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{{pagebanner|Mediterranean Turkey Banner.jpg}}
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[[Image:Gelidonia.jpg|thumb|320px|The lighthouse on the Cape Taşlık (Gelidonia), which juts out towards the Mediterranean south of Antalya]]
  
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'''Mediterranean Turkey''' (''Akdeniz Bölgesi'') is a region in [[Turkey]]. It occupies entire southern coast of Turkey and some places more inland.
  
'''Mediterranean Turkey''' (''Akdeniz Bölgesi'') is a region in [[Turkey]]. It occupies entire southern coast of Turkey and some places more inland.
 
[[Image:Gelidonia.jpg|thumb|320px|The lighthouse on the Cape Taşlık (Gelidonia), which juts out towards the Mediterranean south of Antalya]]
 
 
==Regions==
 
==Regions==
* [[Cilician Mountains]] — mostly rural part wth beautiful verdant mountain scenery dotted by ancient citadels, all just a stone throw away from hundreds of kilometres of almost totally deserted beaches
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* [[Antalya Province]] — the shining gem of the Turquoise Riviera with some of the clearest waters and most beautiful coast along the Mediterranean
* [[Cilician Plains]] (''Çukurova'') — the largest lowland of the country with some rocky hills topped by Crusader citadels as well as sites with Biblical importance
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* [[Cilician Plains]] (''Çukurova'', Adana and Osmaniye Provinces) — the largest lowland of the country with some rocky hills topped by Crusader citadels
* [[Hatay]] — the southeastern part of the region which extends towards [[Syria]], and annexed to Turkey in 1939, almost two decades after the Republic was found, and therefore still maintains its [[Middle East|Mideast]]-influenced culture and great cuisine
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* [[Hatay Province]] — the southeastern part of the region which extends towards [[Syria]]. Annexed to Turkey in 1939, almost two decades after the Republic was found, this province still maintains its [[Middle East|Mideast]]-influenced culture and great cuisine.
* [[Lakes District]] (''Göller Yöresi'') — with many lakes little and big, this inland region is substantially different from coastal Mediterranean
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* [[Lakes District]] (''Göller Yöresi'', Isparta and Burdur Provinces) — with many lakes little and big, this inland region is substantially different from coastal Mediterranean
* [[Lycia]] — rugged and heavily wooded, with many turquoise coves heavily indendating towards the land; this is the "blue voyage" country backed by impressive Lycian ruins and stunning landscapes
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* [[Mersin Province]] — with hundreds of kilometers of coastline lying in front of pine covered mountains dotted with ancient citadels, this province is a less-traveled alternative rich in history to Antalya Province
* [[Pamphylia]] — mainly a mass tourism destination, this is the shining gem of the Turkish Riviera with some of the clearest waters and longest sandy beaches along the Mediterranean; there are more than a few things to catch the glimpse of history lovers, too.
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* [[Western Lycia]] (southern half of Muğla Province) — centred around large touristy towns of Marmaris and Fethiye, the region is rugged and wooded, with many coves heavily indendating towards the land; this is the "blue voyage" country with Lycian ruins here and there
  
 
==Cities==
 
==Cities==
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* [[Adana]] — one of the biggest cities in the country, a riverside city with some industry
 
* [[Adana]] — one of the biggest cities in the country, a riverside city with some industry
 
* [[Alanya]] — town east of Antalya with some history to see and beaches to swim
 
* [[Alanya]] — town east of Antalya with some history to see and beaches to swim
* [[Antakya]] (also known as '''Antioch''') — great food and history near the Syrian border; the home of '''Mosaic Museum''' with a rich Roman collection
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* [[Antakya]] (also known as '''Antioch''') — Great food and history near the Syrian border
 
* [[Fethiye]] — nestled on the tip of a gulf perfect for yachting, this town and its vicinity offers sports like paragliding or hiking (the [[Lycian Way]])
 
