Earth : Oceania : Australia : Western Australia : Goldfields-Esperance : Menzies
Looking at Menzies today you wouldn't suspect that it was once a major town during the goldrush of the late 1800's. By the early 1900's the population was nearly 10,000 and the town had thirteen hotels, four churches and a brewery. When the gold ran out, so too did the fortunes of the town and with it the size of the population. Today the residents number a little more than two hundred and the handful original buildings still standing are all that remain from Menzies' previous grandeur.
While Menzies has enough interesting things to see on its own, many travellers pass through here on their way to the sculptures on Lake Ballard. Not as well known, though no less interesting, are the nearby Goongarrie railway cottages, Niagara Dam and Kookynie ghost town.
- Menzies Visitor Centre, Cnr Shenton & Browns St, ☎ +61 8 90242702 ([email protected]). 9AM-4:30PM. Runs just about every service in the town as well as proving info about Menzies and surrounding areas.
Menzies is 132km north of Kalgoorlie and 105km south of Leonora on the Goldfields Hwy. It passes right through the middle of town.
Menzies is not large and the majority of sights are along either side of a 300m stretch of Shenton St.
For such a small town, the places of interest in Menzies are surprisingly informative. Almost every building has an information board explaining the history and significance of what you are looking at. Dotted around the streets at relevant places are larger than life-size metal silhouette figures of miners, bakers, police, prostitutes and priests captioned with quotes from past residents that give a voice to bloodless names and dates.
- Former Lady Shenton Hotel. With a graceful façade befitting its name, the Lady Shenton was the preeminent hotel during Menzies' golden years. The stonewalled rear section form its humble beginnings in 1896. The foundations are said to conceal a time capsule coins and a newspaper. The hotel built its reputation and was extended several times under successive owners who, despite the hotels reputation, ended their tenure in bankruptcy. A fire in 1902 sparked an significant addition of the brick street frontage, including 5 bedrooms and a billiard room. The towns declining fortunes took the hotel down with it and it ceased trade in 1922. The visitors centre occupies the building now.
- Menzies Cemetery, (North-west of town, off Menzies-Sandstone Rd). Headstones spread over a wide area document the harshness of life in early days of the frontier township. Most of the graves here are from 1900 to 1910 when accidents, illness, alcoholism and Typhoid epidemics ended numerous hard lived lives. The names and dates on some headstones have been weathered unreadable by the passing of time but a dozen ornately cut tin headstones, unique to the area, have endured as defiant monuments to the ingenuity of people forced to make do with little, even in death.
- Original Menzies Hotel. The first hotel in town and the only one to have never caught fire. Now a private residence.
- Old bakers oven, Shenton St (In the vacant lot on the right of the Menzies Hotel). No one is certain when the oven was built, only that a succession of owners kept it in use till as recently as the 1940s. The tin shed bakehouse and accompanying store are long gone, leaving only a disintegrating block of bricks hung with a heavy iron door that must have seen a lot of loaves come out of it over the years.
- Former Railway Hotel (Menzies Hotel), 22 Shenton St. The last original pub left standing. It was renamed in 1990 but operated as the Railway Hotel since at least 1896. The present building is the hotels second iteration - built after the original wood and corrugated iron structure burnt down in 1902. It was known for having the cheapest beer in town.
- Railway Station, Walsh St. When the rail line was extended north from Kalgoorlie in 1898 the sizeable railway station was quickly built and for a while was the head of the line. Under the long green roof were separate offices for the station master and clerk, a lady's waiting room, public toilets, parcel room and ticket office divided by a central arched entrance. The local newspaper criticised its extravagance, nonetheless it was opened with much fanfare and brought in many goods, people and wealth to Menzies. The station stayed in service but declined over the years finally receiving its last train in 1974. The building is presently used by a mining company who've locked it away behind a fence to keeps visitors off the junk they are storing there, but you can walk around the perimeter and along the platform edge for a pretty good look.
