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Ohio prehistoric sites

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Ohio prehistoric sites

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Human Face Effigy - Woodland Period - Ross County     This article is a travel topic

Understand

Evidence of man in Ohio goes back as far as 13,000 BC, with the first inhabitants after the last ice age most likely being Paleo-Indians who seemed to have disappeared after the Younger Days impact event . Later they were replaced by Archaic people who are refered to as Native Americans. The Archaic period has been seen as divided into Early, Middle and Late Archaic periods, it is thought of as the second (possibly) period of human occupation that took place 8,000 BC to 1,000 BC.. The Woodlands Period went from about 1,000 BC to 700 AD and included the Adena and Hopewell peoples who are sometimes referred to as the Mound Builders. Other cultures extended the Mound Builders period to about 1300 AD.

Timelines

Locations

  • Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, 16062 State Route 104, Chillicothe, Ohio 45601. [[1]] 200 BC to AD 500.
Shrum Mound
  • Adena Conical Burial Mound. AKA Campbell Mound State

Memorial. 20 feet high - 100 feet in diameter. Close to 270 W and I 70 intersection in Columbus OH on Montgomery St. Woodlands Period about 1,000 BC - 700 AD.

  • The Pyramids at Marietta [[2]] at Marietta OH. Little definative information.
    Marietta Eath Works
  • Moundbuilders Earthworks [[3]]This site covers most of Newark, Ohio. Two main areas have been preserved. One area is at the park where you will find an embankment that is 1,200 feet in diameter with earthen walls from 8 to 14 feet hign enclosing a 26 acre area. The other more impressive site (Octagon Earthworks) has a golf course located in it with some efforts of preservation, there is an observation stand. At the park there is a museum of Ohio Indian Art that displays artifacts from all of Ohio's pre-historic indian cultures. Hopewell Indians (100 BC-AD 500)
    Newark OH
  • Wright Earthworks, Newark OH [4] Wright Earthworks, located less than a block west of the SR 79 intersection at Grant St.in Newark, Licking County, Ohio. The earthwork remnants may be viewed from James Street, a short distance from Grant Street and the SR 79 interchange. Hopewell Indians (100 BC-AD 500}(
  • Serpant Mound State Memorial, Peebles (Ohio), [[5]] OH. A serpentine effigy mound built by Adena Indians, approx. 20 feet wide and nearly 0.25 miles long. The effigy represents an uncoiling serpant. Quite an impressive sight. The museum houses artifacts, pottery, implements and models depicting the construction of the Mound. Adena (800 BC-AD 100)

Exhibits

Associations and societies