YOU CAN EDIT THIS PAGE! Just click any blue "Edit" link and start writing!

Difference between revisions of "Moscow"

From Wikitravel
Jump to: navigation, search

Default Banner.jpg

m (By taxi: formatting)
(Get out)
Line 909: Line 909:
*'''[[Borodino]] battlefield''' - This is the site of the famous Battle of Borodino. Museum and national historic site []. Commuter trains from Belorussky Station; 2-3 daily, travel time about 2 hours.
*'''[[Borodino]] battlefield''' - This is the site of the famous Battle of Borodino. Museum and national historic site []. Commuter trains from Belorussky Station; 2-3 daily, travel time about 2 hours.
*'''[[Kulikovo Field]]''' - a historical area of famous 1380 Kulikovo battle against mongol invaders
*'''Melikhovo (Chekhov's country house south of Moscow)'''
*'''Melikhovo (Chekhov's country house south of Moscow)'''
Line 916: Line 918:
*'''[[Kolomna]]''' - A nice medieval town (about 2 hrs from Moscow) with a number of very interesting churches and monasteries
*'''[[Kolomna]]''' - A nice medieval town (about 2 hrs from Moscow) with a number of very interesting churches and monasteries
*'''[[Yasnaya Polyana]] (Tolstoi's country house close to Tula)'''
*'''[[Yasnaya Polyana]] (Leo Tolstoi's country house close to Tula)'''
*'''[[Klin]]''' - A small town in Moscow Region hosting the House-Museum of Pyotr Tchaikovsky
*'''New Jerusalem Resurrection Monastery''' - A monastery-fortress (male, working) with a number of museums inside and next to the walls: Wooden architecture museum, local history museum, Art and History museum etc. The monastery was founded in 1656 by Tzar Alexis II and Patriarch Nikon (his "cell", a three-storey house stands in the park outside the monastery walls) to resemble the original Jerusalem. The place is roughly between Novoierusalimskaya (15 min on foot) and Istra (15 min by bus) elektrichka stations, around 60 km from Moscow.
*'''New Jerusalem Resurrection Monastery''' - A monastery-fortress (male, working) with a number of museums inside and next to the walls: Wooden architecture museum, local history museum, Art and History museum etc. The monastery was founded in 1656 by Tzar Alexis II and Patriarch Nikon (his "cell", a three-storey house stands in the park outside the monastery walls) to resemble the original Jerusalem. The place is roughly between Novoierusalimskaya (15 min on foot) and Istra (15 min by bus) elektrichka stations, around 60 km from Moscow.

Revision as of 09:23, 29 August 2013

For other places with the same name, see Moscow (disambiguation).
Moscow is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them.
Saint Basil's Cathedral

Moscow is the capital of Russia. Having played a central role in the development of the Russian state and its history, Moscow was the capital of the former Soviet Union and continues to pave the way as Muscovites move into the 21st century. An 860 year-old city, Moscow has many reminders of its imperial and Soviet past. It is a sprawling city with numerous museums, Soviet-era monoliths and post-Soviet kitsch. If there is one thing to remember when visiting the city and interpreting its fruits, it's that Moscow is like a historical graffiti wall - those who have come and gone all left their mark - sometimes on top of those of their predecessors.


Moscow is the financial and political centre of Russia and the former Soviet Union, with a population of around 13 million, and covers an area of around 1,080 km². One-tenth of all Russian citizens live in the metropolitan area. Moscow is in GMT+4 time zone.

For many years since the break up of the Soviet Union, the economy has improved, and the modern era has brought upon a wide variety of construction projects, modern architecture and quasi-modern transport systems.

Moscow's long time mayor, Yury Luzhkov initiated these changes during his time in office, but was fired in September 2010 for allegedly insulting the president through a scathing letter.

His successor, Sergei Sobyanin, has begun to gradually relax Luzhkov's construction plan, and a majority of Luzhkov's plans have been stopped or abandoned.


Moscow is a large metropolis on the Moskva River, which bends its way through the city. Most of the main sites are on the northern bank of the river. The other major waterway is the Yauza River, which flows into the Moskva east of the Kremlin.

Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°C) -4.9 -3.5 2.2 10.8 18.2 22.1 23.2 21.3 15.1 8.1 0.6 -3.1
Nightly lows (°C) -10.3 -9.9 -4.7 2.1 7.4 12.0 13.8 12.0 7.0 2.0 -3.7 -7.9
Precipitation (mm) 46 36 32 38 52 84 90 80 67 66 60 53

Average of Moscow

Much of Moscow's geography is defined by the numerous 'Ring Roads' that circle the city at various distances from the centre, roughly following the outline of the walls that used to surround Moscow. With Red Square and the Kremlin forming the very centre, the innermost ring road is the Boulevard Ring (Bulvarnoye Koltso), built in the 1820s where the 16th century walls used to be. It runs from the Christ the Savior Cathedral in south-west central Moscow, to the mouth of the Yauza in south-east central Moscow.

The next ring road, the Garden Ring (Sadovoe Koltso), derives its name from the fact that landowners near the road in Tsarist times were obligated to maintain gardens to make the road attractive. In Soviet times, the road was widened, and currently you will find no gardens there.

The recently constructed Third Ring is not much use for tourists but is a heavily used motorway which absorbs a bit of Moscow's traffic. It roughly follows the outline of Kamer-Kollezhsky val, the customs and passport boundary of Moscow between 1742 and 1852. The outer edge of Moscow is largely defined by the Moscow Ring Road (widely known by its abbreviation: MKAD-Moskovskaya koltsevaya avtomobilnaya doroga), a motorway which is 108 km long and encircles the entire city (similar to London's M25 and Paris' Périphérique). A Fourth Ring was planned to be built between the Third Ring and the Moscow Ring Road, using in places the right-of-way of the freight rail loop, but the new mayor's administration announced the project was abandoned.

Get in

If you need a visa to go to Russia, Moscow is no exception; there's no specific Moscow visa - once you have a valid Russian visa, you can go to Moscow as well as any other place in Russia. See Russia#Get in for details.

By plane

Moscow (IATA: MOW) has three main airports:

If you are a Gazprom functionary or a business traveller with a private jet, you may also find yourself landing in Ostafyevo Airport (ICAO: UUMO).

Moscow is by far the main air traffic hub of Russia and will continue to be as both Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo are undergoing major development plans.

During the years 1980-1991 all international flights to Moscow landed at Sheremetyevo International Airport, commonly called Sheremetyevo II, which was recently renamed "Terminal F". The home base of Aeroflot's international services, Sheremetyevo II was built for the 1980 Summer Olympics. Sheremetyevo I (now "Terminal B") was built in 1960s as the then's international terminal, but after 1980 was "downgraded" to domestic service. Today Sheremetyevo also has four new terminals - A (business aviation), C, D and E. Aeroflot operates in terminals D, E and F.

In mid-2000s, Sheremetyevo was eclipsed by Domodedovo, which underwent a renovation and has always had a direct commuter rail link to the city. Many international carriers, including British Airways and Lufthansa, switched to Domodedovo and since 2005 it has catered to more passengers than Sheremetyevo. Aeroflot's biggest competitors S7 (Sibir) and Transaero, along with a slew of minnows, are based at Domodedovo.

In the last years, the third airport, Vnukovo, has launched a major reconstruction project as well and has managed to attract a number of airlines including Turkish Airlines and Lufthansa. UTAir, a major domestic airline, has operated its network from Vnukovo for decades.

If you prefer to go to the airport by car, it is best to call a taxi agency and book a cab. There are many agencies that can provide this service, and the cost ranges from €30-50 or more. Be sure to check the list of official taxi operators on the official websites of airports. [100], [101]. With telephone or online pre-booking you will be able to get a taxi for a cheaper price. All airports also have taxi kiosks where you can get yourself a driver at a fixed price, but a bit higher than if you book taxi online or by phone in advance. Don't listen to people jumping at you in the terminal as soon as you clear customs with offers of a taxi in several languages - at best it will get you a major rip-off, and may be unsafe to boot. For public transportation see below:


Sheremetyevo International Airport, (IATA: SVO) [102] has terminals A (business aviation), B, C, D, E and F on both sides of the runway [103]. You can walk between terminals A, B and C; or between terminals D, E and F; but you have to take a shuttle bus [104] or a taxi to go between the two sites. Sheremetyevo I is the old name for Terminal B, and Sheremetyevo II is the old name for Terminal F.

International flights depart terminals C, D, E and F. Domestic destinations are operated out of terminals B and D. Aeroflot has concentrated most of its flights to the newly built Terminal D (was known during the construction time as "Terminal 3" or "Sheremetyevo III"), though some flights are operated from E and F.

Sheremetyevo, north of the city centre, is about as close to downtown Moscow as Vnukovo, but the major road leading to it, Leningradskoye Shosse, is one of the busiest in the city and is normally a giant traffic jam most of the day.

The quickest way to get to Sheremetyevo is to take an Aeroexpress [105] train from Belorussky Railway Terminal (see below). These depart from a dedicated terminal (3d or 4th entrances) from 5:50AM to 11:30PM every 30 or 60 minutes (check their website before you go, there is a 2-hr "window" in the schedule between 11am and 1pm from the city terminal, and from 10:30am to 12:30pm from Sheremetyevo), and now connect directly to SVO-2/D/E/F, with a shuttle bus service to SVO-1/B/C. The journey takes 35 minutes and costs 320 rubles one-way (as of June 2013). Keep your paper or mobile ticket for the whole of the Aeroexpress journey. In contrast to many other airports, Sheremetyevo isn't served by a mixture of express and suburban trains, and the Aeroexpress is the only rail link to it.

If you are not in a hurry (particularly if you are going from the airport to the city), you can get to the airport by local transport. Bus 851 departs from Rechnoy Vokzal subway station (North of the green line), bus 817 departs from Planernaya (North of the purple line). The station in the airport is near the exit of terminals E, F. The cost is equal to the cost of a normal bus journey inside the city (single-ride tickets cost 25 RUB at the vendor kiosks, 28 RUB from the driver). Mind that the buses might be stuck in a traffic jam.

For leaving a car near the airport for the length of your trip outside Moscow, there are numerous (non)official parking lots between SVO1 and SVO2; rates start from 200 rubles/day and up.

Terminal F (Sheremetyevo II)

Most flights from/to Sheremetyevo II are operated either by Aeroflot or by its partner international carriers, mostly members of the SkyTeam alliance. Check-in starts two hours before departure time (three hours for U.S.-bound flights).

If you fly economy and there are several people in your group, for check-in it's better to have someone to stand in business class queue, especially if you arrive before registration starts: business-class clerk opens first and may take on economy class passengers if there's none (or at least not too many) business-class customers.

Ground-floor is the arrivals level, with departures being one level above.

Driving in to Sheremetyevo II area (going behind toll bar) is hugely overpriced and should be avoided whenever possible. In addition to entry charge of 100 rubles/hour (rounded up to the next hour), after entering the toll bar, there is an extra charge taken, from 100 rubles/hour to 300 rubles/hour, depending on the distance from entrance and the comfort of parking—with an unofficial option of an unlimited-time stay for 300 rubles.

In the pre-check-in area on the departures level, there's only TGI Friday plus six to eight no-name cafes/bars/coffee shops. TGIF can make your coffee to go, but charges about 360 rubles for mid-sized latte and serves it in Coca-Cola-branded paper cups. They also have free Wi-Fi which can be used outside of the restaurant as well. The TGIF serves the same menu as in America, which may come in handy on your way out if you have grown tired of salty smoked fish and warm drinks. There's a cheap self-service cafeteria two levels up (use the elevator or the stairs), where all the airport workers eat, and a more formal 1980's Soviet-retro-chic restaurant above it. Both have nice view of the tarmac.

Most cafes and restaurants beyond passport control are faceless and overpriced. Club Bar boasts Ronnefeldt teas and decent pancakes however. Note that you have to clear customs before check-in so there's practically no going back after you check-in to the cafeteria or the restaurant upstairs.

The airport has banking and currency exchange offices, and ATMs are available in both the arrivals and departures areas. Remember to change your rubles into Euros or USD before departing Moscow, as almost no other country will cash in your rubles for you. Duty-free shops operated by Aerofirst Moscow Duty Free [106] cover a large space, but merely repeat the same choice in five or six outlets. As elsewhere, only the most popular local souvenirs are sold, still with a huge margin. This terminal also has a hairdresser, pharmacy and a medical office as well as at least two travel agencies. Business and first class lounges are in upstairs.

For transit passengers without a Russian visa a possibility exists to stay the night at Novotel hotel just outside the airport. Report to the 'Transfer/Transit without visa' desk upon arrival. You'll be escorted to the hotel in a private bus and stay in a corridor with personal security guard. Rooms are spacious (two queen size beds) and comfortable. You'll be picked up by Aeroflot staff about one hour prior to departure and the bus will bring you directly to the departure gate. Cost of this service is around RUB 6700 for a room.

The information desk is in the main hall and sometimes you are lucky enough to get someone who speaks reasonably good English. The number is +7 495 956-4666. You can also call an Intourist representatives (available in Terminal 2) who can provide tourist information at +7 495 578-5971.


Domodedovo International Airport (IATA: DME) [107] is south of the city center and is the main hub of S7 Airlines and Transaero, large domestic airlines in Russia also serving numerous international destinations. Many international carriers, including British Airways, Lufthansa and budget airline easyJet, also use Domodedovo and since 2005 it has catered to more passengers than Sheremetyevo.

The railway station is located directly inside the airport and is served by the non-stop Aeroexpress [108] train as well as commuter trains, both running to the Paveletsky Rail Terminal in central Moscow. The Aeroexpress runs every 30 minutes and takes 45-50 minutes to the centre and costs 320 rubles, whereas the commuter train runs infrequently, takes 65-70 minutes and costs 99 rubles.

A shuttle bus runs from the Metro station at Domodedovskaya to the airport every 15 minutes, taking around 30 minutes for the trip and costing 100 rubles. The bus is actually a very comfortable coach service with plenty of luggage space (luggage is included in the price). Domodedovskaya is around 20 minutes from Paveletsky, and if you are getting the metro at the end of your trip it may work out a simpler and cheaper journey than the Aeroexpress. The shuttle bus is numbered 308, and departs from the bus parking on the left around 30 metres in front of the terminal building. At Domodedovskaya take the exit to the south (downtown side) turn right in the underpass, and follow it to the end, then take the stairs. There are crude stencilled signs on the pillars to guide you. The bus stop is immediately at the top of the stairs.


Vnukovo International Airport (IATA: VKO) [109] is southwest from the city centre and is served by such airlines as UTair, Transaero, Yakutia, Lufthansa, Germanwings etc. The new Terminal A was opened in December 2010 and offers both domestic and international flights. Terminal D is used for domestic arrivals from North Caucasus only. You can take an Aeroexpress train [110] from Kievsky Train Station, which departs 07:00-24:00 every 60 minutes in peak hours (with intervals of about four hours for off-peak hours). The journey takes 35-45 minutes and costs 320 rubles one way. There is an express bus connection between Domodedovo and Vnukovo airports, which departs about every 90 minutes. Another convenient and fast way to get to Vnukovo is the local transport. Take the subway to Yugo-Zapadnaya station (the last one on the red line). Then you can take the small mini-busses next to the exit of the subway. These mini-busses depart every ~10 minutes, and the journey doesn't take more than 30 minutes since the road is usually not heavily congested. This way it costs 25RUB for the subway and 50 RUB for the bus. A little bit unconfortable if you travel with many or big luggages.


Ostafyevo International Airport [111] is located south from Moscow in Podolsk district, about 3 km to the west of Scherbinka railway station, from where you need to take a taxi, and is the home of GazpromAvia airlines. It caters mainly to business aviation.

By train

All aboard!

Moscow is the principal railway hub of Russia, from here you can reach almost all corners of this vast country and far into Europe or Asia. A side-effect of this is that it's often easier for a someone going cross-country to change trains in Moscow, even if it's a little out of the way, as the choice of direct trains is limited compared to the ones going to the capital. This means, unfortunately, that main train stations are always crowded with transients, and are generally about the most unsafe places in the city.

This said, and even with proliferation of large and small air carriers in the post-Soviet Russia and the price of plane tickets coming down considerably (and the price of rail tickets creeping up year after year), train travel still remains the predominant mode of middle- and even long-distance transportation for the majority of Russians. In a day and a night a traveler based in Moscow can cover a significant part of the Eastern Europe; two nights and the intervening day will find you the second morning as far south as the Black Sea and as far East as Ural Mountains.

Most long-distance trains are operated by FPK (Federal Passenger Company, a subsidiary of Russian Railways RZD [112]), tickets can be bought both at stations and on-line if you can read Russian. Notice that tickets bought on-line still needs to be validated at a counter or a ticket machine. At the major stations there are often counters with English-speaking personnel. Sometimes these are marked, and sometimes you will be directed by the first person you speak to another counter with an English speaker.

From Saint Petersburg

With the launch of high-speed Sapsan trains Saint Petersburg is now just four hours away. There are seven depatures daily at 6:45AM, 7AM, 1:30PM, 1:45PM, 3PM, 7:25PM, and 7:45PM, with some trains stopping at Tver, Vyshniy Volochek, Bologoe, and Okulovka. Fares vary but usually land somewhere around 3,000 rubles.

Overnight trains are still very popular however and there are plenty of them, 13 in total, not taking in account those passing in transit. The most famous is the Red Arrow (Красная стрела), departing Saint Petersburg daily at 11:55PM while the song Hymn to the Great City plays.

From Europe

The newly-launched TransEuropeanExpress traverses Europe, making the run Paris-Moscow up to four times a week via Frankfurt, Berlin and Warsaw amongst other cities. The train boasts a luxury carriage apart from the normal first and second class and national railways provide restaurant cars. Travel from Paris takes 38 hours, fares are quite high with second class tickets at €330.

Several other European cities have direct carriages to Moscow including; Amsterdam (36 h), Basel (38 h), Bratislava (42 h), Budapest (37 h), Nice (49 h, Thursdays) Prague (34 h) and Vienna (34 h).

From Eastern Russia and Asia

       See also: Trans-Siberian Railway

Moscow lies at the western end of several great train journeys across the Trans-Siberian Railway, the main line runs between Moscow and Vladivostok, the principal Russian city along the Pacific Coast. Branded train Rossiya runs every second day and takes seven nights. Stop-overs are made in many important cities in eastern and central Russia including Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk and Yekaterinburg. Additional trains are of course available from these cities too. Prices hover around 20,000 rubles for second class.

