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Nathdwara

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Nathdwara

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Nathdwara is a town in Rajasthan famous for temple of Lord Shrinathji ( Shri Krishna ). It is the main religious place for Hindus of Pushti Marg Vaishnavs.

One can reach Nathdwara By Roadways, Railways, or Airways. Indian Airlines, Jet Airways & Kingfisher Airlines services are available till Udaipur which is 50 KMS from Shreenathji. Taxi & Bus services are available from Udaipur to reach Nathdwara

Similarly, we can reach Phalna, Udaipur, Chittadgadh & Mavli by Railway which is 120 Kms, 50 Kms, 110 Kms & 30 Kms respectively. Bus & Taxi Services are constantly available.


Facts about Nathdwara Location: South of Jaipur. Distance: Jaipur (355 km), Jodhpur (220 km), Udaipur (48 km) STD Code: 02953 Area: 9.8 sq km. Language: Hindi, gujrati, mewadi & English, Braj bhasha Altitude: 413 meters Clothing: Summer light tropical (cotton) for summer & Light woolen for winter

Weather In Summer: 42 C (Max) - 25 C (Min) In winter: 22 C (Max) - 4 C (Min) Rainy Season : from July to Mid Sept, and very humid (Upton 90%)

Nathdwara is a city in Rajasthan state of western India. It is located in the Aravalli hills[1], on the banks of the Banas River in Rajsamand District, just north of Udaipur. This holy town is famous for its temple of Krishna which houses the Shrinathji, a 12th century "infant" incarnation idol (murti) of Krishna. The idol was moved in the 17th century from Govardhan hill, near Mathura along holy river Yamuna, to protect it from the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's campaign against Hindu worship in his empire. The Haveli of Shrinathji (as the temple is called), was once a royal palace of the Sesodia Rajput rulers of Mewar. However, the Holkar Marathas did what Aurangzeb could not do, and plundered the area and took booty from the temple in 1734, prompting the Rajputs to wake up to the Maratha threat.

Shri Nathdwara (a pathway to Lord Shri Krishna) lies 48 km from Udaipur and literally means the gateway to the Lord Shri Nathji. This great Vaishnavite shrine was built in the 17th century on spot exactly identified by the Lord himself. The legends have it[who?] that the idol of the Lord Krishna was being transferred to safer place from Vrindaban to protect it from the destructive wrath of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. When the idol reached this spot, the wheels of bullock cart it was traveling in, sank axel deep in mud and refused to move further, at all. The accompanying priest realised that this was Lord's chosen spot and the Lord did not want to travel any further. Accordingly a Temple was built here. This is a temple and place of pilgrimage amongst its believers.

Devotees throng the shrine in large numbers during occasions of "Janmashtami" the day of Lord's birth and other festivals like Holi, Diwali. The priests treat it like a living deity, and they tend to the Lord with daily normal function like bathing, dressing, meals called "Prasad" and the resting times in regular intervals. This deity is believed to be infant Lord Krishna, and hence special care is taken, accordingly. The priests in all Havelis are believed to be from the kul (descendants) of Shri Vallabh Acharya, the founder of this deity's idol at Govardhan hill, near Mathura.

The main attractions are the Aartees and the Shringar, i.e. the dressing and beautifying of the idol of Lord, treating it as a person, adorning it with best appropriate dresses for the time of day / night. The intricately woven shaneels and silk clothe have original zari and embroidery work done upon them, along with tonnes of real precious jewels. The formal prayers are offered with diya, incense sticks, flowers, fruit and other offerings, with local instruments and devotional songs of the Lord Shrinathji, according to the demand of the time and occasion. The view of the idol, called jhakhi, after the ‘‘parda’’ (curtain) is removed is a spectacular sight, that is simply mesmerizing, leading to a melee (gully) of visitors crowding to have a glimpse (jhakhi) of divine Lord. The mystic, spirited aura of India comes alive.

Nathdwara has a small but throbbing township around the temple. Its shopping in the bye lanes is a great revelation. It is famous for its 'Pichwai Paintings', with Shri Krishna in the centre of various raas-lila (pictures depicting godly acts, instances & dances) and is recognized for profuse use of pure gold color. Also, devotees prefer to buy specially made frames of Shri Nath ji, depicting various practices of dressing and rituals of the Lord for prayers at their house, made by local artists, as photographs of the idol are strictly prohibited.

