trucks. With the easing of restrictions in recent years on individuals from China visiting other parts of Hong Kong, numbers of visiting shoppers from mainland China have declined.
  
* <see name="Shiyan Lake Hot Spring Resort" alt="石岩湖温泉度假村; Shí​yán​hú Wēn​quán​ Dù​jià​cūn​​" address="Shiyan Town, Bao'an District (宝安区石岩镇; Bǎo​'ān​ Qū​ Shí​yán​ Zhèn​)" directions="" phone="+86 755 2716-4148" email="" fax="" url="" hours="06:00-21:00" price="&yen;15">This has been a popular attraction since the 16th century when it was named as one of the "Eight Great Views of Xin'an County" (the county of which Hong Kong and Shenzhen were part). Situated on a man-made reservoir at the back of Yangtai Mountain, it is not easy to get to but it is worth the trouble. Water springs from the ground at over 60°C, but is cooled to about 40°C before being fed into pools. Pools are both public and private and indoor and outdoor.</see>
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Chung Ying Street is now popular with tourists visiting with 4 principle attractions:
  
*<see name="Wutong Mountain National Park" alt="梧桐山Wutong Village Luohu District 罗湖区捂桐村" address="" directions="" phone="" url="http://www.szwtm.org" hours="" price="Free" lat="" long="">At just over 900-m tall, Wutong Mountain is the second tallest mountain in the Pearl River Delta after Hong Kong's Tai Mo Shan and it is a Mecca for hikers and climbers. This has been a recognised beauty spot since at least the Ming Dynasty when it was included in the Eight Great Views of Xin'an County and was celebrated in poetry. There are several routes to the top varying significantly in difficulty. The broad road will be a gentle climb. But be prepared for a 5 hours walk if you intend to go to the top and back. There are two peaks, Lesser Wutong where the Shenzhen TV Company has its handsome transmission tower, and Greater Wutong which is reached via the notoriously difficult Hao Han Slope. On a clear day, the views from the summit over Mirs Bay and the mountains of Hong Kong's New Territories are indescribably beautiful. Night views over the city set against the sweep of Shenzhen Bay are also to die for.</see>
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(1) The Ancient Well: Located at the back-street of Chung Ying Street, the ancient well has a history of three hundred years. It is the drinking water source in this area. As an old Chinese saying goes 'One must not forget where the water comes from when drinking it', the friendship of local people on both sides of the street is connected tightly by this well.
  
*<see name="Yangtai Mountain Forest Park" alt="羊台山森林公园" address="Longhua Town Bao’an 宝安区龙华镇" directions="NOT easy to get to and advise to combine the hot springs with a visit to Yangtai Mountain. That way you can take advantage of easy public transport connections between them. Take the Metro to Windows on the World, Shi Jie Zhi Chuang. Next to Exit B there is a large underground bus station. Take bus no 392 to its terminus which is the Shiyan Hot Springs. When you’ve finished, take bus no 769 from the place where you got off. This terminates at Yangtai Mountain" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is a forest park administered by the water and forestry administrations of Guangdong Province. The mountain, 500-m high, lies around an attractive reservoir. It is heavily wooded with native and exotic vegetation and abounds with wild life. The climb to the top is moderately difficult and very rewarding.</see>
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(2) Banyan Tree: This one hundred years aged banyan tree is next to the fourth boundary monument. Many artists and writers are likely to use this tree as the material source of creation because the tree root is in Shenzhen and the branches in Hong Kong. The amazing structure embodies the principle that mainland China is always the strongest support of Hong Kong.
  
===Historical sites===
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(3) Boundary Monuments: There are eight boundary monuments in Chung Ying Street. No.3 to No.7 monuments were destroyed in the war and then re-erected in 1948. No.1 and No.2 monuments have been preserved since being erected in 1905. No. 8 had already sunk in the riverbed. These monuments witnessed a flourishing period of this street.
People, even long time Shenzhen residents, will confidently tell you that "Shenzhen has no history". However there are a number of important sites, some of great national significance, dating back to the twelfth century. Shenzhen, it seems, was critically involved in a number of historical events, especially the collapse and final stand of the Southern Song Dynasty (13th century), the last stand of the Ming Dynasty (17th century) and the Opium War (19th century).
 
  
*<see name="Chiwan Left Fort" alt="赤湾左炮台" address="Chiwan First Rd, Chiwan, Nanshan 南山区赤湾一路" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="8am - 5.30pm" price="" lat="" long="">Chiwan was one of the prime defensive spots on the Pearl River . The Chiwan Fort was divided into two parts, the Left Fort and the Right Fort. Originally they had twelve gun positions but now only the Left Fort is in any reasonable degree of repair. Perched on Ying Zui Mountain, at over 500 feet above the Pearl River, they commanded a full field of fire. Their failure to make any impression on British ships as they entered the Pearl was one of the first great disasters of the Opium War. There is also a statue of Lin Zexu, the Viceroy of the Two Guangs, whose decision to try to destroy the opium trade was one of the causative factors leading to the Opium War</see>
+
(4) Zhong-Ying Street Historical Museum: See Museums section above.</see>
  
*<see name="Crane Lake Fortified Hakka Village and Hakka Culture Museum" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Half of Shenzhen City was originally Hakka. This came about after the 17th century Kangxi Emperor depopulated the coastline to a depth of 30km as part of his campaign against Ming loyalists in Taiwan. When the coast was repopulated, the Hakka, descendants of 13th century immigrants from north China, were quicker. Relations between the Hakka and the Cantonese were often strained. During the 19th century, half a million people lost their lives in civil strife between the Hakka and the Cantonese. Accordingly, most Hakka settlements of any size were heavily fortified. The most common form of fortification in south China is the rectangular "wei" or "wai" and the biggest of them anywhere is the Crane Lake Wei in Longgang. It doubles as a museum of Hakka culture.
+
*<see name="Crane Lake Fortified Hakka Village and Hakka Culture Museum" alt="" address="" directions="Take Line 3/ Longgang Line to NanLian. From the metro station take Exit C1 into BiXin Rd. Turn left from the station following BiXin, until you hit LongYuan Rd. Then turn right where the village is 200m along on the right hand side through a small street" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Half of Shenzhen City was originally Hakka. This came about after the 17th century Kangxi Emperor depopulated the coastline to a depth of 30km as part of his campaign against Ming loyalists in Taiwan. When the coast was repopulated, the Hakka, descendants of 13th century immigrants from north China, were quicker. Relations between the Hakka and the Cantonese were often strained. During the 19th century, half a million people lost their lives in civil strife between the Hakka and the Cantonese. Accordingly, most Hakka settlements of any size were heavily fortified. The most common form of fortification in south China is the rectangular "wei" or "wai" and the biggest of them anywhere is the Crane Lake Wei in Longgang. It doubles as a museum of Hakka culture.</see>
  
Take Line 3/ Longgang Line to NanLian. From the metro station take Exit C1 into BiXin Rd. Turn left from the station following BiXin, until you hit LongYuan Rd. Then turn right where the village is 200m along on the right hand side through a small street</see>
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[[Image:Dapengchengnanmen2007.JPG|thumb|Dapeng Fort.]]
  
*<see name="Dapeng Ancient Fort" alt="大鹏所城; Dà​péng​ Suǒ​chéng​" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Dapeng Fort is yet another amazingly well preserved Ming Dynasty Fort. Founded in 1394, it shared with various other forts the duties of guarding the entrances to the Pearl River and was prominent in the defense of the river during the Opium War. It is extremely well preserved and currently undergoing restoration as a museum.  You need to take bus M362, which starts at Futian Bus Interchange (Nearest subway is Zhu Zi Lin - Line 1.  As the bus will pass Luohu area, maybe worth asking at the hotel if they know the nearest M362 stop.  When on the bus, ask for Dapeng when paying.  Should be ¥10.  The journey will be to the last stop and will take around 1.5 hours You'll pass by Yantian port and some crappy theme parks.  Once at Dapeng Bus Station (its very small), wait for bus 928 which will take you there at 1RMB, but keep an eye open for the stop.  Alternatively, you can ask one of the motorcycles with the umbrella to take you there at ¥10.  To get back, take bus 928 or B756, back the way you came. Once back at Dapeng Station, take bus E11 and ask for Shenzhen.  It will stop at many stations in the city, so you will need to try to guess the best place to stop</see>
+
*<see name="Dapeng Ancient Fort" alt="大鹏所城; Dà​péng​ Suǒ​chéng​" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Dapeng Fort is yet another amazingly well preserved Ming Dynasty Fort. Founded in 1394, it shared with various other forts the duties of guarding the entrances to the Pearl River and was prominent in the river defence during the Opium War. It is extremely well preserved and currently undergoing restoration as a museum.  You need to take bus M362, which starts at Futian Bus Interchange (Nearest subway is Zhu Zi Lin - Line 1.  As the bus will pass Luohu area, maybe worth asking at the hotel if they know the nearest M362 stop.  When on the bus, ask for Dapeng when paying.  Should be ¥10.  The journey will be to the last stop and will take around 1.5 hours You'll pass by Yantian port and some crappy theme parks.  Once at Dapeng Bus Station (its very small), wait for bus 928 which will take you there at 1RMB, but keep an eye open for the stop.  Alternatively, you can ask one of the motorcycles with the umbrella to take you there at ¥10.  To get back, take bus 928 or B756, back the way you came. Once back at Dapeng Station, take bus E11 and ask for Shenzhen.  It will stop at many stations in the city, so you will need to try to guess the best place to stop</see>
  
 
*<see name="Dawanshiju Hakka Fortified Village" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Similarly a well preserved and enormous Hakka wei. It is of a similar scale to the Crane Lake wei.</see>
 
*<see name="Dawanshiju Hakka Fortified Village" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Similarly a well preserved and enormous Hakka wei. It is of a similar scale to the Crane Lake wei.</see>
  
*<see name="Tomb of the Young Song Emperor" alt="宋少帝陵; Sòng​ Shǎo​ Dì​ Líng​" address="Chiwan (赤湾; Chì​wān​)" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is putatively the tomb of the last Emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty (d. 1279). There is little doubt that he died in this general area after fleeing from the Mongols who had taken the dynastic capital Hangzhou. Modern knowledge of the tomb dates back to the latter years of the 19th century when the Zhao (Cantonese Chiu) Clan of Hong Kong (Zhao was the Song Imperial surname) researched the tomb and declared it to be in Chiwan near the great Tin Hau Temple Certainly there are folk tales of the Emperor's demise current in the Chiwan area and very large numbers of people claiming Imperial descent in the district. But the claims remain debatable. The tomb was restored in the early 20th century and subsequently fell into disrepair. It was rediscovered by a military cook during the Cultural Revolution but left alone. The Shenzhen City Government further restored it in the 1980s. It is in the form of a normal Chinese upper class tomb and the focus of much popular devotion.</see>
+
*<see name="Tomb of the Young Song Emperor" alt="宋少帝陵; Sòng​ Shǎo​ Dì​ Líng​" address="Chiwan (赤湾; Chì​wān​)" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is putatively the tomb of the last Emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty (d. 1279). There is little doubt that he died in this general area after fleeing from the Mongols who had taken the dynastic capital Hangzhou. Modern knowledge of the tomb dates back to the latter 19th century when the Zhao (Cantonese Chiu) Clan of Hong Kong (Zhao was the Song Imperial surname) researched the tomb and declared it to be in Chiwan near the great Tin Hau Temple. Certainly there are folk tales of the Emperor's demise current in the Chiwan area and very large numbers of people claiming Imperial descent in the district. But the claims remain debatable. The tomb was restored in the early 20th century and subsequently fell into disrepair. It was rediscovered by a military cook during the Cultural Revolution but left alone. The Shenzhen City Government further restored it in the 1980s. It is in the form of a normal Chinese upper class tomb and the focus of much popular devotion.</see>
  
 
*<see name="Xin'an (Nantou) Ancient City" alt="新安(南头)古城; Xīn​'ān​ (Nán​tóu​) Gǔ​chéng​" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is the original county town for the county which originally encompassed Hong Kong and Shenzhen. There has been a town on this site since the fourth century. Much of the old town has been demolished and replaced by eight storey residential buildings in the "urban village" style, but Xin'an has still maintained the flavour of a Cantonese town throughout the ages with vibrant street life along narrow streets. The Ming Dynasty wall and gate remain magnificently preserved as do the Guan Yu Temple outside the gates, the naval and civil headquarters, a silver shop, an opium den and even a brothel. Visit the eighteenth century "Flower Street" or street of brothels, a narrow alley with an eighteenth century official stele denouncing the evils of prostitution.</see>
 
*<see name="Xin'an (Nantou) Ancient City" alt="新安(南头)古城; Xīn​'ān​ (Nán​tóu​) Gǔ​chéng​" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is the original county town for the county which originally encompassed Hong Kong and Shenzhen. There has been a town on this site since the fourth century. Much of the old town has been demolished and replaced by eight storey residential buildings in the "urban village" style, but Xin'an has still maintained the flavour of a Cantonese town throughout the ages with vibrant street life along narrow streets. The Ming Dynasty wall and gate remain magnificently preserved as do the Guan Yu Temple outside the gates, the naval and civil headquarters, a silver shop, an opium den and even a brothel. Visit the eighteenth century "Flower Street" or street of brothels, a narrow alley with an eighteenth century official stele denouncing the evils of prostitution.</see>
  
 
====Religious structures====
 
====Religious structures====
 +
[[Image:Chiwan_Tianhou_Temple_2018-10-12_1.jpg|thumb|Chiwan Tianhou Temple]]
 +
*<see name="Chiwan Tin Hau Temple" alt="赤湾天后宫; " address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is one of China's biggest and most splendid temples to Tin Hau, the Goddess of Heaven who guards over sailors and fishermen. It was founded in the early fifteenth century by the famous eunuch admiral Zheng He who, during one of his voyages of discovery, was saved from shipwreck here during a typhoon by the intercession of Tin Hau, this despite the fact that Zheng He was a Moslem. It has been restored many times during its lifetime, most recently during the 1980s after the ravages of the Cultural Revolution. It was built in Ming Dynasty (14th to 17th centuries) style and is a magnificent example of this style.</see>
  
*<see name="Chiwan Tin Hau Temple" alt="赤湾天后宫; " address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is one of China's biggest and most splendid temples to Tin Hau, the Goddess of Heaven who guards over sailors and fishermen. It was founded in the early fifteenth century by the famous eunuch admiral Zheng He who, during one of his voyages of discovery, was saved from shipwreck here during a typhoon by the intercession of Tin Hau, this despite the fact that Zheng He was a Moslem. It has been restored many times during its lifetime, most recently during the 1980s after the ravages of the Cultural Revolution. It was built in the style of the Ming Dynasty (14th to 17th centuries) and is a magnificent example of this style.</see>
+
*<see name="Dongshan Monastery" alt="东山寺简史; " address="龙岗区东山路" directions="" phone="(0755)84319055" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">, first built in 1394, is a Zen Buddhism monastery in Southern China. It is situated south of Mount Longtou (dragon head) which in ancient time was variably called Jiufeng or Dongshan (East Mountain, probably because it is situated east of Dapeng Fortress). </see>
  
*<see name="Dongshan Monastery" alt="东山寺简史; " address="龙岗区东山路" directions="" phone="(0755)84319055" url="http://www.dongshansi.org/plus/view.php?aid=198" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">, first built in 1394, is a monastery of the Zen Buddhism in Southern China. It is situated south of Mount Longtou (dragon head) which in ancient time was variably called Jiufeng or Dongshan (East Mountain, probably because it is situated east of Dapeng Fortress). </see> [http://www.lovesz.net/2015/03/dongshan-monastery/ Dongshan Monastery Photos]
+
* <see name="Hong Fa Buddhist Temple" alt="弘法寺; Hóng​ Fǎ Sì​" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Not particularly old but it is always packed with pilgrims from all over China and beyond. Its attraction is its 104 year old abbot, a famously holy man who has a fascinating history in the destruction and revival of Chinese Buddhism. The temple is sited half way up Wutong Mountain in the Fairy Lake Botanical Garden - Southeast Gate (仙湖植物园站‎), Shenzhen's largest and most beautiful park. Like many temples in China, there is a vegetarian restaurant to nourish visitors.</see>
  
* <see name="Hong Fa Buddhist Temple" alt="弘法寺; Hóng​ Fǎ Sì​" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Not particularly old but it is always packed with pilgrims from all over China and beyond. Its attraction is its 104 year old abbot, a famously holy man who has a fascinating history in the destruction and revival of Chinese Buddhism. The temple is sited half way up Wutong Mountain in the Fairy Lake Botanical Garden - Southeast Gate (仙湖植物园站‎), Shenzhen's largest and most beautiful park.</see>
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===Other===
 +
[[Image:Shenzhen_library.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Library]]
 +
*<see name="Portofino" alt="波托菲诺; Bō​tuō​fēi​nuò​" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Shenzhen housing developments are often built around beautiful tropical gardens with luxurious club house amenities and among the best known is Portofino. It is built around a surprisingly attractive imitation of an Italian Piazzetta along a lake which has cafes, bars and restaurants without outdoor seating. Cantonese restaurant chain, Laurel, has a branch with outdoor seating here. Sunday morning dim sum queues are long.</see>
 +
 
 +
*<see name="Shenzhen Library" alt="深圳图书馆" address=" 2016 Fuzhong 1st Road, Futian 福田区福中一路2016号" directions="either Shi Min Zhong Xin (Civic Centre) or Shao Nian Gong (Children's Palace) Stns on Lines 2 or 4. Bus 25, 228, 65, 111, 71, 64, Shao Nian Gong bus stop" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Shenzhen Library and Concert Hall together make up another of the city's architectural masterpieces. Architect Arata Isozaki designed the buildings with a back of almost featureless black granite and a front of brilliant folded glass. It is a must see for architecture freaks. The library has four million books.</see>
 +
 
 +
==Do==
 +
 
 +
===Amusement parks===
 +
Shenzhen has many theme parks, which are popular with Chinese tourists, many of whom go to Shenzhen mainly for these. Reactions of Western visitors vary widely, from enjoying them immensely to finding them amazingly tacky. Most are owned and operated by the Shenzhen OCT (Overseas Chinese Town) Group:
 +
 
 +
* <see name="Happy Valley Theme Park" alt="欢乐谷 huanle gu" address="Qiaocheng W Rd OCT 南山区华乔城乔城西路" directions="Shi Jie Zhi Chuang Metro Station, walk about 500 meters" phone="" url="" hours="9am - 10pm" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">A conventional fun park bigger than Hong Kong Disneyland. Divided into theme areas it has the usual fun rides. There are several levels of roller coasters, ranging from tame kiddie coasters to the Snow Dragon which holds you upside down with your feet dangling and the Shangra-La which has a 4G drop, and the Magic Castle which has carnival games. If you try the flume ride be prepared to get wet.</see>
 +
 
 +
* <see name="Minsk World" alt="明思克航母; Míng​sī​kè​ Háng​mǔ​" address="Jinrong Rd, Shatoujiao 盐田区沙头角金融路海滨明思克大厦; Yán​tián​ Qū​ Shā​tóu​jiǎo" directions="opposite the Yantian District Government Bldg, Buses 103, 202, 205 or 430; or taxi from Lo Hu" phone="+86 755 2535-5333" email="" fax="" url="" hours="09:00-19:30" price="¥110"> Was a military theme park centered around the former Soviet aircraft carrier ''Minsk''. It was closed on February 14th, 2016 and the ship was moved away for repairs in order to be reestablished as a theme park in [[Nantong]], [[Jiangsu]]</see>
 +
 
 +
* <see name="OCT East" alt="东部华侨城" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="09:00-22:00" price="¥120" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Built by the same company that brought you Windows of the World. Located at the valleys and hills behind Dameisha (beach), it features a thrill ride, shows, and replica of European towns. Be prepared to climb a lot of stairs or escalators to reach all the different rides or attractions. There is a golf club on the hill called Wind Valley Golf. Please do note that there are certain safety issues about the park - mainly electrical problems. In June 2010, 6 people died when a electrical failure threw them off a ride. Several were injured as well. The park was plagued with other small electrical outages which have resulted in people trapped in cable cars etc.</see>  
  
===Other===
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* <see name="Playa Maya" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Water park open in Summer built around a Maya architectural theme.  There are shows all day and well into the night. The park is crowded on the weekends and holidays, but few people on the weekdays.</see>
*<see name="Shenzhen Concert Hall" alt="深圳音乐厅" address=" 2016 Fuzhong 1st Rd, Futian 福田区福中一路2016号" directions="either Shi Min Zhong Xin (Civic Centre) or Shao Nian Gong (Children's Palace) Stns Lines 2 or 4. Bus 25, 228, 65, 111, 71, 64, Shao Nian Gong bus stop" phone="Tickets +86 755 8284-1888 (09:00-20:00)" url="http://www.shenzhenconcerthall.com" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">See Shenzhen Library above. The Concert Hall hosts international standard performers in a glass-wrapped setting.</see>
+
 
 +
* <see name="Sea World Shekou China" alt="蛇口海上世界中国">There are no shortage of international chain restaurants. It is called sea world, because it has a big ship named ''Minghua'' that is now used for a hotel. Before, it was used in the sea, but now the have docked it on shore.  In the ship, there is also a restaurant/sports bar named X-Ta-Sea.  In that restaurant, there are pool tables, a Foosball table, live sports on television, and live music Tuesdays through Saturdays. Out in the plaza you can also rent a electronic animal ride or a triple seated bike. Behind the ship, there is a golf course that you could also visit. In the center of sea world, is a really smooth tiled center where people are riding their bikes, S boards, skateboards, and scooters.</see>
  
*<see name="Portofino" alt="波托菲诺; Bō​tuō​fēi​nuò​" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Shenzhen housing developments are often built around beautiful tropical gardens with luxurious club house amenities and one of the most famous of these is Portofino. It is built around a surprisingly attractive imitation of an Italian Piazzetta along a lake which has cafes, bars and restaurants without outdoor seating. Cantonese restaurant chain, Laurel, has a branch with outdoor seating here. Sunday morning dim sum queues are long.</see>
+
* <see name="Splendid China & Chinese Folk Culture Village" alt="深圳锦绣, 中华中国民俗文化村; Shēnzhèn​ Jǐnxiù  Zhōnghuá, Zhōngguó Mín​sú​ Wén​huà Cūn​​" address="" directions="Hua Qiao Cheng Metro Station, exit D, about 200 meters" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="&yen;150">In two sections: The first part is a miniature park of copies of well known Chinese sites; Forbidden City, Terracotta Soldiers, Tibet Potala Palace, Huangshan Mountains, Yunnan's Stone Forest, the Great Wall of China. This park covers 300,000 square meters with forested and greenery. The other part consists of 56 houses, each representing one of the 56 nationalities in China, such as Miao, Yi, Bai, Mongol and Uygur. You can find here real people, culture, fashion, habits, religion and language. Uygur women twirl to Turkish music, Miaos dance, a miniskirted Ming Dynasty troupe performs electronic versions of Ming music and dance. A simulated Mongol horse battle held daily. The final Phoenix show is ticketed on holidays. Afterwards near closing time there is a techno-light water splash fight in the splash area.</see>
  
*<see name="Shenzhen Library" alt="深圳图书馆" address=" 2016 Fuzhong 1st Road, Futian 福田区福中一路2016号" directions="either Shi Min Zhong Xin (Civic Centre) or Shao Nian Gong (Children's Palace) Stns on Lines 2 or 4. Bus 25, 228, 65, 111, 71, 64, Shao Nian Gong bus stop" phone="" url="http://www.szlib.gov.cn/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Shenzhen Library and Concert Hall together make up another of the architectural masterpieces of the city. Architect Arata Isozaki designed the buildings with a back of almost featureless black granite and a front of brilliant folded glass. It is a must see for architecture freaks.  The library has four million books.</see>
+
[[Image:Windows_show.jpg|thumb|Nightly Show, Windows of the World]]
 +
* <see name="Window of The World" alt="世界之窗" address="南山区华侨城深南大道" directions="Window of the World (世界之窗) Metro Station, Luobao Line" phone="" url="http://www.szwwco.com" hours="9am - 10 pm" price="¥180" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Travel around the world in one day. This 480,000 square meter park has a beautiful natural landscapes and wonderful lighting at night. Inside, you can climb the 1:3 ratio Eiffel Tower, Egyptian Pyramid, Pisa Tower, Taj Mahal of India, Grand Canyon, and other famous places of interest. There is also an indoor ski slope, paddle boats, and a flume rideEvery night there are dance shows based on themes of Chinese and world history. Hundreds of dancers perform on the outdoor stage. The performance finishes with a procession and fireworks at 9PM.</see>
  
==Do==
 
 
===Beaches===
 
===Beaches===
 
Shenzhen has some of China's best beaches, many of them untouched stretches of National Park. In 2006, China-edition ''National Geographic'' Magazine named the Dapeng Peninsula, where most of Shenzhen's beaches are situated, as one of China's top ten most scenic coastlines.
 
Shenzhen has some of China's best beaches, many of them untouched stretches of National Park. In 2006, China-edition ''National Geographic'' Magazine named the Dapeng Peninsula, where most of Shenzhen's beaches are situated, as one of China's top ten most scenic coastlines.
Line 547: Line 713:
  
 
===Concert halls and theatres===
 
===Concert halls and theatres===
 +
[[Image:Shenzhen_Concert_Hall_-_1_2.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Concert Hall]]
 +
*<see name="Shenzhen Concert Hall" alt="深圳音乐厅" address=" 2016 Fuzhong 1st Rd, Futian 福田区福中一路2016号" directions="either Shi Min Zhong Xin (Civic Centre) or Shao Nian Gong (Children's Palace) Stns Lines 2 or 4. Bus 25, 228, 65, 111, 71, 64, Shao Nian Gong bus stop" phone="Tickets +86 755 8284-1888 (09:00-20:00)" url="http://www.shenzhenconcerthall.com" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">See Shenzhen Library above. The Concert Hall hosts international standard performers in a glass-wrapped setting.</see>
 +
 
*<do name="Poly Theatre" alt="保利剧院" address="Baoli Wenhua Square, Houhaibin Rd, Nanshan District (南山区后海滨路保利文化广场; Nán​shān​qū​ Hòu​hǎi​bīn​ Lù Bǎo​lì​ Wén​huà​Guǎng​chǎng​​)" directions="Bus 70, 80, K113, 204, 217, 226, 230, 245, 369, 39" phone="+86 755 8637-1698, 8637-1699" url="http://www.polytheatresz.com/" email="[email protected]" fax="+86 755 8628-7308" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is a more or less middle brow theatre specialising in musical theatre and often hosting Russian Army theatre troupes. The futuristic silver egg-shaped building alone makes it worth a visit.</do>
 
*<do name="Poly Theatre" alt="保利剧院" address="Baoli Wenhua Square, Houhaibin Rd, Nanshan District (南山区后海滨路保利文化广场; Nán​shān​qū​ Hòu​hǎi​bīn​ Lù Bǎo​lì​ Wén​huà​Guǎng​chǎng​​)" directions="Bus 70, 80, K113, 204, 217, 226, 230, 245, 369, 39" phone="+86 755 8637-1698, 8637-1699" url="http://www.polytheatresz.com/" email="[email protected]" fax="+86 755 8628-7308" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is a more or less middle brow theatre specialising in musical theatre and often hosting Russian Army theatre troupes. The futuristic silver egg-shaped building alone makes it worth a visit.</do>
  
Line 557: Line 726:
 
* <do name="Shenzhen Symphony Orchestra" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></do>
 
* <do name="Shenzhen Symphony Orchestra" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></do>
  
 +
===Golf===
 +
Shenzhen is one of China's and indeed the world's great golfing Meccas. It boasts some of China's earliest golf courses. Mission Hills is the world's largest golf course and the scene of leading international tournaments.
  
 +
*<do name="Century Seaview Golf Club" alt="世纪海景高尔夫求会" address="Yangchou Bay, Nan' ao Town, Longgang (龙岗区南澳洋畴湾)" directions="" phone="+86 755 8440-0888" url="http://www.centuryseaviewgolf.com" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">An 18-hole PGA golf course set in beautiful mountain and sea surroundings near Nan'ao Town, Dapeng Peninsula.</do>
  
===Golf===
+
*<do name="Longgang Public Golf Course" alt="龙岗高尔夫" address="Next to the International Velodrome, He Keng, Henggang Town, Longgang District" directions="" phone="+86 755 2893-7188" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This course was the brainchild of a former Shenzhen Government official who wanted to bring golf to the masses. It is as an 18-hole 72 par course, situated on rolling hills in the Longgang District. The course founders wanted to keep green fees at 20-30% of commercial golf courses.</do>
Shenzhen is one of China's and indeed one of the world's great golfing Meccas. It boasts some of the earliest golf courses in China and, in Mission Hills, the world's largest golf course which is the scene of leading international tournaments.
 
  
 
*<do name="Mission Hills Golf Course" alt="观欄高尔夫" address="" directions="Along the intersection of the Meiguan Expressway, the Guanshen Expwy and the Jinhe Expwy" phone="+86 755 2802-0888"  url="http://www.missionhillsgroup.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The world's biggest golf course with 216 holes. Each course is designed by a different world champion golfer. The Golf World Cup has granted a 12-year franchise to Mission Hills.</do>
 
*<do name="Mission Hills Golf Course" alt="观欄高尔夫" address="" directions="Along the intersection of the Meiguan Expressway, the Guanshen Expwy and the Jinhe Expwy" phone="+86 755 2802-0888"  url="http://www.missionhillsgroup.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The world's biggest golf course with 216 holes. Each course is designed by a different world champion golfer. The Golf World Cup has granted a 12-year franchise to Mission Hills.</do>
  
*<do name="Shenzhen Golf Club" alt="深圳高尔夫俱乐部" address="Shennan Blvd, Futian District 福田区深南大道" directions="" phone="+86 755 3308-888" fax="+86 755 3304-992" url="http://www.golf007.com/english/golf_course/shenzhen/shenzhen.htm" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is one of China's two oldest golf courses. When it was established in 1985 it was way out in the country but now it is surrounded by skyscrapers, providing a pleasant oasis in the heart of Futian. This is where the locals prefer to play.</do>
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*<do name="Noble Merchants Golf Club" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="http://en.nmgolf.com.cn/newEbiz1/EbizPortalFG/portal/html/about.html" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></do>
 
 
*<do name="Shahe (Sand River) Golf Club" alt="沙河高尔夫会" address="Shahe E Rd Nanshan (南山区沙河东路)" directions="From the Huanggang Border crossing travel along Binhe/Binhai freeways to Shahe E Rd" phone="" url="http://www.srgc.cn/english/gbhtml/guide/huisuo.htm" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Another favorite with the locals. It has 27 holes plus a nine hole night course under lights. Gary Player designed the course.</do>
 
 
 
*<do name="Xili Golf Club" alt="" address="Tanglang Village Xili, Nanshan (南山区西丽针塘郎村)" directions="" phone="+86 755 2655-2888" fax="+86 755 2655-9793" email="[email protected]" url="http://www.xiligolf.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is a private club owned and managed by the Kuok family of Shangri-La fame. You will need an invitation to play here. It is worth getting it.</do>
 
 
 
*<do name="Longgang Public Golf Course" alt="龙岗高尔夫" address="Next to the International Velodrome, He Keng, Henggang Town, Longgang District" directions="" phone="+86 755 2893-7188" url="http://www.gzgolf.net/cn/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This course was the brainchild of a former official of the Shenzhen Government who wanted to bring golf to the masses. It is as an 18-hole 72 par course, situated on rolling hills in the  Longgang District. The founders of the course wanted to keep green fees at 20-30% of commercial golf courses.</do>
 
  
 
*<do name="OCT East Golf Club" alt="东部华乔城高尔夫" address="OCT East, Dameisha (盐田区大梅沙东部华乔城)" directions="Bus 53, 239, 103, 360, 364" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Shenzhen's newest and poshest golf course. It has two 18-hole courses, each with its own luxury clubhouse. Set in mountains overlooking Dameisha and Mirs Bay.</do>
 
*<do name="OCT East Golf Club" alt="东部华乔城高尔夫" address="OCT East, Dameisha (盐田区大梅沙东部华乔城)" directions="Bus 53, 239, 103, 360, 364" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Shenzhen's newest and poshest golf course. It has two 18-hole courses, each with its own luxury clubhouse. Set in mountains overlooking Dameisha and Mirs Bay.</do>
  
*<do name="Century Seaview Golf Club" alt="世纪海景高尔夫求会" address="Yangchou Bay, Nan' ao Town, Longgang (龙岗区南澳洋畴湾)" directions="" phone="+86 755 8440-0888" url="http://www.centuryseaviewgolf.com/en/index.html" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">An 18-hole PGA golf course set in beautiful mountain and sea surroundings near Nan'ao Town, Dapeng Peninsula.</do>
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*<do name="Shahe (Sand River) Golf Club" alt="沙河高尔夫会" address="Shahe E Rd Nanshan (南山区沙河东路)" directions="From the Huanggang Border crossing travel along Binhe/Binhai freeways to Shahe E Rd" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Another favorite with the locals. It has 27 holes plus a nine hole night course under lights. Gary Player designed the course.</do>
  
*<do name="Noble Merchants Golf Club" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="http://en.nmgolf.com.cn/newEbiz1/EbizPortalFG/portal/html/about.html" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></do>
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*<do name="Shenzhen Golf Club" alt="深圳高尔夫俱乐部" address="Shennan Blvd, Futian District 福田区深南大道" directions="" phone="+86 755 3308-888" fax="+86 755 3304-992" url="http://www.golf007.com/english/golf_course/shenzhen/shenzhen.htm" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is one of China's two oldest golf courses. When it was established in 1985 it was way out in the country but now it is surrounded by skyscrapers, providing a pleasant oasis in the heart of Futian. This is where the locals prefer to play.</do>
  
 +
*<do name="Xili Golf Club" alt="" address="Tanglang Village Xili, Nanshan (南山区西丽针塘郎村)" directions="" phone="+86 755 2655-2888" fax="+86 755 2655-9793" email="[email protected]" url="http://www.xiligolf.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">This is a private club owned and managed by the Kuok family of Shangri-La fame. You will need an invitation to play here. It is worth getting it.</do>
  
 
===Spas and massage===
 
===Spas and massage===
Shenzhen is a popular place for Hong Kong people to go to get a massage. Prices are low compared with Hong Kong, though generally higher than elsewhere in China. (洗脚 xǐ jiǎo) (which actually often consists of massaging your shoulders, back, arms, legs, and feet!) costs ¥25-50 for 60-80 minutes depending on the location, time of day, and quality of the establishment. A full-body massage (按摩 àn mó or 松骨 sōng gǔ) costs ¥50-150 for 90-120 minutes.
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Shenzhen is a popular place for Hong Kong people to go to get a massage. Prices are low compared with Hong Kong, though generally higher than elsewhere in China. (洗脚 xǐ jiǎo) (which actually often consists of massaging your shoulders, back, arms, legs, and feet!) costs ¥25-50 for 60-80 minutes depending on the location, time of day, and establishment quality. A full-body massage (按摩 àn mó or 松骨 sōng gǔ) costs ¥50-150 for 90-120 minutes.
  