- Tank Hill, Kensington St. The site of the town's previous and current water supply. There is not much to see up there but it's a good overview of the town when looking down.
- Town Hall, Shenton St. The most significant building in town started out far more diminutively in 1896 as council offices. Subsequent extensions completed by 1901 added the stone façade and clock tower, oddly without a clock for the first few years. In 1904 a clock was ordered from London, but the steamship SS Orizaba that held the clock ran aground off the coast of Fremantle. Though much of the cargo was salvaged, Menzies new clockface was not recovered and was thought to have sunk to the sea floor with the ship. The clock tower remained empty till 1999 when four new clock faces were built in Perth and installed to celebrate the Millennium.
- Old Post office, Shenton St. The original post office on this site was little more than a wood framed tent. A more substantial structure was built in 1896 on Brown Street, designed by legendary Public Works Architect George Temple-Poole. An extension was made in 1903 out to Shenton Street to provide enough room for the 26 staff. The towns decline led to its closure in 1952 where it became a private residence. The owners demolished the original Brown Street section, leaving the part you see today.
An icon of weird Australia are the 51 forlorn statues standing on the dazzlingly salt encrusted surface of Lake Ballard. The lake stretches for almost 100km but the nook that everyone visits is 51km from Menzies. The sculptures are the work of Britsh artist Antony Gormley who was commissioned to create the artwork for the 2003 Perth International Arts Festival. The figures began life as laser scans of current Menzies residents. Each scan was shrunk by two-thirds, creating truncated figures that were cast in an alloy containing molybdenum, vanadium and titanium - metals found in the local rock.
Most people tend to view them in early morning or late afternoon, not only because the low sun colours the hills a radiant orange and throws gangling shadows from the feet of sculpture and viewer alike, but mostly because the midday sun makes the scintillating surface of the lake unbearably hot. The viewing site begins at the base of a domed hill from which the sculptures radiate haphazardly outwards toward the horizon. The closer ones get the majority of visitors, making the area around them smudged with muddy foot prints. Avid photographers should head to the disregarded brothers on the outskirts where the pristine blanket of salt makes for more striking shots. During the day insistent flys are phenomenally abundant but they retreat after sundown. A net and/or repellent would make things more comfortable.
Other than walking around and having your photo taken with your arm around your new spindly metal friend, there isn't much else to do. A climb to the top of the domed hill at the entry provides a different perspective. A narrow path (steep in places) spirals up the side to the relatively flat hilltop. Snake hill is 3km further up the road and gives a wider view of the lake.
To get here from Menzies, take the Menzies-Sandstone Rd signposted from the Goldfields Hwy on the northern end of town. The road is unsealed but smooth enough to traverse without a 4WD. Custom Inside Australia signposts mark the way at 10km intervals.
Camp sites along the lakeside are available in specified areas. Facilities are not any more than a single "long drop" toilet and a couple of concrete fire-rings. A water tank is on site but you would be better of bringing your own. The same applies to food.
Few sights in the Goldfieds typifies the unbridled ambition the of Goldrush era than Niagra Dam. Prospectors drawn to the desert by their thirst for gold were all too often defeated by a thirst for water. The importance of a permanent water source, not only to quench the rapidly growing population as much as the equally demanding steam trains, was great enough to drive an engineering feat that, looking at it today, is difficult to believe was accomplished in 1897. The 18m high dam builds on a natural rock ridge that forms a natural reservoir, capped with the 173m long concrete wall. Construction materials had to be transported overland from Coolgardie by Afghan camel trains. This arduous trek was shortened later when the rail line extended to Menzies. A namesake town was established soon after construction began, intended to service the planned Leonora-Coolgardie rail line and nearby goldmines with water from the dam, but by the time of completion the gold had run out and town was in abrupt decline. After its completion in May 1897, the discovery of abundant underground water at Koolkynie made Niagara Dam all but irrelevant. With the decline of Niagara township and a less impressive than expected capacity, the dam ultimately was never utilised and it quickly faded to a historical oddity. Today it's popular camping spot and welcome chance to get wet in a region where salt lakes predominate.
