Roatán is one of the Honduras Bay Islands in the Caribbean Sea. It is a hidden gem, with some of the most beautiful white beaches and the best snorkel and diving spots in the Caribbean. There is only one big road on the island. Located near the largest barrier reef in the Caribbean Sea (second largest worldwide after Australia's Great Barrier Reef), it has become an important cruise ship and scuba diving destination in Honduras. The tourists are mainly divers but the island is perfect for beaching and snorkeling. In recent years with the introduction of a new cruise ship port, more traditional tourists are coming into the island. While snorkeling and diving are still as popular as ever, there is still plenty to do outside of these activities.
Americian, Delta and Continental offer flights to San Pedro Sula on the mainland, from which you can get connecting service to Roatan.
TACA, a group of five regional airlines, offers service from Miami, Houston, New York, San Francisco and Washington DC with connecting service to Roatan, including mid-week flights. TACA also offers non-stop flights from Miami (Sundays only).
The Galaxy Wave is a new ferry that travels to/from La Ceiba on the Honduras Mainland. The ferry is clean, comfortable, and very reliable. It departs twice daily, once in the morning at 7:00 and once in the afternoon around 1:30PM and it costs about $25 US (500 lempira)for a one way trip. Prices have risen significantly recently. If you are prone to seasickness, this ferry is not recommended. Without fail, nearly half of the boat passengers will experience some form of motion sickness during any given trip. The locals actually make jokes about it.
There is not currently (until summer 2008) an official service between Roatan and Utila. If you want to go from Roatan to Utila using the Galaxy ferry you will have to first travel from Roatan to La Ceiba, then change ferries and head from La Ceiba to Utila. Your other option is to charter a boat from one of the locals. Normally the best way to go about this is to approach one of the dive shcools as they normally aren't using their boats in the afternoons. Find other travelers who want to do the same and go in a group of 4 or 6.
The island is visited by some cruise lines, such as Princess or Royal Caribbean. 
There are hundreds of taxis and they can be bargained with. They don't expect tips either. But ask the price in advance and if it seems high, ask another. A cab from the airport to the West Bay is L30-L40 ($1 to $2). The prices have increased recently, and a cab from the airport to the West End is about $10-15. On your way back to the airport, you can negotiate for $5 or so.
There are water taxis that link West Bay and West End for 40 lempiras each($2) or about five dollars per party.
Renting scooters is a very economical (and fun!) way to see the island. The asphalt road is reasonably well maintained and there is lots to see on Roatan besides the West End so hire a scooter and start exploring. The rental agencies will happily provide you with detailed maps and explanations on how to best see the island. Scooter rentals are abundant in West End. Captain Vans is a reliable source for those.
Buses run every 15 minutes between Coxan Hole and West End during the day. They depart from opposite the market in Coxan Hole. Buses run every hour to Oak Ridge, stopping at the new ferry terminal and passing through French Harbour, Polly Tilly Bight, and Punta Gorda on the way. These buses leave from opposite the HB Warren supermarket in Coxen Hole.
The US Dollar is generally accepted all over the island, however, your change is mostly given in Honduran lempiras. This method of money exchange is not recommended generally but if you're only stopping for the day from a cruise ship, it's an easier option to changing money that you may not use up.
West End is definitely the most fun town on the island. There are bars, restaurants, live music, right on the Caribbean. This is also where the best sunsets are, with maybe the exception of West Bay. The reef is a short swim away for excellent snorkeling, especially around the southern point of Half Moon Bay.
Coxen Hole is a pit but after you get used to it, there are most of life's necessities there. French Harbor has some good restaurants and resorts.
The West Bay has plenty of restaurants and places to stay. It also is much prettier and nicer than the West End. It is recommended to spend beach time in the West Bay and bar time in the West End.
Most tourists do not venture further east then French Harbour, which is only about the mid point of the island. Past this point are a few newer beach resorts and communities. Many of the restaurants and bars on this part of the island are frequented more by locals and expats than tourists. One point of interest would be Jonestown and the infamous Hole in the Wall restaurant. Sundays and Wednesdays feature all-you-can-eat lobster and steak for a reasonable fee. You must take a small water taxi from Jonestown to reach it.
Shortly after the fork in the road to Oak Ridge, the paved road ends and you can continue to Port Royal which was originally founded by English pirates. Past this there lies a few small villages and a handful of homes mostly occupied by expats. Eventually you will reach the mangroves which are quite beautiful when navigated by boat.
English, Spanish, Garifuna
English is widely spoken, especially in the West End and West Bay communities and is the native language of Roatanians of British and African descent (except for the Garifuna). Spanish is spoken natively by all residents who have come from mainland Honduras and is the second language of many of the native English speakers. Spanish is the official language of Honduras and as such is the primary language of the school system. Garifuna is spoken by the Garifuna people who are descendants of the Kalipuna peoples of St. Vincent. There is also 'Island Talk' spoken by the native Caribbean people.
