Dakshina Kannada : Mangalore
Mangalore is the gateway to Karnataka. It is one of the five talukas (other than Bantwal, Puttur, Sullia, Belthangady taluks) of the Dakshina Kannada District. This District formerly had 8 talukas, but these were split in August 1997 and the remaining talukas, namely Udupi, Kundapur and Karkala then formed a part of the Udupi district,but there is no division found in the living of two cities and it is still being recognised as 'avibhagitha (undivided) Dakshina Kannada.
Mangalore is named after the Goddess Mangaladevi. Other names used by the locals are 'Mangalooru' (Kannada), 'Mangalapuram' (Malayalam), 'Kudla' (Tulu), 'Kodial' (Konkani), 'Mikala' (Beary) and 'Manjarun'(sanskrith).
Traditionally, it was an important trading port with ties with the Persian Gulf states dating back to the 14th century. With its strategic location, it was occupied by a number of dynasties and colonial rulers, namely the Portuguese in the mid-16th century. In the 18th century, its control was contested by Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan on one hand and the British on the other. Under the Mysore sultans (1763), it became a strategic ship building base, which was ceded to the British in 1799 after numerous sieges.
Mangalore is one of the fastest developing cities in India. Many multinational corporations and domestic corporations are opening their branches in Mangalore. Many reputed builders are bringing huge development projects. There is very good growth in the retail sector and many new shopping malls are being built. Infosys Technologies has 2 Development Centers in Mangalore with over 3000 employees. MphasiS has their India Training Center based near Mangalore Club. Corporation Bank and Karnataka Bank have their headquarters inside the city and Syndicate Bank HQ is in Manipal. Other industries are MRPL, MCF, BASF, KIOCL, Ultratech Cement Plant are some of the other industries in the city.
Mangalore is also known as the 'Cradle of Education' in Karnataka with 16 Engineering(Nitk,surathkal being the rank 1 engineering college and MIT(manipal) being second), 6 Medical, 3 Dental, 12 MBA, 11 Physiotherapy, 8 Hotel Management and 58 Graduation colleges in and around the city.
Mangalore is a blend of the new and the old! With the increasing influx of students from various states of India and different parts of the world, Mangalore has virtually become a 'melting pot' of cultures, given the various communities that make up the social framework of Mangalore: the Tuluvas (Bunts, Billawas, Kulals,Brahmins,Jains,Devadigas, Mogaveeras,Chitpavan's), the Brahmins, the Konkani Catholics, the Bearys, the Goud-Saraswath Brahmins (Konkanas),Devang's(m'lore kannada and tulu) etc.
Mangalore derives its name from the local Hindu Goddess Mangaladevi. It developed as a port on the Arabian Sea—remaining, to this day, a major port of India. Lying on the backwaters of the Netravati and Gurupura rivers, Mangalore is often used as a staging point for sea traffic along the Malabar Coast. The city has a tropical climate and lies in the path of the Arabian Sea branch of the South-West monsoons. Mangalore's port handles 75 per cent of India's coffee exports and the bulk of the nation's cashew exports. Mangalore was ruled by several major powers, including the Kadambas, Vijayanagar dynasty, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Hoysalas, and the Portuguese. The city was a source of contention between the British and the Mysore rulers, Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan. Eventually annexed by the British in 1799, Mangalore remained part of the Madras Presidency until India's independence in 1947. The city was unified with the state of Mysore (now called Karnataka) in 1956. Mangalore is demographically diverse with several languages, including Tulu, Konkani, Kannada, and Beary commonly spoken, and is the largest city of Tulu Nadu region. The city's landscape is characterised by rolling hills, coconut palms, freshwater streams, and hard red-clay tiled-roof buildings. In an exercise carried out by the Urban Development Ministry under the national urban sanitation policy, Mangalore was placed as the eighth cleanest city in the country. In Karnataka, it is second after Mysore.
