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[[Image:Munnar11.jpg|thumb|400px|Munnar hills]]
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'''Munnar''' is a hill station in the [[India|Indian]] state of [[Kerala]].  
 
'''Munnar''' is a hill station in the [[India|Indian]] state of [[Kerala]].  
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[[Image:Kerala distence map.jpeg|thumb|250px|Kerala distance map]]
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
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The town is divided into two parts, Old Munnar, where the tourist information office is, and Munnar, where the bus station and most guest houses are located.
 
The town is divided into two parts, Old Munnar, where the tourist information office is, and Munnar, where the bus station and most guest houses are located.
  
The region in and around Munnar varies in height from 1,500 m (4,921 ft) to 2,695 m (8,842 ft) above mean sea level. It is pronounced "Moon-aar" short for "moonu aar" meaning 3 rivers. Three rivers - Madupetti, Nallathanni and Periavaru which flow through this town, but join some distance away from Munnar.  
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The region in and around Munnar varies in height from 1,500 m (4,921 ft) to 2,695 m (8,842 ft) above mean sea level. It is pronounced "Moon-aar" short for "moonu aar" meaning 3 rivers. Three rivers - Mattupetti, Nallathanni and Periavaru which flow through this town, but join some distance away from Munnar.  
  
 
Munnar is famous for its tea plantations, many of them started by the British. The "Kannan Devan" brand of Tea from the Tata is cultivated and processed here.   
 
Munnar is famous for its tea plantations, many of them started by the British. The "Kannan Devan" brand of Tea from the Tata is cultivated and processed here.   
  
The strobilanthus ("neelakurinji" in Malayalam, the local language), a blue flower which blooms only every 12 years, is found in this region. It bloomed last in December 2006. Munnar also has the highest peak in South India, Anamudi, at 2,695 m.
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The strobilanthus ("Neelakurinji" in Malayalam and Tamil, the local language), a blue flower which blooms only every 12 years, is found in this region. It bloomed last in December 2006. Munnar also has the highest peak in South India, Anamudi, at 2,695 m.
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Eravikulam national park is one of the main tourist attraction, where you can find the endangered species of Nilgiri Tahr (mountain goat called "varayadu" in Malayalam and Tamil). A trek to Rajamala ("King of hills" in Malayalam), in the morning is sure to spot a few friendly mountain goats. You can also find Gaur, Langur, Lion-tailed macaque, and Elephants depending on the season and time of travel. The altitude is 1,600-1.800 m above sea level. Temperature ranges from a minimum of 0⁰C to a maximum of 28⁰C. Warm clothes and rain gear is recommended. The tourist season is from  Aug-Mar.
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You can arrange a cab/taxi from Ernakulam Railway station, they will charge (round trip) from Rs 5000 to Rs 7000.
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===History of Munnar===
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The tradition that Col Arthur Wellesley, later to be the Duke of Wellington, leading a British detachment from Vandiperiyar to Bodinayakanur, then over the High Range and into the Coimbatore plains to cut off Tippu Sultan’s retreat from Travancore, was the first Englishman in the High Range appears to be belied by the dates involved. If the story is a dozen years too early for Wellesley, it is quite possible that some other officer in General Meadow’s Army may have had that distinction. Unfortunately, no record of that pioneering mountain crossing has been traced. What is available is a record of that pioneering mountain crossing has been traced. What is available is a record of the surveying of this terrain in 1816-17 by Lt Benjamin Swayne Ward, son of Col Francis Swayne Ward to whom we owe many of the early views of Madras and South India Now available in lithprints.
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Ward and his assistant Lt Eyre Connor were on orders to map the unexplored country between Cochin and Madurai and so they followed the Periyar into the mountains and then headed north into what at that time was described as ‘‘ the dark impenetrable forests of the High Range’’. They lost men to at least one elephant charge, suffered agony from leech bites and once ran so short of food that a deer run down and being feasted on by wild dogs was manna for the party and their jungle guides. The subsequent report by Ward and Connor was to lead to the Periyar Dam project, completed only in the 1890s,but for the present they were more pre occupied getting into the mountains that they could see towering in the distance from Bodi. Then, on October 14, 1817, ‘‘the weather having improved the ascent into the High Range began’’.
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Their first major camp was at a flat promontory at 6000 feet. And this was ever afterwards to be known as Top Station. Moving north, they saw to their south the Cardamom Hills, a slope 45 miles long and 30 wide from the heights above Bodi stretching into Travancore. To their north there appeared to be grasslands on high rock peaks. And in front of them, ‘‘an outstanding mountain, shaped like an elephant’s head’’. On November 8, they established camp at the confluence of three rivers, which they judged to be the centre of the district, and from Munnar (Moonar – three rivers), as it came to be known, they surveyed the area, discovered  the  ancient village of Neramangalam in ruins but surmised that it might well have been from here that ivory and peacock feathers, pepper and cardamom, sandalwood and other timber went to the lands to the West across the Arabian Sea”.
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It was to be nearly 50 years later that Sir Charles Trevelyan, Governor of Madras, instructed  Col Douglas Hamilton to explore the hill country in the western part of the Madras Presidency, requesting special advice on the feasibility of  establishing sanatoria for the British in the South and of developing revenue- earning projects without endangering the environment, as had happened in Ceylon where coffee had destroyed not only the rain forest but also paddy cultivation in the north – central rice bowl of ancient Ceylon.
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Marching south along the Anamallai, Hamilton saw ‘‘the grandest and most extensive (view) I have ever beheld; some of the precipices are of stupendous magnitude and the charming variety of scenery comprising undulating grassy hills, wooded valleys, rocky crags, overhanging precipices, the green rice fields far below in the valley of the Anchanad, the grand mass of the Pulunies (beyond) and the blue ranges in the far distance, present a view far beyond my power to describe…’’
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On May 7, 1862, Hamilton set out to climb Anaimudi, following a ‘‘well worn elephant path, ascending the opposite slope by a series of short zigzags that were so perfect and regular that we could scarcely Eravikulam plateau (later Hamilton’s Plateau), watered by two streams, one of which bordered the Eravikulam swamp before cascading down 1000 feet in a beautiful waterfall. Separating the plateau from Anaimudi was a deep, thickly forested ravine – later called Inaccessible Valley and, detouring it, they began the climb from the east to the peak. ‘‘On our return, we followed an elephant path for several miles, the gradient of this path was truly wonderful, these sagacious animals avoiding every steep or difficult  ascent, except at one hill which was cleverly zigzagged, owing to masses of sheer rock preventing a regular incline being taken.’’
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It was to be 15 years later before another report came in. But this was more significant from the viewpoint of this history, for though it came as a result of the shikar expeditions of the ever-exploring John Daniel Munro, he was an opener – up of land and a pioneering planter first and a  shikari  second. Reporting on the High Range in 1877, he wrote, ‘‘ Exclusive of the low Unjenaad valley which is not above 3100 feet, the area within these boundaries may be roughly estimated at 200 square miles with an elevation over 5000 ft … Much of this is worthless land, but there is a good deal fit for cultivation … Coffee … would succeed well at a somewhat lower elevation, and Tea and Cinchona would grow miles available for these purposes, and there being the great inducement of a good climate, it will doubtless not be many years before these fine hills get occupied’’.
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And Munro, who always had a long – range view of things, indeed proved right again. Mention has already been made of the journey into these hills by Henry Turner and his half – brother ‘Thambi’ A W Turner, the concessions that Munro, then Superintendent of the Cardamom Hills for the Raja of Travancore, got them from the Raja, and the Society the three of them formed in 1879 with Rs 450,000 capital. The agreement they entered into with the Rajah read in part: ‘‘The annual sum of one half British rupee on every acre of  land other than grassland comprised in such deed which has already been or shall hereafter from time to time be opened up for the purpose of cultivation or otherwise’’.
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While Thambi Turner began in 1879 clearing the forest round the Devikulam camp, later to become the taluk headquarters, Henry returned to Madras and began looking for others willing to take up land here. The first to do so was Baron George Otto Von Rosenberg of Dresden and his sister who were kin of the Turners by marriage. The Baron opened up Manalle, later a part of the family’s Lockhart Estate, and it was developed by his son Baron John Michael in the 1890s, the first tennis court in the hills being added. It was property that was to remain for years in the family. Then came A H Sharp, who opened up Parvathi in the wilds and planted the first tea, to be followed by C Donovan. In1881 came E J Fowler to open up Aneimudi Estate and in 1882, C O Master and G W Claridge, C W W Martin, a fellow of Henry Turner’s in the Madras Civil Service , sent his 18 – year – old nephew Aylmer Ffoulke Martin (Toby) to open Sothuparai near Chittavurrai in 1883 and Toby Martin ever seemed to be clearing new land for others after that. Other estates of this era were H M Knight’s Surianalle, Panniar belonging to J A Hunter and K E Nicoll and the Turners’ Talliar where the last coffee in the High Range flourished on 700 acres.Every one of them benefited from the experience of Ceylon planter John Payne, whom Henry Turner ‘imported’ in 1881. Payne not only opened up Talliar with coffee for the Turners, but he taught his fellow planters in the High Range road tracing, draining and general thottam work. He also cut a riding road, Payne’s Ghat, from Devikulam to Periakanal and opened the district up to ‘civilisation’.
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In the Eighties, it was only their indomitable will that kept the planters going in this wilderness. They lived in grass – thatched huts with mud and wattle walls and surrounded their homes with elephant trenches. The only medical aid each planter had was ‘‘ his own medicine chest and he had to doctor  himself and his coolies with only Doctor Short’s old book on Medicine in India to help him’’. It was 1889 before the pioneers saw the first European woman in the hills. That was when Baron Otto brought up his wife, the daughter of Henry Gribble of the Madras Civil Service; another Gribble girl married one of the Turner brothers. And in 1890 Toby Martin brought his bride – and they were to live decades in these hills.
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An event which helped considerably to improve the lives of the early planters was when Claridge  and Toby Martin descended from Top Station to Bottom Station (Koranganie at the head of the  Bodi Pass) and went on to Bodinayakanur. There they met Suppan Chetty, who appeared to be the village leader, and negotiated him to send up rice and other provisions by headload and bring down cinchona bark and other products for onward transport. Soon bullocks, donkeys and ponies were brought in to help. This link with Suppan Chetty and his adopted son Alaganan Chetty, later an M L A, was to continue into recent times with their successors, M/s A S Alaganan Chetty & Sons.
  
