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Lower Silesian Voivodship

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Lower Silesian Voivodship

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Lower Silesia (Polish: Dolnośląskie) [1] is a region in Poland.


Other destinations


In the early second millennium Lower Silesia started out as a part of Poland. In the 12th and 13th century Silesia fell apart into several duchies of with Wrocław, Głogów, Wschowa and Świdnica in Lower Silesia. In the 14th century Wschowa became again a part of Poland, while the others came under Czech or Bohemian rule. During this time the region was largely settled and or became German-speaking. Bohemia was also ruled at this time by the German Luxembourg, later the Polish Jagiellonians and finally by the Austrian Habsburgs. In 1741 Lower Silesia became a part of Prussia after Austria lost a decisive war over Silesia. After World War II Lower Silesia was annexed by Poland and almost all of its population (entirely German) was expelled and the area was resettled by Poles.


Some of the geographic regions include:

  • The Giant Mountains (Polish - Karkonosze, Czech - Krkonoše, German - Riesengebirge), divided between Poland and the Czech Republic. Note that originally Germans lived on both sides of this border, still visible on old cemetaries on the Czech side - the Polish cleared all German tombstones when they annexed this part of Germany after WWII.
  • Snow Mountain (Polish - Śnieżka, Czech - Sněžka, German - Schneekoppe), the highest mountain in the Giant Mountains, 1602 m. high.
  • Jeleniogorska Valley (Polish - Kotlina Jeleniogórska) - a valley north to the Giant Mountains with Jelenia Góra (German Hirschberg) aglomeration,
  • Klodzko County (Polish - Kotlina Kłodzka, German - Grafschaft Glatz), a valley surrounded by several mountain ranges,main city Kłodzko (German: Glatz), contains several health resorts - Polanica Zdrój (German: Bad Alteheide), Duszniki Zdrój (German: Bad Reinerz), Kudowa Zdrój (German:Bad Kudowa).
  • Trzebnica Hills
  • Barten River Valley (Polish: Dolina Baryczy)includes:
    • Milicz Ponds, a perfect place for bird watching


Like everywhere else in Poland, all residents of Lower Silesia speak Polish. However, frequently you will find information boards also in German and English. Most young people know some English. Older people quite often understand basic German or Russian. As everywhere knowledge of a few words in Polish will be warmly welcome.

Get in

Some major airlines, Poland's national carriers LOT Polish Airlines, and a low cost airline Centralwings (owned by LOT) and some other low cost airlines fly to Wrocław's Copernicus Airport (WRO). Domestic flights operated by LOT (under Eurolot brand) connect Wrocław with Warsaw's Frederic Chopin Airport (WAW).

Get around


UNESCO World Heritage Sites




Stay safe

Get out

Dolnośląskie borders three other Polish voivodships

as well as the Czech Republic and Germany.

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