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'''Meghalaya''' ('''Abode of Clouds''' in ''Sanskrit'') is one of the seven [[North-East (India) |Northeastern]] states of [[India]]. It is bound by Assam in north and east and by Bangladesh in the south. River ''Brahmaputra'' (or ''Luit'' as called locally) forms the border in the west.  
+
{{pagebanner|Meghalaya Banner.jpg}}
It comprises of erstwhile ''Khasi-Jaintia hills'' and ''Garo hills'' districts of Assam. Most of the terrain is hilly and experiences heavy rainfall during monsoons.  
+
{{quickbar
Meghalaya is home to three major tribal population - '''Khasis, Garos and Jaintias''' (in order of population).  
+
|image=Meghalaya Abode of the Clouds India Nature in Laitmawsiang Landscape.jpg
==Districts==
+
|location=Meghalaya in India (disputed hatched).svg|
 
+
|flag=Flag of Meghalaya.png
*[[East Khasi Hills]]
+
|capital=[[Shillong]]
*[[West Khasi Hills]]
+
|government=Indian State
*[[Jaintia Hills]]
+
|currency=Indian rupee (INR)
*[[Ri Bhoi]]
+
|area=22,429 km<sup>2</sup>
*[[West Garo Hills]]
+
|population=2,964,007(2011 est.)
*[[East Garo Hills]]
+
|language='''Official''':English, Khasi, Garo<br>'''Regionally Spoken''':Nepali, Bengali, Hindi, Assamese, Marathi, Maram, Hajong, Rabha, Koch
*[[South Garo Hills]]
+
|religion=Christianity 70.25%, Hinduism 13.7%, Other 16.17%
 +
|electricity= 230V/50Hz, Indian (Old British)/European plugs
 +
|timezone=UTC +5:30
 +
}}
 +
'''Meghalaya''' (''Abode of Clouds'' in Sanskrit) is one of the seven [[North-East (India) |Northeastern]] states of [[India]]. It is bound by Assam in the north and east and by Bangladesh in the south. The river ''Brahmaputra'' (or ''Luit'' as called locally) forms the border in the west.  
 +
It comprises of erstwhile ''Khasi-Jaintia hills'' and ''Garo hills'' districts of Assam. Most of the terrain is hilly and the region experiences heavy rainfall during monsoons.  
 +
Meghalaya is home to three major tribal populations - '''Khasis, Garos and Jaintias''' (in order of population).  
  
 
==Cities==
 
==Cities==
 
* [[Shillong]] East Khasi Hills
 
* [[Shillong]] East Khasi Hills
* '''[[Tura (India)|Tura]], West Garo Hills
+
* [[Cherrapunji]]
* '''Nongstoin, West khasi Hills
+
* [[Mawlynnong]]
* '''Jowai, Jaintia Hills
+
* [[Tura (India)|Tura]], West Garo Hills
* '''Nongpoh, Ri Bhoi
 
* '''Williamnagar''', East Garo Hills
 
* '''Baghmara''', South Garo Hills
 
  
 
==Other destinations==
 
==Other destinations==
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
The British came to Sylhet in 1765. At that time the Khasis used to come at Pandua on the border of Sylhet to trade in silk, cotton goods, iron, wax, honey and ivory in exchange for rice, salt and dried fish. Limestone from the Khasi hills used to fulfill the demand in Bengal then. Soon British officials of the East India Company began trading in limestone and thus came in contact with the Khasis. In 1824, the Burmese invaded Cachar and also appeared at the border of the Jaintia Hills. The British sent a small force to reinforce the Jaintia Rajah’s troops. On 10th March 1824, a friendship treaty was signed by the Rajah accepting the protection of the British. Other Khasi chiefs also allowed the passage of the British troops through their territories. After the Burmese invasion was over, the British demanded a corridor through the Khasi and the Jaintia Hills to connect Assam valley with Surma valley. Most of the Khasi chiefs agreed, and the road was completed in March 1829, but only after quelling an upheaval by U Tirot Sing. The story that followed after putting down the uprising by U Tirot Sing was the signing of several treaties with different Khasi chiefs. In 1862 the Jaintias revolted under U Kiang Nongbah. By virtue of these treaties, the British gradually took control of the mineral deposits and side by side subjugated the chiefs and also took control of judiciary.
+
The British came to Sylhet in 1765. At that time the Khasis would go to Pandua on the border of Sylhet to trade in silk, cotton goods, iron, wax, honey and ivory in exchange for rice, salt and dried fish. Limestone from Khasi hills also fulfilled the demand in Bengal then. Soon, British officials of the East India Company began trading in limestone and thus came in contact with the Khasis. In 1824, the Burmese invaded Cachar and also appeared at the border of Jaintia Hills. The British sent a small force to reinforce the Jaintia Rajah’s troops. On 10th March 1824, a friendship treaty was signed by the Rajah accepting the protection of the British. Other Khasi chiefs also allowed the passage of the British troops through their territories. After the Burmese invasion was over, the British demanded a corridor through the Khasi and Jaintia Hills to connect Assam valley with Surma valley. Most of the Khasi chiefs agreed, and the road was completed in March 1829, but only after quelling an upheaval by U Tirot Sing. The story that followed after putting down the uprising by U Tirot Sing was the signing of several treaties with different Khasi chiefs. In 1862 the Jaintias revolted under U Kiang Nangbah. By virtue of these treaties, the British gradually took control of the mineral deposits and side by side, subjugated the chiefs and also took control of the judiciary.
  
