Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg)  is a city in Bavaria, Germany. It is the largest town in Franconia, a region in the north of Bavaria and is located approximately two hours north of Munich by car and about 1 hour by ICE-Trains.
The town is also the Center of the Metropolitan Region Nuremberg 
When one thinks of Nuremberg, they usually think of Gingerbread, Toys, Christmas or on Reich Party Rally Grounds or the Nuremberg Trials. But the old town of Nuremberg in the shadow of the towering imperial castle is more than that. Gothic churches, splendid patricians’ houses and romantic corners and spots. An atmosphere of lively co-existence between medieval and modern, between the past and the present prevails in Nuremberg.
Nuremberg Airport (IATA: NUE ICAO: EDDN) Nürnberg Flughafen, +49 911-93700, . Air Berlin runs a lot of their flights from Nuremberg. Getting from the airport to the city is no problem. The U2 subway line directly connects Nuremberg Airport with the central train station thus providing access to Nuremberg's city center in about 12 minutes only.
You will probably find yourself arriving by train. The main train station itself is located right next to the old city, which is a stroll away.
Nuremberg is connectet to the major german "Autobahn" network (A3, A6, A72, A9). The traffic in the area, town and parking areas is controlled by the biggest dynamic traffic guidance system (Dynamisches Verkehrsleitsystem) in Europe.
The Port of Nuremberg is located about 6 km southwest of the old town and Main Railway Station.
More information can be found on the website of the Nuremberg Convention and Tourist Office  (English)
The old town is best explored on foot. To get from one part of the old town to another by car or public transport, you will often have to leave the old town and reenter it at a different gate.
By public transport
Nuremberg has various subway lines (U1, U11, U2, U21). The U3, the first line with mixed trains in the world (driverless and driver) start in 2008. six tramway (Line 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9) and numerous bus lines. Most subway and tram lines stop at the main station (Hauptbahnhof). Subway line 1 connects Nuremberg with its neighbour city Fürth, line 2 goes to the airport and the Harbor. From 1 to4 AM you can use the "NightLiner" Bus-Network.
To travel to neighbor cities you can use the S-Bahn Network. S1 Nürnberg Hauptbahnhof–Lauf (links der Pegnitz), S2 Nürnberg Hauptbahnhof–Feucht–Altdorf,S3 Nürnberg Hauptbahnhof–Schwabach–Roth
A single ticket valid in Nuremberg and Fürth costs € 1.80, for short distances € 1.40. A day ticket costs € 3.60 for a single adult (TagesTicket Solo) or € 6.20 for two adults and up to four youths (TagesTicket Plus).
More information can be found on the website of the public transport authority  German,  English,
Nuremberg's old town is divided by the river Pegnitz. The northern half is called Sebalder Alstadt, the southern Lorenzer Altstadt.
- Castle, 24 46 59-0, Every day Apr-Sep 9AM-6PM, Oct-Mar 10AM-4PM. The castle dominates the north-western corner of Nuremberg's old town. In the west (on the right, when coming from the city) the castle starts with Luginsland tower. Between it and the five-cornered tower is the Kaiserstallung. It was built in 1495 in only one year and served originally as storehouse for grain. Today it is used as youth hostel. The five-cornered tower was constructed before 1050 and is the oldest building of the castle and city. Further east are the entry to the castle garden and the castle gate. Through the castle gate one gets to the Freiung, where you can enjoy one of the best views of the old town. If you want to look further you can climb the round tower (Sinwellturm) in the first court of the castle. There you also find the deep well (Tiefer Brunnen). In the main court is the Kemenate on the right and the Palas on the left side. The Palas houses the castle museum, further rooms including the two-storey chapel can be seen on a guided tour. € 6 (Museum, guided tour, Sinwellturm and Tiefer Brunnen. Outside areas free.)
(Note: The guided tour offered by the Castle is only in German. However, another company offers English and other language tours of the town and castle for € 8-10. Information is available inside the Tourist Information Center in the Market Square, where the tour starts).