In recent years many large spa and massage complexes have appeared in Shenzhen. For an entrance fee of around ¥100 (waived if you purchase around ¥160 of spa and massage services) you get 24 hours of access to a spa pool, saunas, showers, baths, and other amenities depending on the facility such as a gym or pool. Paid services often include Internet access, billiards, and rentable "multi-purpose rooms" with KTV/karaoke and games. Complimentary items include drinks (sometimes restricted to juice) and fruit; food can be bought for ¥20–50 a plate. For around ¥50 for 45 minutes (not including a ¥10–30 tip and often a 10% service charge) you can have head, foot, leg, shoulder, back, or hand massage while lying in one of the many reclining chair-couches — two types at once if you wish — and watch personal TV, read a book, or relax. For around ¥150 you can have 90 minutes of full-body Chinese, Thai, or Hong Kong-style massage in a private room or with your friends. Chinese Medical Massage and aromatherapy oil massages are usually available at a premium. Masseuses and masseurs hail from various regions around China and are listed with pictures and statistics in catalogues and can be selected by number. Very few of them speak any English.
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In recent years many large spa and massage complexes have appeared in Shenzhen. For an entrance fee of around ¥100 (waived if you purchase around ¥160 of spa and massage services) you get 24 hours of access to a spa pool, saunas, showers, baths, and other amenities depending on the facility such as a gym or pool. Paid services often include Internet access, billiards, and rentable "multi-purpose rooms" with KTV/karaoke and games. Complimentary items include drinks (sometimes restricted to juice) and fruit; food can be bought for ¥20–50 a plate. For around ¥50 for 45 minutes (not including a ¥10–30 tip and often a 10% service charge) you can have head, foot, leg, shoulder, back, or hand massage while lying in one of the many reclining chair-couches — two types at once if you wish — and watch personal TV, read a book, or relax. For around ¥150 you can have 90 minutes of full-body Chinese, Thai, or Hong Kong-style massage in a private room or with your friends. Chinese Medical Massage and aromatherapy oil massages are usually available at a premium. Masseuses and masseurs hail from various regions around China and are listed with pictures and statistics in catalogues and can be selected by number; very few speak any English.
  
Spa complexes can be found around the border crossings with Hong Kong, so as to cater to the relatively rich Hong Kong population looking to unwind. In the basement of the Luohu customs and immigration building (not the LCC mall) free shuttles are available to various spas, some of which also have themed waiting areas with price lists and pictures of the facilities. Some spas have representatives standing around to give out discount tickets (often ¥20) as an enticement.
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Spa complexes can be found around the border crossings with Hong Kong, so as to cater to the relatively rich Hong Kong population looking to unwind. In the basement of the Luohu customs and immigration building (not the LCC mall) free shuttles are available to various spas. Some have themed waiting areas with price lists and facilities pictures. Some spas have representatives standing around to give out discount tickets (often ¥20) as an enticement.
  
 
Massages can be rather painful, especially on the feet! If you can endure it, you'll notice the lasting benefits. But if it is too much, you can say "Teng! Teng!" (pronounced like "tongue") to express your pain and make them ease up.  
 
Massages can be rather painful, especially on the feet! If you can endure it, you'll notice the lasting benefits. But if it is too much, you can say "Teng! Teng!" (pronounced like "tongue") to express your pain and make them ease up.  
Line 591: Line 757:
  
 
====Near Lok Ma Chau border crossing====
 
====Near Lok Ma Chau border crossing====
* <do name="Oriental Palm Spring International Spa Club" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="[http://www.orientalpalmspring.com]" hours="" price="">Refurbished with a strong Thai themed interior decor, you almost think you are in a Thailand resort especially on the new first floor. One of the many big spas in the Futian area and well worth a try if you're not into the hanky panky business. OPS is famous for providing excellent service, massages and Chinese cuisine.</do>
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* <do name="Oriental Palm Spring International Spa Club" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="[]" hours="" price="">Refurbished with a strong Thai themed interior decor, you almost think you are in a Thailand resort especially on the new first floor. One of many big spas in the Futian area and well worth a try if you're not into shady/sordid services. OPS is known for providing excellent service, massages and Chinese cuisine.</do>
  
* <do name="SLF International Spa Club" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="[http://www.slfspa.com]" hours="" price="">Branded as '''Water Cube''' is brand new, hence in excellent condition, and tastefully designed with an interior resembling a luxury hotel. Although English is barely spoken by anybody, the staff are clearly trained to be first class and they try their best to be helpful — and sell massages, which cost ¥48 for 45 minutes of lounge-chair massage through ¥128–238 for 90 minutes of full-body massage in the usual styles, 10% service charge and tip separate. The spa is visible from the main street outside Lok Ma Chau border crossing and metro stop, and shuttles are available to Luo Wu and Huanggang border crossings. Gym, fruit, full drink menu including iced lemon tea and coffee, gym, and videogames complimentary; internet, karaoke and VIP room rental, billiards, table tennis, and of course food all charged separately.</do>
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* <do name="SLF International Spa Club" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="[]" hours="" price="">Branded as '''Water Cube''', designed with an interior intended to resemble a higher end hotel. Although English is barely spoken by anybody, the staff are clearly trained to be first class and they try their best to be helpful — and sell massages, which cost ¥48 for 45 minutes of lounge-chair massage through ¥128–238 for 90 minutes of full-body massage in the usual styles, 10% service charge and tip separate. The spa is visible from the main street outside Lok Ma Chau border crossing and metro stop, and shuttles are available to Luo Wu and Huanggang border crossings. Gym, fruit, full drink menu including iced lemon tea and coffee, gym, and videogames complimentary; internet, karaoke and VIP room rental, billiards, table tennis, and of course food all charged separately.</do>
  
 
====Near Luohu border crossing====
 
====Near Luohu border crossing====
Line 603: Line 769:
  
 
* <do name="Zense">Shuttle available. Look for desk at Luo Ho station. Basically same prices as Queen Spa but a little bit newer</do>
 
* <do name="Zense">Shuttle available. Look for desk at Luo Ho station. Basically same prices as Queen Spa but a little bit newer</do>
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 +
===Urban walking===
 +
Shennan Road's simplicity of route, consistently flat terrain and variety of nearby places of interest makes it great for urban walking enthusiasts. Covering its entire length in under 6 hours is very achievable. Such are the variety and number of nearby places of interest along it's route combined with frequency of opportunities for rest and / or refreshment, its easy to spend a full day out walking its length by those who wish to do so. Shennan Road has abundant metro stations as entry/exit points along its route for sightseers only walking part of its length.
  
 
==Buy==
 
==Buy==
{{style}}
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Major credit cards (i.e. Visa, Masters, HSBC) are accepted throughout Shenzhen. But note that in many establishments only local Chinese and not International Visa etc cards are recognised. Ask first if they accept international cards. JCB and American Express have limited coverage. Cirrus, Plus & Maestro facilities allow owners to withdraw money from banks (but not all bank ATMs. Bank of China ATMs at all Metro stations accept foreign cards). Remember to activate your card for the pin usage. MixC has ATMs for some international credit cards, where cash can be withdrawn in those ATMs against your credit limit.
Major credit cards (i.e. Visa, Masters, HSBC) are accepted throughout Shenzhen. But note that in many establishments only local Chinese and not International Visa etc cards are recognised. Ask first if they accept international cards. JCB and American Express have limited coverage. Cirrus, Plus & Maestro facilities allow owners to withdraw money from banks (but not all bank ATMs. Bank of China ATMs at all Metro stations accept foreign cards). Remember to activate your card for the pin usage. MixC has ATMs for some of the international credit cards, where cash can be withdrawn in those ATMs against your credit limit.
 
  
 
Bank of China, China Merchants Bank, and many but not all Chinese banks accept foreign cards. You may check with your bank to see if they have a local branch here. Most ATMs are open for 24 hours. Some are only opened if you swipe the card at the security doors.
 
Bank of China, China Merchants Bank, and many but not all Chinese banks accept foreign cards. You may check with your bank to see if they have a local branch here. Most ATMs are open for 24 hours. Some are only opened if you swipe the card at the security doors.
Line 612: Line 780:
 
At places in Luo Hu, cash is highly recommended. Some places charge an extra 10% for credit card purchases. The shop assistants will bring you to shops that have credit card processing machines. At shopping centers, remember to check with the cashiers to see if they accept credit cards before making purchases. There are few shopping centers that accept credit card with passport verification, though you may lose your discount on the purchase.
 
At places in Luo Hu, cash is highly recommended. Some places charge an extra 10% for credit card purchases. The shop assistants will bring you to shops that have credit card processing machines. At shopping centers, remember to check with the cashiers to see if they accept credit cards before making purchases. There are few shopping centers that accept credit card with passport verification, though you may lose your discount on the purchase.
  
To avoid fraud please only buy storage (memory cards, USB sticks, SSD hard drives etc) from the reputable brand stores. Many street vendors in Shenzhen sell fake storage at seemingly low price - you can buy as 64Gb microSD card for $5, but once you copy 64Gb data into it, you'll find that all of it is corrupted, that its real capacity is much less (typically around 8Gb), and it just pretends to have much higher storage. At the very least, if you purchase such a card, before using it fill it up completely with meaningful data (such as pictures), and then see if any of them get corrupted.
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To avoid fraud please only buy storage (memory cards, USB sticks, SSD hard drives etc) from the reputable brand stores. Many street vendors in Shenzhen sell fake storage at seemingly low price - you can buy as 64Gb microSD card for $5, but once you copy 64Gb data into it, you'll find that all of it is corrupted, that its real capacity is much less (typically around 8Gb), and it just pretends to have much higher storage. At the very least, if you purchase such a card, before using it fill it up completely with meaningful data (such as pictures), and then see if any get corrupted.
  
Be careful when getting change from large notes as people may try to give you Hong Kong dollars instead of yuan. The Hong Kong dollar is worth less than yuan. Counterfeiting of the 100-yuan note is also a big problem, so familiarize yourself with the security features of Chinese currency. Also, expect that most stores will check your notes carefully for counterfeiting, and if you are in a big hurry, have a lot of smaller notes.
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Be careful when getting change from large notes as people may try to give you Hong Kong dollars instead of yuan. The Hong Kong dollar is worth less than yuan. 100-yuan note counterfeiting is also a big problem, so familiarise yourself with Chinese currency security features. Also, expect that most stores will check your notes carefully for counterfeiting, and if you are in a big hurry, have a lot of smaller notes.
  
 
For currency information, see the [[China#Buy|China]] page.
 
For currency information, see the [[China#Buy|China]] page.
Line 624: Line 792:
 
* <buy name="Carrefour 家乐福" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="http://www.carrefour.com.cn" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">You will find food, wine, appliances, clothe, etc...There are 8 stores in Shenzhen and you just need to say "Jia le fu" to a taxi driver to take you there.</buy>
 
* <buy name="Carrefour 家乐福" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" url="http://www.carrefour.com.cn" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">You will find food, wine, appliances, clothe, etc...There are 8 stores in Shenzhen and you just need to say "Jia le fu" to a taxi driver to take you there.</buy>
  
* <buy name="Central Walk" alt="" address="" directions="1 block away from the exhibition centre on Fuhua Rd. Take Metro to Exhibition Centre stop and Central Walk is located at exit B. 5-min walk from Coco Park" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Another Shopping complex in Shenzhen. Base tenant is Carrefour, but also has usual shops, restaurants and a cinema. Three floors of shops arranged in a circle.  Mostly women's clothes.  Starbucks and Italian Best Coffee (Illy Coffee) are located here. Subway (Sandwiches) also has opened here.</buy>
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* <buy name="Central Walk" alt="" address="" directions="1 block away from the exhibition centre on Fuhua Rd. Take Metro to Exhibition Centre stop and Central Walk is located at exit B. 5-min walk from Coco Park" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Another Shopping complex in Shenzhen. Three floors of mostly women's clothes shops arranged in a circle. Base tenant is Carrefour, but also has usual shops, eateries and a cinema.</buy>
  
 
* <buy name="Coco Park" alt="" address="" directions="near Gou Wu Gong Yuan Stn (购物公园)" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">New shopping mega complex. Sports, clothing, fashion, coffee, some restaurants, including "Norway.Oslo" which has some outdoor seating.  When you get bored you can go outside and hit up McCawley's or the Mexican restaurant for dinner, then visit any of a number of bars just across the street from the mall.  Coco Park is close to the Shenzhen Convention Exhibition Center.</buy>
 
* <buy name="Coco Park" alt="" address="" directions="near Gou Wu Gong Yuan Stn (购物公园)" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">New shopping mega complex. Sports, clothing, fashion, coffee, some restaurants, including "Norway.Oslo" which has some outdoor seating.  When you get bored you can go outside and hit up McCawley's or the Mexican restaurant for dinner, then visit any of a number of bars just across the street from the mall.  Coco Park is close to the Shenzhen Convention Exhibition Center.</buy>
  
* <buy name="Decathlon 迪卡侬" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The French sports supplies retailer Decathlon has got more than 30 stores in the country in all major cities. You will find 2 stores in Shenzhen. [https://www.decathlon.com.cn/en/store-locator Decathlon Store locator]</buy>
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* <buy name="Decathlon 迪卡侬" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The French sports supplies retailer Decathlon has got more than 30 stores in the country in all major cities. You will find 2 stores in Shenzhen. [https://www.decathlon.com.cn]</buy>
  
 
* <buy name="Dong Men Pedestrian Street" alt="东门步行街; Dōng​mén​ Bù​xíng​ Jiē​" address="" directions="Lao Jie Stn, exit A" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">The place to go for clothes and small-ticket items. This place is better than Luohu Commercial City in terms of price and range of items. Other than several department stores, most are smaller stalls. The price is cheap, even at local standards. You can easily spend a day there.</buy>
 
* <buy name="Dong Men Pedestrian Street" alt="东门步行街; Dōng​mén​ Bù​xíng​ Jiē​" address="" directions="Lao Jie Stn, exit A" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">The place to go for clothes and small-ticket items. This place is better than Luohu Commercial City in terms of price and range of items. Other than several department stores, most are smaller stalls. The price is cheap, even at local standards. You can easily spend a day there.</buy>
  
* <buy name="Hua Qiang Bei" alt="" address="" directions="cnr of Huaqiang Bei and Shennan; Hua Qiang Lu Stn, exit A" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Much like Dong Men, this is the place for anything electronic. This is the absolute epicentre of the world's electronics industry and you can buy anything electronic here. There are dozens buildings each with many floors of small stalls selling electronics items. Most of the buildings are set up so that there are two floors with wholesale components and the rest is dedicated to consumer goods.  Accessories like keyboards are mice usually on the top floors, and there a many recycling, cell phone, and electronics repair centers. This area is especially interesting if you are a geek since its is also a manufacturing center, wholesale distribution area, and recycling center so you can see cell phones get made from parts.
+
[[Image:View-Of-HQB-Shenzhen-Lychee-Park.jpg|thumb|2005 view of Hua Qiang Bei from Lychee Park. SEG Plaza dominates the photo skyline.]]
 +
[[Image:Shenzhen Metro Huaxin Station exit B.jpg|thumb|Shenzhen Metro Huaxin Station is at one end of Hua Qiang Road.]]
 +
* <buy name="Hua Qiang" alt="" address="" directions="between Hongli Road and and Shennan Blvd; Huaxin metro exit A2 and Huaqiang metro exit A are at either end. Huaqiang Road North metro is part way along." phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">This kilometre long pedestrian street is the place for anything electronic. This is the global electronics industry's absolute epicentre and you can buy anything electronic here. There are dozens of buildings each with many floors of small stalls selling electronics items. It's possible to spend days walking around here going through every floor on every building looking at electronics products. Most buildings are set up so that there are two floors with wholesale components and the rest is dedicated to consumer goods.  Accessories like keyboards are mice usually on the top floors, and there a many recycling, cell phone, and electronics repair centres. This area is especially interesting if you are a tech geek since its is also a manufacturing centre, wholesale distribution area, and recycling center so you can see cell phones get made from parts.
  
Some of the buildings have a particular type of item. One famously devotes itself to stealth and security. Local smart phones, Android tablets, LED's, and cables each have an entire building devoted entirely to them. If haggling isn't your thing, you can also get consumer electronics at Suning. Gome, Sundan and branded cell phone stores at the northern end of the street. There are small restaurants in the streets crossing Huaqiang Bei. Starbucks, KFC, McDonalds and local knockoffs are all here too.  Most of the smaller stores will close at around 5 or 6 p.m, but the name brand shops will be open until 9 p.m.
+
Some buildings stock a particular type of item. e.g. One devotes itself to stealth and security. Local smart phones, Android tablets, LED's, and cables each have an entire building devoted entirely to them. If haggling isn't your thing, you can also get consumer electronics at Suning. Gome, Sundan and branded cell phone stores at the street's northern end. Most smaller stores close from around 6 p.m; brand name shops open until 9 p.m. Dozens of small eateries around Huaqiang Bei include a (very) budget priced, Buddhist all-vegan eatery called Pure and Happy round the corner from Huaxin metro exit B and an inexpensive, long opening hours Indian place called Namaste near Huaqiang North metro exit C.
  
Generally speaking the price for global brands are the same as in other places. There are deals to be found in local non-branded smart phones and tablets which are often 50% the price of global brands. Accessories are extremely cheap, and you can buy thinks like cables, LED's, and flash cards in bulk. The chain stores will offer upfront/no-haggle prices and international warranties. The small stalls do not list prices so you should use the web to look up prices for goods before you buy. In addition, most of the merchants are in the wholesale business, and would be delighted if you buy in bulk for resale back home.
+
Generally speaking the prices for global brands are the same as in other places. There are deals to be found in local non-branded smart phones and tablets which are often 50% the price of global brands. Accessories are extremely cheap, and you can buy thinks like cables, LED's, and flash cards in bulk. Chain stores offer upfront/no-haggle prices and international warranties. The small stalls do not list prices so you should use the web to look up prices for goods before you buy. Most merchants wholesale if you seek to bulk buy. Also, there are products unavailable anywhere else (like a computer keyboard made of bamboo or a cell phone shaped like a racing car).
  
Also, there are products here that you can't find anywhere else (like a computer keyboard made of bamboo or a cell phone shaped like a racing car).
 
 
</buy>
 
</buy>
  
Line 645: Line 814:
 
** <buy name="Mingtong Electronics Market" alt="" address="" directions="Few minutes from the SEG market" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Houses watch parts, electronic toys, and mobile phone parts.</buy>
 
** <buy name="Mingtong Electronics Market" alt="" address="" directions="Few minutes from the SEG market" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Houses watch parts, electronic toys, and mobile phone parts.</buy>
  
*<buy name="Jiahua Foreign Trade Clothing Market" alt="" address="广东省深圳市福田区华强北路2007号 No.2007, Huaqiang N Rd, Futian District" directions="How to get there: take the subway to Huagiang Lu, and take exit a. Walk north along Huaqiang Lu and once you cross Zhenhua Road go past NICO Womens World and in between NICO/KFC and MOI/Starbucks you’ll see a wide lane way that leads to the market. (from shenzhenshopper.com)" phone="" url="" hours="" price="low" lat="" long="">Series of stalls selling lots of cheap clothing.  It's not quite as huge as Luohu Commercial City, but it's worth a look. </buy>
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*<buy name="Jiahua Foreign Trade Clothing Market" alt="" address="广东省深圳市福田区华强北路2007号 No.2007, Huaqiang N Rd, Futian District" directions="How to get there: take the subway to Huagiang Road, and take exit a. Walk north along Huaqiang Lu and once you cross Zhenhua Road go past NICO Womens World and in between NICO and MOI you’ll see a wide lane way that leads to the market. (from shenzhenshopper.com)" phone="" url="" hours="" price="low" lat="" long="">Series of stalls selling lots of cheap clothing.  It's not quite as huge as Luohu Commercial City, but it's worth a look. </buy>
  
 
* <buy name="KingGlory Plaza" alt="" address="" directions="Guo Mao Stn, exit A" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A mall, along the lines of MixC. It is fairly high priced. It includes a movie theater as well as the "IN" bar/nightclub (that's the name of it) and "Yellow" bar.  Eight floors connected by criss-crossed escalators give you enough stores to stay occupied for a few hours.  Lots of restaurants in the sub-ground levels.  Connected by a walkway to Rainbow Mall.  There's a Pacific Coffee on the ground floor.</buy>
 
* <buy name="KingGlory Plaza" alt="" address="" directions="Guo Mao Stn, exit A" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">A mall, along the lines of MixC. It is fairly high priced. It includes a movie theater as well as the "IN" bar/nightclub (that's the name of it) and "Yellow" bar.  Eight floors connected by criss-crossed escalators give you enough stores to stay occupied for a few hours.  Lots of restaurants in the sub-ground levels.  Connected by a walkway to Rainbow Mall.  There's a Pacific Coffee on the ground floor.</buy>
  
* <buy name="Luohu (Cantonese Lo Wu) Commercial City" alt="" address="" directions="Just across from the Hong Kong border; Luohu Metro Stn, exit A" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Offers a very different experience to shopping in Hong Kong and is therefore worth a visit if only spending a short time in China. Spread over several levels are many small stores, each selling similar products: watches, jewellery, handbags, clothes and DVDs. These products are rarely authentic but they are often very well made and detailed fakes. There are many stallholders pressuring shoppers to part with their money but the atmosphere is one of enjoyable bartering. This is the place to go for Western sizes in clothing and shoes. This is also the place to go to have massages and nails done dirt cheap as well. But remember, this is not really Shenzhen. It is rough, dirty and infested with touts. Take the plunge and go another hundred yards into the city and you will find that your Luohu Commercial City experience is not representative of the rest of the city.</buy>
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* <buy name="Luohu (Cantonese Lo Wu) Commercial City" alt="" address="" directions="Just across from the Hong Kong border; Luohu Metro Stn, exit A" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Offers a very different shopping experience to Hong Kong and can perhaps be worth a visit if only spending a short time in China. Spread over several levels are many small stores, each selling similar products: watches, jewellery, handbags, clothes and DVDs. These products are rarely authentic but are sometimes well made, detailed fakes. There are many stallholders pressuring shoppers to part with their money but the atmosphere is one of enjoyable bartering. This is the place to go for Western sizes in clothing and shoes. This is also a place to have massages and nails done. Note, Luohu Commercial City is rough, dirty and infested with touts. If you press on further you will be rewarded to find Luohu Commercial City does not represent Shenzhen.</buy>
  
* <buy name="MixC Shopping Mall" alt="" address="" directions="Da Ju Yuan Stn, exit C-3" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">The largest (and easily the most expensive) shopping mall in Shenzhen. Highlights include the following: Olympic size indoor Ice Skating Rink, Golden Harvest Cinema movie theater, Ole (high end supermarket with many imported items), Spaghetti House and Starbucks. Good option</buy>
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* <buy name="MixC Shopping Mall" alt="" address="" directions="Da Ju Yuan Stn, exit C-3" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">The largest (and easily the most expensive) shopping mall in Shenzhen. Highlights include the following: Olympic size indoor Ice Skating Rink, Golden Harvest Cinema movie theater, Ole (high end supermarket with many imported items), F&B outlets</buy>
  
*<buy name="OCT Loft Market" alt="" address="OCT Loft" directions="Get off at Qiaocheng East Station 侨城东站. Go out exit A. Turn right and walk till you reach a gas station. Turn right again and keep going straight for about 3 blocks." phone="" url="" hours="Morning to Early Afternoon" price="" lat="" long="">The first Sunday of every month, OCT Loft holds an open air market for local artists. There are some regulars, but stalls change every month. People sell hand made jewelry, clothes, photographs, prints, post cards, and other crafts. Not the cheapest place to shop, but you can get a set of hand drawn post cards for about 20 RMB which make great souvenirs. Some artists will let you bargain.</buy>
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*<buy name="OCT Loft Market" alt="" address="OCT Loft" directions="Get off at Qiaocheng East Station 侨城东站. Go out exit A. Turn right and walk till you reach a gas station. Turn right again and keep going straight for about 3 blocks." phone="" url="" hours="Morning to Early Afternoon" price="" lat="" long="">The first Sunday of every month, OCT Loft holds an open air market for local artists. There are some regulars, but stalls change every month. People sell hand made jewellery, clothes, photographs, prints, post cards, and other crafts. Not the cheapest place to shop, but you can get a set of hand drawn post cards for about 20 RMB which make great souvenirs. Some artists will let you bargain.</buy>
  
* <buy name="Shekou" alt="" address="" directions="Buses 113, K113, 204, K204 and 328 to the end of the line (to the west)" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The expat hangout with everything Western that you might be accustomed too.</buy>
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* <buy name="Shekou" alt="" address="" directions="Buses 113, K113, 204, K204 and 328 West to the end of the line" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The expat hangout with much Westerners may be accustomed too.</buy>
  
* <buy name="Shenzhen Book City" alt="" address="Fu Zhong Rd 1, Futian District" directions="Shao Nian Gong Stn (少年宫站), a.k.a. Children's Palace, exit C or D" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">This is a huge bookstore with a great selection of books, music, movies, and multimedia products. It bills itself as the biggest bookshop in the world. There is a small shop which specialises in English books, Eon Books. The DVD and CD section sells more or less legal versions of excellent movies at prices slightly higher than you will pay to street vendors. This often reflects better quality (but not always).  Make sure you go on Sunday mornings when story telling competitions are held for children between the ages of 4 and 8. You may not be able to understand a word but they are cute.</buy>
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[[Image:Shenzhen_Book_City_001.jpg|thumb|Book City]]
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* <buy name="Shenzhen Book City" alt="" address="Fu Zhong Rd 1, Futian District" directions="Shao Nian Gong Stn (少年宫站), a.k.a. Children's Palace, exit C or D" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">This is a huge bookstore with enormous selection of books, music, movies and multimedia products. It bills itself as the biggest bookshop in the world. There is a small shop which specialises in English books, Eon Books. The DVD and CD section sells more or less legal versions of excellent movies at prices slightly higher than you will pay to street vendors. This often reflects better quality (but not always).  Make sure you go on Sunday mornings when story telling competitions are held for children between the ages of 4 and 8. You may not be able to understand a word but they are cute.</buy>
  
*<buy name="Shun Hing Square" alt="(Diwang Building)" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">On Shennan Road, across from the MixC.  Go to the Da Juyuan (大剧院) metro station. You won't miss it, because Diwang Dasha is the second-biggest building in Shenzhen after the Kingkey building.  The shopping center is actually very small, with just a few stores on three small levels, but it's in an area of town with lots of other attractions, so you might dart in to see what's to be found. Starbucks on the ground floor, McDonald's in the basement level.  </buy>
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*<buy name="Shun Hing Square" alt="(Diwang Building)" address="" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">On Shennan Road, across from the MixC.  Go to the Da Juyuan (大剧院) metro station. The shopping center is actually very small, with just a few stores on three small levels, but it's in an area of town with lots of other attractions, so you might dart in to see what's to be found.</buy>
  
 
*<buy name="Tea World Terminal Market" alt="" address="" directions="Close to Lo Wu/Luohu Stn, from Shenzhen railway station, walk up Jian She Rd, and it will be on your right side, outside stairs leading up to 1F" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">A whole warehouse with many stores selling all things related to tea. Wonderful selection of everything from Pu'er-teas to tea-ware. They seem not to be focused on selling to tourists but they still take time with you if you want to go through the tea ceremonies.
 
*<buy name="Tea World Terminal Market" alt="" address="" directions="Close to Lo Wu/Luohu Stn, from Shenzhen railway station, walk up Jian She Rd, and it will be on your right side, outside stairs leading up to 1F" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">A whole warehouse with many stores selling all things related to tea. Wonderful selection of everything from Pu'er-teas to tea-ware. They seem not to be focused on selling to tourists but they still take time with you if you want to go through the tea ceremonies.
Line 667: Line 837:
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
Because Shenzhen is a migrant city, all of China's regional cuisines are represented here. Restaurants range from hole-in-the-wall establishments for homesick working class arrivals to opulent food palaces for businessmen and politicians entertaining clients. If you are a foreigner, spending ¥100 on a fantastic meal is no problem (though, you can spend ¥35 or less on a fantastic meal in Shenzhen). Treat yourself, and enjoy the wonderful food and variety of Shenzhen! There are a lot of bars and restaurants in Shekou which is the main residential zone for Shenzhen's sizable Western expatriate community. There are plenty of international chain eateries in the Hua Qiang Bei area.
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Shenzhen being a migrant city, all of China's regional cuisines are represented here. Restaurants range from hole-in-the-wall establishments for homesick working class arrivals to opulent food palaces for businessmen and politicians entertaining clients. If you are a foreigner, spending ¥100 on a fantastic meal is no problem (though, you can spend ¥35 or less on a fantastic meal in Shenzhen). Treat yourself, and enjoy the wonderful food and variety of Shenzhen! There are a lot of bars and restaurants in Shekou which is the main residential zone for Shenzhen's sizable Western expatriate community. There are plenty of eateries in the Hua Qiang Bei area.
  
Overseas Chinese Town (OCT) is famous for its numerous dining options, including some of the best Korean restaurants in Shenzhen. All are within easy walking distance from Hua Qiao Cheng (OCT) Metro Station, behind the recently opened InterContinental Shenzhen Hotel.
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Overseas Chinese Town (OCT) is famous for its numerous dining options, including some of Shenzhen's Korean restaurants. All are within easy walking distance from Hua Qiao Cheng (OCT) Metro Station, behind the recently opened InterContinental Shenzhen Hotel.
  
 
Shenzhen has abundant vegetarian eateries. Many of these are all-vegan in what they offer and most are at least vegan-friendly.[https://www.happycow.net/asia/china/shenzhen/]
 
Shenzhen has abundant vegetarian eateries. Many of these are all-vegan in what they offer and most are at least vegan-friendly.[https://www.happycow.net/asia/china/shenzhen/]
  
 
===Budget===
 
===Budget===
 
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As well as casual restaurants and fine dining, Shenzhen has its '''"Eat Streets"'''. Eat Streets are agglomerations of cheap, in-elaborate restaurants serving food from all over China usually high in sugar, salt and saturated fat. Different Eat Streets often specialise in food from different parts of China. Some of the best known are included below.
Just north of the Shenzhen Sports Center next to Blue Bird cafe at Shahe W Rd and Gaoxin South 11th Rd in front of the market in the early morning are steamed dim sum like dishes. You must order in Mandarin, as they don't speak English or even Cantonese.
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[[Image:Miao Ji Xiang Buddhist vegan buffet in Shaibu, Shenzhen.jpg|thumb|The least expensive, best value eateries in Shenzhen are often self-serve, all-you-can-eat buffets in Buddhist run restaurants.]]
 
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The most inexpensive options for vegetarians are the lower priced, sometimes huge, healthy, all-you-can-eat vegetarian buffet restaurants in Shenzhen run by Buddhists. Some of these serve only vegan produce charging less than 20 rmb per person.
As well as casual restaurants and fine dining, Shenzhen has its '''"Eat Streets"'''. These are agglomerations of 'cheap and cheerful', inelaborate restaurants serving food from all over China. Different Eat Streets often specialise in food from different parts of China. Some of the best known are set out below:
 
  
 
* <eat name="Bagua First Road Eat Street" alt="八卦一路食街" address="Bagua First Rd, Futian 福田区八卦一路" directions="Bus 7, 13, 24, 105 Ba Gua Er Lu 八卦二路or Kang Tai Wu Le Cheng 康泰吴乐城bus stops" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">This was Shenzhen's first Eat Street. Food was originally Cantonese brought by homesick Hong Kong factory owners. Cantonese as well as pan-China food. Snake is available in season (October to January) here.</eat>
 
* <eat name="Bagua First Road Eat Street" alt="八卦一路食街" address="Bagua First Rd, Futian 福田区八卦一路" directions="Bus 7, 13, 24, 105 Ba Gua Er Lu 八卦二路or Kang Tai Wu Le Cheng 康泰吴乐城bus stops" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">This was Shenzhen's first Eat Street. Food was originally Cantonese brought by homesick Hong Kong factory owners. Cantonese as well as pan-China food. Snake is available in season (October to January) here.</eat>
Line 685: Line 854:
  
 
*<eat name="Dongmen Food Street" alt="东门食街" address="2001 Jiefang Rd Luohu 罗湖区动门老街解放路标2001号" directions="Bus 102, 103, 113, 203. (Buses stop in Dong Men Zhong Lu. Walk along one of the pedestrian streets near the Dong Men footbridge to get to the shopping area.)
 