Eravikulam national park is one of the main tourist attraction, where you can find the endagered species of Nilgiri Tahr (mountain goat called "varayadu" in Malayalam). A treck to Rajamala ("King of hills" in Malayalam), in the morning is sure to spot a few friendly mountain goats. You can also find Gaur, Langur, Lion-tailed macaque, and Elephants depending on the season and time of travel. The altitude is 1,600-1.800 m above sea level. Temperature ranges from a minimum of 0⁰C to a maximum of 28⁰C. Warm clothes and rain gear is recommended. The tourist season is from  Aug-Mar.
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Another event of significance was the arrival of John Ajoo, A Chinese, at Talliar Estate. One of six Chinese brought out by the East India Company to advice on tea planting and manufacture in the Nilgiris, he was recruited by Henry Turner and sent to the High Range. A small field of tea around the Munnar Estate Manager’s bungalow was once 13 acres in extent and used to be called ‘Chinaman’s Field’. John Ajoo’s son Antony  later owned a small estate called Vialkadavu  next to Talliar in which the Turner family long retained an interest.
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By 1894, 26 estates, all of them small – holdings, were functioning on the Society’s lands but none was doing well as the cinchona boom began to go bust. The Society, by now, was in financial difficulties and it advertised its land widely in British and Indian newspapers. One of the first to respond  was the North and South Sylhet Company, a subsidiary of Finlay Muir, arrived in India in December 1894 to finalise the transaction, then decided to visit the High Range with his son James and P R Buchanan and W Milne (from Ceylon). Accompanying them was H M Knight, a pioneer in the Anamallais and at the time a prominent proprietary planter. James Muir’s record of that journey from December 17, 1894 till January 5, 1895 is not without interest, revealing as it does the conditions of the times. It reads in excerpts:
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…arrived at Madras on the morning of the 12th December … next few days were occupied  in negotiations regarding the purchase of the shares of the  … Society …and Rs 69/- per share was the price arranged to be paid after deductions for losses and money spent during the year ended 30th November, 1894…
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… We arrived at Ammayanayakanur at 11:30 am the train being  23 minutes late, and … had dinner at 6 pm and about 7’o clock started in the bullock transit – there  being four of these carts altogether – to do some 40 miles, to a village called Tayne(Theni). The bullock transits, and the carriage of all stores to Bodynaikanur , are managed by the United Carrying Company and one has to write the agent of this company at Ammayanayakanur for all that may be required.
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After a not very comfortable night in these wagons we arrived at Tayne … We started for Bodynaikanur – Sir John being carried in a chairpart of the way … In the bullock transits mattresses are necessary and indeed one wants as much as possible under one, so as to break the jolting of the carts. We got away from Tayne shortly after 7, and reached Bodynaikanur about half past ten. The distance is supposed to be only some nine miles, but the bullock carts which carried our things went slowly, and Sir John, being carried part of the way in a chair, also caused delay. A large chair had been specially prepared in Madras, but when we arrived at Tayne we could not find what had become of it, and there was a small one there, which Mr Brown had sent back from Bodynaikanur. On arrival at Body we were advised not to stop long there, but to push on to Mettor  the same day as there as severe cholera at Bodi and in the surrounding country … We found the chair which had been sent from Madras at Bodi and it was sent off with 10 carrying coolies, about one O’ clock, to go three miles along the road to Mettor and to wait there. The weight of the chair was 140 pounds , and the coolies had to be promised extra money when they got to Devikulam to induce them to go. Thirty – two coolies went with us from Bodi in addition to the 10 chair coolies, but the larger number of these were required for stores and parts of the tents which had not been already sent on. The bungalow at Bodi … (had a) very obliging (man who was) a fair cook. (We were very sorry to learn that he has since died of cholera, so that it was most fortunate we hurried on to Mettor, as Mrs Knight and Mr Graham who were only a short time at the bungalow also caught cholera and the former died.) … As the road was bad and steep the bearers made but little progress, (so Sir John) left the chair …riding the rest of the way to Mettor … The distance from Bodi to the foot of the ghaut is about 3 miles, the rest of the way being all an ascent and the road a very poor one, even for pack ponies, and would require a great deal of money to be spent on it would be passable for carts ….
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The chair coolies were started off … to go 5 miles along the road to Devikulam … The road … would  require a great deal  to be done to it before it could be fit for bullock cart traffic … We walked and rode in turn till we got to Devikulam… the distance  between Mettor and Devikulam is about 14 ½  miles… At  Devikulam … went over the map of the Society’s land with the Baron…
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…(at) Mr Grigg’s Camp … Sir John and Mr Milne had numerous conversations with Mr Grigg  as to roads, the prompt opening out of the property and other matters connected herewith. Mr Grigg strongly advised that a main road should immediately be made through the centre of the property, that it should be constructed economically, and a careful statement kept of the outlay in connection with it, and he undertook  to recover the amount from the Travancore Sircar to continue the road to the West from the Society’s boundary to Cochin which he thought would be the best Shipping Port for the Society’s produce … He also thought the alignment of the proposed railway might be so altered as to enable the traffic between Cochin and the Society’s estate to be carried on this line to advantage part of the way … Sir John inquired if Mr Grigg would like to have a piece of  land specially made over to him so that he might arrange for an additional house being erected, thereon, for the accommodation of the resident as a health  resort. Mr Grigg replied he would very much like to have a suitable site for this purpose not far from where his camp was erected, and a cross was made on the map then, before Sir John, and Mr Grigg indicating the spot, and Sir John undertook to request the directors of  the North and the South Sylhet Tea Companies to make a gift of whatever land Mr Grigg, after further consideration, might select for this purpose…
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The soil in the forest is deep and rich, and the river can be utilized to drive a large quantity of machinery. A beginning should be made here with both Tea and Coffee as soon as the requisite labour can be obtained. The forest is much infested with leeches and precautions had to be taken against them…
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It is proposed not to decide where to put coffee until the jungle is all burned off, so as the area that will be put into tea and the area that will be put into coffee is not yet fixed.
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1st January 1895
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It was arranged that Mr Payne should give part of his time to the society to be spent first of all in selecting suitable coffee land inside or outside of the society’s boundaries, and that afterwards he should superintend and be entirely responsible for all the work thereon. For this it was arranged that he should receive a salary of Rs 3000/- per annum, for the present, to be paid monthly. Mr A Ff Martin, presently managing Sothuparai was, with Mr Payne’s approval, selected to be his first assistant with this work, and it was arranged that Mr Martin should receive  a salary of Rs 100/- per month for his partial services as from 1st January 1895, and until the date when he should come over entirely to the service of  the society, from which date his salary was to be Rs 300/- per month, for two years and after that Rs 350/- per month, for one year, always provided he gave entire satisfaction to Mr Payne, under whose orders he was to be. This arrangement however was not to come into force until Mr. Martin had cleared himself to Mr Payne’s satisfaction of the charges brought against him by Mr James Turner.
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The road … from Marioor to Chinnar, is just about as bad as could be imagined, and, in many places, is not unlike the rocky bed of a mountain stream … it being impossible to ride – the horses having to be guided with great care by the syces, but at the end of 3 miles we came to a level road and here we found 3 bullock gharries … waiting for us … Sir John lay down in one of them and the other two were loaded with the baggage… The first 4 miles or so of the road that we had to do to Oodamullapet, our destination, were very bad and heavy with sand, and we made very slow progress, but after that we got on to an excellent road …’’
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H M Knight was appointed the first General Manager, but with his new bride having just died, he was making plans to leave the country. Nevertheless, opening up of the jungle continued under Payne and with other experienced planters brought in from Ceylon. And A Suppan Chetty’s  Pankajam Company at the foot of the ghats. In 1897, the Kannan Devan Hills produce company was registered as a separate company with a capital of 1.5 million and together with, a few years later, the American Direct Tea Trading Company Ltd., another member of the finaly Group, became holders of almost the entire concession, except for a few estates first planted in the lower reaches by the pioneers. They owned 26 Estates, a few with coffee, most with cinchona.
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With a growing work force and increasing hills produce, Willie Milne, who had been brought back from Ceylon to become the second General Manager, raised with Toby Martin’s help a herd of 500 bullocks to ensure transport up and down the ghat. ‘ Bullocky Bill’ Lee was put in charge of the cattle farm on the Kundale flats which was tended  by vets brought out from England. Communication between estates was by runner and the planters kept horses on the estate for their use – and their wives’. Mrs Toby Martin remembered years later, “ The rivers were mostly unbridged; so it was quite the thing to dash into them with water up to the girths, hoping to get over fairly dry. The monsoon put great tests on everybody, but then everybody was able to ride well”.
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When Milne left for Ceylon in 1899, H Leybourne Davidson became General Manager and transport and communications continued to be a priority, even as more acres were opened and it became certain that tea was to be the main crop. He established telephone communication between all estates. Once it was determined that the Kundale Valley, from Munnar to Chittavurrai Estate and Top Station, was the proper dividing line of the property on which the main road should be laid to feed the estates on either side, he got work going on the road, contracting it to out to the Gordon brothers , and began planning a ropeway from top station to the start of Kotagudi Ghat, Bottom Station. The rope way was an ingenious construction, 2 ¼  miles in length and dropping 5000 feet, built by Gideon and William Kemle from Periyar Dam scrap. The ropeway was opened in 1900 with great fanfare and provided splendid service for many years. Mrs Martin described it “ as a great and wonderful undertaking. The difficulty of combating the very rocky and steep country together with that of preventing wild elephants from pulling down standards and interfering in general with the work, was great for both engineers  and workmen. Besides this, the fever … caused suffering to many … Gideon Kemle… died a few years afterwards of (it) …”
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Once the ropeway was completed, Davidson decided to speed up traffic from Munnar. A monorail trameline was laid from Munnar to Top Station along the road. Large platforms, fitted with one large wheel to run on the road and a smaller wheel to run on a single rail, were drawn by bullocks. Later, ponies, posted at intervals, were used and speeded traffic from about 4mph to 6 mph. The tea chests were loaded on the platforms and if passengers wanted to use the ‘tram’ two easy chairs were placed on the platform and luggage piled all around them; from Top Station the passengers would have to tolerate the discomfort of bandies to reach Bottom Station and onwards.
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A tea chest moved from Kannan Devan to England the Davidson way went through various adventures, which is perhaps why Davidson became Sir Leybourne. The tea  chest  moved from the estates to munnar by bullock cart, be loaded on to the monorail platform to be moved to Top Station, be transported from there in Suppan Chetty’s bullock carts to Ammayanayakanur railway station, then by train to Tuticorin, and, finally, by lighter to the steamer in the road! P R Buchanan took over as General Manager in 1901 and there began the fastest, most extensive opening up of the High Ranges, virgin jungles being felled, often with armed watchmen providing the workmen protection from the elephants and other wild life. When, in 1908, he started building a 2’ gauge light steam railway to replace the monorail, another link was added in this ingenious transport chain; the train would bring chests up to the point the tracks had been completed, then the goods were headloaded and taken to what was left of the monorail and its platform! The railway was eventually opened for traffic in 1909 and even had 1st and 2nd class accommodation.
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When Buchunan left in 1911, Kanan Devan had grown to over 11,500 acres, while Anglo – American had over 1500 acres under tea; there were only about 3000 acres held by others, much of which was eventually to be taken over by Malayalam Plantations. Herbert Lloyd Pinches now took over and, taking a cue from the way the ropeway and the pioneering Munnar Factory were powered, he started the Munnar Valley Electric Works, which supplied power to nine factories within a radius of six miles. This was the first electric power supplied for tea manufacture in India. In time, much of the High Range would get its power from the MVEW grid.
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By 1924, Pinches had ensured that most of the kanan Devan property had been cleared and developed, though development continued till 1932.That was when disaster struck. ‘The Flood’, already referred to, burst upon the High Range in July, parts of it receiving 195’’ in that month. When a big landslide blocking a road burst, the water gushed into Munnar, flooded the town, damaged the road and destroyed the railtrack. When recovery began, Pinches decided there would be no railway again and decided on a new ropeway, from Munnar to Bodi via Top Station.
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The first path of this ropeway, work on which was started in 1925, was in three sections, Top Station to Chittavurrai Estate, from there to Sothuparai and Pattupatty, then the third stretch to Munnar. The 14 ½ mile ropeway, with hangers carrying 400 lb loads, could, at full capacity, carry 25 tons a day. The ropeway, which cost a little over Rs 760,000 was opened on December 3, 1926. In 1930, the old Top Station – Kotagudi ropeway was replaced by a modern roads thrust their way through the hills and motor transport made the slow ropeways outmoded.
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As the era of motor transport began to get into its stride, there came World War II followed by the winds of change. How the High Range had grown by then, from about 6000 acres cultivated in 1894 to over 28000 acres in 1952! The changing scene saw the recruitment of Indian planters, Rengaswamy Chetty of the Suppan Chetty family the first Kanan Devan management recruit. But he resigned before long and N S Dhar was recruited. He was to stay with the company over 30 years. In 1964, Finlay’s teamed with Tata’s jointly start to the first instant tea factory in the country and by 1967, with devaluation, Finlay’s began taking a closer look at the new Indian scene. Several European planters, many of them third generation High Rangers, left and, soon, Indian managers outnumbered the expatriates. Then, in 1971, the Kerala Government wanted to ‘resume’ all land in the Kanan Devan Hills that had not been used for plantations. This would have deprived the company of over 18,000 acres of Eucalyptus used for estate fuel, along with hundreds of acres within estate boundaries. Negotiations that went on till 1974 – the successful culmination of which marked the Tata Group’s subsequent involvement with Kerala – led to Government agreeing to leave most of the eucalyptus and all the land within the estates to the company, leaving it with a compact 57,000 acres. And with that the old Kanan Devan concession came to an end.
  
 
===Talk===
 
===Talk===
  
Malayalam and Tamil are main languages spoken here. You can manage with English or Hindi.
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Malayalam and Tamil are main languages spoken here. You can manage with English or Hindi. Avoid guides, as there are no official guides approved by Govt. Many guides approaching you might be too costly.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
 
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[[Image:Munnar hillstation kerala.jpg|thumb|400px|Munnar hills]]
 
===By air ===
 
===By air ===
  
'''Cochin International airport''' ({{IATA|COK}}, ICAO: VOCI), also known as Nedumbassery Airport and CIAL is the nearest airport. It is 110 km away from the Munnar by road.
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'''Cochin International airport''' ({{IATA|COK}}, ICAO: VOCI), also known as Nedumbassery Airport and CIAL is the nearest airport. It is 110 km away from Munnar by road.
  
 
'''Madurai International Airport''' which is 140Km from Munnar by (National Highway 49).
 
'''Madurai International Airport''' which is 140Km from Munnar by (National Highway 49).
Line 37: Line 107:
 
*'''From Kochi:''' Munnar is 130 km (3.5 hr) from Kochi. The road is blind in some places and there are a lot of trucks and buses that seem to drive as if they own the road. Although the road is smooth (NH 49), it is narrow, twisty and curvy. [[Kothamangalam]] is on the way and is 80 km away from Munnar. Between Kothamangalam and next town "Adimali", you can experience a beautiful cool drive through a natural forest. Alongside, you can see many refreshing waterfalls. Once you reach Adimali, Munnar is just 30 kilometers away - but it will take almost an hour to reach. This is the last place where you can spot a decent restaurant before Munnar. Around 22 km from Adimali, you can start seeing the tea plantations on both sides of the road and a panoramic view of the western ghats. The view is extremely beautiful during the early mornings.
 
*'''From Kochi:''' Munnar is 130 km (3.5 hr) from Kochi. The road is blind in some places and there are a lot of trucks and buses that seem to drive as if they own the road. Although the road is smooth (NH 49), it is narrow, twisty and curvy. [[Kothamangalam]] is on the way and is 80 km away from Munnar. Between Kothamangalam and next town "Adimali", you can experience a beautiful cool drive through a natural forest. Alongside, you can see many refreshing waterfalls. Once you reach Adimali, Munnar is just 30 kilometers away - but it will take almost an hour to reach. This is the last place where you can spot a decent restaurant before Munnar. Around 22 km from Adimali, you can start seeing the tea plantations on both sides of the road and a panoramic view of the western ghats. The view is extremely beautiful during the early mornings.
  
*'''From Aluva:''' [[Aluva]] is nearly 110 km from Munnar. Just outside Aluva railway station you can hire a taxi for Munnar for Rs 2000. There is a bus stand nearby as well which operates frequent buses to Munnar; ticket prices start from Rs 70 per person.
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*'''From Aluva:''' [[Aluva]] is nearly 110 km from Munnar. Just outside Aluva railway station you can hire a taxi for Munnar for Rs 2000. There is a bus stand nearby as well which operates frequent buses to Munnar; ticket prices start from Rs 70 per person. Due to bad road condition A/c bus service has been terminated  otherwise bus journey is not comfortable.
  
 
*'''From Madurai:''' Munnar is about 135 km from Madurai and 80 km from Theni. [[Madurai]]- [[Theni]] - Bodi - BodiMettu-Devikulam - [[Munnar]] route is the most scenic route by National Highway 49(Via Madurai-Cochin HighWay).
 
*'''From Madurai:''' Munnar is about 135 km from Madurai and 80 km from Theni. [[Madurai]]- [[Theni]] - Bodi - BodiMettu-Devikulam - [[Munnar]] route is the most scenic route by National Highway 49(Via Madurai-Cochin HighWay).
Line 44: Line 114:
  
 
*'''From Kodaikanal:''' [[Kodaikanal]] is nearly 170 km from Munnar. Kodaikanal - Perumal Malai - Mayiladum Parai - Mooliyaru - Oothu - Falls View - Ganguvarpetty - Ghat Road - Periya Kulam -  [[Theni]] - Bodi - Bodimettu - Devikulam - Munnar. This route is also scenic.
 
*'''From Kodaikanal:''' [[Kodaikanal]] is nearly 170 km from Munnar. Kodaikanal - Perumal Malai - Mayiladum Parai - Mooliyaru - Oothu - Falls View - Ganguvarpetty - Ghat Road - Periya Kulam -  [[Theni]] - Bodi - Bodimettu - Devikulam - Munnar. This route is also scenic.
 +
 +
*'''From Tirunelveli:''' [[Tirunelveli]] is nearly 255 km from Munnar. Tirunelveli - Sankarankovil - Rajapalayam  - Srivilliputhur - Aandipatti -  [[Theni]] - Bodi - Bodimettu - Devikulam - Munnar. This route is also scenic.
  
 
Distances from '''Munnar''' to various cities:
 
Distances from '''Munnar''' to various cities:
Line 63: Line 135:
  
 
* [[Coimbatore]] - 160 km
 
* [[Coimbatore]] - 160 km
 +
 +
* [[Tirunelveli]] - 255 km
  
 
The road to Munnar is narrow with lots of bends and curves. Hire a taxi or a driver with local experience if you are not familiar with similar conditions
 
The road to Munnar is narrow with lots of bends and curves. Hire a taxi or a driver with local experience if you are not familiar with similar conditions
Line 70: Line 144:
 
Munnar bus station is on the main street, Main Bazaar.  
 
Munnar bus station is on the main street, Main Bazaar.  
  
* [[Kochi]] - takes 3.5-4.5 hours. Buses leave Kochi between 6AM-6PM.  
+
* [[Kochi]] - takes 3.5-4.5 hours. Buses leave Kochi between 6AM-6PM.  Last bus leave in 17:50 from KSRTC Interstate Bus Terminus (near Ernakulam Jn. South). Ticket price is 90 Rs.
 +
 
 +
KSRTC runs an AC volvo bus between Ernakulam to Munnar. The AC bus can be taken from the Mobility Hub KSRTC Stand Bus Station in Ernakulam. At the time of writing this (April 16, 2016) the KSRTC reservation website was not working properly, but tickets can easily be purchased when you get onto the AC bus for 242 Rs. Departure times may change so check ahead of time, but in April 2016, the bus departed at 10:30 AM from Mobility Hub KSRTC Stand Bus Station in Ernakulam and reached Munnar around 2-3 PM. While at the bus station watch for the arrival an orange "Low Floor" AC bus that says KURTC along the side and says "Munnar" on the electronic display at the front of the bus.  
  
 
* [[Aluva]] - Nearest bus station to the [[Cochin]] International Airport.  About 4 hrs uphill to Munnar, and 3-3.5 hrs downhill. Ticket price is around Rs. 70 one-way for a government-operated bus, up to Rs. 150 for a privately operated bus.
 
* [[Aluva]] - Nearest bus station to the [[Cochin]] International Airport.  About 4 hrs uphill to Munnar, and 3-3.5 hrs downhill. Ticket price is around Rs. 70 one-way for a government-operated bus, up to Rs. 150 for a privately operated bus.
 +
 +
* [[Alappuzha]] - Three direct services daily, travel time around 5 hours. Price around 90 Rs.
  
 
Note that most buses have boards in Malayalam and not English. At Aluva, there are no signs, schedules or dedicated bus bays for Munnar-bound buses; many of them briefly stop at Aluva en route from Kochi/ Ernakulam to Munnar. Check with a few locals every 15 minutes, or ask and hang around the bus info office, so they can point you to the right bus when it arrives.
 
Note that most buses have boards in Malayalam and not English. At Aluva, there are no signs, schedules or dedicated bus bays for Munnar-bound buses; many of them briefly stop at Aluva en route from Kochi/ Ernakulam to Munnar. Check with a few locals every 15 minutes, or ask and hang around the bus info office, so they can point you to the right bus when it arrives.
Line 78: Line 156:
 
There are also buses from Coimbatore and Pollachi.
 
There are also buses from Coimbatore and Pollachi.
  
==Get around==
+
===By taxi===
 
+
There are also several tour operators in munnar who offer day return tours
You can rent a manual or automatic motorbike on a daily basis for Rs 350/day.
 
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
  
[[Image:Munnar_tea_estate1.JPG|thumb|300px|Munnar Tea Estate]]
+
[[File:Scenic Munnar Tea Estate.JPG|thumb|Munnar Tea Estate]]
  
 
Some of these site would be more popular to Indian tourists than to Western tourists.
 
Some of these site would be more popular to Indian tourists than to Western tourists.
 +
'''There are four major directions are there in Munnar. Mattupatty Direction, Thekkedy Direction, Adimaly Direction and Coimbatore Direction.'''
 +
  
 
'''Near Munnar Town'''
 
'''Near Munnar Town'''
Line 99: Line 178:
  
  
'''Towards Mattuppetty'''
+
'''Mattuppetty direction'''
  
 
* '''Floriculture Centre''', run by the Kerala Forest Development Corporation. An extremely well-kept garden with a large variety of flowers and some herbal/ foliage plants, all against the backdrop of the tea plantations. Definitely worth a visit.
 
* '''Floriculture Centre''', run by the Kerala Forest Development Corporation. An extremely well-kept garden with a large variety of flowers and some herbal/ foliage plants, all against the backdrop of the tea plantations. Definitely worth a visit.
Line 112: Line 191:
  
 
* '''Echo Point''', (''15 km from Munnar''), on the way to top station from Munnar is a small lake set amidst rolling hills. Every loud call made from a spot on the lake embankment is returned manifold by the echo from the surrounding hills. Young tourists throng to this place to listen to the echoes of their friendship calls.
 
* '''Echo Point''', (''15 km from Munnar''), on the way to top station from Munnar is a small lake set amidst rolling hills. Every loud call made from a spot on the lake embankment is returned manifold by the echo from the surrounding hills. Young tourists throng to this place to listen to the echoes of their friendship calls.
 
*'''Elephant Arrival Spot''', (''18 km from Munnar''), Here you can board an elephant for a ride. It costs approximately Rs 350 per person.
 