More common to travellers is the other route, between Moscow and China. There are two weekly trains from Beijing, the Trans-Mongolian via Ulaanbaatar and Vostok via Manchuria. Both journeys take six nights but the one via Mongolia offers more scenery. Tickets for this route can not be bought on-line and travel agencies often pre-book whole compartments and then re-sell them. This means that unless you're lucky and can buy a ticket early you have to book though an travel agency which can be expensive, up to $800 for a one-way ride.

Train stations in Moscow

Moscow has nine train stations, eight of them offering long-distance and local train services (Savyolovsky Station offers local train service only). All are located relatively in the center of Moscow and have metro stations nearby. Be prepared for enormous queues trying to enter or exit the Metro at peak times, as people are getting off or on the commuter trains.

Three of them; Leningradsky, Yaroslavsky and Kazansky are all located on one huge square, informally known as the "Three Stations' Square". A running joke among Moscow taxi drivers ever since the Soviet times is to be able to pick up a fare from one of them to the other, taking the unwary tourist on an elaborate ride in circles.

  • Savyolovsky Station. Commuter trains only, to the northern suburbs and beyond. Metro: Savyolovskaya.
  • Rizhsky Railway Terminal: Relatively small; serves only Riga and other Latvian destinations. Metro: Rizhskaya.
  • Kursky Railway Terminal: Actually two directions at one terminus. Eastern branch serves Vladimir and Nizhny Novgorod, but most trains go south, through Tula, Orel, Kursk and eastern Ukraine to the Black Sea and beyond, including Sochi, the Crimea and the Caucasus. Metro: Kurskaya/Chkalovskaya.
  • Paveletsky Railway Terminal: Serves Voronezh, Astrakhan, and other Southern destinations. Metro: Paveletskaya.
  • Kievsky Railway Terminal: Southwesterly direction. Serves Bryansk, Kiev, other destinations in Central and Western Ukraine and southern European destinations such as Budapest, Zagreb, Belgrade, and Sofia. Metro: Kievskaya.

By car

The direct way to drive from Germany, Poland, or Belarus is along the E30 road. However EU or American citizens have to get Belarussian visas to pass through Belarus, so it could be more convenient to go via Latvia (the nearest border crossing between EU and Russia on this direction) using the E22 which starts in Riga.

Easy access from Finland through Saint Petersburg and Novgorod is along the E18 road. This route is also known as Russian Federal Highway M-10. Traffic on the M-10 is heavy and driving less relaxing.

Foreign cars – especially expensive ones – might attract unwelcome attention, and there is cumbersome paperwork involved.

Many entry points to Moscow - that is, the overpasses carrying the major highways over the Ring Road and into the city - feature rotating roadblocks, where teams of traffic police may stop a vehicle. especially if it is not featuring Moscow plates. You may be stopped and questioned; you'll be allowed to proceed if you have all the proper documents.

By bus

Intercity buses to Russian and some former Soviet Union cities depart from the intercity bus station (автовокзал) at Shelkovskaya Metro station (the last station of the dark blue line, in northeast Moscow). This is the only place in Moscow from which public transportation is available directly to Suzdal. Also, some intercity buses depart from Komsomolskaya, Tushinskaya, Yugo-Zapadnaya, Vykhino, and Domodedovskaya Metro stations.

By ship

Moscow used to be served by regular passenger ships. A system of navigable channels and locks connects the Moskva River with Volga River, which in turn, through the Volga-Baltic channel, provides a way to the Baltic Sea (using the Onega, Ladoga and Neva rivers) and further from Ladoga Lake through the White Sea channel to the White Sea; to the south through the Volga-Don channel to the Don river and the Azov and Black Sea; while Volga itself flows into the Caspian Sea. In the Soviet times this allowed the official propaganda to refer to Moscow as "a port on the five seas". There is no scheduled passenger traffic anymore on any of these routes.

There are 2 river terminals in Moscow, on each end of the series of major bridges over the river; these are not capable of being drawn up, and not all of them are of sufficient height to allow large ships to pass. The North Station, in Khimki neighborhood, provides berths for cruise ships to Saint Petersburg, as well as Astrakhan, Rostov-on-Don and other cities along the Volga. The South Station (closest Metro: Kolomenskaya) ceased to be used commercially, since the Oka River, of which the Moskva is a tributary, has silted to the point of being impassable.

Get around

By metro

The Metro in Moscow

Central Moscow is best to be explored on foot, but as the distances are huge, it's easiest to use the famous Metro system [113]. It is comprehensive, boasts some great architecture, and is relatively cheap.

Since April 2013, Moscow introduced the new ticket system. There are three types of paper tickets, one of them ("TAT") with magnet stripe could be used only in on-ground transportation (buses, trams and trolleybuses), another ("Ediny") is a samrt-card and could be used in metro as well. These kinds of tickets are of pay-per-ride type. Payment does not depend on the length of the trip. Third type of tickets is "90 minutes ride" tickets, they are also paper smart-cards, but allow one ride in metro and unlimited rides in buses etc. for 90 minutes since first validation. By the way you have not to finish your ride within 90 minutes, you have only to make your ticket last validation. "Ediny" and "90 minutes" tickets are sold at manned booths ("kassa") or ticket vending machines within the stations. The vending machines at most stations sell one or two trip tickets only. The ticket machines have buttons in English as well as Russian. A convenient way to avoid queuing is to buy a multi-trip ticket for 5, 10, 20 or 60 trips valid for 90 days, or a monthly pass for up to 70 trips; the latter costs almost the same as 60x pass, but is valid for a calendar month, not the 30 days from the date of purchase. One ride with "Ediny" ticket costs 30 RUB, with "90 minutes" costs 50 RUB. The most convinient way to ride all kinds of transportation in Moscow is "Troika" e-wallet. It's a plastic smart-card which can be refuelled and reimbursed (the deposit is 50 RUB). This e-wallet is smart. First ride on metro will cost 28 RUB, next on-ground ride within 90 minutes will cost only 16 rubles, rest on-ground rides will be free. If you start with on-ground transportation, first ride will cost only 26 RUB, second 18 RUB. Note what you can make only one ride in metro for reduced price within 90 minutes. Transfer from metro to monorail and vice versa is free within Details of prices and multiple purchase discounts are on the official website [114]. 24 hours unlimited ticket costs 200 RUB. You can also buy smart-cards for a period from one month up to one year. However, if you lose it, you will not get any refund or replacement.

You can easily find any station you need on the map [115].

Rule of thumb for trip time in Metro is usually to take about 3 minutes for every station you pass. However, some parts of the metro are very deep, and some transfers are very long. In the city centre it can save time to go directly to the above-ground entrance of the line you want to take, rather than to enter at a connecting station and transfer underground. The metro webpage estimates travel times between any pair of stations. Some escalators are a two minute ride as the stations in the city centre are very deep. On the escalators, stand on the right.

The Metro is open from 5:30 a.m - 1:00 a.m. Station entrances are closed at 1:00 a.m., this is also the time, when last trains start from all of the termini stations of the lines. No one is allowed to start their journey by metro after 1:00 a.m., although trains are still running. Service on the ring line extends for crossing passengers to 1:30 a.m., though entrances are still closed at 1. Short-length escalators and all escalators, running down, are also locked at 1:00 a.m. (although crossings are not closed while there are trains running) and passengers have to step them. However, long escalators running up work to the last passenger. Before 7:00 a.m. and after 9:00 p.m., the Metro is rarely busy. Between these times on workdays, however, it can be a real squeeze, especially within the ring.

The colors on the signs in the metro don't necessarily correspond to the ones on the maps, so the green line is not necessarily indicated by a green sign (that could be the sign for the gray line). Use the numbers rather than the colours to avoid any ambiguity. There are almost no English signs inside so have your itinerary ready beforehand or learn to recognise your station in Cyrillic. Each metro carriage has a map in latin script, and there is one near the entrance to each platform. Do not intimidated by the huge masses of jostling, rushing, cross people. The Russians also take their time to study the tiny signposts to see where to change trains or which exit to take. To find out in which direction a train is going, look at the signs at the platform or in the front window of the train - the one in the rear window may show the opposite direction. Avoid the Metro if you are claustrophobic since the air is thick, especially at rush hour. Most of the older train cars are not air-conditioned nor heated, so in the winter it might get quite chilly on several stretches where the track is above the ground.

The most interesting stations in terms of decor are Komsomolskaya, Novoslobodskaya and Kievskaya on the ring line, Kropotkinskaya on the red line, Kievskaya, Arbatskaya and Ploschad' Revolyutsii (there are lot of sculptures on sides of this station) on dark blue line, Mayakovskaya on the green line (watch out for the mosaics on the ceiling). The last one is also one of the deepest, which allowed it to be used as a makeshift assembly hall for a Party meeting marking the anniversary of the Revolution during the German bombardments in the winter of 1941.

Pay attention that there are several pairs or even triples of stations with same names located on different lines and connected by transfers. But there are also unique two pair of stations called Smolenskaya and Arbatskaya and they are NOT connected at all. Those on light blue line are among the first built stations in Metro (they were opened in 1935 with first Metro line).

Also you can take a look at architecture of ground entrance building of mentioned Arbatskaya station on light blue line (it's built like red star in plan) and Krasnye Vorota station on red line (it's like a giant portal protruding from underground).

Also there is an unique station in Metro that is located at bridge crossing Moscow River. This bridge also carries traffic road on higher level. There is beautiful view through transparent sides of station. This station is called Vorob'evy gory and located on red line. Great observing point around Moscow is located nearby on Vorob'evy hills. Lomonosov Moscow State University main building is also located next to the observation point.

The Metro is relatively safe, although pickpockets are a problem, as they are in any environment where a lot of people are pressed together. Opportunistic petty crime, such as snatching someone's mobile phone and jumping out just as the doors are closing, is also commonplace. Take the usual precautions at the night hours, when the crowds recede to avoid being the only passenger in a car with a gang of inebriated teenagers looking for an excuse to beat someone up.

There is no train guard or conductor, so the first car near the driver may be the safest. Every car is equipped with an intercom to the driver's cabin; they are beige boxes with a grill and a black button near doors, and mostly work, unless visibly vandalized. If you find yourself in a dangerous situation, press the button and wait for the driver or his assistant to reply. The employee might not understand you but will know that there are problems and will pass the information on. At the next stop, someone (it could be even a bored on-duty policeman) might check in on the commotion.

By bus and trolleybus

Every large street in the city is served by at least one bus route. Many of these routes are doubled by the trolleybus routes. Also every large street of Moscow has trolley wires over it. Moscow buses and trollebuses go from 5:30 a.m. till 1:00 a.m. The average distance between bus stops is about 150 m (500 ft). [116] As Metro stations outside the city centre are far apart in comparison to other cities, up to 4 km (2.5 mi), an extensive bus network radiates from each station to the surrounding residential zones. Even though they have one, buses and trolleybuses usually don't operate on a fixed schedule, mostly due to large Moscow jams, but there are always plenty of them around. Timetable can be observed better in out-of-jam hours, but beware, that in Russia even without any reason, being 5-10 ahead or behind schedule, or completely cancelling some trips at certain times, is common, especially late in the evening. In some directions, the amount of public transport may considerably reduce after 9pm though. Timetable for almost all routes of buses, trolleybuses and trams can be found here: [117] (in Russian), unfortunately this site is rarely updated and often contains out-of-date information (it is largely out-of-date as of September 2011). However it can give a feeling of frequency of various routes at different times of the day.

One trip costs 25 rubles, if you buy yellow "TAT" ticket at the booth at the bus stop. You can buy "TAT" tickets for 5, 11, 20, 40 or 60 rides for reduced price (valid for 90 days since purchase). At the booth you can also buy and use "90 minutes" ticket (see "Metro" section for details). You can use "Ediny" and "Troika" e-wallet to pay for on-ground ride. Tickets for bus, trolleybus and tram are unified. The information about the ticket costs is available here: [118]. Note that driver sells only 4-ride "TAT" tickets for 100 RUB (valid 90 days) and green "90 minutes" tickets for 50 RUB. To validate magnet strip ticket (yellow TAT) insert it into validator as shown, to validate smart-card just put it on the validator's mark.

By tram

In early 1900s Moscow had an extensive electric tram system, which had firstly been opened in 1899. However as Metro was opened (May 1935) and the trolleybus appeared (November 1934), the tram network was radically reduced and the most of the tram routes became to be served by the trolleybuses. In particular, the B tram route to run around the Garden Ring, was changed by the B-trolleybus-route.

Now tram daily usage by the Muscovites is low (about 5%), although it still remains vital in some districts for those who need to get to the nearby Metro station. Tram fares are same as bus and trolleybus fares. The tram routes and their time-table: [119].

By Marshrutka

Marshrutka is a jitney-like mode of transport that falls between private transport and conventional buses. You will often find Marshrutka's following the same routes as conventional buses, and will follow the same numbering pattern. The role of the modern Russian marshrutka is basically similar to the minibus in other countries. It is similar to German Sammeltaxis, Mexican Peseros and American dollar vans. Trip costs can be different, depending on marshrutka line. Usually one trip costs 30 rubles. You give money to the driver after entering the minibus. If you need to get off, you have to shout: "Остановите здесь!" (Astanaviti zdes, meaning "Stop here!")[120]. You should shout it as loudly as possible, because the motor roar and the music sounding from the driver’s audio system muffle the passengers' voices. Sometimes the marsrutkers hang out an inscription: "Тише скажешь – дальше выйдешь", meaning "If you speak quietly, you'll travel far".

You should shout it in Russian, because generally the Marshrutka drivers speak only Russian, and often they even speak Russian poorly.

Generally marshrutkas go a little faster than buses: however they may be operated by reckless drivers and thus become dangerous. Unless you're in a hurry, more convenient buses/trolleys/trams are a safer option.

By taxi

Travel Warning

NOTE: Beware of unofficial taxis that like to hang around tourist areas. They use a taxi meter, however their meter goes by some made-up, unofficial rate. A 10 minute ride can easily cost between RUB2500-3000(close to $100), instead of RUB400.

Make sure to negotiate on a fixed price beforehand. Or have your hotel order taxis for you. There are now also a few apps for smartphones that allow you to order official taxis by your GPS location. Yandex Taxi and GetTaxi are popular ones.

In Russia and Moscow, the difference between hailing a cab and simply hitch-hiking is blurry. It is an old Russian tradition for drivers to offer rides to strangers, for a fee. For many Russians, it is like a second job {such drivers are usually called "бомбилы" (bombers)}. Generally, wherever you are, at any time of day or night, you can get a 'cab' in a matter of minutes or seconds by holding out your hand. Hold your hand out low by your hip, not up high as they hail cabs in American films.

Normally, you tell the driver where you're going and negotiate an amount with you naming the first price. For many locations, giving the closest Metro stop is the best plan of attack. If you don't like the amount one guy is charging, you'll doubtlessly find another driver in a minute or two. Sometimes when you tell the driver where you're going, he'll decide he's not going in that direction and drive off. Keep in mind, though, that very few drivers will speak English. It is not recommended to get in the car if the driver asks you "Dorogu pokazhesh?", meaning that he doesn't know the way himself (nevertheless it won't stop him from charging you a greater price).

The "bombers" staying near bus stops and subway stations usually charge higher prices than an accidental driver (as it's their job), however they seem to be a bit safer. Picking up and transporting passengers for a fee by non-taxi cabs is illegal in Moscow since April 2012 (however, it's the driver that gets nicked).

You should be able to get between most destinations within the Garden Ring for 200 rubles or less, unless it is a national holiday or when the metro is not working. For example, a typical charge for a New Year's Eve is not less than 500 rubles.

There are several taxi services operating in Moscow, the most noticeable on the streets being The New Yellow Taxi (Novoye Zholtoye Taxi). The cars are yellow Fords or Volgas (Russian car brand). They will charge the minimum rate of around 250 rubles no matter the distance. It is, however, possible to negotiate the price with the driver as well as he will basically switch off the meter and pocket the fare.

You can call a cab over the phone, too, but most Muscovites will do it only at night or to get to an airport. On some rare occasions phone taxi may be as bad as illegal as a street ride, but if you take your time researching in internet, you will find many registered taxi companies that offer completely safe and sound western-like services, some will even refuse to drive you if you don't wear seatbelt. Most western embassies will provide you with a list of tried and tested legit taxi companies that will send a cab to pick you up 24/7 anywhere in Moscow in a safe way at a decent price.

If you're not good in Russian, there are several English-speaking taxi services operating in Moscow.

By car

If you do use a car to arrive in Moscow, it can be very time consuming and stressful to get around. The street system was never designed to accommodate even a fraction of the exploding population of vehicles; the traffic jams on the Sadovoye Ring often do not clear between the morning and the evening rush hours. Most roadways are in a constant state of disastrous disrepair. You will have to compete for every inch of space on the road (quite literally; the proper distance between the vehicles for a Muscovite is close to zero) with seasoned drivers in dented "Ladas" who know the tangle of the streets inside out and will not think twice before cutting you off at the first opportunity.

The drivers of the ubiquitous yellow "marshrutka" route taxis can seem to be nearly suicidal, and account for a significant percentage of all accidents, while buses stop, go and barge in and out of traffic at will, blissfully unaware of the surroundings. One bright spot is the relative dearth of the large 18-wheeler trucks on Moscow roads; they do ply the Ring Road, however. From time to time all traffic on major thoroughfares may be blocked by police to allow government officials to blow through unimpeded, sirens blaring. Another problem is parking. There is very little of it. Even if there are cars parked, it doesn't mean its always legal; this would mean finding upon return a hefty fine (3000 rubles) or your car being towed ("evacuated"). Park as soon as you can at a safe place (your hotel, for example) and use public transit.

But if you managed to have driven in Rome or Athens before, then it's not that hard to get accustomed to Moscow traffic. Just don't try to cross the city during rush hours or you can be stuck for as long as 8 h in traffic jams. In the middle of the day it may take as long as 2-3 h to cross the city (and only 1 h by metro).

The safest and easiest time to drive, when the roads are relatively empty and you can reach your destination quite easily, are the following:

  • on weekends;
  • in July and August;
  • during first ten days of January (i.e. from January 1 to January 10, which is holiday time almost every year).