*<eat name="Dongmen Food Street" alt="东门食街" address="2001 Jiefang Rd Luohu 罗湖区动门老街解放路标2001号" directions="Bus 102, 103, 113, 203. (Buses stop in Dong Men Zhong Lu. Walk along one of the pedestrian streets near the Dong Men footbridge to get to the shopping area.)
Metro:Lao Jie lines 1 and 3" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""> There's the usual Cantonese, Sichuan and Hunanese but there's also Thai, South=east Asian and even German. Many chains are represented.</eat>
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Metro:Lao Jie lines 1 and 3" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""> There's the usual Cantonese, Sichuan and Hunanese but there's also Thai, Southeast Asian and even German. This eat street is chaotic, has intrusively loud music blaring out of shop speaker systems that is difficult to talk over and electric bikes swarming on the pavement are a public menace.</eat>
  
 
*<eat name="Donghai Koreatown Eat Street" alt="东海韩国城食街" address="East Pacific Gardens Blvd, Xiangmi Hu 福田区香蜜湖东海花园东海坊" directions="Che Gong Miao Stn" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Shenzhen's leading Koreatown. Lots of Kimchi and bulgogi among other dishes.</eat>
 
*<eat name="Donghai Koreatown Eat Street" alt="东海韩国城食街" address="East Pacific Gardens Blvd, Xiangmi Hu 福田区香蜜湖东海花园东海坊" directions="Che Gong Miao Stn" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Shenzhen's leading Koreatown. Lots of Kimchi and bulgogi among other dishes.</eat>
  
*<eat name="Gangxia Village Eat Street" alt="岗下村食街" address="Gangxia Village Futian 福田区岗下村" directions="Gang Xia Stn" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">One of the earliest and most diverse Eat Streets. It specialises in Beijing, Shanghai, Yunnan and Ningxia/Gansu Muslim minority food</eat>
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*<eat name="Gangxia Village Eat Street" alt="岗下村食街" address="Gangxia Village Futian 福田区岗下村" directions="Gang Xia Stn" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">One of the earliest and most diverse Eat Streets. It specialises in Beijing, Shanghai, Yunnan and Ningxia/Gansu Muslim minority food</eat>
 
 
*<eat name="Good Vegetarian" alt="" address="3071 Renmin N Rd, Luohu District" directions="Located in the food court at Shaibu Metro station, exit A2 (blue line 3)." phone="+86-75582337478" url="" hours="Mon-Sun 11:00am-1:30pm, 5:30pm-8:00pm " price="18 rmb, Dec 2018" lat="" long="">All-vegan Buddhist all-you-can-eat buffet restaurant.</eat>
 
  
*<eat name="Nanyuan Rd Eat Street" alt="南园食街" address="Nan Yuan Rd, Nan Yuan Village Futian behind CITIC Plaza,福田区南园路南园村" directions="Ke Xue Guan Stn (Line 1)" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Uighur food; lots of lamb and kebabs</eat>
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*<eat name="Good Vegetarian" alt="" address="3071 Renmin N Rd, Luohu District" directions="Located in the food court at Shaibu Metro station, exit A2 (blue line 3)." phone="+86-75582337478" url="" hours="Mon-Sun 11:00am-1:30pm, 5:30pm-8:00pm " price="18 rmb lunch buffet, Dec 2018" lat="" long="">All-vegan Buddhist restaurant. 12 item all-you-can-eat buffet lunch that's tough to beat if looking for inexpensive food. A la carte and set deals for dinner starting at same price as lunch. Free wifi.</eat>
  
 
*<eat name="Huaqiang Bei Eat Street" alt="华强北食街" address="Huaqiang N Rd Futian 福田区华强北路" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The food's in the streets and alleys parallel to Huaqiang Bei. Hunan and Chaozhou are specialities. There are several shops specialising in Uighur "nan" bread. An alley behind the main street specialises in Moslem food</eat>
 
*<eat name="Huaqiang Bei Eat Street" alt="华强北食街" address="Huaqiang N Rd Futian 福田区华强北路" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">The food's in the streets and alleys parallel to Huaqiang Bei. Hunan and Chaozhou are specialities. There are several shops specialising in Uighur "nan" bread. An alley behind the main street specialises in Moslem food</eat>
  
 
*<eat name="Hubei Village Eat Street" alt="湖贝村食街" address=" Hubei Village Luohu District 罗湖区湖贝村" directions="Bus 2, 10, 29, 104, 205, 220, 223, 311, 312" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Hong Kong style seafood restaurants are the mainstay of this Eat Street set in the heart of an old Cantonese village in the heart of Luohu. Also north-west China Moslem food of which there is plenty</eat>
 
*<eat name="Hubei Village Eat Street" alt="湖贝村食街" address=" Hubei Village Luohu District 罗湖区湖贝村" directions="Bus 2, 10, 29, 104, 205, 220, 223, 311, 312" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Hong Kong style seafood restaurants are the mainstay of this Eat Street set in the heart of an old Cantonese village in the heart of Luohu. Also north-west China Moslem food of which there is plenty</eat>
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*<eat name="Jing Le Ju (Pure and Happy) Vegetarian Restaurant" alt="净乐居素菜馆" address="Ground floor, No. 99, Hua Qiang Bei Lu 华强北路99号群星广场购物中心1层 (一宛云吞旁,群星广场B座西北)" directions="Subway Line 3/7 Huaxin Station Exit B walk 280 m 地铁3/7号线华新站B出口步行280米" phone="" url="" hours="Kitchen open 11.35 - 21.00 every day except Chinese New Year" price="Set deals from 24 rmb" lat="" long="">Buddhist, all-vegan, inexpensive food near the electronics shops at Hua Qiang Bei. A keen to please, friendly gent named Lee does everything running this one man operation. English spoken as well as Mandarin and Cantonese. Free wifi. Walk straight ahead out Huaxin metro exit B then turn right into the passageway that goes through the building on that side of the street. Then on coming out the other end of the passageway, turn left into the next street and Pure and Happy is on the right hand side of the street.</eat>
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*<eat name="Miao Ji Xiang Vegetarian" alt="妙吉祥素食馆" address="Ground floor, 2 Shai Bu Rd, Luohu District 晒布路 2号 (晒布地铁站D1出口前行20米)" directions="From Shaibu metro exit D1 (blue line 3) walk straight ahead. Miao Ji Xiang is approx 50 m at the 2nd building on the right" phone="+86 755 2888 7262" url="" hours="Mon-Sun 11:00am-2:00pm, 5:00pm-8:30pm" price="23 rmb 2019 price" lat="" long="">All-vegan self serve buffet of 50+ items. Bargain priced Buddhist resto setting a standard in terms of value for money. Staff have been known sometimes to offer impromptu discounts to customers arriving less than 15 mins before buffet closure when less items are available. While the resto section seems all-vegan, some mock meats items in the shop section have non-vegan ingredients listed (mock meats don't get used in the restaurant buffet).</eat>
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*<eat name="Nanyuan Rd Eat Street" alt="南园食街" address="Nan Yuan Rd, Nan Yuan Village Futian behind CITIC Plaza,福田区南园路南园村" directions="Ke Xue Guan Stn (Line 1)" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Uighur food; lots of lamb and kebabs</eat>
  
 
* <eat name="Renmin South Eat Street" alt="人民南路" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></eat>
 
* <eat name="Renmin South Eat Street" alt="人民南路" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></eat>
Line 709: Line 882:
  
 
===Mid-range===
 
===Mid-range===
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There is a continuous area of restaurants below the street between Shopping Park (serving the Ping An Finance Centre and southern entrance of Futian station) and Convention & Exhibition Centre metro stations serving a wide variety of tastes.
  
There is a continuous area of restaurants below the street between Shopping Park (serving the Ping An Finance Centre and southern entrance of Futian station) and Convention & Exhibition Centre metro stations serving a wide variety of tastes.
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*<eat name="Just Vegan" alt="" address="4/F Landmark Shopping Centre, Shennan East Rd, Luohu District" directions="Grand Theater metro exit C near Shun Hing Square 'Di Wang Tower'" phone="+86 755 8860 1679" url="" hours="10 am - 9 pm" price="70 rmb" lat="" long="">All-vegan international food. Contemporary food and decor. Easy to find in Landmark Shopping Centre adjoined to Shun Hing Square 'Di Wang Tower'. Free wifi.</eat>
  
*<eat name="The Kitchen Futian" alt="" address="Shopping Park Shop 144, Shopping Park Stn Exit B, Min Tian Rd, Futian 深圳市福田区民田路购物公园北园公交车接驳站路边站台" directions="Exit B of Shopping Park Metro Station, turn left when exited through B, then up 2 sets of escalators, then right, then straight down the narrow corridor, and then left when you reach the end of the corridor and it should be one of the places on your left. If you have got to the main road, you have gone too far. It is just next to Club Viva" phone="+86 755 2531-3860" url="http://www.thekitchenfutian.com/" hours="Open for lunch and closes at 23:30 weekdays and 01:30 weekends" price="¥50-8 for a starter, and ¥70-220 for a main" lat="" long=""> Western food such as "super burger" & steaks. Sells wine.</eat>
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*<eat name="The Kitchen Futian" alt="" address="Shopping Park Shop 144, Shopping Park Stn Exit B, Min Tian Rd, Futian 深圳市福田区民田路购物公园北园公交车接驳站路边站台" directions="Exit B of Shopping Park Metro Station, turn left when exited through B, then up 2 sets of escalators, then right, then straight down the narrow corridor, and then left when you reach the corridor's end and it should be on your left. If you reach the main road, you have gone too far. It is just next to Club Viva" phone="+86 755 2531-3860" url="/" hours="Open for lunch and closes at 23:30 weekdays and 01:30 weekends" price="¥50-8 for a starter, and ¥70-220 for a main" lat="" long=""> Western food such as "super burger" & steaks. Sells wine.</eat>
  
 
* <eat name="Laurel Restaurant" alt="丹桂轩" address="1/F, Portofino Club House,OCT Xiang Shan St, Nanshan District (南山香山街波托菲诺会所)" directions="" phone="+86 755 2600-3218" email="" fax="" url="" hours="08:00-23:00" price=""></eat> Chain restaurant.
 
* <eat name="Laurel Restaurant" alt="丹桂轩" address="1/F, Portofino Club House,OCT Xiang Shan St, Nanshan District (南山香山街波托菲诺会所)" directions="" phone="+86 755 2600-3218" email="" fax="" url="" hours="08:00-23:00" price=""></eat> Chain restaurant.
  
*<eat name="Milano Italian Restaurant" alt="" address="Anhui Building, Shennan Ave, Xiangmihu  深圳市福田区(车公庙)深南大道6007号创展中心,安徽大厦,首层" directions="" phone="" url="http://www.milanoitalianrestaurant.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""> Italian food as the name suggests.</eat>
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*<eat name="Milano Italian Restaurant" alt="" address="Anhui Building, Shennan Ave, Xiangmihu  深圳市福田区(车公庙)深南大道6007号创展中心,安徽大厦,首层" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""> Italian food as the name suggests.</eat>
 
* <eat name="10 Gong Guan" alt="10号公馆" address="10 Qiaochen W Rd, Nanshan District (侨城西路10号鸿波酒店)" directions="" phone=+86 755 2690-8666"" email="" fax="" url="" hours="07:30-23:30" price="">Dim sum restaurant.</eat>
 
* <eat name="10 Gong Guan" alt="10号公馆" address="10 Qiaochen W Rd, Nanshan District (侨城西路10号鸿波酒店)" directions="" phone=+86 755 2690-8666"" email="" fax="" url="" hours="07:30-23:30" price="">Dim sum restaurant.</eat>
  
 
*<eat name="Modern Toilet Restaurant" alt="" address="2F Jiefang Lu 1004 Dongmen Buxing" directions="Laojie Stn" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Taiwanese chain's first branch on the mainland.  Toilet themed restaurant, featuring toilets as seats and squatter toilet plates.  Food is nothing special and costs about &yen;25-35/dish, but come after dinner with a friend and bring the camera for the &yen;10 chocolate ice cream.  The surrounding Laojie commercial district goes from cosmopolitan to near-dystopian in the course of about two hours every evening.</eat>
 
*<eat name="Modern Toilet Restaurant" alt="" address="2F Jiefang Lu 1004 Dongmen Buxing" directions="Laojie Stn" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Taiwanese chain's first branch on the mainland.  Toilet themed restaurant, featuring toilets as seats and squatter toilet plates.  Food is nothing special and costs about &yen;25-35/dish, but come after dinner with a friend and bring the camera for the &yen;10 chocolate ice cream.  The surrounding Laojie commercial district goes from cosmopolitan to near-dystopian in the course of about two hours every evening.</eat>
  
*<eat name="Warehouse" alt="" address="COCOpark atrium, L1-B2, 268 Fuhua 3rd road" phone="+86 400-833-1128" url="http://www.americanflourcompany.com/" price="¥40-300 for a pizza, and ¥40-60 for a fresh pasta" lat="" long="">24 inch pizzas, pasta and beer in a contemporary location.</eat>  
+
*<eat name="Warehouse" alt="" address="COCOpark atrium, L1-B2, 268 Fuhua 3rd road" phone="+86 400-833-1128" url="" price="¥40-300 for a pizza, and ¥40-60 for a fresh pasta" lat="" long="">24 inch pizzas, pasta and beer in a contemporary location.</eat>
 +
 
 +
*<eat name="Yunlaiju (Windlucky)" alt="云来居素食馆" address="4/F, Dongmen Ding Plaza, Yong Le Street, Dongmen, Luohu 深圳罗湖区东门永新街东门町广场4楼" directions="Laojie metro, exit A" phone="+86 755 8238 3253" url="" hours="Mon-Sun 10:00am-09:30pm" price="65 rmb" lat="" long="">Hunnan style all-vegan food. Relaxing setting and vibe. Laojie branch of a small restaurant chain. Free wifi.</eat>
 +
 
 +
*<eat name="Yunlaiju (Windlucky)" alt="云来居素食馆" address="2007 Nanshan Avenue, 6/F, Yilida Building, Nanshan  亿利达大厦 6楼 , 2007 南山大道, 南山区" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="Mo - Su 10 am - 10 pm" price="65 rmb" lat="" long="">Hunnan style all-vegan food. Relaxing setting and vibe. Nanshan branch of a small restaurant chain. Free wifi.</eat>
 +
 
 +
*<eat name="Yunlaiju (Windlucky)" alt="云来居素食馆" address="Level 2, Block B, Shekou Huanchuan Square, Shekou 云来居素食馆 at 南山区蛇口海上世界环船广场B区208" directions="Sea World metro exit A" phone="+86 755 3690 2168" url="" hours="Mon-Sun 10:00am-9:30pm" price="65 rmb" lat="" long="">Hunnan style all-vegan food. Relaxing setting and vibe. Shekou branch of small restaurant chain. Free wifi.</eat>
  
 
* <eat name="Xiao Fei Yang" alt="lit. Little Plump Lamb" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Lamb meat imported from Mongolia.  It is a hot pot based on Mongol cuisine. There are other meats and vegetable ingredients for the hot pot on the menu as well. One type of hot pot is called ''Yuan Yang''. The hot pot is separated into two halves, one half contains normal non-spicy soup stock and the other half contains ''Ma la'' (literal translation "numbing spicy") soup stock.  There are several locations around Shenzhen, which appear to have varying levels of quality, service and English speaking waiters, albeit at the same price. Restaurant (with English menus) 3 mins walk north of Guomao station at the intersection of Shennan East Road and Renmin South Road.  Be prepared to queue at peak hours</eat>
 
* <eat name="Xiao Fei Yang" alt="lit. Little Plump Lamb" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Lamb meat imported from Mongolia.  It is a hot pot based on Mongol cuisine. There are other meats and vegetable ingredients for the hot pot on the menu as well. One type of hot pot is called ''Yuan Yang''. The hot pot is separated into two halves, one half contains normal non-spicy soup stock and the other half contains ''Ma la'' (literal translation "numbing spicy") soup stock.  There are several locations around Shenzhen, which appear to have varying levels of quality, service and English speaking waiters, albeit at the same price. Restaurant (with English menus) 3 mins walk north of Guomao station at the intersection of Shennan East Road and Renmin South Road.  Be prepared to queue at peak hours</eat>
  
 
===Splurge===
 
===Splurge===
* <eat name="Celebrity Club" alt="名人俱乐部; Míng​rén Jù​lè​bù​​" address="28 Nongyuan Rd, Futian District (福田区农园路28号; Fú​tián Qqū​ Nóng​yuán​ Lù​)" directions="" phone="+86 755 8370-1003" email="" fax="" url="http://www.szmrcy.com/" hours="" price="">Specializing in Cantonese food such as dim sum.</eat>
+
* <eat name="Celebrity Club" alt="名人俱乐部; Míng​rén Jù​lè​bù​​" address="28 Nongyuan Rd, Futian District (福田区农园路28号; Fú​tián Qqū​ Nóng​yuán​ Lù​)" directions="" phone="+86 755 8370-1003" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Specializing in Cantonese food such as dim sum.</eat>
  
 
* <eat name="Prince Kitchen" alt="" address="5-6/F, CITIC Plaza, 1093 Shennan Zhong Rd" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Serves fantastic mix of Japanese, Thai, Chinese and Steaks. Dark interior.</eat>
 
* <eat name="Prince Kitchen" alt="" address="5-6/F, CITIC Plaza, 1093 Shennan Zhong Rd" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Serves fantastic mix of Japanese, Thai, Chinese and Steaks. Dark interior.</eat>
Line 736: Line 916:
  
 
===Places to drink===
 
===Places to drink===
Coco Park downtown in Futian is the epicentre of the Shenzhen bar and nightclub scene. Shopping Park metro station exit G is sign posted for Coco Park. Coco Park has a variety of bars packed into the block including:
+
Coco Park downtown in Futian is Shenzhen's bar and nightclub epicentre similar to Lan Kwai Fong being so in Hong Kong. Shopping Park metro station exit G is sign posted for Coco Park. Coco Park has a variety of bars packed into the block including:
  
 
*<drink name="3D Bar" alt"" address="Block B, Bar Street, Citic Plaza, 1093 Shennan Road" directions="Futian" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Guinness is available on tap. There are also many other international beers available (bottled mainly). The outside tables along the walkway are for a quiet drink, the inside tables and the outside tables closest to the front door are, if you're looking for a livelier atmosphere, better</drink>
 
*<drink name="3D Bar" alt"" address="Block B, Bar Street, Citic Plaza, 1093 Shennan Road" directions="Futian" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Guinness is available on tap. There are also many other international beers available (bottled mainly). The outside tables along the walkway are for a quiet drink, the inside tables and the outside tables closest to the front door are, if you're looking for a livelier atmosphere, better</drink>
* <drink name="Base Bar" alt="" address="1019 Shangbu S Rd, Futian District (福田区上步南路1019号; Fú​tián​ Qū​ Shàngbù​ Nán​ Lù​​)" directions="Accessible from Ke Xue Guan Stn, not far from Party City" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.basebar.net/" hours="" price="Door cover can sometimes run up to ¥100, cocktails from ¥30 , bottles of Jim Bean ¥380">A live rock music venue. There are three-sided booths along the walls for larger groups. A variety of acts play into the early morning. Waitstaff wear Communist Star armbands.</drink>
+
* <drink name="Base Bar" alt="" address="1019 Shangbu S Rd, Futian District (福田区上步南路1019号; Fú​tián​ Qū​ Shàngbù​ Nán​ Lù​​)" directions="Accessible from Ke Xue Guan Stn, not far from Party City" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="Door cover can sometimes run up to ¥100, cocktails from ¥30 , bottles of Jim Bean ¥380">A live rock music venue. There are three-sided booths along the walls for larger groups. A variety of acts play into the early morning. Waitstaff wear Communist Star armbands.</drink>
 
*<drink name="Le Nest" alt="" address="深圳市福田区民田路购物公园北园C区144号" directions="" phone="+86 755 8338-8909" url="le-nest.cn" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""> Among the biggest clubs in Shenzhen</drink>
 
*<drink name="Le Nest" alt="" address="深圳市福田区民田路购物公园北园C区144号" directions="" phone="+86 755 8338-8909" url="le-nest.cn" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""> Among the biggest clubs in Shenzhen</drink>
 
* <drink name="McCawley's Irish Bar &amp; Restaurant" alt="" address="" directions="Shekou, Futian" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Irish managed & themed bar.</drink>
 
* <drink name="McCawley's Irish Bar &amp; Restaurant" alt="" address="" directions="Shekou, Futian" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> Irish managed & themed bar.</drink>
Line 768: Line 948:
 
* <drink name="OCT LOFT" alt="" address="" directions="LuoHu" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Redeveloped Arts Area by Qiaocheng Dong Metro Station</drink>
 
* <drink name="OCT LOFT" alt="" address="" directions="LuoHu" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Redeveloped Arts Area by Qiaocheng Dong Metro Station</drink>
  
Shekou - The Peninsula that sticks out in the South Western region of the city:
+
Shekou - The Peninsula in Shenzhen's South-West:
  
 
* <drink name="Beer Paradise" alt="" address="" directions="Shekou" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Beer bar.</drink>
 
* <drink name="Beer Paradise" alt="" address="" directions="Shekou" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Beer bar.</drink>
* <drink name="The Beatles" alt="" address="" directions="SeaWorld, Shekou" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Pool table, DJ & Live band everynight & KTV Room.</drink>
+
* <drink name="The Beatles" alt="" address="" directions="SeaWorld, Shekou" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Pool table, DJ & Live band every night & KTV Room.</drink>
* <drink name="George and Dragon" alt="" address="Shop No.3, Taizi Lu 5, Shekou" directions="Behind the Taizi Hotel opposite from the Seaworld Square" phone="+86 755 2669-8564" url="http://www.george-dragon.com/" hours="10am-midnight" price="" lat="" long="" email="managerATgeorge-dragon.com" fax=""> British themed pub in Shekou serving food and drink.</drink>
+
* <drink name="George and Dragon" alt="" address="Shop No.3, Taizi Lu 5, Shekou" directions="Behind the Taizi Hotel opposite from the Seaworld Square" phone="+86 755 2669-8564" url="" hours="10am-midnight" price="" lat="" long="" email="managerATgeorge-dragon.com" fax=""> British themed pub in Shekou serving food and drink.</drink>
 
*<eat name="Jordans Bar & Restaurant" alt="" address="Shop 55 Rose Garden II, Shekou | 深圳市南山蛇口南海玫瑰花园2门口55号" directions="" phone="+86 755 2668-6040" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">Sheesha and specialty in Middle Eastern cuisine</eat>
 
*<eat name="Jordans Bar & Restaurant" alt="" address="Shop 55 Rose Garden II, Shekou | 深圳市南山蛇口南海玫瑰花园2门口55号" directions="" phone="+86 755 2668-6040" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">Sheesha and specialty in Middle Eastern cuisine</eat>
 
* <drink name="Mary's Bar" alt="" address="" directions="Shekou" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></drink>
 
* <drink name="Mary's Bar" alt="" address="" directions="Shekou" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></drink>
 
*<drink name="Shekou Sports and Social Club" alt="The Snake Pit" address="G16, Taizi Square, Shekou" directions="Sea World Stn, Exit D" phone="" url="http://the-snakepit.com/Home.html" hours="" price="" lat="22°29' 15 N" long="113° 54' 34 E"> Family oriented expat hangout.</drink>
 
*<drink name="Shekou Sports and Social Club" alt="The Snake Pit" address="G16, Taizi Square, Shekou" directions="Sea World Stn, Exit D" phone="" url="http://the-snakepit.com/Home.html" hours="" price="" lat="22°29' 15 N" long="113° 54' 34 E"> Family oriented expat hangout.</drink>
* <drink name="The Terrace" alt="" address="Seaworld Square, Shekou" directions="" phone="+86 755 2682-9105" url="http://www.theterrace.cn/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="+86 755 26828157">Live music and food prepared by Thai chefs. Indoor and outdoor seating. </drink>
+
* <drink name="The Terrace" alt="" address="Seaworld Square, Shekou" directions="" phone="+86 755 2682-9105" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="+86 755 26828157">Live music and food prepared by Thai chefs. Indoor and outdoor seating. </drink>
 
* <drink name="X-Ta-Sea Sports Bar & Restaurant" alt="" address="Shekou, Sea World" directions="Inside the Minghua ship at Sea World in Shekou, next to the Cruise Inn Hotel lobby" phone="+86 755 2686-7649" url="http://www.x-ta-sea.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Features live rock music Tuesday through Saturdays by house band Kaktooz. Amenities include multiple TV screens, Foosball, darts, pool tables, a restaurant menu of mostly Western-style food, and free Wi-Fi.</drink>
 
* <drink name="X-Ta-Sea Sports Bar & Restaurant" alt="" address="Shekou, Sea World" directions="Inside the Minghua ship at Sea World in Shekou, next to the Cruise Inn Hotel lobby" phone="+86 755 2686-7649" url="http://www.x-ta-sea.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Features live rock music Tuesday through Saturdays by house band Kaktooz. Amenities include multiple TV screens, Foosball, darts, pool tables, a restaurant menu of mostly Western-style food, and free Wi-Fi.</drink>
  
 
Windows of the World:
 
Windows of the World:
  
* <drink name="Vbar" alt="" address="" directions="Windows of the World, (on the 3F of the Venice Hotel)" phone="" url="http://www.szvenicehotel.com/en/vbar.html" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""></drink>
+
* <drink name="Vbar" alt="" address="" directions="Windows of the World, (on the 3F of the Venice Hotel)" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax=""></drink>
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
 +
Some listings on airbnb state, "No foreigners". This isn't racism at play by the host; it is the host observing the law. If a non-Chinese national stays as an airbnb guest, both the guest and the host are breaking the law and liable to prosecution.
 +
 
Note: At Spring Festival (late-Jan to Feb), prices usually double or substantially increase. Unlike other cities, however, the explosive development of hotels in Shenzhen means rooms, while more expensive, will generally still be available even at the busiest times, and hotels are much, much cheaper than HK or Macau.   
 
Note: At Spring Festival (late-Jan to Feb), prices usually double or substantially increase. Unlike other cities, however, the explosive development of hotels in Shenzhen means rooms, while more expensive, will generally still be available even at the busiest times, and hotels are much, much cheaper than HK or Macau.   
  
Line 789: Line 971:
  
 
===Wheelchair friendliness===
 
===Wheelchair friendliness===
Handiscoverworld says of Shenzhen, "You can find great hotels and apartments in Shenzhen that offer accommodations to those with a disability. Many of the hotels of one star and up provide wheelchair service to their customers. Call ahead to ensure that the accommodation of your choice can meet your specific requirements. You will enjoy a large selection of holiday rentals in Shenzhen that fit every budget, whether you are travelling alone or with a large group."[https://www.handiscover.com/content/destinations/uk/guide-to-accessible-holiday-cornwall-disabled-holidays/]
+
Handiscoverworld says of Shenzhen, "You can find great hotels and apartments in Shenzhen that offer accommodations to those with a disability. Many hotels of one star and up provide wheelchair service to their customers. Call ahead to ensure that the accommodation of your choice can meet your specific requirements. You will enjoy a large selection of holiday rentals in Shenzhen that fit every budget, whether you are travelling alone or with a large group."[https://blog.handiscover.com/content/destinations/china/accessible-holiday-rentals-shenzhen-disabled-holidays/]
  
 
===Budget===
 
===Budget===
* <sleep name="Guest House" alt="深圳迎宾馆; Yíng Bīn​guǎn​​" address="" directions="At the center of the busy Dongmen Commercial Area" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Listed rates for doubles from &yen;260, discounted from &yen;190">3-star hotel with 584 well-kept guestrooms.  Business and leisure facilities are also available.</sleep>
+
* <sleep name="Guest House" alt="深圳迎宾馆; Yíng Bīn​guǎn​​" address="" directions="At the centre of the busy Dongmen Commercial Area" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Listed rates for doubles from &yen;260, discounted from &yen;190">3-star hotel with 584 well-kept guestrooms.  Business and leisure facilities are also available.</sleep>
  
 
* <sleep name="Home Inn" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">Biggest economy hotel chain in China has several branches in Shenzhen including:</sleep>
 
* <sleep name="Home Inn" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">Biggest economy hotel chain in China has several branches in Shenzhen including:</sleep>
Line 808: Line 990:
  
 
===Mid-range===
 
===Mid-range===
* <sleep name="Empire Hotel" alt="深圳新王朝酒店; Shēn​zhèn​ Xīn Wáng​cháo​ Jiǔ​diàn​​" address="1052 Aiguo Rd, Luohu District (罗湖区爱国路1052号; Luó​hú​ Qū​ àiguó Lù​)" directions="" phone="+86 21 6122-6688, ext. 7800" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://www.empirehotelshenzhen.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="Listed rates for doubles from &yen;880, discounted from &yen;248">A 4-star hotel featuring cozy, fully furnished guest rooms, multifunction conference room, business center, health club, and restaurant.</sleep>
+
* <sleep name="Empire Hotel" alt="深圳新王朝酒店; Shēn​zhèn​ Xīn Wáng​cháo​ Jiǔ​diàn​​" address="1052 Aiguo Rd, Luohu District (罗湖区爱国路1052号; Luó​hú​ Qū​ àiguó Lù​)" directions="" phone="+86 21 6122-6688, ext. 7800" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Listed rates for doubles from &yen;880, discounted from &yen;248">A 4-star hotel featuring cozy, fully furnished guest rooms, multifunction conference room, business center, health club, and restaurant.</sleep>
  
 
*<sleep name="Golden Lustre Hotel" alt="金碧酒店" address="春风路3002号" directions="" phone="+86 755 8225-2888" url="http://www.goldenlustrehotelshenzhen.cn/" checkin="" checkout="14:00" price="¥300" lat="" long="">4 star hotel, their cheapest rooms start at ¥300, they also have a pool.</sleep>
 
*<sleep name="Golden Lustre Hotel" alt="金碧酒店" address="春风路3002号" directions="" phone="+86 755 8225-2888" url="http://www.goldenlustrehotelshenzhen.cn/" checkin="" checkout="14:00" price="¥300" lat="" long="">4 star hotel, their cheapest rooms start at ¥300, they also have a pool.</sleep>
Line 836: Line 1,018:
 
* <sleep name="Oriental Ginza" alt="" address="Futian District" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="You can get a huge room for less than US$60/night">Four star hotel with excellent service, English speaking staff, and services for both business and leisure travelers. Also includes free internet access.</sleep>
 
* <sleep name="Oriental Ginza" alt="" address="Futian District" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="You can get a huge room for less than US$60/night">Four star hotel with excellent service, English speaking staff, and services for both business and leisure travelers. Also includes free internet access.</sleep>
  
* <sleep name="Windsor Hotel" alt="温莎酒店" address="2062 Nanxin Rd, Nanshan District" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="From ¥168">While a little far out of the way the staff is friendly (although English is limited) and the hotel is quiet and clean. It offers sizable doubles with air conditioning, private bathrooms and free internet (they provide the cable).</sleep>
+
* <sleep name="Windsor Hotel" alt="温莎酒店" address="2062 Nanxin Rd, Nanshan District" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="From ¥168">While a little far out of the way staff seem friendly (although English is limited) and the hotel is quiet and clean. It offers sizeable doubles with air conditioning, private bathrooms and free internet (they provide the cable).</sleep>
  
 
===Splurge===
 
===Splurge===
Line 864: Line 1,046:
 
*'''Shenzhen Polytechnic'''(深圳职业技术学院  Shēn-zhèn-Zhí-yè-Jì-shù),is an educational institute in Shenzhen, China, founded in 1993. Shenzhen Polytechnic is located in Xili in Nanshan District. It has four campuses (East, West, North and OCT). According to its site, it has 21,000 full-time and 6,000 part-time students enrolled.
 
*'''Shenzhen Polytechnic'''(深圳职业技术学院  Shēn-zhèn-Zhí-yè-Jì-shù),is an educational institute in Shenzhen, China, founded in 1993. Shenzhen Polytechnic is located in Xili in Nanshan District. It has four campuses (East, West, North and OCT). According to its site, it has 21,000 full-time and 6,000 part-time students enrolled.
  
*'''Shenzhen University'''(深圳大学),is situated on the coastline of Shenzhen Bay in South China. The total area of the campus is 1.44 square kilometers. It has its own lake which is named Wenshan Lake (文山湖), spreads across rolling hills covered with trees, an abundance of green space and sculptures.
+
*'''Shenzhen University'''(深圳大学),is situated on the coastline of Shenzhen Bay in South China. The total campus area is 1.44 square kilometres. It has its own lake which is named Wenshan Lake (文山湖), spreads across rolling hills covered with trees, an abundance of green space and sculptures.
  
 
==Cope==
 
==Cope==
Line 896: Line 1,078:
 
===Media===
 
===Media===
 
Newspaper:
 
Newspaper:
''Shenzhen Daily'' is the local English-language newspaper and is widely available at news kiosks. ''China Daily'' is surprisingly difficult to get. ''South China Morning Post'' from Hong Kong is also avaliable by subscription and in a couple of outlets. Eon Bookshop, Central Book City, sells a reasonable range of English-language magazines. See Book City above.
+
''Shenzhen Daily'' is the local English-language newspaper and is widely available at news kiosks. ''China Daily'' is surprisingly difficult to get but is available online [http://www.szdaily.com/].
 +
 
 +
''South China Morning Post'' from Hong Kong is also avaliable by subscription and in a couple of outlets. Eon Bookshop, Central Book City, sells a reasonable range of English-language magazines. See Book City above.
  
