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 {{traveltopic}}   {{traveltopic}} 
   
−  Most countries in the world now use the metric system. Almost the only holdouts still using the old British Imperial system of weights and measures are the [[USA]] and [[Liberia]] (and [[Burma]] which uses yet another system). The [[United Kingdom]] and [[Canada]] are in a curious state halfway between Metrification and Imperial units, and while many things are measured in metric, you will still often encounter miles, pints, feet and stone during your visit. The only units the two systems have in common are time units from second to century.  +  Most countries in the world now use the metric system. 
   
−  We use "=" signs below, but all are approximate.  +  Almost the only holdouts are the [[USA]] and [[Liberia]] (using a version of the old British Imperial system of weights and measures with peculiarly shrunken measures) and [[Burma]] (which uses yet another system). 
 +  
 +  However, in June 2011, the Burmese government's Ministry of Commerce began discussing proposals to reform the measurement system in Burma and adopt the metric system used by most of its trading partners. 
 +  
 +  The [[United Kingdom]] and [[Canada]] (except the already fully metricated and francophone [[Quebec]]) are in a curious state halfway between metric and Imperial units and, while many things are measured in metric, you will still often encounter miles, pints, feet and stones during your visit. The only units the different systems have in common are time units from the second, through minutes, hours and days to centuries. 
 +  
 +  We use "=" signs below, but all are approximate. Note that there is spelling differences for the word "metre" and "litre" in American English, in which "metre" is called "meter" in the U.S., including "Kilometer" and "Litre" is called "Liter". In Addition, an "Tonne" is an "Metric Ton" to avoid confusion with the "Short Ton" which it's simply call an "Ton" in the US. 
   
 ==Temperature==   ==Temperature== 
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−  colspan="2" style="borderright:dotted blue 2px"←freezing  +  colspan="4" style="borderright:dotted blue 2px"←freezing 
 colspan="2" style="borderright:solid blue 2px"cold   colspan="2" style="borderright:solid blue 2px"cold 
 colspan="2" style="borderright:solid lightblue 2px"cool   colspan="2" style="borderright:solid lightblue 2px"cool 
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 ! style="borderright:dotted gray 1px"°C   ! style="borderright:dotted gray 1px"°C 
−   '''4'''  0  '''4'''  7  '''10'''  13  '''15'''  18  '''21'''  24  '''26'''  30  '''32'''  35  '''40'''  +   40 '''18'''  4  0  '''4'''  7  '''10'''  13  '''15'''  18  '''21'''  24  '''26'''  30  '''32'''  35  '''40''' 
  style="fontstyle:italic; lineheight:50%"    style="fontstyle:italic; lineheight:50%" 
 ! style="borderright:dotted gray 1px"°F   ! style="borderright:dotted gray 1px"°F 
−   '''25'''  32  '''40'''  45  '''50'''  55  '''60'''  65  '''70'''  75  '''80'''  85  '''90'''  95  '''104'''  +   40  '''0'''  25  32  '''40'''  45  '''50'''  55  '''60'''  65  '''70'''  75  '''80'''  85  '''90'''  95  '''104''' 
 }   } 
   
 {{infobox    {{infobox  
−  :'''100 °C''' — '''''212 °F''''' — water boils  +  :'''100 °C''' — '''''212 °F''''' — Water boils 
−  :'''37 °C''' — '''''98.6 °F''''' — human body temperature  +  :'''58 °C''' — '''''136 °F''''' — Highest temperature recorded on Earth 
−  :'''0 °C''' — '''''32 °F''''' — water freezes  +  :'''37 °C''' — '''''98.6 °F''''' — Human body temperature 
−  :'''18 °C''' — '''''0 °F''''' — ouch  +  :'''20 °C''' — '''''68 °F''''' — Room temperature 
−  :'''40 °C''' — '''''40 °F''''' — ''forty below zero!''  +  :'''0 °C''' — '''''32 °F''''' — Water freezes 
 +  :'''18 °C''' — '''''0 °F''''' — Ouch. Finnish people start to wear jackets. 
 +  :'''40 °C''' — '''''40 °F''''' — ''Forty below zero!'' 
 +  :'''89 °C''' — '''''129 °F''''' — Lowest temperature recorded on earth 
 +  :'''273.15 °C''' — '''''459.67 °F''''' — Absolute zero 
 }}   }} 
   
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 For those who are not used to Metric thermometers, there are a few ways to think about it...   For those who are not used to Metric thermometers, there are a few ways to think about it... 
   