Traffic jam information Anyway, before planning the car trip in Moscow, it's always recommended to check one of the many traffic jam information websites. This way you can immediately see if it worth going by car or if it's better to use a metro. The most popular ones are Yandex Probki [121] and Rambler Probki [122].

Gas stations: BP, Lukoil, Gazpromneft, Rosneft gas stations all have good quality gasoline.

By ship

The famous "Raketa" speed ferries, departing to destinations at the suburban beaches, were unfortunately decommissioned following the 2007 season.

There still exists the "river bus" system, in the fashion of the Venetian vaporetti - in the warmer months, of course, since the river is ice-bound most winters. The only regular route has 7 stops [123], from the quay near the Kievsky rail station, downstream through the centre, terminating at Novospassky bridge (about half a mile from Proletarskaya Metro), and back. Ferries (passengers only) depart about once hourly, every day; the fare is RUB400 [124]. The ride is a pleasant diversion on a hot summer day, as you float past the Kremlin walls and under the bridges, but don't rely on it for transportation.

Since 2009 you can make a trip across the Moskva River on the snow-white yachts of the fleet "Radisson Royal Hotel, Moscow"[125]. New yachts-restaurants ("Ferdinand", "Bon Voyage", "Selebrity", "Capella" and "Skarlet") unlike other tourist yachts on the Moskva River do not stop navigation in winter: they can move on ice very smoothly so that the waiter can easily pour champagne in crystal glasses on a table. The huge panoramic windows protect passengers from bad weather and city noise. Typical river trip starts from Ukraina Hotel embankment and takes a cruise with duration of 2.5-3 hours with english/russian audio guide onboard.

Other means of public transportation

There is also a short monorail line, running from VDNKh to Timiryazevskaya metro stations. The system is unified with metro since April 2013. The Moscow monorail is slower and does not run as frequently as the Metro (every 6 min at peak hours, 16 min rest of the time), opens later, and closes earlier. It is useful to get to the Ostankino Tower, or to get to the VDNKh exhibition centre from the Metro Silver (9) line.

A convenient way to get around the center is the newly opened (2008) Hop On Hop Off tour bus service operating in the historic city center of Moscow. Buses go every 30 min in a loop around Moscow and stop in front of most of the major hotels. Live English speaking guides on board will answer all your questions. The price is 750 rubles for a ticket valid for 24 h, and you may board and disembark at any stop along the route as many times as you like.[126]


Main sites

Red Square
  • Red Square - The heart of Moscow and the first destination for most visitors to the city. Surrounded by St. Basil's Cathedral, the State History Museum, Lenin's Mausoleum and one of the Kremlin's long brick walls. The cobbles that make up the square are black and not red; the name comes from another gloss of the Russian word "krasniy", meaning "beautiful". Metro: Ohotnii Ryad, Teatralnaya or Ploshad Revolutsii.
    • Lenin Mausoleum (Reopened in May 2013) - in the centre of the Red Square. Walk past the embalmed body of Vladimir Lenin (who actually did not want any monuments to be built for him) and join the debate: is it really him? You must leave all cameras, phones and bags in the luggage office. Free admission. Open 10AM-1PM closed Mondays and Fridays.
    • St Basil Cathedral - in the south part of Red Square. Built in 1555-61. Inside is a museum, although it looks best from the outside, but if you have the time, take a peek inside.
Inside the Kremlin
  • The Kremlin[127] This gigantic site can not be missed. The Diamond collection in the Armoury is worth a visit on its own. There are several stunning churches that warrant a visit. Choose one or two to go inside, then enjoy the rest from the gardens. If you get a chance, the ballet in the Conference Centre has some very cheap matinee performances (and you can change seats in the interval). Tickets are 700 rubles to visit the armory and 350 rubles to visit everything else. For the guided tours arrive early as tickets go on sale 30 minutes (10AM tour) or 1 hour (12, 14:30, and 16:30 tours) before. You may also enter anytime during opening hours without a tour and there are detailed free of charge English language leaflets in each of the churches. There are also rotating exhibitions which cost 200 rubles entry. The ticket office is closed Thursdays. Large bags must be left at a luggage office (60 rubles). Amateur photography and videotaping inside the churches is prohibited. Metro: for tourist entrances - Biblioteka im. V.I.Lenina, Alexandrovskii Sad, Arbatskaya (Dark Blue line, east exit) or a short walk from Borovitskaya. For rest of the walls additional stations: Ohotnii Ryad, Teatralnaya and Ploschad Revolutsii near norther tip of the Kremlin, following walk through Alexandrovskii Garden or through Red Square.
  • Old Arbat Street – Walk down this kitschy street and don't forget to look at the small by-streets around the Arbat. They allow you to feel the "old Moscow spirit". Arbat is full of souvenir vendors, tourist cafes, lousy restaurants, artists, etc. The prices of the souvenirs vary from reasonable to ripoff. Many of the vendors offer a very high higher price, but can be talked down if you speak Russian. The stores tend to offer the same merchandise but with fixed high prices. Metro: Smolenskaya (both blue lines), Arbatskaya (both blue lines, from Dark Blue line take west exit).
  • Bolshoi Theatre – Sit in front of the famed theater near the fountain, or catch a show inside if you can. Tickets start at around 1000 rubles. Metro: Ohotnii Ryad, Teatralnaya or Ploshad Revolutsii.
  • Tretyakov Gallery – One of the world's greatest museums, this is probably the one to choose if you only want to visit one museum in Moscow. In contrast to the worldwide collection of the Pushkin Museum, the Tretyakov is mostly a collection of Russian art. It has the best collection of Russian icons and many of the most famous pieces of modern Russian artists like Ilya Repin. Metro: Tretyakovskaya or Novokuznetskaya.
(NB: There are actually two Tretyakov museums now, the classic one and the 20th Century one. The classic one is where it has always been, the 20th Century one is in the Artist's House Cultural Center across from Gorky Park. They charge separate entry fees.)
  • Pushkin Museum is dedicated to Western art and has one of the world's most significant Impressionist and Post-Impressionist collections, along with some Old Masters. The Impressionists and Post-Impressionists were rather unfortunately relocated to an annex in 2007 across the street from the main building. Metro: Kropotkinskaya.
  • Novodevichy Convent – Both a convent and a fortress, Novodevichy was built in the early 1500s and has remained nearly intact since the 17th century, making it one of the best preserved historical complexes in Moscow. The adjacent Novodevichy Cemetery is one of Russia's most famous cemeteries. Famous people buried there include Anton Chekhov, Nickolai Gogol, Konstantine Stanislavski, Nikita Khrushchev, Raisa Gorbachev (the former President's wife), and Boris Yeltsin. Metro: Sportivnaya. Open from 9am until 5pm. If you want to locate the graves of famous people, you can try and buy a map (only in Russian) from the booth close to the entrance of the cemetery. However, the lady at the booth is rude to the tourists who don't speak Russian.
Church of the Ascension
  • Church of the Ascension (Церковь Вознесения Господня). Built to commemorate the birth of Ivan the Terrible, Kolomenskoye's Church of the Ascension upended the Byzantine style with its wooden conical tower, and proved to be a milestone in the history of Russian ecclesiastical architecture. Since 1994, it has enjoyed a spot on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Metro: Kolomenskaya or Kashirskaya, then walk through Kolomenskoye park.
  • The Institute of Russian Realist Art (IRRA) – The heart of the collection is presented by paintings of Soviet and Russian masters of ХХ-XXI centuries Sergey Gerasimov, Arkady Plastov, Alexander Deineka, Yuri Pimenov, Gely Korzhev, Victor Popkov, Nikolay Andronov, brothers Alexey and Sergey Tkachev, Victor Ivanov. The paintings exposed at IRRA offer a unique opportunity to get acquainted with important stages of the history of Soviet society. Now IRRA’s collection is considered to be one of the best in the world.
IRRA is located in one of ancient buildings of Moscow cotton print factory in Zamoskvorechye opposite to the Moscow New-Spassky monastery. After re-planning and restoration of outer walls of the factory building constructed at the end of the XIX century, museum premises have been equipped with the most up-to-date engineering and professional museum storage equipment. Now the equipment of the building meets the advanced standards specified for the largest museums of the world. Since December, 2011 the exposition of IRRA is available for the visitors from Russia and abroad, who are interested in cultural tradition of national Realist school. Address: Derbenevskaya street 7, building. 31 (metro stations Paveletskaya, Proletarskaya). Open from 11.00 till 20.00 (–except Monday). Phone: +7(495) 640-14-76. [email protected],
  • Ostankino Tower, [128] – 540 meters tall, with an observation deck 340 meters above ground.

Other Sites

Soviet Union Statue in Gorkey Park

Less essential sites, but very worthwhile if you have the time, include:

  • Museum of soviet arcade machines, Baumanskaya ulitsa 11 (Metro station Baumanskaya), +79161671925, [1]. 13:00-20:00. Great new space full of old soviet fun! Go hunting, shoot torpedoes, drive cars, check your strength and much more... Price includes 15 15 kopek coins to enjoy the games. It also features a cozy cafe. they also have a private room 350 rub.
  • New Arbat Street – Located near Old Arbat Street, this street offers a contrast from the touristy pedestrian-only thoroughfare. New Arbat is perhaps where Moscow's rich are the most visible, as some of Moscow's most expensive restaurants and nightclubs are located here. There are some reasonably priced cafes, however. The street is lavishly lit up at night and is always very lively. Also, check out Dom Knigi (House of Books) on New Arbat. It's not as impressive as the St. Petersburg store, but probably the best bet for books in Moscow. Metro: Arbatskaya (both blue lines, take west exit for Dark Blue line).
  • Tverskaya Street – This street starts from the Kremlin itself and runs northwest in the direction of Tver (hence the name) and Saint Petersburg. For that reason the road was a very important thoroughfare in Tsarist Russia. It is now Moscow's most fashionable street, with several prestigious boutiques. It is also lined with cafes, restaurants, coffeehouses, a couple of theaters, and several hotels, including two locations of the Marriott. Most of the street's architecture doesn't actually have much history to it, though along the way you will find Russia's first, and the world's busiest, McDonalds. The statue of Pushkin at Pushkinskaya Square is a very popular meeting point. Walk its length. From Red Square to Belorusski Train Station is about one hour and is a great way to see the most famous street in Moscow. Take a peek inside the Yeliseev Grocery Store, Moscow's answer to Harrod's food halls, to see the restored ornate interior. Metro south to north: Ohotnii Ryad/Teatralnaya, Tverskaya/Pushkinskaya/Chehovskaya (Puskinskaya Square), Mayakovskaya (Triumfalnaya Square, sometimes called second Theatre square, containing Chaikovskii Concert Hall, Satire Theatre and nearby Mossovet Theatre), Belorusskaya.
  • Gorky Park – Easily the most well known of Moscow's many parks, Gorky Park used to be packed with theme park rides, but after undergoing major changes in 2011, it became one of the trendiest places in the city. New cafes, places to stroll, a pétanque cafe, an open-air cinema theatre, free Wi-fi, contemporary public art projects, design fairs and a new cafe policy make Gorky Park one of the most popular places in Moscow. In winter it's a popular place to ice skate and it hosts an ice sculpture competition. Metro: Oktyabrskaya, Park Kultury (it's a walk along the Sadovoye Ring Road from either of them - an easier, downhill stroll from the former, or a more scenic route, over the Krymsky Bridge, from the latter). Please consider that it's almost impossible to find a parking lot nearby on weekend without breaking the parking rules, so it's better to get there by bus of by walk.
  • Garage Center for Contemporary Culture – is an independent platform for new thinking locating in Gorky Park. Through an extensive program of exhibitions, research, education, and publishing, Garage reflects on current developments in Russian and international culture, creating opportunities for public dialogue and the production of new work and ideas. Founded in 2008 by Dasha Zhukova in Moscow, the institution is building a unique research archive focusing on the development of contemporary art in Russia while pioneering diverse educational projects for families and professionals that are the first of their kind in the country. These provide the foundation from which experimental exhibitions, events, and screenings are initiated.
  • Victory Park – This massive memorial to WWII was built for the 50-year anniversary of V-E day in 1995. On weekends, it is very popular with newlyweds. The park now has its own metro station of the same name (Park Pobedy, on the Dark Blue line). There is also a museum to WWII worth visiting if you like military history.
  • Vorobyovy Gory – The best place for a view of Moscow from the ground. Near the main Moscow State University building, there is a popular lookout point where one can see much of the city on clear days. Metro: A walk from either metro Universitet or Vorobyovy Gory. As alternative, trolleybus #7 (only before about 21:30) can also take you from/to Kievskaya, Leninskii prospect or Oktyabrskaya metro
  • VDNKh, aka VVTs. The Russian acronym "VDNKh" stood for "Exhibit of the People's Economic Achievements". It has been since renamed "All-Russian Exhibition Centre" ("Vserossiyskiy Vystavochniy Tsentr"). However, it is popularly known by the Soviet abbreviations. Previously this was a massive exhibit of the advances and progress of the USSR. Now it is largely a marketplace for everything from computers to bicycles. However, many of the monuments and fountains here make the area a nice place to stroll. Bicycles and roller skates rent is available. The main gates are a short walk down the alley from VDNKh Metro station or even close from Vystavochnii Centr monorail station. Various other gates are accessible from Ulitsa Eizenshteina or Ulitsa Akademika Koroleva monorail stations. VVTs is part of large green recreational zone in the Moscow's North-East, including also Ostankino park with historical Ostankino Palace and Botanical Gardens. Access to Ostankino Palace and Park: Ostankino monorail station, trolleybuses and trams from VDNKh metro station (most convinient) or buses and minibuses from Alexeevskaya or Mar'ina Roscha metro stations. Access to Bothanical Gardens: metro Vladykino - central gate, a walk through newly forming park on Yauza river from metro Bothanicheskii Sad (south exit) - to a back gate, ask for directions, a walk from Ostankino monorail station or trolleybuses from VDNKh and 24 bus from Mar'ina Roscha metro to a gate on Botanicheskaya street. The borders of three areas in between have official VVTs to Gardens gate and a couple of semiofficial paths which are periodically closed - follow people trails to find them. Only official gates to Bothanical Gardens in summer half-year take some admission fee (not high).
File:Christ the Saviour Cathedral.jpeg
Christ the Savior Cathedral
  • Christ the Saviour Cathedral – This cathedral, the tallest Orthodox church in the world (the largest being the Temple of St. Sava in Belgrade), was blown up on orders from Stalin in 1931, with the view of building the gargantuan Palace of the Soviets, to be crowned by a 100 m high statue of Lenin. The project ran into engineering and geological difficulties (the area used to be a swamp), then the War intervened, and the place was ceded to a year-round open-air swimming pool. The pool was razed and the cathedral rebuilt only after the fall of the Soviet Union, in the mid-nineties. There is an extensive museum underneath the cathedral documenting its history (the original was started in 1839 and consecrated in 1883). Metro: Kropotkinskaya.
  • Garden of Fallen Monuments – Where many infamous statues in Moscow were placed after the Soviet collapse. See Dzherzinsky, Stalin, Brezhnev, and others. Adjacent to the New Tretyakov Museum, which houses 20th century art. After the Pushkin Museum and the Tretyakov Gallery, this is worth seeing. Metro: Oktyabrskaya.
  • Russian State Library [129] — One of the largest libraries in the world. Anyone (Russian or foreign) over 18 can view electronic media for free, other items may be viewed by purchasing a "Reader's Card" (a photo id to gain access to physical materials). Previously received a copy of every book, musical score, & map published in the USSR, it now only receives a copy of every Russian book. The military reading room receives over 15,000 readers a year. Metro: Biblioteka Im.V.I.Lenina/Alexandrovskii Sad/Borovitskaya/Arbatskaya (Dark Blue line, east exit)
  • Bunker-42 [130] — Decomissioned cold war era soviet underground military nuclear bunker. Metro: Taganskaya (the bunker has an actual underground connection to this station, though it is unusable as a means to get into it)/Marxistkaya.
  • Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center [131] - Newly opened in Nov. 2012 and one of the most technologically advanced museums in Russia, this institution tells the history of Russian Jews primarily through interactive media. Metro: Maryina Roshcha.

Parks and gardens

  • Gorkiy Park, (Metros: Oktyabrskaya, Park Kultury, Frunzenskaya), [2]. It's a main park (renovated in 2011) like a Central Park in NYC. There are a lot of nice cafes and restaurants there (like Hachapuri with cold tomato soup and traditional Georgian hachapuri with cheese, Dom ribaka, Lebedinoe ozero and etc.). There is a lot of place for relaxing and working and a free open WiFi working through the whole park. You can rent a boat or bicycle. There is an open cinema theater Pioner. You can see the map and event timetable on the official website (Russian).
  • Kolomenskoye (Kolomenskiy park), (Metro: Kolomenskaya/Kashirskaya. From Kolomenskaya take south exit, then after exit from metro station proper in the underground passage turn left, and then right. Upon leaving underground passage continue going straight for about 300 meters (along east side of Andropov prospekt) to the entrance. Lack of direction signs may be confusing, ask for directions when needed. From Kashirskaya metro walk along the path in general east-north-east direction to the underground passage under Andropov prospekt, the entrance to the park will be right after it. During the summer season special boats operate on Moscow river. There are several loading docks along river. If you are in the centre of Moscow, take boat to the south. There is a loading dock right in the park. Not all boats go there, so check it with the crew.), 8 (499) 612-52-17, [3]. This former imperial estate is now a very popular weekend destination for Muscovites. It is a vast collection of churches and other buildings from the 16 and 17th centuries, including some wooden architecture that was transported here by the Soviet government from Karelia. Free (the park and museum). There are individual fees for each exhibition ($2-$10 per exhibition).
  • State Museum-Reserve Tsaritsyno, [4]. A beautiful reserve in the southern part of Moscow, its nucleus being the largest palatial ensemble in Russia. Constructed between 1775 and 1796 to be the residence of Catherine the Great, the ensemble was abondoned after her death and turned into ruins during following centuries. A decision had been reached in 1984 to completely restore Tsaritsyno architectural and park ensemble. Majority of the architectural monuments have already undergone restoration, Grand Palace having completed by 2007. Exhibitions and expositions of the museum demonstrate various pages of Tsaritsyno history and rich collections of arts and crafts. Metro: Tsaritsyno, Orekhovo.
  • Park Sokolniki, Metro Sokolniki (It is a short walk from metro station to main gate along the alley. North of park is also accessible directly from Malenkovskaya train station or via a walk from Moskva-3 train station from Yaroslavl direction train line). A popular recreational park, which also hosts an exhibition centre. The place to go to experience the Russian nature without going far away from the centre. This is the place to experience Shashlik (Russian/Geogeian kebab) at a very low price (compared with other places) they can be found selling under huge tents all over the park. The park has an amusement park for the kids so they don't get bored. For the want to be hunter there are two Tirs bibi gun shooting ranges with only $1.40 per five shots. If you have a lot of time explore the forest deeper in the park you will find hard-to-find-in-America Birch trees and many people picking mushrooms (a national hobby) if you want to taste real russian spirt this is the best sample. The area is now infested with many high clas hotels , such as Holdiay Inn and others. One might like to try the goring church of the Jesus Christ, adjacent to park.