 
==Talk==
 
==Talk==
'''Garo, Khasi & jaintia are the major languages spoken in addition to english.''' English is spoken all over the state at all urban areas.
+
'''Garo, Khasi & Jaintia''' are the major languages spoken in addition to English. English is spoken all over the state in all urban areas.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
 
===By plane===
 
===By plane===
Umroi airport, located around 35 KM from [[Shillong]] is the only airport in Meghalaya where commercial flights operate from. A limited number of Air India flights (ATR42 type) are available from Kolkata per week.  
+
Umroi airport, located around 35 KM from [[Shillong]] is the only airport in Meghalaya where commercial flights operate from. A limited number of Air India flights (ATR42 type) are available from Kolkata per week.
 +
 
 +
Guwahati airport (GAU), aka Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in neighboring Assam has many more scheduled flights to the region and may make for a more flexible, cheaper airport itinerary. It is about three hours away from Shillong by car.
 +
 
 +
===By helicopter===
 +
Pawan Hans Helicopter service is available between Guahati airport and Shillong Helipad.
  
 
===By train===
 
===By train===
Line 37: Line 45:
  
 
===By road===
 
===By road===
Shillong is connected with Guwahati by NH 40. Various modes of transport including Shared taxis, Buses and private cabs ply on this route.
+
Shillong is connected with Guwahati by NH 40. Various modes of transport including Shared taxis, Buses and private cabs ply on this route. The roads are good, it will take 2.50 hours in an automobile.
  
 
===Visa and Restricted Area information===
 
===Visa and Restricted Area information===
Line 45: Line 53:
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
  
*Any Meghalaya Excursion should start from Shillong or Guwahati for convenience. Local Non-AC Buses, Share Sumos connect several parts of Meghalaya and other destinations of North East. Though cheap but these buses are infrequent and inconvenient for both domestic and foreign travelers. Best is to hire a taxi for a day and cover your destination.Standard Maruti 800 Taxis costs about INR 1200(with fuel) for standard day excursions(Mawsynram, Cherrapunjee, Nartiang) as on Nov 2008. One will have to negotiate if you want to explore more other than regular tourist sites.Shillong City Tour costs about INR 500-700. Being a small state destinations are not very far apart in regular tourist circuit. So retaining a car is not a cost effective idea. If one visits Orchid Lake Resort or Cherrapunjee Resort, cars are not readily available from these offbeat spots.So plan your itinerary in advance and accordingly make arrangements from Shillong for pick up from the resorts in the return leg.Otherwise, you may have to face delays. As tourism initiatives are mostly limited to Shillong and East Khasi Hills, travellers to Garo Hills(Tura, Williamsnagar),Jaitia Hills(Jowai), West Khasi Hills(Nongstoin) should plan their route/itinerary considering the lack of proper tourism infrastructure(Fooding/Lodging/Transport/Road).
+
*Any Meghalaya excursion should start from Shillong or Guwahati for convenience. Local Non-AC buses and share Sumos connect several parts of Meghalaya and other destinations of North East. Though cheap, these buses are infrequent and inconvenient for both domestic and foreign travelers. Best is to hire a taxi for a day and cover your destination. Standard Maruti 800 Taxis costs about INR 1200 (with fuel) for standard day excursions (Mawsynram, Cherrapunjee, Nartiang) as on Nov 2008. One will have to negotiate if you want to explore more other than regular tourist sites. Shillong City Tour costs about INR 500-700. Being a small state, destinations are not very far apart in regular the tourist circuit, so retaining a car is not a cost effective idea. If one visits Orchid Lake Resort or Cherrapunji Resort, cars are not readily available from these offbeat spots. Plan your itinerary in advance and, accordingly, make arrangements from Shillong for pick up from the resorts in the return leg. Otherwise you may have to face delays. As tourism initiatives are mostly limited to Shillong and East Khasi Hills, travellers to Garo Hills(Tura, Williamsnagar),Jaitia Hills(Jowai), West Khasi Hills (Nongstoin) should plan their route/itinerary considering the lack of proper tourism infrastructure (Food/Lodging/Transport/Road).
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
Line 54: Line 62:
 