Contents [hide] 1 Geography and Transport 2 History 3 Demographics 4 Artists of Nathdwara 5 Notable citizens 6 See also 7 External links 8 References


[edit] Geography and Transport Nathdwara is located at 24°56′N 73°49′E / 24.93°N 73.82°E / 24.93; 73.82[1]. It has an average elevation of 585 metres (1919 ft).Being located just 48 km north of Udaipur in Rajasthan this town is easily reached by air, road or nearest rail-head. A steady stream of pilgrims has ensured a plentiful supply of transport and accommodation at Nathdwara. Set amid idyllic hills, it provides a welcome respite from the scorching heat of Rajasthan.

[edit] History Shri Vallabh Acharya, the founder of Pushti Sect of Vaishnavite, along with the help of Vraj Vasi (people of Vraj), located the Lord Shrinathji on the top of Govardhan hills of Vraj bhoomi. Shri Vallabh and his disciples constructed a huge temple on the Govardhan hill and installed the murti (idol) for Vaishnavs who follow the Pushti-marg. The installation was accompanied by Annakuta ceremony, a huge feast offered to the Lord.


The Holy Gate. Till today Shrinathji is worshipped by priests from this kul (genealogical descendents) of Shri Vallabh, in all Havelis around the world, which have also been established only by them. The town is often called Shrinathji rather than its original name, Nathdwara. During any major Hindu festival it is common to see enormous crowds packing the entire town and the temple complex.

Life in this town revolves around the Haveli, the term used for all the temples of the Pushtimarg Vaishnavism, probably because this temple was situated in a small fortress i.e. Haveli, once a royal palace of the Sesodia Rajput rulers of Mewar when it was shifted here from Mathura, to protect it from obvious danger it was in during the time of Mughal ruler Aurangzeb's campaign against Hindu worship in his empire.

Interestingly, this is one of the most colorful sects within the devotional side of Hinduism, which, also happens to be one of the few that do not advocate renunciation for spiritual growth. It is this worldly, practical and realistic view of life that lends itself to the colorfulness of this sect. This modest temple attracts Krishna devotees from all over the world including various parts of India, but is significantly important to the Gujarati people of India. Notably majority of Gujarati community is well known for their trade & entrepreneurial spirit and leading business tycoons (viz. Ambanis), thereby making it one of the wealthiest temples of India.

Shrinathji was evidently, quite popular with other medieval devotees, as well, as there were Gaudiya preachers who founded Shrinathji temples in present-day Pakistan (Dera Ghazi Khan), earlier a part if undivided India and not far from here. Shrinathji was even worshipped as far away as Russia (in the lower Volga region) and other places on the Central Asian trade routes. Tradition holds that he will one day return to Govardhan.

There are many dharmashalas as well as hotels to stay in Nathdwara. The dharmashalas are run by the "Mandir Mandal Trust".

[edit] Demographics As of 2001[update] India census[2], Nathdwara had a population of 37,007. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Nathdwara has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 65%. In Nathdwara, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

[edit] Artists of Nathdwara Nathdwara Artists are a group of artists working around the precincts of the famous Nathdwara temple in Rajasthan. They are renowned for splendid Rajasthani style paintings, called “Pichwai Paintings” belonging to the Mewar School. The paintings revolve around the image of Shri Nath ji, the enigmatic black-faced figure of Krishna who is shown holding up Mount Govardhan. Over the centuries these artists have produced a work of gorgeous illustrations. Several authoritative books have been published on this subject[2]. Apart from Pichwai Paintings, the artists also produce small-scale paintings on paper. Themes from the Krishna legend predominate. Mentioned under notable citizens are some of the famous artists[3]who have won accolades/awards in the past.

[edit] Notable citizens Shri Ghasiram (1869–1931), the town's most famous painter [3] Kundanlal (c.1860-c.1930) studied for three years at the Slade School in London, worked in a style influenced by European art. SumanjiLate Sh. Bhagwan Das Sharma "Suman" - Poet & Adhikari of Shrinathji Mandir) Munimji Late Sh. Sundar Lal Paliwal - Famous Munim of Shri Krishna Bhandar, Shrinathji Temple )] B. G. Sharma, Famous miniature painter was born in Nathdwara on 5 August 1924[4]. The Shri B.G. Sharma Art Gallery is located 50 km away in Udaipur[5]. Dr Girija Vyas - Political leader (Chairperson of National Women Commission) [edit] See also Govardhan hill [edit] External links ShriNathji.com Nathdwara Temple Information [4] [5] [edit] References ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Nathdwara ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. http://web.archive.org/web/20040616075334/http://www.censusindia.net/results/town.php?stad=A&state5=999. Retrieved 2008-11-01. ^ Shri Nathji at Home ^ Udaipur Plus biography retrieved June 1, 2007 ^ Fodor's Rajasthan: B. G. Sharma Art Gallery in Udaipur retrieved June 1, 2007




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About Nathdwara


Arrival Of Shrinathji At Nathdwara.