 
Magazine:
 
Magazine:
''That's PRD'' is a local English-language magazine, published at the beginning of each month. 45,000 copies are mailed directly and displayed every month in carefully-selected public areas, including Starbucks, 5-star hotels, high-end restaurants & bars, villas and properties.
+
''That's PRD'' (PRD = Pearl River Delta) is a local English-language magazine, published at the beginning of each month. 45,000 copies are mailed directly and displayed every month in carefully-selected public areas, including 5-star hotels, higher-end restaurants & bars, villas and properties.
 
 
PRD-Pearl River Delta.
 
  
 
Television:
 
Television:
Topway Cable Television offers a wide range of international television including BBC, CNN, NHK, HBO, etc. Hong Kong English TV is also offered.  
+
Topway Cable Television offers a wide range of international television including BBC, CNN, NHK, HBO, etc. Hong Kong English TV is also offered.
  
 
===Places of worship===
 
===Places of worship===
Line 911: Line 1,093:
 
* Heping Church 和平堂 2/F Wenhua Garden, Luohu 罗湖区文华花园管理处二楼 +86 755 2512-8077.
 
* Heping Church 和平堂 2/F Wenhua Garden, Luohu 罗湖区文华花园管理处二楼 +86 755 2512-8077.
  
*C atholic. St Anthony's Catholic Church 天主教深圳圣安多尼堂 Nonglin Rd, Zhuzilin, Futian 福田区竹子林农林路 and the Nantou Catholic Church Nantou Ninth Street, Nantou Cheng, Nanshan 南山区南头城南头九节 +86 755 2661-1334 offer Mass on Sundays.
+
* St Anthony's Catholic Church 天主教深圳圣安多尼堂 Nonglin Rd, Zhuzilin, Futian 福田区竹子林农林路
  
*Chabad of Shenzhen (Jewish), No. 4 Block A Guishan Xiaozhu, Yanshan Road Industrial Area Shekou Nanshan District, Shenzhen 518001 China 86-755-8207-0712 www.ChabadShenzhen.org
+
* Nantou Catholic Church Nantou Ninth Street, Nantou Cheng, Nanshan 南山区南头城南头九节 +86 755 2661-1334 offer Mass on Sundays.
  
 +
* Chabad of Shenzhen (Jewish), No. 4 Block A Guishan Xiaozhu, Yanshan Road Industrial Area Shekou Nanshan District, Shenzhen 518001 China 86-755-8207-0712 www.ChabadShenzhen.org
  
 
==Stay safe==
 
==Stay safe==
 
===Crime===
 
===Crime===
Despite its sensationalized reputation from Hong Kongers as being crime-ridden, Shenzhen is relatively safe by Western standards. Violent crime is far lower in Shenzhen than in your typical Western city. As always, being sensible in securing your belongings goes a long way.
+
Despite sensationalised dramatisations from Hong Kongers, Shenzhen is relatively safe by Western standards. Violent crime is far lower in Shenzhen than in your typical Western city. Those being sensible in Shenzhen are extremely unlikely to have crime related issues. See the tips below.
  
Minor property crimes like pick pocketing is definitely a problem in border areas where visitors from the Hong Kong side pass and frequent. Watch your bag and pockets. Prostitution is widespread and tolerated, particularly around Luohu and Shekou. Men should be wary of that scantily-clad, available-looking woman giving you the eye from across the bar. In the central part of the Luohu District, especially in the neighborhoods around the Shenzhen Railway Station, Shenzhen Bus Terminal, and the Luohu Commercial City Shopping Center, pickpocketing, prostitution, drug trafficking, fraud, and the sale of counterfeit bills are common. In addition, Luohu is a major center for trade in counterfeit goods and abundant in its nightclubs, bars, and karaoke salons, which attracts Shenzhen residents and residents from neighboring Hong Kong, which may include triad and other criminal elements.
+
Visitors from outside mainland China are seen as prospectively lucrative meaning vigilance is especially encouraged in areas such as near immigration checkpoints and near transport hubs. In the central part of Luohu District, especially in areas near the border checkpoint across from Lo Wu (e.g. Luohu Commercial City Shopping Centre, Shenzhen Railway Station, Shenzhen Bus Terminal), pick-pocketing, prostitution, drug trafficking, fraud, and the sale of counterfeit bills are common. Avoiding engagement when approached by someone touting is simple:
  
Being scammed is not so common as in Beijing or Shanghai but be alert for people touting for business (massage, watches, shoes, etc.) near the Luohu area as they sell below-standard fakes at inflated prices. The 'touts' in Luohu bus station are not necessarily touts. There is no ticketing office so they are simply there to direct you to your bus and don't require any payment. You should buy your ticket on the bus.
+
* avoid eye contact
 +
* calmly and very gently shake your head
 +
* walk past them
  
You will likely encounter beggars in the city but they are confined to a few places such as border crossings, underpasses, Shekou and Christian churches. Ordinary Chinese rarely give money so begging is concentrated in places where punters are either ignorant or have just heard a sermon. They are not aggressive and are mostly harmless.  Some beggars are controlled by criminal gangs and your donation will be funding organized crime.  As such, giving food may be more beneficial to them. Particularly avoid giving money to children beggars. Several high profile court cases in recent years have involved gangs who buy children from impoverished peasant families, mutilate them, and use them in a begging racket. The Nanshan District has a large concentration of foreigners, and is known for its abundance of prostitutes and beggars.
+
Being scammed is not so common as in Beijing or Shanghai but be alert for people touting for business (massage, watches, shoes, etc.) around Luohu as they sell below-standard fakes at inflated prices. Luohu is a major centre for trade in counterfeit goods abundant in its bars, karaoke salons and nightclubs. Patrons of these establishments from Shenzhen and neighbouring Hong Kong may include triad and other criminal elements.
  
The level of corruption in the government is usually high, as seen in the arrest of the then-mayor of Shenzhen, Xu Zongheng, for accepting bribes in June 2009, as well as arrests and convictions of Li Yugo, the former head of the largest state-owned construction corporation in the city, and Zhao Yutsun, a customs officer of the city, for the same reasons.
+
Avoid like plague unlicensed taxis including those proliferating places like border crossings and transport hubs. Before entering any taxi cab, ensure it has a taxi license prominently displayed in the plastic holder provided for this purpose on the right hand dashboard of every cab. Unlicensed taxis are illegal and all too often have unscrupulous drivers. Taking an unlicensed taxi makes it likely you will bring trouble upon yourself of potentially infinite magnitude and variety. Anyone who ignores this paragraph and decides to do business with unlicensed taxi drivers, you have been warned. See [[Shenzhen#By taxi|By taxi]] above for more info.
 +
 
 +
Stay alert for scams at bus stations. For example, if you travel between Hong Kong Airport and Shenzhen Airport, you may need to transfer between vehicles when crossing the border between Hong Kong and Shenzhen. Your bus or MPV company may supply you a sticker to attach to your shirt. Once you border cross to Shenzhen, a scammer may spot your sticker, claim to work for the bus or MPV company you are using, and demand you pay an additional fee to complete your journey. If asked for money like this, calmly shake your head and walk away. Use the actual counter of the bus or MPV company you are using if you need directions or other info. The bus / MPV companies are aware of this scam but have no incentive to correct it. Nor do local authorities care. A point though; 'touts' in Luohu bus station may not necessarily be touts. There is no ticketing office so they are simply there to direct you to your bus and won't request payment. Buy your ticket on the bus if you haven't purchased it in advance either online or from an appropriate office.
 +
 
 +
Watch your bag, electronic devices and pockets against theft / pick pocketing.
 +
 
 +
Beggars are usually confined to places such as border crossings, underpasses, Shekou and Christian churches. They are not aggressive and are mostly harmless. Ordinary Chinese rarely give money so begging is concentrated in places where punters are either ignorant or have just heard a sermon. Some beggars are controlled by criminal gangs and your donation will be funding organised crime. As such, giving food may be more beneficial to a beggar. Particularly avoid giving money to child beggars. Several high profile court cases in recent years have involved gangs who buy children from impoverished peasant families, mutilate them, and use them in a begging racket.
 +
 
 +
Prostitution may appear widespread and tolerated, particularly in parts of Luohu and Shekou. It is though illegal and anyone arrested by police can face dire consequences. A high profile 2003 case across the Pearl River in Zhuhai involving a group of Osaka businessmen resulted in 14 prison sentences including life sentences for the 2 main Chinese organisers and a request by Chinese authorities to counterparts in Japan for help to detain 3 people from Osaka (search online for this yourself if you don't believe it, it's all over the media and easy to find). Prostitution is largely run by organised crime gangs with many exploited prostitutes trafficked into forced work.
 +
 
 +
Government corruption has made the press. Shenzhen's former mayor Xu Zongheng was sentence to death (suspended for 2 years) for accepting bribes in June 2009. Li Yugo, the former head of Shenzhen's largest state-owned construction corporation in the city, and Zhao Yutsun, a Shenzhen customs officer, were convicted for similar reasons.
  
 
===Roads===
 
===Roads===
Shenzhen [[Driving in China|driving]] is aggressive. Care should be taken when crossing the street. Most major roads are crossed by over or underpasses.
+
Shenzhen [[Driving in China|driving]] can be sensationalised as aggressive but is little if any worse than Western countries. Like anywhere it is sensible to remain alert; complacency is the enemy of safety. For pedestrians most major roads can be crossed by over or underpasses.
 +
 
 +
Electric bicycles are popular in Shenzhen. They are a public menace such as by riders who use them on pavements. Be alert.
  
 
==Get out==
 
==Get out==
Line 937: Line 1,134:
 
* [[Dongguan]], a little-known city of 11 million people is just twenty minutes north. Check the space age city centre and the Ming Dynasty gates. Visit the Opium War Museum and the great suspension bridge over the Pearl River at Humen
 
* [[Dongguan]], a little-known city of 11 million people is just twenty minutes north. Check the space age city centre and the Ming Dynasty gates. Visit the Opium War Museum and the great suspension bridge over the Pearl River at Humen
 
* [[Huizhou]] is 40 minutes by freeway bus to the northeast. Visit the East Lake designed by 12th-century poet/administrator Su Dongpo.
 
* [[Huizhou]] is 40 minutes by freeway bus to the northeast. Visit the East Lake designed by 12th-century poet/administrator Su Dongpo.
* [[Xichong]] is a beach village about 70 kilometers to the east of Shenzhen. It is one of the nicer and less developed beaches in the area, and there are relatively few tourists.
+
* [[Xichong]] is a beach village about 70 kilometers to the east of Shenzhen. It is one Shenzhen's nicer and less developed beaches with relatively few tourists.
  
 
{{routebox
 
{{routebox

Latest revision as of 01:42, 16 October 2019

Shenzhen (深圳; Shēnzhèn) is a city in Guangdong Province in China. It lies immediately North of Hong Kong separated for the most part by a narrow river. Shenzhen lies directly en route between Hong Kong and China's third-largest city, Guangzhou which is approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) North West of Shenzhen. Shenzhen was a market town of 30,000 people until designated in 1980 as the first of China's five Special Economic Zones. It then became the fastest growing city in history to today become an amazing, thriving, well planned metropolis of 20 million people.

Shenzhen is on the list of UNESCO Creative Cities and ranked second on the list of ‘Top 10 cities to visit in 2019' by Lonely Planet. Shenzhen’s tourism hospitality facilities welcomed over 64 million overnight visitors in 2018 of which 12.2 million were from outside mainland China. Tourists were originally attracted by Shenzhen's theme parks but as the city has developed and prospered they are increasingly drawn by Shenzhen's stunning architecture, numerous beautiful parks and mountains, highly active cultural arts scene, and breadth of restaurants, bars and shopping. Shenzhen's beaches have become famous throughout China. In 2006, the Dapeng Peninsula, the location of Shenzhen's best beaches, was nominated by the China National Geographic Magazine as one of China's most beautiful coastlines. Many are drawn by Shenzhen's status as a world leading futuristic tech city. Visitors also increasingly recognise fascinating historical sites of national significance dating as far back as the 12th century scattered throughout Shenzhen, e.g. impressive forts and temples and sites related to Hakka culture or Hong Kong's annexation after the Opium Wars.

Being such a new city, people in Shenzhen have the advantage of planned street grids, modern construction at all but its historical buildings and world leading eco-friendly public transport among its infrastructure. Also considering the often flat terrain such as in Shenzhen's very sizeable downtown area, Shenzhen is among the most disabled friendly cities in China.

Shenzhen Civic Centre in Futian District viewing South from Lianhuashan Park, September 2018. The 599 metre tall Ping An Building centre right on the skyline is the 4th tallest skyscraper on earth as at July 2019.

Understand[edit]

Shenzhen as written in Chinese

History[edit]

The earliest known recorded mention of the name Shenzhen could date from 1410, during the Ming Dynasty. Local people called the drains in paddy fields “zhen” (圳). Shenzhen (深圳) literally means “deep drains” as the area was once crisscrossed with rivers and streams, with deep drains within the paddy fields. The character 圳 is limited in distribution to an area of South China with its most northerly examples in Zhejiang Province which suggests an association with southwards migration during the Southern Song Dynasty (12th and 13th centuries).

Contrary to a common misconception of Shenzhen being a fishing village prior to becoming a city, Shenzhen was a regional market town that had been the county town of Bao'an since 1953. Shenzhen train station was the last stop on the Mainland Chinese section of the railway from Guangzhou to Kowloon in Hong Kong. In November 1979, Bao'an County (宝安县) was promoted to prefecture level, directly governed by Guangdong province. It was renamed Shenzhen, after Shenzhen town. The county administrative centre county stood approximately around the present location of Dongmen.

Shenzhen was chosen as the first of five Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in May 1980. Initially, the SEZ comprised an area of only 327.5 km2 (126.4 sq mi) of southern Shenzhen, covering the current Luohu, Futian, Nanshan and Yantian districts. The SEZ was created to be an experimental ground for the practice of market capitalism within a community guided by the ideals of "socialism with Chinese characteristics". In 1982 Bao'an County was re-established, though this time as a part of Shenzhen. The county was converted to become Bao'an District, which was out of the Special Economic Zone. Shenzhen was promoted to a Sub-provincial City in March 1983 and was given the right of provincial-level economic administration in November 1988. With a population of 30,000 in 1980, economic development has meant that by 2008 the city has had 12 million inhabitants.

Shenzhen became one of the Pearl River Delta region's largest cities. The Pearl River Delta, which itself is an economic hub of China, as well as the largest manufacturing base in the world. By 2001, as a result of Shenzhen's increasing economic prospects, increasing numbers of migrants from Mainland China chose to go to Shenzhen and stay there instead of trying to illegally cross the border into Hong Kong. There were 9,000 captured border-crossers in 2000, while the same figure was 16,000 in 1991. On 1 July 2010, the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone was expanded to include all districts, a five-fold increase over its pre-expansion size.

Geography[edit]

Shenzhen is one of 9 prefectures and 2 Special Administrative Regions within the 120 million people Pearl River Delta megalopolis. Shenzhen borders Hong Kong to the south, Huizhou to the north and northeast, Dongguan to the north and northwest, Lingdingyang and the Pearl River to the west and Mirs Bay to the east. Shenzhen is roughly 100 kilometres (62 mi) southeast of the provincial capital, Guangzhou.

Shenzhen is flat downtown and in other areas but still has hills and mountains. e.g. Wutong Mountain in Shenzhen is the 2nd highest mountain in the Pearl River Delta. Over 160 rivers or channels flow through the Shenzhen area. The West flowing Shenzhen River forms most of the physical border between mainland China and Hong Kong SAR. Notable other rivers within Shenzhen include Maozhou River and Longgang River.

Shenzhen is surrounded by many islands. Most such islands fall under neighbouring territories such as Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Huiyang District, Huizhou. Several islands are under Shenzhen's jurisdiction, such as Nei Lingding Island, Dachan Island (Tai Shan Island), Xiaochan Island, Mazhou, Laishizhou, Zhouzai and Zhouzaitou.

Orientation[edit]

Shun Hing Square 'Di Wang Tower' and Luohu District viewing South East from the KK100 Building. The hills in the background are in Hong Kong.
KK100 building viewing West with Futian District behind it viewed from 'Di Wang Tower' in 2016. Hong Kong's wetlands are on the left across the Shenzhen River.
View East towards Luoho from Sai Ge Guang Chang (SEG Plaza). Part of Shennan Road is the well illuminated main street. Di Wang Tower and KK100 buildings are both in the distance slightly left of Shennan Road. The bright 'S' shaped line of lighting on the right is the border with Hong Kong.
Sunset over Futian District CBD viewing NorthWest from across Hong Kong's wetlands. The tallest building in this skyline photo is the Ping An Building.

The city is elongated measuring 81.4 kilometers from East to West while the shortest section from north to south is 10.8 kilometers. Shenzhen's often flat terrain includes the downtown Luohu and Futian districts. Being such a new city, Shenzhen benefits from planned street grids. The urban planning quality contributes to excellent local transport infrastructure (See "Get around" section below). This includes its friendliness to wheelchairs (see Wheelchair Access sections below).

Shenzhen is subdivided into 9 districts and 1 "New District" in the 2016 government plan. The 9 districts are:

  • Bao'an District (宝安区 Bǎo'ān Qū)
  • Futian District (福田区 Fútián Qū)
  • Guangming District (光明区 Guāngmíng Qū)
  • Longgang District (龙岗区 Lónggǎng Qū)
  • Longhua District (龙华区 Lónghuá Qū)
  • Luohu District (罗湖区 Luóhú Qū)
  • Nanshan District (南山区 Nánshān Qū)
  • Pingshan District (坪山区 Píngshān Qū)
  • Yantian District (盐田区 Yántián Qū)

Dapeng New District despite being a peninsula at the East of Shenzhen comes under the jurisdiction of Longgang District in central Shenzhen to which Dapeng is separated by Pingshan District. A New District is a management area and an not administrative division registered under the Ministry of Civil Affairs.

Shennan Road (Chinese: 深南路; pinyin: Shēnnán Lù) is Shenzhen's principal street. It runs east-west 25.6 km (15.9 mi) in length through Shenzhen's very sizeable downtown area and beyond. Shennan Road spans Luohu, Futian and Nanshan Districts and is divided into three sections:

  • Shennan East Road (深南东路) from Yanhe Road to Hongling Road
  • Shennan Middle Road (深南中路) from Hongling Road to Huanggang Road
  • Shennan Boulevard (Chinese: 深南大道; pinyin: Shēnnán Dàdào; Jyutping: Sam1 naam4 Daai6 dou6) from Huanggang Road to Nantou Checkpoint

Prior to the designation of Shenzhen as a city in 1979, the road was but a 2.1 km gravel path linking Shenzhen and Shangbu planning area. The road is named after the two former settlements (both later integrated within the city of Shenzhen) it links on each end:

  • Shenzhen Town (深圳镇) in Luohu
  • Nantou (南头镇) in Nanshan

Shennan Road's length and downtown location make it an obvious orientation point for many people. See also "Do" section on "Urban Walking'.

Climate[edit]

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
High (°C) 19.8 20.2 22.7 26.3 29.5 31.1 32.3 32.3 31.3 29.2 25.4 21.5
Low (°C) 12.5 13.8 16.5 20.3 23.6 25.6 26.3 26.1 25.0 22.5 18.2 13.8
Precipitation (cm) 2.64 4.79 6.99 15.43 23.71 34.65 31.97 35.44 25.40 6.33 3.54 2.69

Shenzhen, China - Weather forecast

Although Shenzhen is situated about a degree south of the Tropic of Cancer, due to the Siberian anticyclone it has a warm, monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa).

  • Winters are mild and relatively dry, due in part to South China Sea influence, and frost is very rare; it begins dry but becomes progressively more humid and overcast. However, fog is most frequent in winter and spring, with 106 days per year reporting some fog.
  • Early spring is the cloudiest time of year, and rainfall begins to dramatically increase in April; the rainy season lasts until late September to early October.
  • The monsoon reaches its peak intensity in the summer months, when the city also experiences very humid, and hot, but moderated, conditions; there are only 2.4 days of 35 °C (95 °F)+ temperatures. The region is prone to torrential rain as well, with 9.7 days that have 50 mm (1.97 in) or more of rain, and 2.2 days of at least 100 mm (3.94 in). The annual precipitation averages at around 1,970 mm (78 in), some of which is delivered in typhoons that strike from the east during summer and early autumn. Extreme temperatures have ranged from 0.2 °C (32 °F) on 11 February 1957 to 38.7 °C (102 °F) on 10 July 1980. Incredibly high Summer humidity combined with soaring temperatures make Summer for many a season to avoid.
  • The latter portion of autumn is dry. From a climate perspective, the best time to visit Shenzhen is October to December when the weather is pleasantly cool.

Population[edit]

Shenzhen population is hotly discussed. Depending on where you wish to draw the boundary the population figures for Shenzhen are:

  • City of Shenzhen: 12.1 million as at 2019
  • Shenzhen urban area: 13.1 million as at 2019
  • Shenzhen metropolitan area: 23.3 million as at 2010 (according to the OECD)

However, local authorities estimate that the population of the city of Shenzhen is about 20 million, due to huge numbers of floating migrants un-required to register if staying less than 6 months.

Economy[edit]

Shenzhen's Municipal Bureau of Statistics describes Shenzhen's economy to be upheld by its four-pillar industries:

  1. high-tech
  2. finance
  3. logistics
  4. culture

From being a quiet market town in 1980, the effect of Shenzhen being China's 1st Special Economic Zone has been astounding. Shenzhen ranks:

  • 14th in the 2019 Global Financial Centres Index
  • 8th highest stock exchange market capitalisation globally as at 30 November 2018 with the Shenzhen Stock Exchange's (SZSE) market capitalisation value at US$2.5 trillion
  • 3rd busiest container port on earth in 2017 after Shanghai and Singapore. Nearby Hong Kong and Guangzhou placed fifth and seventh respectively
  • 1st in the 2017 list of Chinese cities by GDP per capita with 183,544 RMB
  • 3rd in the economic output of Chinese cities in 2018 behind only Shanghai and Beijing with nominal GDP of 2.42 trillion RMB (HK$2.87 trillion) up 7.6% year on year surpassing neighbouring Hong Kong's GDP of HK$2.85 trillion and Guangzhou's GDP of 1.98 trillion RMB
  • 1st in the report by Evergrande Research Institute in August 2019 on Chinese cities with the most potential

Some observers point out that, given the preponderance of privately held companies in Shenzhen and the widespread avoidance of tax, it is highly likely that the GDP figure is severely understated. A walk around Shenzhen's leafy Western suburbs will quickly allay any doubts as to the wealth in the city.

Shenzhen is a leading global technology hub, dubbed by media as the next Silicon Valley. Shenzhen is an extremely fertile ground for startups, be it by Chinese or foreign entrepreneurs. UNESCO approved Shenzhen's entrance into the Creative Cities Network in December 2008, awarding the title of "United Nations Design Capital".

K8A, K9FE, C9, C8, K6, T8SA, T3 electric vehicles. The highly successful project to electrify Shenzhen's bus and taxi fleet is more than just environmental sense; it's a showcase for vehicles such as these manufactured by Shenzhen headquartered BYD.

Major companies headquartered in Shenzhen include:

  • BYD (vehicle manufacture)
  • China Merchants Bank
  • China Resources Group (conglomerate)
  • CIMC (transportation equipment)
  • DJI (drone manufacturer)
  • Hasee (computers)
  • Huawei (electronics and telecommunications)
  • Hytera (radio systems)
  • JXD (consumer electronics)
  • Nepstar (pharmacy retail)
  • Ping An (banking & insurance)
  • SF Express (courier)
  • Shenzhen Airlines
  • Tencent (internet giant and holding conglomerate)
  • Vanke (real estate developer)
  • ZTE (telecommunications)

Get in[edit]

Visa[edit]

In most cases, a visa should be obtained from a Chinese embassy or consulate before arriving anywhere in China. There are certain exceptions including visa free transit visits to China. See the China page for more information.

Visa rules

Many nationalities arriving at Shenzhen can obtain a single-entry, five-day tourism visa on arrival (VOA).Shenzhen VOA offices are only at the following entry points and open at the hours listed:

  1. Fuyong: 10:00 - last carrier arrival (0755)23459289
  2. Huanggang: 00:00 - 24:00 (0755)83391060
  3. Luohu: 07:00 - 23:30 (0755)82324022
  4. Shekou: 09:00 - 13:00 & 14:30 - 17:00 (0755)26691202
  5. Shenzhen Airport: 10:00 - last flight arrival (0755)82327700

See the relevant sections below for more info on each of those entry points. This visa is strictly only valid in Shenzhen. The Shenzhen VOA can neither be extended nor converted meaning holders must leave China before visa expiry. Payment is by RMB or credit card (Union Pay, Visa and MasterCard). Some credit cards do not process, try to have RMB or back up credit card. For most nationalities the Shenzhen VOA fee is the same as a regular visa fee (168 RMB). This though various for countries with a reciprocal visa fee (e.g. the fee is 304 RMB for UK passport holders). National eligibility for Shenzhen VOA changes so the following should be taken only as a rough guide to be checked elsewhere:

  1. Most European and developed countries are eligible for the five-day VOA, including US, UK, Canada, French, Australia, Germany, Korea, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland
  2. Indonesian and Filipino passport holders can get it only if they have been granted a Chinese visa previously
  3. Citizens from the following countries are ineligible: Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Cameroon, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Turkey, Uganda, and Yemen

Citizens of countries not mentioned should contact the relevant Chinese embassy or port to ask if they can apply for the Shenzhen visa on arrival.

Visa fees

Besides Shenzhen VOA, you may also apply for a full China visa (single and double entry only) at Luohu checkpoint. This visa can be obtained only between the hours of 09.30-16.30. It is better to apply for a ten year multiple entry visa at any consulate in the US for approximately $140 (ten year visa recently introduced for US citizens). For US passport holders, visa length will depend on the previous visas that have been issued. The first visa will be double entry, the second will be six month multiple entries, and so forth. US citizens who were originally Chinese citizens or are married or children of Chinese citizens are eligible for two year multiple entry visas. If you have an old Chinese visa in another passport, it will be helpful to include the old passport in the visa application.

Getting a tourist visa in Hong Kong takes from 1 to 3 days and costs HK$150-1,100. A list of costs [44] is available. Macau's visa office is less crowded and the hotels are a bit cheaper, but it takes just as long. In general, only single and double entry visas are granted to visitors without HKID cards, although foreigners with previous entries into the mainland and Hong Kong student or work visa holders have been known to be approved for multiple entries.

By air[edit]

Shenzhen Bao'an Airport.

Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport [45] is 32 km (20 mi) northwest of the city centre. In the 1st half of 2019 the airport served just over 25 million passengers making it the 26th busiest airport in the world by passenger numbers. The airport apron has parking spaces for 53 aeroplanes. While most flights are domestic, the airport website lists over 50 international destinations. There is also a helicopter shuttle to/from Macau's Terminal Marítimo for over 4000 RMB per person for the 15 minute 1 way trip.

From the airport arrivals hall, follow signs to the Ground Transportation Centre. Shenzhen airport is accessible to 2 metro lines:

  • A) Metro line 11 runs from Airport metro station Southwest to Futian station in downtown Shenzhen. As an express line this takes only 25 minutes (price ¥7). Futian is on China's high speed rail (HSR) network with HSR trains to Hong Kong and the HSR hubs at Shenzhen North and Guangzhou South (see "By train" section below). Airport North metro station is operational but inaccessible to the airport until Terminal 4 becomes operational (scheduled to be in 2020)
  • B) Metro line 1 is accessible to Shenzhen Airport via shuttle bus M416 to Hourui metro station. Line 1 runs all the way to Luohu station adjacent to Luohu border checkpoint. Hourui is the optimal station on metro line 1 for Shenzhen airport since the closure of 3 older airport terminals in November 2013. Since then Airport East metro station ironically no longer has airport access. Hourui to Luohu takes 65 mins (price ¥8)

There are many bus routes between the airport and the urban area, most of them via expressways and only cost ¥10 yuan. Cross border buses operate to/from many destinations in Hong Kong mostly via Shenzhen Bay checkpoint. Local taxis and often some taxis from Dongguan, pick up passengers from 3 designated waiting areas. Taxis to downtown Futian are approximately ¥100 and to Luohu approximately ¥150 including tolls.

Transportation between Hong Kong International Airport and Shenzhen[edit]

Please note with respect to your flight arrival time that Huanggang is the only 24 hour border crossing in Shenzhen. Other Shenzhen land border checkpoints close in some places at 10 pm with all except Huanggang closed from midnight til at least 6.30 am.

There are bus, train, ferry and MPV options for travelling between Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) and Shenzhen. Each has its own merits dependent on the intended start/end point in Shenzhen. All train and franchised bus choices require making at least one connection somewhere en route.

Travel involving high speed rail (HSR) is the premier transport mode between HKIA and central or especially Northern Shenzhen. HSR travel time is helped in that HSR trains do not stop at the geographic land border.

HKIA franchised bus travel to the geographic land border checkpoint crossings has numerous benefits compared to equivalent travel using trains from HKIA all the way across Hong Kong to geographic land border checkpoint crossings. Compared to the equivalent train journey these journeys by bus are:

  1. around 1/2 price
  2. less circuitous and with less interchanges thus being 30-45 mins quicker and with only 1 rather than 4 connections to carry luggage between
  3. equipped with free open wifi on airport buses (locations with free open wifi in Hong Kong include the airport, airport buses, railway stations but not on trains. Nor is free open wifi on all of Hong Kong's bus fleet so if you need wifi after landing at Hong Kong airport, use it where it is available)
  4. very rarely fully occupied offering higher likelihood of seated travel
  5. better for viewing scenery than trains that travel through extensive tunnels. All the more so from the bus upper deck

Hong Kong airport and airline staff (e.g. cabin crew of Hong Kong based airlines) are educated on HKIA public transport by their experience of being its most frequent and regular users. Such people provide real-time, visible, operational endorsement of these buses 365 days a year with their journeys to and from their workplace.

Bus from HKIA:

Hong Kong Airport bus A43P and its NA43 night service to Sheung Shui & Fanling makes an additional stop at San Tin PTI that airport bus A43 does not. San Tin PTI and Sheung Shui both offer public transport connections to & from Shenzhen.

HKIA bus station is clearly signposted coming from HKIA Arrivals Hall and adjacent to the Airport Express rail station.

  • 1) Franchised bus A43 [46] runs to/from the bus station directly opposite Sheung Shui rail station on Hong Kong's East Rail Line. Sheung Shui then has plentiful connection options to border crossings:
  • A) 1 stop by train to Lo Wu/Luohu (in Luohu district) that closes daily at midnight
  • B) by bus to Man Kam To/Wenjindu (in Luohu district) that closes daily at 10 pm
  • C) by bus to Sha Tau Kok/Shatoujiao (in Yantian district) that closes daily at 10 pm

Sheung Shui also offers a rail connection to Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Checkpoint. However if targeting bus travel from HKIA to Lok Ma Chau, bus A43P below is more direct. Bus A43 between HKIA and Sheung Shui costs 30.90 HKD as at September 2019 and takes 37 mins.

  • 2) Compared to service A43, franchised services A43P and NA43 (check the schedule [47]) stop between HKIA and Sheung Shui at San Tin Passenger Transport Interchange (PTI). HKIA bus A43P takes 32 mins to San Tin PTI and 44 mins to Sheung Shui. San Tin PTI has frequent, regular buses to 2 different nearby border checkpoints:
  • A) Lok Ma Chau/Huanggang (in Futian district) open 24 x 365
  • B) Lok Ma Chau Spur Line/Futian (in Futian District) closing daily at 10.30 pm
A distinctively yellow cross boundary shuttle bus to the 24 hour Lok Ma Chau/Huanggang checkpoint is visible in this picture of San Tin PTI. These shuttle buses run every 15 minutes at off-peak schedule.

3) If travelling to Western Shenzhen, Shenzhen Bay border crossing is the most direct land border crossing from HKIA. As an approximate guide (check online in advance for quirks in the schedule around your likely time of use), the 2 most efficient franchised bus permutations to get to Shenzhen Bay checkpoint from Hong Kong Airport are:

  • A) Bus A33X from Hong Kong Airport connects at Goodview Garden light rail stop in Tuen Mun with bus B3 that runs to Shenzhen Bay border crossing. The 1st A33X each day with a connecting service for Shenzhen Bay border crossing departs Hong Kong Airport 05.45 am as a once per hour service (becoming a twice per hour connecting service from 07.45 am onwards). The last A33X each day from Hong Kong Airport with a connecting service for Shenzhen Bay border crossing departs HK Airport at 10.15 pm.
  • B) Bus A37 from Hong Kong Airport connects at Fortune Kingswood shopping mall in Tin Shui Wai with bus B2P that runs to Shenzhen Bay border crossing. Bus A37 with a connecting service for Shenzhen Bay border crossing departs Hong Kong Airport every 30 mins each day from 09.00 am to 09.30 pm.

TILChinalink [48] advertise regular unfranchised buses from HKIA to/from Shenzhen Bay checkpoint and 4 locations in Western Shenzhen. The hefty 150 HKD price tag for such a short bus journey between HKIA to Shenzhen Bay checkpoint is disproportionate to prices they advertise between Shenzhen and other locations in Hong Kong. It thus seems likely that their service from HKIA is an MPV (see below).

Other journeys are possible between Hong Kong Airport and Shenzhen Bay checkpoint. Although they either take longer and / or require more connections than the journeys suggested above, these other journeys can be useful before 08.45 am and after 9.45 pm. If needed, check online in advance and with free open airport wifi on arrival.

A Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL) train at Shenzhen North station.