  
 
* '''Kundala Lake''', (''23 km from Munnar''). This lake is very beautiful amidst lush jungles. Hiring a pedal boat and exploring the lake and its surroundings is an awesome experience. Except at the place you hired the boat, don't expect to find humans around the lake as it is surrounded by scenic jungles and hills. Unless you know how to row a boat, prefer a pedal boat, each trip lasts around 30 min and will be closed at 4:30PM
 
* '''Kundala Lake''', (''23 km from Munnar''). This lake is very beautiful amidst lush jungles. Hiring a pedal boat and exploring the lake and its surroundings is an awesome experience. Except at the place you hired the boat, don't expect to find humans around the lake as it is surrounded by scenic jungles and hills. Unless you know how to row a boat, prefer a pedal boat, each trip lasts around 30 min and will be closed at 4:30PM
Line 119: Line 196:
 
* '''Top Station''', [http://www.keralatourism.org/index.php?zone=4&menu=54&id=30&distid=2]. (''37 km from Munnar on the Kerala and Tamil Nadu border''). Great views of the Western Ghats. Top station is the "top"-tourist attraction. This place gives a real 'above the clouds' experience. Regular buses go to Top Station (1 hr) from Munnar. A jeep costs Rs 400. The area is known for the Neelakurunji plant, which flowers only once every 12 years. The flower is violet.
 
* '''Top Station''', [http://www.keralatourism.org/index.php?zone=4&menu=54&id=30&distid=2]. (''37 km from Munnar on the Kerala and Tamil Nadu border''). Great views of the Western Ghats. Top station is the "top"-tourist attraction. This place gives a real 'above the clouds' experience. Regular buses go to Top Station (1 hr) from Munnar. A jeep costs Rs 400. The area is known for the Neelakurunji plant, which flowers only once every 12 years. The flower is violet.
  
'''Towards Marayoor'''
+
'''Coimbatore direction'''
  
* '''Tata Tea Museum''', also known as the '''KDHP Tea Museum''', (''Around 2 km on the Nallathany road, from Munnar''). A must-see. Tourists can see a collection of odd bits from the colonial era.  Photography is allowed on payment of Rs. 20; videography is strictly prohibited here. A very interesting 30-minute film is screened, and visitors are then taken around the factory to understand how tea is processed. This museum remains open from 10AM-4PM every day, closed on Mon.  There is a Rs. 75 ticket fee for adults; lower for children.  
+
* '''Tata Tea Museum''', also known as the '''KDHP Tea Museum''', (''Around 2 km on the Nallathany road, from Munnar''). Interesting enough if you have not visited a tea plantation before. Tourists can see a collection of odd bits from the colonial era.  Photography is allowed on payment of Rs. 20; videography is strictly prohibited here. A 30-minute film is screened (mainly propaganda around how well Tata takes care of its workers, and visitors are then taken around the factory to understand how tea is processed. This museum remains open from 10AM-4PM every day, closed on Mon.  There is a Rs. 95 ticket fee for adults; lower for children.  
  
 
* '''Naimakkadu Water Falls'''
 
* '''Naimakkadu Water Falls'''
 +
[[File:Thar.jpg|thumb|Nilgiri Tahr spotted at Eravikulam National Park]]
  
* '''Eravikulam (Rajamalai) National Park''', [http://www.eravikulam.org/] (''45 min from Munnar'').  See Nilgiri Thar (Hemitragas hylocres) - an endangered species of mountain goats, rolling grasslands and sholas, spread over 97² km in the Rajamalai hills, rare flora and fauna, Atlas moth (largest in the world), lion-tailed macaque, leopards, tigers, The Kurichi or Neelakurinji Flowers turn the hills of Rajamalai blue every 12 years. The next bloom will be in 2018. One can actually debate if going to the high peak just to see some goats is worth all the effort or not. However, the walk along the park is very romantic and has some breath taking view. Please be aware that this park remains closed every year around February-March due to the breeding program of the Nilgiri Thar. Before visiting Munnar please check if the park is open or not. Tickets can be bought from the counter for INR 55 per adult. Please be warned that if you do not reach the counter before 8:30 AM, the queue can get so long that it may take a couple of hours to get the tickets. The visit to the park is arranged by buses. While coming back after the visit, you'd again have to wait in queue. The entire process of buying tickets, visiting park and coming back may take 4-5 hours.
+
* '''Eravikulam (Rajamalai) National Park''', [http://www.eravikulam.org/] (''45 min from Munnar'').  See Nilgiri Thar (Hemitragas hylocres) - an endangered species of mountain goats, rolling grasslands and sholas, spread over 97² km in the Rajamalai hills, rare flora and fauna, Atlas moth (largest in the world), lion-tailed macaque, leopards, tigers, The Kurichi or Neelakurinji Flowers turn the hills of Rajamalai blue every 12 years. The next bloom will be in 2018. One can actually debate if going to the high peak just to see some goats is worth all the effort or not. However, the walk along the park is very romantic and has some breath taking view. Please be aware that this park remains closed every year around February-March due to the breeding program of the Nilgiri Thar. Before visiting Munnar please check if the park is open or not. Tickets can be bought from the counter for INR 360 per adult (foreigners). Please be warned that if you do not reach the counter before 8:30 AM, the queue can get so long that it may take a couple of hours to get the tickets. If you don't want to wait, you can buy a reserve ticket in the city for INR 50. The visit to the park is arranged by buses. While coming back after the visit, you'd again have to wait in queue. The entire process of buying tickets, visiting park and coming back may take 4-5 hours.
  
* '''Anamudi Peak inside Eravikulam National Park''', The highest peak (2,695 m) south of the Himalayas, towers over the sanctuary in majestic pride. The slopes of the hills abound in all kinds of rare flora and fauna. The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind in the world, is a unique inhabitant of the park. Other rare species of fauna found here are the Nilgiri Langur, the lion-tailed macaque, leopards, tigers.  An ideal place for trekking, facilities are provided here and tourists are allowed to go on foot up to 2 kms from Anamudi. Going up to the peak is no longer permissible unless you have special permissions from forest department.
+
* '''Anamudi Peak inside Eravikulam National Park [http://www.keralaaffairs.com/anamudi-peak-eravikulam-national-park/]''', The highest peak (2,695 m) south of the Himalayas, towers over the sanctuary in majestic pride. The slopes of the hills abound in all kinds of rare flora and fauna. The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind in the world, is a unique inhabitant of the park. Other rare species of fauna found here are the Nilgiri Langur, the lion-tailed macaque, leopards, tigers.  An ideal place for trekking, facilities are provided here and tourists are allowed to go on foot up to 2 kms from Anamudi. Going up to the peak is no longer permissible unless you have special permissions from forest department.
  
 
* '''Lakkam Water Falls'''. (''24 km from Munnar''). A small waterfall.  
 
* '''Lakkam Water Falls'''. (''24 km from Munnar''). A small waterfall.  
Line 133: Line 211:
 
* '''Marayoor''' - (''Around 40 km from Munnar'').  It is the only place in Kerala with natural growth of sandalwood trees, natural caves with murals, and relics from late Stone Age civilisation. There is a sandalwood factory of the Forestry department of Kerala and a children's park extending across one hectare of land under the canopy of a single Banyan tree, all of which attract tourists in large numbers.
 
* '''Marayoor''' - (''Around 40 km from Munnar'').  It is the only place in Kerala with natural growth of sandalwood trees, natural caves with murals, and relics from late Stone Age civilisation. There is a sandalwood factory of the Forestry department of Kerala and a children's park extending across one hectare of land under the canopy of a single Banyan tree, all of which attract tourists in large numbers.
  
* '''Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary''', [http://www.prd.kerala.gov.in/chinnarwildlife.htm].Chinnar wildlife sanctuary is in the Wester Ghats of [[Kerala]].  This wildlife sanctuary has a large number of plants and animals.  This wildlife sanctuary is spread in around 90² km of area.  This sanctuary is one of the protected areas in the western ghats because of the significance of its flora, geomorphologic features, ecology and local cultural.  
+
* '''Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary''', [http://www.prd.kerala.gov.in/chinnarwildlife.htm].Chinnar wildlife sanctuary is in the Wester Ghats of [[Kerala]].  This wildlife sanctuary has a large number of plants and animals.  This wildlife sanctuary is spread in around 90² km of area.  This sanctuary is one of the protected areas in the western ghats because of the significance of its flora, geomorphologic features, ecology and local cultural. As of March 2016, it costs 600 Rs. for entry for foreigners. You'll also need to pay an extra 600 Rs. for a guided trek (guides are mandatory). There are four treks available and they fall under two categories: waterfall trek or cave painting/dolman trek. Arrive very early in the morning (or stay overnight) for the best chance of seeing wildlife like peacocks, foxes, elephants, bison, deer, etc. If you arrive in the mid-afternoon you can still see wildlife if you are lucky enough to have a good guide with sharp eyes. Binoculars are a must for getting good views of wildlife and most guides will have a pair on them, but check to see if they do before departing on the trek.
 +
 
 +
===Thekkedy Direction===
 +
 
 +
* '''Signal Point View Point'''
 +
 
 +
* '''Idly Hill View Point'''
 +
 
 +
* '''Devikulam Sri Ayyappan Temple'''
 +
 
 +
* '''Munnar Heritage Tour, Lockhart Tea Factory'''
 +
 
 +
* '''Lockhart Tea Museum''', Lockhart Tea Museum is located on Munnar-Thekkedy road(NH-85) which provides and experienced factory tour and the Tea Museum briefs about the plantation history. Lockhart Estate is the first plantation in Munnar stared during 1879 by Mr.Baroness Von Rosenberg and one can buy daily fresh tea from their outlet.
 +
 
 +
* '''Lockhart Tea Park'''
 +
 
 +
*'''Chokarmudy Trekking''', Chokarmudy is a Hill located as a border of Lockhart Estate on Munnar-Thekkedy Road in Munnar, Kerala, India. It is one of the highest peak in South India.This Chokarmudy Hill is having a historical view also. It says Chokan(Lord Siva) and Devi(Parvathy) was living here that is why the name of Devikulam also came into existence. Beyond this history, now it is one of the best trekking point. Those who want an adventure trek at Munnar can trek here. Its having around 7500 feet height from sea level.''
 +
 
 +
*'''Thankaiah Cave'''
 +
 
 +
*'''Lockhart Gap View Point'''
 +
 
 +
*'''Periyakanal Water Falls'''
 +
 
 +
*'''Anayirangal Dam / Boating'''
 +
 
 +
* '''Kolukkumalai Tea Estate''', At a height of about 2,175 m (7,130 ft), this orthodox tea factory lays claim to
 +
being one of the highest in the world. The view of the Western Ghats is absolutely enchanting. The views here are arguably better than anywhere else in Munnar (like Top Station) and are best at sunrise. You'll need to hire a 4x4 jeep to take you up to the estate and it's a very bumpy one-hour long ride, not recommended for the elderly or those who get carsick easily. Jeep hire from the nearby Suryanelli town should cost no more than 1,800 Rs as of March 2016. [[File:Kolukkumalai Tea Estate.JPG|thumb|En route to Kolukkumalai Tea Estate]]
  
 
'''Other places to visit:'''
 
'''Other places to visit:'''
  
* '''Salim Ali (Thattekkad) Bird Sanctuary''', [http://www.prd.kerala.gov.in/thettakad.htm]. There are woodpeckers, Malabar gray hornbills, Ceylon frogmouths, parakeets, and rose-billed rollers. This sanctuary is located 20 km from Kothamangalam on the road between Ernakulam and Munnar. There are basic and mid-range hotels in Kothamangalam and an Inspection Bungalow in Boothathankettu. You can take a boat cruise from Boothathankettu to Thattekkad. Admission foreigners: Rs 40, Indian Rs 10.   
+
* '''Salim Ali (Thattekkad) Bird Sanctuary''', [http://www.prd.kerala.gov.in/thettakad.htm]. There are woodpeckers, Malabar gray hornbills, Ceylon frogmouths, parakeets, and rose-billed rollers. This sanctuary is located 20 km from     Kothamangalam on the road between Ernakulam and Munnar. There are basic and mid-range hotels in Kothamangalam and an     Inspection Bungalow in Boothathankettu. You can take a boat cruise from Boothathankettu to Thattekkad. Admission foreigners: Rs 40, Indian Rs 10.   
 +
 
 +
 
  
[[Image:Munnar_fall.jpg|thumb|150px|water fall near rajmala]]
 
  
* '''Kolukkumalai Tea Estate''', At a height of about 2,175 m (7,130 ft), this orthodox tea factory lays claim to being one of the highest in the world. The view of the Western Ghats is absolutely enchanting.
 
  
 
* '''Waterfalls''', Check out several natural waterfalls on the way to Munnar. They provide an excellent place for photography.
 
* '''Waterfalls''', Check out several natural waterfalls on the way to Munnar. They provide an excellent place for photography.
  
 
* '''Kalvarimount'''
 
* '''Kalvarimount'''
*<see name="mathikettan national park" alt="POOPARA" address="POOPARA" directions="34 km from Munnar on Munnar Thekkadi route." phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></see>
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*<see name="Mathikettan National Park" alt="Poopara" address="Poopara" directions="34 km from Munnar on Munnar Thekkadi route." phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></see>
 +
*<see name="Munnar Holidays" alt="" address="Post Office Junction,Munnar" directions="Topstation Road" phone="09447220025" url="www.munnarholidays.com" hours="08Hrs" price="" lat="" long="">For all your travel need in Munnar. Sightseeing tours, flight & bus tickets, tourist Information services, cab services</see>
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
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*<do name="Yoga @Kaivalyam Retreat" alt="" address="Moolakada, Pallivasal" directions="7&nbsp;km from Munnar towards Cochin" phone="" url="http://www.kaivalyamretreat.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">"Kaivalyam" a holistic health retreat in midst of natural surrounding of tea valleys of Munnar. Year round destination to indulge in learning experience of holistic lifestyle with traditional form of Yoga and organic way of dining.</do>
 
*<do name="Yoga @Kaivalyam Retreat" alt="" address="Moolakada, Pallivasal" directions="7&nbsp;km from Munnar towards Cochin" phone="" url="http://www.kaivalyamretreat.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">"Kaivalyam" a holistic health retreat in midst of natural surrounding of tea valleys of Munnar. Year round destination to indulge in learning experience of holistic lifestyle with traditional form of Yoga and organic way of dining.</do>
  
* '''The Christ Church''', in Old Munnar. The exteriors have worn out with time though the charming interiors still have a very nice ambiance. It was consecrated way back in 1910 and still has 14 original rows of pews. The first Catholic Church in the High Ranges was Mount Carmel Roman Catholic Church.
+
* '''The Christ Church''', in Old Munnar.It is a Protestant CSI church attached to the North Kerala Diocese(Church of South India). The exteriors have worn out with time though the charming interiors still have a very nice ambiance. It was consecrated way back in 1910 and still has 14 original rows of pews. The first Catholic Church in the High Ranges was Mount Carmel Roman Catholic Church.
  
 
* '''The High Range Club''', has a charming colonial style. The club house is built of wicker and teak and is the social hub for the tea "Planters" of the region. Members enjoy lounging in the bar over Planter's Punch followed by a good meal, a game of billiards or reading a book in the library.  
 
* '''The High Range Club''', has a charming colonial style. The club house is built of wicker and teak and is the social hub for the tea "Planters" of the region. Members enjoy lounging in the bar over Planter's Punch followed by a good meal, a game of billiards or reading a book in the library.  
  
 
* '''Munnar Supply Association (MSA)''',  Set up in 1900, this is another nostalgic landmark worth visiting in Munnar. It is the oldest department store in the area and has been re-inventing itself to stay relevant and popular after almost 102 years. The store was run by "planters" who still manage its affairs. The MSA is a red brick, red tiled building with gables, buttresses and a porch and is now a heritage site.
 
* '''Munnar Supply Association (MSA)''',  Set up in 1900, this is another nostalgic landmark worth visiting in Munnar. It is the oldest department store in the area and has been re-inventing itself to stay relevant and popular after almost 102 years. The store was run by "planters" who still manage its affairs. The MSA is a red brick, red tiled building with gables, buttresses and a porch and is now a heritage site.
 +
 +
* '''Motorcycle Around Tea Plantations''', Rent a classic Royal Enfield, scooter, or other motorcycle and ride to nearby destinations including Top Station, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, etc. Motorbikes can be rented at Gokulam Bike Hire.
 +
*<do name="Rivulet Resort Munnar" alt="Best Luxury Honeymoon Resort in Munnar" address="Pallivasal" directions="Near Pallivasal" phone="89433 40950" url="http://www.rivuletresort.com" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Rivulet resort munnar is the iconic luxury holiday experience among resorts and hotels in munnar and a unique honeymoon luxury resort in munnar</do>
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==Buy==
 
==Buy==
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*<buy name="Fresh tea from a factory outlet" alt="" address="Kannimallay Estate, Munnar" directions="On the way to Eravikulam National Park, 5&nbsp;km from Munnar town" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Several varities of tea fresh from factory.</buy>
 
*<buy name="Fresh tea from a factory outlet" alt="" address="Kannimallay Estate, Munnar" directions="On the way to Eravikulam National Park, 5&nbsp;km from Munnar town" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Several varities of tea fresh from factory.</buy>
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*<buy name="Munnar inn chocolate mall & Spices Supermarket" alt="" address="Main road, Munnar" directions="" phone="8281573822" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""> all variety of spices and tea available for resonable rate</buy>
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*<buy name="John" alt="" address="104 , Trident , Hyderabad" directions="" phone="9387532483" url="http://www.pristinechocolates.com" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Authentic chocolates from  a real chocolate manufacturer. They are Located at  Kallar waterfalls  about 14 kms ahead of  Munnar. They have wide variety of  chocolates  and this factory outlet offers 15 to 20 % on all  products.</buy>
  
 
===Banks/Currency Exchange===
 
===Banks/Currency Exchange===
Line 191: Line 305:
  
 
*'''Bamboo Hut''', G.H. Road. Wide range of food for reasonable prices, although service can be a ''bit'' slow. Also, the place usually has Western music (from Bob Dylan to electronic chill-out sound).
 