* '''Barapani'''
 
* '''Barapani'''
 
* '''Umiam Lake'''
 
* '''Umiam Lake'''
* [[Cherrapunji]]
 
 
* '''South Garo Hills, Pitcher Plant sanctuary, Siju Caves'''  
 
* '''South Garo Hills, Pitcher Plant sanctuary, Siju Caves'''  
 
* '''Balpakram National Park'''
 
* '''Balpakram National Park'''
* '''Nokrek National Park''
+
* '''Nokrek National Park'''
 +
 
 +
*<see name="Don Bosco Centre for Indigenous Cultures" alt="" address="Mawlai, Shillong" directions="" phone="+913642550260" url="http://www.dbcic.org" hours="9am-5:30pm" price="60" lat="" long="">Don Bosco Museum is a major tourists' spot providing a glimpse of the rich and multi-cultural lifestyles of the indigenous peoples of North East India.</see>
 +
 
 
===Itineraries===
 
===Itineraries===
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
 +
 +
Police bazaar in the heart of Shillong is a busy market with a large pedestrian area.
 +
 +
Shillong is a great hub for day trips nearby, such as trekking around the living root bridges and sacred forests.
 +
 +
==Buy==
 +
 +
The Khasi, Garo and Jaintia have a rich craftsmanship and art heritage. In the Jaintia and Khasi districts, Artistic weaving, wood-carving and cane and bamboo work are major crafts. While carpet and silk weaving and  musical instruments, jewelry and pineapple fibre articles are minor but popular crafts. Popular handicrafts of the Garo hills district are artistic weaving, cane and bamboo work including poker work( in which designs are burnt into the bamboo with a red-hot pointed rod),wood carving, jewelry and as well as clay toys, dolls and musical instruments.
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
Line 70: Line 88:
 
The Garo cuisine is simple to cook with different variations adding richness to the flavour. One of the most popular dishes among the Garos is the '''Nakham Bitchi''' dish, which is prepared from special dry fish, chillies and a pinch of soda. This is a hot spicy soup and is usually served with rice, together with some other fish or meat dish, usually boiled with yam, pumpkin, gourd, chillies and a dash of bamboo ash water.  These dishes are sometimes cooked wrapped in leaves or in fresh bamboo cylinders over an open fire, thereby infusing the food with the flavour of the leaves and green bamboo. Also popular among the Khasi, Jaintia and Garos is fish and meat preserved either by drying in the sun or smoking over fire. A variety of chutneys prepared from different types of herbs, fermented soya bean and fermented fish always accompany the meals.
 
The Garo cuisine is simple to cook with different variations adding richness to the flavour. One of the most popular dishes among the Garos is the '''Nakham Bitchi''' dish, which is prepared from special dry fish, chillies and a pinch of soda. This is a hot spicy soup and is usually served with rice, together with some other fish or meat dish, usually boiled with yam, pumpkin, gourd, chillies and a dash of bamboo ash water.  These dishes are sometimes cooked wrapped in leaves or in fresh bamboo cylinders over an open fire, thereby infusing the food with the flavour of the leaves and green bamboo. Also popular among the Khasi, Jaintia and Garos is fish and meat preserved either by drying in the sun or smoking over fire. A variety of chutneys prepared from different types of herbs, fermented soya bean and fermented fish always accompany the meals.
  
 
+
*<eat name="FOODPLUS" alt="" address="Laban Last Stop Taxi Stand" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Fastfood joint and Motel</eat>
*<eat name="FOODPLUS" alt="" address="Laban Last Stop Taxi Stand" directions="" phone="" url="" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Fastfood joint Cum Motel</eat>
 
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
{{style}}
 
  
* '''Hotel Alpine Continental''',3 Star, Shillong [http://www.alpinecontinental.com]email: [email protected] Kolkata Office: 09831220761
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==Get out==
* '''Lake View Inn''', MG Road, [http://www.lakeviewinnshillong.com]. Kolkata Office: 09831220761
 
* '''Hotel Micasa. Shillong'''
 
* '''Hotel Broadway. Shillong'''
 
* '''Hotel Pineborrough. Shillong'''
 
* '''Orchid Lake Resort. Umiam Lake(Barapani), 16 KM from Shillong towards Guwahati.'''
 