Train from HKIA:

If taking the train from HKIA all the way to the border, take the Airport Express train from Hong Kong International Airport and then either:

  • 1) Disembark at Kowloon Station and walk from there to the adjacent West Kowloon High Speed Rail station. High Speed Rail (HSR) runs Northbound from West Kowloon cross-border to Futian, Shenzhen North, Guangmingcheng and Shenzhen Pingshan stations all in Shenzhen before progressing onward. HSR from West Kowloon is the premier transport mode to central or especially Northern Shenzhen. See "High Speed Rail (HSR) from Hong Kong" section below for more info.
  • 2) A) Change at Tsing Yi on to the to Lai King; B) then change to the Tsuen Wan MTR line to Prince Edward; C) then change to the Kwun Tong MTR line to Kowloon Tong; D) then change to the East Rail MTR line to Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau. This costs 70 HKD and takes 85/90 minutes to Lo Wu/Lok Ma Chau (see "Hong Kong Land Border Crossings" section below). If a particular journey from HKIA to mainland China means Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau Spur Line is the optimal border crossing, travel from HKIA across Hong Kong's MTR network to the border is more expensive (approx double the cost), time consuming (30-45 mins longer), convoluted and troublesome compared to A43/A43P/NA43 bus options described above to those border crossings. There are though people who make the lengthier/costlier airport journey by MTR through lack of knowledge of bus options or (somewhat ironically considering the gigantic emissions footprint that goes with air travel), through environmental preference of electric train over petroleum fuelled bus. The choice is yours.

Ferry from HKIA:

Shekou ferry terminal.

Ferries from Hong Kong Airport "Skypier" operate direct to/from 6 destinations in mainland China including 2 in Western Shenzhen:

  • A) Fuyong Port at Shenzhen Airport
  • B) Shekou Port

This option avoids going through Hong Kong passport control and customs. Ask at the ferry ticket booth at the airport for them to transfer your luggage. Then take the free airport driverless train to the Skypier and then straight to mainland China. Shenzhen metro access is available at both Shenzhen Airport and Shekou Port. People exiting China this way receive HKD 120 departure tax at HKIA.

MPVs:

A number of private companies operate MPVs between HKIA and destinations in Shenzhen and Shenzhen Airport. These MPVs disingenuously/misleadingly/comically/insultingly (take your pick of any of those) advertised as 'luxury limousine' would be more accurately described to the uninitiated as 7 seat minivans. While they are comfortable enough, they are neither limousines nor luxurious. MPVs are the most expensive (and polluting) shared public transportation from HKIA to the land border. The are basically glorified minibuses with the only genuinely competitive benefit they offer for travel between HKIA and Shenzhen being that they operate direct to/from locations they serve without interchange en route.

  • MPVs between HKIA and Shenzhen's Huanggang Checkpoint in Futian District cost HK$150 per person (this price may be out of date). This fee includes ferrying you onwards to some destinations within Shenzhen (e.g. hotels) after you have cleared the China immigration at the border. It is worth clarifying on arrival at HKIA information desk. On the trip from Huanggang Checkpoint to HKIA, directions to the MPV vans to HKIA are clearly signposted at Huanggang Checkpoint after passport control and customs.
  • Other services involve border crossing at Shenzhen Bay Checkpoint. Passengers are often not required to leave the vehicle at the border post, with the driver handling all the passports and details. Costs can be from HK$200 upwards per person. All in all it takes about 2 hours.

The service from Shenzhen to HKIA can be booked at your hotel. The price is usually CNY200.

By land[edit]

High Speed Rail (HSR) from Hong Kong[edit]

The Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL) train on the left in this picture at Shenzhen North is identifiable by the MTR Corporation logo. The rest of China's HSR network trains are operated by state owned CRH.

HSR trains in China whoosh along at speeds up to 350 km/h on their fastest sections making it second only to the Shanghai Airport Maglev as the quickest passenger train services on earth. HSR runs Northbound from West Kowloon station in Hong Kong to 4 stations in Shenzhen. Trains depart from West Kowloon from 7 am with the last departure from there gone before 11 pm. As at September 2019, approx journey times and one way adult ticket costs from West Kowloon station are:

  • Futian: 14 mins, HKD76, 36 direct trains per weekday plus additional trains at weekends
  • Shenzhen North: 18 mins, HKD84, 66 direct trains per day
  • Guangmingcheng: 31 mins, HKD106, 3 direct trains per day (8 additional trains Northbound from Shenzhen North stop here. Trains depart Shenzhen North between 8 am and 7 pm)
  • Shenzhen Pingshan: 60 mins, HKD97, 3 direct trains per day (18 additional trains Eastbound from Shenzhen North stop here. Trains depart Shenzhen North between 8 am and 6 pm)

HSR is the premier transport mode to/from central or especially Northern Shenzhen. HSR from West Kowloon is an even better choice if using HSR to travel further into mainland China via the HSR hub at Shenzhen North. West Kowloon station has free open wifi like all rail stations in Hong Kong. HSR trains do not stop at the geographic land border (passport and customs requirements are actioned at West Kowloon station). See the MTR high speed rail website[49] for the latest schedule and pricing info.

Hong Kong land border checkpoint crossings[edit]

As at August 2019, The Hong Kong Immigration Dept website[50] lists 6 land border checkpoint crossings operational between Hong Kong and Shenzhen. A 7th has been reported scheduled to open by the end of 2019. 4 of these are among the world's 7 busiest land border crossings in 2017. All open 7 days per week but with varying opening hours. See list below for details on each of those pairs of control points.

Until metro line 8 opens in mid 2020, Shatoujiao checkpoint is Shenzhen's only operational land border checkpoint without Shenzhen metro access. As per the "By metro" section below, the ease of use the bargain priced Shenzhen metro is invaluable to those who do not speak Chinese. The Shenzhen metro accessible border crossings include the 2 accessible via urban rail in Hong Kong. Hong Kong East Rail Line trains connecting Hung Hom with Lo Wu or Lok Ma Chau Spur Line checkpoints depart every few minutes during service hours (see paragraphs below for specifics on each). Some short trips operate from Hung Hom, so check the destination screen before boarding. For more details, see the MTR web site [51].

MTR East Rail Line trains are usually crowded and around rush hours (8-9 am and 5-7 pm) are overcrowded. The line is also heavily used by traders moving goods between Shenzhen and Hong Kong for re-sale. Spare seats are especially difficult to find on the section between Kowloon Tong and Sheung Shui. The front carriage is usually last to fill in both directions and the best bet for obtaining a seat without paying for a 1st class ticket. Hong Kong's MTR East Rail Line connects with the other MTR lines in Hong Kong. For travellers from Hong Kong Island, it is suggested to consider transferring from a Cross Harbour Tunnel bus to Hung Hom Station. Hung Hom Station exit A is the 1st bus stop North of the Cross Harbour Tunnel. Cross Harbour Tunnel buses on Hong Kong Island begin with number 1 (101, 102, 103, 104 etc). Boarding the East Rail Line at Hung Hom station has a massively higher likelihood of obtaining a seat compared to those who transfer from the green MTR Kwun Tong Line at Kowloon Tong station.

The pairs of land border checkpoints are (listed by order of location, East to West):

  • 1) Sha Tau Kok/Shatoujiao (in Yantian district). Open 07.00 - 22.00 as a road vehicular border gateway between Hong Kong and places in Eastern Guangdong Province (e.g. Huizhou and Chaoshan). The crossing bridges the opposite sides of the East flowing Sha Tau Kok river (although at this stage of its flow it is more like a stream). This is the only land crossing between Hong Kong and Shenzhen that does not cross the (West flowing) Shenzhen River / Shenzhen Bay. Sha Tau Kok Express buses depart from the bus stations opposite Fanling and Sheung Shui rail stations running to Shatoujiao Checkpoint in Shenzhen via Sha Tao Kok Checkpoint in Hong Kong. Fanling is the nearer of the 2 to Sha Tau Kok. Shatoujiao checkpoint will be given metro access when metro line 8 opens in June 2020.
  • 2) Heung Yuen Wai/Liantang (in Luohu District). It has been reported as scheduled to open by the end of 2019 to road vehicles and pedestrians. A plan feature is a joint arrivals hall built across the Shenzhen River. Shenzhen metro line 2 is being extended to access Liantang checkpoint.
  • 3) Man Kam To/Wenjindu (in Luohu district). Open 07.00 - 22.00 to road vehicles across the West flowing Shenzhen River that forms the border. Man Kam To Express buses depart from the bus station opposite Sheung Shui rail station running to Wenjindu Checkpoint in Shenzhen via Man Kam To Checkpoint in Hong Kong. Wenjindu Checkpoint is accessible from Wenjin station on purple line 9 on the Shenzhen metro.
Luohu checkpoint in Shenzhen is 1/2 of the world's 3rd busiest land border crossing. Most arrivers from Hong Kong descend from the checkpoint straight into Luohu metro station entrance A. Shenzhen Railway Station is also nearby.
  • 4) Lo Wu/Luohu (in Luohu district). Open 6:30 am - midnight. This is the world's 3rd busiest land border crossing with 81 million people crossings in 2017. It is one of the 2 MTR accessed border crossings. Lo Wu is the last stop on this one of the two sections of the MTR East Rail Line. Traveller then cross the border by footbridge. East Rail runs from downtown Kowloon in Hong Kong at Hung Hom Station. The last train to Lo Wu departs Hung Hom a few minutes after 11 pm. The journey from Hung Hom to Lo Wu takes 45 minutes. Subsequent trains from Hung Hom terminate at Sheung Shui. Lo Wu is in Hong Kong's Border Restricted Area with MTR East Rail the only means of public access. A one way ticket costs HKD40 (you can save about HKD4 if you get off and exit the gates at Sheung Shui and get back on again from Sheung Shui to Lo Wu.) First class is charged double. Lo Wu Station is only open for subsequent travel to Shenzhen or beyond, and a valid travel document is required to travel there. It is often very crowded especially at rush hour, weekends and holidays. Luohu in Shenzhen is accessible to the public by urban rail (metro green line 1) and road.
  • 5) Lok Ma Chau/Huanggang (in Futian district). Open 24 x 365 (the only 24 hour border crossing between Hong Kong and Shenzhen). This is the world's 7th busiest land border crossing with over 37 million people crossings in 2017. This crossing is accessible only to road vehicles. Huanggang Checkpoint metro station is on Shenzhen metro blue line 7. Huanggang Checkpoint metro station exit D is approximately a 5 min walk by footbridge over a Shenzhen urban bus station from where the actual border checkpoint is located.
The Cross Boundary Shuttle Bus Terminus is at the core of San Tin Public Transport Interchange.
As well as the cross boundary shuttle buses, numerous buses and minibuses run from San Tin PTI mostly but not exclusively to destinations in Hong Kong's New Territories.
Red minibus #17 en route to Yuen Long from Sheung Shui stopped on the main road outside San Tin PTI.
On leaving San Tin PTI the cross border shuttle buses head for Huanggang in Shenzhen via Lok Ma Chau checkpoint.

Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint in the closed border area is served by the nearby open access Lok Ma Chau San Tin Public Transport Interchange (PTI). San Tin PTI is home to San Tin Cross Border Shuttle Bus Terminus. Yellow coloured shuttle buses run from San Tin PTI via Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint and then across the Shenzhen River to Huanggang Checkpoint. These shuttle buses run 24 x 365, every 5 - 15 mins depending on time of day. The shuttle bus ticket cost is 10 hkd. Passengers using the shuttle buses should:

  • A) Enter the Terminal and buy the shuttle bus ticket. Cash or Octopus card are accepted for payment. San Tin PTI has no Octopus card top up facility
  • B) Board the shuttle bus outside the terminal exit
  • C) Retain your ticket for use later in the journey
  • D) Disembark from the shuttle bus on arrival at Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint
  • E) Proceed through Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint passport control and customs
  • F) On exiting customs, proceed to the end of the row of bus stops to where the yellow shuttle buses can be re-found
  • G) Deposit your ticket into the transparent ticket box that is in the custodianship of a ticket inspector at the shuttle bus stop
  • H) Re-board the shuttle bus to complete the journey over to Huanggang Checkpoint

In addition to the yellow shuttle bus connecting San Tin PTI with Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint and Huanggang Checkpoint, other bus services use San Tin PTI:

Buses:

  • 76K between Ching Ho Estate / Sheung Shui and Long Ping
  • 276B between Choi Yuen / Sheung Shui and Tin Shui Wai
  • A43P and night service NA43 Airport Express buses between HKIA and Sheung Shui and Fanling. Note that Airport Express buses A43P and NA43 stop at San Tin PTI; Service A43 (i.e. without the 'N' or 'P'), does not stop at San Tin PTI
  • B1 between Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point and Tin Shui Wai / Yuen Long
  • N73 night bus between San Tin PTI and Sha Tin Central
  • Shuttle bus between San Tin PTI and The Boxes shopping mall 250 metres away on the other side of San Sham Road

New Territories green minibuses:

  • 44B between Tuen Mun and San Tin PTI (extending from San Tin PTI to Lok Ma Chau Control Point during the night service)
  • 75 between Yuen Long and Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point
  • 78 between Pat Heung Road near Tai Lam Bus Interchange and San Tin PTI
  • 79S is a night service between Tin Shui Wai, Yuen Long and Lok Ma Chau Control Point
  • 616S is a night service between Mong Kok and Lok Ma Chau Control Point

Red minibuses (operating from the road in front of the interchange):

  • 17 between Sheung Shui and Yuen Long
  • Un-numbered red minibus from Kwun Tong via Sha Tin and Sheung Shui displaying a destination of Lok Ma Chau and terminating at San Tin PTI. Due to infrequency of this service, people considering this service are keenly recommended to check the schedule in advance[52]
The bus from Wan Chai operated by All China Express having dropped off passengers at Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint.

The dedicated Hong Transport Department web page has details of public transport utilising Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint [53]. That includes short-haul cross border buses operated by All China Express to Huanggang checkpoint completely bypassing San Tin PTI. These short-haul cross border buses disembark and re-embark passengers en route at Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint similar to that described above for shuttle bus passengers at Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint. Ticket prices vary by journey length with the most expensive being 52 HKD from Wan Chai as at August 2019 with a 5 HKD surcharge for night services. Prices are reasonable if looking for a direct service between the locations served and Huanggang checkpoint. Check the weblink provided for each route for details of stops en route:

  • A) Kam Tin (Kam Sheung Road Station Public Transport Interchange, daily from 6.30 a.m. to 8.00 p.m.)[54]
  • B) Kwun Tong (Lam Tin Station Public Transport Interchange, 24 x 365)[55]
  • C) Mong Kok (Arran Street outside Golden Plaza, 24 x 365)[56]
  • D) Tsuen Wan (Tsuen Wan Discovery Park Public Transport Interchange for departure during the period from 5.30 a.m. to 10.30 p.m., Tsuen Wan Station Nam Fung Centre Bus Terminus for departure during the period from 10:30 p.m. to 5.30 a.m. the next day)[57]
  • E) Tsim Sha Tsu/Yau Ma Tei (Austin Road Cross Border Coach Terminus, 24 x 365)[58]
  • F) Wan Chai (Wan Chai North Temporary Public Transport Interchange, 24 x 365) [59]
Sign at Huanggang border crossing in Shenzhen pointing to buses to Hong Kong

For the opposite direction in these journeys, after passport control and customs at Huangang, passengers buy a ticket from the ticket office for one of the routes listed at the ticket booths. Buses then take passengers over the river to Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint where passengers disembark for Hong Kong passport control and customs. Passengers then re-board buses near the customs exit point.

Shenzhen Huanggang border checkpoint ticket office for buses to Hong Kong

Note that in Hong Kong, Lok Ma Chau Checkpoint and Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Checkpoint are completely separate border crossings 2 km apart by road. While San Tin PTI has services to both checkpoints, no bus runs directly between the two checkpoints. In Shenzhen even though the respective Huanggang (皇岗口岸) and Futian checkpoints (福田口岸) are only a few hundred metres apart, there are large buildings between the Huanggang and Futian checkpoints making it impractical to walk between the two.

  • 6) Lok Ma Chau Spur Line/Futian (in Futian District). 6:30 am to 10:30 pm. This is the world's 5th busiest land border crossing with with over 59 million people crossings in 2017. For travellers to Futian District and other destinations in Central and Western Shenzhen, the most convenient Hong Kong MTR route is to Lok Ma Chau station. Lok Ma Chau is the last stop on this one of the two sections of the MTR East Rail Line. Travellers then cross the border by footbridge. Lok Ma Chau connects directly across the border to Shenzhen Metro red line 4 Futian Checkpoint station. The MTR East Rail train follows the same route from Hung Hom as the Lo Wu service but turns off after the penultimate station at Sheung Shui. The last train to Lok Ma Chau departs Hung Hom a few minutes after 9:30 pm. Futian Checkpoint station is on the red metro line 4 and is also accessible by bus / road. Futian Checkpoint metro station should not be confused with Futian station elsewhere in Shenzhen (See "By Train" section below for info on the separate Futian station accessed from Hong Kong by high speed rail). Futian's paired control point at Lok Ma Chau Spur Line is accessible via Lok Ma Chau railway station.

The checkpoint has 2 road public transport services both to/from the West (MTR trains to the checkpoint run to/from the East). Those road services are:

  • Bus B1
  • Green minibus 75

Both run to/from Yuen Long town centre from where other destinations in Western New Territories can be reached by road and rail. Among public transport destinations from Yuen Long is also bus 968 to Hong Kong Island via the Western Harbour Tunnel.

Bus B1 and green minibus 75 operate via San Tin PTI. San Tin PTI offers many more connections than Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Checkpoint. However other than the 2 afore mentioned road public transport services to/from Yuen Long and beyond, most destinations from Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Checkpoint are quickest reached using the MTR from the checkpoint. The likeliest exception to that is using the Hong Kong airport bus A43P to/from San Tin PTI. Details of public transport to / from Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point are on the dedicated Hong Transport Department web page [60].

The Shenzhen Bay Bridge forms part of the Shenzhen Bay Port.
  • 7) Shenzhen Bay (in Nanshan district) is the world's 6th busiest land border crossing with over 45 million people crossings in 2017. It is located at the end of a long bridge across Shenzhen Bay connecting Ngau Hom Shek in Hong Kong with Dongjiaotou in Shenzhen. Hong Kong passport control and customs are located in a terminal shared with mainland China border authorities on the Shenzhen side of the bridge. A distinctive landmark visible from the checkpoint is the nearby bullet shaped China Resources Building supertall skyscraper (see Architecture section of this web page). Hong Kong Transport Department's website [61] lists bus and minibus services from Hong Kong to Shenzhen Bay checkpoint as:
  • Buses B2/B2P from Yuen Long Station Public Transport Interchange / Tin Tsz Estate Bus Terminus
  • Buses B3/B3A/B3X from Tuen Mun Pier Head / Ming Kum LRT Station / Tuen Mun Town Centre
  • Green minibus 618 from Tin Shui Wai (Tin Yan Estate)

TILChinalink [62] run unfranchised, cross border buses between Hong Kong and Shenzhen Bay checkpoint and 4 further destinations in Western Shenzhen. As an example price, Wan Chai to Shenzhen Bay checkpoint is 55 HKD. These buses are useful for the direct services offered to/from approx 30 locations in Hong Kong. Anyone interested should check the website directly.

By train[edit]

Shenzhen is served by several mainline intercity railway stations of which 5 serve HSR. While Shenzhen North is the HSR hub in Shenzhen, Shenzhen North does not serve the HSR trains that operate to/from Shenzhen Station.

HSR train at Futian station.
  • Futian Station (Futian Zhan), (Shenzhen Metro lines 2, 3, 11.). Futian station (Chinese: 福田站; pinyin: Fútián Zhàn; Jyutping: Fuk1 Tin4 Zaam6) is a downtown interchange between Shenzhen Metro lines 2, 3 and 11 and the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong HSR link (simplified Chinese: 广深港高速铁路; traditional Chinese: 廣深港高速鐵路). The station opened on 28 June 2011 serving the Shenzhen Metro. Since 30 December 2015 it has been the first underground HSR station on a long-distance line in China. It opened as the 2nd largest underground mainline rail station on earth with floor area the size of 21 football pitches (2nd only to New York’s Grand Central Terminal). Futian station should not be confused with Futian Checkpoint metro station elsewhere in Shenzhen. Futian is a Southern district of Shenzhen with Futian station in the central business district. Futian is the first HSR station in mainland China after the HSR leaves Hong Kong. The first level underground is a concourse with passport control, customs and passenger lounges. The second and third underground levels serve Shenzhen Metro trains. At the fourth level underground is the HSR.  edit
Guangmingcheng station platforms
  • Guangmingcheng Station (Chinese: 光明城站). In Guangming district in Northern Shenzhen, this station is on the Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong HSR link. Many trains between Shenzhen North and Guangzhou South do not stop when passing through Guangmingchen.  edit
Guangzhou - Shenzhen HSR shuttle train at Shenzhen station
  • Shenzhen Station (Shenzhen Zhan 深圳站), Luohu (Luohu Metro Station (green line 1)). Shenzhen station (Chinese: 深圳站; pinyin: Shēnzhèn Zhàn, formerly Shum Chun station) or Shenzhen Luohu station (Chinese: 深圳罗湖站; pinyin: Shēnzhèn Luóhú Zhàn), was first opened as Shum Chun in 1911. Originally at Dongmen in Luohu at what was then the market town of Shenzhen/Shum Chun, Shenzhen station was relocated in 1950. This station was in turn demolished in 1983 and successively rebuilt and re-modelled multiple times to its current scale. (22.531407,114.117969) edit

Shenzhen station has a North-South alignment located immediately North of the East-West running Hong Kong border. Shenzhen station is the Guangshen Railway (previously known as Chinese section of the Kowloon–Canton Railway or KCR) Southern terminus. The Guangshen Railway meets what was known as the British section of the KCR at nearby Lo Wu station in Hong Kong (the British section of the KCR is now known as the Hong Kong East Rail Line). KCR trains between Hung Hom downtown in Hong Kong's Kowloon and Guangzhou East run through Lo Wu and Shenzhen station but do not stop at either nor any other stations in Shenzhen. The only scheduled stop en route for passengers on the KCR is at Dongguan Changping station.

Six platform Shenzhen station serves mostly Guangdong provincial trains and a handful of long-distance sleeper trains from other major cities. A HSR shuttle service runs every 10-15 minutes from/to Guangzhou East Station (with alternate services from/to Guangzhou station. Both Guangzhou East and Guangzhou station have many more long-distance connections). HSR from Shenzhen to Guangzhou East and Guangzhou station does not journey through the Shenzhen North HSR hub (See Shenzhen North below). Guangzhou East is approx 1 hour away and costs 80 RMB one way. Shenzhen station is accessible to Luohu metro station and adjacent to Luohu border checkpoint.

Shenzhen East Railway Station
  • Shenzhen East Station (simplified Chinese: 深圳东站; traditional Chinese: 深圳東站; pinyin: Shēnzhèndōng Zhàn Zhan 深圳站), Buji (Metro lines 3 and 5). Formerly known as each of Pu Kut station and Buji station (布吉站), Shenzhen East is in the town of Buji in Longgang District in North East Shenzhen. Shenzhen East station interchanges the Guangshen Railway with Buji metro station accessing Shenzhen Metro lines 3 and 5. Shenzhen East exclusively serves non-HSR trains. Trains at Shenzhen East are middle and long-distance from e.g. Sichuan, Human, Hubei, Jiangxi and Anhui provinces. Long-distance trains from Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu, Guilin and Fuzhou relocated to Shenzhen East from Shenzhen station.  edit

Shenzhen East station opened in 1911 as a freight and Level 3 passenger station (三等站) on the Kowloon–Canton Railway. Initial renovation works commenced in 2004. The station building was demolished in April 2008, and work began on the construction of a new building completed by the end of October 2012. In September 2012, it was announced that the refurbished station would be named "Shenzhen East Station". The Shenzhen East name was originally assigned to a proposed station on the Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway, currently named Shenzhen Pingshan Station (see Shenzhen Pingshan below).

Shenzhen North
  • Shenzhen North Station (Shenzhen Bei Zhan 深圳北站), MinZhi (Shenzhen Metro red line 4, purple line 5). Shenzhen North's 20 platforms make it Shenzhen's largest railways station. It is the hub of 3 sets of HSR tracks: (22.61096,114.029453) edit
  • A) From the Northwest at Guangzhou South (the enormous Guangzhou South's 28 platforms make it China's equal 5th largest rail hub as at December 2017)
  • B) From the Northeast at Chaoshan
  • C) From the South at West Kowloon in Hong Kong

Note Shenzhen North does not serve the Guangzhou and Guangzhou East HSR shuttle trains to Shenzhen station (See Shenzhen Station above). The HSR network configuration makes journeying between Shenzhen station and Shenzhen North impractical by HSR. Alternatives such as changing metro lines at Conference and Exhibition Centre station are recommended should anyone wish to travel between Shenzhen North and Shenzhen station.

Shenzhen North's is in the Northern Bao'an. Shenzhen North's excellent Shenzhen Metro access via red line 4 and purple line 5 with be increased when line 6 opens in June 2020. Shenzhen North station is not to be confused with an older freight station of the same name in Luohu district as still marked on some maps.

Shenzhen Pingshan station
  • Shenzhen Pingshan Station (Chinese: 深圳坪山站; pinyin: Shēnzhèn Píngshān Zhàn; Jyutping: sam1 zan3 ping4 saan1 zaam6). Shenzhen Pingshan as the name indicates is in Shenzhen's Pingshan district in North East Shenzhen. HSR trains from/to the East of Shenzhen North run via Pingshan from/to Chaoshan and beyond. Shenzhen Pingshan opened to the public on 28 December 2013.  edit

Shenzhen Pingshan was originally designated as Shenzhen East railway station in initial government announcements (See Shenzhen East above). However this former name has now been used to rename the former Buji railway station as of December 2012. In February 2013, the name of Shenzhen Xincheng Station was adopted by the local railway bureau, however this was dismissed by national railway authorities in October 2013. This was due to existence of another Xincheng Station on the Chinese rail network. In order to avoid any repetition of names and to reflect localities better, it was deemed that the new station would be named Shenzhen Pingshan railway station, after the district of Shenzhen that it is located in.

Train departing Shenzhen West Railway Station
  • Shenzhen West Station (Shenzhen Xi Zhan), Shekou (Orange line 2, Chiwan Metro Station). Located in Nanshan district offering non-HSR services from/to other parts of Guangdong and some other Chinese provinces.  edit

By bus[edit]

Qiaoshe Bus Terminal in 2012.

Shenzhen has several long-distance bus stations. Luohu Bus Station is adjacent to Luoho border checkpoint and Shenzhen Railways Station. Luoho has regular buses to Dongguan, Guangzhou (Tianhe, Liuhua and Guangyuan stations), Zhuhai, Foshan, Zhongshan, Shantou and many other cities in Guangdong. Luohu bus station has no ticket office - instead bus station employees will ask where you are going and direct you to the bus to buy your ticket from the conductor on board. NOTE if you are going to Guangzhou it's important to check which bus station you will arrive at (qu na ge zhan? - lit. Go to which station?). If you arrive at Guangzhou's Tianhe or Liuhua bus stations, both have metro connections. Many buses travel from/to Guangyuan bus station in Guangzhou's Baiyun district requiring a lengthy bus connection from/to Guangzhou city centre.

By sea[edit]

Shekou Harbour Ferry Terminal[edit]

Shekou ferry terminal.

The current ferry terminal in Shekou in Southwest Shenzhen opened in November 2016. It serves ferries from/to across the Pearl River Delta:

  • A) Hong Kong International Airport (see "By Air" section above for more info): 14 services per day of 30 mins duration
  • B) Hong Kong Sheung Wan (aka Hong Kong Macau Ferry Terminal): 8-9 services per day of 1 hr duration
  • C) Macau Maritime Ferry Terminal: 12-13 services per day of 1 hr duration
  • D) Macau Taipa Ferry Terminal: 8-9 services per day of 1 hr duration
  • E) Zhuhai Jiuzhou Port: 25 services per day of 1 hr duration
  • F) Zhuhai Wailingding Island Ferry Terminal: 1 service per day of 70 mins duration

This is China's first purpose built cruise ship terminal. It is located 1.5 km Southwest of the previous Shekou Ferry Terminal. There are free shuttle buses from the old terminal where the Shenzhen Port Metro Station is located. The large, spacious new terminal surpasses the old site's cramped, lack of facilities.

The cruise terminal is set to become the home port for several cruise ships targeting the Chinese market. Initially Virgo Cruises and Silver Shadow Cruises will operate from the port.

Shenzhen Airport Fuyong Port Ferry Terminal[edit]

Passengers disembarking at Fuyong ferry pier.

Fuyong Port in Western Shenzhen is approx 6 km from Shenzhen Baoan International Airport terminal. Fuyong relocated to its present location in 2010. There is a free shuttle bus from the ferry port arriving at the airport at:

  • Terminal A Arrivals, gate 3
  • Terminal B Arrivals, gate 6

Fuyong serves ferries to/from:

  • A) Hong Kong International Airport: 4 services per day of 40 mins duration
  • B) Macau Maritime Terminal: 6 services per day
  • C) Macau Taipa Terminal: 1 service per day

Get around[edit]

Shenzhen being such a new city has the advantage of a planned street grid. Urban planning quality reflects in excellent transport infrastructure. The often flat terrain is advantageous for bicycles and electric vehicles.

Shenzhen Tong (深圳通) facilitates further convenience of public transport in Shenzhen. This stored value card is similar to an Octopus card in Hong Kong, Oyster card in London etc. Touch the card on the turnstile reader on entering and exiting the station. The card can be bought from a separate stand at metro stations, as well as from special machines. At Luohu station, the stand is located at Exit A. The stand displays the Shenzhen Tong cards and they cost 50 yuan. It can also be used for convenience store purchases.

Wheelchair, disabled and priority friendliness[edit]

The wheelchair symbol indicates the optimal door for wheelchair users on this metro platform 5 train at Chegongmiao metro station in Shenzhen.
Shenzhen metro wheelchair spaces are marked on the train inside as in this picture as well as outside of the train.
Shenzhen metro priority seats
"Priority Carriages for Women" sign at line 1 of Chegongmiao Station.

A review of Shenzhen in January 2019 reported, "Shenzhen wheelchair access travel is superior to most other Chinese cities, largely as a result of the recent construction of so much of the city." All Shenzhen's metro lines are wheelchair accessible. Physically disabled passengers are among those to whom the Shenzhen metro is free. Wheelchair friendliness is another beneficiary of Shenzhen's often flat terrain.

Shenzhen's first 25 buses specially disabled friendly buses went into operation in 2006 on route No. 59 (and the corresponding N6 night service), running between Bu Xin bus terminal in Luohu District and Window of the World in Nanshan. Shenzhen's new-energy buses often include wheelchair friendly facilities such as:

  • lower floors
  • wheelchair ramp
  • wheelchair parking space
  • cushioning behind the wheelchair space
  • wheelchair safety belt
  • bells to signal need for assistance

By metro[edit]

Note that the Line 9 Hongshuwan South - Qianwan extension included in this map is not in service until the end of November 2019.
Chegongmiao Station is the 2nd 4 line metro interchange in China after Century Avenue in Shanghai.
Chegongmiao station passageways prone to peak time overcrowding have numbered, coloured arrows on overhead lighting to assist navigation.

The excellent, ever expanding Shenzhen Metro (深圳地铁) is the most convenient and easy to understand method of transport around the Shenzhen city area. Reliable, regular, clean, efficient, inexpensive and safe. Since Shenzhen hosted the 2011 Universiade Games, signs, exit guides and announcements at metro stations as well as on trains are also in English. Hence it is very easy to get around the metro without Chinese skills. See the excellent Shenzhen Metro English language website

The Shenzhen Metro opened in December 2004 as the second rapid transit system in Guangdong province and 7th in mainland China at that time (8th in the People's Republic of China [PRC] since Hong Kong has the 2nd oldest metro system in the PRC after Beijing). The initial line numbering system was subsequently replaced by line names and then subsequently reverted back to line numbers again. On 12 July 2019 it set a new record for its peak daily ridership at 6.63 million. By annual ridership it is 4th busiest anywhere in China and 7th busiest on earth. The extension opened on 28 September 2019 put the Shenzhen metro at that date at:

  • 7th longest in China (including Hong Kong by now dwarfed at just over 1/2 the length of the Shenzhen metro) and 12th longest on earth with 293.8 km (182 mi) of trackage operating on 8 lines
  • 5th most metro stations in the PRC and 12th most on earth with 205 stations

The system is being extended at a jaw droppingly ambitious rate encapsulating so much about Shenzhen's breathtaking expansion, development and 'can do' attitude. Extensions currently at the planning or construction stage are progressing rapidly with schedules to go into operation regularly in the years ahead. By 2030 the network is projected to be longest on earth with 8 express and 24 non-express lines operating 1142 kilometres (709 miles) of trackage.

The 1st trains start at different times on each line between 6.00 and 6.30 am. Trains then arrive every few minutes. Like so many places, during rush hour the metro gets packed. The last journeys on lines commence from starting points around 23.00 and complete around midnight at their terminii. On special occasions the metro is extended later by a further hour. There is a relatively high standard of public courtesy on the Shenzhen Metro. Some customs are unusual to foreigners. For example people will often give their seats up to young children.

If not using Shenzhen Tong (see above for more info), buy metro tokens at station concourse token vending machines. Token machines only accept notes of 5 and 10 yuan. Machines often reject old or worn notes. Line 11 as an express line includes business class carriages. Ticket machines dispense a round plastic token (yellow for business class, green for non-business class). Touch the token on the reader on the entry turnstile and deposit it in the slot on the exit turnstile. Fares are distance based (¥2-14).

  • Children under the height of 120 cm or aged below 6 ride for free when accompanied by an adult
  • The metro also offers free rides to citizens aged over 65, the physically disabled and military personnel
  • Tickets are half priced for children between 120 cm and 150 cm, or aged between 6 and 14 years, or middle school students.