*'''Bamboo Hut''', G.H. Road. Wide range of food for reasonable prices, although service can be a ''bit'' slow. Also, the place usually has Western music (from Bob Dylan to electronic chill-out sound).
 
*'''Food Court''', Munnarinn, [http://www.munnarinn.com]. Closed as of March 2012.
 
  
 
*'''Saravana Bhavan''', Right at the heart of town and one of the most inexpensive places to eat. The service here is quick and the food is absolutely delicious.  You might have to share your table with others. This place provides South Indian dishes, served on a banana leaf.
 
*'''Saravana Bhavan''', Right at the heart of town and one of the most inexpensive places to eat. The service here is quick and the food is absolutely delicious.  You might have to share your table with others. This place provides South Indian dishes, served on a banana leaf.
Line 206: Line 318:
 
*<eat name="Sri velavan stores" alt="" address="G.H.road, Munnar" directions="" phone="+91 48 6523 2379" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">All provisions available at reasonable prices.</eat>
 
*<eat name="Sri velavan stores" alt="" address="G.H.road, Munnar" directions="" phone="+91 48 6523 2379" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">All provisions available at reasonable prices.</eat>
  
*<eat name="Patel Gujarati Restraunt" alt="" address="" directions="Near Post Office" phone="" url="" hours="" price="Under Rs 100" lat="" long="">Gujarati and Marwari meals.</eat>
+
*<eat name="Patel Gujarati Restraunt" alt="" address="" directions="Near Post Office" phone="" url="" hours="" price="Under Rs 100" lat="" long="">Gujarati and Marwari meals..</eat>
  
*<eat name="Purohit Restaurant" alt="" address="Inside Hotel Dhanyasree, Dhanyasree Jn. Chilling Plant Road, Munnar" directions="Nr Tea County Resorts" phone="+91 48 6523 2552" phoneextra="+91 48 6523 2553, +91 99 4623 9251" url="" hours="6AM-10:30PM" price="Budget" lat="" long="">Bombay, Jain, Gujarati, Rajasthani, Punjabi and South Indian food. Good Gujarati, unlimited Thali at Rs 85.</eat>
+
*<eat name="Purohit Restaurant" alt="" address="Inside Hotel Dhanyasree, Dhanyasree Jn. Chilling Plant Road, Munnar" directions="Nr Tea County Resorts" phone="+91 48 6523 2552" url="" hours="6AM-10:30PM" price="Budget" lat="" long="" phoneextra="+91 48 6523 2553, +91 99 4623 9251">Bombay, Jain, Gujarati, Rajasthani, Punjabi and South Indian food. Good Gujarati, unlimited Thali at Rs 150.</eat>
  
 
*<eat name="Mahaveer Veg Restaurant" alt="" address="Kalinivas Building, Main Road, Munnar" directions="" phone="+91 48 6523 1677" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" phoneextra="+91 99 4629 2907">Provides authentic North-Indian food with style ranging from Gujarati to Punjabi and delicious rotis. Meals start from Rs 105/-. Only vegetarian food served. The downside to the place is cleanliness at the tables. Mahaveer has a branch near Purohit restaurant; this one is larger and cleaner.</eat>
 
*<eat name="Mahaveer Veg Restaurant" alt="" address="Kalinivas Building, Main Road, Munnar" directions="" phone="+91 48 6523 1677" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="" phoneextra="+91 99 4629 2907">Provides authentic North-Indian food with style ranging from Gujarati to Punjabi and delicious rotis. Meals start from Rs 105/-. Only vegetarian food served. The downside to the place is cleanliness at the tables. Mahaveer has a branch near Purohit restaurant; this one is larger and cleaner.</eat>
  
 
*<eat name="Kaivalyam Retreat" alt="" address="Moolakada, Pallivasal Estate P.O. Munnar" directions="7.5&nbsp;km towards Cochin direction" phone="+91 48 6523 2628" phoneextra="+91 94 9582 1617, +91 95 2647 7838" url="http://www.kaivalyamretreat.com/" hours="24x7" price="Rs 200" lat="" long="">Kaivalyam retreat has a 100% pure vegetarian restaurant which serves organic and healthy yogic food. As it is a yoga retreat more emphasis is given to food quality and hygiene. Serves North Indian, South Indian and a few continental dishes. Their desserts are good. Set in the midst of cardamom and pepper plantation.</eat>
 
*<eat name="Kaivalyam Retreat" alt="" address="Moolakada, Pallivasal Estate P.O. Munnar" directions="7.5&nbsp;km towards Cochin direction" phone="+91 48 6523 2628" phoneextra="+91 94 9582 1617, +91 95 2647 7838" url="http://www.kaivalyamretreat.com/" hours="24x7" price="Rs 200" lat="" long="">Kaivalyam retreat has a 100% pure vegetarian restaurant which serves organic and healthy yogic food. As it is a yoga retreat more emphasis is given to food quality and hygiene. Serves North Indian, South Indian and a few continental dishes. Their desserts are good. Set in the midst of cardamom and pepper plantation.</eat>
 +
 +
*<eat name="SN Restaurant" address="Old Munnar, just north of bus depot">Tasty and inexpensive Kerala food, masala dosa, idli, appam etc. for breakfast, great pulao, butter chicken, porotta etc. for dinner. Popular among locals and tourists.</eat>
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
Line 221: Line 335:
  
 
*<drink name="Abad Copper Castle" alt="" address="Pothamedu-Munnar" directions="" phone="+91 48 6523 1202" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></drink>
 
*<drink name="Abad Copper Castle" alt="" address="Pothamedu-Munnar" directions="" phone="+91 48 6523 1202" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></drink>
 +
*<drink name="gokulam home stay" alt="gokulam" address="anachal,chithirapuram p o," directions="near dream land park" phone="04865263736" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Homely accomodation and food at reasonable rate to tourists.</drink>
 +
*<drink name="Abad Copper Castle" alt="" address="Pothumedu, Munnar, Kerala 685565, India" directions="" phone="+91 4844144000" url="http://www.abadhotels.com/coppercastle/index.html" hours="" price="" lat="" long=""></drink>
 +
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
  
 
===Budget===
 
===Budget===
 +
* '''"HOTEL SIVAS REGENCY"''' is a pleasant accommodation with a variety of amenities at the right price.Situated on the madurai road,THENI. it is an ideal choice for those who want a quiet stay close to all key destinations. Frequent buses run to all major cities and the village (bus stand is next to the hotel)Contact - 04546 254425
 +
 +
* <sleep name="Kaippallil Inn Resorts" alt="" address=" M.G Road" directions="only two minutes walk from town bus stand" phone="Mob: 9495029259, phone: 04865-230079" lat="" long="" tollfree="" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="400rs">It´s a save, clean place on the one hand directly in the town center, one the other hand quietly to the hillside. Best: sometimes 7 a.m yoga and 7 p.m meditation lessons for free. </sleep>
 +
 +
*[http://www.autumntreesmunnar.com Autumn Trees], N.H.-49, Devikulam, Munnar. Ph, +91-4865-264273/ 264399/ 208308. Fax : +91-484-4030010. Deluxe Rooms, Suite Rooms, Dormitory facilities & Multi cuisine Restaurant. For More details Contact : Jiji C. George (Director) +91-9447414147 / +91-9895294743. C.G.Yesudas (Director)+91-9447791191 .
  
 
* <sleep name="Allens Cottage" alt="" address="[email protected]" directions="10&nbsp;km from the town, opposite to the KSRTC bus stand" phone="+91 97 47268095" url="http://www.allenscottage.webs.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Upscale and standard cottages away from all the disturbences of the city. Camp fire and inbound trekking can be arranged.</sleep>
 
* <sleep name="Allens Cottage" alt="" address="[email protected]" directions="10&nbsp;km from the town, opposite to the KSRTC bus stand" phone="+91 97 47268095" url="http://www.allenscottage.webs.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Upscale and standard cottages away from all the disturbences of the city. Camp fire and inbound trekking can be arranged.</sleep>
  
* <sleep name="Eightlands Holidays (http://www.eightlandsholidays.com)" alt="" address="Colony Rd, Munnar-685612,  Idukki Dist, Kerala" directions="" phone="Mob:+91 9495812364, +91 9446561652, Office: 04865 232986" url="http://www.eightlandsholidays.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">A set of cute cottages nestling against the backdrop of mountain ranges cut off from the hubbubs of hospital life. Eight Lands Holidays offers you stands unique and aloof among the other such establishments in and around Munnar.  
+
* <sleep name="Eightlands Holidays" alt="" address="Colony Rd, Munnar-685612,  Idukki Dist, Kerala" directions="" phone="Mob:+91 9495812364, +91 9446561652, Office: 04865 232986" url="http://www.eightlandsholidays.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">A set of cute cottages nestling against the backdrop of mountain ranges cut off from the hubbubs of hospital life. Eight Lands Holidays offers you stands unique and aloof among the other such establishments in and around Munnar.  
 
  Buildings that blend English and ethnic styles offer you a relaxed stay and the rooms are of various types and fully furnished facilities. A winding pathway leads you to the privacy of your ethnic cottage furnished to tempt you. Each bedroom is provided with telephone, TV and hot and cold running water. At the touch of a button, you bring the alive courteous service at any time of the day/night. The Balconies allow the residents to observe the nature in all its verdant county all around.</sleep>
 
  Buildings that blend English and ethnic styles offer you a relaxed stay and the rooms are of various types and fully furnished facilities. A winding pathway leads you to the privacy of your ethnic cottage furnished to tempt you. Each bedroom is provided with telephone, TV and hot and cold running water. At the touch of a button, you bring the alive courteous service at any time of the day/night. The Balconies allow the residents to observe the nature in all its verdant county all around.</sleep>
  
* <sleep name="JJ Cottage" alt="" address="" directions="close to the KSRTC bus stand in old Munnar" phone="+91 48 6523 0104" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="jjcottagemunnar@sancharnet.in" fax="">Nice rooms, very friendly and helpful staff with surprisingly good cheap food. Double rooms may be negotiated down to Rs 300 during the low season. Feels more like a bed and breakfast than your average guest-house.</sleep>
+
* <sleep name="JJ Cottage" alt="" address="" directions="close to the KSRTC bus stand in old Munnar" phone="+91 48 6523 0104" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="jjcottagemnr@gmail.com" fax="">Nice rooms, very friendly and helpful staff with surprisingly good cheap food. Double rooms may be negotiated down to Rs 300 during the low season. Feels more like a bed and breakfast than your average guest-house.</sleep>
  
 
* <sleep name="Hotel Misha" alt="" address="Misha Jn" directions="close to the main market in old Munnar. Opposite Hotel Green Ridge." phone="+91 48 6523 0376, +91 48 6523 2376" url="http://www.mishaholiday.com" checkin="" checkout="12 noon" price="Rs 1,200-1,700" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="">Can be negotiated further down to Rs 700-800/- in peak season and lower in off season.</sleep>
 
* <sleep name="Hotel Misha" alt="" address="Misha Jn" directions="close to the main market in old Munnar. Opposite Hotel Green Ridge." phone="+91 48 6523 0376, +91 48 6523 2376" url="http://www.mishaholiday.com" checkin="" checkout="12 noon" price="Rs 1,200-1,700" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="">Can be negotiated further down to Rs 700-800/- in peak season and lower in off season.</sleep>
  
* <sleep name="Theresian Cottages (Homestay)" alt="" address="Munnar" directions="near Tea County Resorts" phone="+91 48 6523 0351, +91 94 4739 7720, +91 94 9587 9748" url="" checkin="anytime" checkout="12 noon" price="Room with 2 beds~Rs 700 - Rs 1000" lat="" long="">Good location with nice views. Nearby to many restaurants. Tea and coffee is available. Kerala Tourism Department approved.</sleep>
+
* <sleep name="Theresian Cottages (Homestay)" alt="" address="Munnar" directions="near Tea County Resorts" phone="+91 48 6523 0351, +91 94 4739 7720, +91 94 9587 9748" url="" checkin="anytime" checkout="12 noon" price="Room with 2 beds~Rs 700 - Rs 1000" lat="" long="">bad location with horrible views. Nearby to many restaurants. Tea and coffee is available. Kerala Tourism Department approved.</sleep>
 +
 
 +
* <sleep name="Nature Zone Resort Munnar" alt="" address="Pulippara, Pallivasal, Munnar" directions="" phone="+91 9745433330 " email="" fax="" url="http://rudrahospitality.com/naturezone/" checkin="" checkout="" price="">Ideal place for travelers seeking a break from the city ,want to spend time with nature with picturesque surroundings and peaceful environment</sleep>
  
 
===Mid-range===
 
===Mid-range===
*''' Pulimoottil Estate Bungalow,''' (10 km from Munnar Town in Mankulam Road) [http://pulimoottilestate.com/] Offers independent estate bungalows and rooms. Has restaurant, conference hall etc. Enjoy a stroll through a Cardamom Plantation, visit the stream. Offers Camp fire facilities
+
* <sleep name="Pulimoottil Estate Bungalow" alt="" address="" directions="10 km from Munnar Town in Mankulam Road" phone="" url="http://pulimoottilestate.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Offers independent estate bungalows and rooms. Has restaurant, conference hall etc. Enjoy a stroll through a Cardamom Plantation, visit the stream. Offers Camp fire facilities.</sleep>
*''' Hotel Anai Mudi''', (''Munnar-Marayoor route''),  [http://www.munnarhotel.org].
 
 
 
*''' Greenspaces Munnar''', (''10&nbsp;km from Munnar''), [http://www.greenspacesmunnar.com]. Greenspaces is neither a resort nor a hotel; it is a small guest-house/plantation-stay/homestead amid a cardamom plantation, about 10&nbsp;km away from the crowded Munnar Town. It is one of the Kerala state tourism department approved stays.
 
  
*''' Blackberry Hills''', (''3&nbsp;km from Munnar''), [http://www.blackberryhillsindia.com].
+
* <sleep name="Greenspaces Munnar" alt="" address="" directions="10 km from Munnar" phone="" url="http://www.greenspacesmunnar.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Greenspaces is neither a resort nor a hotel; it is a small guest-house/plantation-stay/homestead amid a cardamom plantation, about 10 km away from the crowded Munnar Town. It is one of the Kerala state tourism department approved stays.</sleep>
  
*''' Camelot''', (''10&nbsp;km from Munnar''), [http://www.camelotmunnar.com]. If you are travelling in your own vehicle then this may be a good choice. You need to drive 2&nbsp;km off road to reach the resort, which is fun. However if you are new to driving, leave your car at the entrance and ask the owner to pick you up from there. Pack your food in town as the choice of food at resort is limited.  
+
* <sleep name="Deshadan Mountain Resort" alt="" address="" directions="5 km from Munnar" phone="" url="http://www.deshadan.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">The highest resort in Munnar. Views from the valley view room are breathtaking. Excellent breakfast. Road to Deshadan is very narrow and requires an experienced driver to drive a car to the top.</sleep>
  
*''' Deshadan Mountain Resort''', (''5&nbsp;km from Munnar''), [http://www.deshadan.com]. The highest resort in Munnar. Views from the valley view room are breathtaking. Excellent breakfast. Road to Deshadan is very narrow and requires an experienced driver to drive a car to the top.
+
* <sleep name="Spice Garden Resort" alt="" address="" directions="Located in the second mile, around 8-10&nbsp;km from Munnar Bus Stop" phone="+91 48 6526 3698, +91 94 4716 3696" url="http://www.spicegardenresorts.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="Rs 1,500-2,500 (Indian nationals)" lat="" long="" email="[email protected].com" fax="">Cheap, clean, courteous staff and located on hill slope with a breathtaking view. Multi cuisine restaurant providing breakfast and dinner however food is only made to order. Hot water 24 hr, TV in all rooms, Trekking and travel assistance, laundry. A doctor is on-call, parking spaces and driver accommodation are provided.</sleep>
  
*''' Copper Castle''', Pothamedu road, (''2&nbsp;km from Munnar''), [http://www.abadhotels.com/coppercastle/].
+
* <sleep name="Bella Vista Resort" alt="" address="Chithirapuram Post" directions="20 km from Munnar town" phone="" url="http://www.bellavistamunnar.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double honeymoon cottage around Rs 1,800" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Very scenic with roof top restaurant.</sleep>
  
*''' Lakezone Holiday Resort''', Munnar, (''12&nbsp;km from Munnar''), [http://www.resortsmunnar.com].
+
* <sleep name="Devadaru Holiday Villa" alt="" address="Near Chengulam Dam" directions="15&nbsp;km from Munnar town" phone="" url="http://www.devadaruresort.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="A single villa in a 2 acre spice garden, you rent it in whole, no hotels or resorts can match this privacy " lat="" long="" email="" fax=""> </sleep>
 
 
*''' Bracknell forest''', Pothamedu road. (''7&nbsp;km from Munnar''), [http://www.bracknellforestmunnar.com/].
 