* '''Cherrapunjee Resort''', [http://www.cherrapunjee.com]
 
*FOODPLUS,''FOODING CUM LODGING'', Laban Last Stop Taxi Stand,Shillong. Ph:09863083167
 
  
'''Hotel Polo Tower's''' will be also a good place.
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[[de:Meghalaya]]
 
 
==Get out==
 
 
[[it:Meghalaya]]
 
[[it:Meghalaya]]
 
{{isPartOf|North-Eastern_India}}
 
{{isPartOf|North-Eastern_India}}
 
[[WikiPedia:Meghalaya]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Meghalaya]]
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}

Latest revision as of 15:53, 14 June 2017

Meghalaya
Location
Meghalaya in India (disputed hatched).svg
Flag
Flag of Meghalaya.png
Quick Facts
Capital Shillong
Government Indian State
Currency Indian rupee (INR)
Area 22,429 km2
Population 2,964,007(2011 est.)
Language Official:English, Khasi, Garo
Regionally Spoken:Nepali, Bengali, Hindi, Assamese, Marathi, Maram, Hajong, Rabha, Koch
Religion Christianity 70.25%, Hinduism 13.7%, Other 16.17%
Electricity 230V/50Hz, Indian (Old British)/European plugs
Time Zone UTC +5:30

Meghalaya (Abode of Clouds in Sanskrit) is one of the seven Northeastern states of India. It is bound by Assam in the north and east and by Bangladesh in the south. The river Brahmaputra (or Luit as called locally) forms the border in the west. It comprises of erstwhile Khasi-Jaintia hills and Garo hills districts of Assam. Most of the terrain is hilly and the region experiences heavy rainfall during monsoons. Meghalaya is home to three major tribal populations - Khasis, Garos and Jaintias (in order of population).

Cities[edit]

Other destinations[edit]

Understand[edit]

The British came to Sylhet in 1765. At that time the Khasis would go to Pandua on the border of Sylhet to trade in silk, cotton goods, iron, wax, honey and ivory in exchange for rice, salt and dried fish. Limestone from Khasi hills also fulfilled the demand in Bengal then. Soon, British officials of the East India Company began trading in limestone and thus came in contact with the Khasis. In 1824, the Burmese invaded Cachar and also appeared at the border of Jaintia Hills. The British sent a small force to reinforce the Jaintia Rajah’s troops. On 10th March 1824, a friendship treaty was signed by the Rajah accepting the protection of the British. Other Khasi chiefs also allowed the passage of the British troops through their territories. After the Burmese invasion was over, the British demanded a corridor through the Khasi and Jaintia Hills to connect Assam valley with Surma valley. Most of the Khasi chiefs agreed, and the road was completed in March 1829, but only after quelling an upheaval by U Tirot Sing. The story that followed after putting down the uprising by U Tirot Sing was the signing of several treaties with different Khasi chiefs. In 1862 the Jaintias revolted under U Kiang Nangbah. By virtue of these treaties, the British gradually took control of the mineral deposits and side by side, subjugated the chiefs and also took control of the judiciary.

Talk[edit]

Garo, Khasi & Jaintia are the major languages spoken in addition to English. English is spoken all over the state in all urban areas.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Umroi airport, located around 35 KM from Shillong is the only airport in Meghalaya where commercial flights operate from. A limited number of Air India flights (ATR42 type) are available from Kolkata per week.

Guwahati airport (GAU), aka Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport in neighboring Assam has many more scheduled flights to the region and may make for a more flexible, cheaper airport itinerary. It is about three hours away from Shillong by car.

By helicopter[edit]

Pawan Hans Helicopter service is available between Guahati airport and Shillong Helipad.

By train[edit]

There are no railway lines in Meghalaya. Guwahati is the nearest railway station located around 104 KM from Shillong.

By road[edit]

Shillong is connected with Guwahati by NH 40. Various modes of transport including Shared taxis, Buses and private cabs ply on this route. The roads are good, it will take 2.50 hours in an automobile.