Off the beaten track parks

  • Patriarshi ponds area, Metro Mayakovskaya (From metro walk along Sadovoye Ring, passing Satire and Mossoveta Theatres to Bronnaya street, then turn left.). There is only one pond left, but it is squared with buildings so it is quite peaceful here despite hectic Sadovoye Ring nearby. Here you can take a nice walk and enjoy the mysterious atmosphere, for which the area is famous - due to the novel of Mikhail Bulgakov Master and Margaret (Master i Margarita), which is well-known for its combination of demonology, mysticism, humour, satire, art and love as well as wonderful depictions of Moscow of the thirties. Some moscovites are eager to take a seat on a bench with their back to Malaya Bronnaya street, as it is a reference to the novel.
  • Aptekarskiy ogorod, Metro Prospekt Mira (it even had former name Botanicheskii Sad)/Suharevskaya (From Ring Line exit from Prospekt Mira station, turn left and walk 200 metres. After you'll pass the fence of Bryusov house museum, you'll see contemporary glass building (look for Valiano restaurant and flower shop). Turn left to the rampant after birches. The ticket-offices will be beyond glass doors, the entrance to the garden will be even further. On days of sports or other events in Olimpiiskii Sportcomplex as well as on Muslim holidays, a walk from Suharevskaya metro station is less crowded and more recommended. A walk from Kalanchevskaya train station along Groholskii side street is also possible.), [5]. (approximately) May-Sept 10:00-22:00, Oct-Apr 10:00-17:00. Garden may be closed for 2-3 weeks in April or in other time due to bad weather; for 1-2 weeks in September for gardening works; for day or several hours in case of various events.. One of the few paid-entrance parks in Moscow. Small but very cozy; very carefully maintained; popular for photo sessions on weddings and babies. 100 rubles/150 rubles after 18:00.
  • Japanese garden in Botanichesky Sad, (Closest metro is Botanicheskii Sad and entrance to Gardens via a back gate. Routes from Vladykino metro or Botanicheskaya street gate only slightly longer). Small and well-maintained; excellent for making photos. 100/150 rubles for workdays/weekends and holidays. 50/80 rubles for students and pupils. 10/20 rubles for pensioners.


A great way to orient yourself when you arrive in Moscow is to take the newly launched Free Moscow Bus Tour ☎ +7 916 564 4274 email: [email protected] This is a free tour sponsored by local Moscow businesses, volunteers and supported by the city of Moscow. Reserve on-line well in advance as it can fill up fast.

Moscow has many attractions, but many of them are not friendly to a non-Russian-speaker. English-language newspapers like The Moscow Times, Element, Moscow News and others can help navigate towards English-language friendly attractions and services.

Moscow has two circuses, the Nikulin circus on Tsvetnoi Bulvar (metro Tsvetnoi Bulvar), and the new circus near the University. Tickets can be bought for as little as 200 rubles, and even these seats are good. Touts may be selling tickets outside and can save you a lot of queueing, and they'll speak more English than the ticket office. Sometimes they are selling tickets at the cover price, and sometime at twice the price. Ask and make sure before parting with your cash.

The Obraztsov Puppet Theatre at the very north part of the Garden Ring has performances during the winter in the evening. Everything is in Russian and meant for children, but the stories are simple and quite understandable even if you don't understand Russian. There is a small box in front of the building where a puppet appears every hour and does a performance. At 12 midday all of the puppets appear for a short but entertaining appearance.

The Novaya Opera (new opera) in the Hermitage gardens features operas mainly in Russian most evenings, starting at 19:00. Tickets are normally available from 200 rubles. Ticket office is open 12:00-15:00 and then again 16:00-19:00.

Make sure you visit a Russian bathhouse (banya) while in Moscow, as it's an important Russian tradition and Russians, especially 40+, go at least once a week. Have a hot steam, followed by a good whipping with birch branches. While its not the most pleasant experience, the benefits you'll receive afterward will enable you to understand why Russians are loyal to their banya. Most famous banya is the Sanduny (or Sandunovskaya banya).

Like any city with snowy winters, Moscow is a great place to go ice skating. Gorky Park is most famous but overcrowded and ice is not always in ideal condition; Bosco rink on a Red Square is glamorous and easy, although bit costly and not too favoured by advanced skaters. Luzhniki has arguably the best ice, although service can be tough and open hours are not always convenient. The winter rinks at Chistye Prudy or Izmaylovsky Park can be other alternatives.

  • Kva-Kva Water Park, Gostinichnaya str., 4/9, + 7 495 788 72 72, [6]. 10.00-22.00. Water Park affiliated with Maxima Hotels (discounts for guests). There are 7 high trills (90-120 meters length) and a pleasant surprise for extremers – Tsunami trill – unique in Russia. There are also 4-line trills – Multislide and a special area for kids – a small tropical town with shallow pool. Kva-Kva Lagoone offers hydromassage. There’s also pure Russian bath, Finnish sauna, Turkish bath (hamam) and Kva-Kva SPA-salon. Night discos take place every weekend, with free admission for Maxima Hotel guests. 225-745 RUB.
  • Hot air balloon ride (high), Suburban Moscow, [7]. 4400-5000 RUB.
  • Moscow Zoo, Bolshaya Gruzinskaya str., 1, [8]. The oldest and the biggest zoo in Russia, has over 1000 animal species.
  • Moscow Ballet (Bolshoi Ballet), Teatralnaya Metro. The theatre district in Moscow is very centrally located. Three of the best theatres, the Bolshoi Theatre, the Stanislavsky Theatre and the New Opera Theatre are near Pushkin Square and reasonably close to the Teatralnaya metro station. A “better” hotel (note I said “better” not expensive) will not be far from the Moscow theatre district. Even if you are, see below. If you are a little bit uneasy about navigating, even this area, do one of the following: You don’t have to dress up to attend a Moscow ballet. For my Moscow tours I wear a polo shirt, black jeans and Timberland comfortable shoes. I can go to any ballet performance in Moscow in those clothes. Now for the tickets. You can buy your tickets directly from the theatre website if you speak Russian. Some have English versions. Most Moscow theatres require that you register for their website. The easiest way to get good seats at a fair price is to include those in your private Moscow tour. We do it all the time for our clients. Please note do NOT buy from on-line third-party ticket vendors. They are 2 to 3 times face value in cost and sometimes they are fakes. Don’t try to negotiate with “scalpers”. Sometimes they are a good source of scarce tickets but let your Moscow tour guide do it for you. So what about the people who just don’t like the ballet? If you like symphony music and beautiful theatre interiors (especially the $1 billion renovated Bolshoi Ballet Theatre) it might be worth the visit. Great theatre in Moscow is less expensive than in New York City. The quality of the staging, dancing and music is so great that I never hesitate to see a performance repetitively especially in different Moscow theatre venues.

Walk around with Locals

An alternative way to explore Moscow is to get to know it from the inside, by walking and talking with locals and trying out local activities. Local residents can tell you a plenty of stories, show you some secret places (as roofs, courtyards, funcy eateries etc.) and will treat you as a friend.

  • Sputnik (Tours by Locals), (), [9]. All activities hosted by locals a traveler may need in new country, such as guided walking tours, trips to the best city places and countryside, helping with language etc. 10-30$USD per person and free tours. *
  • House cooking (Tours by Locals), (), [10]. The activity is hosted by locals and is held at home of Russian family, so one gets to know both Russian cuisine and Russian family traditions. *


Moscow State University

Moscow remains the educational center of Russia and the former USSR. There are 222 institutes of higher education, including 60 state universities & 90 colleges. Some of these offer a wide-spectrum of programs, but most are centered around a specific field. This is a hold-over from the days of the USSR, when Sovietwide there were only a handful of wide-spectrum "universities" and a large number of narrow-specialization "institutes" (mostly in Moscow & St.Petersburg). Moscow offers some of the best business/management, science, & arts schools in the world. Moscow is also a popular destination for foreign students to learn Russian.

Language Institutes

  • MGU Russian, [11]. Russian language courses for everyone from beginners to advanced students at MGU, Moscow

State Universities

  • Lomonosov Moscow State University, +7 (495) 939 10 00 (, fax: +7 (495) 939 01 26), [12]. The largest school in Moscow (nearly 50 000 students). Mostly liberal arts & the sciences. Courses only in Russian, except:
  • LMSU Center for International Education, [13]. Russian courses from 4 wks-3 semesters: Pre-university Russian (to prepare for a Russian-language university education, teaches jargon/vocabulary for 6 fields), preparation to be a teacher of Russian, & 6 levels of Russian for fun.
  • Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, [14]. One of the most prestigious science universities in Russia.
  • Moscow State Institute of International Relations(MGIMO), [15]. On of the most prestigious foreign relations universities in the world, this school of 5000 has trained over two thirds of Russian government officials and many others in the CIS. Courses only in Russian.
  • Moscow Aviation Institute (State University of Aerospace Technologies), [16]. Specializes in Aviation-related science & engineering. Courses in Russian, but the school has "Pre-school" Russian courses & a tolerance for some English.
  • Bauman Moscow State Technical University, [17]. Engineering/Technology. Offers courses only in Russian.
  • Russian State Medical University, Ul. Ostrovityanova, Dom 1 (M. Yugo-Zapadnaya or M. Kon'kovo), [18]. Otherwise referred to as Pirogov institute, it recently celebrated its 100 year anniversary. It has a huge campus for an exclusively Medical faculty. Presumably Russian-language only.
  • I.M Sechenov First State Moscow Medical University, [19]. As the name suggests, this school offers Medical & Pharmacological degrees exclusively. It claims to be the oldest medical school in Russia and once to be a medical department of Lomonosov Moscow State University. Courses in Russian, but Russian courses for English-speakers offered. First 2-3 years courses can be in English, afterwards in clinical years mainly in the Russian language.
  • People's Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), 117 198, Moscow, Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6 (M. Belyaevo, Yugo-Zapadnaya), +7 (495) 434-70-27 [email protected], [20]. Comparable to an American public university, this school offers everything from French to Engineering to Hotel Management. It has European accreditation & specializes in teaching foreign students. Courses in Russian, but offers many Russian-language courses.
  • Moscow Tchaikovsky Conservatory, [21]. World-renowned music conservatory open only to graduate study.
  • Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, 125993, Moscow, Leningradsky Prospect, 49 (M. Aeroport), (499) 943-98-55 (, fax: (499) 157-70-70), [22]. The first in the history of Russia specialized financial institute of higher education. Alma mater of many famous russian businessmen and government officials (one of the wealthiest person in Russia Mikhail Prokhorov, Governor of Krasnoyarsk Krai Lev Kuznetsov, Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Khloponin, CEO of Gazprombank Andrey Akimov and some others)


You will need a work visa which is not an easy process. The visa needs to be arranged well in advance of travelling. It is possible to work in Moscow, you just need to find a good company to support you.


Credit cards usage is becoming more and more widespread, but many cheaper stores and restaurants won't accept them, so cash is a necessity. Be sure to break your 5000 or 1000 RUB notes where you can, as the smaller merchants, street vendors and even many metro clerks will likely refuse them. While you are able to get some smaller vendors to accept U.S. dollars and Euros, it is always best to change currency, which is not a problem as currency exchange spots are everywhere, displaying the daily rates in large yellow letters. Read the terms carefully; even if the offer seems attractive, there may be a fixed-sum commission on top of it, or the advertised rate might apply only to large transactions (US$1,000 and up), while a less favourable one is in effect for smaller ones. Don't forget to check the change returned to you (the most common scam is to let a banknote "stick" inadvertently to the back of the little turnstile which the clerk is using to pass the money back and forth) and do not simply say yes to what you do not understand. A good approach to exchanging currency is to use bank ("Банк" in Russian) offices. There are lots of them in the centre of city (broadly defined as the inside of the Garden Ring). Better yet, use your own bank card from home at an ATM to draw money directly from your checking account, as the machines are almost all compatible with major Western money systems (Cirrus/MasterCard and PLUS/Visa) - not only you'll get a decent fixed bank rate, but also often a screen menu in friendly (albeit somewhat broken) English.

Buying souvenirs can be quite a chore if you do not stay in the centre of Moscow. You can get cheaper souvenirs from Izmaylovskiy Market in Izmalylovo Park. Walking out in the middle of a bargaining session will most likely NOT get you the price you want.

  • Evropeiskiy – A new shopping mall opened in 2006 next to Kievsky station, right next to the metro. Many international brand-name shops e.g. Marks and Spencer, Next, Levi's, Calvin Klein, and Swatch can be found here. There is also a multi screen cinema, food gallery, supermarket, opticians, and probably everything else if you care to look for it.
  • Okhotny Ryad – undeground shopping mall, located next to metro station of the same name. Also, there are shops with lots of internationally known brands.
  • Atrium – another shopping mall, located next to Kurskaya metro station. Same kind, as Evropeiskiy.
  • IKEA – There are three large Ikea stores in Moscow, all just outside the ring road, and located in large shopping malls (MEGA, also operated by IKEA). They all offer free bright yellow buses from the nearest metro stations. Metro: Rechnoi Vokzal (North), Lyublino or Kuzminki (South-East), Tyopliy Stan (South)
  • GUM – Adjacent to Red Square. Once filled with Soviet-era goods of mediocre quality, it is now a mall with international labels and hyper-expensive boutiques. Even if you don't buy anything, it's highly recommended you go inside and look at the architecture. Metro: Ploschad Revolutsii
  • Detskiy Mir – "Children's World." Has lots of toys but other stores selling books, DVDs, and Peruvian souvenirs. Again, even if you do not buy anything, its worth going to explore this building. Metro: Lubyanka. Now this building is under renovation and will open at the end of 2013. Nevertheless, "Detskiy Mir" extended its network to almost Soviet-era scales, having outlets of different size (but vast choice of childrens' goods anyway) in many malls in Moscow and other major cities of Russia.
  • GOROD - "The City". Huge mall in the beginning of Ryazansky Prospekt (Ryazan avenue) opened in late 2006. Situated in the former territories of Karacharovsky Mechanical Plant, offers standard range of "everything-consumer-needs", including Auchan hypermarket, fastfoods, boutiques, outlets, cinemas, ice-skating etc. Operated by Auchan group. Metro: Ryazansky Prospekt or Marksistskaya, then trolleybus №63 (add №16 from Marksistskaya) and marshutkas. Consider significant traffic jams caused by the mall itself and intersection with the Third Ring.
  • Izmaylovo Market - A one-stop souvenir venue with hundreds of vendors selling everything from matryoshka dolls to fur hats to lacquer boxes to expensive jewelry. The ground level is where souvenirs are sold. Because some vendors only show up on weekends, the best selections are on Saturday, from 10am to 6pm or Sunday from 10am to around 3, but it's open every day of the week. Take the metro to Partizanskaya station, turn left out of the station, cross the street, and walk down the path with the hotels on your left towards the wooden fortress and find the market. There is a charge of 10 rubles to enter the marketplace.

Generally, you can find different sized fully featured malls near almost every metro station, especially in residential areas.

There is a online shopping aggregator, Yandex Market, where it is possible to find lots of other goods.


Russian borsch

Most tourists will find that going out to eat in Moscow is quite expensive. It does not have to be that way, it's just that the options most visible for the foreigner generally are.

There are a number of American franchise restaurants, such as McDonald's and TGI Friday's; it's a familiar, if boring eat at a reasonable price.

A huge and quickly growing range of restaurants, with a matching range of prices, has developed in Moscow. The average cost per person for a middle to top class restaurant will be $30 to $200 (more if one goes for vintage wines). A quick 'canteen' style meal in a 'Stolovaya' can cost about $3 and is generally underground, near famous monuments and subway stations. These large food courts sometimes also contain a small mall. They will usually include toilets but be prepared to pay around $1 to use them. Lately a lot of new "middle-class" restaurants have opened, filled with families on weekends. The omnipresent McDonald's have outlets near many metro stations.

Non-chain restaurants and cafes promising "European and Caucasus cuisine" are equally bad in either one most of the time; seek a specialist single-region venue instead (Georgian, Russian, Italian, French etc).

Many small restaurants within the Sadovoye ring are now offering prix-fixe "business lunches" at around RUB200-250, for the teeming hordes of white-collars populating the neighbourhood during the day. These deals are valid in the middle of the day (12:00-15:00) and include a cup of soup or an appetizer, the main dish of the day (a smaller portion than if you order a la carte; sometimes there's even a limited choice), bread (no Russian eats anything without a slice) and a beverage (soda or coffee/tea; beer costs extra); it is a reasonably priced, freshly cooked quick meal in the middle of your wanderings which will tide you through to the evening.


Wait staff in Russia are not as dependent on tips for a big chunk of their pay as, say, in the US, so the expected amount is correspondingly less, and you generally will not be looked at with hidden malice even if you take all of the change brought back to you, but tipping is still encouraged. If your total is under 500 rubles, round it up to the nearest fifty; under 1000 - to the nearest hundred; from 1,000 to 1,500 a hundred-bill is appropriate. If you are going above that, 10% would be reasonably generous; in really swanky places, though, all bets are off. Don't tip in cafeteria-like settings, where you travel along the counter with a tray and pay at the cash register. Throw a couple of tens into the tip jar for baristas. Note: there is no way to leave a tip on the credit card - when you receive the slip for signature, there isn't a place to write the extra amount in, so keep enough small bills in your wallet.

Ethnic food

Azerbaijani – Azerbaijani cuisine is probably the most popular in Moscow.You can find Azerbaijani restaurants everywhere in Moscow.It is strongly recommended if you want to try delicious food in Moscow.