Once, while Shri Gusainji was in his way to Dwarka , he saw a very lovely spot in Mevar, Rajasthan, called Sinhad and mentioned to Harivanshaji, “In the future, Shrinathji will reside here. As long as I am here, Shrinathji will not leave the Govardhan Hill.” Shri Gusainji then stayed there for two days. The King of the region, Shri Udaya Singh, came for his darshan and presented him with one hundred gold coins. Shri Gusainji blessed him with one of his shawls. After the king accepted it, he bowed to Shri Gusainji and returned to his palace. Later his queen came. She was the daughter of the princess Mirabai. Ajabkunvari, took initiation from Shri Gusainji decided ti head on to Dwarka, Ajaba fainted at the thought of separation from him. Then Shri Gusainji told her, “I cannot live here, but Shrinathji will daily come here and allow you His Darshan.”

Afterwards, Shrinathji daily came from the Govardhan Hill to Mever to appear before Ajaba. After playing the board game Choper with her, Shrinathji would return to the Govardhan Hill. One day Ajaba requested, “ In your Comings and Goings to Mevar from the Govardhan hill, You are very troubled. Live here on Mevar, then I can always see You.”

Shrinathji replied, “As long as Shri Gusainji remains on the earth, I Will not leave the Govarthan Hill. Afterwards, I will Definitely come to mevar and will stay here for many years. Then, when Shri Gusainji again appears in his lineage, I will return to Braja and will play at the Goverdhan Hill for many Years.” Saying that, Shrinathji returned to the Goverthan Hill.

Many years later, Shrinathji remembered that He was supposed to move to Mevar to Mevar and thought, “I Must go to Mevar. But Shri Mahaprabhuji has established My temple on the Goverthan Hill, so the lineage holders will only agree to the move Mevar.”

And hence he forced Aurangzeb to attack the temple and he then with Navneetpriyaji & all balaks left for Mevar which is now called Nathdwara.


Background and importance of Nathdwara.

Situated in ideallic surroundings with the River Banas girdling it towards the West and the North and hills and dales surrounding it on all sides, Sinhad of yore at the time of the advent of Lord Shrinathji- a tiny hamlet inhabited by a few Brahmans and tribes subservient, living in thatched huts, can now Icgimatcly claim to be a developing town ship with a population ncaring fifty thousand equipped with all modern amenities, pulsating with lift and ceaseless human activity, as a nerve centre of this region. Nathdwara, the present version of the three hundred years old Sinhad. is the seat of the premier Pushtimargiya Shrine of Lord Shrinathji, the cynosure of all Pushtimargiya Vaishanavas and claims its name through him having been variously known in history as Shrinathji Dwar. Shriji Dwar, Shri Nathdwara , and Nathdwara (gateway of Shrinathji) it is a place visited by every Pushtimargiya Vaishanava to lie prostrate and donate and offer in all humality, all that he can spare, out of reverence & veneration towards the Lord.

Attractions Near Nathdwara

Shri Vitthalnathji’s Temple Shri Dwarikadhishji’s Temple (Kankroloi) – 15 kms Shri Hariraiji’s Bhaithak (Khamnor) – 15 kms Chetak Smarak (Haldi Ghaati) - 17 kms Shri Ekling Mahadevji – 35 kms ShriNathji’s Charan-Chowki(Ghasiyaar) – 40 kms ShriNathji’s Charan-Chowki(Udaipur) – 50 kms Chaar Bhujaaji – 52 kms Ranakpur – 108 kms Rushabdevji (Kesariyaji) – 110 kms Shri Aavri Mataji – 110 kms Chittodgadh – 112 kms Mount Abu – 190 kms

Buy

Eat

Aloo poha, at the time of Mangla darshan

Drink

The Thandai made of pure milk and dry fruits is a very famous drink available at Chowppaty. Also one can enjoy kasmiri soda late evening

Sleep

Contact

Get out


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