The Macedon Ranges are located outside of Melbourne. The region is sometimes known as the Macedon Ranges and Spa Country.
The gold rush of the late nineteenth century ignited the imagination of men of all nationalities, who rushed to the Macedon Ranges in the 1850s and '60s. Their legacy lives on in the many historic buildings that still stand throughout the region. The gold is exhausted, but the granite, bluestone and sandstone excavated from local quarries 150 years ago endure.
Thomas Mitchell climbed the mountain in 1836. Having sighted Port Phillip from its summit he named the mountain after Philip of Macedon. The view takes in Port Phillip Bay, the You Yangs and Mount Dandenong. The 21-metre Memorial Cross is a local landmark visible from a considerable distance. The original crucifix, gardens and access road were established by local resident William Cameron, as a tribute to those Australians and his son who died in World War I . The Ash Wednesday fires of 1983 damaged the cross and ruined the gardens. The latter have been re-established and the former replaced.