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Salzburg

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*'''Getreidegasse''' - a long yet narrow street running parallel to the river in the centre of town, with lots of shops, famous for the old (or old-style) signs of profession outside each store
 
*'''Getreidegasse''' - a long yet narrow street running parallel to the river in the centre of town, with lots of shops, famous for the old (or old-style) signs of profession outside each store
**The '''Mozarts Geburtshaus''' (Mozart's birth house) [http://www2.salzburg.info//mozart_27.htm], ''Getreidegasse 9, tel 662 84 43 13, fax 662 84 06 93, open daily 9am-6pm (last tickets 5.30pm), extended hours July-August daily 9am-7pm (6.30 pm last tickets), guided tours by prior arrangement, admission adults €6, youths 15-18 €2, children 6-14 €1.50, family ticket (2 adults and children under 18) €13, free admission with Salzburg Card'' - the Mozart family lived in this house in the heart of Salzburg from 1747 - 1773, where W.A. Mozart himself was born on 27 January 1756. The house is now a popular museum devoted to Mozart and his family, with interesting memorabilia and letters. Well worth a quick visit.
+
[[Image:P1010106.JPG|thumb|200px|Mozarts birth house]]**The '''Mozarts Geburtshaus''' (Mozart's birth house) [http://www2.salzburg.info//mozart_27.htm], ''Getreidegasse 9, tel 662 84 43 13, fax 662 84 06 93, open daily 9am-6pm (last tickets 5.30pm), extended hours July-August daily 9am-7pm (6.30 pm last tickets), guided tours by prior arrangement, admission adults €6, youths 15-18 €2, children 6-14 €1.50, family ticket (2 adults and children under 18) €13, free admission with Salzburg Card'' - the Mozart family lived in this house in the heart of Salzburg from 1747 - 1773, where W.A. Mozart himself was born on 27 January 1756. The house is now a popular museum devoted to Mozart and his family, with interesting memorabilia and letters. Well worth a quick visit.
 
*the '''Hohensalzburg Fortress''' - located on top of a mountain and offers breath taking views of Salzburg and the Alps. One area of the fortress offers visitors the chance to look down on a field below to find only one house - the executioner's residence. It was believed to live anywhere near the executioner was bad luck. Inside the fortress is a museum of medieval weapons, life on the fortess, and torture instruments.
 
*the '''Hohensalzburg Fortress''' - located on top of a mountain and offers breath taking views of Salzburg and the Alps. One area of the fortress offers visitors the chance to look down on a field below to find only one house - the executioner's residence. It was believed to live anywhere near the executioner was bad luck. Inside the fortress is a museum of medieval weapons, life on the fortess, and torture instruments.
 
[[Image:Hellbrunn.jpg|thumb|250px|Schloss Hellbrunn]]
 
[[Image:Hellbrunn.jpg|thumb|250px|Schloss Hellbrunn]]

Revision as of 21:09, 1 October 2006

Photo over the old town of Salzburg

Salzburg [1] is a city in Austria, with a population of some 148,000 in 2005. If you've seen the movie The Sound of Music, you may think you know all there is to see in Salzburg. Admittedly, it's tough not to burst into song when you're walking along the Salzach River, or climbing up to the Hohensalzburg fortress which looms over the city. But there's a lot more to this compact, courtly city than Julie Andrews and Mozart's birthplace. In 1996, the Historic Centre of Salzburg was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List

Understand

Get in

By train

Salzburg's train station is centrally located. From Munich to Salzburg is about a two hour train ride.

By plane

Salzburg W.A. Mozart International Airport (SZG) [2] is situated about 20 minutes from the centre of the city. Connection with the city by bus [3]. It has direct connections from Amsterdam, Berlin, Birmingham, Coventry, London, Maribor, Palma de Mallorca, Paris, St. Petersburg, Vienna, many German cities, and Zurich.

Get around

The best way to get around Salzburg is by foot. There is a network of city busses (StadtBus, with numbers from 1 to 8. 24 hour ticket: 4,20 Euro. One week ticket: 11,40 Euro), which cover the whole city star-shaped from the center. If you travel by bus make sure you don't catch any of the last buses. They'll take you several miles out of town with your only way back by walking or should you be fortunate enough to wave down a taxi. With that said if you need to get somewhere late at night it may be best to either take a taxi or walk.