 
 
*''' Holiday Heaven''', Chinnakkanal. (''20&nbsp;km from Munnar Town''), [http://www.holidayheaven.in/].
 
 
 
*''' Kaivalyam Retreat''', Moolakada, Pallivasal (''7&nbsp;km from Munnar''), [http://www.kaivalyamretreat.com/]. Organic living and dining with yoga
 
 
 
*''' Marthoma Retreat''', (''on the way to top station, about 2&nbsp;km from Munnar Town'') [http://www.marthomaretreathome.com]. Has a restaurant, but food is made to order.
 
 
 
*''' Hotel Oak Fields''', Pothamedu. (''5&nbsp;km from Munnar''), [http://www.oakfieldsmunnar.com].
 
 
 
*''' The Siena Village''', Chinnakkanal, (''20&nbsp;km from Munnar Town on the way to Thekkady/Periyar''), [http://www.thesienavillage.com].
 
 
 
* <sleep name="Spice Garden Resort" alt="" address="" directions="Located in the second mile, around 8-10&nbsp;km from Munnar Bus Stop" phone="+91 48 6526 3698, +91 94 4716 3696" url="http://www.spicegardenresorts.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="Rs 1,500-2,500 (Indian nationals)" lat="" long="" email="[email protected]" fax="">Cheap, clean, courteous staff and located on hill slope with a breathtaking view. Multi cuisine restaurant providing breakfast and dinner however food is only made to order. Hot water 24 hr, TV in all rooms, Trekking and travel assistance, laundry. A doctor is on-call, parking spaces and driver accommodation are provided</sleep>
 
 
 
*''' Hotel Westwood Riverside''', (''1&nbsp;km from Munnar Town''), [http://westwoodmunnar.com].
 
 
 
*''' Whispering Meadows''', (''6&nbsp;km from Munnar Town''), [http://thewhisperingmeadows.com/]. Around Rs 2,500.
 
 
 
* <sleep name="Bella Vista Resort" alt="" address="Chithirapuram Post" directions="20&nbsp;km from Munnar town" phone="" url="http://www.bellavistamunnar.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double honeymoon cottage around Rs 1,800" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">Very scenic with roof top restaurant.</sleep>
 
  
 
===Splurge===
 
===Splurge===
 +
*<sleep name="Club Mahindra Munnar Resort" alt="Club Mahindra Munnar Resort" address="Chinnakanal Village, Suryanelli (via) Iddukki District, Munnar" directions="" phone="04868-249290" url="http://www.clubmahindra.com/munnar-lake-view/aboutresortinfo.html#.UMDt84Nlnit" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="10.08893" long="77.05952">Club Mahindra Munnar Resort has always attracted  eyeballs and has been one of the most sought after  tourist spot. An overwhelming site to witness, the convergence of three mountain ranges including Muthipuzza, Nallathanni and  Kundala. With spacious and lavish rooms, Club Mahindra gives a beautiful glimpse of the paradise every morning you peek through the mist covered window with the hot tea in your hand.</sleep>
  
* <sleep name="Ayur County resort" alt="" address="Munnar" directions="18&nbsp;km from Munnar Town" phone="91 48 6568 5618" email="[email protected]" fax="+91 48 6824 9218" url="http://www.ayurcounty.com/index.html" checkin="" checkout="" price="Rs 2,500-12,500">Ayurvedic centre, cardamom plantation visit, fishing, trekking, camp fire, multi-cuisine restaurant and coffee shop, childrens play area &amp; activity room, credit card facility, travel desk, site seeing trip 24 hr hot &amp; cold water, STD direct dialing, cableTV in all rooms, pick up and drop off, conference hall, doctor on call.</sleep>
+
*<sleep name="Misty Mountain Resort" alt="" address="Randam Mile Pallivasal " directions="" phone="04865263784" url="http://mistymountainresort.in/index.html" checkin="2" checkout="12" price="Rs. 3500-6000" lat="" long="">Located only 7kms before reaching Munnar town , beside the national highway when travelling from Kochi - Munnar, yet far away to provide an environment free from the distractions of daily business life, the resort overlooks panoramic vistas of the Sahyadri mountains ranges, verdant tea gardens and even a distant lake !! 50 deluxe rooms, 2 restaurants, Ayurveda, Gym, resort trek, gardens and excellant photo opportunity from 5th floor rooftop terrace. Offering banquet, karoake & bonfire for groups.</sleep>
  
*''' Camp Noel'', (''36&nbsp;km from Munnar Town''), [http://www.campnoel.com].
+
*<sleep name="Woodpecker Holidays" alt="" address="Ottamaram, Pothamedu" directions="Near Oakfield" phone="9744480120" url="http://www.woodpeckermunnar.com" checkin="12.noon" checkout="11.noon" price="Rs. 5500" lat="" long="">It is amidst cardom plantations. beautiful suite rooms. cottage type two storied. All around tall trees. On the way one can see pothamedu view point.</sleep>
  
*''' Tall Trees''',Pothamedu, (''4&nbsp;km from Munnar''), [http://www.ttr.in].
+
*<sleep name="Spice Tree Resort" alt="5300 Feet above sea level" address="Muttukad, Off Munnar-Thekkady Road, Bison Valley" directions="23 kms from Munnar Town on Thekkady Road" phone="+919847415670" url="http://www.spicetreemunnar.com" checkin="13:00" checkout="11:00" price="INR 9500" lat="" long="">Spice Tree is a boutique premium destination retreat in Munnar focusing in experiential holidays towards sustainable tourism initiatives. It features 12 spacious Classic rooms with Jacuzzi and private balcony, 2 Spa Suites with Victorian copper bath tubs, canvassed garden sit-out, living room cum spa area; a multi-cuisine family dining hall, solar heated mountain spring water swimming pool, well furnished three bed contemporary spa and yoga pavilion, a book bar cum library, and offering a host of outdoor activities like treks, hikes and plantation trails; above all 2.5 hectors of environment friendly nature landscaped area overlooking the ever enchanting Bison Valley view along the Kanan Devan Hills of Munnar.</sleep>
 +
* <sleep name="Rivulet Resort" alt="Best Luxury Honeymoon Resorts in Munnar" address="Pallivasal  " directions="few km from Munnar Town" phone="89433 40950  " email="[email protected]" url="http://www.rivuletresort.com" checkin="12pm" checkout="11:30am" price="Rs 2,500-10,500">Rivulet resort munnar is the iconic luxury holiday experience among resorts and hotels in munnar and a unique honeymoon luxury resort in munnar</sleep>
  
*''' Best Western Fort Munnar''', Chinnakkanal. (''22&nbsp;km from Munnar Town''),  [http://www.bestwestern.com].
+
* <sleep name="Ayur County Resort" alt="" address="" directions="18 km from Munnar Town" phone="91 48 6568 5618" email="[email protected]" fax="+91 48 6824 9218" url="http://www.ayurcounty.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="Rs 2,500-12,500">Ayurvedic centre, cardamom plantation visit, fishing, trekking, camp fire, multi-cuisine restaurant and coffee shop, childrens play area &amp; activity room, credit card facility, travel desk, site seeing trip 24 hr hot &amp; cold water, STD direct dialing, cableTV in all rooms, pick up and drop off, conference hall, doctor on call.</sleep>
  
*''' Club Mahindra Lakeview Resort''', Chinnakkanal. (''20&nbsp;km from Munnar Town on the way to Thekkady/Periyar''),  [http://www.clubmahindra.com/res_munnar_home.asp].
+
*<sleep name="Camelot" alt="" address="" directions="10 km from Munnar" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.camelotmunnar.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="">If you are travelling in your own vehicle then this may be a good choice. You need to drive 2 km off road to reach the resort, which is fun. However if you are new to driving, leave your car at the entrance and ask the owner to pick you up from there. Pack your food in town as the choice of food at resort is limited.</sleep>
  
*'''Tea County''', [http://www.ktdc.com/Teacounty.htm]..
+
*<sleep name="The Wind Munnar" alt="The Wind Munnar" address="Periyakanal - Muttukad Road, Chinnakanal, Munnar, Idukki District-685565, Kerala, India." directions="" phone="+91 9495519624" url="http://thewindmunnar.com/" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">Perched neatly on the cliff edge, The Wind Munnar offers one seclusion and a tranquil stay. The cosy cottages (Cliff Edge and Honeymoon Cliff Edge Cottages) are well-maintained and furnished to give one a comfortable stay enjoying excellent views of unspoiled nature through the balconies and windows.</sleep>
  
*''' Windermere''', Bison Valley Rd, (''outskirts of Munnar''). [http://windermeremunnar.com]
+
==Stay safe==
 
 
*'''Mountain Club''', Chinnakkanal (''20&nbsp;km from Munnar Town on the way to Thekkady/Periyar'')
 
 
 
*''' Siena Village''', Chinnakkanal (''20&nbsp;km from Munnar Town on the way to Thekkady/Periyar'')
 
  
==Stay safe==
+
Be sure to apply sunscreen lotion frequently. Don't be fooled - it may be cooler than the rest of South India here but the sun is still just as strong. Also stay well hydrated and protected to avoid sunstroke, just as you would in the rest of the tropic region.
  
Apply sunscreen lotion while you leave Munnar because as you descend the hills the weather gets warmer and causes sun burn.
 
 
Hill stations tend to get dark rather early, so be sure to carry a torch or flashlight.
 
Hill stations tend to get dark rather early, so be sure to carry a torch or flashlight.
 
  
 
===Hospitals===
 
===Hospitals===
Line 328: Line 425:
  
 
==Get out==
 
==Get out==
 
+
* [[Theni]]
* [[Eravikulam National Park]]
+
* [[Eravikulam National Park]]: The Eravikulam National Park is home to the main fauna attraction of [https://indiator.com/Kerala/tour-packages/3-days-private-tea-valley-munnar-hill-station-tour-from-cochin/22 Munnar], the Nilgiri Tahr. The well-maintained national park is the habitat of a large range of flora and fauna. You can find several endemic species like the sambar, Nilgiri langur, the Nilgiri wood pigeon and other rare birds and butterflies. It also offers best views of the tea gardens and hills.
* Mattupetty
+
* Mattupetty: About 13 km from [https://indiator.com/Kerala/tour-packages/3-days-private-tea-valley-munnar-hill-station-tour-from-cochin/22 Munnar] is the Mattupetty Dam that is frequented by tourists to view the dam as well as the lake that offers great views of the hills and tea gardens all around.
 
* [[Kodaikanal]] Munnar - Devikulam - Bodimettu - Bodi - Theni - Periya Kulam - Ghat Road - Ganguvarpetty - Falls View - Oothu - Mooliyaru - Machoor - Mayiladum Parai - Perumal Malai - Kodaikanal - approx 170&nbsp;km
 
* [[Kodaikanal]] Munnar - Devikulam - Bodimettu - Bodi - Theni - Periya Kulam - Ghat Road - Ganguvarpetty - Falls View - Oothu - Mooliyaru - Machoor - Mayiladum Parai - Perumal Malai - Kodaikanal - approx 170&nbsp;km
 
* [[Thekkady]]
 
* [[Thekkady]]
Line 338: Line 435:
 
* [[Madurai]]
 
* [[Madurai]]
 
* [[Kovalam]]
 
* [[Kovalam]]
 
+
* [[Tirunelveli]]
 +
* [https://indiator.com/tourist-places/blog/plan-perfect-munnar-tour/ How to Plan Your Perfect Munnar Tour]
 
{{usablecity}}
 
{{usablecity}}
 
{{IsPartOf|Northern Travancore}}
 
{{IsPartOf|Northern Travancore}}
[[Wikipedia:Munnar]]
+
[[Wikipedia: Munnar]]

Latest revision as of 13:42, 29 November 2018


Munnar is a hill station in the Indian state of Kerala.

Kerala distance map

Understand[edit]

Munnar is a beautiful hill station, and was the summer resort of the British. Tourists come here to see the vast tea plantations of the area. The town itself is typically Indian with the usual shops, guest houses and is really beautiful and traditional. It is a good place to stay to see the surrounding countryside. It is also a popular place for Indian honeymooners.

The town is divided into two parts, Old Munnar, where the tourist information office is, and Munnar, where the bus station and most guest houses are located.

The region in and around Munnar varies in height from 1,500 m (4,921 ft) to 2,695 m (8,842 ft) above mean sea level. It is pronounced "Moon-aar" short for "moonu aar" meaning 3 rivers. Three rivers - Mattupetti, Nallathanni and Periavaru which flow through this town, but join some distance away from Munnar.

Munnar is famous for its tea plantations, many of them started by the British. The "Kannan Devan" brand of Tea from the Tata is cultivated and processed here.

The strobilanthus ("Neelakurinji" in Malayalam and Tamil, the local language), a blue flower which blooms only every 12 years, is found in this region. It bloomed last in December 2006. Munnar also has the highest peak in South India, Anamudi, at 2,695 m.

Eravikulam national park is one of the main tourist attraction, where you can find the endangered species of Nilgiri Tahr (mountain goat called "varayadu" in Malayalam and Tamil). A trek to Rajamala ("King of hills" in Malayalam), in the morning is sure to spot a few friendly mountain goats. You can also find Gaur, Langur, Lion-tailed macaque, and Elephants depending on the season and time of travel. The altitude is 1,600-1.800 m above sea level. Temperature ranges from a minimum of 0⁰C to a maximum of 28⁰C. Warm clothes and rain gear is recommended. The tourist season is from Aug-Mar.

You can arrange a cab/taxi from Ernakulam Railway station, they will charge (round trip) from Rs 5000 to Rs 7000.

History of Munnar[edit]

The tradition that Col Arthur Wellesley, later to be the Duke of Wellington, leading a British detachment from Vandiperiyar to Bodinayakanur, then over the High Range and into the Coimbatore plains to cut off Tippu Sultan’s retreat from Travancore, was the first Englishman in the High Range appears to be belied by the dates involved. If the story is a dozen years too early for Wellesley, it is quite possible that some other officer in General Meadow’s Army may have had that distinction. Unfortunately, no record of that pioneering mountain crossing has been traced. What is available is a record of that pioneering mountain crossing has been traced. What is available is a record of the surveying of this terrain in 1816-17 by Lt Benjamin Swayne Ward, son of Col Francis Swayne Ward to whom we owe many of the early views of Madras and South India Now available in lithprints.

Ward and his assistant Lt Eyre Connor were on orders to map the unexplored country between Cochin and Madurai and so they followed the Periyar into the mountains and then headed north into what at that time was described as ‘‘ the dark impenetrable forests of the High Range’’. They lost men to at least one elephant charge, suffered agony from leech bites and once ran so short of food that a deer run down and being feasted on by wild dogs was manna for the party and their jungle guides. The subsequent report by Ward and Connor was to lead to the Periyar Dam project, completed only in the 1890s,but for the present they were more pre occupied getting into the mountains that they could see towering in the distance from Bodi. Then, on October 14, 1817, ‘‘the weather having improved the ascent into the High Range began’’.

Their first major camp was at a flat promontory at 6000 feet. And this was ever afterwards to be known as Top Station. Moving north, they saw to their south the Cardamom Hills, a slope 45 miles long and 30 wide from the heights above Bodi stretching into Travancore. To their north there appeared to be grasslands on high rock peaks. And in front of them, ‘‘an outstanding mountain, shaped like an elephant’s head’’. On November 8, they established camp at the confluence of three rivers, which they judged to be the centre of the district, and from Munnar (Moonar – three rivers), as it came to be known, they surveyed the area, discovered the ancient village of Neramangalam in ruins but surmised that it might well have been from here that ivory and peacock feathers, pepper and cardamom, sandalwood and other timber went to the lands to the West across the Arabian Sea”.

It was to be nearly 50 years later that Sir Charles Trevelyan, Governor of Madras, instructed Col Douglas Hamilton to explore the hill country in the western part of the Madras Presidency, requesting special advice on the feasibility of establishing sanatoria for the British in the South and of developing revenue- earning projects without endangering the environment, as had happened in Ceylon where coffee had destroyed not only the rain forest but also paddy cultivation in the north – central rice bowl of ancient Ceylon.