Chegongmiao station (simplified Chinese: 车公庙站; traditional Chinese: 車公廟站; pinyin: Chēgōngmiào Zhàn; Jyutping: Ce1 Gung1 Miu2 Zaam6; literally: 'Che Kung Temple station'), downtown in Futian District is the Shenzhen Metro passenger nucleus. It is the 2nd metro four-line interchange hub in China after Century Avenue station in the Shanghai Metro. Chegongmiao is on metro lines 1, 7, 9 and 11. Passageways within the station prone to peak time overcrowding have coloured arrows on overhead lighting to assist navigation. Chegongmiao station is located underneath Shennan Road, at the west of Xiangmihu Road. It is near China Merchants Bank Tower and Donghai Pacific Mall.

By bus[edit]

Route 59 was the first Shenzhen bus route to have wheelchair friendly buses.
Bus 385 at the gate of Wenbo Palace, Xihuan Road, Baoan.

In a world leading step against global climate extreming, all 16,000 Shenzhen buses are electric. This makes standing at a Shenzhen bus stop a very different experience to inhaling the choking pollution at a bus stop in nearby Hong Kong.

There are three kinds of city buses: orange short route buses, green longer route buses, and express buses. The orange buses usually cost ¥1 and have no conductor. The green buses cost ¥2+. Some have no conductor and a flat fee, on the fare machine. Some have a conductor who will calculate your fare for you. The express buses are express like the E19 from Xili to Shenzhenwan Border. The E19 is ¥9 and generally the express buses cost more. Buses are comfortable and almost always air-conditioned. Bus stops are signed in Romanised Chinese. The next bus stop is always announced although it may not be particularly comprehensible. Buses usually stop at all stops so counting stops is a viable alternative for finding out where you are. All announcements are made in Mandarin and English. You can pay with your Shenzhen Tong card (see Metro Section).

Mini-buses have been phased out within the Special Economic Zone but are still operating outside of it. Most bus lines operate every couple of minutes.

Free shuttles run from the basement of Luohu's immigration building to and from various attractions such as spas in the area.

By bike[edit]

Cycling is not as popular as in Beijing for example but Shenzhen is nearly as cycle-friendly as neighbouring Guangzhou, and much more cycle-friendly than most of neighboring Hong Kong, Macau, and Humen. Downtown is relatively flat and traffic is not as heavy as in other cities (thanks to a good road infrastructure, although bicycle lanes can be sporadic which means bicycles have to run in the vehicle lanes or sidewalks).

There is a new bike path that runs along a new park the length of the Shenzhen Bay, opened up for the Universiade in July 2011. From there you can go up along the Shahe (Sand River canal) most of the way to the Guangzhou Greenway without crossing any vehicular traffic. Unfortunately the Guangzhou greenway is not well marked, so it can be difficult to find your way from Shenzhen to neighbouring cities such as Guangzhou. Another small canal also runs north from the southwest of Shenzhen Bay Port, connecting to the bayfront park bike path.

The Bike rental card is a bit of a hassle to get. By Shekou Wal-mart on XingGong Road, go to the nearby hotel's 4th floor to the bike rental office. Bring your passport, a copy of your passport and 215RMB (115RMB deposit, and 100RMB credit). Ask for option 3. You will need to fill out a form with basic information such as your passport number, date of birth, address, telephone number etc. You will get a receipt to keep if you want to cancel the bike service. After you have filled out the form and paid the deposit the receptionist will give you a demonstration of how to use your new card.

Note that electric-bicycles and motorcycles are banned within the SEZ area.

Because of Hong Kong's obsolete Frontier Zone policy, you cannot bike between Hong Kong and Shenzhen at the Hong Gang port because the road is closed except to public busses and taxis. You can, however take your 20" folding bike across to take the green public light bus #75 or Kowloon Motor Bus #B1 between there and Hong Kong's Yuen Long (the minibus charges you a HK$7 surcharge but the B1 bus does not, although your bike must be folded and/or packed before boarding). Hong Kong's MTR is unusually expensive at border terminals, but bikes are allowed on the trains (staff may ask you to take the front wheel off). 20" folding Bikes are also allowed on Shenzhen Metro trains.

By taxi[edit]

In Shenzhen electric taxis are blue in colour as per these taxis at Shenzhen Bay Port in January 2019.

As of January 2019 electrification of Shenzhen's 21,689 taxi fleet has reached 99%.[63]. Two kinds of taxis are able to operate in all areas of Shenzhen, distinguished by their color:

  • Blue taxis are electric vehicles and fuel surcharge does not apply on them
  • Red taxis and Green taxis are petroleum fuel taxis

Unlike neighbouring Hong Kong it is rare to find any drivers who speak English. Hence be sure to have the names and addresses of your destinations written in Chinese to show your taxi driver if you do not speak Mandarin.

Taxi meters start at ¥10.00 for the first 2 km, then ¥0.60 for each 250 meters. Late night costs slightly higher. There is a ¥2.00 fuel surcharge added to all fares. Tipping is not expected at all. Round up to the next Yuan.

Avoid like plague unlicensed taxis including those proliferating places like border crossings and transport hubs. Before entering any taxi cab, ensure it has a taxi license prominently displayed in the plastic holder provided for this purpose on the right hand dashboard of every cab. Unlicensed taxis are illegal and all too often have unscrupulous drivers. Taking an unlicensed taxi makes it likely you will bring trouble upon yourself of potentially infinite magnitude and variety. Anyone who ignores this paragraph and decides to do business with unlicensed taxi drivers, you have been warned.

Taxis are (unusually for China), well regulated and managed in Shenzhen. It is very rare to have a driver give you problems or take you the long way to your destination. Driving standards of licensed taxis are usually adequate. However if you are unfortunate enough to feel in danger, do not be afraid to get out and get the next cab. If you have a major problem, threaten to complain (use the word "tousu" (toe-soo) meaning "complaint"). Penalties are believed to be a 200 RMB penalty per complaint - 5 complaints and their license will be revoked!). On the receipt you should get when the driver prints out the ticket is a phone number and his taxi license. Use this if you want to file any type of complaint.

If you ask for a driver from a hotel it is likely they will get a private driver. Negotiate the price before you depart.

See[edit][add listing]

Architecture[edit]

Ping An Finance Centre, 2nd tallest building in China and 4th tallest in the world
KK100 with Di Wang Tower to its left viewed from Lizhi Park (荔枝公园) in 2015
China Resources Headquarters.
Shun Hing Square 'Di Wang Tower' taken viewing East from the KK100 tower. Luohu District is in the background.

The large-scale construction work carried out in Shenzhen since 1980 almost completely destroyed some historical architecture prevalent in the city before its special economic zone status. Some historical buildings in the city are either reconstructions or new models. Despite this, there are still a good number of historical buildings in Shenzhen (see Historical Sites and Religious Structures sections below).

There is a significant number of supertall skyscrapers (over 300 m / 984 ft) either proposed, approved, under construction or completed in Shenzhen. Shenzhen is the skyscraper capital of China's many cities of skyscrapers. At September 2018 Shenzhen had 14 skyscrapers at least 300 metres tall meriting supertall status. 7 others are under construction with tens of others proposed. 14 completed is second globally to Dubai's 25. The tallest building in Shenzhen is the 599 metre, 115 floor Ping An Finance Centre, which is also the second tallest in China and the fourth tallest building in the world. More skyscrapers were completed in Shenzhen in the year 2016 than in all the USA and Australia combined, such is the rate of skyline transformation.

Many designs have had to be reduced in height due to risks for airlines. Of the three districts with supertall skyscrapers, airline risk especially curtails height designs in Nanshan District close to Shenzhen airport. Nanshan is especially targeted for future skyscraper development. Five of Shenzhen's skyscrapers are among the 40 tallest on earth as at March 2019:

  • Ping An International Finance Centre (also known as the Ping An IFC) (Chinese: 平安国际金融中心) at 5033 Yitian Road, Futian District, is a 115-storey supertall skyscraper. 599 metres tall makes it 1 metre short of megatall categorisation. The original design was 660 metres tall including a spire that was removed due to airline risk. The building was commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates. It was completed in 2017, becoming the tallest building in Shenzhen, the 2nd tallest building in China and the 4th tallest building in the world. It also shares the record (with the Shanghai Tower) of having the highest observation deck in a building at 562 m. Nearest Metro - Shopping Park
  • The KK100 (Chinese: 京基100), formerly known as Kingkey 100 and Kingkey Finance Tower, is a supertall skyscraper at 5016 Shennan East Road, Luohu District. The mixed-use building rises 441.8 metres (1,449 ft) and contains 100 floors for office space and a hotel. It is currently the second tallest building in Shenzhen as well as being the 22nd tallest building in the world. It is the tallest building ever designed by a British architect. There is a building front water fountain and an observation deck near the top. In December 2011, the Emporis Skyscraper Award awarded the building a fourth place. The building has a height-width ratio of 9.5:1, thus becoming one of China's slimmest buildings. Despite not being tallest, the KK100 apex like appearance when viewed from East or West with the adjacent and also distinctive view of Di Wang Tower, these two buildings together make for many people the defining view of Shenzhen's skyline. Nearest Metro: Grand Theatre.
  • China Resources Headquarters (Chinese:华润总部大厦), colloquially known as the Spring Bamboo (Chinese:春笋), is a 392-metre (1,286.1 ft) supertall skyscraper at 2666 Keyuan South Road, Houhai, Nanshan District. A design of 500 metres was reduced due to airline risk. The building topped out on July 1, 2016 and surpassed Shun Hing Square as the 3rd tallest building in Shenzhen upon its completion in 2018. It is 33rd tallest on earth.
  • Shum Yip Upperhills Tower 1 is a supertall skyscraper 388 metres (1,273.0 ft) tall at Huanggang Road in Futian District. It is 36th tallest on earth. The tower has a novel structural system called a "Ladder System" where the perimeter mega columns are connected to the central reinforced concrete core at every story as opposed to the typical configuration where they are only connected via outriggers at mechanical floors.
  • Shun Hing Square (Chinese: 信兴广场), also known as "Di Wang Tower" (Chinese: 地王大厦) is a 384-metre-tall (1,260 ft) skyscraper. It is 36th tallest on earth. It's twin antennae design paired with the KK100 apex shape combine for the defining outline of Luohu's skyline and for all of Shenzhen for many people. Nearest Metro: Grand Theatre.

Galleries and museums[edit]

  • Chung Ying Street Museum (中英街; Zhōngyīng Jiē), Chung Ying Street, Shatoujiao (Take bus 68, B924, or B961 to Zhongyingjie (Chung Ying Street)). This museum is located on the street's east side. There are thousands of exhibits which mainly contain historical relics and folk heritage of modern times. Many rare photos also attract visitors' eyes. These photos remind people the history of Chung Ying Street and help people get a better understanding this street's importance. Exhibits are distributed across four exhibition halls. The first hall introduces the history of Chung Ying Street and some folk customs. The second hall mainly tells '3.18 Boundary'; it was on March 18, 1898 that the China-Britain Boundary was settled. The third hall introduces many heroic deeds from 1937 to 1945. The fourth hall is about the bright future and accomplishments of reform and opening policies. Atop the museum is a viewing platform where visitors can see Hong Kong's New Territories natural scenery. See detailed text on Ching Ying Street in section on Historical Sites below.  edit
Artists at work in Dafen Oil Painting Village.
  • Dafen Oil Painting Village (大芬油画村; Dàfèn Yóuhuà Cūn), Dafen Village, Buji, 龙岗区布吉街道大芬社区 (Dafen (大芬) Stn, Longgang Line). In 1988, a Hong Kong businessman called Wong Kong, who had a business specialising in reproduction art, decided that there was no future in Hong Kong and set up in Dafen, even though it was not in the SEZ. Soon he was joined by artists from all over China, some classically trained but many just talented amateurs fresh from the paddy fields. And so Dafen was born. It is set in an old Hakka village and consists of street after street of shops selling oil paintings, watercolors, and embroidered paintings. Examine things carefully, as some artwork is machine printed, rather than hand made. Much of it is rubbish but some of China's best artists also have studios in Dafen. For a few hundred Yuan you can commission an artist to copy your favorite piece of art, your wedding photo, or photos of your family. Insist on "A" quality - it costs a little more but it's worth it. You can also get incredibly rapid framing while you wait and inexpensive art supplies. There is a handsome modern gallery exhibiting works by Dafen local painters. Consider the Qi Xing teahouse, built round several 300 year old Hakka houses with beautiful courtyards.  edit
  • Guan Shan Yue Art Gallery (关山月美术馆), 6026 Hong Li Rd, Futian 福田区红荔路6026号 (Bus 25,215,105 Shao Nian Gong Stn (少年宫)), [1]. The Guan Shan Yue Gallery is dedicated to the works of Guan Shanyue, a modern master of the Ling Nan school of Chinese ink painting. The Ling Nan (Ling Nan is the Tang Dynasty name for Guangdong and Guangxi provinces) originated in the early 20th century inspired by Japanes westernising schools. Guan Shanyue studied under the school masters and produced some very competent art in that style. He had revolutionary associations and, after the communist takeover, became an arts bureaucrat until he was attacked during the Cultural Revolution. He donated his paintings to the Shenzhen City Government in 1993 and the gallery opened in 1997. It contains exhibits of Guan's work and hosts regular special exhibitions (","114°) edit
He Xiangning Art Museum.
  • He Xiangning Art Museum (何香凝美术馆; Hé Xiāngníng Měishùguǎn), 9013 Shennan Blvd (深南大道9013号;; Shēn​nán Dà​dào​) (Get off at Huaqiaocheng Stn (华侨城), exit C, walk W past the InterContinental hotel), [2]. 10:00-17:30, closed M. China's second national modern art museum, after the National Art Gallery of China. He Xiangning was the widow of Liang Zhongkai, the pro-Moscow leader left the Kuomintang during the 1920s. Liao was expected to become KMT leader after Sun Yat-sen's death but he was assassinated by gangsters probably hired by Chiang Kai-shek. He Xiangning then became an important leader of the leftist wing of the KMT and after 1949 stayed on in Beijing. Her son, Liao Chengzhi was a leading Communist and head of the organisation that originally controlled the area where the He Xiangning Art Gallery is located, Overseas Chinese Town (OCT) in Eastern Shenzhen. This is why the gallery was built as a memorial to her. The gallery has shifting exhibits mainly of avant garde and modern Chinese art. Some of China's best known painters regularly exhibit there and it is definitely worth a visit. ¥20, free F. (","113°58'35.62"E") edit
  • OCT Art and Design Gallery (华美术馆), Shennan Ave OCT 南山区华乔城深南大道 (Bus nos. 21, 26, 54, 59, 101, 105, 109, 113, 204, 223, 338, 373, 390, Huaqiaocheng Stn (华侨城), exit C, walk W past the InterContinental Hotel). Shenzhen is famous throughout China as a centre of design and the OCT Art and design gallery is where you go to see it exhibited. Set in a restored industrial building, the gallery holds regular exhibitions showcasing Shenzhen and China's industrial, domestic and fashion design. ¥15. (","113°58'40.46"E") edit
Floral car at OCT Loft.
  • OCT Contemporary Art Terminal and Loft Area (OCT当代艺术中心), Behind Konka, OCT, 南山区华乔城康佳集团北则 (Qiao Cheng Dong Stn, Exit A. Walk back 150 m to Enping Rd), [3].  edit
  • Shenzhen Art Museum (深圳美术馆), 32 Donghu St, Donghu Park, Aiguo Rd, Luohu 罗湖区爱国路东湖一街32号 (Bus 3, 17, 360, 351, 300. Take the bus to the Shenzhen Reservoir (Shenzhen Shui Ku) station and go to the East Lake (Dong Hu) Pk). Tu-Su 09:00-17:00, closed M.  edit
Shenzhen Museum in 2010
  • Shenzhen Museum (深圳博物馆; Shēnzhènguǎn), Jintian Rd Entrance, Shenzhen Civic Centre, Futian District (福田区市民中心东座) (Central Futian (Shi Min Zhong Xin Stn)), +86 755 8210-1044, [4]. 10:00-18:00, closed M. In Shenzhen City Hall Centre's East Wing, the City Government's wing-roofed building. This is a must-see. The ground floor gallery has exhibits from some of China's most famous museums. So far since its opening in December 2008 it has played host to exhibits of jade burial suits, bronzes from the Shu Kingdom and Shang Dynasty bronzes. The upper floors exhibit the SEZ founding and development revealing details of some of Chinese history's most significant events. There is also a history of the Pearl River region exhibit, including the incredible number of ancient relics unearthed during construction in Shenzhen, and an exhibit of the Qing and Republican periods in Shenzhen. Free.  edit

Gardens and parks[edit]

Shenzhen is famous in China as being one of its greenest cities with dozens of parks. Only nearby Dongguan has a greater percentage of its area given over to parks and gardens.

  • CITIC Minsk aircraft carrier(中信明思克航母) The park by the sea and on land Minsk aircraft carrier Minsk CITIC Plaza is composed of two parts.
  • Fairy Lake Botanical Gardens (仙湖植物公园; Xiān Zhí Gōngyuán), Lian Shi Rd, Lian Tang Rd, Luohu District 罗湖区莲塘村莲十路 (Bus 218, 220 to the garden gate (for bus 218 get off at Foreign Language School stop and walk up Xian Hu Rd to the main gate). On return, Bus 220 will take you to Guomao station). 07:00-22:00.
    Lake of the Immortals Botanical Gardens
    This park sprawls over miles of foothills, valleys, rivers and lakes before climbing half way up Wutong Mountain (see info on Wutong Mountain below). The main attraction is the Hong Fa Buddhist Temple (see entry above) but there are beautiful and peaceful lakes surrounded by teahouses and pavilions which could inspire great poetry. Don't miss the azalea garden, the pertified forest, the paleontology museum or the medicinal plants garden. From the main gates to the various attractions within, there is a bus (¥3 each way) that will drop you near the temple (400 m away). Purchase the bus tickets before joining the queue. If you choose to walk instead of bus, be prepared for a 30 min gentle inclined walk on awkwardly crowded pavements, next to jammed country roads. It's also worth noting that on public holidays, weekends and great weather the parks and the temple will be flooded with the locals, becoming more of a family and fun affair, rather than a place of relaxation. Be careful of the burning incense sticks at the temple!
    ¥20. (22.34.17.01N,114.9.50.73E) edit
  • Lianhuashan Park (Lotus Mountain Park; 蓮花山公園; Liánhuāshāngōngyuán), Hongli Rd W, Futian Central ("Shaoniangong). This is Shenzhen's most central park. Set at the northern end of the Futian central access it is 150 ha of urban bushland. The gardens themselves are extremely beautiful and meticulously cared for. But to really enjoy the mountain, you need to be there with Shenzhen's middle classes early in the morning or on Sundays when large family groups gather to have fun. At the mountaintop, reachable via a 20 minute, not-too-challenging walk, is a large bronze statue of Deng Xiaoping striding out over the city. Large aerobics groups operate to loud music, people play badminton, a man walks down the path inscribing Tang Dynasty poetry in ever evaporating water with an enormous brush. Further down the mountain, ballroom dancers do the tango, a group of belly dancers wiggle and large men lay into each other with bamboo staves and swords. A famous and totally spontaneous group of singers of revolutionary opera sings by the lotus lake every Sunday morning, a must-see if you are even remotely in the vicinity. They are just past the laughter therapy group and the marriage market. And in Autumn, do not forget your kite. (22.33.5.22N,114.3.1.78E) edit
  • Mangrove National Park (红树林生态公园), Binhai Freeway Futian 福田区滨海大道. China's smallest national park. Hong Kong's Mai Po Marshes are one of the world's great birdwatching paradises as birds migrating from Siberia rest in the fishponds. The same birds also rest in the mangroves on Shenzhen Bay a scant two miles north of Mai Po. In the late 1990s when the Binhai Freeway was being built, there was public outrage at plans to route the freeway through the bird habitated mangroves. The freeway was moved 200 metres north and China's smallest national park was founded. The bird watching is legendary, but if you are not into birds, the park provides coconut palm shaded walks and views to die for across Shenzhen Bay. Free. (22.31.41.97N,113.59.47.89E) edit
  • Safari Park Shenzhen (深圳野生动物园; Shēnzhènshēng Dòngyuán), Xili Rd, Nanshan District (南山区西丽路; Nán​shān​ qū​ Xīlì Lù), +86 755 2662-2888 (, fax: +86 755 2662-2333), [5]. 10:00-17:00. Billed as a safari park where the animals stare at the humans. It is dirty, disorganised and a bit of a dud. Considering the animals, its downright depressing. ¥160.  edit
  • Shenzhen Garden and Flower Exposition Center (园博园), Zhuzilinxi, Futian District (at the intersection of Shennan Ave and Qiaocheng E Rd) (深圳市福田区竹子林西 (深南大道与侨城东路交汇处); Fútián​ Qū Zhú​zi​lín Xī (Shēn​nán Ddà​dào Yú​ Qiáo​chéng Dōng​ Lù​ Jiāo​huì Chù​​)​​) (Qiao Cheng Dong Stn, exit A). 09:00-22:00. This park started life as the site of an international garden exhibition in 2004. It is an enormous garden with an area of 660,000 m². It ranges from gently undulating to quite steep and contains gardens in many different styles, not only Chinese but from all over the world. Jiangnan style gardens are built around lakes in the north-east corner. Visit the hot houses and climb the hill past the waterfall to the pagoda on atop the hill. Views back to Hong Kong are visible on a clear day. Its 242 more steps to the top of the pagoda. ¥50.  edit
  • Shiyan Lake Hot Spring Resort (石岩湖温泉度假村; Shíyánhú Wēnquánjiàcūn​​), Shiyan Town, Bao'an District (宝安区石岩镇; Bǎo​'ān​ Qū​ Shí​yán​ Zhèn​), +86 755 2716-4148. 06:00-21:00. This has been a popular attraction since the 16th century when it was named one of the "Eight Great Views of Xin'an County" (the county of which Hong Kong and Shenzhen were part). Situated on a man-made reservoir at the back of Yangtai Mountain, it is not easy to get to but it is worth the trouble. Water springs from the ground at over 60°C, but is cooled to about 40°C before being fed into pools. Pools are both public and private and indoor and outdoor. ¥15.  edit
Wutong Mountain entrance gate
  • Wutong Mountain National Park (梧桐山Wutong Village Luohu District 罗湖区捂桐村), (Bus 221 from starting at Jian She Lu in Luohu terminates at Wutong Village.), [6]. Wutong Mountain at just over 900 m tall is the second tallest mountain in the Pearl River Delta after Hong Kong's Tai Mo Shan and it is a Mecca for hikers and climbers. The park spans part of Luohu, Yantian and Longgang districts. This has been a recognised beauty spot since at least the Ming Dynasty when it was included in the Eight Great Views of Xin'an County and was celebrated in poetry. There are three main ridgeline peaks; Lesser Wutong (小梧桐), 692 meters high easily identified by Shenzhen TV Company transmission tower; Bean Curd Head (豆腐头), 706 meters; and Great Wutong (大梧桐), at 943.7 meters is highest. There is a pool on the top of Greater Wutong called Wuling Heavenly Pond (梧岭天池). Starting point choices are east side of Shatoujiao/Yantian, the south side of Xianhu/Liantang, the west of Wutongshan Village, the north side of Longgang, and the north and south entrances. The difficulty level and the scenery along each route vary. The starting point for many is Wutong Village accessed by bus 211 from Luohu. Wutong Village itself is a popular visitor attraction with many cafes, restaurants, spas and craft shops. Many eateries are all-vegetarian. Greater Wutong Mountain from Wutong Village is an 11.4 kilometre moderately trafficked loop trail rated as a difficult hike. It gets busy on public holidays. The broad road is a gentle climb but the Hao Han Slope is notoriously difficult. The walk from Wutong Village to Greater Wutong summit takes around 5 hours in total for the return walk. On a clear day, the views from the summit over Mirs Bay and the mountains of Hong Kong's New Territories are indescribably beautiful. Night views over the city set against the sweep of Shenzhen Bay are also to die for. Free.  edit
Wutong Mountain top
  • Yangtai Mountain Forest Park (羊台山森林公园), Longhua Town Bao’an 宝安区龙华镇 (NOT easy to get to and advise to combine the hot springs with a visit to Yangtai Mountain. That way you can take advantage of easy public transport connections between them. Take the Metro to Windows on the World, Shi Jie Zhi Chuang. Next to Exit B there is a large underground bus station. Take bus no 392 to its terminus which is the Shiyan Hot Springs. When you’ve finished, take bus no 769 from the place where you got off. This terminates at Yangtai Mountain). This is a forest park administered by the water and forestry administrations of Guangdong Province. The mountain, 500-m high, lies around an attractive reservoir. It is heavily wooded with native and exotic vegetation and abounds with wild life. The climb to the top is moderately difficult and very rewarding.  edit

Historical sites[edit]

Chiwan Left Fort
Linxezu memorial statue at Chiwan Left Fort

People, even long time Shenzhen residents, will confidently tell you that "Shenzhen has no history". However there are a number of important sites, some of great national significance, dating back to the twelfth century. Shenzhen, it seems, was critically involved in a number of historical events, especially the Southern Song Dynasty collapse and final stand (13th century), the Ming Dynasty last stand (17th century) and the Opium War (19th century).

  • Chiwan Left Fort (赤湾左炮台), Chiwan First Rd, Chiwan, Nanshan 南山区赤湾一路. 8am - 5.30pm. Chiwan was one a prime defensive spots on the Pearl River. The Chiwan Fort was divided into two parts, the Left Fort and the Right Fort. Originally they had twelve gun positions but now only the Left Fort is in any reasonable degree of repair. Perched on Ying Zui Mountain, at over 500 feet above the Pearl River, they commanded a full field of fire. Their failure to make any impression on British ships as they entered the Pearl was one of the Opium War's first great disasters. There is also a statue of Lin Zexu, the Viceroy of the Two Guangs, whose decision to try to destroy the opium trade was a causative factors leading to the Opium War  edit
Chung Ying Street sign
  • Chung Ying Street (中英街; Zhōngyīng Jiē), Chung Ying Street, Shatoujiao (Take bus 68, B924, or B961 to Zhongyingjie (Chung Ying Street).). Note See the Hong Kong Govt website re obtaining a permit that is difficult to obtain[7]. Mainland Chinese residents can obtain access from the Shenzhen side by purchasing an organised tour ticket from the tour operator there. No other form of access is permitted. Chung Ying Street (Chinese: 中英街) is a street on the border between Hong Kong and Shenzhen, within the border town of Sha Tau Kok (Hong Kong) and Shatoujiao (Shenzhen). One street side belongs to Hong Kong and the other belongs to Mainland China. In Cantonese, Chung means China and Ying means England or the United Kingdom. The street was a river in 1899 of which the British used the high water mark as the border after the Second Convention of Peking, a treaty that China under the Qing dynasty forced the lease of New Territories to Britain in 1899. The river was shallow at the section of Sha Tau Kok eventually drying out pre World War II. The residents on both dried river sides then erected shops to trade. The dried river then renamed Chung Hing Street (traditional Chinese: 中興街; simplified Chinese: 中兴街), and later renamed to Chung Ying Street. The town of Sha Tau Kok subsequently flourished. Because of its location, Sha Tau Kok was also a place through which robbers fled from Hong Kong to China and illegal immigrants came the other way, and one where smuggling syndicates thrived. The British colonial government decided to close the border and the town fell within the Frontier Closed Area. Being the only area in Hong Kong people from Mainland China could access, Sha Tau Kok was flooded by Chinese tourists, who came to buy goods such as soaps, bolts of fabric and electronic appliances. This turned Chung Ying Street into a bustling shopping area. In the 1980s and 1990s the area received nearly 100,000 tourists a day. Sensing a business opportunity, gold shops and jewellery stores sprang up in Sha Tau Kok. Shops sold out of goods and before they could even restock the shelves, customers would grab goods directly from the delivery trucks. With the easing of restrictions in recent years on individuals from China visiting other parts of Hong Kong, numbers of visiting shoppers from mainland China have declined. Chung Ying Street is now popular with tourists visiting with 4 principle attractions: (1) The Ancient Well: Located at the back-street of Chung Ying Street, the ancient well has a history of three hundred years. It is the drinking water source in this area. As an old Chinese saying goes 'One must not forget where the water comes from when drinking it', the friendship of local people on both sides of the street is connected tightly by this well. (2) Banyan Tree: This one hundred years aged banyan tree is next to the fourth boundary monument. Many artists and writers are likely to use this tree as the material source of creation because the tree root is in Shenzhen and the branches in Hong Kong. The amazing structure embodies the principle that mainland China is always the strongest support of Hong Kong. (3) Boundary Monuments: There are eight boundary monuments in Chung Ying Street. No.3 to No.7 monuments were destroyed in the war and then re-erected in 1948. No.1 and No.2 monuments have been preserved since being erected in 1905. No. 8 had already sunk in the riverbed. These monuments witnessed a flourishing period of this street. (4) Zhong-Ying Street Historical Museum: See Museums section above.  edit
  • Crane Lake Fortified Hakka Village and Hakka Culture Museum, (Take Line 3/ Longgang Line to NanLian. From the metro station take Exit C1 into BiXin Rd. Turn left from the station following BiXin, until you hit LongYuan Rd. Then turn right where the village is 200m along on the right hand side through a small street). Half of Shenzhen City was originally Hakka. This came about after the 17th century Kangxi Emperor depopulated the coastline to a depth of 30km as part of his campaign against Ming loyalists in Taiwan. When the coast was repopulated, the Hakka, descendants of 13th century immigrants from north China, were quicker. Relations between the Hakka and the Cantonese were often strained. During the 19th century, half a million people lost their lives in civil strife between the Hakka and the Cantonese. Accordingly, most Hakka settlements of any size were heavily fortified. The most common form of fortification in south China is the rectangular "wei" or "wai" and the biggest of them anywhere is the Crane Lake Wei in Longgang. It doubles as a museum of Hakka culture.  edit
Dapeng Fort.
  • Dapeng Ancient Fort (大鹏所城; Dàpéng Suǒchéng). Dapeng Fort is yet another amazingly well preserved Ming Dynasty Fort. Founded in 1394, it shared with various other forts the duties of guarding the entrances to the Pearl River and was prominent in the river defence during the Opium War. It is extremely well preserved and currently undergoing restoration as a museum. You need to take bus M362, which starts at Futian Bus Interchange (Nearest subway is Zhu Zi Lin - Line 1. As the bus will pass Luohu area, maybe worth asking at the hotel if they know the nearest M362 stop. When on the bus, ask for Dapeng when paying. Should be ¥10. The journey will be to the last stop and will take around 1.5 hours You'll pass by Yantian port and some crappy theme parks. Once at Dapeng Bus Station (its very small), wait for bus 928 which will take you there at 1RMB, but keep an eye open for the stop. Alternatively, you can ask one of the motorcycles with the umbrella to take you there at ¥10. To get back, take bus 928 or B756, back the way you came. Once back at Dapeng Station, take bus E11 and ask for Shenzhen. It will stop at many stations in the city, so you will need to try to guess the best place to stop  edit
  • Dawanshiju Hakka Fortified Village. Similarly a well preserved and enormous Hakka wei. It is of a similar scale to the Crane Lake wei.  edit
  • Tomb of the Young Song Emperor (宋少帝陵; Sòng Shǎo Líng), Chiwan (赤湾; Chì​wān​). This is putatively the tomb of the last Emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty (d. 1279). There is little doubt that he died in this general area after fleeing from the Mongols who had taken the dynastic capital Hangzhou. Modern knowledge of the tomb dates back to the latter 19th century when the Zhao (Cantonese Chiu) Clan of Hong Kong (Zhao was the Song Imperial surname) researched the tomb and declared it to be in Chiwan near the great Tin Hau Temple. Certainly there are folk tales of the Emperor's demise current in the Chiwan area and very large numbers of people claiming Imperial descent in the district. But the claims remain debatable. The tomb was restored in the early 20th century and subsequently fell into disrepair. It was rediscovered by a military cook during the Cultural Revolution but left alone. The Shenzhen City Government further restored it in the 1980s. It is in the form of a normal Chinese upper class tomb and the focus of much popular devotion.  edit
  • Xin'an (Nantou) Ancient City (新安(南头)古城; Xīn'ān (Nántóu) Gǔchéng). This is the original county town for the county which originally encompassed Hong Kong and Shenzhen. There has been a town on this site since the fourth century. Much of the old town has been demolished and replaced by eight storey residential buildings in the "urban village" style, but Xin'an has still maintained the flavour of a Cantonese town throughout the ages with vibrant street life along narrow streets. The Ming Dynasty wall and gate remain magnificently preserved as do the Guan Yu Temple outside the gates, the naval and civil headquarters, a silver shop, an opium den and even a brothel. Visit the eighteenth century "Flower Street" or street of brothels, a narrow alley with an eighteenth century official stele denouncing the evils of prostitution.  edit

Religious structures[edit]

Chiwan Tianhou Temple
  • Chiwan Tin Hau Temple (赤湾天后宫;). This is one of China's biggest and most splendid temples to Tin Hau, the Goddess of Heaven who guards over sailors and fishermen. It was founded in the early fifteenth century by the famous eunuch admiral Zheng He who, during one of his voyages of discovery, was saved from shipwreck here during a typhoon by the intercession of Tin Hau, this despite the fact that Zheng He was a Moslem. It has been restored many times during its lifetime, most recently during the 1980s after the ravages of the Cultural Revolution. It was built in Ming Dynasty (14th to 17th centuries) style and is a magnificent example of this style.  edit
  • Dongshan Monastery (东山寺简史;), 龙岗区东山路, (0755)84319055. , first built in 1394, is a Zen Buddhism monastery in Southern China. It is situated south of Mount Longtou (dragon head) which in ancient time was variably called Jiufeng or Dongshan (East Mountain, probably because it is situated east of Dapeng Fortress).  edit
  • Hong Fa Buddhist Temple (弘法寺; Hóng Fǎ Sì). Not particularly old but it is always packed with pilgrims from all over China and beyond. Its attraction is its 104 year old abbot, a famously holy man who has a fascinating history in the destruction and revival of Chinese Buddhism. The temple is sited half way up Wutong Mountain in the Fairy Lake Botanical Garden - Southeast Gate (仙湖植物园站‎), Shenzhen's largest and most beautiful park. Like many temples in China, there is a vegetarian restaurant to nourish visitors.  edit