* [[Fethiye]] — nestled on the tip of a gulf perfect for yachting, this town and its vicinity offers sports like paragliding or hiking (the [[Lycian Way]])
 
* [[Kaş]] — an unspoiled resort town with traditional architecture in the southwest of the region
 
* [[Kaş]] — an unspoiled resort town with traditional architecture in the southwest of the region
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* [[Narlıkuyu|Heaven and Hell]] — a geological curiosity, two large chasms next to each other located 4 km inland from sea shore
 
* [[Narlıkuyu|Heaven and Hell]] — a geological curiosity, two large chasms next to each other located 4 km inland from sea shore
 
* [[Kayaköy]] — ghost town with plenty of hiking opportunities in the surrounding area
 
* [[Kayaköy]] — ghost town with plenty of hiking opportunities in the surrounding area
* [[Kemer]] - A resort town 45km south of Antalya.  [[Olympos (Turkey)|Olympos]] Teleferik is close to Kemer
 
 
* [[Manavgat|Manavgat Waterfalls]] — waterfalls near Antalya
 
* [[Manavgat|Manavgat Waterfalls]] — waterfalls near Antalya
 
* [[Ölüdeniz]] — the "Blue Lagoon", picture of which is perhaps the most used image on travel brochures about Turkey
 
* [[Ölüdeniz]] — the "Blue Lagoon", picture of which is perhaps the most used image on travel brochures about Turkey
 
* [[Olympos (Turkey)|Olympos]] — backpacker destination with tree-houses in the forest near a pebble beach and Roman ruins, also featuring a rich nightlife
 
* [[Olympos (Turkey)|Olympos]] — backpacker destination with tree-houses in the forest near a pebble beach and Roman ruins, also featuring a rich nightlife
 
* [[Kınık|Xanthos and Letoon]] — ruins of the capital city of ancient Lycia, a [[UNESCO World Heritage Site]]
 
* [[Kınık|Xanthos and Letoon]] — ruins of the capital city of ancient Lycia, a [[UNESCO World Heritage Site]]
* [[Patara]] — Quiet town with sandy beach and Roman ruins
 
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
Mediterranean coast of Turkey is mostly a narrow strip of land squeezed in between pine-covered Taurus Mountains (''Toros'') and the Mediterranean Sea. Having been spared from pollution thanks to the lack of heavy industry, lying under one of the sunniest skies of [[Europe]], together with its rich art and history, make the region the top tourism destination in the country.
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Mediterranean coast of Turkey is mostly a narrow strip of land squeezed in between pine-covered Taurus Mountains (''Toros'') and the Mediterranean Sea. Having speared from pollution thanks to the lack of heavy industry, besides lying under one of the sunniest skies of [[Europe]] in addition to the rich art and history makes the region top tourism destination in the country.
  
 
===History===
 
===History===
Home to a number of ancient civilizations, namely Lycia, Pamphylia, and Cilicia west to east, Mediterranean Turkey was captured by the Romans about a century before the birth of Christ. After a brief occupation by the Crusaders on their way to [[Jerusalem]], as evidenced by a number of Crusader-built or -expanded citadels mainly on the eastern sections of the region, and a number of Crusader-backed Armenian kingdoms, Turkic Seljuqs seized the region. It was during this era when the ancestors of most of the region's locals poured in from [[Central Asia]] as nomadic tribes. Some still keep the tradition to this day, wintering on the warm coast and heading for heights of Taurus Mountains or plateaus of [[Central Anatolia]] more inland to the north when summer approaches with their goat and sheep herds. Seljuqs were later replaced by Ottomans in around 1400s.
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Home to a number of ancient civilizations, namely Lycia, Pamphylia, and Cilicia west to east, Mediterranean Turkey was captured by the Romans about a century before the birth of Christ. After a brief occupation by the Crusaders on their way to [[Jerusalem]], as evidenced by a number of Crusader-built or -expanded citadels mainly on the eastern sections of the region, and a number of Crusader-backed Armenian kingdoms, Turkic Seljuqs seized the region. It was during this era when the ancestors of most of the region's locals poured in from [[Central Asia]] as nomadic tribes. Some still keep the tradition to this day, wintering on the warm coast and heading for heights of Taurus Mountains or plateaus of [[Central Anatolia]] more inland to the north when summer approaches with their goat and camel caravans. Seljuqs were later replaced by Ottomans in around 1400s.
  