Armenian - Similar to Turkish and Azerbaijani cuisine but with an exciting twist to it. Try out their mouth watering charcoal grilled kebabs and fish dishes. Many good restaurants available around Moscow and many of the chefs are actually natives from Armenia, which adds to the authenticity of the food. Try out Restaurant Gavan at the address: “ulitsa Rossolimo 7, gorod Moskva”. Take metro to Park Kul’tury station, also not far away from the famous Gorky Park.

Georgian – Besides Russian cuisine, one variety of ethnic food that is strongly recommended while in Moscow is Georgian. This cuisine is generally spicier than Russian food, and there are a number of reasonably priced Georgian restaurants in Moscow.

Japanese – Muscovites have been obsessed with sushi since late 1990s, and the boom is not over yet. Japanese restaurants are probably most popular among young Russian women, easily competing with Italian and French restaurants. The picture menus are a great help when ordering, and the names of items are basically just Japanese transliterated to Cyrillic. Don't expect a proliferation of raw fish, though; the most popular rolls contain cooked items.

Thai cuisine can be found only in few restaurants, and its authenticity is debatable.

Vietnamese and Chinese cuisines are not popular with Russians, but can be found if you search for it.

  • You can find "authentic" Chinese and Vietnamese food in Vietnamese/Chinese Markets, such as Izmalovo Market. You will need to do some exploring deep into the markets or maybe ask a few vendors to locate the restaurants. The vendors themselves eat at those places.
  • Viet Cafe - A modern fusion-like chain of cafes serves Vietnamese cuisine but for a slightly higher price. Normal meal will cost around 500 rubles per person.
  • Izumrudnaya Reka ("Emerald River") A nice place for Vietnamese food in the Savyolovskiy market, close to Savyolovskaya metro station.
  • Kharbin (Харбин), Nizhnyaya Pervomayskaya ul. 66 (m. Pervomayskaya). Mon-Sun 11am-11pm. Well outskirts—but worth a dedicated trip. Non-Europeanized authentic Chinese restaurant. with therefore generous portions, each main can typically fill a couple. Both run entirely by and where 80% of clients are Chinese. Try turtle soup; eggplants in caramel sauce. Loud karaoke weekend evenings. No credit cards. 1000 rubles per person for a filling dinner w/o alcohol.


Outdoor Stand Up

Free-standing street food is well represented with hot dogs/sausages, meat pastries and doner kebab (shawarma) kiosks (dwindling in numbers, though, as part of the mayor's quest for limiting immigrant businesses under the guise of sanitary enforcement). The latter are tasty, if not entirely authentic, but can be risky; pack Pepto-Bismol.

There are also several chains of outdoor stand-up food vendors, usually located in clusters around Metro stations. A few to look for are:

  • Kroshka-Kartoshka – These green kiosks sell stuffed (butter, sour cream or bacon) microwave-baked potatoes, as well as toasted sandwiches and a few drinks. Hot and filling, but rather expensive for what is basically just a hunk of root vegetable.
  • Riksha Ivan ("Ivan the Rickshaw") – Quick Chinese-like cuisine; fried rice with meat to go.
  • Teremok – These brown-colored kiosks sell large blinchiki, or Russian crepes that come with a variety of fillings. Very tasty and authentic. Make sure to try the Kvass - a traditional Russian drink made from rye bread.

Muscovites are also fond of their ice cream, consumed in any weather, even (proudly) in the dead of winter, cheap and usually of superior quality; kiosks can be found all over the center and near all Metro stations.


In these you take a tray, move along a counter with food (either taking the dishes yourself or asking the staff to give you a bowl of soup, a plate of vegetables etc.) and pay at the cash register at the end of the counter. By far, this is the best choice of eating out on a budget in Moscow. You eat fresh healthy food (and not hamburgers or any other fast food), you don't have to ponder how much tips is enough (because there's no one to tip, you just pay a fixed price at the cash register) and you don't need to be starving for 40 minutes while the chef is cooking your food (everything is cooked already).

Moo-Moo (Му-Му), [23]. 30+ restaurants of this chain offer decent canteen food, with English menus. Typical open hours are 10:00-22:00, but they differ in different restaurants of the chain, and a couple of them work virtually round clock (with only a break from 3:00 am to 5:00 am). A soup is 75-85 rubles ($2.5-3), many mains are less than 100 rubles ($3.5, but do look at the price tags -- there are much more expensive dishes as well). If your are wise enough not to drink (drinks are relatively more expensive here) and to look at the price tags, you will be full for 200-250 rubles ($7-9). The author of these lines has lived in Moscow for 15 years, and eats in Moo-Moo himself when too lazy to cook at home (which is often), usually leaving around 200 rubles for a dinner without a drink.

Grabli (Грабли), [24]. A chain opened in July 2006 aims to compete with Moo-Moo.

Fast Food

Another cheap option is fast food, a growing trend in Moscow. The likes of McDonald's and KFC are seen near almost every shopping mall.

There are several chains of restaurants that are now very widespread, and again are usually located near metro stations. The 1990 opening of McDonalds was an international event, and now it has over 70 outlets in Moscow.

  • Yolky Palky – This chain restaurant offers Russian style food. You can take all-you-can-eat plate for 300 rubles.
  • Kruzhka [132] – This is a chain of "beer restaurants" which serves cheap food and, as its name suggests, mugs of beer. It can be found in 20 locations around Moscow. The menu is relatively simple, consisting mainly of types of kebab and shawarma, with fries. Sport events are on often shown on televisions or big screen.
  • Prime Star – A chain of fast-food restaurants specialized in hand-made, natural food. Most is cold (sandwiches, salads etc.) but some hot dishes are available. Around 400 rubles for a cold soup, salad and beverage.


  • Dyadya Vanya – Pushkinskaya/Chekhovskaya. Literally 'Uncle Ivan's', this place also showcases a nostalgic interior of the inter-war period.
  • Darbar [133] - Leninsky Prospect, 38 (Hotel "Sputnik"), metro station "Leninsky Prospect", tel. +7 (495) 930-2925; +7 (495) 930-2365, email: [email protected] It is situated a bit aside from the city centre, but has a very good location with a panoramic view over the city. The cuisine is authentic; arguably it's the best Indian restaurant in Moscow. Average bill for two people is RUB 2 500. Staff speak English. Also a great place to watch the salute away from the crowds.
  • Hard Rock Cafe – On Old Arbat Street. Serves the same menu it does worldwide for reasonable prices. They are open for breakfast at 6AM and serve traditional Western breakfasts for what works out to be about $8 USD per person. Fresh squeezed orange juice and hash browns are a highlight here. You can eat outdoors and watch the endlessly fascinating parade of characters that walk the street all day and all night.
  • Korchma Taras Bulba – Petrovka 30/7 near metro Pushkinskaya/Chekhovskaya. Pyatnickaya St. 14 near metro Novokuznetsckaya. Ukrainian chain restaurant with a interior decorated like a Ukrainian house. Dinner costs $25 for two people.
  • Lavash – Cuisine from the Caucus region. Large menu with pictures, good choice of Russian beer and vodka at reasonable prices. Looks more expensive than it is. Conveniently located 100 metres south of the Nikulin circus on Tsvetnoi Bulvar. Come out of Tsvetnoi Bulvar, turn right, walk 2 minutes.
  • Mi Piace [134] – A chain of Italian restaurants. Relatively inexpensive but quite popular among locals and expatriates working in Moscow. Addresses are: 22 Chayanova (250-0893); 13/9 B. Ordynka (951-52-50, 953-96-65); 20 Tverskaya (650-7575); 20 Sadovaya-Samotechnaya (694-0001); 16/16 Pokrovka (623-4411); 7, 1st Tverskaya Yamskaya (970-1129)
  • The Old Tower (Старая Башня), Teatralnaja ploščad 5/1 (Театральная площадь, д. 5, стр. 1), +7 (495) 698-4008, [25]. Russian cuisine with some unusual dishes such as bear and elk, in a medieval setting. Has a huge beer menu which, however, seems not to be always available.
  • Oprichnik [135] (Опричник). 2, Pyatnitsky pereulok (987-10-05). Ancient dishes of Russian cuisine including game.
  • Ragout (Рагу). Trendy place for 30-year-olds and up; one of the most moderate-priced French cuisine places. Very friendly to children: weekend drawing classes etc with proficient mentors.
  • Soup (Суп), 1st Brestskaya, 62/25, bldg. 3 (M. Belorusskaya), 251 1383. More than a dozen of soup varieties.
  • Starlite (Старлайт), [26]. 24H. A small chain of American-style diners, where you can still try Russian borsch or pelmeni. Popular among Moscow expats as almost first places run by foreigners; among Moscow middle-class crowd for quality food and fast service. $$.


  • Carré Blanc [136] (Metro Novoslobodskaya) – French restaurant with an attached and much cheaper bar/cafe which also serves good food. Good wine list. French/English/Russian spoken.
  • Chemodan (Suitcase) (Metro Arbatskaya, Kropotkinskaya) Gogol Boulevard, Building 25, page 1. phone="+7 (495) 695 3819" – it's specifically a Siberian restaurant, with a menu featuring the freshest river-fish from Siberia's vast rivers and lakes, game dishes from the riches of the taiga forests, pickles and preserves featuring mushrooms and berries. Good food, good service.
  • Expedition [137] – Northern cuisine was really excellent though this is really expensive place.
  • Krasnaya ploschad dom 1 (1 Red Square) – In the heart of Moscow, in the historical museum building on the Red Square to the right hand if you are looking at the Lenin Mausoleum. Quite expensive, but worth visiting; dinner is about $70-80 per person.
  • Ne dal'nii vostok ("Not far East") [138] Tverskoy Blvd, building 15. Overall, it's a real splurge but definitely worth the indulgence.
  • Pushkin, (Metro: Tverskaya, Pushkinskaya). Has a cafe and restaurant (cafe is cheaper). A fake 19th century mansion (built in 1999) that pretends to be a tourist attraction, not just a place to eat. The legend goes that so many foreigners were asking for the restaurant with this name that they finally opened one. With a stretch of imagination the food might pass for what it purports to be, the aristocratic Russian cuisine from the Czarist times.
  • Riviera – Painfully slow white glove service but it's a beautiful restaurant with a harpist playing throughout the meal and expertly prepared authentic French dishes. Expansive wine list.
  • Roberto, Rozhdestvensky blvd, 20 bldg. 1 (M. Chistiye Prudy / Tsvetnoy Blvd). Genuine Italian restaurant frequented by Italians. Risotto 400+ R, salads 350+ R, pasta 350+ R, soups 300+ R, mains 450+ R.
  • Vogue Cafe [139] – Situated right across the street from TSUM on Kyznetski Most Street building 7/9, the restaurant is a great little find but do not be fooled by the word cafe. It is quite trendy inside and can be busy in the evening. The prices are on the lower end of expensive (fish dishes range between 800-1300 rubles) and the wine list is extremely underpriced by Russian standards - like at least 4000 rubles per bottle. Overall, the food is absolutely delicious.
  • White Rabbit, 3, Smolenskaya Square (Metro: Smolenskaya), +7 (495) 66 33 999, [27]. Astonishing interiors in fusion style. Combining an old fireplace with fretted designer furniture and an active bar in the middle of the hall with a 360 degree panorama view of the Cathedral of Christ the Savior, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ukraina hotel. You get an outstanding view on the Garden Ring, the New Arbat and the river Moscow through the windows.


Nightclub in Moscow

There are several bars in central Moscow worth visiting.

  • Tema Bar – Located near Chistye Prudy Boulevard (Potapovsky pereulok, 5). It boasts quite a long cocktail list, including all-time favorites like Screwdrivers, Cosmopolitans and Manhattans. The bar is packed on Fri and Sat nights.


  • Fabrique[140] This club has nothing to do with the London club, but it is no less happening and lively. Beware of "face control" (Russia's way of letting only the chosen into the club). Mid-priced drinks, shots of vodka are ~200 rubles and mixed drinks are more expensive. Great club atmosphere with generally fantastic dj's.
  • Gogol' Bar – This bar is on the posh Stoleshnikov pereulok. The street houses deluxe brand shops such as Chanel, Burberry, and Cartier. The entrance to the bar is between Vivienne Westwood and the Lancel boutique. The interior, menu and drinks are quite simple. Musical performances every weekend. During the winter, the small yard is used as a skating rink. There are also Gogol' Bars on Arbat and Maroseika St.
  • Krizis Zhanra, in a house at the corner of Pokrowski Bulvar and Ulica Pokrowska, enter the house from the backside. See website to see a small map [141]. In the day it offers mediocre Italian-themed Russian cuisine. Cocktails and desserts are on the menu for mid-range prices (300-350 rubles). They play alternative music and on weekends the restaurant is turned into a small rock club (at about 11PM the tables are taken out). The place is popular with students with money but who are not elitny.
  • Propaganda, Bol. Zlatoustinsky, 8 (M. Kitay Gorod), +7(495)624-5732, [28]. 11:30AM-6AM Mon-Sun. A great alternative bar with lots of cheap drinks (vodka is 100 rubles and beer is 150 rubles). With great music, a hip and funky crowd, as well as a relatively relaxed door control. Propaganda is a great place to dance all night and have fun. Also very good value-for-money place to eat.


  • Kruzhka [142], cheap beer restaurant (75 rubles per half litre) with numerous locations around the city.
  • Yan Primus, Miklukho-Maklaya, 27A (M. Belyaevo, Vityaz cinema), (495) 336-5755, [29]. 10AM-6AM Mon-Sun. Belgian beer restaurant, a rare women-friendly beer place. Offer table games for large companies. Parking; outdoor terrace (open until 11PM; booking required).
  • Beer Market, Butyrskaya 69 (M. Dmitrovskaya), +7(495)967-1519, [30]. noon-midnight Mon-Sun. Probably the widest choice of beers in the city in the regular menu, plus seasonal extra beer listings, new region every season.
  • Bobby Dazzler Pub (паб Бобби Дэззлер), Kostyanskiy pereulok 7/13 (M. Turgenevskaya, M. Chistye Prudy), +7 495 6080383 (, fax: +7 495 6080477), [31]. 11:00-0:00 Mon-Thu, 11:00-3:00 Fri, 13:00-6:00 Sat, 13:00-0:00 Sun. Pub in british style. Wide choice of UK beers. The cousine menu is large as in a restaurant. Beers and food are reasonable priced.
  • English pub Albion (Английский паб Альбион), Manezhnaya Ploshchad 1 (M. Aleksandrovsky Sad, M. Okhotny Ryad), +7 495 6080383, [32]. 12AM-2AM Mon-Sun. First English pub opened in Moscow, existing since 2003, is located in the heart of the city, but it is not so easy to find it, the entrance with the territory of the Alexander Garden, opposite to the eternal flame.


  • Simple Things-Nikitskaya (Простые вещи), B. Nikitskaya, 14, +7 (495) 629 34 94, [33]. Great choice of wines and snacks in a cozy bazement right across Cofemania, with a special person who sit downs to talk (and recommend a drink or two) with you if you're alone.


Moscow has a good selection of tea saloons. Beyond them, high-quality infusion teas like Newby, are widely available in cafes, both packeted and loose.

Asking to add boiling water to the tea you ordered earlier is a practice that some cafes don't welcome, but normally it's acceptable. However, initiative from the waiter is really rare in this respect.


According to Vedomosti (March 2009), best coffee can be found in:

  • Coffeemania chain, [34]. The most expensive coffee chain in Moscow. The cafe on Bolsaya Nikitskaya 13 next to the Moscow Conservatory serves great breakfasts and is excellent for people watching in the morning and pre-concert coffee in the evening as well.
  • Coffee Bean, Petrovka 18/3. Petrovka is most coffee-conscious place in the Coffee Bean chain (also Pokrovka, Pyatnitskaya, Leningradsky). Some of the Coffee Bean stores also provide free internet (eg. Pokrovka).
  • Volkonsky, Maroseika 4/2. For a late night nibble or a quick morning pick me up, Volkonsky is one of the better places in Moscow that doubles as a bakery/coffee shop. Great ambiance and a neighborhood feel.

Other places:

  • Starbucks Cafe, Old Arbat Street, 19; Old Arbat 38; Mega-Khimki and Mega-Belaya Dacha; Moscow City; Sheremetyevo-3; Metropolis (M. Voykovskaya); Aeroport Gallery (M. Aeroport), [35]. Starbucks has finally broken the wall into hard ground Russia. Promises to open another 10-20 stores by end of 2008.