Marching south along the Anamallai, Hamilton saw ‘‘the grandest and most extensive (view) I have ever beheld; some of the precipices are of stupendous magnitude and the charming variety of scenery comprising undulating grassy hills, wooded valleys, rocky crags, overhanging precipices, the green rice fields far below in the valley of the Anchanad, the grand mass of the Pulunies (beyond) and the blue ranges in the far distance, present a view far beyond my power to describe…’’

On May 7, 1862, Hamilton set out to climb Anaimudi, following a ‘‘well worn elephant path, ascending the opposite slope by a series of short zigzags that were so perfect and regular that we could scarcely Eravikulam plateau (later Hamilton’s Plateau), watered by two streams, one of which bordered the Eravikulam swamp before cascading down 1000 feet in a beautiful waterfall. Separating the plateau from Anaimudi was a deep, thickly forested ravine – later called Inaccessible Valley and, detouring it, they began the climb from the east to the peak. ‘‘On our return, we followed an elephant path for several miles, the gradient of this path was truly wonderful, these sagacious animals avoiding every steep or difficult ascent, except at one hill which was cleverly zigzagged, owing to masses of sheer rock preventing a regular incline being taken.’’

It was to be 15 years later before another report came in. But this was more significant from the viewpoint of this history, for though it came as a result of the shikar expeditions of the ever-exploring John Daniel Munro, he was an opener – up of land and a pioneering planter first and a shikari second. Reporting on the High Range in 1877, he wrote, ‘‘ Exclusive of the low Unjenaad valley which is not above 3100 feet, the area within these boundaries may be roughly estimated at 200 square miles with an elevation over 5000 ft … Much of this is worthless land, but there is a good deal fit for cultivation … Coffee … would succeed well at a somewhat lower elevation, and Tea and Cinchona would grow miles available for these purposes, and there being the great inducement of a good climate, it will doubtless not be many years before these fine hills get occupied’’.

And Munro, who always had a long – range view of things, indeed proved right again. Mention has already been made of the journey into these hills by Henry Turner and his half – brother ‘Thambi’ A W Turner, the concessions that Munro, then Superintendent of the Cardamom Hills for the Raja of Travancore, got them from the Raja, and the Society the three of them formed in 1879 with Rs 450,000 capital. The agreement they entered into with the Rajah read in part: ‘‘The annual sum of one half British rupee on every acre of land other than grassland comprised in such deed which has already been or shall hereafter from time to time be opened up for the purpose of cultivation or otherwise’’.

While Thambi Turner began in 1879 clearing the forest round the Devikulam camp, later to become the taluk headquarters, Henry returned to Madras and began looking for others willing to take up land here. The first to do so was Baron George Otto Von Rosenberg of Dresden and his sister who were kin of the Turners by marriage. The Baron opened up Manalle, later a part of the family’s Lockhart Estate, and it was developed by his son Baron John Michael in the 1890s, the first tennis court in the hills being added. It was property that was to remain for years in the family. Then came A H Sharp, who opened up Parvathi in the wilds and planted the first tea, to be followed by C Donovan. In1881 came E J Fowler to open up Aneimudi Estate and in 1882, C O Master and G W Claridge, C W W Martin, a fellow of Henry Turner’s in the Madras Civil Service , sent his 18 – year – old nephew Aylmer Ffoulke Martin (Toby) to open Sothuparai near Chittavurrai in 1883 and Toby Martin ever seemed to be clearing new land for others after that. Other estates of this era were H M Knight’s Surianalle, Panniar belonging to J A Hunter and K E Nicoll and the Turners’ Talliar where the last coffee in the High Range flourished on 700 acres.Every one of them benefited from the experience of Ceylon planter John Payne, whom Henry Turner ‘imported’ in 1881. Payne not only opened up Talliar with coffee for the Turners, but he taught his fellow planters in the High Range road tracing, draining and general thottam work. He also cut a riding road, Payne’s Ghat, from Devikulam to Periakanal and opened the district up to ‘civilisation’.

In the Eighties, it was only their indomitable will that kept the planters going in this wilderness. They lived in grass – thatched huts with mud and wattle walls and surrounded their homes with elephant trenches. The only medical aid each planter had was ‘‘ his own medicine chest and he had to doctor himself and his coolies with only Doctor Short’s old book on Medicine in India to help him’’. It was 1889 before the pioneers saw the first European woman in the hills. That was when Baron Otto brought up his wife, the daughter of Henry Gribble of the Madras Civil Service; another Gribble girl married one of the Turner brothers. And in 1890 Toby Martin brought his bride – and they were to live decades in these hills.

An event which helped considerably to improve the lives of the early planters was when Claridge and Toby Martin descended from Top Station to Bottom Station (Koranganie at the head of the Bodi Pass) and went on to Bodinayakanur. There they met Suppan Chetty, who appeared to be the village leader, and negotiated him to send up rice and other provisions by headload and bring down cinchona bark and other products for onward transport. Soon bullocks, donkeys and ponies were brought in to help. This link with Suppan Chetty and his adopted son Alaganan Chetty, later an M L A, was to continue into recent times with their successors, M/s A S Alaganan Chetty & Sons.

Another event of significance was the arrival of John Ajoo, A Chinese, at Talliar Estate. One of six Chinese brought out by the East India Company to advice on tea planting and manufacture in the Nilgiris, he was recruited by Henry Turner and sent to the High Range. A small field of tea around the Munnar Estate Manager’s bungalow was once 13 acres in extent and used to be called ‘Chinaman’s Field’. John Ajoo’s son Antony later owned a small estate called Vialkadavu next to Talliar in which the Turner family long retained an interest.

By 1894, 26 estates, all of them small – holdings, were functioning on the Society’s lands but none was doing well as the cinchona boom began to go bust. The Society, by now, was in financial difficulties and it advertised its land widely in British and Indian newspapers. One of the first to respond was the North and South Sylhet Company, a subsidiary of Finlay Muir, arrived in India in December 1894 to finalise the transaction, then decided to visit the High Range with his son James and P R Buchanan and W Milne (from Ceylon). Accompanying them was H M Knight, a pioneer in the Anamallais and at the time a prominent proprietary planter. James Muir’s record of that journey from December 17, 1894 till January 5, 1895 is not without interest, revealing as it does the conditions of the times. It reads in excerpts:

…arrived at Madras on the morning of the 12th December … next few days were occupied in negotiations regarding the purchase of the shares of the … Society …and Rs 69/- per share was the price arranged to be paid after deductions for losses and money spent during the year ended 30th November, 1894…

… We arrived at Ammayanayakanur at 11:30 am the train being 23 minutes late, and … had dinner at 6 pm and about 7’o clock started in the bullock transit – there being four of these carts altogether – to do some 40 miles, to a village called Tayne(Theni). The bullock transits, and the carriage of all stores to Bodynaikanur , are managed by the United Carrying Company and one has to write the agent of this company at Ammayanayakanur for all that may be required.

After a not very comfortable night in these wagons we arrived at Tayne … We started for Bodynaikanur – Sir John being carried in a chairpart of the way … In the bullock transits mattresses are necessary and indeed one wants as much as possible under one, so as to break the jolting of the carts. We got away from Tayne shortly after 7, and reached Bodynaikanur about half past ten. The distance is supposed to be only some nine miles, but the bullock carts which carried our things went slowly, and Sir John, being carried part of the way in a chair, also caused delay. A large chair had been specially prepared in Madras, but when we arrived at Tayne we could not find what had become of it, and there was a small one there, which Mr Brown had sent back from Bodynaikanur. On arrival at Body we were advised not to stop long there, but to push on to Mettor the same day as there as severe cholera at Bodi and in the surrounding country … We found the chair which had been sent from Madras at Bodi and it was sent off with 10 carrying coolies, about one O’ clock, to go three miles along the road to Mettor and to wait there. The weight of the chair was 140 pounds , and the coolies had to be promised extra money when they got to Devikulam to induce them to go. Thirty – two coolies went with us from Bodi in addition to the 10 chair coolies, but the larger number of these were required for stores and parts of the tents which had not been already sent on. The bungalow at Bodi … (had a) very obliging (man who was) a fair cook. (We were very sorry to learn that he has since died of cholera, so that it was most fortunate we hurried on to Mettor, as Mrs Knight and Mr Graham who were only a short time at the bungalow also caught cholera and the former died.) … As the road was bad and steep the bearers made but little progress, (so Sir John) left the chair …riding the rest of the way to Mettor … The distance from Bodi to the foot of the ghaut is about 3 miles, the rest of the way being all an ascent and the road a very poor one, even for pack ponies, and would require a great deal of money to be spent on it would be passable for carts ….

The chair coolies were started off … to go 5 miles along the road to Devikulam … The road … would require a great deal to be done to it before it could be fit for bullock cart traffic … We walked and rode in turn till we got to Devikulam… the distance between Mettor and Devikulam is about 14 ½ miles… At Devikulam … went over the map of the Society’s land with the Baron…

…(at) Mr Grigg’s Camp … Sir John and Mr Milne had numerous conversations with Mr Grigg as to roads, the prompt opening out of the property and other matters connected herewith. Mr Grigg strongly advised that a main road should immediately be made through the centre of the property, that it should be constructed economically, and a careful statement kept of the outlay in connection with it, and he undertook to recover the amount from the Travancore Sircar to continue the road to the West from the Society’s boundary to Cochin which he thought would be the best Shipping Port for the Society’s produce … He also thought the alignment of the proposed railway might be so altered as to enable the traffic between Cochin and the Society’s estate to be carried on this line to advantage part of the way … Sir John inquired if Mr Grigg would like to have a piece of land specially made over to him so that he might arrange for an additional house being erected, thereon, for the accommodation of the resident as a health resort. Mr Grigg replied he would very much like to have a suitable site for this purpose not far from where his camp was erected, and a cross was made on the map then, before Sir John, and Mr Grigg indicating the spot, and Sir John undertook to request the directors of the North and the South Sylhet Tea Companies to make a gift of whatever land Mr Grigg, after further consideration, might select for this purpose…

The soil in the forest is deep and rich, and the river can be utilized to drive a large quantity of machinery. A beginning should be made here with both Tea and Coffee as soon as the requisite labour can be obtained. The forest is much infested with leeches and precautions had to be taken against them…

It is proposed not to decide where to put coffee until the jungle is all burned off, so as the area that will be put into tea and the area that will be put into coffee is not yet fixed.

1st January 1895

It was arranged that Mr Payne should give part of his time to the society to be spent first of all in selecting suitable coffee land inside or outside of the society’s boundaries, and that afterwards he should superintend and be entirely responsible for all the work thereon. For this it was arranged that he should receive a salary of Rs 3000/- per annum, for the present, to be paid monthly. Mr A Ff Martin, presently managing Sothuparai was, with Mr Payne’s approval, selected to be his first assistant with this work, and it was arranged that Mr Martin should receive a salary of Rs 100/- per month for his partial services as from 1st January 1895, and until the date when he should come over entirely to the service of the society, from which date his salary was to be Rs 300/- per month, for two years and after that Rs 350/- per month, for one year, always provided he gave entire satisfaction to Mr Payne, under whose orders he was to be. This arrangement however was not to come into force until Mr. Martin had cleared himself to Mr Payne’s satisfaction of the charges brought against him by Mr James Turner.

The road … from Marioor to Chinnar, is just about as bad as could be imagined, and, in many places, is not unlike the rocky bed of a mountain stream … it being impossible to ride – the horses having to be guided with great care by the syces, but at the end of 3 miles we came to a level road and here we found 3 bullock gharries … waiting for us … Sir John lay down in one of them and the other two were loaded with the baggage… The first 4 miles or so of the road that we had to do to Oodamullapet, our destination, were very bad and heavy with sand, and we made very slow progress, but after that we got on to an excellent road …’’

H M Knight was appointed the first General Manager, but with his new bride having just died, he was making plans to leave the country. Nevertheless, opening up of the jungle continued under Payne and with other experienced planters brought in from Ceylon. And A Suppan Chetty’s Pankajam Company at the foot of the ghats. In 1897, the Kannan Devan Hills produce company was registered as a separate company with a capital of 1.5 million and together with, a few years later, the American Direct Tea Trading Company Ltd., another member of the finaly Group, became holders of almost the entire concession, except for a few estates first planted in the lower reaches by the pioneers. They owned 26 Estates, a few with coffee, most with cinchona.

With a growing work force and increasing hills produce, Willie Milne, who had been brought back from Ceylon to become the second General Manager, raised with Toby Martin’s help a herd of 500 bullocks to ensure transport up and down the ghat. ‘ Bullocky Bill’ Lee was put in charge of the cattle farm on the Kundale flats which was tended by vets brought out from England. Communication between estates was by runner and the planters kept horses on the estate for their use – and their wives’. Mrs Toby Martin remembered years later, “ The rivers were mostly unbridged; so it was quite the thing to dash into them with water up to the girths, hoping to get over fairly dry. The monsoon put great tests on everybody, but then everybody was able to ride well”.

When Milne left for Ceylon in 1899, H Leybourne Davidson became General Manager and transport and communications continued to be a priority, even as more acres were opened and it became certain that tea was to be the main crop. He established telephone communication between all estates. Once it was determined that the Kundale Valley, from Munnar to Chittavurrai Estate and Top Station, was the proper dividing line of the property on which the main road should be laid to feed the estates on either side, he got work going on the road, contracting it to out to the Gordon brothers , and began planning a ropeway from top station to the start of Kotagudi Ghat, Bottom Station. The rope way was an ingenious construction, 2 ¼ miles in length and dropping 5000 feet, built by Gideon and William Kemle from Periyar Dam scrap. The ropeway was opened in 1900 with great fanfare and provided splendid service for many years. Mrs Martin described it “ as a great and wonderful undertaking. The difficulty of combating the very rocky and steep country together with that of preventing wild elephants from pulling down standards and interfering in general with the work, was great for both engineers and workmen. Besides this, the fever … caused suffering to many … Gideon Kemle… died a few years afterwards of (it) …”

Once the ropeway was completed, Davidson decided to speed up traffic from Munnar. A monorail trameline was laid from Munnar to Top Station along the road. Large platforms, fitted with one large wheel to run on the road and a smaller wheel to run on a single rail, were drawn by bullocks. Later, ponies, posted at intervals, were used and speeded traffic from about 4mph to 6 mph. The tea chests were loaded on the platforms and if passengers wanted to use the ‘tram’ two easy chairs were placed on the platform and luggage piled all around them; from Top Station the passengers would have to tolerate the discomfort of bandies to reach Bottom Station and onwards.

A tea chest moved from Kannan Devan to England the Davidson way went through various adventures, which is perhaps why Davidson became Sir Leybourne. The tea chest moved from the estates to munnar by bullock cart, be loaded on to the monorail platform to be moved to Top Station, be transported from there in Suppan Chetty’s bullock carts to Ammayanayakanur railway station, then by train to Tuticorin, and, finally, by lighter to the steamer in the road! P R Buchanan took over as General Manager in 1901 and there began the fastest, most extensive opening up of the High Ranges, virgin jungles being felled, often with armed watchmen providing the workmen protection from the elephants and other wild life. When, in 1908, he started building a 2’ gauge light steam railway to replace the monorail, another link was added in this ingenious transport chain; the train would bring chests up to the point the tracks had been completed, then the goods were headloaded and taken to what was left of the monorail and its platform! The railway was eventually opened for traffic in 1909 and even had 1st and 2nd class accommodation.

When Buchunan left in 1911, Kanan Devan had grown to over 11,500 acres, while Anglo – American had over 1500 acres under tea; there were only about 3000 acres held by others, much of which was eventually to be taken over by Malayalam Plantations. Herbert Lloyd Pinches now took over and, taking a cue from the way the ropeway and the pioneering Munnar Factory were powered, he started the Munnar Valley Electric Works, which supplied power to nine factories within a radius of six miles. This was the first electric power supplied for tea manufacture in India. In time, much of the High Range would get its power from the MVEW grid.

By 1924, Pinches had ensured that most of the kanan Devan property had been cleared and developed, though development continued till 1932.That was when disaster struck. ‘The Flood’, already referred to, burst upon the High Range in July, parts of it receiving 195’’ in that month. When a big landslide blocking a road burst, the water gushed into Munnar, flooded the town, damaged the road and destroyed the railtrack. When recovery began, Pinches decided there would be no railway again and decided on a new ropeway, from Munnar to Bodi via Top Station.

The first path of this ropeway, work on which was started in 1925, was in three sections, Top Station to Chittavurrai Estate, from there to Sothuparai and Pattupatty, then the third stretch to Munnar. The 14 ½ mile ropeway, with hangers carrying 400 lb loads, could, at full capacity, carry 25 tons a day. The ropeway, which cost a little over Rs 760,000 was opened on December 3, 1926. In 1930, the old Top Station – Kotagudi ropeway was replaced by a modern roads thrust their way through the hills and motor transport made the slow ropeways outmoded.