 
===Climate===
 
===Climate===
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Water temperature of the Mediterranean Sea is around 28°C during summer, i.e. May through October.
 
Water temperature of the Mediterranean Sea is around 28°C during summer, i.e. May through October.
 
Inland [[Lakes District]] has an altogether different continental climate than the rest of the region, and the winters can be severe and quite snowy there.
 
  
 
==Talk==
 
==Talk==
The region is home to a plethora of [[Turkish phrasebook|Turkish]] dialects, from ''Muğla şivesi'', some of which is totally incomprehensible for non-local Turks spoken in [[Lycia]] to the dialect of [[Cilician Mountains]], which is essentially a mainland "extension" of [[Northern Cyprus|Cypriot]] Turkish. Syrian dialect of [[Arabic phrasebook|Arabic]] is also prevalent around [[Antakya]].
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The region is home to a plethora of [[Turkish phrasebook|Turkish]] dialects, from ''Muğla şivesi'', some of which is totally incomprehensible for non-local Turks spoken in [[Western Lycia]] to the dialect of [[Mersin Province]], which is essentially a mainland "extension" of [[Northern Cyprus|Cypriot]] Turkish. Syrian dialect of [[Arabic phrasebook|Arabic]] is also prevalent around [[Antakya]].
  
However, thanks to heavy tourism, English will likely be enough to communicate during your trip, especially in the western parts of the region (i.e. [[Pamphylia]] and [[Lycia]]) and especially if you don't intend to go off the beaten path. [[German phrasebook|German]], [[Russian phrasebook|Russian]], and [[Scandinavia]]n languages may also be helpful, especially when you visit one of the resort towns mainly frequented by those nations.
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However, thanks to heavy tourism, English will likely be enough to communicate during your trip, especially in the western parts of the region (i.e. [[Antalya Province]] and [[Western Lycia]]) and especially if you don't intend to go off the beaten path. [[German phrasebook|German]], [[Russian phrasebook|Russian]], and [[Scandinavia]]n languages may also be helpful, especially when you visit one of the resort towns mainly frequented by those nations.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
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* '''By train''' — [[Adana]] has daily direct passenger train services from both [[Istanbul]] and [[Ankara]] (and a number of other cities on the way, such as [[Konya]]), while [[Isparta]] and [[Burdur]] has services from [[Izmir]]. There is also a once-weekly connection between [[Mersin]], and [[Adana]] and [[Aleppo]] in [[Syria]].
 
* '''By train''' — [[Adana]] has daily direct passenger train services from both [[Istanbul]] and [[Ankara]] (and a number of other cities on the way, such as [[Konya]]), while [[Isparta]] and [[Burdur]] has services from [[Izmir]]. There is also a once-weekly connection between [[Mersin]], and [[Adana]] and [[Aleppo]] in [[Syria]].
 
* '''By bus''' — All cities and a good number of towns, especially those with touristical importance, have direct bus connections from all big cities of the country.
 
* '''By bus''' — All cities and a good number of towns, especially those with touristical importance, have direct bus connections from all big cities of the country.
* '''By private taxi''' — You can reach also to [[antalya province[https://www.voyagetransfers.com Antalya taxi]]] province by private taxi service in turkey with affordable prices.
 
 
* '''By car''' — The region is connected to the northern parts of the country by a number of highways, though passes that the roads have to go through when running over Taurus Mountains mean that the roads may have more windings and be narrower than usual motorways. However, O-21 north of [[Adana]]/[[Mersin]], is an exception as it is a wide motorway with separated directions.
 
