Schaffhausen  is a city in north-eastern Switzerland on the river Rhine, next to the German border. Its prime tourist attraction are the Rhine Falls, Europe's largest waterfalls.
First documented in 1045, Schaffhausen is a city-canton which entered the Swiss Confederation in 1501. It is Switzerland's northernmost canton and is mostly agricultural land, although there are some large corporations headquartered here (IWC, Garmin, ABB.)
In 1944 Schaffhausen was bombed by the United States Air Force, killing 40 people — it was later determined that the daylight raid was an accident, due to a navigational error.
The current population of Schaffhausen is 35,036.
From Zürich Hbf an hourly S-Bahn suburban train, line S16, runs towards Thayngen, stopping at Winterthur among others and taking 57 minutes to Schaffhausen. A single ticket costs CHF 26.60/adult or CHF 13.30/child; however, if you have an all-zone Zürich day/monthly/annual pass, this is reduced to CHF 8/adult or CHF 4/child. For visitors to the Rheinfall, which is south of Schaffhausen, an all-zone ZVV pass is sufficient, see below
From Zurich: Take the A4/E41 direction north. It will lead you right into the city. Note that you need a vignette for all Swiss motorways.
Local buses , by foot in the old city. Buses to all directions every 20 minutes, in busy times every 10 minutes. For CHF 5.- you can get a "Tageskarte" which allows you to use all buses for a whole day.
Panoramic view of the Rhine Fall near Schaffhausen and environment.
- Walk through the old city  and admire the renaissance buildings.
- Visit the Munot  fortress and enjoy the view over the old city and the beautiful landscape.
- The Rheinfall is the largest waterfall in Europe, served by two train stations: Schloss Laufen am Rheinfall on the south side of the river, and Neuhausen Bad, 450 metres from the north side. Boats link the two sides. SLaR station is only open between 08:00 and 16:30 (18:30 during summer). From Zürich: take S-Bahn S7, S8, S12 or S16 to Winterthur (not Schaffhausen). Change for line S33 towards Schaffhausen, and get off at SLaR (if closed, get off at Dachsen and take bus 634 from there). From Schaffhausen: Take S-Bahn S33 two stops to SLaR (for the south side), or a local train bound for Erzingen or Neuhausen Bad one stop to Neuhausen Bad (for the north side). Visitors can see the waterfalls up close from several viewing platforms, and can also take a boat up to an outcropping in the middle of the falls. A speciality is the firework on the night of the 1st August (national holiday)
- Stadttheater Schaffhausen, Herrenacker 22, 8200 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 625 05 55 ([email protected], fax: +41 52 632 54 32), . Mo-Fr 4PM-6PM, Sa 09.30-11:00. Local playhouse with a beautiful interior decoration
- Museum zu Allerheiligen, Baumgartenstrasse 6, 8200 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 633 07 77 ([email protected], fax: +41 52 633 07 88), . Tu-Su: 11:00-17:00. Museum telling much of the region's history. CHF 9.-/5.-.
- Hallen für neue Kunst, Baumgartenstrasse 23, 8200 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 625 25 15 ([email protected], fax: +41 52 625 84 74), . Sa: 15:00-17:00, Su: 11:00-17:00. Museum exhibiting modern art CHF 14.-/8.-.
- Swim. Swimming in the Rhine or at the public pool.
"Chatzezüngli", (en: kitten tounges) are a speciality of Schaffhausen. You can get a box of this chocolate either in the confectionery at the Vordergasse or at their shop inside the train station.
Doner/Kebab stands are spread all over the city, restaurants are easy to find in the old city too.
- Restaurant Mamma Rosa, Bachstrasse 19, 8200 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 625 24 69. Excellent pizza in a familial environment for a good price.
- Restaurant Kronenhof, Kirchhofplatz 7, 8201 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 635 75 75, .
- Restaurant Fischerzunft, Rheinquai 8, 8200 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 632 05 05, . Known all over the country for the delicious food. extremely expensive.
- Kammgarn Beiz, Baumgartenstrasse 19, 8200 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 625 24 03, . Tu-Th 11.30-23:30, F, Sa 11.30-01.30. Club/Bar where local youth meet
- Haberhaus, Neustadt 51, 8200 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 625 94 29, . Bar featuring a calm atmosphere, modern architecture placed inside a medieval wall.
- Orient, Stadthausgasse 13, 8200 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 633 02 02 ([email protected]), . entry 10PM. Club
- Youth Hostel, Randenstrasse 65, ☎ +41 52 625-8800 ([email protected], fax: +41 52 624 59 54), . CLOSED until 16 Mar 2013 dormitory: CHF 27.50.
- Hotel Kronenhof, Kirchhofplatz 7, 8201 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 635 75 75 ([email protected], fax: +41 52 635 75 65), . 2-bed with shower: CHF 190.-.
- Hotel Bahnhof, Bahnhofstrasse 46, 8200 Schaffhausen, ☎ +41 52 630 35 35 ([email protected], fax: +41 52 630 35 36), . 2-bed: CHF 240.-.
Schaffhausen is generally considered very safe, even for Swiss standards.
In the old town of Schaffhausen, there are a lot of bars and night-clubs and some of them are open till 05:00 in the morning.
Some bars are open every day, and the clubs are usually open friday and saturday night.
The "Orient" Club, directly in the old town opens Thursday till Saturday and is open till 04:00, sometimes till 05:00.
Near the rhine, there are the club "TapTab" and "Kammgarn" which serves differents events and music.