Most individuals living on Roatan are bilingual (English/Spanish).
Visit the Roatan Butterfly Garden and Carambola Gardens
Dine at one of Roatan's Excellent Restaurants or Cook and Eat at Home
Check out local and mainland Honduras tours
Horseback Riding on the Beach at West End - Shirkey's Barrio Dorcas Ranch
Horseback Riding - Ticketing Agent - Transportation Included
Shop for Central American Arts and Crafts, tee-shirts, cigars, and much more
Visit B.J.s Backyard in Oak Ridge and Tour the Mangrove Canal
Visit Roatan's great Microbrewery
Roatan has FOUR zipline jungle canopy tour adventures
Dive with the Dolphins at Anthony's Key
Visit the Iguana Farm near French Harbor
Kayak trips around the Island
Visit Marine Science Museum at Anthony's Key Resort
Watch Dolphin show at Anthony's Key Resort
Mini-Golf in Sandy Bay, Cold Drinks & Burgers
Tour the Garifuna Village of Punta Gorda
Shop at Woody's Grocery Store and have a cookout
Check out the Cameo Factory in Coxen Hole
Whites Beach is supposed to be beautiful
Kayak through the mangroves on the east end of the island
Enjoy an off the beaten patch view, dinner and drinks from the Windsong cafe
There is great snorkeling and diving to be found here and many dive shops to go out with. Coconut tree dive shop in West End has cheap dives, $20 per dive, and go out 3 times per day.
If you are a good swimmer, and keep an eye out for motorboats, you can swim straight out from west end towards the white buoys for about 200 meters, you will arrive at a 10-30 foot deep reef that is great for snorkeling and freediving. Slightly further out the reef gets much deeper and you hit the wall.
You can walk along the beach to West Bay from West End in about 45 minutes, and can take a water taxi back if you like. They seem to stop running around sunset unfortunately, so make sure to catch them before it is too late.
A new cruise ship stop named Coral Cay opened up recently outside of French Harbor. As of Aug-2006 they only get ships twice a month, and the rest of the time the place is open for people to come enjoy. The beach is free as long as you eat at the restaurant (~$8-10), though it seemed highly unlikely that anyone would particularly notice whether or not you ate there. The beach is nice and the setting amazingly surreal, with 2 rusting shipwrecks within view.
Renting a scooter and driving to Punta Gorda takes about an hour each way, and goes through some beautiful countryside. It can be nice to get away from the touristy areas and get back into places that look and feel like Honduras. The town is friendly and you may run into a beach party if you are lucky.
Oak Ridge is a small village on the eastern end of the island. On arrival, you'll be offered water-taxi tours to the Hole-in-the-Wall restaurant, neighbouring communities, and around the harbour, but it's also pleasant to walk through the village, which has many brightly colored the wooden houses on stilts along the shore.
Local handicrafts abound and can be had for very little money. Look for brightly-painted pottery, wood carvings, costume jewelery and clothing. Remember that the asking price should only be considered a jumping-off point for some downward haggling. It's expected and if you have the stomach for it, you'll likely end up with a final price somewhere around 40-50% lower.
The restaurants you will find along the West End beach are slightly more expensive than similar restaurants on the mainland but the food is of a very high standard. Seafood abounds and you can find top quality lobster for dinner for around $10 US. The Argentinian steak house is very nice, and the size of the steak they serve has to be seen to be believed.
There is a small food caravan located on the main road hosted by an ex-pat Aussie. The food is cheap, and he is open late which is perfect for when you return home from one of the West Ends night spots.
Gio's is in French Harbor and is one of the nicer dining experiences on the island. It's a longtime mainstay for expats and islanders who can afford to dine out. Seafood is the specialty of course.
The best part about drinking in the west end is the pub crawl that occurs almost every night without exception. Its virtually mandatory to start at Sundowners and enjoy drinks whilst watching the sun go down over the beautiful bay in front. When Sundowners shuts (at 10pm) the whole bar shifts about 50 metres down the street to kick on at the Purple Turtle where you can enjoy live music out the back. The Purple Turtle closes at midnight and from here most people continue on to the Twisted Toucan where you will meet most of the locals in the region, as this is their favourite haunt. Most people go home from here but if you really are feeling like an adventure grab a group of friends and head down the beach to FuBar, formerly Black Pearl and before that Loafers. On Friday's, the best place to go is Foster's, complete with DJ and occasionally a lot of laughs.
There are excellent accommodations ranging from $4 to $400 per night. Condos are available as are beach cabanas. There is an old farm where they have great accommodation for a decent price at West End.