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Sasaram is a city in Bihar.

Sasaram is an ancient city and is believed that a demon named 'Sahastrabahu'lived aroud here from the age of 'Ramayana'. Sahastrabahu was killed by Parsuram. Earlier the name of the city was Sahasram, initials of Sahasrabahu and Parsuram. it is also believed that the name of the city Sasaram came from his name Sahastrabahu to Sahasram (Sahastrabahu + Parsuram) to Sasaram. Some historian also believed that name from Nikulakashakabasu, an ancient king and Parsuram, the warrior sage.

Sasaram is famous for being the birthplace of Afghan king Sher Shah Suri who ruled in Delhi and much of Northern India and what is now Pakistan and eastern Afghanstan for five years, after defeating Humayun, the Mughal Emperor. Many of Sher Shah Suri's practices were adopted by the later Mughals and the British Raj including taxation, administration and the building of a paved Grand Trunk Road from Kabul to Bengal.

Sasaram has a 122 ft high red sandstone tomb of Sher Shah Suri built in the Indo-Afghan style which stands in the middle of an artificial lake. It is known as one of the finest examples of medieval Islamic funerary architecture in India.It borrows heavily from the Lodhi style and was once covered in blue and yellow glazed tiles indicating an Irani influence. The massive free standing dome also has an aesthetic aspect of the Bhuddhist stupa style of the Mauryan period. There is another tomb, which is the tomb of Sher Shah's father, in the middle of green field at Sherganj which is known as Sukha Rauza. These tombs were built by Sher Shah.

Sasaram also has a baulia (small pond/step well used by the emperor's consorts for bathing. The NH2 (Grand Trunk Road) passes through the city.

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