Mangalia is a port city and tourist resort in south-eastern Romania. The area has been inhabited since the neolithic. In the VIII - VI centuries B.C. it was colonised by the Greeks. The name of the city that they built was Callatis. in the year 71 B.C. the Romans conquer Callatis. The city Callatis was abandoned by the 7th century A.D. Instead, starting with the XIIIth century A.D. documents speak of a new city, first called Pangalia, later Mankalia. It is believed that the Turks gaved it its final name - Mangalia, since it was hard for them to pronounce Mankalia.
The beach is 600 meters long and 50-150 meters wide and has a very fine sand; the sea water is not very deep - 1 meter by the shore to 200 meters in the open sea and for this reason it is preferred by the children who cannot swim.
The city divides in 2 sections: Mangalia North that features the resorts Olimp, Neptun, Jupiter, Cap Aurora, Venus, Saturn and Mangalia South that features the commercial harbor as well as the shipyard.
Mangalia is also a balneoclimateric resort. Annual average temperature stand at 11.2 degrees Celsius. Lake Mangalia (who's surface stands at 261 ha) is supplied by rich sulfuric mezothermal water springs. They are employed in treating degenerative rheumatic diseases. Mangalia is the only maritime resort to have mineral water springs!
There are several trains daily between Constanta and Mangalia, going through the resorts on the Black Sea coast. In summer there are direct trains to Mangalia from Bucharest and other major cities in Romania.
There are frequent minibuses and buses on the Constanta - Mangalia route, especially in summer.
Mangalia is a small resort, spanning over 6200 ha. Most of the tourist attractions are reachable by foot. The resorts north of the city are reachable by buses and minibuses. Same goes for the hippodrome and the caves.