Parma is in Emilia-Romagna.
From the train station it is an easy walk into the historic city center. The train ride from Bologna to Parma is about one hour and there is a shuttle service from the Bologna airport to the Bologna train station.
Virtually everything in the historic city center is within easy and leisurely walking distance. Sites across the river require a little more walking but still not too much. The terrain is flat and biking is very popular among the locals. Taxis are easily available at the train station. There are rental cars at the small airport just outside town. Parking can be a challenge downtown. There is an extensive local bus line.
The Wikipedia article on Parma gives a good list of the main sights: [].
The Museo Glauco Lombardi  is a particularly interesting and well done museum documenting the life of Maria Luigia, second wife of Napoleon Bonaparte and the Duchess of Parma. The museum is very personal and engaging with many artifacts and belongings of the gifted, talented and well educated Maria. Well worth the visit.
At the ice cream shop called K2 behind the cathedral on the right. The nuns make a gelato in the shape of a flower in seconds.
A typical restaurant to have dinner is the Trattoria I Corrieri in Via Conservatorio 1, which is situated near the law faculty of the university. Try some torta fritta, and prosciutto di Parma and all the other salami and coppa specialities from that region as a starter, followed by the typical tortelli. If you take Tris di Tortelli, you will enjoy that special type of pasta, one filled zucca (pumpkin), raddichio (red lettuce) and ricotta e spinaci (spinage& cheese).
Osteria del Gesso , Via Ferdinando Maestri, 11 - 43100 Parma, tel: +39 0521 230505, . Osteria del Gesso is a small, quaint restaurant down a narrow street in historic center city. The menu is based on the typical cuisine of the region. The food is well prepared and delicious, particularly the tortelli di erbetta and crespelle di grano. The staff did not speak English, but are helpful and provide excellent service.
La Forchetta borgo San Biagio 6, Parma 43100, tel: +39 0521 208812. Excellent ristorante just off the Piazza del Duomo serving typical regional cuisine. Superb tortelli di zucca and a very interesting and creative appetizer of gelato of Parmesan cheese with a fig preserve and balsamic vinegar.
An aperitivo in Via Farini is something you should not miss. There are several bars in that little street where you will find a lot of people standing outside with a Martini or a Sprizz con Aperol at around 6pm, enjoying the free buffet that is offered, when you buy a drink.
- Dimore d' epoca, Via Valenti, 5/c 43100 tel +39.0521.774039, fax +39 0521.780756, [email protected], . Just a short walk from the center of Parma, situated in a large park, this villa belonging to a noble family of Parma has been open to guests since 1987. Hotel, quality restaurant and modern convention halls.
- Hotel Torino,  Borgo A.Mazza,7 43100 tel. +39.0521.281046, fax +39.0521.230725, [email protected]. In the heart of the city, instead of an ancient monastery bombed during the II World War, in the 60's has been partially rebuilt and used as a hotel. Today, it continues its tradition of hospitality and refined after a thorough restructuring aimed to revive the feeling of staying in nice home's atmosphere. The sweet welcome of this residence bring you to the history of the city itself, passing from the Regio Theatre, near the Baptistery, the Cathedral, the Old Pharmacy of St. John and His Church until the oldest University in Italy.
- Palazzo Dalla Rosa Prati,  7 Strada al Duomo - 43100 Parma, Telephone (+39) 0521 386429, Fax: (+39) 0521 502204, . The Palazzo Dalla Rosa Prati is a palace in the center of the historic city center with a number of elegantly appointed suites. The Palazzo is on the quiet and historic Piazza del Duomo mere feet from the famous Baptistry and easy walking distance from all of the main historic and cultural sites. It is located in a pedestrian zone but the owner or his assistant will make parking arrangements for you. The rooms are clean, elegant, spacious and and comfortable with all modern amenities. The owner, Vittorio, and his assistant, Mattia, are gracious and helpful hosts. They speak English. In the evenings there is often an accordion player outside on the piazza playing great old classics. Staying at the Palazzo is a wonderful way to immerse yourself into the life and culture of historic Parma.