See

  • Getreidegasse - a long yet narrow street running parallel to the river in the centre of town, with lots of shops, famous for the old (or old-style) signs of profession outside each store
Mozarts birth house
**The Mozarts Geburtshaus (Mozart's birth house) [4], Getreidegasse 9, tel 662 84 43 13, fax 662 84 06 93, open daily 9am-6pm (last tickets 5.30pm), extended hours July-August daily 9am-7pm (6.30 pm last tickets), guided tours by prior arrangement, admission adults €6, youths 15-18 €2, children 6-14 €1.50, family ticket (2 adults and children under 18) €13, free admission with Salzburg Card - the Mozart family lived in this house in the heart of Salzburg from 1747 - 1773, where W.A. Mozart himself was born on 27 January 1756. The house is now a popular museum devoted to Mozart and his family, with interesting memorabilia and letters. Well worth a quick visit.
  • the Hohensalzburg Fortress - located on top of a mountain and offers breath taking views of Salzburg and the Alps. One area of the fortress offers visitors the chance to look down on a field below to find only one house - the executioner's residence. It was believed to live anywhere near the executioner was bad luck. Inside the fortress is a museum of medieval weapons, life on the fortess, and torture instruments.
Schloss Hellbrunn
  • the Schloss Mirabell - located right next to the Salzach river and the Mozarteum University of Music and Arts lies a beautiful castle with gardens, built by an archbishop for his beloved courtesan. Watch out for the "Garden of Dwarves" and the Garden of Roses. Inside, you find the marble stairs of Raffael Donner, and the world's most beautiful wedding hall, the Marble Hall. If you plan to marry there, reservations should be made at least a year in advance
  • St. Sebastian Cemetery - holds not only the graves of Mozart's wife Constanze Weber-Nissen, but also the must-see Mausoleum of Archbishop Wolfdietrich
  • The Dome
  • St Peter Monastery and Church
  • St Francis Church (Franziskanerkirche)
  • Schloss Hellbrunn - an archbishop's summer palace with lots of clever fountains and pretty gardens. When you take the tour stand next to the guide otherwise you'll get wet. Hellbrunn is surrounded by vast gardens, and is a perfect place for a picnic or a long walk through the green. In the Steintheater (Stone Theatre), the first opera in Middle Europe was conducted.

Museums

There are a lot of small museums designated to one special topic or person. Such are the Mozart's birthplace museum, the Mozart's house museum, the Toy Museum, the Cathedral's Museum (Dommuseum) and many more. Larger exhibitions are in the Museum Carolino Augusteum (Griesgasse), the Museum of Modern Art on top of the Mönchsberg, and the Residenz Museum [5] on Residenzplatz.

Do

  • Walk around the old town.
  • Sound of Music tour.
  • Visit the Haus der Natur (House of Nature, Bus station Mönchsbergaufzug), which is famous for its reptile zoo and special exhibitions.
  • The most beautiful views from above the city are from Mönchsberg, and Kapuzinerberg. An elevator is taking you up the Mönchsberg (Bus stop Mönchsbergaufzug), to walk up the Kapuzinerberg, start in Linzer Gasse.

Tours

A number of companies run coach tours in and around Salzburg. By far the most popular of these are dedicated to the locations featured in The Sound of Music:

  • Panorama Tours: Sound of Music [6] - daily, leaves at 9.30am and 2pm, 4 hrs duration, adults €35, children 4-12 yrs €18

Tours can also be taken from Salzburg to the Ice Caves, to the Bavarian Mountains and to Berchtesgaden....

Festivals

For almost a century, Salzburg has hosted the world famous Salzburg Festival [7], with operas, concerts, and theater plays in different locations throughout the city. It was founded by Hugo von Hoffmansthal, Max Reinhardt and Richard Strauss in 1920. It takes place in July and August, the most famous piece is the "Jedermann" ("Everyman") by Hugo v. Hoffmansthal, being conducted in front of the dome every year.

More recently, festivals also take place during easter time (with mostly Baroque music), and in autum (Jazz music).

Buy

  • Mozartkugeln ("Mozart balls") are a chocolate candy inspired by the famous composer, Salzburg's most famous son. (Be aware though they are very expesive with a small box costing as much as 7 euros - visited Salzburg in JUL 2005, and prices can be phenomenoal)
  • Ribiselschnaps

Eat

Foods

  • Salzburger Nockerln
  • Frittatensuppe
  • Wiener Schnitzel
  • Bauernschmaus
  • When going out at around midnight: Boiled sausages (with mustard and raddish).
  • and do not forget to buy some Mozartkugels

Restaurants

Some things on the Menu you might not find in the dictionary - better ask before you order, or expect to eat sausage made of blood, or the kidney and lungs of the cattle.

  • Wilder Mann: traditional Austrian fare in the Getreidegasse.
  • Zipfer Bräuhaus - Philharmonikergasse. A fair choice of traditional food.
  • Augustiner Bräustübl - Bus stop Landeskrankenhaus. Beer garden with self-brewed beer, and market-like shops to buy food. You can bring your own food (not drinks!) if you want.
  • Stiegl Keller - below the Fortress. A cellar up on a mountain, serving traditional food and the famous Stiegl beer right from the barrel.