- Originally Nuremberg's city wall had a length of five kilometers and five gates: Laufer, Spittler-, Frauen-, Neu- und Tiergärtner Tor. From the 13th to the 16th century the wall was continuously strengthened and is one of the reasons why the city withstood all attacks during this time. Nearly four kilometers of the wall are still standing. Only on the east side between the main station and Rathenauplatz are large gaps. The city moat, which was never filled with water, still exists in its full wide for about two kilometers. Between Färbertor and Spittlertor (Plärrer) you should avoid the inner side of the wall, as it runs along Nuremberg's red light district.
- In the castle quarter (Burgviertel) numerous old buildings survived the war. The street Fuell with its sand stone houses is a typical merchant's street. The craftsmen lived in timber-framed houses, many of which have been restored in Weissgerbergasse. More timber-framed houses can be seen in Obere and Untere Kraemersgasse. In Untere Kraemersgasse 16 you can often look into the tiny courtyard.
- Albrecht Dürer's House, Albrecht-Dürer-Straße 39, 231- 2568, . Every day 10AM-5PM (Th -8PM, closed M Oct, Nov, Jan-Jun). The house in which the painter Albrecht Dürer lived and worked from 1509 until 1528. Representative of a wealthy house of that period. Exhibition about life in the house and the way Dürer worked € 5 (valid in all municipal museums), € 2,50 for students.
- St Sebald Church (Sebalduskirche) was built from the 13th to 15th century. In the center of the church is the grave of the city saint, depicting scenes of his life.
- St Lawrence Church (Lorenzkirche) was built from the 13th to 15th century. Among its many treasures are the Tabernacel by Adam Kraft and the Greeting Angels by Veit Stoss.
- Nurembergs Underworld" (Nürnberger Felsengänge)  For many hundreds of years, the sandstone bedrock of Nuremberg's castle hill has been riddled with vaulted cellars and "secret" passageways. Rock-Cut Beer Cellars, Casemates, Water Supply Conduits and World War II Art Bunker. The total square footage today known 20.000 m2.
- Way of Human Rights" (Straße der Menschenrechte)  Is a monumental outdoor sculpture, opened on October 24, 1993. It is sited on the street between the new and old buildings of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, connecting Kornmarkt street and the medieval city wall.
- St. John, the old suburb west of the old town, is best seen on a 30-minute walk from Tiergärtnertor to Hallertor. Still within the walls, the house opposite Dürerhaus is called the house of Pilate. It is the start of the way to St. Johns church, with stations of the cross made by Veit Stoss. Follow this way through the gate, across the main street and turn left. At the next street (Burgschmietstrasse), turn right and follow it until it joins Johannisstrasse which leads us along a few remaining timber-framed houses to St. John's cemetery. Many famous citizen of Nuremberg are buried here. After visiting the cemetery, turn right into Lindengasse, then left into the small alley called Riesenschritt. Here are the entrances to some restored baroque gardens. These small gardens are called Hesperidengaerten. At the lower end of Risenschritt you may wander through the romantic lanes of Gross- and Kleinweidenmuehle. Finally walk through the park along the river back into the city.
- The former Reich Party Rally Grounds, Documentation Centre, Bayernstraße 110 (tramway #9 (from main station) or #6 (from Plärrer) or bus #36 (from Hauptmarkt) to Doku-Zentrum), 231- 5666,  (German:Reichsparteitagsgelände) M-Fr 9AM-6PM, Sa/Su 10AM-6PM. Soon after they came to power in 1933 the Nazis designated Nuremberg as place for their annual party rallies. To demonstrate their power they planned a set of gigantic buildings. Only a fraction of these were actually built. Topics shown in the documentation centre are: How the Nazis rose to power. The organization of the party rallies - how the Nazis fascinated the masses. How the party rallies are connected to the Nazi crimes against minorities and to the world war. € 5 (For the documentation centre. Valid in all municipal museums.). The audio guide (included with admission price) is highly recommended for non-German speakers (and Germans as well).
- The actual rally grounds cover a large area, if you want to tour the area plan to spend one or two hours. It is advisable to start with a visit of the documentation centre. In regards to the Grosser Strasse, unless you want a long walk there is nothing really interesting to see other than a modern long road. A couple industrial businesses are located along the road, as well as a couple footpaths for wooded trails.