Though rain is infrequent here, the dam fills quickly and always full enough to go for a swim. There a two short hiking trails around the dam and along the break away area. The site of the Niagara township is about 3km eastwards from the dam turnoff. A sign marks the spot where the short lived community once stood with four pubs on each corner of the crossroads of the only two streets in town. A wander across the rubbly ground will reveal lines of mud bricks, bottle fragments and other interesting detritus that, with a bit of imagination, show the lives of people.
To get here, head north on the Goldfields Hwy to the Kookynie turn off, 42km from from Menzies. The Niagara Dam turnoff is a further 16km.
There are maintained camp sites both above and below the dam wall. The lower sites are larger and quieter, though the sites up top are right on the water. There are toilets at each site and numerous concrete fire-rings. Food and drink are DIY. Bring your own firewood.
- Catch Yabbies, Niagara Dam. The dam is full of these delicious freshwater crustacean. Throw in a trap after lunch time and you will have dinner in a few hours.
- Fossick for relics. The people might have left the ghost towns but they left behind many things. Keep your eyes to the ground when walking about and you will find 100 year old bottles and rusting nails without much trouble.
Isolation and general smallness of most country towns hinder them from having abundant eating options. Menzies has even less.
Self-catering is a practical option though you will need to be prepared as there are no supermarkets in town. The Roadhouse and Menzies Hotel have a very limited range of tinned or dry groceries. Stocking up in Kalgoorlie or Leonora with enough supplies to keep you going till you reach the other side will avert an empty stomach.
If you can't be bothered cooking after the long drive you have a few options you can get a hot and readymade meal.
- Menzies Roadhouse, 29 Shenton St (Northern end). A short menu of hamburgers, pies, sandwiches and hot drinks. Most of it is prepared to order so there is a good chance of your egg and bacon burger being hot, if not entirely fresh.
The Menzies Hotel also has food to go with your beer.
Menzies once had 13 bars. That number has declined to a solitary choice, so if you are particular about your booze it would be prudent to BYO as the nearest bottle shop is a few hundred kilometres away.
- Menzies Hotel, 22 Shenton St, ☎ +61 8 9024 2043. The only pub left in town outlasted the others by a hundred years, so it cant be too bad. They have a limited range of beer, the bar lounge smells bit musty and shows its age but that's part of the charm of the outback pub. Depending on the season they may also serve counter meals that are said to be quite substantial. Meals $17.50.
Your options are limited.
- Menzies Caravan Park, Shenton St, ☎ +61 8 90242702; A/H +61 8 9024 2594. A spartan yard with the charm of a parking lot, it'll provide a secure spot to park your caravan and take a hot shower in the donga style ablutions. Tent dwellers looking for soft grass to pitch their home should bring a mattress or expect an uncomfortable night on the hard concrete slabs. Grass is coming soon, the park managers promise Powered $26; Unpowered $20.
- Menzies Hotel, 22 Shenton St, ☎ +61 8 9024 2043. The rooms in this historic hotel might look worn out and dated if you care about décor, but they are your only option for a bed. d $90; s $70.
Mobile phone coverage is limited to the Telstra 3G network, and only within town. The signal becomes variable to non-existent the further away you get. Coverage maps show it's possible to get a signal with an external antenna as far away as Lake Ballard, but you should not rely on it. Other networks aren't available in Menzies.
A satellite phone would be useful to have in an emergency if you intend to spend an extended amount of time off the beaten track.
Mobile internet on the Telstra 3G network has the same coverage as the phones do. The Visitors Centre have two internet connected computers you can get online for $2 for 15mins or $6.50 for an hour.
- Leonora - A comfortable place, close to the fascinating Gwalia ghost town.
- Kalgoorlie-Boulder - a booming gold mining town with enough history and vibrant to fill the giant hole in the ground where its fortune comes from.
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