Earth : Europe : Russia : Central Russia : Moscow Oblast
Moscow Oblast is the region surrounding the city of Moscow in the heart of Central Russia. For this proximity to the capital of Russia Moscow Oblast is often called Podmoskovie (Russian: Подмосковье, Pohd-mohs-KOH-vie).
The region borders Kaluga Oblast to the southwest, Smolensk Oblast to the west,Tver Oblast to the north, Yaroslavl Oblast to the northeast, Vladimir Oblast to the east, Ryazan Oblast to the southeast, and Tula Oblast to the south.
Podmoskovie is easily accessible from Moscow and while staying in the metropolis you may always dedicate a day or two to explore the neighbouring region's attractions. Moscow Oblast can be worth a longer visit as well, offering a variety of historical cities, natural sights, and leisure opportunities.
Moscow Oblast is the economic and political heart of Russia and is by far its most populous oblast—even not including the city of Moscow itself, the region has approximately seven million residents. Destinations in the region are easily accessible by day trips from Moscow and have an extraordinary amount of sightseeing for the interested traveler.
Moscow oblast is in UTC+3 time zone.
Within Moscow Oblast, more English and other European languages are spoken than in most of Russia, but travelers should still consider familiarizing themselves with some key Russian phrases.
Moscow Oblast lacks any Roman alphabet signage, except the roadsigns at some major highways. Even there expect to find differing titles of the same place. For instance, while driving you can meet Moscow, Moskow and Moskva signs within several kilometers.
In most cases getting in Moscow Oblast is done through the transport hub of the city of Moscow.
All three international airports of Moscow are located inside Moscow Oblast having direct bus or commuter train (elektrichka) connections with the cities of Podmoskovie, as following:
If you want to get to any other part of Podmoskovie from the airports - hire a taxi or proceed through Moscow.
There are 3 kinds of local commuter trains operating from Moscow to Moscow Oblast and neighbouring regions:
Long-distance trains in most cases have no stops in Podmoskovie.
In general, the most efficient means of public transport in the region is the network of suburban electric rail, called elektrichki (электрички, eh-lehk-TREECH-kee), which radiates outwards from the capital. Elektrichki depart from the main Moscow rail stations. Detailed and up-to-date (including frequent changes) suburban trains time-table available online in Russian on the tutu.ru site. For point-to-point travel between cities and towns besides Moscow, buses and minibuses (marshrutki) are usually the best public transport option. Extensive information on routes and timetables of buses and minibuses, as well as routes of trams and trolleybuses in Moscow region can be found here  (in Russian), however it does not cover commercial operators, which can be a good alternative in many directions.
Moscow Oblast is the biggest central hub for Russia in its entirety; you can get to anywhere in Russia from here. Some nearby popular destinations include the cities of the Golden Ring, Saint Petersburg, and Novgorod.