Earth : Asia : Southeast Asia : Indonesia : Nusa Tenggara : Sumbawa : Mount Tambora
In 1815 it was the site of the most powerful explosion in modern history - an explosion that was heard as far away as Batavia. The mountain was reduced from 4200m to 2800m. It is estimated that 36 cubic kilometers of the mountain was reduced to dust which then swirled around the globe for the next few years, resulting in a 'year without summer' in Europe and a period of spectacular sunsets some of which can be seen in the paintings of English landscape artist, John Constable. The explosion, which was far bigger than that of Krakatoa in 1883, devastated the peninsula on which Tambora is located, killing many thousands of people outright and rendering much of the country inhabitable for years to come. The resulting famine led to thousands of more deaths.
Flora and fauna