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New Mexico Pueblos

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Revision as of 05:25, 3 February 2009 by PerryPlanet (talk | contribs) (San Ildefonso Pueblo)
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New Mexico Pueblos

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    This article is a travel topic

One of the primary attractions of New Mexico is its large and diverse collection of American Indian (or, if you prefer, Native American -- both terms are used in the state) pueblos, reservations, artwork, and of course, people. The 19 pueblos are spread across north central, central, and northwest New Mexico. Each pueblo is unique, with their own distinct artistic styles, attractions, and customs.



Many, but by no means all, of the pueblo communities welcome visitors, usually with some restrictions. Following are some tips if you're planning to see the sights of these communities:

  • Please respect local regulations regarding photography and sketching! Most north-central and central pueblos require would-be photographers and artists to pay for permits issued by the pueblo administration, and some don't allow photography or sketching at all. Do not photograph tribal members without first asking permission. Those who break the rules risk having their cameras and film confiscated. You will also want to refrain from bringing a cell phone onto a pueblo, as tribal officials could confiscate cell phones if they feel they might be used for photography. If the restrictions seem draconian, remember that these are not museum exhibits or theme parks, they're towns and settlements where people live their daily lives.
  • Like any other village, these pueblos are a home to someone, so respect their property and their privacy. Do not litter. Do not enter homes unless invited to do so. Stay far away from kivas, ceremonial rooms, and cemeteries.
  • Most of the pueblos and reservations hold ceremonial dances, feasts and sings that welcome visitors, as well as some others of a more private, religious nature at which visitors are unwelcome if not forbidden. Bear in mind that the pueblo people are very protective of their religious beliefs, so don't press questions about pueblo religion. You are also required to be silent during dances and ceremonies, which means no applauding and no talking to the participants. If this seems odd, think of the dances not as a performance, but as a religious ceremony - the equivalent of a church mass.
  • Alcohol and drugs are not allowed on pueblo land.
  • For many residents of some pueblos and reservations, not only is English not the primary daily language, it may not be spoken fluently or at all. Most residents in the "service" sector (i.e., those you'll interact with first) are as fluent in English as their Anglo colleagues in neighboring communities, and there is no reason to speak to them in a patronizing or condescending manner. However, if you venture far from the main tourist centers, you may run into language issues, although you're still odds-on to deal with English speakers. Patience and gestures will overcome many obstacles, but be aware that in certain areas it is considered rude to point with extended fingers. A nod or tip of the head for indicating direction is considered more polite (true among fluent English speakers as well).


  • Indian Pueblo Cultural Center, 2401 12th Street NW (just north of I-40 in Albuquerque), +1 505 843-7270, [1]. Every day 9AM-4:30PM, closed on major holidays. Operated by the 19 Indian Pueblos of New Mexico, this museum has a large collection of artifacts of the culture and history of the pueblo people. The center also has art galleries, a children's area, photo archives, restaurant and gift shop. Indian Dances are a frquent event. $6 adults, $4 children, under age 5 free.

Eight Northern Pueblos

Spread across North Central New Mexico, from north to south:

Taos Pueblo

+1 575 758-1028, [2]. M-Sa 8AM-4PM, Su 8:30AM-4PM. The pueblo closes late winter to early spring for about ten weeks for tribal rituals. $10 per adult, $5 per student, children under 13 free. Photography/filming allowed; $5 fee. Professional/commercial photographers and artists must apply for a permit beforehand.

Located just outside the town of Taos and the only pueblo which is also on the UNESCO World Heritage List, Taos is one of the most popular pueblos for tourists due to its strikingly well-preserved multi-story village which looks much the same as it has for hundreds of years. The San Geronimo Feast Day is held on September 30. The pueblo also operates the Taos Mountain Casino, located just outside the pueblo entrance.

Picuris Pueblo

The smallest of the pueblos population-wise, Picuris is located in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains between Taos and Española, near the small community of Peñasco. The St. Lawrence Feast Day is held on August 10.

