Luxor/Valley of the Kings
The Valley of the Kings (Arabic: Wadi el-Muluk, وادي الملوك; also known as Biban el-Moluk, the "Gates of the Kings")) is an Egyptian archaeological locality in the hills immediately behind the West Bank of Luxor. As such, it is one of the most remarkable archaeological destinations in the world - the burial place of most of the pharaohs of Egypt of the New Kingdom period.....
The tombs within the Valley are officially given a KV number, standing for "King's Valley". The tomb of Tutankhamun, for example, is also known as KV62.
A number of archaeological excavations continue periodically within the Valley of the King's to the present day; perhaps best known is the American University of Cairo's excavation of KV5, the tomb of the Sons of Ramesses II. Director of this excavation is Professor Kent Weeks, also director of the Theban Mapping Project, officially granted the permit to map the Theban Necropolis in its entirety - a project now well advanced.
Open: summer daily 6am-6pm, winter 9AM-5PM. Admission: LE 70 for three tombs of your choice (those wishing to view more than 3 tombs will need to purchase additional tickets), available from the main Ticket Office in the West Bank.
Note that not all the tombs within the Valley are currently open to the public. Many are closed periodically for resting and renovation.
Information within the Valley has been vastly improved in recent years; (mostly) gone are the old faded signs, now replaced by engraved metal signs detailing the history, architecture and decoration of each tomb, together with detailed plans and diagrams (these have been provided courtesy of the Theban Mapping Project, in association with the Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities).
In order to get the best idea of the tombs within the Valley of the Kings, it is wise to visit at least one tomb from each of the three main building phases (see below).
Anyone interested in seeing evidence of the damage to the mummy done during initial attempts to remove it from the coffin will be disappointed as only the head and shoulders are visible.
Phase One Tombs
Phase Two Tombs
Phase Three Tombs
Bringing your own small torch to gently illuminate some of the more obscure reliefs is always a good idea.
Watch out for the guards in the tombs that may offer to take your picture (which is against the rules) for some baksheesh. If they get your camera they can take any sort of picture, then report you to the authorities, which is a big hassle. Beware that a camera flash in a tomb will alert the guards to picture taking that is STRICTLY FORBIDDEN. You will be given the choice of leaving the site (not just that tomb)or paying a second admission fee.
Visitors to the Valley of the Kings may also wish to consider a visit to the nearby Western Valley.