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Difference between revisions of "Malaysia"

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*[[Pulau Sipandan]]
*[[Pulau Sipandan]]
*[[Pulau Tenggol]]
*[[Pulau Tenggol]]
*[[Tioman Island]]
*[[Tunku Abdul Rahman Marine Park]]
*[[Tunku Abdul Rahman Marine Park]]
==External Links==
==External Links== - very good website for people thinking of travelling to Malaysia. - very good website for people thinking of travelling to Malaysia.

Revision as of 06:18, 1 February 2004

Quick Facts
CapitalKuala Lumpur
Governmentconstitutional monarchy

Currencyringgit (MYR)

Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia located partly on a peninsula of the Asian mainland and partly on the northern one-third of the island of Borneo. It shares borders with Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia and Brunei and has a coastline on the South China Sea and the Strait of Malacca.



Malaysia was formed in 1963 through a merging of the former British colonies of Malaya and Singapore, including the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak on the northern coast of Borneo. The first several years of the country's history were marred by Indonesian efforts to control Malaysia, Philippine claims to Sabah, and Singapore's secession in 1965.


Map of Malaysia
total: 329,750 sq km
Area - comparative 
slightly larger than New Mexico
Land boundaries 
total: 2,669 km
border countries: Brunei 381 km, Indonesia 1,782 km, Thailand 506 km
4,675 km (Peninsular Malaysia 2,068 km, East Malaysia 2,607 km)
tropical; annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons
coastal plains rising to hills and mountains
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m


Ethnic groups 
Malay and other indigenous 58%, Chinese 24%, Indian 8%, others 10% (2000)
Muslim, Buddhist, Daoist, Hindu, Christian, Sikh; note - in addition, Shamanism is practiced in East Malaysia
Bahasa Melayu (official), English, Chinese dialects (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai; note - in addition, in East Malaysia several indigenous languages are spoken, the largest of which are Iban and Kadazan


Government type 
constitutional monarchy
31 August 1957 (from UK)
National holiday 
Independence Day/Malaysia Day, 31 August (1957)
31 August 1957, amended 16 September 1963


Economy - overview 
Malaysia, a middle income country, transformed itself from 1971 through the late 1990s from a producer of raw materials into an emerging multi-sector economy. Growth is almost exclusively driven by exports - particularly of electronics.


Jungle tours : There are various beautiful national parks in Malaysia, including the Taman Negera National Park. There are many different types of expeditions available, ranging from those where you hardly lose sight of the hotel to those were you are fully immersed in the jungle with only the guide and yourself if you are willing to pay the money! Tours vary from about 4 days to 2 weeks or more. It is very unlikely in most of the national parks for you to see a tiger or an elephant, this is only really likely if you are going to be staying for longer than a few days, i.e. for a couple of weeks at least. One of the most common forms of wildlife that you will encounter in the jungle however are definatly leeches! In the rainforest it is very very humid but actually it is not incredibly hot. This is because of the large amount of shade afforded by the canopy created by the interlocking trees. Shop around for deals of getting into the jungle and make your decision based on what type of person you are. If you are going to enjoy a lot of hiking without seeing any other people for days or even weeks then you can have that choice, alternatively you can have a much more 'packaged' tour in which you will probably stay in a very built up tourist town which has probably just grown out of the demand for people wanting to stay in the jungle.

Islands, coral reefs and diving : One of the most stunningly beautiful things about Malaysia are it's array of tropical coral reefs, home to a wide variety of fish and plants alike, including sharks! Here are some of the places in both Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo in which you can go diving:

External Links - very good website for people thinking of travelling to Malaysia.