Ohkay Owingeh Pueblo

Located just north of Española, Ohkay Owingeh (formerly known as San Juan Pueblo) is the headquarters of the Eight Northern Pueblos. The St. John the Baptist Feast Day is held on June 23-24.

Santa Clara Pueblo

Just south of Española, Santa Clara is perhaps most well known for their unique black and red pottery. The St. Clare Feast Day is held on August 12.

San Ildefonso Pueblo

A short distance south of Española, San Ildefonso is most famous for being the home of Maria Martinez, known for her black-on-black pottery style which has become popular for many pueblo potters. The San Ildefonso Feast Day is held on January 23.

Pojoaque Pueblo

At Pojoaque you won't find any historic structures due to the pueblo's troubled history, having been abandoned and reestablished a few times since the arrival of Europeans. Pojoaque is more of a stop-over between Santa Fe and Española these days, with a casino, resort, and truck stop. The Our Lady of Guadalupe Feast Day is held on December 10.

Nambé Pueblo

Just east of Pojoaque, Nambe is a small village without any major attractions for the average visitor. The San Francisco de Assisi Feast Day is held on October 4.

Tesuque Pueblo

A short distance north of Santa Fe, Tesuque is a small pueblo most well known for being the home of Camel Rock, an unusual rock formation along the road between Santa Fe and Española which, from certain angles, does indeed look like a camel. Just across the road is the pueblo's Camel Rock Casino. The San Diego Feast Day is held on November 12.

Central New Mexico Pueblos

Roughly from north to south:

Cochiti Pueblo

South of Santa Fe, Cochiti is the home of Cochiti Lake and administers the nearby Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument, a scenic park with some lovely geologic formations. The St. Bonaventure Feast Day is held on July 14.

Santo Domingo Pueblo

Just south of Cochiti, Santo Domingo is a very scenic village. The Domingo St. Dominic Feast Day is held on August 4.

San Felipe Pueblo

Along I-25 between Santa Fe and Albuquerque, San Felipe is a small village which also runs a casino on I-25. The St. Phillip Feast Day is held on May 1.

Santa Ana Pueblo

Just outside the village of Bernalillo, Santa Ana Pueblo operates a casino and a luxury resort. The St. Anne Feast Day is held on July 26.

Zia Pueblo

Northeast of Bernalillo, Zia doesn't have much for the tourist but is well known across New Mexico because of the Zia Sun Symbol, which is on the New Mexico state flag. The Our Lady of Assumption Feast Day is held on August 15.

Jemez Pueblo

Northeast of Bernalillo and near the Jemez Mountains. The San Diego Feast Day is held on November 12.

Sandia Pueblo

Just north of Albuquerque, Sandia runs the Sandia Casino and the Bien Mur Indian Market Center. The St. Anthony Feast Day is held on June 13.

Isleta Pueblo

Located south of Albuquerque, Isleta is a scenic village and runs the Isleta Casino. The St. Augustine Feast Day is held on September 4.

Northwest New Mexico Pueblos

From east to west:

Laguna Pueblo

East of Grants, Laguna is a small pueblo that is a little off the beaten path. The St. Joseph Feast Day is held on September 19.

Acoma Pueblo

East of Grants, Acoma is a striking and very historic village, located atop a tall mesa. Much like Taos, Acoma village has changed little over hundreds of years and could be the oldest continuously inhabited community in the United States (a title which is also claimed by Hopi Pueblo in Arizona). The St. Stephen Feast Day is held on September 2.

Zuni Pueblo

Located south of Gallup, Zuni is a large and historic pueblo.


Feast Days

All of the pueblos (excluding Zuni) hold feast days, an annual celebration in which the pueblo's patron saint is honored. Many pueblos have succeeded in reconciling their historic religious practices with the dominant Christian (particularly Catholic) practice, and celebrations are open to the general public, with many festivities and food. Dates for feast days are covered above under the individual pueblos.







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