  • Comrade Hostel, Maroseyka street 11, 3rd floor (m. Kitai-Gorod) (in courtyard, second archway left after you pass McDonald's), +7 (495) 628-31-26 (), [36]. checkin: 12.00; checkout: 12.00. A nice clean hostel, with an intimate atmosphere, located only 10 minutes walk from the Red Square. The owner Dennis is really helpful. Free Wi-Fi internet. *NOTE: Comrade Hostel can also provide an invitation for the Russian Tourist visa. 650 rubles per night in a dorm; 2500 rubles per night in a large private double room; 2000 rubles per night in a single private room.
  • At Atelier, Sadovnicheskaya street 25 (m. Novokuznetskaya), +7 916 289-04-26, [37]. checkin: 1 p.m; checkout: 12.00. Atatelier is not a hostel that you can usually find in Moscow. It is a small though quite comfortable apartment in the centre of the city. You can notice that the owners are obsessed with interior design, but they are also in love with architecture, fashion, music, ballet and all those things that make our life even more beautiful. The hostel has a co-working space, so the atmosphere is calm and creative. 25 $ per night in a dorm, 40$ per night in a dorm.
  • Backpacker Ecohostel, Starosadskiy pereulok 5 стр 6 (m. Kitai Gorod), +7 916 535-57-27, [38]. checkin: 3 p.m; checkout: 12.00. Comfortable beds, shower, common kitchen and common area, free wi-fi (or a computer, if you don`t have your own). The hostel is equiped with recycling bins. The location is a very quiet area in the plenty downtown of Moscow. 10-30$ per night.
  • Chillax Hostels, 2-y Kolobovskiy pereulok, 9 (m. Trubnaya, Tsvetnoi Bulvar), +7 (495) 620-59-59 (), [39]. checkin: 3 p.m; checkout: 12.00. Chillax Hostels is the highest rated hostel in Moscow according to TripAdvisor and Hostelworld. Located in central Moscow right by the boulevard ring, Chillax Hostels is a cozy, clean, and a fun place to stay. All of the staff speaks English, with some speaking other languages too. What kind of Moscow experience would you like? Clubs? Discos? Bars? Parties? Museums? Galleries? Art-houses? Cultural festivals? Concerts? Restaurants? Lounges? Day or night - Chillax Hostels will inform you of the best events in town! *NOTE: Chillax Hostels can also provide an invitation for the Russian Tourist visa. 9-20$ per night in a dorm.
  • Hostel Dom, Podsosenskiy per., 21 stroenie 5 (m. Kurskaya, Chkalovskaya), +7 (916) 671-01-20 (), [40]. checkin: 2 p.m; checkout: 12.00. Nice, clean and really cozy hostel located in a center of Moscow, just a 5 minute walk from Kurskaya or Chkalovskaya metro stations. It's located in the centre of the capital’s creative life with The British Higher School of Art and Design, the legendary Solyanka cafe and club, the art and design centres Artplay and Winzavod, Coffe Bean and Kofemania cafe with the best cofee in the Moscow *NOTE: Hostel Dom also provide an invitation for Russian Tourist visa. 30$ per night in a dorm and 90$ in private double room.
  • Godzillas Hostel Moscow, Bolshoi Karetnyy 6 apt. 5 (first floor), +7 (495) 699-42-23 (, fax: +7 (495) 699-16-91), [41]. checkin: 2PM; checkout: 12PM. Pretty reasonable hostel with decent bathrooms and very friendly staff. It's in a convenient location. Only minutes away from local bars and restaurants and a 20-25 minute walk from the Kremlin. Small number of showers and internet terminals are the only downside. From 725 rubles per night in a dorm or at 1740 per night in a double room.
  • Host Families Association (HOFA) (From 22 eur. per night), 5 Tavricheskaya str., +7 (812) 275 1992 (, fax: +7 (812) 275 1992), [42]. Since 1990, HOFA provides visa invitations, homestays, apartment rentals, packages in friendly homes in 60 cities in Russia and CIS. From €22 per night.
  • Moscow Home-hostel, 2-y Neopalimovsky per., 1/12 (m. Park kultury), +7 (495) 778-24-45 (), [43]. checkin: 1PM; checkout: 12 PM. Located in the picturesque quiet park zone within 5 minutes walk from metro station and 20 minutes walk to the Kremlin. Prices start at 550 rubles per night in a dorm or at 2000 rubles per night in a room for two.
  • Napoleon Hostel, Maly Zlatoustinskiy 2 (4th floor), +7 (495) 628-66-95 (, fax: +7 (495) 624-59-78), [44]. Good hostel with an excellent location in the quiet city center. Dorm prices start from 600 rubles per night.
  • Suharevka mini-hotel, Bolshaya Suharevskaya Ploshad 16/18, +7 (910) 420-3446 (), [45]. Pleasant mini-hotel with nice location in the center. Private rooms are quite nice for the price (around €60).
  • TNT Hostel Moscow, 5 Zvonarskiy per., 3rd floor (located at Metro Kuznetskiy Most, on the Purple line. At the metro station Kuznetskiy Most platform between the trains, look for the sign that says 'Kuznetskiy Most'. The sign is in the middle of the platform hanging from the ceiling and is quite small. Follow this sign toward Rozhdestvenka Street and exit the metro station taking the escalators. At the top of the escalators walk through the glass doors, then pass throught the any of two ARCs, turn right and walk about 2 min till you see a 'Lilienthal Bar' from right hand. Turn left to Zvonarskiy side street and walk downwards till you see building 5 (Dom in Russian). Building 5 is next after the Bank UNICOR. The door entry code is ''1 2 3 4'' (or can be not locked at all). Hostel is on the third (pls note, Russian numbering) floor of that building, left door.), +7 (495) 973-05-01 (), [46]. checkin: 1PM; checkout: noon. Hostel located in the one of the safest places in Moscow, on a small side street within the Central Bank of Russia and Federal Guard Service buildings. 430 rubles; privates 990 rubles(per person/night).


The Bogoyavlensky Monastery

There is a big need for mid-range accommodations in Moscow, and the curious traveler can find some good ones -- with a little diligence.

  • Flamingo Bed & Breakfast, 2-Yamskaya Tverskay-Moscow, +79197724002 (), [47]. The closest Bed and Breakfast to the Kremlin, Flamingo Bed and Breakfast is in the art and cultural area, only 30 meters away from Tverskaya Street and Chekov Theater.
  • Dorothy's Bed and Breakfast, Fadeeva street, house 7/3, apartment 114 125047, +79266644118 (), [48]. Located in the art and cultural area, providing a comfortable atmosphere and and personal service.
  • Samovar Bed and Breakfast, Staropimenovskiy lane 16, flat 54 127001, +79266644118 (), [49]. Located in the art and cultural area. The decor is a fusion of fresh IKEA design meets Soviet kitsch.
  • Artel Hotel, Teatralniy proezd, bld.3/3, +7 495 626 90 08, [50]. Each room at Artel Hotel has been handed over to a local artist, some already well-known and some up-and-coming. No two rooms are alike. Some of its amenities include free Wi-Fi access, airport transfer, and laundry service. Best rates on official website start at RUB 3100.
  • Aquamarine Hotel Moscow, Ozerkovskaya, 26, +7 (495) 580 28 28, [51]. 159 exquisite rooms and suites are equipped with the latest multi-media technology and offer state-of-the-art business services.
  • Hotel Bulvar, 1 Sretenka, 7 (495) 7767276, [52]. Hotel Bulvar offers cozy hotel accommodations, all of which have air-conditioner, a plasma TV with cable, a telephone, and private toilet and shower. Some of its amenities include high-speed Internet access, dry cleaning/laundry, and massage service. Best rates on official website start at RUB 2800.
  • Hotel Cosmos, Prospekt Mira 150, +7 (495) 646-0155 (, fax: +7 (495) 646-0155), [53]. Rooms from RUB 5,000. The hotel is right outside metro station VDNKh and next to the All-Russian Exhibition Centre [54].
  • Elegant Hotel, 8 Pokrovka str., 32, +7 (495) 625-98-32, [55]. All rooms have air-conditioning, a cable TV, and an en-suite toilet and bath. Some of its amenities are restaurant and bar, a business center, and a beauty parlor. Best rates on official website start at RUB 2860.
  • Ermitage Pokrovka Hotel, Durasovsky per 7, 007 (495) 9171919, [56]. It offers aptly furnished rooms, all of which have a cable TV, a mini-bar, and a telephone. Some of its amenities are dry cleaning/laundry, high-speed Internet access, and room service. While staying here you can visit some tourist spots like The Kremlin, St. Basil's Cathedral, and The Bolshoy Theater. Best rates on official website start at RUB 2,195.
  • Hotel Izmailovo Alfa, Izmailovskoe shosse 71a, +7 (495) 646-0155 (fax: +7 (495) 646-0155), [57]. The hotel is right outside Partizanskaya metro station with a direct connection to the Ploshchad Revolyutsii metro station in about 15 minutes. On Sat and Sun there is a Vernisazh market with attractive art and handmade crafts within a five minute walk from the hotel. The hotel is built on the site of the old village "Izmailovo", which was the suburban estate of Russian Tsars (and some medieval buildings still stand there, about 15 min walk from the hotel). Peter the Great spent there his childhood. "Alfa" was built in 1980 for the Olympic games. The project authors were awarded with the State prize. The rooms reveal a panoramic view of the Park and Petrovskii lakes. Prices start at 3,300 RUB.
  • Hotel Izmailovo Gamma-Delta, Izmailovskoe shosse 71, +7 (495) 646-0155 (fax: +7 (495) 646-0155), [58]. The hotel is right outside Partizanskaya metro station with a direct connection that takes you to Ploshchad Revolyutsii metro station in about 15 minutes. On Saturday and Sunday there is a Vernisazh market with attractive art and handmade crafts within a 5 minute walk from the hotel. *Note: this hotel cannot issue visa support documents, make sure you have another way to get your Moscow visa voucher. Prices start at RUB 2,300.
  • Petrovka Loft, Petrovka 17/2, 41 (Teatralnaya, Pushkinskaya and Tverskaya metro stations.), +7 (495) 626-2210 (, fax: +7 (495) 626-2209), [59]. Luxury budget hotel located ten min stroll from Red Square. R3000/dbl.
  • Proton Hotel, 22, Novozavodskaya st., 7 (495) 797-33-00, [60]. A/C rooms equipped with tv with satellite channels, free high-speed internet access and shower with bathtub. Some of its facilities and services are business center, bar, restaurant, conference room and fitness room/gym. From RUB 4,400.
  • Silky Way, 45 Lenina Street, pos. Oktyabrskiy, Lyuberetskiy District, 7 (495) 225 20 02, [61]. Silky Way proudly stands in an area that was once part of the Great Silk Road. It offers cozy rooms, all of which have air-conditioner, cable TV, mini-bar, and refrigerator. Some of its amenities are restaurant and bar, fitness room/gym, and high-speed Internet access. Best rates on official website start at RUB 3,500.
  • Soyuz, Levoberezhnaya. St. 12, (495) 956-29-99, [62]. The hotel complex “Soyuz” is located in a wood-park zone which is only a 15-minute ride equally distant both from the international airport “Sheremetievo-2” and the centre. The hotel's accommodation facilities encompass 29 single rooms, 119 two-person and 10 two-room luxe, All of them are nicety furnished with Italian furniture and equipped with satellite TV. Best rates on official website start at €90.
  • Hotel Ulanskaya, Ulanskiy pereulok 16, bld.1A, +7 (495) 632-9695, [63]. Hotel Ulanskaya is located along quiet and picturesque Ulansky Lane. It offers guestrooms, all of which have LCD TV with local and international channels, Internet access, and IDD Telephone. Some of its amenities are airport and city transfers, restaurant and bar, and room service. Best rates on official website start at RUB 5,500.
  • Hotel-Vintage, Leningradskoe shosse 297, 007 (495)943—76-59, [64]. Located in a 19th-century building. Just 5 km away Sheremetievo Airport. Free Wi-Fi, satellite TV and a private bathroom with toiletries is included in each room at the Hotel-Vintage. Some have a separate bedrooms and living room. A continental breakfast is available on request in the Vintage’s breakfast room. Room service is available and packed lunches can be organised for day trips. A tour desk offers advice on what to see and do in Moscow. Other facilities include a 24-hour reception, safety deposit box and free newspapers. Sheremetievo Airport is 5 km away. Crocus Expo Exhibition Centre is 35 km from the Vintage Hotel. Best rates on official website start at RUB 2,100.
  • Hotel Voskhod, Altuf'evskoye shosse 2, [65]. Relatively cheap and modest accommodation in the outskirts of the city. Located near Vladykino metro station (grey line, seven stops to the city center, 20-25 minutes). Price starting at RUB 1,800 per double room.


  • Baltschug Kempinski, ul. Balchug, 1, +7 (495) 230 5500 (+7 (495) 230 6500, , fax: +7 (495) 230 5502), [66]. checkin: 15:00; checkout: 12:00. Hotel is located facing the Red Square and St.Basil's Cathedral. It features spacious rooms, good service and a buffet-breakfast.
  • Golden Apple Hotel, 11 Malaya Dmitrovka, +7 (495) 980 7000, [67]. 92 individually decorated rooms and suites. Cable&satellite TV channels, and WiFi. Sauna and jacuzzi, laundry, dry-cleaning and valet services, and 24 hours room service. from at RUB 5,500.
  • Golden Ring, Smolenskaya ulitsa, 5 (short walk to Arbat Street and the Foreign Ministry building), [68]. Disappointing service for a 5 star hotel, although the amenities and breakfast served daily are commendable. Views from the rooms are fantastic, and the hotel is located near all the main tourist sites. Free Wi-Fi access.
  • Le Royal Meridien National, 15/1, bld. 1 ul. Mokhovaya, +7 (495) 258 7000 (, fax: +7 (495) 258 7100), [69]. Traditional Art Nouveau-style hotel located in city centre next to the Red Square. Rooms are spacious, clean and comfortable, with plasma TV's, minibars and more. Internet use is extremely pricey though at 16 rubles a minute.
  • Mamaison All-Suites Spa Hotel Pokrovka, Pokrovka st 40, bld 2, +7 495 229 57 57 (, fax: +7 495 229 57 75), [70]. checkin: 15:00; checkout: 12:00. In downtown, designed in Art-Deco. Spa by Algotherm. Restaurant "Numbers".
  • The Ritz-Carlton, Tverskaya ulitsa 3/5. For one of the top hotels in one of the world's most expensive cities, be prepared to pay at the Ritz Carlton. Although completed in 2007, the 19th century styling looks authentic with an old world style, look and feel. The staff are fluent in English and are helpful and professional. The astonishingly high rates for this hotel though, do not feel justified.
  • Radisson Blu Belorusskaya, No. 26, 3rd Street of Yamskogo Polya, +7 495 660 6306 (, fax: +7 495 660 6307), [71]. Standing out among Moscow hotels, this accommodation provides a central capital city location near the Kremlin and the main thoroughfares to Sheremetyevo International Airport.
  • Swissotel Krasnye Holmy, Kosmodamianskaya nab., 52 bld.6 (Paveletskaya, Taganskaya), +7 495 787 9800 (+7 495 787 9881, , fax: +7 495 787 9898), [72]. checkin: 15:00; checkout: 12:00. Top notch hotel. A stunning bar on the 34th floor has a complete 360 view of Moscow and the cocktail and wine list is extremely impressive.

Stay safe

Moscow historically enjoyed a low crime rate. However, Moscow is a booming metropolis, so common sense should be used. Avoid dark alleys - like you would anywhere else. Check the advice from your Foreign Office for entry requirements, health, safety, local laws and customs.

Do keep in mind, that while traveling in Moscow, as in the rest of Russia, you must always have your passport with you. If you look non-white, your papers may get checked more often than usual.

Usually, the police will demand to see your papers to check if you have been registered within seven business days (used to be three business days up to March 25th, 2011) of your arrival into Moscow. Always remember that if you stay in a hotel then you are automatically registered and will be handed a confirmation paper at a time of check-in, so no worry in this case. Most policemen do not speak a word of English, but they will let you know if your papers are not in order and you must go with them to the police precinct. In any case, if you are a decent looking person (regardless of race and nationality) odds to be asked to show documents are minuscule, and the police is usually looking for migrants from Central Asia.

Also note that in winter months, streets in Moscow can get very slippery. Take a pair of grippy shoes or, even better, boots (to prevent twisted ankles) and a waterproof raincoat. Take care as ice patches are often hard to spot, even when they appear to have been cleared or melted. Wearing non-grippy shoes could result in injury.

Downtown Moscow is very brightly lit, and a lot of the wide roads have underground pedestrian walkways. Those are well lit too - so you shouldn't worry about going down inside them. But of course, like anywhere else, do use common sense, and keep an eye out for pickpockets. Use the pedestrian crossings to cross the street, as traffic can get pretty crazy sometimes.



In Moscow there are three main GSM operators (MTS, Beeline, Megafon), and they often have offers that give you a SIM card for free or at least very cheap. If you are planning to stay a while and to keep in touch with Russian people, then you should consider buying a local pay-as-you-go SIM card instead of going on roaming. Almost any European phone, and those from the U.S. which work on a GSM network (T-Mobile, or AT&T), carry the "tri-band" or "World phone" designation and had been unlocked, should work on the Russian standard (if yours is not one of those, a basic new candybar will still run you considerably less than $40 without a contract). If you buy a SIM card from a shop you'll need your passport for identification. It only takes five minutes to do the paperwork and it will cost less than $10. You will receive a number in the "mobile" area code, starting with 9, which has more expensive rates for calls to and from landlines (and from abroad; in compensation, the tariffs for calls to phones on the same network are usually reduced), and your card will be preloaded with a small initial minute allowance. Incoming calls are free. Top off at the stores of your chosen company, at shops selling phones, or at newer automated kiosks which accept utility payments (they look like short, squat ATMs with large touchscreens, and display, among others, logos of the mobile operators); the latter charge a small commission fee and accept cash or (rarely) credit cards. Be careful when entering the number: it is possible to add airtime to any phone, not only your own.

For calls abroad there are different inexpensive pre-paid cards (e.g. Arktel), which you can find at many shops and kiosks throughout the city or in any post office.

Wireless Internet

Public Wifi hotspots

BeelineWiFi (former GoldenWiFi, acquired by Beeline ) is the largest network of Wi-Fi access points, available almost everywhere within a Third Ring Road and a Garden Ring, less frequently outside it. Most of them are free (paid by the venue, e.g. a cafe or mall) - whenever you are at a cafe, ask your waiter for a free WiFi pass slip if your device doesnt connect automatically. Very few require an account. Rates are 50 rubles for an hour, 100 rubles for 24 hours, 500 rubles for 30 days; if you have a credit card, it's a fairly simple process completed entirely online - you are presented with the payment choice screen as soon as you connect. Airports are flooded with the paid access, so as to drown the (few) free choices. In some places, pre-paid cards can be acquired at the cashier's desk (e.g. Starbucks) or in outlets selling mobile phones. Gorky Park also has free Wi-Fi access points.

McDonalds has free (as in a 30-minute voucher with every meal) Wi-Fi in nearly every other of their locations in the city (and in most of them within a Garden Ring)—operated also by BeelineWiFi.

Look out for "Free WiFi" sign in most of the malls. At least one free-for-all WiFi spot is located in "Respublika" bookstore on Tverskaya near Mayakovskaya metro - you can use it without limits as long as you're about 15 meters from the store's entrance. Benches are provided and often packed with people.

Free Wi-Fi is also available on the Ring line (Brown) of the Moscow metro.


There is also a 4G LTE provider called Yota [143] available in Moscow and some other cities. You can buy their USB modem in almost every outlet selling mobile phones (Euroset, Svyaznoi, I-on etc.) as well as in any computer related store. The price of the modem is 2900 rubles. You can use it for free for 7 days, after you should select your tariff on their site ( suggested in English as well. To switch the language, click "EN" on the top. The advantage of this operator is that you can change your tariff at any time without paying. You just choose another tariff using the scroll bar, and the amount of days will be changed according to your current payment, the speed will increase. Also Megafon currently offers 4G (LTE) connections.

