Madhugiri is in Karnataka.
Madhugiri is a Taluk headquarters in Tumkur district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The town derives its name from a hillock, Madhu-giri (honey-hill) which is to the north of the place.
Madhugiri has been declared as Educational District by Karnataka state educational department. It includes Madhugiri, Sira, Koratagere and Pavagada Taluks.
Madhugiri, or also known as Maddagiri, is located around 43 km north of Tumkur town, and 107 km north-west of Bangalore city and about 43 km north of Tumkur.
- Asia's largest monolith is in Madhugiri. It is the second largest in the world.
- Jayamangali Blackbuck Reserve also known as Maidana Halli Blackbuck Sanctuary is 25 km from Madhugiri. It is near Kodigenahalli, one of the prominent hobli of Madhugiri. Prior permission for overnight camping inside the reserve is needed.
- Chennarayana Durga, located 10 km from Koratagere on the way to Madhugiri via Tumkur, is one of the nine Durga forts. Inside the fort, there is a small temple and semi-ruined old structures can be explored.
- Madhugiri Fort was built by the Vijaynagar dynasty. Jain Temples are also found at this place.
- Madhugiri State Forest, also known as Timmalapura Forest is close to Madhugiri. The forest is known for its population of peafowls and sloth bears.
- Temples dedicated to Venkataramana and Malleshvara stand side by side in the town. They face east and are built in the Dravidian style of architecture with lofty towers. Venkataramana temple is said to have been built by the chief Nagi Reddy. But the garbhagriha appears to be of Hoysala times. There is a statue near the southern door of the prakara, described as of Nagi Reddy.
- The Mallinatha Jaina Basadi adjoining the fort wall has a good manasthamba.
- At the Veerashaiva Gurrammana Matha there is a tomb of a guru named Shivalingaswamy. There are some fine caves near the matha.
- The erection of the fort at Madhugiri is ascribed to a local chief named Raja Hire Gauda. The fort was greatly improved by Haidar Ali. Haidar Ali, after the conquest of Bednur, had kept the Rani of Bednur imprisoned in this fort until its capture by the Marathas in 1767 A.D.
- Several gates such as the Antaralada Bagilu, Diddibagilu and the Mysore Gate lead one to the top of the hill which has many springs.
- The place is known for the manufacture of handloom cloth and blankets. A superior variety of rice called chinnada-salakki (golden stick) is grown in this taluk.
- Midugeshi, the headquarters of the hobli of the same name, is about 19 km north of the Madhugiri town. The place is said to have been so named by a local chief Nagi Reddy of Vijayanagara times, after his wife Midigeshi who was so called because her locks (kasha) were so long that it touched her feet.
- The Midigeshi hill is said to have been fortified by Nagi Reddy and it has several gates leading to the top of the hill. On a rock beside the steps to the hill, there is the statue of the woman in relief, and it is identified as of a heroic woman called Chikkamallamma. On the hill are granaries, dome-like structures for storing ghee and oil, powder magazines and springs which are called Musare-done and Kanneramana-done. On the summit is a mosque with two minarets at the sides and ornamental parapet all round roof. Close to the mosque there is a shrine of Hanuman. The building has flights of steps on both the sides.
(Source: Karnataka State Gazetteer 1983)