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Schöningen is a town of about 13,000 inhabitants in the district of Helmstedt in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located near the border with Saxony-Anhalt, on the southeastern rim of the Elm hill range. In its current form, it was created in 1974 by joining the municipalities of Esbeck, Hoiersdorf, and Schöningen. Schöningen is a stop on the German Framework Road.


In archaeology, Schöningen is famous for four ancient wooden spears found in an opencast mine near the town (Bamford & Henderson 2003). The spears are about 400,000 years old (Klein. 2005. p114), making them the world's oldest human-made wooden artifacts, as well as the oldest weapons, ever found. Three of them were probably manufactured as projectile weapons, because the weight and tapered point is at the front of the spear making it fly straight in flight, similar to the design of a modern javelin. The fourth spear is shorter with points at both ends and is thought to be a thrusting spear or a throwing stick (Bamford & Henderson 2003). They were found in combination with the remains of about 20 wild horses, whose bones contain numerous butchery marks, including one pelvis that still had a spear sticking out of it. This is considered proof that early humans were active hunters with specialized tool kits.

The first historical mentioning of the Saxon settlement in the Royal Frankish Annals dates back to 747, when the Carolingian Pepin the Short stayed here during the conflict with his half-brother Grifo. Schöningen was the site of a Königspfalz of Pepin's son Charlemagne and later of the Ottonian dynasty. Saint Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz from 975, was probably born at Schöningen about 940.

From the 14th century it was held by the Welf dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg, who granted Schöningen town privileges in 1332. About 1350 Duke Magnus the Pious had a castle built here to secure the nearby border with the Bishopric of Halberstadt.

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Schoeningen Markt 05.jpg
  • 400,000 year old Schöningener Spears
  • German Framework Route
  • 14th century Scahaningi castle
  • St. Lorenz Church (14th century)
  • Local History Museum (build 1593)
  • St. Vincent church


  • City Hall overlooks the town square, the place of Schöningen’s weekly market (Saturdays 8am-12n). Here’s a great opportunity to buy some delicious fruits & veggies, colorful flowers, and wonderful souvenirs for your journey home.
  • So much of Schöningen is best explored outside. Right on the edge of the forest is a wonderful golf course. Though, if you’re not so inclined to play the links, there’s always the pool & sauna to relax in. Though, that might be a better idea to do after you’ve gone out and done the hiking & biking thing through the Lower Saxon countryside.
  • Bicycle Tours: Schließer Bike -Wilhelmstr. 10 -38364 Schöningen -Tel.: 05352 8866 -Fax: 05352 9099140 - Bicycle Tours for Groups and Families]




Restaurant "Akropolis" Inh. Maria Simeonidou Salzstraße 14 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/18 79

Restaurant "Deutsches Haus" Inh. Albrecht Haage Hötensleber Straße 3 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/25 89

Restaurant "Irodion" Inh. Ilias Pilatos Markt 26 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/22 01

Restaurant "Kanzlerkeller" Inh. Kerstin Bonnett Burgplatz 3 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/82 52

Restaurant "Kurhaus" Inh. Albrecht Haage Bahnhofstraße 13 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/31 81

Restaurant "Ratskeller" Inh. Matthias Krawczyk Markt 1 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 05352/969789

Restaurant "... wie in Oma´s Küche" Inh. Michael Mechow Wellmannstraße 1 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 05352-50241

Restaurant "Orient-Imbiß" Inh. Saliha Turan Niedernstraße 19 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/87 95

Restaurant "Sportschänke" Inh. Janine Weis Alte Kirchstraße 1 a 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/30 80

"Schloss-Restaurant" Inh. Patrizio Principale Burgplatz 1 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/90 75 90

Restaurant "Waldfrieden" Inh. Martin Rhode Zum Waldfrieden 1 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/31 78

Bistro Antalya Markt 25 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/9062816 Tel.: 0 53 52/9686014


Cafe & Bar No. 44 Inh. Thomas Piehler Niedernstraße 44 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/9 08 22 13

Cafe & Bistro Negenborn Inh. Thorsten Lohmann Negenborntrift 25 38364 Schöningen Tel.: 0 53 52/9 37 37 77


Hotel Deutsches Haus [1] Hötensleber Straße 3 Schöningen 05352 2589

Hotel Harmonie Am Wallgarten 12 Schöningen 05352 2023

Fam. Bernitt [2] Nicolaistr. 3 Schöningen 0170 7797764

Ferienwohnung Willecke [3] Markt 18 Schöningen 05352 3625

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