Salzburg is the region with the most Gault Millau toques per capita. Some of the best restaurants of the world can be found here:

  • Hubertushof in Filzmoos, 4 toques for Johanna Maier (the only woman in the world with four toques!).
  • Obauer in Werfen, 4 toques for Rudi Obauer.

If you seek a special environment for your dinner, take a look at Hangar 7, a top-cuisine restaurant and a great bar close to the airport.

Drink

Beer

  • Augustiner brewery and Stiegl beer garden (see above)
  • Die Weisse (microbrewery, Weissbier), Rupertgasse 10 (near Linzergasse)
  • Bars and Pubs are along the river.

Café

  • Tomaselli (Alter Markt). A traditional viennese coffee house, the oldest of Salzburg. Try the Einspänner and a Sacher cake!
  • Fürst (Alter Markt). Exquiste pastry, and the place to buy the original Mozartkugel, invented by confectioner Paul Fürst in 1884.
  • Republic (Griesgasse/Bus Stop Mönchsbergaufzug). A modern café with good breakfast, and a variety of cultural events (Jazz Brunch, Clubbing, special theme parties at night). Turns into one of the most popular places to be during night.
  • Shakespeare (Hubert Sattler Gasse, close to Mirabell castle). Art café with good chinese kitchen, cheap lunch menus during the week.

Sleep

Hostels

  • International Youth Hostel Salzburg, Paracelsusstraße 9, +43 662 879649, fax +43 662 878810, [8]. Centrally located, bar downstairs.
  • Landesberufsschülerheim Aigen youth hostel, Aignerstraße 34, +43 662 623248, fax +43 662 623248-4, [9].
  • Eduard Heinrich Haus youth & family hostel, Eduard-Heinrich-Straße 2, +43 662 625976, fax +43 662 627980, [10].
  • Landesberufsschülerheim Haunspergstraße youth hostel, Haunspergstraße 27, +43 662 875030, fax +43 662 883477, [11].


Budget

File:Stadtalm-room-view.jpg
The view from a room in the Stadtalm for €13 a night.
  • Stadtalm, Mönchsberg 19c, +43 662-841729, [12]. A stunning view from the cliff overlooking the city for hardly any money. Take the Mönchsberg Lift (€2.40 round trip) found at the west end of Griesgasse. Follow the path south, turn left into the old fortress, and go back north to the hostel. Dorms €13 including breakfast.
  • Gasthaus Hinterbrühl, Schanzlgasse 12, +43 662-846798, fax +43 662-841859, [13]. Edge of old town in building constructed in 1380; the plumbing is slightly more modern. €37-€70 (without breakfast) to €42-€85 (with breakfast).

Mid-range

  • Hotel-Pension Adlerhof, Elisabethstraße 25, +43 662 875236, fax +43 662 873663, [14]. A small family-run bed & breakfast, very close to the train station. €48-€120 (low season) to €59-€140(high season).
  • Hotel Trumer Stube, Bergstraße 6, +43 662 874776 or 875168, fax +43 662 874326, [15]. Family-run three-star hotel just off the Linzergasse, close to all old town sights. Hosts are exceptionally friendly and knowledgeable. Breakfast buffet included. €89-€125 (low season) to €133-€161 (high season).

?

  • Castellani Parkhotel Salzburg
  • Hotel Elefant
  • Hotel Imlauer
  • Hotel Rosenvilla
  • Hotel StieglBräu
  • Hotel Zum Hirschen
  • Hotel Ammerhauser (Anthering)
  • B&B Sallerhof (Grödig)

Get out

  • If you get tired of the city, you can visit the Ice caves south of Salzburg, or the salt mines close to the city.
  • Silent Night, Holy Night, the famous christmas song, was composed and had its premier in Oberndorf, a small city next to Salzburg. You can see the Silent Night Chapel there.
  • For people who prefer nature to sights, hiking on the Untersberg, a trip to Salzkammergut or the Königssee, or a visit to Bad Ischl may be interesting.

Other Austrian cities:

Near Salzburg, Austria:

Communication

Apart from a slightly dialectic German, most people speak at least a little English. For sure this is true in all shops and tourists office in the center, where you can also expect someone speaking Spanish and Italian.

Contact

Internet

Salzburg has a growing number of options available for email and internet contact:

  • Internetcafé Cybar [16], Mozartplatz 5, tel +43 (0)662 / 844 822, mailto:[email protected], open daily 9am-10pm - conveniently located in the city centre, this internet café offers terminals and wireless connection for users with laptops
  • BigNet Café in JudengasseTemplate:Guide