As the era of motor transport began to get into its stride, there came World War II followed by the winds of change. How the High Range had grown by then, from about 6000 acres cultivated in 1894 to over 28000 acres in 1952! The changing scene saw the recruitment of Indian planters, Rengaswamy Chetty of the Suppan Chetty family the first Kanan Devan management recruit. But he resigned before long and N S Dhar was recruited. He was to stay with the company over 30 years. In 1964, Finlay’s teamed with Tata’s jointly start to the first instant tea factory in the country and by 1967, with devaluation, Finlay’s began taking a closer look at the new Indian scene. Several European planters, many of them third generation High Rangers, left and, soon, Indian managers outnumbered the expatriates. Then, in 1971, the Kerala Government wanted to ‘resume’ all land in the Kanan Devan Hills that had not been used for plantations. This would have deprived the company of over 18,000 acres of Eucalyptus used for estate fuel, along with hundreds of acres within estate boundaries. Negotiations that went on till 1974 – the successful culmination of which marked the Tata Group’s subsequent involvement with Kerala – led to Government agreeing to leave most of the eucalyptus and all the land within the estates to the company, leaving it with a compact 57,000 acres. And with that the old Kanan Devan concession came to an end.

Talk[edit]

Malayalam and Tamil are main languages spoken here. You can manage with English or Hindi. Avoid guides, as there are no official guides approved by Govt. Many guides approaching you might be too costly.

Get in[edit]

Munnar hills

By air[edit]

Cochin International airport (IATA: COK, ICAO: VOCI), also known as Nedumbassery Airport and CIAL is the nearest airport. It is 110 km away from Munnar by road.

Madurai International Airport which is 140Km from Munnar by (National Highway 49).

By train[edit]

The nearest railway station is Aluva, 110 km. Ernakulam is 130 km and Madurai is 135km You can get the direct regular buses to Munnar First Bus starts at 6AM.

By car[edit]

  • From Kochi: Munnar is 130 km (3.5 hr) from Kochi. The road is blind in some places and there are a lot of trucks and buses that seem to drive as if they own the road. Although the road is smooth (NH 49), it is narrow, twisty and curvy. Kothamangalam is on the way and is 80 km away from Munnar. Between Kothamangalam and next town "Adimali", you can experience a beautiful cool drive through a natural forest. Alongside, you can see many refreshing waterfalls. Once you reach Adimali, Munnar is just 30 kilometers away - but it will take almost an hour to reach. This is the last place where you can spot a decent restaurant before Munnar. Around 22 km from Adimali, you can start seeing the tea plantations on both sides of the road and a panoramic view of the western ghats. The view is extremely beautiful during the early mornings.
  • From Aluva: Aluva is nearly 110 km from Munnar. Just outside Aluva railway station you can hire a taxi for Munnar for Rs 2000. There is a bus stand nearby as well which operates frequent buses to Munnar; ticket prices start from Rs 70 per person. Due to bad road condition A/c bus service has been terminated otherwise bus journey is not comfortable.
  • From Madurai: Munnar is about 135 km from Madurai and 80 km from Theni. Madurai- Theni - Bodi - BodiMettu-Devikulam - Munnar route is the most scenic route by National Highway 49(Via Madurai-Cochin HighWay).
  • From Coimbatore: Munnar is about 160 km from Coimbatore and 120 km from Pollachi. Coimbatore- Pollachi - Udumalpet - Chinnar - Marayoor - Munnar route is the most scenic route and though it will take bit longer, it is generally considered worth the extra time spent.
  • From Kodaikanal: Kodaikanal is nearly 170 km from Munnar. Kodaikanal - Perumal Malai - Mayiladum Parai - Mooliyaru - Oothu - Falls View - Ganguvarpetty - Ghat Road - Periya Kulam - Theni - Bodi - Bodimettu - Devikulam - Munnar. This route is also scenic.
  • From Tirunelveli: Tirunelveli is nearly 255 km from Munnar. Tirunelveli - Sankarankovil - Rajapalayam - Srivilliputhur - Aandipatti - Theni - Bodi - Bodimettu - Devikulam - Munnar. This route is also scenic.

Distances from Munnar to various cities:


The road to Munnar is narrow with lots of bends and curves. Hire a taxi or a driver with local experience if you are not familiar with similar conditions

By bus[edit]

Munnar bus station is on the main street, Main Bazaar.

  • Kochi - takes 3.5-4.5 hours. Buses leave Kochi between 6AM-6PM. Last bus leave in 17:50 from KSRTC Interstate Bus Terminus (near Ernakulam Jn. South). Ticket price is 90 Rs.

KSRTC runs an AC volvo bus between Ernakulam to Munnar. The AC bus can be taken from the Mobility Hub KSRTC Stand Bus Station in Ernakulam. At the time of writing this (April 16, 2016) the KSRTC reservation website was not working properly, but tickets can easily be purchased when you get onto the AC bus for 242 Rs. Departure times may change so check ahead of time, but in April 2016, the bus departed at 10:30 AM from Mobility Hub KSRTC Stand Bus Station in Ernakulam and reached Munnar around 2-3 PM. While at the bus station watch for the arrival an orange "Low Floor" AC bus that says KURTC along the side and says "Munnar" on the electronic display at the front of the bus.

  • Aluva - Nearest bus station to the Cochin International Airport. About 4 hrs uphill to Munnar, and 3-3.5 hrs downhill. Ticket price is around Rs. 70 one-way for a government-operated bus, up to Rs. 150 for a privately operated bus.
  • Alappuzha - Three direct services daily, travel time around 5 hours. Price around 90 Rs.

Note that most buses have boards in Malayalam and not English. At Aluva, there are no signs, schedules or dedicated bus bays for Munnar-bound buses; many of them briefly stop at Aluva en route from Kochi/ Ernakulam to Munnar. Check with a few locals every 15 minutes, or ask and hang around the bus info office, so they can point you to the right bus when it arrives.

There are also buses from Coimbatore and Pollachi.

By taxi[edit]

There are also several tour operators in munnar who offer day return tours

See[edit][add listing]

Munnar Tea Estate

Some of these site would be more popular to Indian tourists than to Western tourists. There are four major directions are there in Munnar. Mattupatty Direction, Thekkedy Direction, Adimaly Direction and Coimbatore Direction.


Near Munnar Town

  • Atukkad Waterfalls, A scenic waterfalls amidst hills and jungles. You can find a road leading to Atukkad Waterfalls on Kochi road (just about 5 km from Munnar). This road is very narrow and needs a lot of experience to drive on.
  • Chithirapuram is located at a distance of around 10 km from Munnar. Chithirapuram has old playgrounds and courts, bungalows and sleepy little cottages which all give this place an old world charm. This town is also famous for its tea plantations in the world.
  • Blossom Park, also known as Hydel Park, (1 km from Munnar).
  • Pothamedu View Point


Mattuppetty direction

  • Floriculture Centre, run by the Kerala Forest Development Corporation. An extremely well-kept garden with a large variety of flowers and some herbal/ foliage plants, all against the backdrop of the tea plantations. Definitely worth a visit.
  • Photo Point, (2 km from Munnar). It is a small place filled with woods and a small stream. Good location to take photos.
  • Mattupetti Dam, (10 km from Munnar), this popular picnic spot activities like boating and horse riding and is a great place to spend the day e specially if visiting with children. You could take the speed boat ride which is fantastic. It costs Rs 300 if you have to hire a boat for you alone. The ride is for 15 min. The maximum capacity is 5 persons and you could save some money if you are a group of 4-5.
  • Mattupetti Indo-Swiss Farm, Better known as Mattupetti (cattle village), Tamil migrant labourers had once upon a time reared cattle here. The cool climate and abundance of fodder made it the ideal location for the Indo-Swiss dairy farm. Established in 1961, the Kerala Livestock Development Board (KLDB) manages this highly specialised dairy farm. The dairy farm is a unique one of its kind with more than 100 varieties of high-yielding cattle being reared. Tourists are not allowed to enter the farm.
Echo Point
  • Echo Point, (15 km from Munnar), on the way to top station from Munnar is a small lake set amidst rolling hills. Every loud call made from a spot on the lake embankment is returned manifold by the echo from the surrounding hills. Young tourists throng to this place to listen to the echoes of their friendship calls.
  • Kundala Lake, (23 km from Munnar). This lake is very beautiful amidst lush jungles. Hiring a pedal boat and exploring the lake and its surroundings is an awesome experience. Except at the place you hired the boat, don't expect to find humans around the lake as it is surrounded by scenic jungles and hills. Unless you know how to row a boat, prefer a pedal boat, each trip lasts around 30 min and will be closed at 4:30PM
  • Top Station, [28]. (37 km from Munnar on the Kerala and Tamil Nadu border). Great views of the Western Ghats. Top station is the "top"-tourist attraction. This place gives a real 'above the clouds' experience. Regular buses go to Top Station (1 hr) from Munnar. A jeep costs Rs 400. The area is known for the Neelakurunji plant, which flowers only once every 12 years. The flower is violet.

Coimbatore direction

  • Tata Tea Museum, also known as the KDHP Tea Museum, (Around 2 km on the Nallathany road, from Munnar). Interesting enough if you have not visited a tea plantation before. Tourists can see a collection of odd bits from the colonial era. Photography is allowed on payment of Rs. 20; videography is strictly prohibited here. A 30-minute film is screened (mainly propaganda around how well Tata takes care of its workers, and visitors are then taken around the factory to understand how tea is processed. This museum remains open from 10AM-4PM every day, closed on Mon. There is a Rs. 95 ticket fee for adults; lower for children.
  • Naimakkadu Water Falls
Nilgiri Tahr spotted at Eravikulam National Park
  • Eravikulam (Rajamalai) National Park, [29] (45 min from Munnar). See Nilgiri Thar (Hemitragas hylocres) - an endangered species of mountain goats, rolling grasslands and sholas, spread over 97² km in the Rajamalai hills, rare flora and fauna, Atlas moth (largest in the world), lion-tailed macaque, leopards, tigers, The Kurichi or Neelakurinji Flowers turn the hills of Rajamalai blue every 12 years. The next bloom will be in 2018. One can actually debate if going to the high peak just to see some goats is worth all the effort or not. However, the walk along the park is very romantic and has some breath taking view. Please be aware that this park remains closed every year around February-March due to the breeding program of the Nilgiri Thar. Before visiting Munnar please check if the park is open or not. Tickets can be bought from the counter for INR 360 per adult (foreigners). Please be warned that if you do not reach the counter before 8:30 AM, the queue can get so long that it may take a couple of hours to get the tickets. If you don't want to wait, you can buy a reserve ticket in the city for INR 50. The visit to the park is arranged by buses. While coming back after the visit, you'd again have to wait in queue. The entire process of buying tickets, visiting park and coming back may take 4-5 hours.
  • Anamudi Peak inside Eravikulam National Park [30], The highest peak (2,695 m) south of the Himalayas, towers over the sanctuary in majestic pride. The slopes of the hills abound in all kinds of rare flora and fauna. The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind in the world, is a unique inhabitant of the park. Other rare species of fauna found here are the Nilgiri Langur, the lion-tailed macaque, leopards, tigers. An ideal place for trekking, facilities are provided here and tourists are allowed to go on foot up to 2 kms from Anamudi. Going up to the peak is no longer permissible unless you have special permissions from forest department.
  • Lakkam Water Falls. (24 km from Munnar). A small waterfall.
  • Marayoor - (Around 40 km from Munnar). It is the only place in Kerala with natural growth of sandalwood trees, natural caves with murals, and relics from late Stone Age civilisation. There is a sandalwood factory of the Forestry department of Kerala and a children's park extending across one hectare of land under the canopy of a single Banyan tree, all of which attract tourists in large numbers.
  • Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, [31].Chinnar wildlife sanctuary is in the Wester Ghats of Kerala. This wildlife sanctuary has a large number of plants and animals. This wildlife sanctuary is spread in around 90² km of area. This sanctuary is one of the protected areas in the western ghats because of the significance of its flora, geomorphologic features, ecology and local cultural. As of March 2016, it costs 600 Rs. for entry for foreigners. You'll also need to pay an extra 600 Rs. for a guided trek (guides are mandatory). There are four treks available and they fall under two categories: waterfall trek or cave painting/dolman trek. Arrive very early in the morning (or stay overnight) for the best chance of seeing wildlife like peacocks, foxes, elephants, bison, deer, etc. If you arrive in the mid-afternoon you can still see wildlife if you are lucky enough to have a good guide with sharp eyes. Binoculars are a must for getting good views of wildlife and most guides will have a pair on them, but check to see if they do before departing on the trek.

Thekkedy Direction[edit]

  • Signal Point View Point
  • Idly Hill View Point
  • Devikulam Sri Ayyappan Temple
  • Munnar Heritage Tour, Lockhart Tea Factory
  • Lockhart Tea Museum, Lockhart Tea Museum is located on Munnar-Thekkedy road(NH-85) which provides and experienced factory tour and the Tea Museum briefs about the plantation history. Lockhart Estate is the first plantation in Munnar stared during 1879 by Mr.Baroness Von Rosenberg and one can buy daily fresh tea from their outlet.
  • Lockhart Tea Park
  • Chokarmudy Trekking, Chokarmudy is a Hill located as a border of Lockhart Estate on Munnar-Thekkedy Road in Munnar, Kerala, India. It is one of the highest peak in South India.This Chokarmudy Hill is having a historical view also. It says Chokan(Lord Siva) and Devi(Parvathy) was living here that is why the name of Devikulam also came into existence. Beyond this history, now it is one of the best trekking point. Those who want an adventure trek at Munnar can trek here. Its having around 7500 feet height from sea level.
  • Thankaiah Cave
  • Lockhart Gap View Point
  • Periyakanal Water Falls
  • Anayirangal Dam / Boating
  • Kolukkumalai Tea Estate, At a height of about 2,175 m (7,130 ft), this orthodox tea factory lays claim to
being one of the highest in the world. The view of the Western Ghats is absolutely enchanting. The views here are arguably better than anywhere else in Munnar (like Top Station) and are best at sunrise. You'll need to hire a 4x4 jeep to take you up to the estate and it's a very bumpy one-hour long ride, not recommended for the elderly or those who get carsick easily. Jeep hire from the nearby Suryanelli town should cost no more than 1,800 Rs as of March 2016.
En route to Kolukkumalai Tea Estate

Other places to visit:

  • Salim Ali (Thattekkad) Bird Sanctuary, [32]. There are woodpeckers, Malabar gray hornbills, Ceylon frogmouths, parakeets, and rose-billed rollers. This sanctuary is located 20 km from Kothamangalam on the road between Ernakulam and Munnar. There are basic and mid-range hotels in Kothamangalam and an Inspection Bungalow in Boothathankettu. You can take a boat cruise from Boothathankettu to Thattekkad. Admission foreigners: Rs 40, Indian Rs 10.



  • Waterfalls, Check out several natural waterfalls on the way to Munnar. They provide an excellent place for photography.
  • Kalvarimount
  • Mathikettan National Park (Poopara), Poopara (34 km from Munnar on Munnar Thekkadi route.).  edit
  • Munnar Holidays, Post Office Junction,Munnar (Topstation Road), 09447220025, [1]. 08Hrs. For all your travel need in Munnar. Sightseeing tours, flight & bus tickets, tourist Information services, cab services  edit

Do[edit][add listing]

Munnar view
  • Walk in the Clouds, Trek to your heart's content while the clouds slowly descend upon you.
  • Rock Climbing and Rappelling, Munnar has a steep rock face about 30 m (100 ft).
  • Munnar Carmelagiri Elephant Park (Munnar Elephant Safari), Mattupetty Road, Munnar (On the way to Mattupetty Dam), +91 94 4782 7696, +91 94 4737 9376 (), [2]. The elephant safari takes you through the misty forests, deep valleys and the rugged hill paths of the Munnar forests. One hour package, half day and one day tours. Features are, elephant bath, elephant shower, elephant feeding, timber dragging demonstrations and displays of elephant commands and communication.  edit
  • Boating, There are several places to go out for boating in Munnar. One can choose among paddle boats and speed boats to Kashmiri-Shikara. Young couples who travel to Munnar should not miss out on the beautiful 'Kashmiri-Shikara' boat ride. It is one of the most romantic experiences.
  • Bicycle. Experience the natural beauty of Munnar by riding a bicycle through beautiful paths of Munnar and pass through a tea state called Madupatty, around 14 km from Munnar.  edit
  • Yoga @Kaivalyam Retreat, Moolakada, Pallivasal (7 km from Munnar towards Cochin), [3]. "Kaivalyam" a holistic health retreat in midst of natural surrounding of tea valleys of Munnar. Year round destination to indulge in learning experience of holistic lifestyle with traditional form of Yoga and organic way of dining.  edit
  • The Christ Church, in Old Munnar.It is a Protestant CSI church attached to the North Kerala Diocese(Church of South India). The exteriors have worn out with time though the charming interiors still have a very nice ambiance. It was consecrated way back in 1910 and still has 14 original rows of pews. The first Catholic Church in the High Ranges was Mount Carmel Roman Catholic Church.
  • The High Range Club, has a charming colonial style. The club house is built of wicker and teak and is the social hub for the tea "Planters" of the region. Members enjoy lounging in the bar over Planter's Punch followed by a good meal, a game of billiards or reading a book in the library.
  • Munnar Supply Association (MSA), Set up in 1900, this is another nostalgic landmark worth visiting in Munnar. It is the oldest department store in the area and has been re-inventing itself to stay relevant and popular after almost 102 years. The store was run by "planters" who still manage its affairs. The MSA is a red brick, red tiled building with gables, buttresses and a porch and is now a heritage site.
  • Motorcycle Around Tea Plantations, Rent a classic Royal Enfield, scooter, or other motorcycle and ride to nearby destinations including Top Station, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats, etc. Motorbikes can be rented at Gokulam Bike Hire.
  • Rivulet Resort Munnar (Best Luxury Honeymoon Resort in Munnar), Pallivasal (Near Pallivasal), 89433 40950, [4]. Rivulet resort munnar is the iconic luxury holiday experience among resorts and hotels in munnar and a unique honeymoon luxury resort in munnar  edit


Buy[edit][add listing]

The best things to buy are tea, coffee, spices like cinnamon, cloves, cardamom and pepper and definitely home made chocolates.