Mobile internet connection

The 3G(HSDPA) coverage is also available in most areas provided by MegaFon, MTS, BeeLine. There is also a CDMA (EV-DO rev. A) wireless internet available provided by Skylink [144] but you have to buy their hardware (450Mhz) like USB modem for 1890 rub to use it (runs at 450MHz and it's not compatible with CDMA equipment used in the U.S. etc.).



Moscow is one of the global diplomatic capitals, competing with Berlin, Paris, London, and Washington D.C.. Most countries have embassies in the city.

  • 560px-Flag of Abkhazia.svg.png Abkhazia, Mamonovsky pereulok, 4 building 1, +7 (495) 650-11-45, 650-17-82 (, fax: +7 (495) 650-28-43), [73].
  • Af-flag.png Afganistan, Povarskaya street, 42, +7 (495) 690-0146, consulate - 690-3894 (, fax: +7 (495) 690-0146).
  • Al-flag.png Albania, Mytnaya street, 3, ap. 8, +7 (495) 982-3852 (, fax: +7 (495) 982-3854).
  • Ag-flag.png Algeria, Krapivensky Pereulok, 1А, +7 (495) 937-4600, 624-0714 (, fax: +7 (495) 937-4645), [74].
  • Ao-flag.png Angola, Ulofa Palme street, 6, +7 ((499) 143-6324 (, fax: +7 (495) 956-1880). 10 AM - 5 PM.
  • Ar-flag.png Argentina, Bolshaya Ordynka street, 72, +7 ((495) 502-1020 (, fax: +7 (495) 502-1021).
  • Am-flag.png Armenia, Armyansky Pereulok, 2, +7 ((495) 624-1269, 625-7305, consulate - +7 (495) 924-3243 (, fax: +7 (495) 624-4535), [75]. Mon, Tue, Thu - 10.30-12.30 and 14.30-17.00; Fri 10.30-12.30 and 14.00-16.00.
  • As-flag.png Australia, Podkolokolny pereulok, 10A/2, +7 (495) 956-6075, 232-3272, 232-3291 (, fax: +7 (495) 956-6162, 956-6170). Mon-Fri, 9 AM - 5 PM.
  • Au-flag.png Austria, Starokonyushenny pereulok, 1, +7 (495) 780-6066 (, fax: +7 (495) 937-4269). Mon-Fri, 9 AM - 4-30 PM.
  • Aj-flag.png Azerbaijan, Leontievsky pereulok, 16, +7 (495) 629-4332, consulate – +7(495) 629-1649 (, fax: +7 (495) (495) 202-5072, consulate – +7 (495) 629-5546). Mon-Fri, 9-30 AM - 1 PM.
  • Ba-flag.png Bahrain, Bolshaya Ordynka, 18/1, +7 (495) 953-0022 / 33 / 44 / 66 (, fax: +7 (495) 953-7474).
  • Bg-flag.png Bangladesh, Zemledelchesky pereulok, 6, +7 (495) 246-7804, consulate – 246-7332 (, fax: +7 (495) 246-7804, consulate – 246-7332), [76]. Mon-Thu 9AM - 5 PM.
  • Bo-flag.png Belarus, Maroseyka street, 17/6, +7 (495) 777-6644 (103), 777-6644, 624-703 (, fax: +7 (495) 777-6633), [77]. Mon-Fri 10AM - 4-30PM.
  • Be-flag.png Belgium, Malaya Molchanovka street, 7 (Arbatskaya metro station), +7 (495) 780-0331 (, fax: (495) 780-0342, 780-0341 - visa, (495) 780-0332, 780-0331 - common). Mon-Fri 9-30AM - 6PM.
  • Bn-flag.png Benin, Uspensky pereulok, 7, +7 (495) 699-2360, 699-2923, 699-7985 (, fax: (495) 694-0226). Mon-Fri 9-30AM - 4-30PM.
  • Bl-flag.png Bolivia, Serpukhovsky Val street, 8, ap. 135-137, +7 (495) 954-0630, 958-0855, 952-5736 (, fax: +7 (495) 958-0755).
  • Bk-flag.png Bosnia and Herzogovina, Mosfilmovskaya street, 50 building 1 office 484, +7 (495) 147-6488, consulate – (495)143-2909 (, fax: +7 (495) 147-6489). 9AM - 5PM.
  • Br-flag.png Brazil, Ulitsa Bolshaya Nikitskaya, 54, +7 495 363 03 66 (, fax: +7 495 363-0367).
  • Bx-flag.png Brunei, Berezhkovskaya naberezhnaya, 2, office 413 (Kievskaya metro station, Radisson SAS Slavyanskaya hotel), +7 (495) 941-8215, 941-8216 (fax: +7 (495) 941-8214).
  • Bu-flag.png Bulgaria, Mosfilmovskaya street, 66, +7 (499) 143-9022 (consulate), 143-9023 (, fax: +7 (495) 232-3302, consulate - (499) 143-9605, 143-6214). 9AM - 4 PM.
  • By-flag.png Burundi, Kaluzhskaya square, 1, ap. 226, 227 (Oktyabrskaya metro station), +7 (499) 230-2564 (, fax: +7 (499) 230-2009). Mon-Fri 9AM - 5PM.
  • Cb-flag.png Cambodia, Starokonyushenny pereulok, 16, +7 495 637-4736 (, fax: +7 495 956-6573). Mon-Fri 9AM - 5PM.
  • Cm-flag.png Cameroon, Povarskaya street, 40, +7 (495) 690-6549, 690-0063 (, fax: +7 (495) 690-6116). Mon-Fri 9AM - 5PM.
  • Ca-flag.png Canada, Starokonyushenny pereulok, 23, +7 (495) 925-6000, consulate – (495) 925-6054 (, fax: +7 (495) 925-6025, 925-6090, 925-6092). Mon-Fri 8-30AM - 5PM.
  • Cv-flag.png Cape Verde, Rublevskoe shosse, 26, building 1, office 182, +7 495 415-4149 (, fax: +7 495 415-4106). Mon-Fri 11AM - 5PM.
  • Ct-flag.png Central African Republic, 26 Bakinskikh Komissarov street, 9, ap. 124, 125 (Yugo-Zapadnaya metro station), +7 (495) 434-4520 (fax: +7 (495) 727-4939).
  • Cd-flag.png Chad, Akademika Pilyugina street, 14, building 3, ap. 895,896 (Novye Cheryomushki metro station), +7 (495) 936-1763, 936-1766 (fax: +7 (495) 936-1101).
  • Ci-flag.png Chile, Denezhny pereulok, 7, building 1, +7 (499) 241-0145, 241-0414, 241-1034, 241-1245, 241-3151, consulate - (499) 241-1034 (, fax: +7 (499) 241-6867).
  • Ch-flag.png China, Druzhby street, 6, +7 (495) 938-2006, consulate – (499) 143-1543 (fax: +7 (495) 9561169), [78].
  • Co-flag.png Colombia, Burdenko street, 20, +7 (495) 248-3073, consulate – (495) 248-3042/73, 248-34-17 (, fax: +7 (495) 248-3025, consulate – (495) 248-3003), [79].
  • Hr-flag.png Croatia, Korobeynikov pereulok, 16/10, +7 (495) 637-7186, 637-3222, 637-3868, 637-3977, consulate - (495) 637-4033 (, fax: +7 (495) 637-4624). Mon-Fri 10-30AM - 1-30PM.
  • Cy-flag.png Cyprus, Povarskaya street, 9, +7 (495) 744-2944, consulate – (495) 744-2934 (, fax: +7 (495) 744-2945). Mon-Fri 10AM-3PM.
  • Ez-flag.png Czech Republic, Yuliusa Fuchika street, 12/14, +7 (495) 276-0701, consulate – (495) 276-0702 (, fax: +7 (495) 250-1523, 251-0145). Mon-Fri 9-00 - 11-30.
  • Cg-flag.png Democratic Republic of the Congo, Simferopolsky Boulevard, 7А, ap. 49, 50, +7 (499) 613-8348, 613-8514 (). Mon-Fri 9AM - 4PM.
  • Da-flag.png Denmark, Prechistensky pereulok, 9, +7 (495) 642-6800, visas - (495) 642-6801 (, fax: +7 (495) 775-0191, visas - (495) 775-0197), [80]. Mon-Thu 9-15AM - 5PM; Fri 9-15AM - 4-15PM.
  • Dr-flag.png Dominican Republic, Rublevskoe shosse, 26, building 1, office 211, +7 (495) 415-2596, 415-3601 (, fax: +7 (495) 415-3601). Mon-Fri 9AM - 4PM.
  • Ec-flag.png Ecuador, Gorokhovsky pereulok, 12 (Kurskaya metro station), +7 (499) 261-2739, 261-5527, consulate – 261-5530 (, fax: +7 (499) 267-7079). Mon-Fri 10AM - 6PM.
  • Eg-flag.png Egypt, Kropotkinsky pereulok, 12, +7 (499) 246-3096, 246-0234, 246-3080 (fax: +7 (499) 246-1064).
  • Ek-flag.png Equatorial Guinea, Pogorelsky pereulok, 7, building 1 (Polyanka metro station), +7 (495) 953-3563, 953-27-66 (, fax: +7 (495) 953-2084).
  • Er-flag.png Eritrea, Koroviy Val street, 7/1, ap. 31,32, +7 (499) 238-3025 (, fax: +7 (499) 238-1868).
  • En-flag.png Estonia, Maly Kislovsky pereulok, 5 (Arbatskaya metro station), +7 (495) 737-3640 (, fax: +7 (495) 737-3646). Mon-Fri 8-30AM - 5-00PM.
  • Et-flag.png Ethiopia, Orlovo-Davydovsky pereulok, 6 (Prospekt Mira metro station), +7 (495) 680-1616, 680-1676 (, fax: +7 (495) 680-6608).
  • Fi-flag.png Finland, Kropotkinsky pereulok, 15-17 (Park Kultury metro station), +7 (495) 787-4178 (10-00 - 12-00), (495) 787-4177 (emergency cases) (, fax: +7 (499) 255-3380), [81]. Mon-Fri 9-00 - 12-00.
  • Fr-flag.png France, Bolshaya Yakimanka street, 45 (Oktyabrskaya metro station), +7 (495) 937-1500 (fax: +7 (495) 937-1430). Mon-Fri 9-00AM - 1-00PM.
  • Gb-flag.png Gabon, Denezhny pereulok, 16, +7 (495) 241-0080, (499) 241-7910 (, fax: +7 (495) 241-15-85, (499) 252-8694).
  • Ga-flag.png Gambia, Kadashevskaya naberezhnaya, 32/2, +7 (495) 258-3682 (fax: +7 (495) 258-3682).
  • Gg-flag.png Georgia, Maly Rzhevsky pereulok, 6, +7 (495) 690-4657 (, fax: +7 (495) 691-2136).
  • Gm-flag.png Germany, Mosfilmovskaya street, 56, +7 495 937-9500 (, fax: +7 495 783-0875). Mon, Wed, Thu 8AM - 5PM; Tue 8AM - 5-30PM; Fri 8AM - 3PM.
  • Gh-flag.png Ghana, Skatertny pereulok, 14, +7 (495) 690-1969, 690-2327/35, 690-2224, consulate – (495) 690-2073 (, fax: +7 (495) 690-2198, consulate – (495) 690-2073), [82].
  • Gr-flag.png Greece, Leontievsky Pereulok No 4 Moscow 115127, +7 (495) 539 2940, 690-4657 (, fax: +7 495 539 2950).
  • Gt-flag.png Guatemala, Koroviy Val street, 7 office 98, +7 (499) 238-2214, 238-5914 (, fax: +7 (495) 238-1446, 956-6270). Mon-Fri 10AM - 1PM.
  • Gv-flag.png Guinea, Koroviy Val street, 7 office 101,102, +7 (499) 238-1085 (, fax: +7 (499) 238-9768).
  • Pu-flag.png Guinea-Bissau, Simferopolsky Boulevard, 7-А, entrance 4, ap. 180, +7 (499) 317-9582 (fax: +7 (499) 317-9582).
  • Hu-flag.png Hungary, Mosfilmovskaya street, 62, +7 495 796-93-77 (, fax: +7 (495) 796-9380, consulate – (495) 796-9377), [83].
  • Ic-flag.png Iceland, Khlebny pereulok, 28, +7 495 956-7604 (, fax: +7 (495) 956-7612), [84]. Mon-Fri 9AM - 5PM.
  • In-flag.png India, Vorontsovo Polye street 6/8, +7 495 783 75 35 (, fax: +7 495 916 36 32).
  • Id-flag.png Indonesia, Novokuznetskaya Ulitsa, 12, +7 495 9519549 (, fax: +7 495 2306431).
  • Ir-flag.png Iran, Pokrovsky boulevard, 7, +7 495 917-7282#131, 917-0039, 917-0198, 917-0199 (, fax: +7 495 917-3092), [85]. Mon-Fri 9AM - 4-30PM.
  • Iz-flag.png Iraq, Pogodinskaya street, 12 (Kievskaya or Sportivnaya metro station), +7 (499) 246-5506, 246-5507, 246-5508, 248-3813 (, fax: +7 (499) 246-2734).
  • Ei-flag.png Ireland, Grokholsky pereulok, 5, +7 (495) 937-5911, 688-41-01, visas - 937-5900, 737-3636, 737-5494 (, fax: +7 (495) 975-2066, visas - 937-5902, 737-3637). Mon and Fri, 9-30 - 12-30.
  • Is-flag.png Israel, Bolshaya Ordynka street, 56, +7 495 660-27-00 (fax: +7 495 660-27-68). Mon-Thu 9-11AM and 4-5PM.
  • It-flag.png Italy, Denezhny pereulok, 5, +7 (495) 796-9691; (499) 241-1533, 241-1534 (, fax: +7 (495) 253-9289). Mon-Fri 9AM - 6PM.
  • Jm-flag.png Jamaica, Koroviy Val street, 7/1 office 70, 71, +7 (495) 237-2320 (fax: +7 (495) 232-2818). * Ja-flag.png Japan, Grokholsky Pereulok 27, +7 495 229-2550 (fax: +7 495 229-2555), [86].
  • Ja-flag.png Japan, Grokholsky Pereulok 27, +7 495 229-2550 (fax: +7 495 229-2555), [87].
  • Jo-flag.png Jordan, Mamonovsky pereulok, 3, +7 495 699-1242, 699-2845, 699-4344, 699-9564, 699-6717 (, fax: +7 495 699-4354).
  • Kz-flag.png Kazakhstan, Chistoprudny Boulevard, 3A (Chistye Prudy, Sretenky Boulevard or Turgenevskaya metro station), +7 495 627-1812, consulate – (495) 627-1706,627-1816 (, fax: +7 (495) 608-2650, consulate – (495) 608-0832). 9-30AM - 4-30PM.
  • Ke-flag.png Kenya, Lopukhinsky pereulok 5, buildings 1,5, +7 (495) 637-2186, 637-4257, 637-2535 (, fax: +7 (495) 637-5463), [88]. Tue, Thu 10-00 - 12-00.
  • Kg-flag.png Kyrgyzstan, Bolshaya Ordynka street, 64 office 24 (Polyanka, Dobryninskaya, or Tretyakovskaya metro station), +7 (495) 237-4882, 237-4601, 237-4571, consulate - 237-4391, 237-3364 (fax: +7 (495) 951-6062).
  • La-flag.png Laos, Malaya Nikitskaya street, 18, +7 (495) 690-2560, 637-0158 (, fax: +7 (495) 697-4924), [89].
  • Lg-flag.png Latvia, Chaplygina street, 3, +7 (495) 232-9760 (, fax: +7 (495) 232-9750). Mon-Fri 9AM-6PM.
  • Le-flag.png Lebanon, Sadovaya-Samotechnaya street, 14, +7 (495) 694-1320, consulate - 694-2684 (, fax: +7 (495) 694-3222). Mon-Fri 10AM-2PM.
  • LibFlag.png Libya, Mosfilmovskaya street, 38, +7 (499) 143-0354, 143-7722, 143-7700 (, fax: +7 (495) 938-2162, (499) 143-7644).
  • Lh-flag.png Lithuania, Borisoglebsky pereulok, 10 (Arbatskaya metro station), +7 (495) 785-8605, consulate - 785-8625 (, fax: +7 (495) 785-8600, consulate – 785-8649). Mon-Thu 9AM - 6PM; Fri 9AM - 5PM.
  • Lu-flag.png Luxembourg, Khruschevsky pereulok, 3 (Kropotkinskaya metro station), +7 (495) 786-6663 (, fax: +7 (495) 786-6669). Mon-Fri 10-00 - 12-00.
  • Mk-flag.png Macedonia, Dmitrija Uljanova street, 16, building 2, entrance 8, floor 1, Ste 509 & 510, +7 499 124 3357 (), [90].
  • Ma-flag.png Madagascar, Kursovoy pereulok, 5/1 (Kropotkinskaya metro station), +7 (495) 695-2892 (, fax: +7 (495) 695-2854), [91]. Mon-Fri 10AM - 3-45PM.
  • My-flag.png Malaysia, Mosfilmovskaya St, 50, +7 495 147-1514 (+7 495 147-1512, ).
  • Ml-flag.png Mali, Novokuznetskaya street, 11 (Tretyakovskaya or Novokuznetskaya metro station), +7 (495) 951-6349, 951-2784 (, fax: +7 (495) 951-2784).
  • Mt-flag.png Malta, Koroviy Val street, 7 office 219 (Oktyabrskaya or Dobryninskaya metro station), +7 (495) 237-1939, (499) 230-2524, 230-1981 (, fax: +7 (495) 237-2158).
  • Mr-flag.png Mauritania, Bolshoy Savvinsky pereulok, 21, +7 (499) 245-1176, 245-1261 (, fax: +7 (499) 246-2519). Mon-Fri 12-00 - 15-00.
  • Mp-flag.png Mauritius, Nikoloyamskaya Street, 8, +7 (495) 915-7617 (fax: +7 (495) 915-7665).
  • Mx-flag.png Mexico, Bolshoy Levshinsky pereulok, 4 (Smolenskaya metro station), +7 (495) 969-2879, consulate - 969-2878 (, fax: +7 (495) 969-2877). Mon-Thu 9-00 - 13-00; Fri 9-00 - 12-00.
  • Md-flag.png Moldova, Kuznetsky Most street, 18 (Kuznetsky Most metro station), +7 (495) 624-5353, 624-6342 (, fax: +7 (495) 624-9590), [92]. Mon-Fri 8AM - 5PM.
  • Mg-flag.png Mongolia, Borisoglebsky pereulok, 11, +7 (495) 691-4636, 690-6792, consulate – (495) 244-7867, (499) 241-1548 (, fax: +7 (495) 691-4636).
  • FlagOfMontenegro.png Montenegro, Mytnaya street, 3, office 23-25 (Oktyabrskaya or Dobryninskaya metro station), +7 (499) 230-1865/76 (, fax: +7 (499) 230-1886). Mon, Wed, Fri 9-00 - 12-00.
  • Mo-flag.png Morocco, Bolshaya Nikitskaya street, 51 (Barrikadnaya metro station), +7 (495) 690-2085, 691-1762 (, fax: +7 (495) 691-9493, 691-1642).
  • Mz-flag.png Mozambique, Krutitsky Val street, 3 building 2 (Proletarskaya metro station), +7 (495) 786-3005/06 (, fax: +7 (495) 786-3005/06).
  • Bm-flag.png Myanmar, Bolshaya Nikitskaya street, 41 (Barrikadnaya metro station), +7 (495) 291-56-14 (fax: +7 (495) 956-31-86).
  • Np-flag.png Nepal, 2nd Neopalimovsky pereulok, 14/7, +7 (495) 244-0215 (fax: +7 (495) 241-0000). Mon-Fri 10-00 - 12-00.
  • Nl-flag.png Netherlands, Kalashny pereulok, 6 (Arbatskaya metro station), +7 (495) 797-29-00 (, fax: +7 (495) 797-29-04). Mon-Fri 9-00 - 12-30.
  • Nz-flag.png New Zealand, Povarskaya street, 44, +7 (495) 956-3579, immigration service – (495) 956-2642 (, fax: +7 (495) 956-35783, immigration service - (495) 232-0180). Mon-Fri 9-30AM - 5-30PM.
  • Nu-flag.png Nicaragua, Mosfilmovskaya street, 50 building 1, +7 (495) 938-2701 (, fax: +7 (495) 938-2701).
  • Ng-flag.png Niger, Kursovoy pereulok, 7/31, +7 (495) 255-01-01.
  • Ni-flag.png Nigeria, Malaya Nikitskaya street, 13, +7 (495) 690-3783, 690-3785 (, fax: +7 (495) 956-2825), [93].
  • Kn-flag.png North Korea, Mosfilmovskaya Street, 72, +7 (499) 143-6231, 143-6308, consulate - 143-6247 (fax: +7 (499) 143-6312).
  • No-flag.png Norway, Povarskaya street, 7 (Arbatskaya metro station), +7 (495) 933-1410 (, fax: +7 (495) 933-1414). Mon, Tue, Wed, Fri 10-00 - 12-00.
  • Mu-flag.png Oman, Staromonetny pereulok, 9, building 6-7, +7 (495) 230-1587, 230-1255 (, fax: +7 (495) 230-1587).
  • Pk-flag.png Pakistan, Sadovaya Kudrinskaya street, 17, +7 (499) 254-9791 (, fax: +7 (495) 956-9097). Mon-Thu 10AM - 1PM.
  • Pm-flag.png Panama, Mosfilmovskaya street, 50 building 1, +7 (495) 956-0729.
  • Pa-flag.png Paraguay, Koroviy Val street, 7/1, office 142, +7 (499) 230-1810 (, fax: +7 (499) 230-1810).
  • Pe-flag.png Peru, Smolensky Boulevard, 22/14, office 15, +7 (499) 248-7738, 248-6794, 248-2302, consulate – (499) 248-2766 (, fax: +7 (499) 248-0072). Mon-Fri 10AM - 5PM.
  • Rp-flag.png Philippines, 121099 Moscow, Karmanitsky pereulok 6/8, +7499 241-0563~65 (+7 906 738 2538, , fax: +7 499 241-2630), [94].
  • Pl-flag.png Poland, Klimashkina street, 4, +7 (495) 231-1500, visa issues – (495) 231-1573, 231-1552, 231-1554 (, fax: +7 (495) 231-1535, 254-2286). Mon-Fri 9-30AM - 1-00PM.
  • Po-flag.png Portugal, Botanitchesky Per, 1, +7 495 981-3410 (+7 495 981-3414, , fax: +7 (495) 981-3416, consulate - (495) 981-3415). Mon-Fri 9-30AM - 1-00PM.
  • Qa-flag.png Qatar, Koroviy Val street, 7, offices 196-198, +7 (495) 980-6916 (fax: +7 (495) 935-7670, 980-6917).
  • Cf-flag.png Republic of the Congo, Koroviy Val street, 7/1, +7 (495) 236-3368 (, fax: +7 (495) 236-4116).
  • Ro-flag.png Romania, Mosfilmovskaya street, 64 (Kievskaya metro station), +7 (499)143-0424, 143-0427, 143-0430, consulate – (499) 143-0350 (, fax: +7 (499) 143-1310). Mon, Wed, Fri 11-00AM - 1-00PM.
  • Sa-flag.png Saudi Arabia, 3-rd Neopalimovsky pereulok, 3, +7 (499) 245-2310 (, fax: +7 (499) 246-9471, 255-3463). Mon-Fri 9AM-3PM.
  • Sg-flag.png Senegal, Koroviy Val street, 7/1, offices 193, 194, 195, +7 (499) 230-2102, 230-2275 (fax: +7 (499) 230-2063). Mon-Fri 9-30AM - 5-30PM.
  • Flag of Serbia (state).png Serbia, Mosfilmovskaya street, 46, +7 (499) 147-4106, 147-9008, 147-4221, 147-4105 (, fax: +7 (499) 147-4104, (495) 937-9615). Mon-Fri 9AM-1PM.
  • Sl-flag.png Sierra Leone, Rublevskoye shosse, 26, building. 2, ap. 58, 59, +7 (495) 415-4166, 415-4124 (, fax: +7 (495) 415-2985, 415-4124).
  • Sn-flag.png Singapore, pereulok Kamennaya Sloboda, 5, +7 (499) 241-3702, 241-3913/14/02, 241-6428 (, fax: +7 (499) 241-7507). Mon-Fri 9AM - 5-30PM.
  • Lo-flag.png Slovakia, Yuliusa Fuchika street, 17/19 (Mayakovskaya or Belorusskaya metro station), +7 (495) 956-49-20, 250-1070, 250-1071, consulate – (495) 956-4923 (, fax: +7 (495) 250-1521, (499) 973-2081). Mon, Wed, Fri 9-00 - 12-00.
  • Si-flag.png Slovenia, Malaya Dmitrovka street, 14 building 1 (Pushkinskaya metro station), +7 (495) 694-1568, 737-3398 (, fax: +7 (495) 694-1568). Mon, Wed, Fri 10-00 - 12-00.
  • So-flag.png Somalia, Simferopolsky Boulevard, 7А, ap. 145, +7 (499) 317-1572, 317-0622 (, fax: +7 (499) 317-0622).
  • Sf-flag.png South Africa, Granatny pereulok, 1, building 9 (Tverskaya metro station), +7 (495) 926-1177 (, fax: +7 (495) 926-11-78/79).
  • Ks-flag.png South Korea, Plyuschikha street, 56 (Kievskaya metro station), +7 (495) 783-2727, consulate (495) 783-2717 (, fax: +7 (495) 783-2727, (495) 783-2797).
  • Sp-flag.png Spain, Bolshaya Nikitskaya street, 50/8, +7 495 690 29 93 (, fax: +7 (495) 691-9171), [95]. Mon-Fri 8AM-3PM.
  • Ce-flag.png Sri Lanka, Schepkina street, 24, building 1 (Prospekt Mira metro station), +7 (495) 688-1657/20, 688-1463 (, fax: +7 (495) 688-9872, 688-1757). Mon-Fri 9AM - 4-45PM.
  • Su-flag.png Sudan, Uspensky pereulok, 4A, +7 (495) 699-5461 (fax: +7 (495) 699-3342). Mon-Fri 9AM - 5-30PM.
  • Sw-flag.png Sweden, Mosfilmovskaya street, 60 (Kievskaya or Universitet metro station, trolleybuses 17 or 34), +7 (495) 937-9200, visa issues – 937-9201 (, fax: +7 (495) 937-9202, (visas) – (495) 937-9203, 937-9201). Mon-Fri 9-00 - 12-00.
  • Sz-flag.png Switzerland, pereulok Ogorodnoy Slobody, 2/5 (Chistye Prudy, Turgenevskaya, or Sretensky Boulevard metro station), +7 (495) 258-3830, 925-5322, 725-7750 (, fax: +7 (495) 621-2183). Mon-Fri 9-00 - 11-45.
  • Sy-flag.png Syria, Mansurovsky pereulok, 4 (Park Kultury metro station), +7 (495) 695-1048, (499) 766-9528 (fax: +7 (495) 956-3191). Mon-Fri 9-30AM - 3PM.
  • Tw-flag.PNG Taiwan (Consulate of Taipei-Moscow Economic and Cultural Cooperation Coordination Commission), Tverskaya street, 24/2, Korpus 1, Gate 4, 5F, +7 495 956-37-86~90, [96].
  • Ti-flag.png Tajikistan, Granatny pereulok, 13 (Barrikadnaya metro station), +7 (495) 690-6174, 690-4186, 690-3846, 690-4657 (, fax: +7 (495) 691-8998).
  • Tz-flag.png Tanzania, Pyatnitskaya street, 33 (Novokuznetskaya metro station), +7 (495) 953-0940, 953-8221 (, fax: +7 (495) 953-0785). Mon-Fri 9-00AM - 4-00PM.
  • Th-flag.png Thailand, Bolshaya Spasskaya street, 9 (Sukharevskaya metro station), +7 (495) 608-0856, 608-0817 (, fax: +7 (495) 690-5736). Mon-Fri 9AM - 1PM.
  • To-flag.png Togo, Gruzinsky pereulok, 3, ap. 227-228, +7 (495) 254-2012 (fax: +7 (495) 254-1965).
  • Ts-flag.png Tunisia, Malaya Nikitskaya street, 28/1, +7 (495) 691-2858, 691-2869, 691-6223 (, fax: +7 (495) 691-7588).
  • Tu-flag.png Turkey, 7th Rostovsky pereulok, 12 (Kievskaya metro station), +7 (495) 956-5595, consulate - (499) 246-1252 (, fax: +7 (495) 956-5597).
  • Tx-flag.png Turkmenistan, Filippovsky pereulok, 22 (Arbatskaya metro station), +7 (495) 691-6636, consulate – (495) 690-32-58, 695-37-16 (fax: +7 (495) 691-0935, consulate – (495) 691-6591).
  • Ug-flag.png Uganda, Koroviy Val street, 7/1, office 3, +7 (499) 230-2276, 238-0068 (, fax: +7 (499) 230-2131).
  • Up-flag.png Ukraine, Leontievsky pereulok, 18 (Tverskaya or Okhotny Ryad metro station), +7 (495) 629-3542, consulate – (495) 629-9742 (, fax: +7 (495) 629-46-81). Mon, Tue, Thu, Fri 8-00AM - 1-00PM.
  • Ae-flag.png United Arab Emirates, Ulofa Palme street, 4, +7 (499) 147-6286, (495) 234-4060, consulate: (499) 147-0066 (, fax: +7 (495) 234-4070). Summer: Mon-Fri 9-00 - 12-00.
  • Uk-flag.png United Kingdom (also represents interests of the Commonwealth countries), Smolenskaya Naberezhnaya 10, +7 495 956 7200 (fax: +7 495 956 7201), [97]. Summer: Mon-Fri: 0900-1300, 1400-1700, Winter: Mon-Fri: 0800-1200, 1300-1600.
  • Us-flag.png United States, Novinsky Boulevard, 21 (Barrikadnaya or Smolenskaya metro station), +7 495 728 50 00 (), [98].
  • Uy-flag.png Uruguay, Mytnaya street, 3 (Oktyabrskaya or Dobryninskaya metro station), +7 (499) 230-7765, consulate – (499) 230-7635 (, fax: +7 (499) 230-2949). Mon-Fri 11-00AM - 3-00PM.
  • Uz-flag.png Uzbekistan, Pogorelskiy pereulok, 12, +7 (499) 230-7552, 230-00-76, 230-00-78, consulate - (499) 230-00-32, 230-00-54 (fax: (499) 238-8918).
  • Ve-flag.png Venezuela, Bolshoy Karetny Pereulok, 13/15, +7 495 699-4042, 699-9561, 956-9100, 956-6108 (, fax: (495) 956-6108), [99]. Mon-Fri 10AM - 5PM.
  • Vm-flag.png Vietnam, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya street, 13 (Park Kultury or Frunzenskaya metro station, entrance from Rossolimo street), +7 495 245-1092, 245-0925, consulate – (495) 246-1383 (, fax: (499) 246-3121). Mon, Wed, Fri 9-30AM - 11-30AM.
  • Ym-flag.png Yemen, 2nd Neopalimovsky pereulok, 6, +7 (499) 246-0648, 246-4427 (fax: +7 (499) 246-1798). Mon-Fri 9AM - 3PM.
  • Za-flag.png Zambia, Prospekt Mira, 52A, +7 (495) 688-5001, 688-5083, 688-5092, 681-0752 (fax: +7 (495) 975-2056). Mon-Fri 9-30AM - 5PM.
  • Zi-flag.png Zimbabwe, Serpov pereulok, 6, +7 (499) 248-3150, 248-4367, 248-4364 (, fax: +7 (499) 248-1575). Mon-Fri 9-30AM - 4PM.

