Earth : Asia : South Asia : India : North-Eastern India : Meghalaya
Meghalaya (Abode of Clouds in Sanskrit) is one of the seven Northeastern states of India. It is bound by Assam in north and east and by Bangladesh in the south. River Brahmaputra (or Luit as called locally) forms the border in the west. It comprises of erstwhile Khasi-Jaintia hills and Garo hills districts of Assam. Most of the terrain is hilly and experiences heavy rainfall during monsoons. Meghalaya is home to three major tribal population - Khasis, Garos and Jaintias (in order of population).
The British came to Sylhet in 1765. At that time the Khasis used to come at Pandua on the border of Sylhet to trade in silk, cotton goods, iron, wax, honey and ivory in exchange for rice, salt and dried fish. Limestone from the Khasi hills used to fulfill the demand in Bengal then. Soon British officials of the East India Company began trading in limestone and thus came in contact with the Khasis. In 1824, the Burmese invaded Cachar and also appeared at the border of the Jaintia Hills. The British sent a small force to reinforce the Jaintia Rajah’s troops. On 10th March 1824, a friendship treaty was signed by the Rajah accepting the protection of the British. Other Khasi chiefs also allowed the passage of the British troops through their territories. After the Burmese invasion was over, the British demanded a corridor through the Khasi and the Jaintia Hills to connect Assam valley with Surma valley. Most of the Khasi chiefs agreed, and the road was completed in March 1829, but only after quelling an upheaval by U Tirot Sing. The story that followed after putting down the uprising by U Tirot Sing was the signing of several treaties with different Khasi chiefs. In 1862 the Jaintias revolted under U Kiang Nongbah. By virtue of these treaties, the British gradually took control of the mineral deposits and side by side subjugated the chiefs and also took control of judiciary.
Garo, Khasi & jaintia are the major languages spoken in addition to english. English is spoken all over the state at all urban areas.
Visa and Restricted Area information
No Inner Line Permit or Protected Area permit is required to enter Meghalaya.
One can get other tourism related information from the following address;-
Director of Tourism Nokrek Building Lower Lachumiere, Shillong - 793 001 Phone: 0364 - 2226054
MTDC Ltd. Orchid Hotel Polo Road, Shillong - 793 001 Phone: 0364 - 2224933
Tourist Information Centre Ulubari G.S. Road, Guwahati- 781001 Phone: 0361 - 2527276
MTDC Ltd. Meghalaya House 9, Russel Street, Calcutta- 700071 Phone: 033 - 22172009,22172802
Tourist Office Meghalaya House 9, Aurangzeb Road, New Delhi- 110011 Phone: 011 - 23015139,23015605.
Hotel Polo Tower's will be also a good place.