  • Abbas & Co. Tea Merchants, 25, Bazaar, Munnar. Abbas &amp Co is wholesaler but also sells to visitors. Really good price for tea, green tea, coffee, cashew - nuts, home made chocolates, spices, aloe vera gel. Budget.  edit
  • Fresh tea from a factory outlet, Kannimallay Estate, Munnar (On the way to Eravikulam National Park, 5 km from Munnar town). Several varities of tea fresh from factory.  edit
  • Munnar inn chocolate mall & Spices Supermarket, Main road, Munnar, 8281573822. all variety of spices and tea available for resonable rate  edit
  • John, 104 , Trident , Hyderabad, 9387532483, [5]. Authentic chocolates from a real chocolate manufacturer. They are Located at Kallar waterfalls about 14 kms ahead of Munnar. They have wide variety of chocolates and this factory outlet offers 15 to 20 % on all products.  edit

Banks/Currency Exchange[edit]

  • State Bank of Travancore. ☎ +91 4865 2530274.
  • State Bank of India, Munnar. ☎ +91 4865 2530381.
  • State Bank of Travancore, Devikulam. ☎ +91 4865 2565441.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Kerala is famous for Fish Curry. For snacks, one should try local spicy cashew nut, chilly bhaji with hot tea as they are a traditional snack and makes good combination in cold weather.

  • Bamboo Hut, G.H. Road. Wide range of food for reasonable prices, although service can be a bit slow. Also, the place usually has Western music (from Bob Dylan to electronic chill-out sound).
  • Saravana Bhavan, Right at the heart of town and one of the most inexpensive places to eat. The service here is quick and the food is absolutely delicious. You might have to share your table with others. This place provides South Indian dishes, served on a banana leaf.
  • Silverspoon Restaurant, Munnarinn, Main Bazaar (Right beside the bus station). Breakfast until 11AM. This place does a great value buffet breakfast of cornflakes, toast, omelet plus Indian breakfast food for Rs 95.  edit
  • TreeTop Restaurant, +91 48 6526 4273 (+91 48 6526 4399), [6]. Multi-cuisine restaurant. 70 person seating capacity providing vegetarian and non-vegetarian food.  edit

Munnar has some amazing street food (try the Gobi noodles), so if you are after a cheap and delicious meal check the area around the bus stand in Munnar (not the KSRTC bus stand in Old Munnar).

  • CampNoel, Pazhathottam, Munnar (15 km from Top Station), +91 48 6521 4095, [7]. 7AM-10PM. Multi cuisine restaurant at 2075 m (6,800 ft) above sea level and possibly the highest altitude restaurant in Kerala. If coming from Top station, turn right at 19 mile. Road is bad so make sure you have a suitably robust vehicle or inform them and they will pick you up. The journey is worth it. Please inform them early if you are going there for only for food.  edit
  • Sri velavan stores, G.H.road, Munnar, +91 48 6523 2379. All provisions available at reasonable prices.  edit
  • Patel Gujarati Restraunt, (Near Post Office). Gujarati and Marwari meals.. Under Rs 100.  edit
  • Purohit Restaurant, Inside Hotel Dhanyasree, Dhanyasree Jn. Chilling Plant Road, Munnar (Nr Tea County Resorts), +91 48 6523 2552 (+91 48 6523 2553, +91 99 4623 9251). 6AM-10:30PM. Bombay, Jain, Gujarati, Rajasthani, Punjabi and South Indian food. Good Gujarati, unlimited Thali at Rs 150. Budget.  edit
  • Mahaveer Veg Restaurant, Kalinivas Building, Main Road, Munnar, +91 48 6523 1677 (+91 99 4629 2907). Provides authentic North-Indian food with style ranging from Gujarati to Punjabi and delicious rotis. Meals start from Rs 105/-. Only vegetarian food served. The downside to the place is cleanliness at the tables. Mahaveer has a branch near Purohit restaurant; this one is larger and cleaner.  edit
  • Kaivalyam Retreat, Moolakada, Pallivasal Estate P.O. Munnar (7.5 km towards Cochin direction), +91 48 6523 2628 (+91 94 9582 1617, +91 95 2647 7838), [8]. 24x7. Kaivalyam retreat has a 100% pure vegetarian restaurant which serves organic and healthy yogic food. As it is a yoga retreat more emphasis is given to food quality and hygiene. Serves North Indian, South Indian and a few continental dishes. Their desserts are good. Set in the midst of cardamom and pepper plantation. Rs 200.  edit
  • SN Restaurant, Old Munnar, just north of bus depot. Tasty and inexpensive Kerala food, masala dosa, idli, appam etc. for breakfast, great pulao, butter chicken, porotta etc. for dinner. Popular among locals and tourists.  edit

Drink[edit][add listing]

Fresh tea, coffee and milk is available at most places. Hard and soft drink are also available at fair number of shops.

Packed grapes and mixed fruit juice is also available at few places.

  • Abad Copper Castle, Pothamedu-Munnar, +91 48 6523 1202.  edit
  • gokulam home stay (gokulam), anachal,chithirapuram p o, (near dream land park), 04865263736. Homely accomodation and food at reasonable rate to tourists.  edit
  • Abad Copper Castle, Pothumedu, Munnar, Kerala 685565, India, +91 4844144000, [9].  edit


Sleep[edit][add listing]

Budget[edit]

  • "HOTEL SIVAS REGENCY" is a pleasant accommodation with a variety of amenities at the right price.Situated on the madurai road,THENI. it is an ideal choice for those who want a quiet stay close to all key destinations. Frequent buses run to all major cities and the village (bus stand is next to the hotel)Contact - 04546 254425
  • Kaippallil Inn Resorts, M.G Road (only two minutes walk from town bus stand), Mob: 9495029259, phone: 04865-230079 (). It´s a save, clean place on the one hand directly in the town center, one the other hand quietly to the hillside. Best: sometimes 7 a.m yoga and 7 p.m meditation lessons for free. 400rs.  edit
  • Autumn Trees, N.H.-49, Devikulam, Munnar. Ph, +91-4865-264273/ 264399/ 208308. Fax : +91-484-4030010. Deluxe Rooms, Suite Rooms, Dormitory facilities & Multi cuisine Restaurant. For More details Contact : Jiji C. George (Director) +91-9447414147 / +91-9895294743. C.G.Yesudas (Director)+91-9447791191 .
  • Allens Cottage, [email protected] (10 km from the town, opposite to the KSRTC bus stand), +91 97 47268095, [10]. Upscale and standard cottages away from all the disturbences of the city. Camp fire and inbound trekking can be arranged.  edit
  • Eightlands Holidays, Colony Rd, Munnar-685612, Idukki Dist, Kerala, Mob:+91 9495812364, +91 9446561652, Office: 04865 232986, [11]. A set of cute cottages nestling against the backdrop of mountain ranges cut off from the hubbubs of hospital life. Eight Lands Holidays offers you stands unique and aloof among the other such establishments in and around Munnar. Buildings that blend English and ethnic styles offer you a relaxed stay and the rooms are of various types and fully furnished facilities. A winding pathway leads you to the privacy of your ethnic cottage furnished to tempt you. Each bedroom is provided with telephone, TV and hot and cold running water. At the touch of a button, you bring the alive courteous service at any time of the day/night. The Balconies allow the residents to observe the nature in all its verdant county all around.  edit
  • JJ Cottage, (close to the KSRTC bus stand in old Munnar), +91 48 6523 0104 (). Nice rooms, very friendly and helpful staff with surprisingly good cheap food. Double rooms may be negotiated down to Rs 300 during the low season. Feels more like a bed and breakfast than your average guest-house.  edit
  • Hotel Misha, Misha Jn (close to the main market in old Munnar. Opposite Hotel Green Ridge.), +91 48 6523 0376, +91 48 6523 2376 (), [12]. checkout: 12 noon. Can be negotiated further down to Rs 700-800/- in peak season and lower in off season. Rs 1,200-1,700.  edit
  • Theresian Cottages (Homestay), Munnar (near Tea County Resorts), +91 48 6523 0351, +91 94 4739 7720, +91 94 9587 9748. checkin: anytime; checkout: 12 noon. bad location with horrible views. Nearby to many restaurants. Tea and coffee is available. Kerala Tourism Department approved. Room with 2 beds~Rs 700 - Rs 1000.  edit
  • Nature Zone Resort Munnar, Pulippara, Pallivasal, Munnar, +91 9745433330, [13]. Ideal place for travelers seeking a break from the city ,want to spend time with nature with picturesque surroundings and peaceful environment  edit

Mid-range[edit]

  • Pulimoottil Estate Bungalow, (10 km from Munnar Town in Mankulam Road), [14]. Offers independent estate bungalows and rooms. Has restaurant, conference hall etc. Enjoy a stroll through a Cardamom Plantation, visit the stream. Offers Camp fire facilities.  edit
  • Greenspaces Munnar, (10 km from Munnar), [15]. Greenspaces is neither a resort nor a hotel; it is a small guest-house/plantation-stay/homestead amid a cardamom plantation, about 10 km away from the crowded Munnar Town. It is one of the Kerala state tourism department approved stays.  edit
  • Deshadan Mountain Resort, (5 km from Munnar), [16]. The highest resort in Munnar. Views from the valley view room are breathtaking. Excellent breakfast. Road to Deshadan is very narrow and requires an experienced driver to drive a car to the top.  edit
  • Spice Garden Resort, (Located in the second mile, around 8-10 km from Munnar Bus Stop), +91 48 6526 3698, +91 94 4716 3696 (), [17]. Cheap, clean, courteous staff and located on hill slope with a breathtaking view. Multi cuisine restaurant providing breakfast and dinner however food is only made to order. Hot water 24 hr, TV in all rooms, Trekking and travel assistance, laundry. A doctor is on-call, parking spaces and driver accommodation are provided. Rs 1,500-2,500 (Indian nationals).  edit
  • Bella Vista Resort, Chithirapuram Post (20 km from Munnar town), [18]. Very scenic with roof top restaurant. Double honeymoon cottage around Rs 1,800.  edit
  • Devadaru Holiday Villa, Near Chengulam Dam (15 km from Munnar town), [19]. A single villa in a 2 acre spice garden, you rent it in whole, no hotels or resorts can match this privacy.  edit

Splurge[edit]

  • Club Mahindra Munnar Resort (Club Mahindra Munnar Resort), Chinnakanal Village, Suryanelli (via) Iddukki District, Munnar, 04868-249290, [20]. Club Mahindra Munnar Resort has always attracted eyeballs and has been one of the most sought after tourist spot. An overwhelming site to witness, the convergence of three mountain ranges including Muthipuzza, Nallathanni and Kundala. With spacious and lavish rooms, Club Mahindra gives a beautiful glimpse of the paradise every morning you peek through the mist covered window with the hot tea in your hand. (10.08893,77.05952) edit
  • Misty Mountain Resort, Randam Mile Pallivasal, 04865263784, [21]. checkin: 2; checkout: 12. Located only 7kms before reaching Munnar town , beside the national highway when travelling from Kochi - Munnar, yet far away to provide an environment free from the distractions of daily business life, the resort overlooks panoramic vistas of the Sahyadri mountains ranges, verdant tea gardens and even a distant lake !! 50 deluxe rooms, 2 restaurants, Ayurveda, Gym, resort trek, gardens and excellant photo opportunity from 5th floor rooftop terrace. Offering banquet, karoake & bonfire for groups. Rs. 3500-6000.  edit
  • Woodpecker Holidays, Ottamaram, Pothamedu (Near Oakfield), 9744480120, [22]. checkin: 12.noon; checkout: 11.noon. It is amidst cardom plantations. beautiful suite rooms. cottage type two storied. All around tall trees. On the way one can see pothamedu view point. Rs. 5500.  edit
  • Spice Tree Resort (5300 Feet above sea level), Muttukad, Off Munnar-Thekkady Road, Bison Valley (23 kms from Munnar Town on Thekkady Road), +919847415670, [23]. checkin: 13:00; checkout: 11:00. Spice Tree is a boutique premium destination retreat in Munnar focusing in experiential holidays towards sustainable tourism initiatives. It features 12 spacious Classic rooms with Jacuzzi and private balcony, 2 Spa Suites with Victorian copper bath tubs, canvassed garden sit-out, living room cum spa area; a multi-cuisine family dining hall, solar heated mountain spring water swimming pool, well furnished three bed contemporary spa and yoga pavilion, a book bar cum library, and offering a host of outdoor activities like treks, hikes and plantation trails; above all 2.5 hectors of environment friendly nature landscaped area overlooking the ever enchanting Bison Valley view along the Kanan Devan Hills of Munnar. INR 9500.  edit
  • Rivulet Resort (Best Luxury Honeymoon Resorts in Munnar), Pallivasal (few km from Munnar Town), 89433 40950 (), [24]. checkin: 12pm; checkout: 11:30am. Rivulet resort munnar is the iconic luxury holiday experience among resorts and hotels in munnar and a unique honeymoon luxury resort in munnar Rs 2,500-10,500.  edit
  • Ayur County Resort, (18 km from Munnar Town), 91 48 6568 5618 (, fax: +91 48 6824 9218), [25]. Ayurvedic centre, cardamom plantation visit, fishing, trekking, camp fire, multi-cuisine restaurant and coffee shop, childrens play area & activity room, credit card facility, travel desk, site seeing trip 24 hr hot & cold water, STD direct dialing, cableTV in all rooms, pick up and drop off, conference hall, doctor on call. Rs 2,500-12,500.  edit
  • Camelot, (10 km from Munnar), [26]. If you are travelling in your own vehicle then this may be a good choice. You need to drive 2 km off road to reach the resort, which is fun. However if you are new to driving, leave your car at the entrance and ask the owner to pick you up from there. Pack your food in town as the choice of food at resort is limited.  edit
  • The Wind Munnar (The Wind Munnar), Periyakanal - Muttukad Road, Chinnakanal, Munnar, Idukki District-685565, Kerala, India., +91 9495519624, [27]. Perched neatly on the cliff edge, The Wind Munnar offers one seclusion and a tranquil stay. The cosy cottages (Cliff Edge and Honeymoon Cliff Edge Cottages) are well-maintained and furnished to give one a comfortable stay enjoying excellent views of unspoiled nature through the balconies and windows.  edit

Stay safe[edit]

Be sure to apply sunscreen lotion frequently. Don't be fooled - it may be cooler than the rest of South India here but the sun is still just as strong. Also stay well hydrated and protected to avoid sunstroke, just as you would in the rest of the tropic region.

Hill stations tend to get dark rather early, so be sure to carry a torch or flashlight.

Hospitals[edit]

  • Tata General Hospital, Munnar ☎ +91 48 6253 0270
  • Matha Hospital , Munnar ☎ +91 48 6253 0744
  • Arun Hospital, Munnar ☎ +91 48 6253 0410

Contact[edit]

  • Main Post Office. ☎ +91 48 6253 0280.

Emergency numbers[edit]

  • Police control room ☎ 100
  • Fire station ☎ 101
  • Ambulance ☎ 103

Cope[edit]

Ayurvedic treatments, massage[edit]

  • Swatic Ayur Care Centre, ☎ +91 94 4703 1656, +91 48 6523 1656, +91 48 6523 0395.
  • Surya Ayurvedic Health Resorts, Chithirapuram. ☎ +91 48 6256 3204.

Get out[edit]

  • Theni
  • Eravikulam National Park: The Eravikulam National Park is home to the main fauna attraction of Munnar, the Nilgiri Tahr. The well-maintained national park is the habitat of a large range of flora and fauna. You can find several endemic species like the sambar, Nilgiri langur, the Nilgiri wood pigeon and other rare birds and butterflies. It also offers best views of the tea gardens and hills.
  • Mattupetty: About 13 km from Munnar is the Mattupetty Dam that is frequented by tourists to view the dam as well as the lake that offers great views of the hills and tea gardens all around.
  • Kodaikanal Munnar - Devikulam - Bodimettu - Bodi - Theni - Periya Kulam - Ghat Road - Ganguvarpetty - Falls View - Oothu - Mooliyaru - Machoor - Mayiladum Parai - Perumal Malai - Kodaikanal - approx 170 km
  • Thekkady
  • Pollachi
  • Coimbatore
  • Palani
  • Madurai
  • Kovalam
  • Tirunelveli
  • How to Plan Your Perfect Munnar Tour
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