* '''By car''' — The region is connected to the northern parts of the country by a number of highways, though passes that the roads have to go through when running over Taurus Mountains mean that the roads may have more windings and be narrower than usual motorways. However, O-21 north of [[Adana]]/[[Mersin]], is an exception as it is a wide motorway with separated directions.
 
* '''By boat''' — There are ferries from [[Northern Cyprus]] to a number of coastal towns. See also [[Ferries in the Mediterranean]].
 
* '''By boat''' — There are ferries from [[Northern Cyprus]] to a number of coastal towns. See also [[Ferries in the Mediterranean]].
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
===By public transport===
 
'''Buses''' (for long-haul routes such as [[Antalya]] to [[Adana]]) and '''minibuses''' (for shorter routes between a major city and nearby towns) will be your main mode of transportation within the region. Services are fairly frequent and quite comfortable, and especially so in more touristed areas of [[Lycia]] and [[Pamphylia]].
 
 
'''Train''' service in the region is limited to [[Cilician Plains]] with a branch line south to [[Iskenderun]] in [[Hatay]]. [[Lakes District]] also has a (nowadays mostly unused) line stretching out to [[Aegean Turkey|northwest]].
 
 
There is no long-haul '''ferry''' route along the coast, however, round boat trips offer pleasant cruises into remoter parts of the coastline from major touristy towns.
 
 
There are no '''flights''' between region's airports.
 
  
 
===By car===
 
===By car===
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==See==
 
==See==
[[Image:Mamure.jpg|thumb|250px|Mamure Castle near [[Anamur]]]]
 
 
 
* '''Ruins''' — The region is dotted by many ancient city ruins. Most date back to indigenous civilizations of the region, which were expanded or rebuilt by Romans later.
 
* '''Ruins''' — The region is dotted by many ancient city ruins. Most date back to indigenous civilizations of the region, which were expanded or rebuilt by Romans later.
 
* '''Citadels''' — Being on the strategic main route between [[Europe]] and [[Middle East]], there are also lots of citadels in the region, either surrounding the cities or in a valley or on a rocky hill to defend the nearby roads from unwanted guests. Many, especially those in the eastern portions of the region, are either built by Crusaders from scratch or heavily fortified.
 
* '''Citadels''' — Being on the strategic main route between [[Europe]] and [[Middle East]], there are also lots of citadels in the region, either surrounding the cities or in a valley or on a rocky hill to defend the nearby roads from unwanted guests. Many, especially those in the eastern portions of the region, are either built by Crusaders from scratch or heavily fortified.
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[[Image:Gocekyacht.jpg|thumb|250px|Cruising at the Bay of [[Göcek]]]]
 
[[Image:Gocekyacht.jpg|thumb|250px|Cruising at the Bay of [[Göcek]]]]
  