Visa and Restricted Area information[edit]

No Inner Line Permit or Protected Area permit is required to enter Meghalaya. Meghalaya government maintains a very useful site [2] which contains a lot of resources for tourists

Get around[edit]

  • Any Meghalaya excursion should start from Shillong or Guwahati for convenience. Local Non-AC buses and share Sumos connect several parts of Meghalaya and other destinations of North East. Though cheap, these buses are infrequent and inconvenient for both domestic and foreign travelers. Best is to hire a taxi for a day and cover your destination. Standard Maruti 800 Taxis costs about INR 1200 (with fuel) for standard day excursions (Mawsynram, Cherrapunjee, Nartiang) as on Nov 2008. One will have to negotiate if you want to explore more other than regular tourist sites. Shillong City Tour costs about INR 500-700. Being a small state, destinations are not very far apart in regular the tourist circuit, so retaining a car is not a cost effective idea. If one visits Orchid Lake Resort or Cherrapunji Resort, cars are not readily available from these offbeat spots. Plan your itinerary in advance and, accordingly, make arrangements from Shillong for pick up from the resorts in the return leg. Otherwise you may have to face delays. As tourism initiatives are mostly limited to Shillong and East Khasi Hills, travellers to Garo Hills(Tura, Williamsnagar),Jaitia Hills(Jowai), West Khasi Hills (Nongstoin) should plan their route/itinerary considering the lack of proper tourism infrastructure (Food/Lodging/Transport/Road).

See[edit][add listing]

  • Shillong Peak
  • Elephanta Falls
  • Wards Lake
  • Lady Hydari Park
  • Barapani
  • Umiam Lake
  • South Garo Hills, Pitcher Plant sanctuary, Siju Caves
  • Balpakram National Park
  • Nokrek National Park
  • Don Bosco Centre for Indigenous Cultures, Mawlai, Shillong, +913642550260, [1]. 9am-5:30pm. Don Bosco Museum is a major tourists' spot providing a glimpse of the rich and multi-cultural lifestyles of the indigenous peoples of North East India. 60.  edit

Itineraries[edit]

Do[edit][add listing]

Police bazaar in the heart of Shillong is a busy market with a large pedestrian area.

Shillong is a great hub for day trips nearby, such as trekking around the living root bridges and sacred forests.

Buy[edit][add listing]

The Khasi, Garo and Jaintia have a rich craftsmanship and art heritage. In the Jaintia and Khasi districts, Artistic weaving, wood-carving and cane and bamboo work are major crafts. While carpet and silk weaving and musical instruments, jewelry and pineapple fibre articles are minor but popular crafts. Popular handicrafts of the Garo hills district are artistic weaving, cane and bamboo work including poker work( in which designs are burnt into the bamboo with a red-hot pointed rod),wood carving, jewelry and as well as clay toys, dolls and musical instruments.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Rice is the staple food and different varieties from the red rice to the sticky glutinous rice are grown and eaten in Meghalaya. The red rice from the Sung Valley is known to be particularly delicious. Pork in every form is enjoyed by all three communities. The Khasi and Jaintia cuisine are similar and use black sesame seeds to add a distinctive taste to the pork and other dishes. A cold salad of shredded pork with onions and ginger is also very popular.

During the early monsoon, different varieties of mushroom sprout all over the Jaintia and Khasi Hills and these make their way to the local markets. The mushrooms are either cooked in combination with the meat dishes or just fried lightly on its own Rice is cooked either plain or in combination with onions, ginger and turmeric, giving it the characteristic yellow colour this is known as 'jastem'. Another variation is the 'jadoh' which is rice cooked with meat, (namely pork). Rice cakes called 'putharo and the drier flaky 'pumaloi are prepared from rice flour. Another variety is the deep fried jaggery sweetened pukhiein and steamed pusla usually eaten as snacks with tea.

The Garo cuisine is simple to cook with different variations adding richness to the flavour. One of the most popular dishes among the Garos is the Nakham Bitchi dish, which is prepared from special dry fish, chillies and a pinch of soda. This is a hot spicy soup and is usually served with rice, together with some other fish or meat dish, usually boiled with yam, pumpkin, gourd, chillies and a dash of bamboo ash water. These dishes are sometimes cooked wrapped in leaves or in fresh bamboo cylinders over an open fire, thereby infusing the food with the flavour of the leaves and green bamboo. Also popular among the Khasi, Jaintia and Garos is fish and meat preserved either by drying in the sun or smoking over fire. A variety of chutneys prepared from different types of herbs, fermented soya bean and fermented fish always accompany the meals.

  • FOODPLUS, Laban Last Stop Taxi Stand. Fastfood joint and Motel  edit

Drink[edit][add listing]

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Get out[edit]

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