Other[edit]

Shenzhen Library
  • Portofino (波托菲诺; Bōtuōfēinuò). Shenzhen housing developments are often built around beautiful tropical gardens with luxurious club house amenities and among the best known is Portofino. It is built around a surprisingly attractive imitation of an Italian Piazzetta along a lake which has cafes, bars and restaurants without outdoor seating. Cantonese restaurant chain, Laurel, has a branch with outdoor seating here. Sunday morning dim sum queues are long.  edit
  • Shenzhen Library (深圳图书馆), 2016 Fuzhong 1st Road, Futian 福田区福中一路2016号 (either Shi Min Zhong Xin (Civic Centre) or Shao Nian Gong (Children's Palace) Stns on Lines 2 or 4. Bus 25, 228, 65, 111, 71, 64, Shao Nian Gong bus stop). Shenzhen Library and Concert Hall together make up another of the city's architectural masterpieces. Architect Arata Isozaki designed the buildings with a back of almost featureless black granite and a front of brilliant folded glass. It is a must see for architecture freaks. The library has four million books.  edit

Do[edit][add listing]

Amusement parks[edit]

Shenzhen has many theme parks, which are popular with Chinese tourists, many of whom go to Shenzhen mainly for these. Reactions of Western visitors vary widely, from enjoying them immensely to finding them amazingly tacky. Most are owned and operated by the Shenzhen OCT (Overseas Chinese Town) Group:

  • Happy Valley Theme Park (欢乐谷 huanle gu), Qiaocheng W Rd OCT 南山区华乔城乔城西路 (Shi Jie Zhi Chuang Metro Station, walk about 500 meters). 9am - 10pm. A conventional fun park bigger than Hong Kong Disneyland. Divided into theme areas it has the usual fun rides. There are several levels of roller coasters, ranging from tame kiddie coasters to the Snow Dragon which holds you upside down with your feet dangling and the Shangra-La which has a 4G drop, and the Magic Castle which has carnival games. If you try the flume ride be prepared to get wet.  edit
  • Minsk World (明思克航母; Míng Háng), Jinrong Rd, Shatoujiao 盐田区沙头角金融路海滨明思克大厦; Yán​tián​ Qū​ Shā​tóu​jiǎo (opposite the Yantian District Government Bldg, Buses 103, 202, 205 or 430; or taxi from Lo Hu), +86 755 2535-5333. 09:00-19:30. Was a military theme park centered around the former Soviet aircraft carrier Minsk. It was closed on February 14th, 2016 and the ship was moved away for repairs in order to be reestablished as a theme park in Nantong, Jiangsu ¥110.  edit
  • OCT East (东部华侨城). 09:00-22:00. Built by the same company that brought you Windows of the World. Located at the valleys and hills behind Dameisha (beach), it features a thrill ride, shows, and replica of European towns. Be prepared to climb a lot of stairs or escalators to reach all the different rides or attractions. There is a golf club on the hill called Wind Valley Golf. Please do note that there are certain safety issues about the park - mainly electrical problems. In June 2010, 6 people died when a electrical failure threw them off a ride. Several were injured as well. The park was plagued with other small electrical outages which have resulted in people trapped in cable cars etc. ¥120.  edit
  • Playa Maya. Water park open in Summer built around a Maya architectural theme. There are shows all day and well into the night. The park is crowded on the weekends and holidays, but few people on the weekdays.  edit
  • Sea World Shekou China (蛇口海上世界中国). There are no shortage of international chain restaurants. It is called sea world, because it has a big ship named Minghua that is now used for a hotel. Before, it was used in the sea, but now the have docked it on shore. In the ship, there is also a restaurant/sports bar named X-Ta-Sea. In that restaurant, there are pool tables, a Foosball table, live sports on television, and live music Tuesdays through Saturdays. Out in the plaza you can also rent a electronic animal ride or a triple seated bike. Behind the ship, there is a golf course that you could also visit. In the center of sea world, is a really smooth tiled center where people are riding their bikes, S boards, skateboards, and scooters.  edit
  • Splendid China & Chinese Folk Culture Village (深圳锦绣, 中华中国民俗文化村; Shēnzhèn Jǐnxiù Zhōnghuá, Zhōngguó Mín Wénhuà Cūn​​), (Hua Qiao Cheng Metro Station, exit D, about 200 meters). In two sections: The first part is a miniature park of copies of well known Chinese sites; Forbidden City, Terracotta Soldiers, Tibet Potala Palace, Huangshan Mountains, Yunnan's Stone Forest, the Great Wall of China. This park covers 300,000 square meters with forested and greenery. The other part consists of 56 houses, each representing one of the 56 nationalities in China, such as Miao, Yi, Bai, Mongol and Uygur. You can find here real people, culture, fashion, habits, religion and language. Uygur women twirl to Turkish music, Miaos dance, a miniskirted Ming Dynasty troupe performs electronic versions of Ming music and dance. A simulated Mongol horse battle held daily. The final Phoenix show is ticketed on holidays. Afterwards near closing time there is a techno-light water splash fight in the splash area. ¥150.  edit
Nightly Show, Windows of the World
  • Window of The World (世界之窗), 南山区华侨城深南大道 (Window of the World (世界之窗) Metro Station, Luobao Line), [8]. 9am - 10 pm. Travel around the world in one day. This 480,000 square meter park has a beautiful natural landscapes and wonderful lighting at night. Inside, you can climb the 1:3 ratio Eiffel Tower, Egyptian Pyramid, Pisa Tower, Taj Mahal of India, Grand Canyon, and other famous places of interest. There is also an indoor ski slope, paddle boats, and a flume ride. Every night there are dance shows based on themes of Chinese and world history. Hundreds of dancers perform on the outdoor stage. The performance finishes with a procession and fireworks at 9PM. ¥180.  edit

Beaches[edit]

Shenzhen has some of China's best beaches, many of them untouched stretches of National Park. In 2006, China-edition National Geographic Magazine named the Dapeng Peninsula, where most of Shenzhen's beaches are situated, as one of China's top ten most scenic coastlines.

  • Dameisha Beach (大梅沙). closes at 11pm. Free.  edit
  • Xiaomeisha Beach (小梅沙), (Right next to Dameisha, and smaller, but entry fee of 50yuan per person for no specific reason.). 24 hours. 50 yuan May-Oct, 35 yuan Nov-Apr.  edit
  • Jin Sha Wan Beach (金沙湾). From Shenzhen take one of several buses (e.g. 364, E11, or H92) to Dapeng Stn (大鵬站) in Wangmu (王母虛) Village in Dapeng. Then you can take a quick shuttle bus south to JinSha Beach. Entry is ¥10. On weekends and holidays the beach can be quite crowded. The sand is rather coarse and not particularly clean, but it can be fun to go here and people watch. Also it is interesting that you can look out and see East Ping Chau (東平洲) island just two miles off the coast, which is part of Hong Kong's New Territories.  edit
  • Longqi Wan Beach (龙栖湾).  edit
  • Judiaosha Beach.  edit
  • Shuitousha Beach.  edit
  • Nan'ao Beach (南澳沙滩).  edit
  • Xichong Beach (西冲海滩). Beautiful Xichong beach is located 1 hour 30 minutes from the downtown core, just past Dameisha. Less developed, this beach is much more peaceful and clean than other beaches in Shenzhen. Visit Sun Sailing for watersports or local fine dining.  edit

Concert halls and theatres[edit]

Shenzhen Concert Hall
  • Shenzhen Concert Hall (深圳音乐厅), 2016 Fuzhong 1st Rd, Futian 福田区福中一路2016号 (either Shi Min Zhong Xin (Civic Centre) or Shao Nian Gong (Children's Palace) Stns Lines 2 or 4. Bus 25, 228, 65, 111, 71, 64, Shao Nian Gong bus stop), Tickets +86 755 8284-1888 (09:00-20:00), [9]. See Shenzhen Library above. The Concert Hall hosts international standard performers in a glass-wrapped setting.  edit
  • Poly Theatre (保利剧院), Baoli Wenhua Square, Houhaibin Rd, Nanshan District (南山区后海滨路保利文化广场; Nán​shān​qū​ Hòu​hǎi​bīn​ Lù Bǎo​lì​ Wén​huà​Guǎng​chǎng​​) (Bus 70, 80, K113, 204, 217, 226, 230, 245, 369, 39), +86 755 8637-1698, 8637-1699 (, fax: +86 755 8628-7308), [10]. This is a more or less middle brow theatre specialising in musical theatre and often hosting Russian Army theatre troupes. The futuristic silver egg-shaped building alone makes it worth a visit.  edit
  • Grand Theatre.  edit
  • Shadu Song and Dance Hall.  edit
  • Shenzhen Cantonese Opera Troupe.  edit
  • Shenzhen Symphony Orchestra.  edit

Golf[edit]

Shenzhen is one of China's and indeed the world's great golfing Meccas. It boasts some of China's earliest golf courses. Mission Hills is the world's largest golf course and the scene of leading international tournaments.

  • Century Seaview Golf Club (世纪海景高尔夫求会), Yangchou Bay, Nan' ao Town, Longgang (龙岗区南澳洋畴湾), +86 755 8440-0888, [11]. An 18-hole PGA golf course set in beautiful mountain and sea surroundings near Nan'ao Town, Dapeng Peninsula.  edit
  • Longgang Public Golf Course (龙岗高尔夫), Next to the International Velodrome, He Keng, Henggang Town, Longgang District, +86 755 2893-7188. This course was the brainchild of a former Shenzhen Government official who wanted to bring golf to the masses. It is as an 18-hole 72 par course, situated on rolling hills in the Longgang District. The course founders wanted to keep green fees at 20-30% of commercial golf courses.  edit
  • Mission Hills Golf Course (观欄高尔夫), (Along the intersection of the Meiguan Expressway, the Guanshen Expwy and the Jinhe Expwy), +86 755 2802-0888, [12]. The world's biggest golf course with 216 holes. Each course is designed by a different world champion golfer. The Golf World Cup has granted a 12-year franchise to Mission Hills.  edit
  • OCT East Golf Club (东部华乔城高尔夫), OCT East, Dameisha (盐田区大梅沙东部华乔城) (Bus 53, 239, 103, 360, 364). Shenzhen's newest and poshest golf course. It has two 18-hole courses, each with its own luxury clubhouse. Set in mountains overlooking Dameisha and Mirs Bay.  edit
  • Shahe (Sand River) Golf Club (沙河高尔夫会), Shahe E Rd Nanshan (南山区沙河东路) (From the Huanggang Border crossing travel along Binhe/Binhai freeways to Shahe E Rd). Another favorite with the locals. It has 27 holes plus a nine hole night course under lights. Gary Player designed the course.  edit
  • Shenzhen Golf Club (深圳高尔夫俱乐部), Shennan Blvd, Futian District 福田区深南大道, +86 755 3308-888 (fax: +86 755 3304-992), [14]. This is one of China's two oldest golf courses. When it was established in 1985 it was way out in the country but now it is surrounded by skyscrapers, providing a pleasant oasis in the heart of Futian. This is where the locals prefer to play.  edit
  • Xili Golf Club, Tanglang Village Xili, Nanshan (南山区西丽针塘郎村), +86 755 2655-2888 (, fax: +86 755 2655-9793), [15]. This is a private club owned and managed by the Kuok family of Shangri-La fame. You will need an invitation to play here. It is worth getting it.  edit

Spas and massage[edit]

Shenzhen is a popular place for Hong Kong people to go to get a massage. Prices are low compared with Hong Kong, though generally higher than elsewhere in China. (洗脚 xǐ jiǎo) (which actually often consists of massaging your shoulders, back, arms, legs, and feet!) costs ¥25-50 for 60-80 minutes depending on the location, time of day, and establishment quality. A full-body massage (按摩 àn mó or 松骨 sōng gǔ) costs ¥50-150 for 90-120 minutes.

In recent years many large spa and massage complexes have appeared in Shenzhen. For an entrance fee of around ¥100 (waived if you purchase around ¥160 of spa and massage services) you get 24 hours of access to a spa pool, saunas, showers, baths, and other amenities depending on the facility such as a gym or pool. Paid services often include Internet access, billiards, and rentable "multi-purpose rooms" with KTV/karaoke and games. Complimentary items include drinks (sometimes restricted to juice) and fruit; food can be bought for ¥20–50 a plate. For around ¥50 for 45 minutes (not including a ¥10–30 tip and often a 10% service charge) you can have head, foot, leg, shoulder, back, or hand massage while lying in one of the many reclining chair-couches — two types at once if you wish — and watch personal TV, read a book, or relax. For around ¥150 you can have 90 minutes of full-body Chinese, Thai, or Hong Kong-style massage in a private room or with your friends. Chinese Medical Massage and aromatherapy oil massages are usually available at a premium. Masseuses and masseurs hail from various regions around China and are listed with pictures and statistics in catalogues and can be selected by number; very few speak any English.

Spa complexes can be found around the border crossings with Hong Kong, so as to cater to the relatively rich Hong Kong population looking to unwind. In the basement of the Luohu customs and immigration building (not the LCC mall) free shuttles are available to various spas. Some have themed waiting areas with price lists and facilities pictures. Some spas have representatives standing around to give out discount tickets (often ¥20) as an enticement.

Massages can be rather painful, especially on the feet! If you can endure it, you'll notice the lasting benefits. But if it is too much, you can say "Teng! Teng!" (pronounced like "tongue") to express your pain and make them ease up.

Caution: In most hotels, prostitution is widespread. In some seedier areas, "massage" may actually mean sex. Use your best judgment. See also the China article for information on massage.

Near Lok Ma Chau border crossing[edit]

  • Oriental Palm Spring International Spa Club, [16]. Refurbished with a strong Thai themed interior decor, you almost think you are in a Thailand resort especially on the new first floor. One of many big spas in the Futian area and well worth a try if you're not into shady/sordid services. OPS is known for providing excellent service, massages and Chinese cuisine.  edit
  • SLF International Spa Club, [17]. Branded as Water Cube, designed with an interior intended to resemble a higher end hotel. Although English is barely spoken by anybody, the staff are clearly trained to be first class and they try their best to be helpful — and sell massages, which cost ¥48 for 45 minutes of lounge-chair massage through ¥128–238 for 90 minutes of full-body massage in the usual styles, 10% service charge and tip separate. The spa is visible from the main street outside Lok Ma Chau border crossing and metro stop, and shuttles are available to Luo Wu and Huanggang border crossings. Gym, fruit, full drink menu including iced lemon tea and coffee, gym, and videogames complimentary; internet, karaoke and VIP room rental, billiards, table tennis, and of course food all charged separately.  edit

Near Luohu border crossing[edit]

  • Queen Spa. This spa is showing its age like an old resort hotel in Las Vegas, although it remains a popular tourist destination in part because it has the notable advantage of having English-speaking staff on duty and identified with clearly visible tags year-round. The entry fee of ¥98 is waived after ¥168 of spa services paid, not including the 10% service charge and tips of ¥10-30 per 45 minutes. Foot/head/leg massage is ¥56/45 min and Chinese massage ¥168/90min. Perks include a swimming pool, a gym, videogames, and free ice-cream and juice and fruit. Free WiFi and five-minute Internet terminals are available in the shared area. The spa has a range of VIP services available such as private Royal Club rooms with a semi-private second swimming pool and Rolls Royce transfers from Luohu (¥30) or the airport.  edit
  • Gold Coast Club, Bldg 1-4, Kaili Hotel, 2027 Jiabin Rd E, Luohu, [18]. Beautiful interior, entry fee of ¥138 with 10% service charge. Party room rental for ¥60/hour to ¥120/hour depending on size with karaoke and chess and games included.  edit
  • Sentosa International SPA Club. Shuttle available, offering in March '09 four hours of Chinese massage for ¥108 and ¥88 for any three types of foot/head/leg/etc massage.  edit
  • Zense. Shuttle available. Look for desk at Luo Ho station. Basically same prices as Queen Spa but a little bit newer  edit

Urban walking[edit]

Shennan Road's simplicity of route, consistently flat terrain and variety of nearby places of interest makes it great for urban walking enthusiasts. Covering its entire length in under 6 hours is very achievable. Such are the variety and number of nearby places of interest along it's route combined with frequency of opportunities for rest and / or refreshment, its easy to spend a full day out walking its length by those who wish to do so. Shennan Road has abundant metro stations as entry/exit points along its route for sightseers only walking part of its length.

Buy[edit][add listing]

Major credit cards (i.e. Visa, Masters, HSBC) are accepted throughout Shenzhen. But note that in many establishments only local Chinese and not International Visa etc cards are recognised. Ask first if they accept international cards. JCB and American Express have limited coverage. Cirrus, Plus & Maestro facilities allow owners to withdraw money from banks (but not all bank ATMs. Bank of China ATMs at all Metro stations accept foreign cards). Remember to activate your card for the pin usage. MixC has ATMs for some international credit cards, where cash can be withdrawn in those ATMs against your credit limit.

Bank of China, China Merchants Bank, and many but not all Chinese banks accept foreign cards. You may check with your bank to see if they have a local branch here. Most ATMs are open for 24 hours. Some are only opened if you swipe the card at the security doors.

At places in Luo Hu, cash is highly recommended. Some places charge an extra 10% for credit card purchases. The shop assistants will bring you to shops that have credit card processing machines. At shopping centers, remember to check with the cashiers to see if they accept credit cards before making purchases. There are few shopping centers that accept credit card with passport verification, though you may lose your discount on the purchase.

To avoid fraud please only buy storage (memory cards, USB sticks, SSD hard drives etc) from the reputable brand stores. Many street vendors in Shenzhen sell fake storage at seemingly low price - you can buy as 64Gb microSD card for $5, but once you copy 64Gb data into it, you'll find that all of it is corrupted, that its real capacity is much less (typically around 8Gb), and it just pretends to have much higher storage. At the very least, if you purchase such a card, before using it fill it up completely with meaningful data (such as pictures), and then see if any get corrupted.

Be careful when getting change from large notes as people may try to give you Hong Kong dollars instead of yuan. The Hong Kong dollar is worth less than yuan. 100-yuan note counterfeiting is also a big problem, so familiarise yourself with Chinese currency security features. Also, expect that most stores will check your notes carefully for counterfeiting, and if you are in a big hurry, have a lot of smaller notes.

For currency information, see the China page.

  • ÆON (永世). The Japanese supercenter and supermarkets. It has several locations in Shenzhen, next door to the CITIC Mall (中信广场), Metro: Ke Xue Guan, exit D, at Coco Park (Metro Gou Wu Gong Yuan) and in Coastal City (海岸城) Nanshan.  edit
  • B&Q 百安居. This English chain offers DIY supplies and goods for the home and garden. B&Q in Chinese  edit
  • Carrefour 家乐福, [19]. You will find food, wine, appliances, clothe, etc...There are 8 stores in Shenzhen and you just need to say "Jia le fu" to a taxi driver to take you there.  edit
  • Central Walk, (1 block away from the exhibition centre on Fuhua Rd. Take Metro to Exhibition Centre stop and Central Walk is located at exit B. 5-min walk from Coco Park). Another Shopping complex in Shenzhen. Three floors of mostly women's clothes shops arranged in a circle. Base tenant is Carrefour, but also has usual shops, eateries and a cinema.  edit
  • Coco Park, (near Gou Wu Gong Yuan Stn (购物公园)). New shopping mega complex. Sports, clothing, fashion, coffee, some restaurants, including "Norway.Oslo" which has some outdoor seating. When you get bored you can go outside and hit up McCawley's or the Mexican restaurant for dinner, then visit any of a number of bars just across the street from the mall. Coco Park is close to the Shenzhen Convention Exhibition Center.  edit
  • Decathlon 迪卡侬. The French sports supplies retailer Decathlon has got more than 30 stores in the country in all major cities. You will find 2 stores in Shenzhen. [20]  edit
  • Dong Men Pedestrian Street (东门步行街; Dōngménxíng Jiē), (Lao Jie Stn, exit A). The place to go for clothes and small-ticket items. This place is better than Luohu Commercial City in terms of price and range of items. Other than several department stores, most are smaller stalls. The price is cheap, even at local standards. You can easily spend a day there.  edit
2005 view of Hua Qiang Bei from Lychee Park. SEG Plaza dominates the photo skyline.
Shenzhen Metro Huaxin Station is at one end of Hua Qiang Road.
  • Hua Qiang, (between Hongli Road and and Shennan Blvd; Huaxin metro exit A2 and Huaqiang metro exit A are at either end. Huaqiang Road North metro is part way along.). This kilometre long pedestrian street is the place for anything electronic. This is the global electronics industry's absolute epicentre and you can buy anything electronic here. There are dozens of buildings each with many floors of small stalls selling electronics items. It's possible to spend days walking around here going through every floor on every building looking at electronics products. Most buildings are set up so that there are two floors with wholesale components and the rest is dedicated to consumer goods. Accessories like keyboards are mice usually on the top floors, and there a many recycling, cell phone, and electronics repair centres. This area is especially interesting if you are a tech geek since its is also a manufacturing centre, wholesale distribution area, and recycling center so you can see cell phones get made from parts. Some buildings stock a particular type of item. e.g. One devotes itself to stealth and security. Local smart phones, Android tablets, LED's, and cables each have an entire building devoted entirely to them. If haggling isn't your thing, you can also get consumer electronics at Suning. Gome, Sundan and branded cell phone stores at the street's northern end. Most smaller stores close from around 6 p.m; brand name shops open until 9 p.m. Dozens of small eateries around Huaqiang Bei include a (very) budget priced, Buddhist all-vegan eatery called Pure and Happy round the corner from Huaxin metro exit B and an inexpensive, long opening hours Indian place called Namaste near Huaqiang North metro exit C. Generally speaking the prices for global brands are the same as in other places. There are deals to be found in local non-branded smart phones and tablets which are often 50% the price of global brands. Accessories are extremely cheap, and you can buy thinks like cables, LED's, and flash cards in bulk. Chain stores offer upfront/no-haggle prices and international warranties. The small stalls do not list prices so you should use the web to look up prices for goods before you buy. Most merchants wholesale if you seek to bulk buy. Also, there are products unavailable anywhere else (like a computer keyboard made of bamboo or a cell phone shaped like a racing car).  edit
    • SEG Electronics Market, (At the corner of Huaqiang Rd and Shennan Blvd, Huaqianglu Stn). A huge market for all things electronic. The first two floors are components (ICs, wires, switches, etc.) and the other 4 floors will supply you with any electronic device your heart desires.//  edit
    • Mingtong Electronics Market, (Few minutes from the SEG market). Houses watch parts, electronic toys, and mobile phone parts.  edit
  • Jiahua Foreign Trade Clothing Market, 广东省深圳市福田区华强北路2007号 No.2007, Huaqiang N Rd, Futian District (How to get there: take the subway to Huagiang Road, and take exit a. Walk north along Huaqiang Lu and once you cross Zhenhua Road go past NICO Womens World and in between NICO and MOI you’ll see a wide lane way that leads to the market. (from shenzhenshopper.com)). Series of stalls selling lots of cheap clothing. It's not quite as huge as Luohu Commercial City, but it's worth a look. low.  edit
  • KingGlory Plaza, (Guo Mao Stn, exit A). A mall, along the lines of MixC. It is fairly high priced. It includes a movie theater as well as the "IN" bar/nightclub (that's the name of it) and "Yellow" bar. Eight floors connected by criss-crossed escalators give you enough stores to stay occupied for a few hours. Lots of restaurants in the sub-ground levels. Connected by a walkway to Rainbow Mall. There's a Pacific Coffee on the ground floor.  edit
  • Luohu (Cantonese Lo Wu) Commercial City, (Just across from the Hong Kong border; Luohu Metro Stn, exit A). Offers a very different shopping experience to Hong Kong and can perhaps be worth a visit if only spending a short time in China. Spread over several levels are many small stores, each selling similar products: watches, jewellery, handbags, clothes and DVDs. These products are rarely authentic but are sometimes well made, detailed fakes. There are many stallholders pressuring shoppers to part with their money but the atmosphere is one of enjoyable bartering. This is the place to go for Western sizes in clothing and shoes. This is also a place to have massages and nails done. Note, Luohu Commercial City is rough, dirty and infested with touts. If you press on further you will be rewarded to find Luohu Commercial City does not represent Shenzhen.  edit
  • MixC Shopping Mall, (Da Ju Yuan Stn, exit C-3). The largest (and easily the most expensive) shopping mall in Shenzhen. Highlights include the following: Olympic size indoor Ice Skating Rink, Golden Harvest Cinema movie theater, Ole (high end supermarket with many imported items), F&B outlets  edit
  • OCT Loft Market, OCT Loft (Get off at Qiaocheng East Station 侨城东站. Go out exit A. Turn right and walk till you reach a gas station. Turn right again and keep going straight for about 3 blocks.). Morning to Early Afternoon. The first Sunday of every month, OCT Loft holds an open air market for local artists. There are some regulars, but stalls change every month. People sell hand made jewellery, clothes, photographs, prints, post cards, and other crafts. Not the cheapest place to shop, but you can get a set of hand drawn post cards for about 20 RMB which make great souvenirs. Some artists will let you bargain.  edit
  • Shekou, (Buses 113, K113, 204, K204 and 328 West to the end of the line). The expat hangout with much Westerners may be accustomed too.  edit
Book City
  • Shenzhen Book City, Fu Zhong Rd 1, Futian District (Shao Nian Gong Stn (少年宫站), a.k.a. Children's Palace, exit C or D). This is a huge bookstore with enormous selection of books, music, movies and multimedia products. It bills itself as the biggest bookshop in the world. There is a small shop which specialises in English books, Eon Books. The DVD and CD section sells more or less legal versions of excellent movies at prices slightly higher than you will pay to street vendors. This often reflects better quality (but not always). Make sure you go on Sunday mornings when story telling competitions are held for children between the ages of 4 and 8. You may not be able to understand a word but they are cute.  edit
  • Shun Hing Square ((Diwang Building)). On Shennan Road, across from the MixC. Go to the Da Juyuan (大剧院) metro station. The shopping center is actually very small, with just a few stores on three small levels, but it's in an area of town with lots of other attractions, so you might dart in to see what's to be found.  edit
  • Tea World Terminal Market, (Close to Lo Wu/Luohu Stn, from Shenzhen railway station, walk up Jian She Rd, and it will be on your right side, outside stairs leading up to 1F). A whole warehouse with many stores selling all things related to tea. Wonderful selection of everything from Pu'er-teas to tea-ware. They seem not to be focused on selling to tourists but they still take time with you if you want to go through the tea ceremonies. A slightly smaller warehouse, still with at least 50 shops over two floors, is at the other end of town, near Houhai metro station - just walk from Houhai metro station to the pedestrian zone stretching east about 1 km until you reach MOI department store / Shenzhen Book City book store (on Haide 2nd Rd, between Nanhai Ave and Wenxin 2nd Rd), then walk into in the small street (Wenxin 1st Road Pedestrian St) opposite Shenzhen Book City, after about 200 on the left, you'll find the tea warehouse.  edit
  • Walmart. Currently there are 8 stores but more are being built all the time. Also check out Sam's Club (山母会员店). Sam's is a favorite shopping choice for Shenzhen's enormous and ever growing bourgeoisie and it's fun watching them. Be warned. They can be scary on a busy Sunday evening. Sam's membership is ¥150. Walmart's China HQ is in Xiangmi Hu (香密湖), above an enormous mall/cinema complex which includes a Sam's Club. Make sure you check out the crocodile of which there is always one at the fish counter.  edit

Eat[edit][add listing]

Shenzhen being a migrant city, all of China's regional cuisines are represented here. Restaurants range from hole-in-the-wall establishments for homesick working class arrivals to opulent food palaces for businessmen and politicians entertaining clients. If you are a foreigner, spending ¥100 on a fantastic meal is no problem (though, you can spend ¥35 or less on a fantastic meal in Shenzhen). Treat yourself, and enjoy the wonderful food and variety of Shenzhen! There are a lot of bars and restaurants in Shekou which is the main residential zone for Shenzhen's sizable Western expatriate community. There are plenty of eateries in the Hua Qiang Bei area.

Overseas Chinese Town (OCT) is famous for its numerous dining options, including some of Shenzhen's Korean restaurants. All are within easy walking distance from Hua Qiao Cheng (OCT) Metro Station, behind the recently opened InterContinental Shenzhen Hotel.

Shenzhen has abundant vegetarian eateries. Many of these are all-vegan in what they offer and most are at least vegan-friendly.[64]

Budget[edit]

As well as casual restaurants and fine dining, Shenzhen has its "Eat Streets". Eat Streets are agglomerations of cheap, in-elaborate restaurants serving food from all over China usually high in sugar, salt and saturated fat. Different Eat Streets often specialise in food from different parts of China. Some of the best known are included below.

The least expensive, best value eateries in Shenzhen are often self-serve, all-you-can-eat buffets in Buddhist run restaurants.

The most inexpensive options for vegetarians are the lower priced, sometimes huge, healthy, all-you-can-eat vegetarian buffet restaurants in Shenzhen run by Buddhists. Some of these serve only vegan produce charging less than 20 rmb per person.

  • Bagua First Road Eat Street (八卦一路食街), Bagua First Rd, Futian 福田区八卦一路 (Bus 7, 13, 24, 105 Ba Gua Er Lu 八卦二路or Kang Tai Wu Le Cheng 康泰吴乐城bus stops). This was Shenzhen's first Eat Street. Food was originally Cantonese brought by homesick Hong Kong factory owners. Cantonese as well as pan-China food. Snake is available in season (October to January) here.  edit
  • Che Gong Miao Eat Street (车公庙食街), Terra Industrial Zone, Futian District 福田区泰然工业区 (车公庙地铁站 Che Gong Miao Stn). Szechuan, Hunan and Taiwanese food here. There is also a Macau style restaurant  edit
  • Dongmen Food Street (东门食街), 2001 Jiefang Rd Luohu 罗湖区动门老街解放路标2001号 (Bus 102, 103, 113, 203. (Buses stop in Dong Men Zhong Lu. Walk along one of the pedestrian streets near the Dong Men footbridge to get to the shopping area.) Metro:Lao Jie lines 1 and 3). There's the usual Cantonese, Sichuan and Hunanese but there's also Thai, Southeast Asian and even German. This eat street is chaotic, has intrusively loud music blaring out of shop speaker systems that is difficult to talk over and electric bikes swarming on the pavement are a public menace.  edit
  • Donghai Koreatown Eat Street (东海韩国城食街), East Pacific Gardens Blvd, Xiangmi Hu 福田区香蜜湖东海花园东海坊 (Che Gong Miao Stn). Shenzhen's leading Koreatown. Lots of Kimchi and bulgogi among other dishes.  edit
  • Gangxia Village Eat Street (岗下村食街), Gangxia Village Futian 福田区岗下村 (Gang Xia Stn). One of the earliest and most diverse Eat Streets. It specialises in Beijing, Shanghai, Yunnan and Ningxia/Gansu Muslim minority food  edit
  • Good Vegetarian, 3071 Renmin N Rd, Luohu District (Located in the food court at Shaibu Metro station, exit A2 (blue line 3).), +86-75582337478. Mon-Sun 11:00am-1:30pm, 5:30pm-8:00pm. All-vegan Buddhist restaurant. 12 item all-you-can-eat buffet lunch that's tough to beat if looking for inexpensive food. A la carte and set deals for dinner starting at same price as lunch. Free wifi. 18 rmb lunch buffet, Dec 2018.  edit
  • Huaqiang Bei Eat Street (华强北食街), Huaqiang N Rd Futian 福田区华强北路. The food's in the streets and alleys parallel to Huaqiang Bei. Hunan and Chaozhou are specialities. There are several shops specialising in Uighur "nan" bread. An alley behind the main street specialises in Moslem food  edit
  • Hubei Village Eat Street (湖贝村食街), Hubei Village Luohu District 罗湖区湖贝村 (Bus 2, 10, 29, 104, 205, 220, 223, 311, 312). Hong Kong style seafood restaurants are the mainstay of this Eat Street set in the heart of an old Cantonese village in the heart of Luohu. Also north-west China Moslem food of which there is plenty  edit
  • Jing Le Ju (Pure and Happy) Vegetarian Restaurant (净乐居素菜馆), Ground floor, No. 99, Hua Qiang Bei Lu 华强北路99号群星广场购物中心1层 (一宛云吞旁,群星广场B座西北) (Subway Line 3/7 Huaxin Station Exit B walk 280 m 地铁3/7号线华新站B出口步行280米). Kitchen open 11.35 - 21.00 every day except Chinese New Year. Buddhist, all-vegan, inexpensive food near the electronics shops at Hua Qiang Bei. A keen to please, friendly gent named Lee does everything running this one man operation. English spoken as well as Mandarin and Cantonese. Free wifi. Walk straight ahead out Huaxin metro exit B then turn right into the passageway that goes through the building on that side of the street. Then on coming out the other end of the passageway, turn left into the next street and Pure and Happy is on the right hand side of the street. Set deals from 24 rmb.  edit
  • Miao Ji Xiang Vegetarian (妙吉祥素食馆), Ground floor, 2 Shai Bu Rd, Luohu District 晒布路 2号 (晒布地铁站D1出口前行20米) (From Shaibu metro exit D1 (blue line 3) walk straight ahead. Miao Ji Xiang is approx 50 m at the 2nd building on the right), +86 755 2888 7262. Mon-Sun 11:00am-2:00pm, 5:00pm-8:30pm. All-vegan self serve buffet of 50+ items. Bargain priced Buddhist resto setting a standard in terms of value for money. Staff have been known sometimes to offer impromptu discounts to customers arriving less than 15 mins before buffet closure when less items are available. While the resto section seems all-vegan, some mock meats items in the shop section have non-vegan ingredients listed (mock meats don't get used in the restaurant buffet). 23 rmb 2019 price.  edit
  • Nanyuan Rd Eat Street (南园食街), Nan Yuan Rd, Nan Yuan Village Futian behind CITIC Plaza,福田区南园路南园村 (Ke Xue Guan Stn (Line 1)). Uighur food; lots of lamb and kebabs  edit
  • Renmin South Eat Street (人民南路).  edit
  • Shuiwei Village and Huanggang Village Eat Streets (水匡村, 皇岗村食街). Listed together here because it's ambiguous where one stops and the other starts. Cantonese food.  edit
  • Xinwen Rd Eat Street (新闻街食街), Xinwen St Xiangmihu, just behind the Special Zone Press Tower 福田区香蜜湖新闻街 (Xiang Mi Hu Stn). Some journalists eat here. Good Heilongjiang, Jiangxi, Northern and Hunan food  edit
  • Yantian Eat Street (盐田食街), Yantian Seafood St, Yantian 盐田区盐田海鲜食街. Dine amongst the container cranes. The theme is Hong Kong style seafood, allegedly fresh from the markets next door. You choose the fish from the tanks, they cook it how you like it  edit

Mid-range[edit]

There is a continuous area of restaurants below the street between Shopping Park (serving the Ping An Finance Centre and southern entrance of Futian station) and Convention & Exhibition Centre metro stations serving a wide variety of tastes.