- Zoo (German:Tiergarten). Am Tiergarten 30 (tramway #5 (from main station) to Tiergarten), 54546. Every Day, Summer 8AM-7.30PM, Winter 9AM-5PM. The zoo is set in old quarries in the large forest at the eastern edge of the city. € 6.50, Families € 15
- Kraftshof Village Church, Kraftshof (tramway #9 (from main station) or #4 (from Plärrer) to Thon. Change there to bus #31). In the middle ages only towns had the right to build a wall, villages were unprotected against raiding troops. Therefore many villages built walls around the church yard. Kraftshof is a good example. From Kraftshof it is a 30 minutes stroll to Neunhof.
- Neunhof Manor, (German: Schloss Neunhof), Neunhofer Hauptstraße (tramway #9 (from main station) or #4 (from Plärrer) to Thon. Change there to bus #31), . Easter-Sept Sa, Su 10AM-5PM (closed during winter). Nuremberg's patricians had numerous manor houses in the surrounding villages. This is a good example, built in the 16th century. Adjoining is a small baroque garden.
- Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Kartäusergasse 1,13310, . Tu, Th-Su 10AM-6PM, W 10AM-9PM. One of the largest museum of art and crafts in the German-speaking countries. 4EUR (€ 5 during major exhibitions. W from 6PM free.)
- Toy Museum, (German: Spielzeugmuseum), Karlstraße 13-15, 231 - 3260, . Tu-F 10AM-5PM, Sa,Su 10AM-6PM (every day during Christikindlesmarkt and toy fair). Nuremberg was on of the centres of the German toy industry. The exhibition shows wooden and metal toys, dolls and doll houses, model railways and modern toys. € 5 (valid in all municipal museums)
- Verkehrsmuseum, Lessingstraße 6 (subway #2, stop Opernhaus), 230 880. Tu-Su 9AM-5PM. This museum contains two collection the DB Museum (museum of the national railway)  and the Museum for Communication . The railway museum displays the development of railways in Germany from the beginnings in 1835 to today. It has a collection of historic stock and a large model railroad. Its children's areas makes it a good place to visit for families. The museum for communication displays the history of mail and telecommunications. 3€
- New Museum, Klarissenplatz, 240 200, . Tu-Fr 10AM-8PM, Sa/Su 10AM-6PM. Museum showing art and design from 1945 to today. € 3.50 (Su free)
- Fembohaus Citymuseum, Burgstraße 15, 231-2595, . Tu-F 10AM-5PM, Sa/Su 10AM-6PM.A merchant's house built about 1600. Exhibition about the history of the city. € 5 (valid in all municipal museums)
- Museum Industrial Culture, Äußere Sulzbacher Straße 62 (tramway #8 from main station, direction Erlenstegen, stop Tafelwerk), 231-3875, . Exhibition about the industrial revolution, along a museum street you see how living conditions, social life and technology developed during the 19th century. € 5 (valid in all municipal museums, during special exhibitions a higher fee may be charged.)
- Courtroom 600 - Nuremberg Trials, Fürther Straße 110, . Courtroom 600 can only be visited with a guided tour (supplemented by a short introductory film based on historical footage). The guided tours are in German, English information is also available. Open on saturdays and sundays from 1 p.m. - 4 p.m, Tour Every hour on the hour. During renovation from april 2008 to autom 2009 closed.
- Dokumentationszentrum Reichsparteitagsgelände, Bayernstraße 110, . The Documentation Centre is located in the north wing of the Congress Hall of Reich Party Rally Grounds. Open Monday-Friday 9 a.m.-6 p.m., Saturday-Sunday 10 a.m.-6 p.m., Last entry 5 p.m.
- Volksfest, : Like a small Oktoberfest, runs twice a year, typical visitors about 1,6 Million .
- Altstadtfest, : The "Old Town Festival" in september attracts over a million visitors every year, making it the largest folklore event in Germany. The festival offers a broad programme of attractions including processions and concerts. There is also plenty to taste in terms of food and drink at the 'gastronomy market' and at numerous restaurants and beer gardens on Schütt Island and Hans-Sachs-Platz.