History he area that is now Mangalore has been mentioned in many ancient works of Hindu history. The name of this town appears in maps as early as the 1652 Sanson Map of India. In the epic Ramayana, Lord Rama ruled over the region, while in the epic Mahabharata, Sahadeva, the youngest of the Pandavas, governed the area. Arjuna, to Adur, a village near Kasargod. Mangalore's historical importance is highlighted by the many references to the city by foreign travellers. Cosmas Indicopleustes, a Greek monk, referred to the port of Mangalore as Mangarouth. Pliny the Elder, a Roman historian, made references to a place called Nitrias, while Greek historian Ptolemy referred to a place called Nitra. Ptolemy's and Pliny the Elder's references were probably made to the Netravati River, which flows through Mangalore. Ptolemy also referred to the city as Maganoor in some of his works. In the third century BCE, the town formed part of the Maurya Empire, ruled by the Buddhist emperor, Ashoka of Magadha. The region was known as Sathia (Shantika) during the Mauryan regime. From second century CE to sixth century CE, the Kadamba dynasty ruled over the region. From 567 to 1325, the town was ruled by the native Alupa rulers. The Alupas ruled over the region as feudatories of major regional dynasties like the Chalukyas of Badami, Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas of Kalyani, and Hoysalas. Mangalapura (Mangalore) was the capital of the Alupa dynasty until the 14th century. The city, then an important trading zone for Persian merchants, was visited by Adenese merchant Abraham Ben Yiju. The Moroccan traveller Ibn Battuta, who had visited the town in 1342, referred to it as Manjarun, and stated that the town was situated on a large estuary. By 1345, the Vijayanagara rulers brought the region under their control. Later, the Jain Kings and the Muslim Bangara Kings ruled the town as feudatories of the Vijayanagar Empire, and brought the town firmly under an efficient and centralised administration. In 1448, Abdul Razak, the Persian ambassador of Sultan Shah Rukh of Samarkand, visited Mangalore, and was amazed at a glorious temple he saw in the city, en route to Vijayanagara. According to the Scottish physician Francis Buchanan who visited Mangalore in 1801, Mangalore was a rich and prosperous port with flourishing trading activity. Rice was the grand article of export, and was exported to Muscat, Bombay, Goa and Malabar. Supari or Betel-nut was exported to Bombay, Surat and Kutch. Pepper and Sandalwood were exported to Bombay. Turmeric was exported to Muscat, Kutch, Surat and Bombay, along with Cassia Cinnamon, Sugar, Iron, Saltpeter, Ginger, Choir and Timber.
The number of languages spoken around here reflects the cultural diversity of Mangalore; Tulu (the most popular and most widely spoken language here, with a slight variation spoken by the Brahmin community), Kannada (the official state language), Konkani (two different versions exist: the one spoken by the Konkani Catholics and another spoken by the Konkanas or the Goud-Saraswaths). Beary is too spoken by Muslims. Haveeka is spoken by havyaka brahmins. English is also widely spoken, so communication shouldn't be much of a problem. the 17th National Youth Festival will be held during 12th to 16th January, 2012 at Mangalore, Karnataka. Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports organizes every year, the National Youth Festival from January 12th to 16th, to commemorate the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda i.e. 12th January.
According to legend, Mangalore derives its name from the local Hindu Goddess, Mangaladevi. It is an ancient city where sages like Vysa, Vashista, Kanva and Vishwamitra are believed to have spent their days meditating in the Sahyadri Mountains.
Mangalore is a historical city and was called by different names in different periods of history. In 715 AD during the era of the Pandya rulers, it was called ‘Managalapuram’, in the 11th century it was called ‘Manjarur.’ According to the information of an Arabian traveller, many powerful dynasties had ruled Mangalore for several years. Some of them are the Kadambas, Vijayanagar dynasty, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas and the Hoysalas.
The famous rulers Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan belonged to this place and Mangalore had been a source of contention between them and the British. Finally the British took over this territory in 1799. Apart from the British, the Portuguese also ruled the place.