Get out

Since Moscow is the biggest transportation centre in Russia and one of main the points of entry for the foreign tourists, it is a convenient starting point for exploring much of European Russia. Even travelling through Moscow to Ukraine and some Caucasian and Central Asian countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan etc.) could be cheaper than direct flights from Europe/North America. Travel deals to Moscow are not rare and ticket prices are often pretty low within the former USSR.

  • Saint Petersburg - 13 different overnight trains leave Moscow for the 7 hr (or thereabouts) journey, arriving the next morning. You can either take the sleeper trains, which is a very interesting experience. Russians have a "train" culture, so it's very possible that you will meet your bunk mates and have a meal and drink with them. You can also take the high-speed Sapsan trains - they take about 4 hours, and the vistas rushing by are very lovely. You might even consider paying the extra money for a first class sleeper cabin which has two comfortable beds. Included in the price is a small snack for supper and breakfast. There is also an attendant for each carriage who is willing to make tea in classic metal and glass tea glasses. Very civilized way to travel.
  • Arkhangelskoye - One of the finest of Moscow Oblast's usadbas (estates) is only a short elektrichka ride away from Moscow and makes a fine day excursion.
  • Golden Ring - Old cities and towns rich in historical buildings, situated in the heartland of Muscovy Russia. There are many tourist companies organizing guided tours, but travellers with rudimentary knowledge of Cyrillic alphabet can do it independently. Many guidebooks are available in English.
  • Kubinka Tank Museum [145] - One of finest armour collections in the world. About one hour west of the city, accessible by local train (eletrichka), and take cab from the train station (200 rubel for one way). Earlier access was restricted, previously visitors had apply for a permit. Currently (August 2013), only a fotocopy of the visa and the passport is required for the engtrance (at least for EU cizitens). THe fee is 600 rubel + 600 rubel for foto for foreigners. Definitely worth the bother for any self-respecting tank buff.
  • Leninskiye Gorki - An old country estate, expropriated by the Communist authorities after 1917 and used by V. Lenin as his country residence when he became ill. Large museum, although pretty decrepit now.
  • Borodino battlefield - This is the site of the famous Battle of Borodino. Museum and national historic site [146]. Commuter trains from Belorussky Station; 2-3 daily, travel time about 2 hours.
  • Kulikovo Field - a historical area of famous 1380 Kulikovo battle against mongol invaders
  • Melikhovo (Chekhov's country house south of Moscow)
  • Sergiev Posad - Famous old Orthodox monastery (Troitse-Sergieva Lavra). Commuter trains from Yaroslavsky Station, several daily; travel time about 1 1/2 hours.
  • Kolomna - A nice medieval town (about 2 hrs from Moscow) with a number of very interesting churches and monasteries
  • Klin - A small town in Moscow Region hosting the House-Museum of Pyotr Tchaikovsky
  • New Jerusalem Resurrection Monastery - A monastery-fortress (male, working) with a number of museums inside and next to the walls: Wooden architecture museum, local history museum, Art and History museum etc. The monastery was founded in 1656 by Tzar Alexis II and Patriarch Nikon (his "cell", a three-storey house stands in the park outside the monastery walls) to resemble the original Jerusalem. The place is roughly between Novoierusalimskaya (15 min on foot) and Istra (15 min by bus) elektrichka stations, around 60 km from Moscow.
  • Savvino-Storozhevskiy monastery - A beautiful monastery with interesting history, closely connected to Russian Tzars. Commuter trains from Belorussky station to Zvenigorod, several daily; travel time about an hour, but the terminus of the elektrichka is 2 miles from the town, which boasts a number of historically significant churches itself, and about 3 miles from the monastery, which is on a nearby hill.
  • Dmitrov - A town about 65 km North from Moscow (trains from Savelovsky station, several daily, travel time 1 1/2 hours), on Moscow Channel, with old churches, interesting sculptures in the streets and a number of museums. Hot air balloon flights over Dmitrov area are possible.
  • Snegiri - Settlement about 40 km from Moscow (Volokolamskoe hwy) that boasts a monument to the Defense of Moscow during WW2, with a good collection of tanks, and a museum. Trains from Rizhsky Station, several daily, travel time about an hour.
  • Balakovo - about a 1000 km south-east from Moscow, a jewel on Volga river with nice natural sceneries, wonderful and cheap food, warm and hospital people. 21hrs train will take you directly from Moscow to Balakovo. Many Moscow inhabitants prefer to spend summer camping on the island Pustynniy Ostrov near Balakovo to enjoy warm beaches, fresh fish and vegetables, as well as to get rest in a quiet place after noisy Moscow life.

Routes through Moscow
END  W noframe E  VladimirYekaterinburg

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Create category