- Rock im Park, : An tree day rock event, 60.000 People, run yearly at the same time as Rock Am Ring
- Klassik Open Air, : Twice a year you can listen the "Nürnberger Philharmoniker" and the "Nürnberger Symphoniker". This event is also known as "Woodstock of classik music". For free. Come early, becourse of 60.000 People.
- Bardentreffen, : On the first weekend in the bavarian summer vacations (End of July) you can listen 400 artists from all over the world on eight stages in the town for free. About 200.000 visitors each year.
- Blaue Nacht, : Blue Night – every year in May, museums, churches and other cultural institutions open their doors – until the early morning hours. Art and light installations, music and performances in Nuremberg's inner city streets invite people to stroll about, look, listen and be amazed. About 120,000 visitors are expected every year.
- Lange Nacht der Wissenschaften, : “The Long Night Of Science”, – in October many companys, the Institute of Technology, the universitys are open for the public.
- Internationales Figurentheater-Festival, : Every two years, the curtains go up in Nuremberg for Germany's biggest puppet theatre festival. About 50 ensembles from many nations take to the stages of the conurbation and show the latest trends.
- Christkindlesmarkt, : Famous Christmas market held every year from Friday before the first advent Sunday to December 23. On weekends it is often overcrowded.
- Trempelmärkte, : Nuremberg Flea Markets. On the second weekend in May and on the first weekend in September Nuremberg’s Old Town transforms itself into Germany’s largest flea market with about 4000 booths. Children have there own, at no charge area, allowing them to sell their old and not so old toys.
- 1. FC Nuremberg, : The "Club" was founded in 1900 and is one of the most tradition-steeped football clubs in Germany. The Club play their Bundesliga home games in the easyCredit-Stadion.
- Norisring DTM Speedweekend, : Once a year world famous “Norisring”, the 200 miles from Nuremberg happens to the car race maniacs. This race track is known as "little Monaco", becourse they use also normal streets. The world famous race drivers on hot wheels attract over 140.000 peoples.
- Radrennen "Rund um die Nürnberger Altstadt, : Cycle Race “Round the Old Town” The cycle race is one of the most important events in the Nuremberg sports calendar and is a firmly fixed event for the international cycling sport. The high quality of the race circuit makes this event really standout against the many cycle races held in Germany. More than 100,000 spectators are able to watch the Nuremberger cycle race.
- ION - MUSICA SACRA, : International Organ Week. Presented for the first time in 1951 by church musicians of the two major protestant churches of Nürnberg, the “Internationale Orgelwoche Nürnberg” - Musica Sacra (ION) is one of Germany's biggest and oldest festivals of sacred and organ music. Each year Nürnberg becomes the "centre of the organ universe".
- Climbing Factory  - indoor climbing on 850 m2
- real climbing - at Frankenjura area
- Soccer  1. FCN - soccer and more
- Ice Hockey - Ice Tigers  play in the Deutschen Eishockey Liga (DEL)
- Biggest multiplexcinema in germany. The CINECITTA . 18 movie theaters, one IMAX theater, one "motion action drive" cinema, 3 Restaurants, 12 Bars und 5 outside terraces with view on the historic town.
Nuremberg's main shopping district ist the Lorenzer Altstadt, the part of the old town south of river Pegnitz. There are three shopping streets running from the white tower (Weißer Turm) to the vicinity of St Lawrence church (Lorenzkirche): The cheapest stores can be found in Breite Gasse, in Karolinenstrasse you find mid-priced stores and Kaisserstraße, next to the river, offers luxury goods. At their eastern end the three streets are connected by the street Königsstraße, which runs from the main station via St Lawrence church to the main market place. The biggest department stores, Karstadt, Galeria Kaufhof and Breuninger, are located here. On Trödelmarkt you find some small snugly shops.
- City Point, Breite Gasse 5, 90402 Nürnberg (City)
- mercado, Äußere Bayreuther Strasse 80, 90491 Nürnberg (North)
- Franken-Center, Glogauer Straße 30-38, 90473 Nürnberg (South)
The shopping streets and smaller centres outside the old town have less to offer. Only visit them if you are looking for a specific shop.