* '''Yachting'''. One of the top cruising areas in the Mediterranean basin, southwestern reaches of Mediterranean Turkey (coasts of [[Lycia]] and western [[Pamphylia]]) offers abundant yachting options. In the much famed and hardly overestimated '''Blue Cruise''' (a.k.a. '''Blue Voyage'''; ''Mavi Yolculuk''), started by a group of Turkish intellectuals in 1940s and usually compared to cruising in [[Caribbean]], you take a chartered ''gulet'' type yacht (two-masted wooden boats) for a pre-specified amount of time (usually 15 days), and cruise from cove to cove with turquoise waters surrounded by pine-covered mountains suddenly rising at the edge of the sea, calling at coastal towns and fishing villages on the way. [[Marmaris]], [[Fethiye]], [[Kaş]], and [[Bodrum]] and [[Kusadasi|Kuşadası]] (the last two of which are in [[Aegean Turkey|Aegean Region]]) are usual starting points of a Blue Cruise, although voyages extending all the way from [[Izmir]] to [[Antalya]] are not unheard of.
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* '''Yachting'''. One of the top cruising areas in the Mediterranean basin, southwestern reaches of Mediterranean Turkey (coasts of [[Western Lycia]] and western [[Antalya Province]]) offers abundant yachting options. In the much famed and hardly overestimated '''Blue Cruise''' (a.k.a. '''Blue Voyage'''; ''Mavi Yolculuk''), started by a group of Turkish intellectuals in 1940s and usually compared to cruising in [[Caribbean]], you take a chartered ''gulet'' type yacht (two-masted wooden boats) for a pre-specified amount of time (usually 15 days), and cruise from cove to cove with turquoise waters surrounded by pine-covered mountains suddenly rising at the edge of the sea, calling at coastal towns and fishing villages on the way. [[Marmaris]], [[Fethiye]], [[Kaş]], and [[Bodrum]] and [[Kusadasi|Kuşadası]] (the last two of which are in [[Aegean Turkey|Aegean Region]]) are usual starting points of a Blue Cruise, although voyages extending all the way from [[Izmir]] to [[Antalya]] are not unheard of.
*<do name="LateSail Bareboat Charters" alt="Bareboat yacht charters" address="47 Dean St. " directions="" phone="08450 60 50 50" url="http://www.latesail.com/" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Discounted bareboat yacht charters for Turkey's most beautiful sailing grounds </do>
 
 
 
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
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==Stay safe==
 
==Stay safe==
Mediterranean Turkey lies on a more southern latitude than anywhere else in Europe except [[Cyprus]] and the Greek island of [[Crete]], so take it easy in the beginning of your trip and pay close attention to early signs of '''[[Sunburn and sun protection|heat stroke]]''' and '''dehydration'''. While on the beach, applying liberal amounts of sun lotion wouldn't hurt.
 
 
If you plan to spend time in the mountains, be wary of '''scorpions'''. They thrive in Mediterranean climate and rocky areas are their habitats, so never reach under a rock without carefully checking first. Keeping your backpack closed at all times will keep them out, and don't forget to check the inside of your shoes first, should you take them out for any amount of time.
 
 
On crowded public '''beaches''' (i.e., those that aren't owned and enclosed by a resort hotel), don't leave your valuables like cell phones and cameras unattended, or better yet, don't take them to the beach. While many beaches are patrolled by the police and security cameras, there are still reports of '''petty theft'''.
 
 
Otherwise, Mediterranean towns are very safe (and security forces very keen to keep them so), although there may be '''rough areas''' in large cities such as [[Antalya]], [[Mersin]], and [[Adana]].
 
  
 
==Get out==
 
==Get out==
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* Most travellers intending to get deep into [[Middle East]] to the southeast of region cross to [[Syria]] from one of the border gates around [[Antakya]].
 
* Most travellers intending to get deep into [[Middle East]] to the southeast of region cross to [[Syria]] from one of the border gates around [[Antakya]].
 
* If the Seljuq sites in Alanya and Antalya aroused your interest, head north to [[Central Anatolia]] for a lot more.
 
* If the Seljuq sites in Alanya and Antalya aroused your interest, head north to [[Central Anatolia]] for a lot more.
* [[Southeastern Anatolia]] to east is quite an off the beaten path destination and is an altogether different world.
 
  
 
{{IsPartOf|Turkey}}
 
{{IsPartOf|Turkey}}
 
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
  
 
[[WikiPedia:Mediterranean Sea Region, Turkey]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Mediterranean Sea Region, Turkey]]
 
[[Dmoz:Middle East/Turkey/Regions/Mediterranean/]]
 
[[Dmoz:Middle East/Turkey/Regions/Mediterranean/]]
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[[de:Mittelmeer-Region (Türkei)]]
 
[[de:Mittelmeer-Region (Türkei)]]
[[fr:Région méditerranéenne]]
 
 
[[it:Regione mediterranea (Turchia)]]
 
[[it:Regione mediterranea (Turchia)]]
 
[[nl:Mediterraan Turkije]]
 
[[nl:Mediterraan Turkije]]

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