  • Just Vegan, 4/F Landmark Shopping Centre, Shennan East Rd, Luohu District (Grand Theater metro exit C near Shun Hing Square 'Di Wang Tower'), +86 755 8860 1679. 10 am - 9 pm. All-vegan international food. Contemporary food and decor. Easy to find in Landmark Shopping Centre adjoined to Shun Hing Square 'Di Wang Tower'. Free wifi. 70 rmb.  edit
  • The Kitchen Futian, Shopping Park Shop 144, Shopping Park Stn Exit B, Min Tian Rd, Futian 深圳市福田区民田路购物公园北园公交车接驳站路边站台 (Exit B of Shopping Park Metro Station, turn left when exited through B, then up 2 sets of escalators, then right, then straight down the narrow corridor, and then left when you reach the corridor's end and it should be on your left. If you reach the main road, you have gone too far. It is just next to Club Viva), +86 755 2531-3860, [21]. Open for lunch and closes at 23:30 weekdays and 01:30 weekends. Western food such as "super burger" & steaks. Sells wine. ¥50-8 for a starter, and ¥70-220 for a main.  edit
  • Laurel Restaurant (丹桂轩), 1/F, Portofino Club House,OCT Xiang Shan St, Nanshan District (南山香山街波托菲诺会所), +86 755 2600-3218. 08:00-23:00.  edit Chain restaurant.
  • Milano Italian Restaurant, Anhui Building, Shennan Ave, Xiangmihu 深圳市福田区(车公庙)深南大道6007号创展中心,安徽大厦,首层. Italian food as the name suggests.  edit
  • 10 Gong Guan (10号公馆), 10 Qiaochen W Rd, Nanshan District (侨城西路10号鸿波酒店), +86. 07:30-23:30. Dim sum restaurant.  edit
  • Modern Toilet Restaurant, 2F Jiefang Lu 1004 Dongmen Buxing (Laojie Stn). Taiwanese chain's first branch on the mainland. Toilet themed restaurant, featuring toilets as seats and squatter toilet plates. Food is nothing special and costs about ¥25-35/dish, but come after dinner with a friend and bring the camera for the ¥10 chocolate ice cream. The surrounding Laojie commercial district goes from cosmopolitan to near-dystopian in the course of about two hours every evening.  edit
  • Warehouse, COCOpark atrium, L1-B2, 268 Fuhua 3rd road, +86 400-833-1128. 24 inch pizzas, pasta and beer in a contemporary location. ¥40-300 for a pizza, and ¥40-60 for a fresh pasta.  edit
  • Yunlaiju (Windlucky) (云来居素食馆), 4/F, Dongmen Ding Plaza, Yong Le Street, Dongmen, Luohu 深圳罗湖区东门永新街东门町广场4楼 (Laojie metro, exit A), +86 755 8238 3253. Mon-Sun 10:00am-09:30pm. Hunnan style all-vegan food. Relaxing setting and vibe. Laojie branch of a small restaurant chain. Free wifi. 65 rmb.  edit
  • Yunlaiju (Windlucky) (云来居素食馆), 2007 Nanshan Avenue, 6/F, Yilida Building, Nanshan 亿利达大厦 6楼 , 2007 南山大道, 南山区. Mo - Su 10 am - 10 pm. Hunnan style all-vegan food. Relaxing setting and vibe. Nanshan branch of a small restaurant chain. Free wifi. 65 rmb.  edit
  • Yunlaiju (Windlucky) (云来居素食馆), Level 2, Block B, Shekou Huanchuan Square, Shekou 云来居素食馆 at 南山区蛇口海上世界环船广场B区208 (Sea World metro exit A), +86 755 3690 2168. Mon-Sun 10:00am-9:30pm. Hunnan style all-vegan food. Relaxing setting and vibe. Shekou branch of small restaurant chain. Free wifi. 65 rmb.  edit
  • Xiao Fei Yang (lit. Little Plump Lamb). Lamb meat imported from Mongolia. It is a hot pot based on Mongol cuisine. There are other meats and vegetable ingredients for the hot pot on the menu as well. One type of hot pot is called Yuan Yang. The hot pot is separated into two halves, one half contains normal non-spicy soup stock and the other half contains Ma la (literal translation "numbing spicy") soup stock. There are several locations around Shenzhen, which appear to have varying levels of quality, service and English speaking waiters, albeit at the same price. Restaurant (with English menus) 3 mins walk north of Guomao station at the intersection of Shennan East Road and Renmin South Road. Be prepared to queue at peak hours  edit

Splurge[edit]

  • Celebrity Club (名人俱乐部; Míngrén Jù​​), 28 Nongyuan Rd, Futian District (福田区农园路28号; Fú​tián Qqū​ Nóng​yuán​ Lù​), +86 755 8370-1003. Specializing in Cantonese food such as dim sum.  edit
  • Prince Kitchen, 5-6/F, CITIC Plaza, 1093 Shennan Zhong Rd. Serves fantastic mix of Japanese, Thai, Chinese and Steaks. Dark interior.  edit

Drink[edit][add listing]

Tap Water is safe to drink in the Meilin district and several nearby districts, but probably not in the area where you are staying. Use the free bottled water or distilled water provided by your hotel or buy some. It's easily available in all convenience stores. However, if you are buying water for 5 RMB a bottle, you are getting majorly ripped off.

If you want to drink beer, Tsing Tao is brewed across China and available internationally. Shenzhen's own Kingway Beer (金威啤酒) is brewed in two locations in Shenzhen and available for ¥3.50 per can or ¥3.80 for a large bottle.

Places to drink[edit]

Coco Park downtown in Futian is Shenzhen's bar and nightclub epicentre similar to Lan Kwai Fong being so in Hong Kong. Shopping Park metro station exit G is sign posted for Coco Park. Coco Park has a variety of bars packed into the block including:

  • 3D Bar, Block B, Bar Street, Citic Plaza, 1093 Shennan Road (Futian). Guinness is available on tap. There are also many other international beers available (bottled mainly). The outside tables along the walkway are for a quiet drink, the inside tables and the outside tables closest to the front door are, if you're looking for a livelier atmosphere, better  edit
  • Base Bar, 1019 Shangbu S Rd, Futian District (福田区上步南路1019号; Fú​tián​ Qū​ Shàngbù​ Nán​ Lù​​) (Accessible from Ke Xue Guan Stn, not far from Party City). A live rock music venue. There are three-sided booths along the walls for larger groups. A variety of acts play into the early morning. Waitstaff wear Communist Star armbands. Door cover can sometimes run up to ¥100, cocktails from ¥30 , bottles of Jim Bean ¥380.  edit
  • Le Nest, 深圳市福田区民田路购物公园北园C区144号, +86 755 8338-8909, [22]. Among the biggest clubs in Shenzhen  edit
  • McCawley's Irish Bar & Restaurant, (Shekou, Futian). Irish managed & themed bar.  edit
  • Plush ((Bling Bling)). Smaller bar on the bar street just north of Coco Park shopping mall. Frequented by Chinese and foreigners. .  edit
  • Viva, (Coco Park). Just north of Coco Park shopping mall. It's in the middle of the block, though, so you might need to cut through the bus station or ask someone standing around where it is. Frequented by Chinese and foreigners.  edit


Futian (other than Coco Park):

  • Ibiza, (Hua Qiang Bei). An European style two-story pub. Frequented by Chinese and foreigners. ¥30 per bottle of beer.  edit
  • XPats Bar, FL1016 St Lvl Eastern Sidewalk Central Walk Mall 福田取中心城大中华大厦对面 (Exit B Hui Zhan Zhong Xin Stn). In Central Walk, top floor on the right hand walkway (outside the building) directly opposite the Great China Building. Food from the NYPD Pizza next door. Big screen sporting coverage.  edit

Luohu:

  • Kingway, (LuoHu). Beer factory and beer garden.  edit
  • Soho, Jiabin Rd, Luohu.  edit
  • Yes Bar, (LuoHu).  edit

Nanshan:

  • Suzy's Lounge Bar, 120 Coastal City East Block, Wexin 6th Rd, Nanshan District (near the Kempinski Hotel), +86 755 8629-0169, [23]. 17:00-03:00. A late night lounge bar serving local and imported drinks, light snacks, and also offers customers a pool table and plenty of TV sets to watch from. Staff speak English.  edit
  • Vrumm (威隆), Houhai metro station, exit E (facing Poly Theatre). Bar in Nanshan CBD.  edit

Qiao Cheng Dong: Many places around here are any of an alternative, arty and / or hip scene:

  • C:UNION, (Metro to Qiao Cheng Dong, exit A, walk right and then take a right at Enping St, btwn Sinopec and the Konka building. Continue straight ahead and you will arrive at a courtyard). A great place to discover Shenzhen's surprisingly vibrant alternative community. A variety of live bands from around China and sometimes abroad perform here every Saturday night, followed by a dj playing electronic music. Shows start around 8PM. You can also check out the surrounding neighborhood whose restaurants and small art outlets create a hip vibe along the brick pedestrian roads. Drinks from ¥30.  edit
  • OCT LOFT, (LuoHu). Redeveloped Arts Area by Qiaocheng Dong Metro Station  edit

Shekou - The Peninsula in Shenzhen's South-West:

  • Beer Paradise, (Shekou). Beer bar.  edit
  • The Beatles, (SeaWorld, Shekou). Pool table, DJ & Live band every night & KTV Room.  edit
  • George and Dragon, Shop No.3, Taizi Lu 5, Shekou (Behind the Taizi Hotel opposite from the Seaworld Square), +86 755 2669-8564 (). 10am-midnight. British themed pub in Shekou serving food and drink.  edit
  • Jordans Bar & Restaurant, Shop 55 Rose Garden II, Shekou | 深圳市南山蛇口南海玫瑰花园2门口55号, +86 755 2668-6040. Sheesha and specialty in Middle Eastern cuisine  edit
  • Mary's Bar, (Shekou).  edit
  • Shekou Sports and Social Club (The Snake Pit), G16, Taizi Square, Shekou (Sea World Stn, Exit D), [24]. Family oriented expat hangout. (22°29' 15 N,113° 54' 34 E) edit
  • The Terrace, Seaworld Square, Shekou, +86 755 2682-9105 (fax: +86 755 26828157). Live music and food prepared by Thai chefs. Indoor and outdoor seating.  edit
  • X-Ta-Sea Sports Bar & Restaurant, Shekou, Sea World (Inside the Minghua ship at Sea World in Shekou, next to the Cruise Inn Hotel lobby), +86 755 2686-7649, [25]. Features live rock music Tuesday through Saturdays by house band Kaktooz. Amenities include multiple TV screens, Foosball, darts, pool tables, a restaurant menu of mostly Western-style food, and free Wi-Fi.  edit

Windows of the World:

  • Vbar, (Windows of the World, (on the 3F of the Venice Hotel)).  edit

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Some listings on airbnb state, "No foreigners". This isn't racism at play by the host; it is the host observing the law. If a non-Chinese national stays as an airbnb guest, both the guest and the host are breaking the law and liable to prosecution.

Note: At Spring Festival (late-Jan to Feb), prices usually double or substantially increase. Unlike other cities, however, the explosive development of hotels in Shenzhen means rooms, while more expensive, will generally still be available even at the busiest times, and hotels are much, much cheaper than HK or Macau.

Unlike other places, the rates offered by the online websites are usually higher (and in some cases much higher) than the rates you can get if you directly show up at the counter, but you should balance that with the convenience of having a booked room when you arrive. There is heavy competition between hotels and you will see hotels next to each other advertise specials.

Wheelchair friendliness[edit]

Handiscoverworld says of Shenzhen, "You can find great hotels and apartments in Shenzhen that offer accommodations to those with a disability. Many hotels of one star and up provide wheelchair service to their customers. Call ahead to ensure that the accommodation of your choice can meet your specific requirements. You will enjoy a large selection of holiday rentals in Shenzhen that fit every budget, whether you are travelling alone or with a large group."[65]

Budget[edit]

  • Guest House (深圳迎宾馆; Yíng Bīnguǎn​​), (At the centre of the busy Dongmen Commercial Area). 3-star hotel with 584 well-kept guestrooms. Business and leisure facilities are also available. Listed rates for doubles from ¥260, discounted from ¥190.  edit
  • Home Inn. Biggest economy hotel chain in China has several branches in Shenzhen including:  edit
* Bao An Station (如家快捷酒店 (深圳宝安汽车站店); Rújiākuàijié Jiǔdiàn (Bǎo'ān Qìchēzhàn Diàn)), 宝安25区前进一路海雅百货旁.  edit
* Dongmen (如家快捷酒店 (深圳东门店); Rújiākuàijié Jjiǔdiàn (Dōngmén Diàn)), 2028 Wenjin Middle Rd, Luohu District (罗湖区文锦中路2028号; Luó​hú​qū​ Wén​jǐn​ Zhōng​ Lù)​.  edit
* Guomao (如家快捷酒店 (深圳国贸店); Rújiākuàijié Jiǔdiàn (Guómào Diàn)), 罗湖区人民南路2011号.  edit
* Railway Station (如家快捷酒店 (深圳火车站店); Rújiākuàijiéjiǔdiàn (Huǒchēzhàn Diàn)), 罗湖区滨河大道交和平路渔民村小区内.  edit
* Shenzhen Luohu Kou'an (如家快捷酒店 (深圳罗湖口岸店); Rújiākuàijié Jiǔdiàn (Luó Kǒu'àn Diàn)), 1064 Yanhe Nan Rd, Luohu District (罗湖区沿河南路1064号; Luó​hú​ Qū​ Yánhé​ Nán Lù)​​​.  edit
* Xinzhou (如家快捷酒店 (深圳新洲店); Rújiākuàijiéjiǔdiàn (Xīnzhōu Diàn)), 315 Shiji Gongyi Pin Jiaoyi Shichang Bldg, Xinzhou S Rd, Futian District (福田区新洲南路世纪工艺品交易市场315楼; Fú​tián Qū​ Xīn​zhōu​ Nán​ Lù​ Shì​jì Gōng​yì Pǐn​ Jiāo​yì​ Shì​chǎng​ Lóu)​​.  edit
* Zhuzilin (如家快捷酒店 (深圳竹子林店); Rújiākuàijié Jiǔdiàn (Zhúzilín Diàn)), 福田区竹子林益华大厦.  edit
  • LOFT International Youth Hostel. Modern place in the YHA China franchise, with keycards, free wi-fi, and a nearby supermarket. The hostel can be a bit difficult to find as from the metro station it's on the far side of a redeveloped commercial estate. Dorm beds ¥50-60, Doubles ¥178, bigger suites under ¥400.  edit
  • Notting Hill Hostel诺丁山青年旅舍, No.62 Xinghua 2nd Rd Shenzhen, Guangdong 518101 China, +86 13434493368, [26]. checkin: 12:00 PM - 6:00 PM; checkout: Until 12:00 PM. Located in Shenzhen, 8 km from Happy Valley Theme Park Shenzhen, Notting Hill Hostel features air-conditioned rooms with free WiFi throughout the property. ¥50-200.  edit

Mid-range[edit]

  • Empire Hotel (深圳新王朝酒店; Shēnzhèn Xīn Wángcháo Jiǔdiàn​​), 1052 Aiguo Rd, Luohu District (罗湖区爱国路1052号; Luó​hú​ Qū​ àiguó Lù​), +86 21 6122-6688, ext. 7800 (). A 4-star hotel featuring cozy, fully furnished guest rooms, multifunction conference room, business center, health club, and restaurant. Listed rates for doubles from ¥880, discounted from ¥248.  edit
  • Golden Lustre Hotel (金碧酒店), 春风路3002号, +86 755 8225-2888, [27]. checkout: 14:00. 4 star hotel, their cheapest rooms start at ¥300, they also have a pool. ¥300.  edit
  • Grand Mercure Oriental Ginza (深圳东方银座美爵酒店), (In the Futian business district, next to Zhuzlin metro station and 20 minutes from the airport).  edit
  • Holiday Inn. Very new and clean hotel, excellent services. Also includes free WiFi internet access. The staff speak English reasonably well.  edit
  • Somerset Grandview Shenzhen, No.5 Xinsha Road, Futian District, Shenzhen 518048, +86 755 8228 3088 (), [28]. .Serviced apartments ranging from studios to 3-bedroom units and consist of a fully-equipped kitchen, washing machines and dryers, separate living and dining areas.  edit
  • InterContinental (深圳华侨城洲际大酒店), 9009 Shennan Ave (Shennan Dadao), Overseas Chinese Town Nanshan. A five star hotel with a fine selection of foods including Chinese, Mediterranean, Italian and Seafood. Basic ¥1,498-1,678, deluxe ¥1,648-5,678.  edit
  • Jin Jiang Shenzhen Airlines Hotel, [29]. checkin: ""checkout="". A five-star hotel with elegant rooms with city views, banquet hall, conference rooms, health club with indoor pool, and room service.  edit
  • Lee Garden Inn (深圳丽苑酒店; Shēnzhènyuàn Jiǔdiàn), 2048 Dongmen Zhong Rd, Luohu District (罗湖区东门中路2048号‎; Luó​hú​ Qū​ Dōng​mén​ Zhōng​ Lù​), [30]. 3-star hotel with 100 guest rooms for business travelers. Conference facilities and broadband internet are available.  edit
  • Master Hotel. A four-star hotel offering 130 guest rooms. Each room is fitted with a living room and kitchen, and boasts broadband internet connectivity and other upscale amenities. Facilities include a business center, restaurant, shopping arcade, and fitness center.  edit
  • Novotel Bauhinia (深圳博林诺富特酒店). A 4 star hotel.  edit
  • Novotel Westgate (深圳万德诺富特酒店), 1019 Middle Shennan Rd (Shennan Zhong Lu), +86 757 8828-6768, [31]. Located in the heart of Shenzhen's well-known financial district and on the popular Shennan Zhong Road, the Novotel Watergate Shenzhen (Shenzhen Wande Nuofute Jiudian) is well positioned as an international business hotel.  edit
  • Orient Fashion Hotel, Huafa Bldg, Zhenxin Rd, Futian District, [32]. A 4-star business hotel with 140 guest rooms furnished with the essential amenities the traveling executive needs. The hotel also houses a multi-purpose conference room, that can accommodate up to 150 guests, and bar and restaurant.  edit
  • Orient Sunseed Hotel (深圳东方山水酒店; Shēnzhèn Dōngfāng Shānshuǐ Jiǔdiàn), 88 Qianhai S Rd, Nanshan District (南山区前海南路88号; Nán​shān​ Qū​ Qián​hǎi​ Nán​ Lù​) (At the conjunction of Fuyong and Haoye Rds, Qiaotou Tongfuyu Industrial Area, Fuyong Town), +86 755 2991-2222 (), [33]. Air-conditioned rooms with cable TV, wet bar, hair dryer, electric kettle, telephone, private toilet and bath, shower, bathrobe, and complete bathroom amenities. Rates start at ¥311.  edit
  • Oriental Ginza, Futian District. Four star hotel with excellent service, English speaking staff, and services for both business and leisure travelers. Also includes free internet access. You can get a huge room for less than US$60/night.  edit
  • Windsor Hotel (温莎酒店), 2062 Nanxin Rd, Nanshan District. While a little far out of the way staff seem friendly (although English is limited) and the hotel is quiet and clean. It offers sizeable doubles with air conditioning, private bathrooms and free internet (they provide the cable). From ¥168.  edit

Splurge[edit]

  • Ascott Maillen (深圳雅诗阁美伦服务公寓), No 3 Yanshan Rd, Nanshan District, +86 755 2160-0188 (, fax: +86 755 2160-0199), [34]. The residence offers 199 apartments ranging from designer studios to luxury penthouses. Every apartment has private balconies, a kitchen, LCD television and an integrated home entertainment system. Work from home with high-speed broadband internet access and business support services. From ¥1,500.  edit
  • Crowne Plaza Hotel, (near Window of the World Train station). A five star hotel with nice facilities, seasoned staff and excellent service.  edit
  • Futian Shangri-La (深圳福田香格里拉大酒店; Shēnzhèntián Xiāngjiǔdiàn), 4088 Yitian Rd, Futian District (福田区益田路4088号; Fú​tián​qū​ Yì​tián​lù​), +86 755 8828-4088 (, fax: +86 755 8828-4388), [35]. Rooms with TV in bathroom, internet access, iPod connector, coffee-making facilities, mini-bar and safe. Business center, currency exchange, gift shop, ticket office, table tennis, fitness, massage and outdoor swimming pool available. Chinese and Western restaurants as well as cafë and bar. Listed rates for doubles ¥2,967-3,163, discounted from ¥1,581.  edit
  • Grand Hyatt, 1881 Baoan Nan Rd, Luohu District,, +86 755 8266-1234 (), [36]. The hotel has 491 rooms and suites and is part of a mixed-use commercial development. Facilities include: 5 restaurants, 2 lounges, pastry shop, a spa with 13 treatment rooms, fitness centre, swimming pool, business centre and extensive event space.  edit
  • InterContinental, 9009 Shennan Rd, +86 755 3399-3388 (fax: +86 755 3399-3399), [37].  edit
  • Ritz-Carlton (深圳星河丽思卡尔顿酒店; Shēnzhèn Xīng'ěrdùn Jiǔdiàn), 116 Fuhuasan Rd, Futian District (福田区福华三路116号; Fú​tián​qū​ Fú​huá​sān​lù​), +86 755 2222-2222 (fax: +86 755 2222-0088), [38]. Rooms with mini-bar, ipod docking station, internet, television in bathroom, flat-screen television, cd/dvd players and safe. Business center, currency exchange, flower shop and beauty salon available. Chinese and Western restaurants as well as café and bar. Listed rates for doubles ¥4,600-5,750, disounted ¥1,288-1,638, breakfast ¥173 (included for more expensive rooms).  edit
  • Sunshine Hotel (深圳阳光酒店; Shēnzhèn Yángguāng Jiǔdiàn), 1 Jiabin Rd, Luohu District (罗湖区嘉宾路1号; Luó​hú​qū​ Jiā​bīn​lù)​, +86 755 8223-3888 (, fax: +86 755 8222-6719), [41]. Five-star hotel. Listed rates for doubles ¥1,840-3,450.  edit

Colleges and universities[edit]

  • Shenzhen Polytechnic(深圳职业技术学院 Shēn-zhèn-Zhí-yè-Jì-shù),is an educational institute in Shenzhen, China, founded in 1993. Shenzhen Polytechnic is located in Xili in Nanshan District. It has four campuses (East, West, North and OCT). According to its site, it has 21,000 full-time and 6,000 part-time students enrolled.
  • Shenzhen University(深圳大学),is situated on the coastline of Shenzhen Bay in South China. The total campus area is 1.44 square kilometres. It has its own lake which is named Wenshan Lake (文山湖), spreads across rolling hills covered with trees, an abundance of green space and sculptures.

Cope[edit]

Communication[edit]

  • Get a card from your hotel with the name and address in Chinese characters (if you are lost and no one understands your Mandarin or Cantonese)
  • Get your hotel staff to write down the destination names for you on paper. You may also learn some phrases from the Chinese phrasebook. Keep in mind that although English is more widely understood than in most other places in China, outside of establishments which specifically cater to Westerners, few people know English.
  • As a migrant city Mandarin has become the lingua franca of daily communication and is more widely spoken than the Cantonese common elsewhere in the region. Taxi drivers are much more likely to speak Mandarin than Cantonese.
  • Shenzhen is a linguistic melting pot. In addition to various accents in Mandarin or Cantonese, the other Guangdong languages — Teochew, and Hakka — are fairly common, and you may hear languages from other parts of China.


Health[edit]

Four hospitals are recommended by the Shenzhen City Government for foreigners. They are:

  • Shenzhen People's Hospital 深圳人民医院 1017 Dongmen Road North, Luohu, 罗湖区东门北1017路 +86 755 2553-3018
  • Shenzhen Peking University Hospital 深圳北京大学医院 1120 Lianhua Road Futian 福田区莲花路1120号 +86 755 8392-3333
  • No 2 Shenzhen People’s Hospital (previously called Shenzhen Red Cross Hospital) 深圳第二人民医院 1 Zhenhua Rd, Futian 福田区振华路1号 +86 755 8336-6388
  • Nanshan People's Hospital 南山人民医院 89 Taoyuan Road Nanshan 南山区桃园路89号 +86 755 2655-3111

Private Health Clinics

  • Chiho Medical Centre, Unit 203, Block B, International Chamber of Commerce Building, Fu Hua 1st Road. Phone 0755 8830 1468/1498 Email [email protected] - International Medical Centre in Shenzhen's CBD, have multilingual staff (English, Korean, Japanese, Mandarin and Cantonese) and are run by a medical team from Hong Kong.

Abundant Shenzhen dentists include:

  • Arrail Dental G3 and G4 Shun Hing Square (Diwang Bldg) Shennan Ave 罗湖区深南东路5002号信兴广场地王商业中心G3&G4层2单元 +86 755 2583-5788. http://www.arrail-dental.com/en/index.aspx
  • Ace Dental 3409 Excellence Times Plaza, Yitian Road, Futian District 福田区益田路卓越时代广场3409 +86 755 8381-5811 / 8381-5833 http://www.ace-dental.com/
  • AKJ Dental Hospital 1-8/F Luohu Railway Station Building C, Luohu District 罗湖区罗湖火车站大楼C栋1-8楼 +86-4000-489-168 http://www.akjdental.com

Media[edit]

Newspaper: Shenzhen Daily is the local English-language newspaper and is widely available at news kiosks. China Daily is surprisingly difficult to get but is available online [66].

South China Morning Post from Hong Kong is also avaliable by subscription and in a couple of outlets. Eon Bookshop, Central Book City, sells a reasonable range of English-language magazines. See Book City above.

Magazine: That's PRD (PRD = Pearl River Delta) is a local English-language magazine, published at the beginning of each month. 45,000 copies are mailed directly and displayed every month in carefully-selected public areas, including 5-star hotels, higher-end restaurants & bars, villas and properties.

Television: Topway Cable Television offers a wide range of international television including BBC, CNN, NHK, HBO, etc. Hong Kong English TV is also offered.

Places of worship[edit]

  • The Meilin Protestant Church, 梅林基督教堂 126 Meilin Rd Meilin, Futian 福田区梅林街道梅林路126号, +86 755 8311-8817, [43]. has services in English, Cantonese and Korean. “".  edit
  • Heping Church 和平堂 2/F Wenhua Garden, Luohu 罗湖区文华花园管理处二楼 +86 755 2512-8077.
  • St Anthony's Catholic Church 天主教深圳圣安多尼堂 Nonglin Rd, Zhuzilin, Futian 福田区竹子林农林路
  • Nantou Catholic Church Nantou Ninth Street, Nantou Cheng, Nanshan 南山区南头城南头九节 +86 755 2661-1334 offer Mass on Sundays.
  • Chabad of Shenzhen (Jewish), No. 4 Block A Guishan Xiaozhu, Yanshan Road Industrial Area Shekou Nanshan District, Shenzhen 518001 China 86-755-8207-0712 www.ChabadShenzhen.org

Stay safe[edit]

Crime[edit]

Despite sensationalised dramatisations from Hong Kongers, Shenzhen is relatively safe by Western standards. Violent crime is far lower in Shenzhen than in your typical Western city. Those being sensible in Shenzhen are extremely unlikely to have crime related issues. See the tips below.

Visitors from outside mainland China are seen as prospectively lucrative meaning vigilance is especially encouraged in areas such as near immigration checkpoints and near transport hubs. In the central part of Luohu District, especially in areas near the border checkpoint across from Lo Wu (e.g. Luohu Commercial City Shopping Centre, Shenzhen Railway Station, Shenzhen Bus Terminal), pick-pocketing, prostitution, drug trafficking, fraud, and the sale of counterfeit bills are common. Avoiding engagement when approached by someone touting is simple:

  • avoid eye contact
  • calmly and very gently shake your head
  • walk past them

Being scammed is not so common as in Beijing or Shanghai but be alert for people touting for business (massage, watches, shoes, etc.) around Luohu as they sell below-standard fakes at inflated prices. Luohu is a major centre for trade in counterfeit goods abundant in its bars, karaoke salons and nightclubs. Patrons of these establishments from Shenzhen and neighbouring Hong Kong may include triad and other criminal elements.

Avoid like plague unlicensed taxis including those proliferating places like border crossings and transport hubs. Before entering any taxi cab, ensure it has a taxi license prominently displayed in the plastic holder provided for this purpose on the right hand dashboard of every cab. Unlicensed taxis are illegal and all too often have unscrupulous drivers. Taking an unlicensed taxi makes it likely you will bring trouble upon yourself of potentially infinite magnitude and variety. Anyone who ignores this paragraph and decides to do business with unlicensed taxi drivers, you have been warned. See By taxi above for more info.

Stay alert for scams at bus stations. For example, if you travel between Hong Kong Airport and Shenzhen Airport, you may need to transfer between vehicles when crossing the border between Hong Kong and Shenzhen. Your bus or MPV company may supply you a sticker to attach to your shirt. Once you border cross to Shenzhen, a scammer may spot your sticker, claim to work for the bus or MPV company you are using, and demand you pay an additional fee to complete your journey. If asked for money like this, calmly shake your head and walk away. Use the actual counter of the bus or MPV company you are using if you need directions or other info. The bus / MPV companies are aware of this scam but have no incentive to correct it. Nor do local authorities care. A point though; 'touts' in Luohu bus station may not necessarily be touts. There is no ticketing office so they are simply there to direct you to your bus and won't request payment. Buy your ticket on the bus if you haven't purchased it in advance either online or from an appropriate office.

Watch your bag, electronic devices and pockets against theft / pick pocketing.

Beggars are usually confined to places such as border crossings, underpasses, Shekou and Christian churches. They are not aggressive and are mostly harmless. Ordinary Chinese rarely give money so begging is concentrated in places where punters are either ignorant or have just heard a sermon. Some beggars are controlled by criminal gangs and your donation will be funding organised crime. As such, giving food may be more beneficial to a beggar. Particularly avoid giving money to child beggars. Several high profile court cases in recent years have involved gangs who buy children from impoverished peasant families, mutilate them, and use them in a begging racket.

Prostitution may appear widespread and tolerated, particularly in parts of Luohu and Shekou. It is though illegal and anyone arrested by police can face dire consequences. A high profile 2003 case across the Pearl River in Zhuhai involving a group of Osaka businessmen resulted in 14 prison sentences including life sentences for the 2 main Chinese organisers and a request by Chinese authorities to counterparts in Japan for help to detain 3 people from Osaka (search online for this yourself if you don't believe it, it's all over the media and easy to find). Prostitution is largely run by organised crime gangs with many exploited prostitutes trafficked into forced work.

Government corruption has made the press. Shenzhen's former mayor Xu Zongheng was sentence to death (suspended for 2 years) for accepting bribes in June 2009. Li Yugo, the former head of Shenzhen's largest state-owned construction corporation in the city, and Zhao Yutsun, a Shenzhen customs officer, were convicted for similar reasons.

Roads[edit]

Shenzhen driving can be sensationalised as aggressive but is little if any worse than Western countries. Like anywhere it is sensible to remain alert; complacency is the enemy of safety. For pedestrians most major roads can be crossed by over or underpasses.

Electric bicycles are popular in Shenzhen. They are a public menace such as by riders who use them on pavements. Be alert.

Get out[edit]

  • Guangzhou is a short journey by train or road.
  • Hong Kong touches Shenzhen and is easily accessible by foot, auto, subway or ferry.
  • Zhuhai and Macau can be reached by hovercraft ferry from Shekou.
  • Dongguan, a little-known city of 11 million people is just twenty minutes north. Check the space age city centre and the Ming Dynasty gates. Visit the Opium War Museum and the great suspension bridge over the Pearl River at Humen
  • Huizhou is 40 minutes by freeway bus to the northeast. Visit the East Lake designed by 12th-century poet/administrator Su Dongpo.
  • Xichong is a beach village about 70 kilometers to the east of Shenzhen. It is one Shenzhen's nicer and less developed beaches with relatively few tourists.


Routes through Shenzhen
BeijingDongguan  N noframe S  END


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