Ginger bread (Lebkuchen): Several large manufacturers and a number of small bakeries produce these. The best quality is called Elisenlebkuchen. The large manufactures sell packages labeled Bruch(broken), but they usually don't contain broken ginger bread, its just a trick: You get them cheaper, but you can hardly use a package labeled broken as a gift.
Bratwurst (roasted sausage): Within the city you get Nuernberger Bratwuerste, in the surrounding area Fraenkische Bratwuerste. Nuernberger are only about half the size, but contain more spices than Fraenkische. Consequently one typically eats three Fraenkische or six Nuernberger. In restaurants Bratwuerste are served with Sauerkraut or potato salad. In some better Restaurants you can order also "Saure Zipfel", cooked Bratwuerste in vinegar-onion sauce with fresh horseradish and bread. On the street you can also buy two or three sausages in a roll. But be careful to get "real" Nuernberger and not "foreign" Thueringer Bratwuerste.
Many food stalls and fast food restaurants can be found along Königstraße leading from the main station into the old town.
One stand is located in the middle of the street perpendicular to the front of the Lorenzkirche.
- Historische Bratwurstküche - Zum Guldenen Stern, Zirkelschmiedsgasse 26, 2059288. Restaurant specialized on roasted sausages in an old timber-framed house. € 6.30 (for six sausages)
- Bratwursthäusle, Rathausplatz 1, 227695. M-Sa 10AM-11.30PM Restaurant specialized on roasted sausages. € 5.50 (for six sausages)
- Heilig Geist Spital, Spitalgasse 16, 221761. Mainly local cuisine. Historic dining room situated over the river Pegnitz.
- Tucher Bräu am Opernhaus, Am Kartäusertor 1 (subway #2, stop Opernhaus), 204649. M-F 5PM-12PM, Sa 3PM-12PM, Su 11AM-12PM. Local cuisine. Beergarden on the city wall.
- KonTiki, Untere Wörthstrasse 10-14, direct on river Pegnitz). Local, Steak and Fish cuisine. Small Beergarden.
- Blauer Adler (Blue Eagle): - A good, albeit relatively expensive, cocktail bar. It is attached to the west of the main train station (Hauptbahnhof).
- Cubano: - Another good cocktail bar in Innere Laufer Gasse (northeast of the town hall).
- The Barfüßer is a lively German-style pub, where you can have a keg delivered to your table and pour your own drinks as you go. Hearty Franconian food is on the menu.
There are two hostels:
- DJH (YHA/HI), Burg 2 (situated in the former castle stables to the north of the old city), +49 911 2309360 ([email protected], +49 911 23093611), . Note that DJH/YHA/HI membership is required (or an extra fee is paid) and, as in all YHA hostels in Bavaria, persons over 27 years of age are only admitted if the hostel is not full. Closed: 24/12/2006 to 26/12/2006. B&B from €18.90; half board from €23.20; full board from €26.50 (linen included in price).
- Lette'm Sleep, Frauntormauer 42 (near the town wall), +49 911 9928128 ([email protected], fax +49 911 9928130), . Relaxed atmosphere in the center of medieval Nuremberg. Mixed dorms, free tea and coffee, free internet, good location (5-min walk from train station), English spoken, linen &euro 3 extra. €11 - 20 (dorm, linen €3), €44 - 52 (twin, double).
- Jugend Hotel, Rathsbergstr. 300, (near the airport), +49 911 5216092 ( [email protected], fax +49 911 5216954), . A Hostel to live and feel comfortable. Wheelchair accessible rooms, barbecue, TV-lounge, English spoken. Multible bed, (3-6 bed) with shower/wc, from 16 &euro. Twin bed, with shower/wc 19.50 &euro. Single room, with shower/wc, from 25,50 &euro. Breakfast buffet and lunch packed 5.50 &euro.
- Don Bosco Jugendwerk, Don-Bosco-Straße 2, (center, direction to Fürth), +49 911 93179-0 ( [email protected], fax +49 911 93179-35), . A house for young and young-at-heart people. Twin bed, with shower/wc 20,00 € &euro. Single room, with shower/wc, from 25,00 &euro. Breakfast 2 &euro. Dinner 4,50 &euro.
According to the state police, it has the lowest crime rate of the cities with more than 400,000 inhabitants.
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