Today Mangalore is one of the major Indian ports in the Arabian Sea. Presently it handles more than 75% of India's exports and the majority of the nation's cashew exports. It is now used as a staging point for sea traffic along the Malabar Coast.
Attractions in Mangalore include places like Kudroli Sri Gokarnanatheshwara Temple, which is 3 km from the city. It is a place of religious importance. There is also the Kadri Sri Manjunatha Temple which was built long back in 1086 AD; it is situated on the highest hill of the area. It gives a spectacular view of the surrounding area. It is home to India’s best bronze statue of the God Lokeshwara.
The best time to visit Mangalore is from December to February. Mangalore is well connected by flights to several destinations in India. The nearest airport is the Mangalore Bajpe Airport, about 10 km from the city centre. Since it is a major stop in the Southern Railway it is also connected by train to cities like Pune, Chennai, Madgaon, Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi and Bangalore among others. Buses are also available from Hyderabad, Mumbai, Pune, Bangalore, Chennai and other places to Mangalore
Mangalore International Airport (IATA: IXE) (ICAO: VOML), at Bajpe, about 20 km from the city centre. Currently there are daily flights to Mumbai, Bangalore, Goa, Kochi ,Delhi and Calicut in the domestic segment and weekly/bi-weekly flights to Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Muscat (Oman), Doha (Qatar), Kuwait and Bahrain in the international segment.
Air India, Jet Airways, Kingfisher Airlines, Spice Jet, and Air India Express currently operate flights to Mangalore.
Mangalore has two big railway stations.
Here is a list of trains to reach Mangalore:
Also see Rail travel in India
There are two bus-stands in Mangalore for long-distance bus services.
There are numerous bus services from Mangalore to all the nearby towns in Karnataka and Kerala. The long-distance bus services to major cities like Bangalore, Mumbai, Hubli-Dharwad and Goa run along the National Highways radiating to the North (towards Goa and Mumbai) NH-17, South (towards Kerala) and the East (towards Bangalore) NH-48.
Mangalore is well connected to Goa, Mumbai, and Kerala via NH-17, to the state capital Bangalore via NH-48, and to Hyderabad via NH-13. Highways are only two-laned and very narrow, but make for extremely scenic drives as they all pass either through the Western Ghats or along the coastline. There is a lot of heavy traffic load on the highways owing to the increasing number of buses plying on these routes, as well as a lot of goods-transport trucks owing to the location of many plants and factories as well as New Mangalore Port on NH-17. So exercise caution while driving during periods of heavy traffic.
NH-48 from Sakleshpur to Mangalore, which had been completely unmotorable thanks to government apathy, is now repaired and somewhat motorable. Work is going on to convert NH-48 into a four-lane highway. Until they do this, one needs to go to Mangalore from Bangalore either through the potentially dangerous Charmadi Ghat road, or via the equally pathetic Mysore-Madikeri-Suliya route.
There are many car rental companies available.
There are numerous private bus companies which run bus services within the city of Mangalore and its suburbs. They have names like Padmambika Bus Co. Ltd. emblazoned in large letters in English on the front windscreen of the bus and on its sides. These buses also connect to all the minor urban centres surrounding Mangalore. Most of them originate from the Central Bus Stand at Mangalore behind the Town Hall: the 'State Bank' bus-stand.
Even though the buses are operated by different private companies, the bus numbering scheme is unified and quite useful. The destinations and routes are, however, all written in Kannada. The best way to use these buses is to ask around and the people are most helpful. If you are armed with a city map, one can get the hang of things within a day or so. The minimum bus fare is Rs. 4.00 If you are a student then you can avail concession on bus fares,that is, you just have ot pay half the bus fare. In addition city bus service, there is limited stop (usually called express) bus service (the majority of these are run by various private bus companies) for inter-town/city travelling to neighbouring places. You may find these useful to visit places like Udupi, Manipal, Kaup, Karkala etc. Bus fare ranges between Rs. 14 to Rs. 35 for a distance up to 65 km.