−  '''Option 1''': From Metric (Celsius) to Fahrenheit, double the number and add 30. From Fahrenheit to Celsius, subtract 30 and divide in half. This is not exact and it won't work for much higher or lower temps, but it will be close enough to understand what the temperature is.  +  '''Option 1''': From Metric (Celsius) to Fahrenheit, double the number and add 30. From Fahrenheit to Celsius, subtract 30 and divide in half. This is not exact and it won't work for much higher or lower temperatures, but it will be close enough to understand what the temperature is. 
   
 '''Option 2''': A nice little poem to remember for Celsius...   '''Option 2''': A nice little poem to remember for Celsius... 
−  Zero is freezing  +  Zero is freezing. 
−  10 is not  +  10 is not. 
−  20 is warm  +  20 is warm. 
−  and 30 is hot  +  and 30 is hot! 
   
−  '''Option 3''': For the mathematically inclined: Fahrenheit=(C*1.8)+32. Celsius=(F32)/1.8  +  '''Option 3''': For the mathematically inclined or those with a calculator: Fahrenheit=(C*1.8)+32. Celsius=(F32)/1.8 
   
 ==Length and distance==   ==Length and distance== 
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 * 1 ounce = 28.54 grams   * 1 ounce = 28.54 grams 
 * 1 pound = 454 grams   * 1 pound = 454 grams 
−   +  * 1 [Short] Ton = .907 Tonne/Metric Tons 
−  For [[China]], the jing is almost exactly 500 grams.  +  * 1 Metric Ton/Tonne = 1.102 [Short] Ton 
 +  For [[China]], the jin is almost exactly 500 grams. 
   
 ==Surface area==   ==Surface area== 
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 == Volume ==   == Volume == 
− 
 
 The standard metric unit of volume is the litre.   The standard metric unit of volume is the litre. 
   
−  Many things, however, are measured in ml (millilitres) or equivalently in cc (cubic centimetres). Roughly, a teaspoon is 5 cc and a fluid ounce is 30 cc.  +  Many things, however, are measured in mL (millilitres, also abbreviated outside of Wikitravel as ml) or equivalently in cc (cubic centimetres). Roughly, a teaspoon is 5 cc and a fluid ounce is 30 cc. 
   
 In both the US and Imperial systems, 4 quarts = 1 gallon and 2 pints = 1 quart. However, the US units are smaller than Imperial counterparts. A US quart is 32 fluid ounces while Imperial is 40; a litre is in between at 35. A US gallon is 128 ounces or 3.78 litres, while an Imperial gallon is 160 ounces or 4.54 litres.   In both the US and Imperial systems, 4 quarts = 1 gallon and 2 pints = 1 quart. However, the US units are smaller than Imperial counterparts. A US quart is 32 fluid ounces while Imperial is 40; a litre is in between at 35. A US gallon is 128 ounces or 3.78 litres, while an Imperial gallon is 160 ounces or 4.54 litres. 
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 === Comparisons ===   === Comparisons === 
− 
 
 * 1 L of water weighs 1 kg. Since many liquids (milk, orange juice) are sold in litre containers it is easy to judge 1 L or 1 kg.   * 1 L of water weighs 1 kg. Since many liquids (milk, orange juice) are sold in litre containers it is easy to judge 1 L or 1 kg. 
   
 * 1 L is equivalent to a cube 10 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm.   * 1 L is equivalent to a cube 10 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm. 
   
−  * 1 Cubic m (1 m<sup>3</sup>) = 1000 litres. 1 m<sup>3</sup> of water weighs 1000 kg = 1 Tonne. Do not try to pick this up yourself!  +  * 1 Cubic m (1 m<sup>3</sup>) = 1000 litres. 1 m<sup>3</sup> of water weighs 1000 kg = 1 Tonne. 
   
 * In Europe, wine is usually sold in 750 mL (0.75 L) bottles (occasionally 700 mL or 1 L).   * In Europe, wine is usually sold in 750 mL (0.75 L) bottles (occasionally 700 mL or 1 L). 
   
 == Metric prefixes ==   == Metric prefixes == 
− 
 
 1 mm = 1 / 1000 metres, 1 mg = 1 / 1000 g, 1 mL = 1 / 1000 Litres.   1 mm = 1 / 1000 metres, 1 mg = 1 / 1000 g, 1 mL = 1 / 1000 Litres. 
   
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 1 km = 1000 metres, 1 kg = 1000 grams.   1 km = 1000 metres, 1 kg = 1000 grams. 
 +  
 +  ==See also== 
 +  *[[Wikitravel:Abbreviations]] 
 +  *[[Wikitravel:Measurements]] 
 +  
 +  [[Category: Technology]] 
 +  
 +  {{usabletopic}} 
 +  
 +  [[fi:Mittausjärjestelmät]] 