Otranto is town in region of Apulia and nearby Lecce in Italy.
Otranto is located on the east coast of the Salento peninsula. The Strait of Otranto, to which the city gives its name, connects the Adriatic Sea with the Ionian Sea and Italy with Albania. The harbour is small and has little trade.
The lighthouse Faro della Palascìa, at approximately 5 km southeast of Otranto, marks the most easterly point of the Italian mainland.
About 50 km south lies the promontory of Santa Maria di Leuca (so called since ancient times from its white cliffs, leukos being Greek for white), the southeastern extremity of Italy, the ancient Promontorium lapygium or Sallentinum. The district between this promontory and Otranto is thickly populated and very fertile.
These towns are nearby:
- The Castello Aragonese (Castle), reinforced by Emperor Frederick II and rebuilt by Alphonso II of Naples in 1485-1498. It has an irregular plan with five sides, with a moat running along the entire perimeter. In origin it had a single entrance, reachable through a draw-bridge. Towers include three cylindrical ones and a bastion called Punta di Diamante ("Diamond's Head"). The entrance sports the coat of arms of Emperor Charles V.
- The Cathedral, consecrated in 1088, a work of Count Roger I adorned later (about 1163), by Bishop Jonathas, with a mosaic floor; it has a rose window and side portal of 1481. The interior, a basilica with nave and two aisles, contains columns said to come from a temple of Minerva and a fine mosaic pavement of 1166, with interesting representations of the months, Old Testament subjects and others. It has a crypt supported by forty-two marble columns. The same Count Roger also founded a Basilian monastery here, which, under Abbot Nicetas, became a place of study; its library was nearly all bought by Bessarion.
- The church of San Pietro, with Byzantine frescoes.
- The catacombs of Torre Pinta.
- Idro, a small river which the toponym Otranto stems from
L'Alto Baffo. Via Cenobio Basiliano, Otranto. In the old town, on the road that runs between the castle and the duomo. Among the tired tourist fodder churned out by most of its neighbours lies a restaurant that proves Italian cooking can be inventive without betraying its roots, and all in the most traditional of settings.
- Hotel Palazzo Papaleo via Rondachi 1 - 73028, Tel. +39.0836.802108 - Fax +39.0836.805129. . A 5 star hotel recently renovated facing the historic center.
- Apartment Villino Turchese Villaggio Selva del Turchese, loc. Casamassella, Otranto Tel. +39.347.0000545. . A cheap accommodation for family and youngs near Otranto (3 km).
- Otranto Guide and photo
- Blog Otranto Appartamenti e Casa vacanze