White Ambassador Cabs/Indicas are available: usually used by passengers on long-haul routes. Shared cabs are also available for travel between the city and other talukas viz. Bantwal (BC Road), etc. Prepaid cabs are available from the airport to the city: this is generally at a flat rate of Rs. 350-400.
Car-Rent facilities are also available in Mangalore.
They are available all throughout Mangalore City, the starting fare is Rs.15. Pre-paid autos were available from the City Railway Station and the KSRTC bus stand at Bejai, but not any more. Autos also ply to far-off destinations, the outskirts, for one-and-a-half times the actual fare; this is roughly around Rs.150, depending on the amount of money you have to spare, although one would prefer using buses to reach these areas as a cheaper mode of transport.
(The Auto drivers will charge exorbitant rates if you do not haggle. If there is a problem with them, just search for a cop nearby. If the cop talks to them, the Auto drivers treat you fairly.)
There is no dearth of malls and shopping complexes in Mangalore. Apart from Hampankatta , Balmatta, Kankanady and posh Falnir, most of the new malls are coming up on MG Road which is a dual carriageway. The "Empire Mall" has the Nilgiris supermarket, Coffee Day, Amazon Multi cuisine restaurant and a few other retail chains. It also houses Combinations, a good store for artificial jewellery and cosmetic requirements, not as big as, but similar to Claire's.
The "Bharath Mall" has an Big Cinemas Multiplex, Big Bazaar,Food Bazaar, PlanetM, Pizza Hut, Pantaloons, Coffee Day, Subway, Adidas, Reebok, Provogue, Planet Sports, Swawroski, Levi's(R)etc. just to name a few. The Saibeen complex is also located on MG Road.
Karnataka's 2nd largest mall opened in Mangalore on 25 April 2010; The City Centre Mall. It is on K.S. Rao Road. It has a retail space of almost 800,000 square feet. Lifestyle, Westside, Spencers, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Landmark have already opened up at the mall. World's 4 largest Mexican-based multiplex operator: Cinepolis is finishing up its 5 screen multiplex at the mall. Also there is Spar Hypermarket.
'Excel Mall', 'Mischief Mega Mall', 'Mak-mall', 'Spectrum','Times Square', 'Pio Mall', 'Golden Harvest Mall','Mangalore Central Mall'and 'Bharath Mall 2' are the upcoming malls in Mangalore.
Like in Bangalore and Mumbai, you can find a huge crowd in the malls of Mangalore. During the end of the season, retailers like 'Pantaloons Retail India Ltd.' offer huge sales discounts like that which is done in Bangalore and Mumbai. People in Mangalore are also crazy about shopping.
Small fashion stores like 'Signature Shopping', 'Saree House', 'Envy' etc. are also present in Mangalore.
Adka's Cotton World is Mangalore's oldest retail clothing showroom spread over 6000 sqft which provides latest clothing trends in fashion for men, ladies and kids. It is located at Kankanady.
There are various supermarkets across the city where you can get groceries & other daily items. A few of them are:
Apart from these, a few more supermarkets such as Spencers, Mark & Spencers, Reliance Fresh are expected to open their outlets in Mangalore.
There are numerous small restaurants where one can gorge on cheap food as long as one likes South Indian food. The most typical ones are the Udupi-style restaurants which serve the staple fare of idli, wada and a variety of dosas. You can wash them down with some home-grown filter coffee or tea.
One of the more famous Udupi-style restaurants is the Woodlands situated on Bunts Hostel Road which has preserved its old-world quaintness. The gentry of Mangalore drive into its courtyard and remain seated in their cars. Nimble-footed waiters with their white mundus hitched up scamper around to serve them their food which is eaten inside the cars.
The lunch menu in Woodlands is particularly tasty if you like typical South Indian food. Lunch includes two varieties of rice, normal rice and Boiled rice (Kerala style). The tiffin menu (evening) also is delicious with several choices. The dinner menu is very plain and contains many repeat dishes.
Try such dishes as Kane Rava fry, Anjal Masala fry and Manji Masala fry.
Another category of small eateries is the Malayali joints. As Mangalore is adjacent to Kerala, it has a fair share of Malayalis who patronize these places. You will see that these eateries have their names written in large letters in the Malayalam script. They provide a selection of non-vegetarian food prepared in typical Kerala-style. A famous place to cite in this category would be Kairali Restaurant, near the Railway Station behind Milagres Church.
If you're ready to spend a little more money to give yourself and your family that perfect tummy treat while in Mangalore, visit the various restaurants around which offer varied cuisines of your choice and taste, at a price! The 'Chicken Ghee Roast', which is a delicacy specifically of Dakshina Kannada is available at many of the premium restaurants.
Some of the famous restaurants:
Ice cream and Snacks
Mangalore is often labelled 'ice cream town' for the boom in the number of parlours in and around the city. Some of the most famous ones include:
If you're in for the other famous & international eating places, try:
Fruit Juice and Cold Drinks
An array of mini fruit juice stalls dot every nook and cranny of Mangalore City; at bus stops, near shopping areas, etc. that serve the usual fare of juices and milkshakes. Name it and it's all there for you. But this is not recommended if your gut is not immune to such juices! Normal restaurants would definitely be a hygienic alternative!
A must visit place i recommend: Srinidhi Juice & Snacks,Opp to Srinivasa Theater(Balaji),B.E.M High School Road,Carstreet, 50 Year old shop, Serves Fresh Fruit Juices, Fruit Chat, Lassi, Maggie, Pav Bhaji & other Snacks.
Tendercoconut (Local language called Bonda / Shiyala )is available in plenty. Most vendors charge about 20Rs each.
Aerated cold drinks like Coke & Pepsi are also available, just as in any other part of the world. Try out the local varieties, such as 'Zaffa' or 'Joy' for taste. If you want to have hygienically flavored sugarcane juice, then you will find a joint in Bharath Mall. You will wonder how much technology has changed these days!
Another must visit place is the Temple Square (Car street). The juice shop to check out is the one located between School book company & an Ayurvedic medicine shop.This juice shop specialises in dishing out concoctions made up of locally grown berries.Famous flavours include "Nannari", "Jaljeera", "Hingastak", "Birinda", and the rest is up to you to explore.The juice shop perfectly complements the fried delicacies served at "Balli's podi" located right across the street. Its the best place to eat "podis" in Mangalore. The mouth watering hot hot podis are irresistible.
Well there's the usual Cafe Coffee Day with its main outlet at Balmatta and four others at Deralakatte bang opposite the A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences campus, at the ONGC-MRPL Complex at Katipalla, Surathkal (near Infant Mary Church) and two new outlets opened recently, at the Empire Mega Mall (MG Road) and at Bharath Mall (Opposite KSRTC Bus Stand, Bejai). The outlets offer the youth a good hangout and a place to chill.
If you're game for just plain filter coffee, without the extra hype, try out any of the Udupi cafes. Like the Taj Mahal hotels at Car Street, Hampankatta and Town Hall areas.
And yes... if you're looking for that perfect night out with friends over a couple of beers or vodka, you can either buy your liquor from the many wineshops around: for example, HI-SPIRITS (Bendoorwell-Kankanady),rajaram wines(bolar) or you can check out the various resto-bars/lounge bars in the city. Some of the famous ones include:
There is no shortage of budget hotels in Mangalore. K S Rao road has many affordable hotels.
There are many midrange hotels in Mangalore.
Malaria is endemic in Mangalore. So, don't forget to carry your mosquito repellent creams, mosquito mats, coils, liquidators, etc. along with you (let that be your first priority on your list of things to pack!). Consult your doctor for advice on malaria prophylaxis before you arrive in Mangalore. If you have the slightest idea of a fever with chills, rush yourself to a nearby hospital to get yourself checked.
Also, it is advisable to get yourself vaccinated for Hepatitis A (food-borne Hepatitis) in case you haven't been vaccinated already.
Three things will do more to prevent an upset stomach or other traveling aliments than anything else: